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VOL. I. 



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6. NARRATIVE OF GRANSHEOGH, . . . . . . 356362 






[HE MONTGOMERY MANUSCRIPTS were written by William Montgomery of Rose- 
mount, in the county of Down, between the years 1696 and 1706, or during the last ten 
years of the author's life. Of this learned old gentleman's personal history 
nothing is known to the editor beyond the several curious autobiographical notices to be found in 
this volume, and to which the reader may have easy access by means of the Index at the 
end. His memoir of the first viscount Montgomery contains a vivid sketch of the Scottish settle- 
ment in the territory of Ard-Uladh, at the commencement of the seventeenth century, and of the 
events which led to the extinction of the great house of O'Neill in Upper or Southern Clannaboy. 
The memoir of the second viscount is unfortunately lost, at least for the present, having been 
probably carried away to Australia by the author's lineal descendant, captain Frederick Campbell 
Montgomery, who settled in that colony about the year 1835. The memoir of the third viscount 
has reached us almost complete (although evidently wanting its introductory chapter), and is a truly 
valuable contribution to the history of Ulster, from the outbreak of the great Irish rebellion in 1641, 
until the period of the Restoration in 1660. The third viscount, who had a commission as com- 
mander-in-chief of the royalist forces in Ulster, was advanced to the dignity of an earl by Charles 
II., and took Mount- Alexander as the name of his earldom, from the family residence 
near Comber, in the county of Down, which had been so called in honour of his mother, Jean 
Alexander, daughter of the first earl of Stirling. The memoir of the fourth viscount, second 
earl of Mount- Alexander, who died in 1716, appears to be complete, at least to the year 1706, the 
date of the author's death. This second earl was appointed general of the northern Protestant 
forces in 1688, and his memoir, containing some curious particulars of the revolutionary struggle 
in Ulster, will be read with deep interest. The memoir of Sir James Montgomery is quite imperfect- 
We have here only a copy of portions of the original. In a MS. account of the Savages 
to which the editor had access, there is a marginal reference to pp. 209, 210, of the Life of Sir 
James Montgomery, but the fragment which has been preserved would not occupy, probably, more 
than fifty of the closely written quarto pages of William Montgomery's original memoir. The 
transcriber, however, has fortunately copied from the original such portions of the memoir as refer- 
red to Sir James's public life, including an account of his military operations in 1641, which preserved 
the inhabitants of the Ards from pillage and massacre, and kept that district open as an asylum for 
multitudes who had escaped the fury of the insurgents in other localities, throughout Down, and the 
adjoining counties. For the memoirs above-mentioned the author derived his materials from 
such family papers as had not been stolen or destroyed when Rosemount House was burned, in 
February, 1695, 


The author appears, generally, to have committed to the then representatives of the several 
leading families in the Ards, of the surname of Montgomery, such portions of his Manuscripts as 
specially treated of the branches to which they respectively belonged, an arrangement by which 
these documents were widely dispersed, and, 'in some instances, valuable collections irrevocably 
lost. His memoirs of the main branch, with one exception, were preserved at Mount-Alexander 
House, and afterwards at Donaghadee, kinsfolk and connexions occasionally borrowing them 
for consultation on important family matters. The memoirs of the author's father, sir James 
Montgomery, of his father-in-law, the second viscount, and of the author himself, lay in Rosemount 
House, and afterwards at Killough, from which they, with others, were removed on the mar- 
riage of the author's great grand-daughter, Helena Montgomery, with Con way Heatley, esq., of 
Riversdale, in the county of Wicklow. This lady's eldest son was permitted, in the year 1820, to 
assume the name and arms of Montgomery. Her grandson, Frederick Campbell Montgomery 
above-named, carried with him many of the Papers relating to the history of his family, which are 
supposed to be in the possession of his children, who reside in Australia. Among the Papers thus 
removed were probably the author's Opera Juvenilia and Opera Senilia, two distinct volumes, 
referred to at pp. 412, 416. He mentions that his Disputations were bound up in the former 
volume, and his Treatise on the office of Gustos Rotulorum in the latter. In the latter, also, 
was probably included his Treatise on Funerals, mentioned at p. 384. Copies of the Incidentall 
Remembrances of the Savages were made by Abraham Holm, at Rosemount, and sent to Patrick 
Savage, of Portaferry, esqr., and Captain Hugh Savage of Ardkeen. The Narrative of Gransheogh 
was transcribed by Mr. Robert Watson from the original, the transcript being sent to William Mont- 
gomery of Gransheogh, who was then (1701) residing at Maghera, in the county of Londonderry. 
The original, however, and the copy made from it, are both in the possession of Hugh Montgomery, 
esq., the present proprietor of the Rosemount or Greyabbey estate, and the lineal representative of 
the gentleman for whom it was drawn up by the author. In the same keeping, also, is the original 
of the author's curious treatise on the Montgomerys of England and Scotland. The memoir of the 
influential family then represented by Hugh Montgomery of Ballymagown, afterwards Springvale, 
was committed to that gentleman's keeping as it came from the author's hand, and has been since 
very carefully preserved. It was found not many years ago, in the possession of the family of the 
late Rev. William Montgomery, presbyterian minister of Ballyeaston, county of Antrim, who was a 
native of Castlereagh, and probably the representative of Hugh Montgomery of Ballymagown, 
the original owner. Nothing is now known of the memoirs of the Blackstown and Creboy 
branches, mentioned at p. 385, the representatives of those families having, most probably, carried 
them to Scotland on their return to occupy their ancestral lands in that kingdom. The Description 
of the Ards, written several years prior to his memoirs of the Montgomerys, appears to have been 
the only portion of the author's writings printed in his own lifetime, with the exception of two 
College Exercises published at Leyden, in the year 1652. His account of the Ards was, no doubt, 
much appreciated when it first appeared, one copy having been purchased, some years afterwards, 
for sir William Petty, at the price of ^3 133. 6d. It was published at Dublin, folio, pp. 16, in the 
year 1683. 


When the remnant of the Mount-Alexander estates passed, at the death of the last countess 
in 1764, to the families of De la Cherois and Crommelin, the Montgomery Manuscripts, preserved at 
Mount-Alexander, together with other family papers, were transferred to Samuel De la Cherois, esq., 
cousin of the countess, to whom her ladyship had bequeathed the half of the property. His son, 
Daniel De la Cherois, esq., of Donaghadee, kindly permitted extracts from the Manuscripts to be 
printed in the columns of the Belfast News-Letter. These extracts appeared in the years 1785 and 
1786, and were followed by others, published by the same journal, in the year 1822. It was after- 
wards found that there existed a very general desire to have the whole contents of this valuable 
collection printed in a more permanent form. Hence the duodecimo volume published at the 
News-Letter office in the year 1830. In reference to that publication, the editor has received the 
following interesting particulars from James M'Knight, Esq., LL.D., Londonderry, whose valuable 
Preface to the first edition requires now from its distinguished writer not one apologetic word : 

" After the late Dr. James Stuart, the historian of Armagh, had removed from Newry to Belfast, to 
undertake the editorship of the News-Letter, he obtained from Mr. Joy a perusal of the MS. in his 
(Mr. Joy's) possession; and he strongly urged its publication, offering to supply notes, illustrations, ad- 
denda, &c., from his own immense stores of historical and local information. Mr. Joy did not like to 
incur the total expense of the work; but, by way of economy, Dr. Stuart and he suggested to Mr. Mackay 
its publication by instalments in the News-Letter, keeping up the types till a sufficient number of pages 
had been formed, when the sheets were struck off, and so on in succession. Dr. Stuart, by anticipation, 
as you will see in the early sheets, inserted references to his intended appendix, though this appendix was 
never finished perhaps indeed was never written. By this slow process, a considerable portion of the MS. 
was struck off in sheets when the work had to be discontinued. These printed sheets lay in the News-Letter 
office for many years as waste paper ; Dr. Stuart had left the establishment, and started the Guardian, 
and I then a young student in my second year at college became his successor. Mr. Joy, a short 
time before his death, determined to complete the publication, made pecuniary arrangements with Mr. 
Mackay, and had the remainder of the MS. printed, together with the account of the ' Savages.' His 
hand was so tremulous that he could not write at any length, though he managed to correct all the 
proofs. The task of writing a preface consequently fell upon me, though ill-qualified for it from defective 
information ; but I put together a few pages, which Mr. Joy corrected, and which were printed at the 
beginning of the volume. This is its history, so far as I have any knowledge of it. 

"November 27, 1866." 

It would thus appear that the publication of the first edition was urged forward by the late. 
Henry Joy, esq., of Belfast, soon before the close of his long and honourable life, and whilst his feeble 
health permitted him to do little more than simply to see that the printing of the Manuscripts was 
in progress. It is gratifying to know, however, that he lived to witness the accomplishment of the 
work, and also to receive, among many other acknowledgments, a very cordial letter of thanks 
from sir Walter Scott, to whom he had transmitted a copy. The following is an extract from this 
letter, written in Edinburgh, on the 4th of February, 1830 : " I am honoured with a copy of your 
edition of the Montgomerys, which interests me in the highest degree, and is one of those works 
which carry us back to the times of our ancestors, and give us the most correct ideas of their cus- 


toms and manners. I am very sorry the condition of the copies you made use of obliged you to 
omit the appendix, which must have contained much that was curious and interesting." 

When preparations were to be made for the new edition, no trace of the original Manuscripts 
from which the volume of 1830 had been printed could be found, and the present editor was 
reluctantly compelled to adopt the modernized orthography of that volume, without having thus 
the best means of correcting misprints, or of supplying many words and even whole sen- 
tences that have been omitted in the first edition without explanation. The reader will observe 
that in the new edition the contents of the Manuscripts have been re-arranged, being now placed 
according to the order in which they were written, and so as to preserve, as much as possible, 
the continuity of the author's narrative. To the memoirs contained in the first edition, three 
others of much interest and value have been here added, two of which arenow printed for the 
first time, the third being a reprint from the ninth volume of the Ulster Journal of Arcliceology. 
The history of these three additional memoirs, so far as known to the editor, will be found in the 
notes, and need not be repeated here. 

Without entering into any recapitulation of the subject matter of the Montgomery Manuscripts, 
it may be stated, generally, that the reader will here meet witlvmany curious illustrations of the 
sentiments and manners of the age in which they were written. Among such illustrations may be 
mentioned the bloody and protracted feud between the Montgomerys and Cunninghams of 
Scotland ; the escape, or rescue, of Con O'Neill from Carrickfergus Castle ; the return of that chief- 
tain to Castlereagh, from London, after kissing the king's hand, and obtaining a royal grant of the 
third part of his own estates ; the commencement and progress of the new Scottish colony at 
Newtown in the Ards ; the massacre, by woodkern, of the whole family, save one, of the Montgo- 
merys of Gransheogh ; the meeting of bishop George Montgomery and Dr. James Ussher in Lon- 
don, and their interviews with James I. ; the rencounter of the fat (first) earl of Clanbrassill with 
the Brownie at Newtown-house ; the violence of sir Bryan O'Neill in the house of parliament and 
in the court of king's bench ; the heraldic display observed at the funerals of the first and third 
viscounts Montgomery ; the author's re-entry into Rosemount after being excluded from it, by the 
officers of the Commonwealth and Protectorate, for the space of nine years ; his hunt after his 
reprizals throughout various counties of Ireland ; his interview with primate Bramhall on the way 
to Lisburn; his meeting with the duke of Ormond at Carrickfergus in 1666 ; and his preparation 
of his own tomb, including the several curious inscriptions for it, two of which have been only 
recently discovered, and are recorded at page 405 of this volume. 

The editor has now only, in conclusion, to express his gratitude for much friendly aid received 
in the course of his labours. The kind offices of the Rev. Dr. Reeves of Tynan have been un- 
wearying and pre-eminent, this very distinguished scholar and writer having read over and assisted 
in the correction of every proof-sheet of the entire work. Among many others, whose assistance 
was always promptly rendered when required, the editor's acknowledgments are especially due to 
the Rev. Dr. Macllwaine, Belfast; colonel F. O. Montgomery, of the North Down Rifles; Daniel 
De la Cherois, esq., Donaghadee ; Hugh Montgomery, esq., of Gransheogh and Greyabbey; 
R. B. Houston, esq., Orangefield, Belfast ; the Rev. James Graves, Kilkenny ; J. W. Hanna, esq., 


Holywood; William Pinkerton, esq., F.S.A., Hounslow, London; M. J. Barrington Ward, esq., 
Magdalen Hall, Oxford ; the Rev. Dr. Killen, Belfast ; R. S. Nicholson, esq., Ballow, county of 
Down; the Rev. Classon Porter, Lame; Charles Scott, esq., Grovefield, Belfast; John P. Pren- 
dergast, esq., Dublin; sir J. Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms ; James M'Knight, esq., LL.D., 
Londonderry ; the Rev. J. A. Chancellor, Belfast ; the right honourable the earl of Enniskillen ; 
John Temple Reilly, esq., Dublin ; Richard Cunningham, esq., Castle Cooley, County Donegal ; 
Maurice Lenihan, esq., Limerick ; brigadier-general George Montgomery of the Bombay Army ; 
James Paterson, esq., Edinburgh ; and the Rev. Dr. Rogers of Greenwich. 



CONSIDERABLE portion of the MONTGOMERY MANUSCRIPTS was printed in the Belfast 
News-Letter, so early as 1785 and 1786,* when their publication was suspended in con- 
sequence of their extent, which in some degree unfitted them for the columns of a news- 
paper. Besides, it was suggested that their intrinsic interest and importance to a large proportion 
of the Nobility and Gentry of the Counties of Down and Antrim, required their publication in a 
permanent and portable form, and hence the origin of the present undertaking. The influential 
part which the family of MONTGOMERY acted in the affairs of Ulster after its colonization by the 
Scots, is matter of historic record, and will be found minutely detailed in the subsequent pages ; 
while, in consequence of the matrimonial and other alliances, that were gradually formed between 
the several branches of that distinguished family and other families of rank at the time, there are 
not a few gentlemen in the counties referred to, who will naturally feel an interest in recurring to 
these simple, but authentic memoirs of their ancestorial dignity. The gratification which the re- 
corded fame of ancestry may fairly minister to the ambition of posterity, is not, however, the only 
advantage derivable from the publication of these Memoirs. Their importance as historical docu- 
ments will be readily recognised by those who have studied the transactions of the agitated period 
to which they refer, while, as illustrative of manners and customs and habits of thought, that are 
now comparatively antiquated, their value cannot fail to be estimated even by those who have no 
hereditary interest in their details. In this view, it is hoped, that though the locality of the scenes 
that are described, and the individuality of the personages who are chiefly engaged in them, may limit 
to a portion of the community, the specific interest of the volume; yet it will possess independent 
merit sufficient to engage the attention of the majority. 

In the early parts of the volume, references have been made to an Appendix, which has not 
been printed, and the omission of which requires explanation. The reasons of its omission were 

* They were again re-printed in part in the News-Letter in 1822. 

viii PREFACE. 

these after a considerable portion of the Montgomery Manuscripts had been printed off, a second 
Manuscript by the author of the former, was discovered. It contained an interesting history of the 
family of the Savages, formerly the Lords of the Little Ards, and its publication was found to be 
necessary, not merely to complete the narrative of the former, but for reasons equally cogent with 
those which had originally induced the determination of publishing that Manuscript Hence, the 
omission of the proposed Appendix became indispensable, as the size of the work had been limited. 
Besides, no great inconvenience can result from this omission, as there are numerous sources of in- 
formation accessible to those who may be inquisitive regarding matters of mere antiquarian 
curiosity; while the full insertion of the Appendix would have required either a separate volume, 
or would have enlarged this to an inconvenient size, and would, besides, have proportionably in- 
creased its price. 

The orthography of the original manuscripts, with its incidental peculiarities of contraction, 
has been strictly preserved.* The printer has even followed the occasional defects of his copy, 
without attempting their correction, which, in many instances, might have been easily done. It 
now remains that we close this preface with a brief notice of the author of the following memoirs. 
He was the son of Sir James Montgomery, and was born at Aughaintain, in Tyrone, on the 2 7th 
of October, 1633. He represented the borough of Newtownards, in the Irish Parliament, which, 
shortly after the restoration, passed the celebrated act for the settlement of military adventurers in 
Ireland. In his habits he appears to have been studious, to have possessed persevering industry, 
extensive knowledge, and acuteness of observation, notwithstanding the quaint, parenthetical style 
of his composition a fault which is attributable, not to him, but to the age in which he lived. He 
wrote these memoirs in the interval between the years 1698 and 1704. In a historical view, their 
authority is indubitable. It has been alluded to by Lodge, in his Irish Peerage, and as they have 
never before been printed entire, it is presumed that the present publication will furnish valuable 
hints to the national annalist, as well, as acceptable information to the northern public in general 
Copious extracts from the original MSS. of the Lords Mountalexander and of Captain George 
Montgomery, were first published in the Belfast News-Letter of the years 1785 and 1786, with the 
consent of the late Daniel Delacherois, of Donaghadee, Esq. (in whose family they had been pre- 
served), when a great portion of the Original MS. became missing, and after repeated searches to 
recover them, it was found that a copy of them had been taken, which, being traced out, was oblig- 
ingly communicated. When compared with the parts printed in 1785 and 1786, they were found 
exactly to correspond, and have been used in completing the present publication. 

* This arrangement has been only partially adopted. Editor of New Edition. 




J1EING to write of the MONTGOMERIES of Ireland (now planted therein), recourse must be 
first had to what I have credibly heard, as truth never doubted of (that my enquiry could 
find out). And secondly, to those authentick papers and parchments, which I have care- 
fully perused, and which came to my hands among those left to me by my father, many others of 
them being lost or embeazled, or burnt in Rosemount House ;3 out of the remainder whereof, or 
from such as I have seen elsewhere, relations shall be made. Thirdly, and lastly, I must, in this 

1 Manuscripts. On the title-page of the volume printed 
in 1830, it is stated that the Manuscripts contain "me- 
moirs of the first, second, and third viscounts Mont- 
gomery." There are memoirs of the first, third, and fourth 
viscounts ; but we have no notice of the second viscount, 
excepting a brief reference to his marriage, which occurs in 
the memoir of his father, and an equally short announce- 
ment of his death in the memoir of his son, the third vis- 
count, who was created first earl of Mountalexander. The 
memoir of the second viscount is probably lost, which is 
the more to be regretted, as its details were, no doubt, 
ample, the author having been both his nephew and 
son-in-law. In a MS. copy of the author's Incidentall 
Remembrances of the Two Ancient Family s of the 
Savadges, he refers to page 92 of his memoir of the 
second viscount. In the first edition, the memoir of sir 
James Montgomery, of Rosemount, has been introduced 
after that of the first viscount, although it was intended 
by the author to succeed that of the fourth viscount, 
or second earl of Mountalexander. 

It is also stated on the title-page that the author, William 
Montgomery, was "second son of sir James Montgomery." 
Although sir James \vas thrice married, the author was 
his ottly son indeed his only surviving child. His 
first wife, Catherine, who died in 1634, was a daughter 
of sir William Stewart, of Tyrone. In her Funeral Entry, 
it is stated that ' ' she had issue by the said sir James one 
son, named William, of the age of 18 months." Sir 
James Montgomery's second lady was Margaret, eldest 
daughter of sir William Cole, of Enniskillen ; and his 
third was Francesse St. Laurence, third daughter of 
Nicholas, twenty-third baron Howth. The inscription 
on the monument erected by William Montgomery, in 
Greyabbey, to his father's memory, refers to these ladies 
in the following terms, which show that they had left 
no children : " His (sir James's) other two virtuous 
ladies and their children (which died before them) lie 

buried over against this monument." The author, who 
wrote this inscription, which is now quite defaced, de- 
scribes himself as primi -uentris sola proles. Harris, An- 
tient and Present State of the County of Down, p. 51. 

2 Montgomeries. This surname is here so written accord- 
ing to a modernised orthography adopted in the first edi- 
tion, from the commencement of the volume to page 169. 
In the original manuscript, however, the plural form of 
the surname was invariably written Montgomerys, a spell- 
ing from which the author never appears to have deviated. 
In such of his manuscripts as are still preserved, the sur- 
name is always Montgomery in the singular number, and 
Montgomerys in the plural. In a letter of the author to 
his kinsman, William Montgomery, of Gransheogh, dated 
November, 1701, he says: "I wold have your son 
take notice, that our sirname, in ye pattents of our family, 
and in ye acts of parliament, both of England and Ire- 
land, and in all printed books, historys, and others, in 
our three kingdoms, (wch I can show you, ) is spelled as 
I subscribe it, as divers gentlemen of estate doe, and as 
the count Montgomery, in Normandy, did, and yet doth, 
as I have prooved in a paper I wrot to that purpose, and 
concerning ye rectifying of y e subscription of sirnames ; 
of wch many persons have heedlessly taken upon custom to 
write them ye wrong way, w c h imports an ignorance occa- 
sioned by carelessness. " In the text we have the simple but 
comprehensive title prefixed by the author to his Manuscripts. 

3 Rosemotfnt House. Rosemount is the name invariably 
used by the author to designate the family residence ad- 
joining Greyabbey. In the form of Mountross it is so 
applied in the year 1634, as appears from the Funeral 
Entry of Katherine Stewart (sir James Montgomery's first 
lady), already quoted in a preceding note. On the 2Oth 
of April, 1629, the first viscount Montgomery granted 
lands at Greyabbey to his second son, sir James; but the 
name Rosemottnt is not mentioned in this grant. On the 
igth March, 1638, sir James received a grant from the 


treatise, make use of my own certain knowledge and memory in those affairs, having had conver- 
sation or concern with most of their familys (both the dead and yet surviving of them), to whom I 
have been a contemporary within the space of above those fifty years now last past,* wherein I 
did more or less make observations as I best could, whilst I grew up in age, and acquaintance with 
them; and thus furnished, I begin this following narrative (as near as I can) according to the order 
of time, wherein the several events came to pass, the like not having been attempted that I can 
any ways learne.s Therefore, Imprimis (as in duty I am bound), with the Montgomeries of the 
great Ardes, who were the first and chiefest of all that sirname that came from Scotland, and mostly 
the procurers of other Montgomery families, and of many of divers sirnames besides them; to follow 
and plant in this kingdom, of whom the most conspicuous and powerfull, and the first introducer and 

crown of all the lands then in his possession; the lands in 
Greyabbey being erected into the manor of Rosemount, 
whilst those on the opposite side of the Lough, in the 
parishes of Killinchy and Kilmood, constituted the manor 
of Florida. In the author's Description of the Ardes (see 
p. 308, first edition), he states that the whole manor of 
Rosemount "taketh name" from the House, to which, 
therefore, the designation must have originally been applied. 
From the peculiar names of Rosemount xn& Florida, given 
by sir James Montgomery to his two manors, it is inferred 
that he had a love for flowers, and was devoted to their cul- 
ture. Mountross and Rosemount are translations of the 
Latin Mons Rosarum, and it would seem that this word, in 
some form, was a popular name for places of residence in 
Ireland as well as in Scotland. A place near Ardquin 
and Portaferry is called Mountross. There is a Rose- 
mount (formerly called Goldring), in the parish of Syming- 
ton, Ayrshire, which belonged, in the sixteenth century, 
to an old family of the Schaws. Paterson, Account of the 
Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., p. 481. It is 
curious that the motto on the town-arms of Montrose is 
mare ditat, rosa decorat, which would imply the same 
origin for this name. New Stat. Account of Forfarshire, 
pp. 271 2. Besides the Rosemount at Greyabbey, and 
another in Lower Iveagh, there are family residences of 
the same name in the counties of Antrim, Westmeath, 
Tipperary, Wexford, and Waterford. Parliamentary Ga- 
zetteer of Ireland, vol. i., p. 293 ; vol. il, pp. 26, 81, 290, 
393; vol. iii., pp. 183, 317. 

4 Now last past. The author was born at the residence 
of his grandfather Stewart, in the county of Tyrone, and 
continued to live there until the month of May, 1644, 
when he was brought to Rosemount, in the eleventh year 
of his age. " The space of above fifty years," mentioned 
in the text, was the interval between 1644 and 1697 the 
latter being the date at which the author commenced to 
compile the Montgomery Manuscripts. 

5 Any ways learne. It is supposed that there had existed 
at Eglinton Castle a MS. account of the Montgomery 
family in Scotland, which was destroyed when that old 
pile was burnt by the Cunninghams, in 1528. Our 
author's work, therefore, on this subject, is the earliest 
existing attempt to illustrate the family history, and it is 
especially valuable, because treating of persons who came 
within the reach of his personal knowledge, and events 
that had occurred during the period of his own life. 
Since these memoirs were written, the following compila- 

tions have been macle, intended by their authors chiefly 
to illustrate the genealogical history of the Montgo- 
merys : I. Hugh Montgomerie, of Broomlands, in the 
parish of Irvine, compiled, prior to the year 1760, what 
is known as the Broomlands Manuscript, containing re- 
cords of the Montgomery family from an early period. 
The author of this work, which is still in MS., died in 
1766, aged eighty years. 2. John Hamilton Mont- 
gomery, of Barnahill, in the county of Ayr, who was cap- 
tain in the 76th regiment, wrote a Genealogy of the Family 
of Montgomery, compiled from various authorities, which 
also remains in manuscript. Paterson, Account of the 
Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., p. 229, note. 
3. Mrs. E. G. S. Reilly printed for private circulation, in 
1842, A Genealogical History of the Family of Montgomery, 
comprising the lines of Eglinton and Braidstane in Scot- 
land, and Mount- Alexander and Grey- Abbey in Ireland. 
This lady was the daughter of the Rev. Hugh Mont- 
gomery, of Rosemount, who died in 1815, and a descen- 
dant, through John of Gransheogh, in common with the 
author of the Montgomery Manuscripts, in the Braidstane 
line. 4. William Anderson printed, at Edinburgh, in 
1859, A Genealogical Account of the Family of Mont- 
gomerie, formerly of Brigend of Doon, Ayrshire, male and 
lineal representative of the ancient and noble families of 
Eglinton and Lyle. This account commences only with 
the commencement of the sixteenth century. 5. James 
Fraser published, at Edinburgh, in 1859, two volumes, 
4to, entitled, Memorials of the Montgomeries Earls of 
Eglinton. This is a most valuable work, principally be- 
cause in it are printed many original letters, charters, 
and marriage contracts. The letters contain much im- 
portant information on public as well as family affairs, 
between the years 1 1 70 and 1 728. 6. Thomas Harrison 
Montgomery published, at Philadelphia, in 1863, A Genea- 
logical History of the Family of Montgomery, including the 
Montgomery Pedigree, a work which contains much in- 
formation respecting the families of this surname who emi- 
grated to the United States. In his preface, the author 
says : " Many years ago, my attention was drawn to the 
examination of records and doings of the generations of 
the Montgomerys, immediately preceding that one which 
came to America. This was due chiefly to the perusal 
of documents and papers brought from Scotland to this 
country by the first one of the family who crossed the 
o'cean. William Montgomery, of Brigend, now more 
than one hundred and sixty years ago, came with his wife 


encourager was Hugh Montgomery, the 6th Laird 6 of Braidstane,? whose genealogy is as next followeth, 
viz. The said Hugh was the eldest son of Adam (the second of that name), the fifth Laird, who 
married the daughter of Montgomery, Laird Haislhead 8 (an ancient family, descended of the Earls 
of Eglintoune).9 This second Adam (besides breeding his four sons) purchased land from one of 
the said Earles (I have the deed thereof); which Adam was the eldest son of Adam (the first Mont- 
gomery of that name), and 4th Laird of Braidstane. This Adam married Colquhoun's sister, the 

and children, and settled in the province of East New 
Jersey, on the lands of his father-in-law, who was one of 
its largest proprietors. He brought, with much care, 
many valuable manuscripts relating to his ancestry, the 
majority of which are preserved by his representative at 
this day ; many are undoubtedly missing, as no special 
attention seemed to be paid to their preservation by his 
descendants, until within the last thirty years." 

6 The sixth Laird. Hugh Montgomery, who after- 
wards became first viscount Montgomery of the Great 
Ards, is here and in other portions of these Memoirs 
styled sixth laird of Braidstane. On the authority of 
the Broomlands Mamtscript, he has been represented by 
Scottish genealogists as the seventh Laird. But Mr. 
Paterson, in his admirable Account of the Parishes and 
Families of Ayrshire, admits (vol. i., p. 280) that the 
author of the Broomlands Manuscript " only states the 
origin, and a few of the most prominent facts in the 
descent of the families of Braidstane, Hessilhead, and 
Skelmorlie." Our author, William Montgomery, was 
grandson of the person whom he invariably styles sixth 
laird of Braidstane, and he is not likely to have been 
mistaken in a matter respecting which he had the best 
means of being accurately informed. 

7 Braidstane. The ancient lordship of Braidstane, in 
the bailliary of Kyle, county of Ayr, was possessed by an 
influential branch of the Montgomery family from 1452 
to 1650. The founder of this branch was Robert Mont- 
gomerie, second son of Alexander, master of Mont- 
gomerie, and grandson of Alexander, first lord Mont- 
gomerie, from whom this Robert received a grant of the 
lands of Braidstane in 1452, the year of his father's 
death. His son, also named Robert, obtained a re-grant 
of the estate from his uncle, the second lord Montgo- 
merie, in 1468. In 1478, Robert Mungumery of Brad- 
stan, witnessed a grant from Alexander, first lord Home, 
to Thomas Home, of the frank tenement of the lands of 
Castiltowne. In the same year, he is also a witness to an 
Instrument of Delivery of forty-eight cows, by the pro- 
curator for Alexander, lord Home, and Margaret, his 
spouse, to Thomas Home, their son. Robert's son, 
Alexander Montgomery of Bradstan, was one of thirteen 
commissioners who held an Inquisition on the lands of 
Giffen, in Beith, on the 26th of November, 1501. The 
author, William Montgomery, states that Robert, not 
Alexander, was third laird. The same gentleman was 
one of a commission appointed in 1515, to hold an In- 
quisition on the lands of Pottarstown and Dyconisbank. 
In 1561, there was a Revocation by Hugh, third earl of 
Eglintoun, of charters granted, and acts done by him in 
his minority. Among other lands temporarily affected 
by this Revocation were those of Braidstane, which, how- 
ever, were soon afterwards re-granted to the family repre- 
sentative, and held by his descendants until 1650, when 

they were sold to sir John Shaw of Greenock, by the 
third viscount Montgomery of the Ards. Until the middle 
of the seventeenth century, the parish of Beith, in which 
these lands are situated, consisted of two divisions, known 
as the lordship of Braidstane and the lordship of Giffen, 
but, in the year 1649, about 500 acres were annexed to 
Beith from an adjoining parish, to suit certain presbyterial 
arrangements adopted by the Synod of Glasgow. 
Fraser, Memorials of Montgomeries Earls of Eglinton, 
vol. ii., pp. 35, 42, 62, 81, 116; Paterson, Account of 
the Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i., p. 279. 

8 Laird Haislhead. The mother of the first viscount 
Montgomery of the Ards was daughter of John Mont- 
gomery, fourth laird of Hessilhead or Hazlehead. The 
estate so called was a part of the barony or lordship of 
Giffen, in the parish of Beith ; and the first laird of 
Hazlehead was a younger brother of the first laird of 
Braidstane, being Hugh, third son of Alexander, master 
of Montgomery. In 1521, there is a discharge from 
Hugh Mungumery of Heslet, to John Maxwell of Pollok. 
In 1560, Hew Mungumery of Hessilheide, is one of the 
witnesses to a contract between Robert, lord Boyde, and 
Neil Mungumery of Langschaw, at Glesgu (Glasgow). 
In 1562, Hew Montgomerie of Hessilheid, signed the 
" Band subscrivet be the Noblemen and Gentrie of Kyll 
(Kyle), Carricke, and Cunninghame, for mentinence of 
religion." The same laird witnessed, in the following 
year, signing himself Hugo Montgumery de Heslheide, an 
Instrument of Assignation by Hugh, third earl of Eglin- 
toun, to Robert, lord Boyde, of the bailliary of the 
canon lands in Cunninghame. In 1565, a Remission is 
given by Henry Darnley, king of Scots, to Archibald, 
earl of Ergyll, and others, among whom was Hugh 
Mungumery of Heslait. In 1576, Hew Montgomery of 
Hesilheid, was witness to a contract of marriage between 
Hugh, master of Eglinton, afterwards fourth earl, and 
Gelis Boyd, daughter of Robert, lord Boyd. In 1582, 
Hew Montgomerie of Hessilheid, was one of the securi- 
ties, in a bond of marriage, between Robert, master of 
Setoun, and Margaret Montgomerie, daughter of Hugh, 
third earl of Eglinton. In 1589, Hew Montgomery of 
Hessilheid, witnessed an Assignation and Disposition by 
Robert, master of Eglintun, to Robert Montgomery of 
Skelmorlie, in the name and behalf of Jeane Montgomerie, 
his sister, of the gift of Robert Montgomerie's marriage 
for 1000 merks. Fraser, Memorials, vol. ii., pp. 93, 

!57> I93> 200 > 2I 5> 222 > 22 9- 

y Earls of Eglintoune. The first laird of Hazlehead 
was uncle to the first earl of Eglinton, the two families 
thus being closely allied, and derived from a common 
stock ; but the Hazlehead branch could not be truly de- 
scribed as descended from any earl of Eglinton, although 
it sprung from the Montgomerys of Eglinton, which is 
probably what the author meant to express. 


Laird of Luss 10 (chief of his ancient sept). This Adam the first (last mentioned) was son to Robert, 
the 3d Laird of that name, who was the son of Robert, the 2d Laird of that name, who was the son 
of Robert, the ist of that name, and ist Laird of Braidstane, who was the 2d son of Alexander, 
one of the Earles of Eglingtoune, 11 all of them Montgomeries; which Earles are (in a little book 
called Indiculum Scotiae, or the present state of Scotland, written by A. M., 12 in Anno, 1682,) placed 
the nth in that degree of nobility, which agrees with the list next spoken of, tho' in King Charles 
the Martyr's reign, rivalled (as I have heard said), for precedency, by the Conninghams, Earles of 
Glencairne;^ whom I find by an antient list (of the Scottish Peers) written in King James the 6th 

10 Laird of Luss. Genealogists derive the name and 
family of Colquhoun from Galgacus, the Caledonian gene- 
ral, who gallantly resisted the Roman legions under Agri- 
cola. But, without the aid of legends or traditions, it can 
be shown from documentary evidence that the Colquhouns 
are a very old family. Originally, or rather when first 
known, there were three branches, those of Colquhoun, 
Kilpatrick, and Luss, who held a large part of Dumbar- 
tonshire by charters from the crown. These gradually 
merged into the one family of Luss, by marriage, succes- 
sion, or otherwise ; and it is in connexion with this dis- 
trict that the Colquhouns are known from the commence- 
ment of the fourteenth century. In 1316, Robert Bruce 
confirmed to John De Luss, knight, a charter from Mal- 
colm, earl of Lennox, in which he granted, for the honour 
of his patron, the most holy St. Kessog, to his beloved 
and faithful bachelor, sir John of Luss, freedom from exac- 
tions for the royal household, during the King's progresses 
within the lands of Luss, and exemption from appearing 
as witnesses before the King's Justiciar. An Indenture 
made at Dumbarton, on the i8th of December, 1400, is 
witnessed by Vmfray Colquhcnvne ; and another made at 
Balloch, on the i8th October, 1405, is witnessed by Vmfry 
of Colqwhone, lord of Luss. Between 1426 and 1432, John 
Cameron, bishop of Glasgow, erected the church of Luss 
into a prebend of his cathedral, with consent of John de 
Collequhone, lord of Luss. James III. granted to sir John 
Culquhone of Lusse, about .the year 1474, the lands of 
Strone, Kilmone, Invercapill, and Cayvelad, in Ergill. 
In 1497, John Colquhone of Luss, sold to Archibald, earl 
of Ergill (Argyle), a part of the territory of Inverquhapill, 
held by the Keeper of the Staff of St. Munde. The 
tenure of this land, held in right of the custody of St. 
Munde's crozier, is curious, but not singular, as similar 
tenures existed in Glendochart and Lismore. Origines 
Parochiales Scotia, vol. i., pp. 30, 5 2 , and vol. ii., pp. 
72, 73. The Colquhouns are still the leading race in 
Luss, having survived through many vicissitudes, which 
would probably have overwhelmed most other fami- 
lies. Their native district, which lies on the banks of 
Loch Lomond, and comprehends Glendouglas, Glenluss, 
and Glenfruin, has always been celebrated for the pictur- 
esque beauty of its scenery. It is also rich in historical 
associations ; and the ruins at Banochar, Inchgalbraith, 
and Rossdhu, are evidences of its territorial importance at 
an early period. The famous clan-battle of Glenfruin, 
between the Colquhouns and Macgregors, in 1602, is a 
comparatively modern event in the history of the district. 
Archteologia Scotica, vol. iv., p. 153 ; Proceedings of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. i., p. 142. In the 
Funeral Entry of the first viscount Ards, his grandmother 

is stated to have been a daughter of "JerviceColchoune, Esq., 
of Lusk, in the county of Kerry." It thus appears that the 
laird of Luss owned lands in Ireland, which he had named 
after his Scottish property, a custom usual at the period. 
11 One of the earls of Eglingtoune. In the Funeral Entry 
referred to in the preceding note, it is also stated that 
Robert Montgomery, first laird of Braidstane, was a son 
of the first earl of Eglinton. This statement was supplied 
to the Herald's Office by the second viscount Ards, and was 
evidently accepted by that branch of the family as correct. 
But, in truth, the first laird of Braidstane, instead of being 
son of ' ' one of the carles of Eglingtoune, " was unclt to Hugh 
Montgomery, created first earl of Eglinton in the year 1506. 
The mistake of supposing that the first laird of Braidstane 
was a son of one of the earls, and that the first laird of 
Hazlehead was a descendant, when in fact they were both 
uncles of the first earl, is remarkable, and no doubt arose 
from the uncertainty of the date on which the earldom was 
created. Paterson, Account of the Parishes and Families 
of Ayrshire, vol. ii. , pp. 233, 234, conjectures that the 
Eglinton Peerage was created so early as 1445 ; but 
Eraser, Memorials, vol. i., p. 28, thinks that the creation 
must have taken place between the 3rd and 2Oth of 
January, 1506. We are disposed to believe, however, that 
the author's words, when speaking of the Braidstane and 
Hazlehead descent, have been incorrectly given in the 
printed Manuscripts* This suspicion is strengthened by 
another document left by the author. In a pedigree of the 
descent of Gransheogh from the Braidstane family, given 
on the dexter side of the coat of arms of William Mont- 
gomery of Gransheogh and Mary M'Gill his wife, 
the author says "the first of which lairds (of Braidstane) 
was second brother of Alexander, earl of Eglinton's 
ancestor, the laird of Ardrossan. MS. Note of Col. Francis 
0. Montgomery. Thus William Montgomery, in the docu- 
ment above-named, which will be printed "in its proper 
place, clearly states that the first laird of Braidstane was 
second brother of that Alexander, who was in reality 
father of the first earl of Eglinton. 

12 Written by A. M. A. M. are probably the initials 
of some Alexander Montgomery, who compiled the 
Indicuhim Scotia, containing, among other matters, a list 
of the Scottish earls according to the order of precedency. 

13 Earls of Glencairne. The contest for precedency 
between the earls of Eglinton and Glencairn was fre- 
quently a subject of discussion in the Scottish Privy 
Council and Parliament. Sir Alexander Cunningham, 
lord Kilmaurs, was created first earl of Glencairn by James 
III., in May, 1488 ; but both the king and the newly- 
created earl were slain in a battle near Stirling, in the 
month of June following. James's successor immediately 


his time, left to me by my father (who was expert in the heraldry of both kingdoms, having given 
me Guillim's book 1 * and some notes of his own of that science), I say I find by the said list (now 
by me), that Glencairne was but the isth Earle, yet at this present time, and many years before 
it, he might arrive to be i2th, and so next after Eglintoun the said list runs thus, viz. : 

The Sirnames, Earles of The Titles as followet/i. 

1. Duglas Angus. 

2. Campbell Argyle. 

3. Lindsay Crawford. 

4. Hay Errol. 

5. Keith > . . . .Marreshall. 

6. Gordon Southerland. 

7. Ai reskin Marr. 

8. Lesley , Rothes. 

9. Duglas Mortoun. 

The Sirnames, Earles of The Titles as followetk. 

10. Graham Monteith. 

11. Montgomery Eglintoun. 

Graham Montrosse. 

Kennedy Cassills. 

Sinclair Caithness. 

15. *Conyngham Glencairne. 

Arreskin Buchan. 

&c., to ye No. of thirty in all. 
* Precedency of Eglintoune' 15 

issued a proclamation which was afterwards embodied in 
an Act of Parliament, annulling all grants and dignities 
conferred by the late king, from the month of January 
preceding. The title of Glencairn, therefore, remained in 
abeyance until the time of William Cunningham, the eighth 
in descent from sir Alexander, when Charles I., in the 
year 1637, granted a revival and confirmation of the 
original patent ofi488, "Inthe long interval between these 
two dates, the earls of Glencairn made many protests in the 
sittings of Parliament in reference to precedency, arising 
out of this hiatus between the two patents. In 1606, the 
earls of Eglinton and Cassilis obtained a decree of the 
Privy Council, preferring them in the order of Parliament ; 
but in 1609, the earl of Glencairn obtained a decree of the 
Court of Session, annulling that preference." Paterson, 
Account of the Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii. , 
pp. 214, 215 and note. All disputes on this question of 
precedency among the nobility are determined by an 
appeal to the College of Arms, and the decisions are 
accepted as being founded on the authority of certain 
statutes enacted for the regulations of such disputes. 

14 Guillinfs book. " Guillim's book" is still considered 
the best book on Heraldry ever written in the English 
language. The first edition, folio, was published in 1610; 
the second in 1632, folio ; the third in 1638, folio ; the 
fourth in 1660, folio ; the fifth in 1679, folio ; and the 
sixth, with large additions, in 1742, folio. LmundJs 
Bibliographer's Manual. In connexion with the history 
of this remarkable book, the following extract informs us 
of a curious fact : : "This book being mostly com- 
posed in his (Barkham's or Barcham's) younger years, 
he deemed it too light a subject for him to own, being 
then (at the date of its publication in 1510) a grave divine, 
chaplain to an archbishop, and not unlikely a dean. 
Whereupon being well acquainted with John Guillim, an 
officer of Arms, he gave him the copy, who, adding some 
trivial things to it, published it, with leave from the author, 
under his own name, and it goeth to this day under the 
name of Guillim's Heraldry." Anthony a Wood's 
AthencB Oxonienses, as quoted in Allibone's Critical 
Dictionary, vol. i., p. 116. 

15 Precedency of Eglintoune. The following is a list of 
Scottish earls, printed in 1603, and extracted from a rare 

book (only two perfect copies of which are supposed to 
exist), entitled Certayne Matters Concerninge the Realme 
of Scotland, composed together as they were, Anno Domini, 
I 597- This list forms a curious record of the Scottish 
nobility at the period to which it refers, presenting, as it 
does, their surnames, titles of honour, marriage connexions, 
and principal residences. Its author, whoever he may 
have been, gives Glencairn precedence of Eglinton, the 
former occupying the I2th, and the latter the I3th place : 

" i James Hammilton, Earle of Arran, unmarried : his chiefe 
house, Hammilton Castle. 

"2 William Dowglasse, Earle of Angusse, married the eldest 
daughter of Lawrence, now Lord Olephant : his chiefe house, the 
Castell of Dowglasse. 

" 3 George Gordon, Earle of Huntley, married the eldest sister of 
Lodovicke, now D. of Lennox : his chiefe house, Strath-bogy. 

" 4 Colone Campbell, Earle of Argyle, Lord-Justice-Generall of 
Scotland, married a daughter of William Dowglasse, now Earle of 
Morton : his chiefe house, Inuer-aray. 

" 5 Daiiid Lindsay, Earle of Craiifurd, married the sister of 
Patricks, now Lord Drummond : his chiefe house, Fyn-heauin. 

" 6 f rands Hay, Earle of Arr&ll, Constable of Scotland, 
married the daughter of William, Earl of Morton : his chiefe house, 

"7 John Stewart, Earle of Athott, married the sister of John, 
Earle of Cowry: his chiefe house, Blayre-A thole. 

" 8 George Keyth, Earle of Marshell, married the sister of Alex- 
ander, Lord Home : his chiefe house, Dunnotter Castell. 

" 9 Francis Steward, Earle Bothwell, married the sister of 
Archbald, Earle of Angus : his chiefe house, Creichton. 

" 10 Andrew Leisly, Earle of Rothes, married the daughter of 
Sir James Hamilton: his chiefe house, Bambreich. 

" ii James Stewart, Earle of Murrey, unmarried, his chiefe 
house, Tarneway. 

" 12 Alexander Cunningham, Earle of Glencarne, married the 
eldest sister of Campbell of Glenorchy, Knight : his chiefe house, 

"13 Hugh Mont-gomery, Earle of Eglinton, yong, unmarried: 
his chiefe house, Ardrossan. 

"14 John Kennedy, Earle of Cassilis, unmarried : his chiefe 
house, Dun-vre. 

" 15 John Grahame, Earle of Montroze, married the sister of Pat- 
ricke. Lord Drummond, that now is : his chiefe house, Kincardin. 

" 16 Patrik Stewart, Earle of Orknay, yong, unmarried : his 
chiefe house, Kirk-wall. 

"17 John Erskin, Earle of Mar, married the second sister of 
Lodovicke, now D. of Lennox : his chiefe house, Erskin. 

" 18 William Dowglasse, Earle of Morion, married the sister of the 
Earle of Rothes, that now is : his chiefe house, the Castle oiDalkeith. 

" 19 James Dowglasse, Earle of Buquhan, yong, unmarried : his 
chiefe house, Attchter-House. 


Since the said King James his time of living in Scotland, when he went into England, he 
created (by advancement) divers Lords to be Earles, 16 as also did King Charles the ist and 2d. 
There were likewise divers carles, as Argyle and Montrose, advanced to be Marquises. The old 
Earldomes of Rothes, Southerland, and Monteith, are also extinct for want of male heires, by which 
events, it seems to me, that Eglintoun should have the 7th place among the Earles, and Glencairne 
the 9th, unless by special grants (in the letters patent) others, now at present earls, had prece- 
dency given them, being favourites; but as the precedency of Eglintoun was complained of by 
Glencairne, the debate might have been occasioned thus, viz., one of the carles of Eglintoun, I 
think that Hugh who was insidiously slain at the river of Annock; 1 ? 2d Adam, Laird of Braidstane, 

" 20 George Sinclair, Earl of Caithnes, married the sister of the 
Earle of Huntley that now is : his chiefe house, Gimego. 

"21 Alexander Gordon, Earle of Sutherlandt, married the 
father's sister of the Earle of Huntley that now is : his chiefe house, 

"22 John Grayme, Earle of Monteith, married the sister of 
Campbell of Glenorchy, Knight : his chiefe house, Kirk-bryde. 

" 23 John Ruthvene, Earl of Gowry, yong, unmarried : his chiefe 
house, Ruthven. 

" 24 The Earle of March. The rents thereof are annexed to the 

16 Divers Lords to be Earles. " The 4 of Marche, this 
yeire (1605), Alexander Settone, Lord Fynie, was created 
Earle of Dumferlinge; Alexander, Lord Home, was created 
Earle of Home: and James, Lord Drummond, was created 
Earle of Perth, with grate solemnitey. Eache of them 
had 4 knights." Sir James Balfour, Annals of Scotland, 
vol. ii., p. 5. Among the creations of Charles L, on his 
visit to Scotland soon after his accession, were the follow- 
ing, made, says Balfour, " to honour his coronation, first 
parliament, and place of his birth :" " George Hay, 
Viscount Duplaine, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, created 
Earle of Kinnoul ; William Crighton, Viscount of Aire, 
Lord Sanquhare, created Earle of Dumfries; William 
Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrick, created Earle of Queens- 
burrey; William Alexander, Viscount Canada, Lord 
Alexander of Menstrie, Principal Secretary to His Ma- 
jesty for Scotland, created Earle of Streueling; John Bruce, 
Lord Kilross, created Earle of Elgyne ; David, Lord 
Carnegie, created Earle of Southescke; John Stewarte, 
Lord Traquare, created Earle of Traquare; Sir Robert 
Ker, created Earle of Ancrum; John, Lord Wymees, 
created Earle of Wymees; and William Ramsay, Lord 
Ramsay, created Earle of Ramsay." Balfour, Annals 
of Scotland, vol. ii. , p. 202. 

17 The river Annock. Hugh Montgomery, fourth earl 
of Eglinton, was assassinated by the Cunninghams at the 
ford of Annock, a small stream which flows from the White 
Loch in the parish of Mearns, forms the western boundary 
of the parish of Dreghorn, separates the latter from the 
parish of Irvine, and falls into the river Irvine at Stewar- 
ton. The atrocities of the well-known feud between the 
Montgomerys and Cunninghams appear to have culminated 
in the murder of the nobleman above-named. The best 
account of this assassination and its bloody consequences 
is preserved in a MS. History of the Eglinton Family, 
from which the following extract is quoted by Paterson, 
Account of the Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i., 
p. 88 : " The principal perpetrators of this foul deed were 
John Cunningham, brother of the Earl of Glencairn ; 
David Cunningham, of Robertland; Alexander Cunning- 

ham, of Corsehill ; Alexander Cunningham, of Aiket ; 
and John Cunningham, of Clonbeith. The good earl, 
apprehending no danger from any quarter, set out on the 
igth of April, 1586, from his own house of Eglinton, to- 
wards Stirling, where the Court then remained, in a quiet 
and peaceable manner, having none in his retinue but his 
own domestics, and called at the Langschaw, where he 
staid so long as to dine. How the wicked crew, his mur- 
derers, got notice of his being there, I cannot positively 
say. It is reported, but I cannot aver it for truth, that the 
Lady Langschaw, Margaret Cunningham, who was a 
daughter of the house of Aiket (others say it was a servant 
who was a Cunningham), went up to the battlement of the 
house, and hung over a white table napkin as a signal to 
the Cunninghams, most of whom lived within sight of the 
house of Langschaw, which was the sign agreed should 
be given when the Earl of Eglinton was there. Upon that 
the Cunninghams assembled to the number of thretie-four, 
or thereby, in a warlike manner, as if they had been to 
attack or defend themselves from an enemy, and concealed 
themselves in a low ground near the bridge of Annock, 
where they knew the earl was to pass; secure, as he appre- 
hended, from every danger ; when, alace ! all of a sudden, 
the whole bloody gang set upon the earl and his small 
company, some of whom they hewed to pieces, and John 
Cunningham of Clonbeith, came up with a pistol, and shot 
the earl dead on the place. The horror of the fact struck 
everybody with amazement and consternation, and all the 
country ran to arms, either on the one side or other, so 
that for some time there was a scene of bloodshed and 
murder in the West that had never been known before. 
. The friends of the family of Eglintoun flocked to 
the master of Eglintoun, his brother, to assist in revenging 
his brother's death, from all quarters; and in the heat of 
their resentment killed every Cunningham without dis- 
tinction they could come by, or even so much as met with 
on the highways, or living peaceably in their own houses. 
It would make a little volume to mention all the bloodshed 
and murders that were committed on this doolful occasion, 
in the shire of Renfrew and bailiewick of Cunningham. 
Aiket, one of the principal persons concerned, was shot 
near his own house; Robertland and Corsehill escaped. 
Robertland got beyond the seas to Denmark, and got his 
peace made by means of Queen Ann of Denmark, when 
she was married to King James VI. Clonbeith, who had 
actually embued his hand in the earl's blood, and shot him 
with his own hands, was, by a select company of the friends 
of the family of Eglinton, with the master at their head, 
hotly pursued. He got to Hamilton, and (they) getting 


and was purchased from him A.D. i586 l8 (as hath been mentioned out of John Johnston's book 1 ? 
of Encomiums on the Scottish heroes aforesaid), and his brother Robert dying A.D. 1596, both 
without male issue to inherit the honour and title of Earl, the same being extinct (or asleep) for 
divers years; nevertheless, the said Hugh left one only daughter, who succeeded him in the estate. 
This lady was marry'd to Seaton, Earl of Winton the zoth, according to the said list in that de- 
gree, and was his 2nd Countess. She bore to him Alexander, restored to his honour and degree, 
which had always been prior to Glencairne. 20 

I well knew this Alexander (he was commonly called Grey Steel 21 for his truth and courage) 

notice of the house to which it was suspected he had fled, 
it was beset and environed, and John Pollock of that Ilk 
a bold, daring man, who was son-in-law of the house of 
Langschaw at that time in a fury of passion and revenge, 
found him out within a chimney. How soon he was 
brought down, they cut him to pieces on the very spot. 
The resentment went so very high against every one that 
was suspected to have any the least accession to this hor- 
rid bloody fact, that the Lady Langschaw, that was a Cun- 
ningham of the house of Aiket, was forced, for the security 
of her person and the safety of her life to abscond. It was 
given out that she was gone over to Ireland ; but she was 
concealed in the house of one Robert Barr, at Pearce Bank, 
a tenant and feuar of her husband's, for many years. But 
before her death, she was overlookt, and returned to her 
own house, which was connived at; but never durst present 
herself to any Montgomerie ever after that. This is a 
genuine account of this long lasting and bloody feud, and 
it is nowhere else extant, in all it cirumstances, but in this 

18 A.D. 1586. There is here evidently a gap in what 
the author had originally written. The date 1586 is that 
of the murder at the Ford of Annock above-mentioned, 
which occurred on the i8th of April in that year. Mrs. 
E. G. S. Reilly, at p. 20 of her Genealogical History, states 
that the event occurred on the igth ; T. Harrison Mont- 
gomery, Genealogical History, p. 61, mentions the I2th of 
April as the date ; while Fraser, Memorials, vol. i. , p. 49, 
agrees with the author of the Montgomery Manuscripts in 
placing it on the i8th. See first edition, p. 92. 

19 John Johnstoifs book. John Johnson, or Johnston, 
of Aberdeen, published a volume of excellent poems, en- 
titled Heroes ex otnni Historia Scotica Lectissimi, 4to, 
Lugd. Batav., 1603. His "Encomiums on the Scottish 
Heroes" commence with Fer chard, who lived at the 
close of the third century, and end with an account of 
the valorous Scottishmen who fell in the civil wars of 
the Netherlands, during the author's own time. To each 
poem he prefixed a short history of the hero therein cele- 
brated, which added very much to the interest of the 
general work. Nicolson, Scottish 'Historical Library, 
fol., 1786, p. 20. 

20 Prior to Glencairne. The author had here entered 
into a somewhat lengthened statement of the cause or 
causes which induced the earl of Glencairn to dispute the 
precedency with the earl of Eglinton ; but a portion of 
this statement is evidently wanting, and what remains, re- 
ferring to the family of the fourth earl, is as evidently un- 
founded, if, indeed, we have his words correctly given, 
which is very doubtful. Hugh, slain at Annock, was 
fourth Hugh in succession, and fourth earl ; by his death, 

and that of his brother Robert, the title could not have 
become "extinct," or "asleep," for Hugh, the fourth 
earl, left a son also named Hugh, the fifth earl. The 
latter married his cousin-german, Margaret, daughter of 
his uncle Robert, master of Giffen ; but having no issue, 
he, Hugh, fifth earl, settled his estates on Alexander, son 
of his aunt Margaret, countess of Wintoun, and by charter 
had the titles so settled on him also, with former prece- 
dency. The author supposes that Margaret, countess of 
Wintoun, was daughter of the fourth earl of Eglinton ; 
but she was daughter of the third earl, and sister of the 
fourth earl slain at Annock. These transactions are so 
well known, that (provided the author's statement be cor- 
rectly given) his confounding the families of the third and 
fourth earl cannot be easily accounted for. MS. Notes of 
Col. F. O. Montgomery. Lady Margaret Montgomerie, 
who became countess of Wintoun, was celebrated for her 
great beauty and amiability, her charms forming the theme 
of many of the effusions of her cousin, Alexander Mont- 
gomery, the poet. Her son, Alexander Seton, who suc- 
ceeded to the earldom of Eglinton in 1615, took with that 
title the name and arms of Montgomery. James VI. 
ordered the Scottish Privy Council to forbid him using the 
title of earl of Eglinton, as he was not the heir-male of 
that family. The Council summoned him as Mr. Alexander 
Seton, but he refused to appear by that title, stating that 
he had been served heir to the estates and titles of the 
late earl. But, besides denying him the title, the Court 
attempted to deprive him of the more substantial rights of 
property, by conferring the lordship of Kilwinning, which 
belonged to the late earl, on sir Michael Balfour of Bur- 
leigh. After repeatedly remonstrating against this injus- 
tice, the sixth earl appeared suddenly before Somerset, 
the king's chief favourite, telling him that, although he 
(Eglinton) was little skilled in the subtleties of law, or the 
niceties of court etiquette, ht knew the use of his sword. 
After that interview, Seton's rights of property and claims 
to the title were quickly and fully acknowledged by the 
king. Paterson, Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. 
ii., p. 237; Fraser, Memorials, vol. i., p. 61. 

21 Grey Steel. Family tradition affirms that the sixth 
earl of Eglinton obtained this epithet, not so much from 
the colour of his armour, as from his well-known readiness 
to appeal to the arbitrament of the sword in the settle- 
ment of all weighty disputes, public or private. He is the 
greatest, -and certainly the most historical, of all the earls 
belonging to his family, with, perhaps, the exception of 
the first lord Eglinton. Of him (Greysteel) there is the 
following notice in the Broomlands MS.: "This earl 
was among the number of those peers who engaged them- 
selves against the king (Charles I.) in the year 1638, upon 



in King Charles the ad's "time; as also I was intimately acquainted with Hugh, his eldest son, 22 
who succeeded him, as I had been in Ireland with Colonel James, 2 3 the said Alexander's 2d son, 
whoseregiment of foot came over into thiskingdom with the Scottish army Ao. i642,and was quartered 
in and about Newtown of the Ards. I knew also Major-Gen eral Robert Montgomery, the said 
Alexander's 3d son, 2 4 in Scotland, before Dunbarr fight, 2 s and in London also, Ano. 1665; but most 
of all I am known to Alexander, the present Earle of Eglinton, 26 having often many years ago con- 

the first commencing of our bloody civil war. He had 
the command of a regiment of the army that was sent to 
Ireland in the year 1642, towards the suppressing of the 
rebellion there. He was likewise personally engaged in 
the battle of Long-Marston-Moor, which was in the year 
1643, in the service of the parliament of England against 
the king, where he behaved with abundance of courage ; 
yet his lordship still retained a respect and affection for 
his majesty's person, and no man more abominated the 
murder of the king than he. He heartily concurred in, 
and was extremely satisfied with, the restoration of King 
Charles the Second, by whom he was constituted captain 
of his guards of horse, in the year 1650; and next year, 
while he was raising forces in the western parts for the 
king's services, he was surprised at Dumbarton by a party 
of English horse, and sent prisoner to the town of Hull, 
and afterwards returned to Berwick-on-Tweed, suffering 
likewise the sequestration of his estate, till the Restoration 
reponed in the year 1660. He died in 1661: by his first 
wife, lady Ann Livingston, who died in 1632, he had five 
sons; by his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Walter, 
lord Buccleugh, who died in 1651, he had no issue." 
Paterson, Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., p. 


^ Hugh, his eldest son. This Hugh was born in 1613, 
succeeded his father, as seventh earl of Eglinton in 1661, 
and died in 1669, aged fifty-six years. 

23 Colonel James. This was the fourth son of the sixth 
earl of Eglinton, and the founder of the Coilsfield branch. 
He died in 1674. His great grandson, Hugh Mont- 
gomery, became twelfth earl of Eglinton, on the death of 
his cousin Archibald, the eleventh earl, without issue, in 
1796. This Hugh had, previously to his succession to 
the earldom, been a captain in the 78th foot, and served 
in the American war. In 1780, he was elected member 
of parliament for Ayrshire, and was re-elected in 1 784. 
The poet Burns complimented his gallantry at the expense 
of his oratory, in the following lines of his Earnest Cry 
and Prayer to the Scottish Representatives : 

" See, Sodger Hugh, my watchman stented, 
If bardies e'er are represented ; 
I ken that if your sword were wanted, 

Ye'd lend a hand, 
But, when there's ought to say anent it, 

Ye're at a stand." 

Fraser, Memorials, vol. i., p. 132, note; Chambers, 
Life and Works of 'Robert Burns, vol. i., p. 206. 

24 Said Alexander's third son. The names of the sixth 
earl's sons were : I, Hugh, his successor in the earldom ; 
2, sir Henry, who died in 1644 ; 3, sir Alexander; 4, James 
of Coilsfield ; and 5, Robert, a well-known general in the 
army, who died in 1684. James, the founder of the Coils- 
field Montgomerys, was not the second son of the sixth 
earl, as represented in the text, but the fourth son ; and 
Robert was \bsfifth, not the third son, as the author as- 

serts. Sir Alexander Montgomery, the third son, died at 
Newtown, in July, 1642. There is preserved, at Eglinton 
Castle, the following Just account of the moneys that was 
found in sir Alexander Montgomery's tronk and purses, in 
presence of my lord of Ardes and the said sir Alexander's 
two brethren, at Newtown, the $th day of August, 1642 : 

" Imprimis, of tuentie tuo shillings peeces threescore and eight. 

" Item, of tuentie shilling peeces nyneteene. 

" Item, one ten shilling peece one. 

" Item, another peece of gold with a crosse and foure crounes vpon 
the one syde. 

" Item, of English moneys, eight pounds five shillings two pence 
sterling, and 8 Scotts pennyes. 

" Item, three gold woups (rings) one of them being set in rubies. 

" Item, tuo silver casketts and an etuy. 

" Item, a mounter. 

" Depursed out of the moneys and gold abovewritten. 

" Imprimis, of the English money abovewritten, the whole thereof 
is delivered equallie to captaine James and captaine Robert betwixt 

" Item, deliuered to them of the gold abovewritten, to either of 
them a tuentie shillings peece. 

Item, to William Shaw, by a particular accompt, delivered to 
William Hoome for things bought for the funerall, elleven pounds 
ten shillings tuo pence ster. 

" Item, delivered to William Seton, which he gave out at theColo- 
nell's direction, as appears by the particular accompt thereof, fifteene 
shillings and three pence sterling. 

" Item, to the tuo footemen, seventeene shillings and sex pence 
sterling the peece, which pays their dyet till Tuesday next, being the 
ninth day of this instant August. 

" Item, to John Peebles for some accompts which was resting to 
him, and for his dyet till Tuesday next, tuentie foure shillings and 
elleven pence sterling. 

" Item, to my Lord of Ardes' servants of the house, tuo pounds 
fifteene shillings ster. 

" Summa of the depursements abovewritten is aSlbs. 55. 6d. ster- 

" Item, to the young man that doubled these accompts, one shil- 
ling eight pence sterling. 

" So remaines of the whole charge of moneys, threescore and seven 
tuentie tuo shillings peeces, which is laid into the tronk. 

" Allowit to the compter for debursingis in Ireland at the buriall 
of unquhill sir Alexander Montgomerie iii c . Ixviij 5 . viijd." Account 
of William Home, factor at Eaglesliame, 1641-2. Fraser, Memo- 
rials, vol. i., pp. 78, 79. 

Baillie (Letters, vol. ii., p. 59) mentions that the earl of 
Eglinton left the meeting of the General Assembly, at 
St. Andrews, on the 29th July, 1642, " being much afflicted 
with the death of his noble sonne, sir Alexander the 
colonell. " 

25 Dunbarr Fight. This battle was fought on the 3rd 
September, 1650. 

6 Present Earle of Eglinton. This eighth earl, born 
about 1640, and described in the text as the "present 
earl," in 1689, is only known as having made two rather 
remarkable marriages his first and his third. His first 
marriage appears to have been considered but an indiffe- 
rent matrimonial adventure. Lamont refers to it in his 
Diary as follows: "In 1658, January, the lord Montgo- 
merie's sonne being at London about his father's business 
in Parliament, in reference to his fyne, with consent of his 


versed with him, and last of all in Edinborogh, Ao. 1689 (I being a voluntary exile during the 
troubles then in Ireland), in which year his Lordship told me there had been seventeen Earles of his 
ancestors, all Eglinton, of the name Alexander (which in English is a worthy helper of men), and none 
of them all of any other proper name, but the two Hughes and the said Robert aforesaid (who enjoyed 
the honor those ten years, in which he revenged and survived his said brother slain at Annock as 
aforesaid); yet his ancestors, whilst Lords Montgomeries of Ardrossan, had divers other names. 2 ? 

Now none of the Earles of Eglintoune did forfeit their honour by treason, and so could not 
lose their degree in the file of Earles, and, therefore, and for the reasons aforesaid, as well as for the 
said 2d list, the rivalship of Glencairne is (in my opinion) injurious, and a tort done to the family of 
Eglintoune, and much more will it be so, if in any Parliament a protestation be entered by Glen- 
cairne against the other Earle's precedencys. I hope there is not, nor will be any such protestations, 
because the difference about it (as I have been credibly reported) was ended and taken away by King 
Charles 2d upon his happy restoration. This much I have written as in part belonging to the said 
6th Laird's genealogy, and in honor to our Chief in Scotland. 

Now this 6th Laird (by which title I will design him till he was knighted) had three brothers, 
who lived to be men respected for their abilities, viz., George, of whom (because his happy living 
was in England and Ireland) I will especially remember hereafter. He was (as my father writes), 
for his worth and learning, by the late Queen Elizabeth, prefer'd to the Parsonage of Chedchec, 28 and 
Deanery of Norwich ; 2 9 Patrick also, who by his prowess and conduct (going from Scotland, a Captain 
of a regiment of foot, into France) did arise to great credit, and a colonel's post under King H. the 
4th, and was killed in a fight where he had commanded five hundred horse ;3 he had no wife, neyther 

parents married privately the lord Dumfrice his'daughter, sixth earl. The seventh earl also was Hugh. Robert 

a gentlewoman bred in England, but having little or no of Giffen, brother of Hugh, the fourth earl, slain at 

portion." Baillie also mentions this marriage as " one of Annock, was never earl. MS. Notes of Col. F. O. 

the sundry unhappy incidents among us." " The earl^ of Montgomery. 

Eglintoune's heir, he continues, " the master of Montgo- 28 Chedchec. This is probably a misprint for Chedzoy, 

mery, convoying his father to London, runns away without or Chedder, in Somersetshire, although it is copied as in 

any advice, and maries a daughter of my lord Dumfries, the text by -Lodge, who had a loan of the Montgomery 

who is a broken man, when he was sure of my lady Manuscripts. Chedder might readily be mistaken for 

Balclough's (countess of Buccleuch) marriage, the greatest Chedchec in the original ; but, from the loss of the MSS. t 

match in Brittain. This unexpected pranck is worse to all his it is impossible to determine the correct reading. In 

kinn than his death would have been." Letters, vol. iii., p. 1 660, Jeremy Taylor had a controversy with a divine 

366. Byhertheearlhadafamilyofthreesonsandtwodaugh- located at Chedzoy, named Henry Jeanes, on the doc- 

ters. She died in 1673, and the earl next married Grace, trine of original sin. Heber, Life of Taylor, vol. i., 

daughter of Francis Popley, and widow of sir Thomas p. Ixx. ; vol. ii., p, 571, seq. Leland has no mention of 

Wentworth of Bretton. This lady died within a year Chedzoy, but he notices Chedder (vol. ii., p. 93) as a 

after her marriage,and the earl married, in 1698, Catherine, "good husband tounelet to Axbridge, lying in the rootes 

lady Kaye, daughter of sir William St. Quintin, of Harp- of Mendip hilles." Tourists visit this place to view the 

ham,, in the county of York. She had been three times stupendous chasm, called Chedder Cliff, which is said to 

married previously, and was ninety years of age when she be the most striking scene of its kind in Great Britain, 

married her fourth husband, the earl of Eglinton ! She Camden, Britannia, edited by Gough, vol. i., p. 109. 

died in 1700, and her husband followed in 1701. Eraser, ^Deanery of Norwich. George Montgomery, S.T.P., 

Memorials, vol. i. pp. 98, 100. born in 1562, was installed dean of Norwich on the 7th 

27 Divers other names. This paragraph is evidently of June, 1603, an appointment which he retained until 

imperfect, or very incorrectly given. That there were the 28th of September, 1614. 

seventeen earls of the name of Alexander previous to 3 Five hundred horse. Many Scottish men were in- 

Alexander, the eighth earl, in 1689, is a statement which duced to enter the French service, from time to time, 

the latter could hardly have made, or the author repeated. through the attractions of the celebrated Scots Guard, 

There were five Hughs in succession immediately pre- supposed to be organised so early as the days of Charle- 

ceding Alexander Seton, surnamed Greysteel, who was magne, but which was certainly established by Charles VII, 



had John, his youngest brother, who was graduated Doctor in physick, in a French University or 
College; he returning homewards came to London, where, having practised his art (with good 
repute), he died of that sweating imoveable sickness which raged in Queen Elizabeth's reign.3 1 

But I return to the history of the said 6th Laird, who leaving Glasgow Colledge'and his parents 
at home, he travelled into France, and after some months' stay at Court there, he settled himself in 
Holland, and became a Captain of foot in a Scottish Regiment, under the Prince of Orange, grand- 
father to our present gracious Sovereign King William. 3 2 He was in service some years there, till 
hearing of his mother's and (soon afterwards) of his father's death,33 and that his sisters were dis- 
posed of in marriage, 34 and knowing that there were debts on his estate, on that account (his brothers 
having formerly received their portions), he then obtained leave to dispose of his command and ar- 
rears of pay, and so returned to Braidstane, and appearing at the Court in Edenborough, he was 
respected as a well-accomplished gentleman, being introduced to kiss King James the 6th hand, by 
divers Noblemen, on whose recommendation he was received into favour (and special notice taken 
of him), which encreased more and more, by reason of a correspondence he had with his brother 
George (then Dean of Norwich in the Church of England), whereby he received and gave frequent 
intelligence to his Majesty of the Nobility and State Ministers u\Queen Elizabeth's Court and Coun- 
cil, and of the country Gentlemen, as they were well or ill affected to his Majesty's succession. 

The said Laird upon his return above said, having paid the said debts and settled his estate (his 

as a permanent institution of the French court. The 
first captain of this guard, after its re-organisation, was a 
count de Montgomery, descended, it is supposed, from 
the family of this surname anciently owners of Largs. 

31 Elizabfttts Reign. John Montgomery was a student 
at Padua, probably after leaving the French university. 
Paterson, Account of the Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, 
vol. i., p. 280. His death may have, probably, occurred 
in 1597, as in that year no fewer than 17,890 persons are 
said to have died in London. Chambers, Domestic 
Annals of Scotland, vol. i., p. 292. Camden describes 
the disease mentioned in the text as " the English sweat, 
which made great mortality of people, especially those of 
middle age ; for as many as were taken suddenly with this 
sweat within one foure and twenty houres eyther dyed or 
recovered. But a present remedy was found, namely, 
that such as in the day-time fell into it, should presently 
in their clothes as they were goe to bed ; if by night and 
in bed, should there rest, lye still, and not rise from thence 
for foure and twenty houres ; provided always that they 
should not sleepe the while, but by all means be kept 
waking. Whereof this disease first arose, the learned of 
physicians know not for certaine." This account was 
written of an outbreak of the disease in 1551. The great 
mortality in 1597 would prove supposing the complaints 
were exactly similar that the simple remedy here men- 
tioned was of little avail in the latter instance. Camden, 
Britannia, voL i., p. 7. 

32 King William. Maurice of Nassau, stadtholder at 
the time referred to in the text, was grand-uncle of 
William III. of Nassau, Prince of Orange, ultimately 
king of England. Maurice succeeded in 1584, became 
Prince of Orange in 1618, and died in 1625. He was 
succeeded by his younger brother, Frederic Henry, who 

was grandfather of William III., king of England. The 
sixth laird of Braidstane probably served in Holland dur- 
ing the last few years of the life of William I. of Orange, 
great-grandfather of William III. of England, so that 
grandfather in the text must be a mistake, or a misprint, for 
great-grandfather. William I. of Orange, surnamed the 
Silent, and founder of the Dutch Republic, was assassinated 
in 1584. The author states that the sixth laird was mar- 
ried in 1587, after his return from Holland "where he had 
been in service some years," a form of expression which 
would imply a longer period than from the date of the 
assassination in 1584. 

^Father's death. His father had died before 1587, the 
year of the sixth laird's marriage. 

34 Disposed of in marriage. One of the sixth laird's 
sisters was married to Patrick Shaw, a son of John Shaw 
of Greenock. The following is an account of their burial- 
place in the old church of Largs: "West of the Skel- 
morlie aisle, stands the funeral vault of the ancient family 
of Brisbane of Brisbane. It is constructed entirely of stone 
and its only chiseled adornments are two shields of arms 
built hi the gable over its well-secured portal. The shield 
on the right bears two mullets in fesse, between three cups 
covered, for Shaw, impaling three fleurs de lis, and parted 
per fess, three annulets, for Montgomery. On the upper 
part of the shield are cut the letters P. S., and in the flanks 
J. M., with the date 1634 below. The other shield bears 
only Shaw, as above, and the initials J. S. It would 
appear from these armorials, that the vault was built by 
Shaw of Kelsoland, or his heirs, considerably prior to that 
property becoming part of the estate of Brisbane, in which 
its name was subsequently merged. The letters on the 
right-hand shield are the initials of Patrick Shaw; second 
son of John Shaw of Greenock, and those of his wife Jean, 



friends advising him), he marryed about Ano. 1587, the Laird of Greenock's daughter^ with content 
to the said earle and all his relations in kindred, and lived in peace and amity with all his neighbours, 

till grossly injured by Maxwell, Laird of New Ark,3 6 near Greenock; which abuse his martial soul 

could not brook. This occasioned divers of the 6th Laird's attempts against the said Maxwell, 
who declined to give him gentlemanly satisfaction, but the bickering on both sides surceased on a 
reconciliation (made by their friends) between them. 

The said Laird having now acquired or conciliated an interest in the bonnes graces of his Prince, 
as above said, it happened he had an affront put upon him by the earle of Glencairne's eldest son, 

daughter of Adam Montgomery of Broadstone, and sister 
to Hugh, Lord Viscount Ards in Ireland." Scottish Jour- 
nal of Topography, Antiquities, &., vol. i., p. 308. 

35 Greenock's daughter. This laird is called James Shaw 
in the first viscount s Funeral Entry, and John Shaw by 
Crawford, in his Description of the Shire of Renfrew, 1818, 
p. 125. His family had possessed the lordship or manor of 
Wester Greenock from the time of King Robert III. He 
married his cousin Jean, daughter of John Cunningham of 
Glengarnock, by whom he had a family of five sons and 
six daughters. The eldest of the latter, named Elizabeth, 
married Hugh, sixth laird of Braidstane, as mentioned in 
the text; the second, Isabel, married John Lindsay, of 
the Dunrod family ; the third, Marian, married Camp- 
bell of Dovecoathall ; the fourth, Christian, married Pat- 
rick Montgomery of Blackhouse, in Largs, and Creboy, 
in the parish of Donaghadee ; the fifth, Geeles, married 
James Crawford of Flattertown ; and the sixth (whose 
Christian name we cannot discover) married Andrew 
Nevin, second laird of Monkrodding, in the parish of Kil- 
winning. Crawford has no mention of John Shaw's 
daughter married to Nevin ; in the enumeration of the sons 
in Greenock's family, he has omitted John, who came 
with sir Hugh Montgomery to the Ards, and erroneously 
states that Robert Shaw was founder of the family of this 
surname in the County of Down. The old castle of the 
Shaws, or as much of it as could be made available, was 
incorporated with the handsome family residence of the 
Shaw-Stewarts, which occupies the original site, on an 
elevated terrace, at a little distance west of Greenock. This 
structure may be described as both old and new, the old 
portions being easily distinguished by their narrow win- 
dows and peaked gables, and the modern additions by their 
superior arrangements for domestic comfort. Over an en- 
trance to the house is the date 1637. This castle con- 
tinued to be the residence of the Shaws, and more recently 
of their representatives, the Shaw-Stewarts, until the year 
1754) when the family removed to Ardgowan, which is 
still their favourite abode. Macdonald, Days at the Coast, 
pp. 91, 92. " On the death of Sir John Shaw, the last of 
the name, in 1752, Mr. Shaw-Stewart, afterwards Sir John 
Shaw-Stewart, eldest son of Sir Michael Stewart of 
Blackball, succeeded to these estates in right of his mother 
and grandmother, then deceased; the latter, wife of Sir 
John Houston of Houston, being the daughter and heiress 
of entail of Sir John Shaw, the father of the baronet of 
that name above mentioned, and sister of the last Sir 
John. Sir John Shaw Stewart died in 1812, and was 
succeeded by his nephew, Sir Michael Stewart, at that 
time Mr. Nicolson, of Carnock. On his death in 1825, 

he was succeeded in the possession of his estate by his 
eldest son, the late Sir Michael Shaw-Stewart ; and at his 
death, on the igthof Dec., 1836, he was succeeded by his 
eldest son, the present Sir Michael Robert Shaw Stewart, 
a minor." New Stat. Account of Renfrewshire, p. 412. 

36 Laird of Newark. This was Patrick Maxwell, laird 
of Newark at the time referred to in the text, an active 
partisan of the Cunninghams in the great feud between 
them and the Montgomerys. The quarrel here noticed 
between the lairds of Braidstane and Newark had, no doubt, 
arisen from this unhappy source. Maxwell's mother was 
a Cunningham, of the family of Craigens, and, in 1584, 
Patrick Maxwell of Stainlie, a near connexion of the Max- 
wells of Newark, was slain in a conflict with the Mont- 
gomerys of Skelmorlie. In another fight, which occurred 
only three months afterwards, Robert Montgomery, laird 
of Skelmorlie, and his eldest son, were slain by the Max- 
wells. Montgomery's second son, Robert, thus suddenly 
became, as Maxwell of Newark expressed it, "Young laird 
and old laird of Skelmorlie in one day." Patterson, 
Account of the Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii. p. 
310. It was in preparation, no doubt, for some of the con- 
flicts above mentioned, that Patrick Maxwell penned the 
following letter to his kinsman, the laird of Nether Pollok, 
on the 27th of January, 1585 : 

"Rycht Honorable, Eftirharthecommendatioune: laminformit 
of swm interpryse of my enemeis a-gins me, and at the Raid of 
Stirling mony of our hagbitis was taine fra ws : Quhair for I pray 
zow, sir, to lat me haif the laine (loan) of ane cwpple of hagbitis, 
and ze sell haif thame againe within twentie days. As also, gif ony 
occasiowne fortownis that I maun chairge freindis, I haif no dowt, 
upon my nixt adverteisment, bot that ze will be reddie in defence of 
my lyif and honestie : As ze sell find me reddie to requyt zour guid- 
will quhen occasiowne serwis, as knowis God, qwha mot preserwe 
zou eternallie. From Newark ; the xxvii. day of Januar, 1585. 
" Zour lowyng freind at power, 

"P. MAXWELL, of Neverk. 

"To the rycht honorabill and my special frend, the Laird of 
Nether Pollok, Knycht" Eraser, Memorials, vol. i., p. 180. 

The old castle of the Maxwells of Newark stands on the 
banks of the Clyde, in the immediate vicinity of Port 
Glasgow, and consists of a "keep," built about the year 
1400, with several additions of a later period. Some of 
the walls still exhibit armorial bearings, and over several 
of the elegantly carved windows are still to be seen the 
letters P. M., the initials of almost all the lords of the 
Castle, for each in succession bore the Christian name 
of Patrick. In a corner of the court, over an old doorway, 
is the following inscription, originally intended as a pious 
consecration of the building: The Blessingis of God be 
herein. Only the two figures 97 remain of the date accom- 
panying this inscription. It was probably 1 497. Above one 


Mr. Conningham,37 for reparation whereof he challenged the same Gentleman to a combat, but Mr. 
Conningham avoided the danger by a visit to London (the Queen being still and for some years 
thereafter alive tho' old) : yet was soon followed by the said Laird, who came to the city; and his 
errand for satisfaction was told soon enough to Mr. Conningham, whereupon he went clandestinely 
into Holland on pretence to improVe his parts at the Court in the Hague. 3 8 The said Laird being 
thus twice disappointed of his purpose (stayed a few days at the English Court), and then rode to 
his brother George, Dean of Norwich, and instructed him how to continue his said intelligence, to 
be communicated to King James by one of their near kinsmen ;39 which affairs adjusted (undervaluing 
costs, toyle, and danger), the Laird took ship at Dover, and arrived in Holland, going to the 
Hague (unheard of and unexpected), where lodging privately, till he had learned the usual hours 
when Mr. Conningham and the other gentlemen and officers walked (as merchants do in the inner 
courts of the palace, called Den Primen Hoff 4), the said Laird there found Mr. Conningham, called 
him coward, fugitive, and drew his sword (obliging his adversary to do the like); but the Laird press- 
ing upon him, made a home thrust (which lighted on the broad buckle of his sword belt), and so 
tilted Mr. Conningham on his back; yet it pleased God that the buckle (like a toorget) saved his 
life. This was a sudden and inconsiderate rash action of the Laird, who thought he had killed Mr. 
Conningham. Putting up his sword quickly, and hastening out of the Court, he was seized on by 
some of the guard, and committed to the Provost-Marshall's custody, where he meditated how to 
escape, and put his design that night in some order (an hopeful occasion forthwith presenting itself) 
for no sooner was the hurry over, but one Serjeant Robert Montgomery^ (formerly acquainted with 
the Laird) came to him; the condolement was but short and private, and the business not to be 

of the windows, in a more modern portion of the castle, is could be effected between him and Glencairn, which was 

the date 1599. The oaken beams and massive fire-places of only at last accomplished at the command of the Privy 

the great Hall remain, and such is still its comparative state Council, Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. i. , 

of preservation, that three poor families make the old pile p. 395. 

their place of residence. At the commencement of the last M In the Hague. The Hague, which is the capital of 

century, George Maxwell sold his property in Newark to South Holland, was the usual residence of the court, and 

William Cochrane of Kilmarnock. The barony, includ- the seat of the States-General, or Dutch parliament. It 

ing the castle, passed afterwards into the possession of lord takes its name Gravenhage, "Count's Hedge," from the 

Belhaven, who, in turn, sold it to Mr. Farquhar, from house originally forming part of the enclosure surrounding 

whom it came by inheritance to its present owner, sir the count's park, the house having been a hunting lodge, 

Michael Shaw-Stewart. Original Parochiales Scotia, vol. which, in 1250, became a palace of the counts of Holland, 

i., p. 87; Macdonald, Days on the Coast, pp. 62, 63. and the commencement of the large and beautiful city of 

3 ' Mr. Conningham. This was William Cunningham, Hague. 

eldest son and successor of James, seventh earl of Glen- 39 Near kinsman. This near kinsman was, most pro- 
cairn, by "his wife, Margaret, a daughter of sir Colin bably, their uncle (mother's brother), Alexander Mont- 
Campbell of Glenurchy. The quarrel here mentioned gomery, the celebrated poet, who, for a time, was a 
was, no doubt, another result of the feud between the frequent visitor at the court of James VI. 
Montgomerys and Cunninghams, which seems to have 4 Den Primen Hoff. Primen Hoff is no doubt a mis- 
been somewhat allayed after the assassination at the ford print for Binmnhoff, the name of an irregular old pile of 
of Annock, although the excitement consequent on that various dates, having a handsome Gothic hall, which is 
event continued. lu 1 606, an encounter took place be- now the only remaining portion of the original residence 
tween them in the streets of Perth, 'where the rival earls, of the counts of Holland. The States-General hold their 
Eglinton and Glencairn, had gone to attend a meeting of meetings in the Binnenhoff, part of which is also occupied 
the Scottish parliament. The fight lasted from seven by the government offices. 

until ten o'clock at night, and was only quelled after pro- 4I Serjeant Robert Montgomery. The sixth laird did 

cligious efforts made for that purpose by the citizens. not forget the useful services of his humble kinsman, as 

Lord Semple was involved on the side of the Montgomerys, will be seen in the author's concluding account of several 

and it was not until the year 1609 that a reconciliation persons bearing the surname of Montgomery. 


delayed. Therefore the Laird gave the serjeant a purse of gold, and said, I will call you cousen and 
treat you respectfully, and you must visit me frequently, and bring me word from the officers (my 
former comerades) what they can learn is resolved against me, entreating them to visit me. Then 
he employed him to bespeake some of them that night to come to him the next morning, giving 
him orders at fit times to deal liberally with the Marshall (then a widower) and his turnkeys, letting 
words fall (as accidentally) that he had such and such lands in Scotland to which he designed (in 
six months) to return, and also to talk of him as his honourable cousen then in restraint, for no 
worse deed then was usually done, in Edinborough streets, in revenge of any affront, and especially 
to magnify himself, to make love secretly and briskly to the Marshall's daughter (to whom the keys 
were often trusted), giving her love tokens and coined gold, as assurances of his in tire affection, and at 
other times to shew her the said purse with the gold in it, telling her a Scotch kinsman had brought 
it to him, as rent of his lands in Scotland, and sometimes also to shew her handfulls of silver, urging 
her to take it (or at least a part of it) ; often persweading her to a speedy and private contract in 
order to a marriage between them. The serjeant thus instantly pursuing his love suit, he ply'd his 
oar so well that in a few nights he had certain proofs of the bride's cordial love and consent to 
wed him. 

In the mean time, while the Laird engaged many of his comerades (and they their friends) to 
intercede for him, likewise (with great secrecy as to his concern) the serjeant procured a Scottish 
vessel to be hired, and to be at readiness to obey orders, and weigh anchors when required. And 
now it remained only to facilitate the escape ; wherefore the Laird had divers times treated the 
Marshall and his daughter in his chamber, both jointly and severally, and one night a good oppor- 
tunity offering itself of her father being abroad, the Laird (as the design was laid) had the daughter and 
his serjeant, into his room, and there privately contracted or espoused them together by mutual pro- 
mises of conjugall fidelity to each other, joining their hands, and making them alternately repeat 
(after him) the matrimonial vow used in Scotland, they exchanging one to the other the halves of 
a piece of gold which he had broken and given to them to that purpose. So, no doubt, the serjeant 
kissed his bride and she him, and drank a glass of wine to each other on the bargain. Then the 
Laird carressed them both, and revealed to them his design of getting out of restraint, to abscond 
himself till he might get King James' letter to the Prince, that his hand should not be cut off; but 
that receiving on his knee the Prince's reprimand, and making due submissions, and humbly craving 
pardon and promising reconciliation and friendship to Mr. Conninghame, he should be absolved 
from the punishment due for his crime. But this was a pretence to the bride only; all this was con- 
trived, carried on, and done without the knowledge of the Laird's servant, who was only employed 
to cajole and treat the Marshall and his turnkeys liberally, and to perform menial attendances and 
offices about the Laird's person when called ; so that the intrigues prospered (with admirable conduct) 
without the least umbrage of supicion, either to the household or to the comerades aforesaid, lest 
any of them should be taxed with compliance or connivance to the escape. 

In this little history I have been the more exact to give the reader (at least) one single instance 
of the Laird's bold resolution, and of his sagatious ingenious spirit, as well as of his great prudence 
(which appeared also in the sequel of this affair); as likewise to be briefe in my future report of 


another like escape for CON O'NEiL, 42 which the Laird devised and got done (almost in the same 
manner), as shall in due place be remembered. And now there remained only to appoint the night 
when the Laird was to leave his lodgings (and the preparatorys for it to be advized on) ; all which 
being concerted between the Laird, the sergeant and his bride, a treat of a dinner was made for 
some of the said officers and for the Marshall, which almost being ended, the sergeant came into 
the room and reported, that, in consideration of the Laird's valorous services and civil behaviour 
whilst Captain in the army, and of the officers' intercessions, Mr Conninghame, having received no 
wound (for divers respects on his own account, and to make amends to the Laird), joining with 
them, the Prince was pleased to pardon the Laird's rash passionate crime, and to restore him to his 
liberty; he making submission, and craving remission for his fault, and promising not only recon- 
ciliation, but friendship to Mr Conninghame as aforesaid was pretended all which was to be per- 
formed solemnly two days thence. These news were welcomed by all at table with their great joy 
and applause given of y e Prince,^ who thereby should endeare the Scottish forces the more to serve 
his highness; then the healths went round and the glasses set about the trenchers (like cercoletts), 
till run off, the meat being removed, and sergeant gone to feast with the Laird's servant, who treated 
him and his sweet bride with the officers' and Marshall's men, where there was no want of wine for 
sake of the good news. After eating was done, the Laird and officers and Marshall (who no doubt 
had his full share of drink put upon him) continued at the wine (as their attendants also did below 
them, both companies being answered by the bride and her cookmaid, when wine was called for 

42 Con O'Neill. This chief, of whose affairs we shall have several curious details in the following pages, is known 
in the Inquisitions as Con M'Neal-M'Brian-Fertagh, more correctly Fagartach. Brian, styled by the Four Masters 
"Brilliant Star," was surnamed Fagartach because he was fostered in MacCartan's country of Cinel-Faghartaigh, 
" race of Fagartach," now Kinnelarty. For the following statement of Con O'Neill's descent fromAodh Buidhe (Hugh 
Boy) II., the editor is indebted to the kindness of the Rev. Dr. Reeves : 

AODH BUIDHE II., slain in 1444. 

CON, whose abode was the Castle of Edenduflcarrlck ; diecTin 1482. 

NIALL MOR = INNEENDUV-NY-DONNELL. Lord of Trian Congail ; died in 1512. 

FEDHLIM BACACH ; died in 1533. NIAL OG, Lord of Trian Congail ; died 1537. 

BRIAN, chief of Trian Congail and Clannaboy ; murdered in 1574 or 1575. BRIAN FAGARTACH, "a Brilliant Star" (4 Masts.) ; slain 

JOHN or SHANE MACBRIAN ; died in 1617. NIALL. 

| CON, mentioned in the text. 

SIR HENRY. PHELIM DUFF, ancestor of Lord O'Neill of Shane's Castle. 

See also Reeves, Eccl. Antiquities, pp. 343, 347; Reeves, Ulster Journal of Archeology, voL ii., p. 57, Notes. 

43 This Prince was Maurice of Nassau, second surviving son of William I. of Orange. |Maurice succeeded his father 
in 1584, when he was only seventeen years of age. He was named after his maternal grandfather, the celebrated 
elector of Saxony, whose military genius he inherited. See note 32, supra. The Principality of Orange, on the left 
bank of the Rhone, after having several ruling families in succession, during the middle ages came into the family of 
Nassau. That branch of the family represented by William I. succeeded to this principality by the death of his cousin 
Rene, who perished before the walls of St. Dizier, when William was only eleven years of age. On the death of the 
great-grandson of the latter, William III. of England, the king of Prussia, as his heir, claimed and obtained the 
Principality of Orange afterwards ceding it to the King of France in exchange for the town and territory of Guelder. 
It was then annexed to Dauphine until the establishment of that division in departments, after which this celebrated 
principality became an arrondissement belonging to the Department of Vaucluse. Its principal town, also named 
Orange, stands on the leading road from Paris to Avignon, being thirteen miles from the latter. The title of prince of 
Orange is still retained by the family of Nassau, and is now borne by the heir to the throne of Holland. 


then the reckoning was paid as daily before then had been done frankly, without demurring at all, 
or even examining how the particulars amounted to the total sum charged by the bride. In fine the 
Marshall and his man minded no more the keys or to look after the Laird being secured, by reason 
of the news and wine, and the trust they reposed in the bride. 

And now the play was in its last scene, for the sun being a while set, the Marshall was led (as 
a gouty man) to his bed, and after him his two men (as manners and good breeding required) led to 
their garrett; and the officers with their servants being gone to their lodgings, and night come, the 
sergeant and his bride packed up her necessaries, and as much of the money and gold as she could 
find, the maid being then busy in the kitchen, and at the same time the Laird and his servant put 
up their linens; which done, the bride sent the maid a great way into the towne on an Aprill or 
speedless errand, and the sergeant called the Laird and his servant down stairs. So the four went 
forth, leaving candles burning in the room, and locking the street door, putting the key under it into 
the floor. They went away incogniti; which transaction amazed the Laird's servant, as not having 
perceived the least of the whole design till that minute though he was trusty enough, yet perhaps 
the Laird did not think his discretion capable to retain such a secret in his drinking with the Mar- 
shall and his men, to which he was obliged by the Laird (as the sergeant had been) as is aforesaid 
What needs more discourse of the feats, but that the Laird and his company (though searched for) 
got aboard, and safely landed at Leith, without any maladventure or cross fortune. All which par- 
ticulars concerning the Laird's quarrell at Mr. Conninghame, and the events following thereupon, 
and the sergeant's courtship, with the debauches at the treats, and the escape aforesaid, might afford 
matter for a facetious pleasing novell, if they were descanted on by one of the modern witty com- 
posers of such like diversions (as they call them), which I think is not an appellative name expressive 
enough of their nature, because they are instructives and recreatives also. 




|EXT day or two after arrival, the Laird, with his retinue, mounted on hired horses and 
journeyed to Braidstane, where receiving the visits of friends and neighbours congratulat- 
ing his return (which had prevented the news of his adventures then also unknown to the 
mariners), he minded his affairs, and getting an account of all the intelligencies his brother George 
had sent to his friends (pursuant to their agreement at last parting, when the Laird went to Holland), 
he sent a footman (for there was no conveyance by post 1 between the kingdoms before King James' 
accession to the English crown) with letters of intelligencies and of business and advice, and in re- 
quittal he received more and fresher informations (touching the English Court and the Queen from 
his said brother), who was lucky to be well furnished, and therefore his said brother sent back speedily 
the messenger, who, coming safe to Braidstane, delivered his packet. In perusal whereof the Laird 
thought it necessary (and conducing to his designs for lands in Ireland) that he should forthwith 

1 No conveyance by post. From the year 1603, the date 
of James's accession to'the English throne, a system of 
posts was appointed between London and Edinburgh, 
consisting of a number of establishments at regular inter- 
vals along the main road, which provided horses for tra- 
velling, and performed the occasional duty of forwarding 
letters on public affairs. This system^continued until the 
year 1635, but was unsatisfactory, and sometimes proved a 
very unsafe means for the transmission of letters. It was, 
therefore, abolished, and an improved plan introduced, 
which secured regularity for the convenience of private 
persons as well as in the public service. "Till this 
time (1635), there had been no certain nor constant 
intercourse between England and Scotland. Thomas 
Withering, Esq., his majesty's postmaster of England 
for foreign parts, was now commanded 'to settle one 
running post, or two, to run day and night between 
Edinburgh and London, to go thither and come back 
again in six days, and to take with them all such 
letters as shall be directed to any post town in the said 
road; and the posts to be placed in several places out of 
the road, to run and bring and carry out of the said roads 
the letters, as then shall be occasion, and to pay twopence 
for every single letter under four score miles; and if one 
hundred and forty miles, four pence; and if above, then 
six pence. The like rule the king is pleased to order to 
be observed to West Chester, Holyhead, and thence to 
Ireland; and also to observe the like rule from London to 
Plymouth, Exeter, and other places in that road; the like 
for Oxford, Bristol, Colchester, Norwich, and other places. 
And the king doth command that no messenger, foot-post, 
or foot-posts, shall take up, carry, receive, or deliver any 
letter or letters whatsoever, other than^the^messengers ap- 
pointed by the said Thomas Withering, except common 
known carriers, or a particular messenger to be sent on 
purpose with a letter to a friend.'" The post thus estab- 
lished was conducted invariably on horseback, and was 

usually sent twice in the week, sometimes only once. 
Rushworth's Collections, as quoted in Chambers's Domes~ 
tic Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., pp. 85 7. While the 
earl of Crawford was imprisoned in the Tower in 1652, 
his countess, who was a sister of the duke of Hamilton, 
visited him. She travelled in a stage-coach recently es- 
tablished, and described by Lament as the "journey coach 
that comes ordinarily between England and Scotland." 
This conveyance'didnot go oftener than once in three weeks, 
and charged for a seat fully as much as a first-class rail- 
way fare of the present day. In May, 1658, stage-coaches 
were advertised to go from the George Inn, without Al- 
dersgate, to sundry parts of England thrice a week; and 
to "Edinburgh, in Scotland, once in three weeks, for ^4 
IDS; in all cases with fresh horses on the roads. "- 
Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., pp. 218, 
247. So late as the year 1755, the Edinburgh stage-coach 
was advertised to go to London in ten days in summer, 
and twelve days in winter; and this was after the machine 
had been in some way renovated, and brought out with 
various additional attractions for travellers, one of which 
was that the old coach "hung on steel springs, exceeding 
light and easy." T/ie Caledonian Mercury, Aug. 21, I7SS 
as quoted in Eraser's Memorials, Preface, p. xiii. In 1758, 
a memorial relating to the post between London and 
Edinburgh, was presented to the committee for the Royal 
Burghs, by the merchants of Edinburgh and other places. 
This memorial represents that the course of the post from 
London to Edinburgh is performed at a medium through- 
out the year, in about eighty-seven hours, and suggests 
certain arrangements by which the two capitals would 
' receive returns of letters from one another in seven days 
and a-half, which, at present, do not come sooner than in 
ten days and a-half, and twelve days and a-half. The 
memorial further stated that the plan thus suggested, was 
highly approved by the Scottish nobility and the merchants 
of London, and was expected to be put into execution, 


go to the Court and impart to the King what his brother had sent : and so the Laird hastening thither 
he was graciously received, but not without a severe check given him by his Majesty, who never- 
theless enjoyned him to beg pardon of the Earle of Glencairne (then in Edinborough), and to 
promise friendship to his Lordship's son and family, which submission being made in his Majesty's 
presence, that sore was plaistered and afterwards fully cured. As soon as Mr. Conningham came 
back to Scotland, his father caused him to confess to the Laird, that he had wronged him and was 
sorry for it, desiring his forgiveness, and promising his own friendship to the Laird and his family 
whilst he lived; and thus by his Majesty's care was the revival of the old bloody fewd between the 
Montgomeries and Conninghams fully prevented; 2 the like reconciliations between all other families 
having already been made by the industrious prudence of that King, who being in the yearly ex- 
pectation he had of the Queen's death, would leave all quiet at home when he was to go to receive 
the English crown. 3 

Scottish Journal of Topography, Antiquities, 6r., vol. ii., 
p. 208. The arrangements for persons travelling in their 
own conveyances were, as may be supposed, not par- 
ticularly convenient. We have a curious illustration in 
the following letter from Eleanor, countess of Linlithgow, 
to her daughter Anna, countess of Eglinton : 

"Lynlithgow Palic, the xxiiii. of November, 1612. 
" MADAME AND LOVING DOCHTER My werie harthe commenda- 
tions rememberit. I haif resavit zour letter, quharas ze haif writ- 
ten for some carage hors to bring zour carage out of Craigiehall heir, 
I haif spoken me (my) lord for that effect; and there will be ane 
doson of hors thair on Thursday tymouslie at mprne. As for tumeler 
cairtis, there is nan heir. As for my cairt it is broken ; but I haif 
causit command thame to bring hochemes, creills, and tedderis 

(tethers) with them Nocht farther, but remember my 

commendatiouns to me Lady Seton, zour gud mother, and me Lady 
Perthe. Committis zou to God, and restis your ever assurit loving 

In the year 1619, the sixth earl of Eglinton was at Seton, 
his native place, and before setting out on his return to 
Eglinton castle, although at the season of midsummer, he 
wrote to his countess to send the "kotch (coach) eist to 
me efter the reset of this, and caus sax of the ablest ten- 
nentis coum with her to Glasgow to pout hir by all the 
straitis and dangeris." Eraser, Memorials, vol. i., pp. 
184, 210. 

2 Fully prevented. The interposition of the king had 
the effect of allaying that fatal strife for a time, but did not 
eradicate the fierce passions by which it was sustained. 
Several years after this date, Sir James Balfour made the 
following record in his Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., p. 16 : 
"During this Parliament ther fell out grate stirre betwixt 
the Earles of Eglinton and Glencairne, and their friends. 
Many were hurte on both sydes, and one only man of the 
Earle of Glencairne's killed. Bot this with the old feeid 
betwixt these two families, byhesmajestie's especiall com- 
mandiment, was submitted to sex of either syde toreconceill 
all matters, which if they could not be reconceilled by the 
mediation of friends, then did thesse Lords absoutly sub- 
mitt all ther debaitts and contrawersies to the king's 
Majestie's decisione; which hes Majesty and counsaill fully 
composed and agried by the industrious negotione of the 
Earle of Dunbarr, hes Majestie's Comissioner for that 
effecte, in the moneth of February, in the following zeire, 
the Earle of Eglinton himselve being dead, and Alexander, 
the Lord Settone's third soune, having succidit him. " The 

fifth earl of Eglinton died in 1612, so that the conflict here 
mentioned must have occurred about the close of 1610. 
The author truly describes this feud as "old," for it had its 
origin so early as the year 1366, when sir Hugh of'Eglinton 
obtained a grant from the crown of the offices of baillie in 
the barony of Cunningham, and chamberlain of Irvine. 
This grant was renewed and enlarged from time to time, 
the Cunninghams, however, claiming the offices now 
mentioned as belonging, from ancient and long-established 
right, to the representatives of their family or clan. In 
1448, James II. renewed the grant to lord Montgomery, 
and from that date the feud continued without much 
interruption for upwards of two centuries. In 1488, the 
strong castle of Kerrielaw, a residence of the Cunninghams, 
in the parish of Stevenston, was sacked and destroyed by 
the Montgomerys, under the command of that warlike 
Hugh, afterwards created first earl of Eglinton. In the 
year 1528, the fall of Kerrielaw was avenged by the burning 
of Eglinton castle, together with all the important family 
records therein. During the interval between 1488, and 
1528, many terrible collisions had occurred, especially in 
the years 1505, 1507, 1517, 1523, and 1526. Although an 
arbitration, held by the earls of Angus, Argyle, and 
Cassilis assisted by the bishop of Moray, had decided in 
1509 in favour of Eglinton's claims, and although in 1523 
the first earl of Eglinton had been honourably acquitted of 
the charge of murdering Edward Cunningham of Auchin- 
harvie, the feud continued with increasing fury until the 
Cunninghams assassinated the fourth earl at the ford of 
Annock. From that date (i 586) the strife began gradually 
to subside, but had not entirely ceased until the close of 
the seventeenth century. Paterson, Parishes and Families 
of Ayrshire, vol. i., pp. 51, 53, 54; Fraser, Memorials, vol. 
i., pp. 27,^31. 

3 The English crcnvn. This was a politic work on the 
part of the king, but his efforts to reconcile his nobles to 
each other suddenly before leaving for England did not 
produce any marked results. The first and greatest 
attempt of James to accomplish this object, and the one 
no doubt to which our author refers, occurred in the month 
of May, 1587, when he was "in yearly expectation of the 
Queen's death," an event for which he had longer time to 
prepare than he would have wished, it being no less than 
fifteen years in coming from the date last named. The 



And now halcyon days shined throughout all Scotland, all animosities being compressed^ by 
his Majesty (who in a few months afterwards) having certain intelligence of Queen Elizabeth's sick- 
ness, and extreme bodily weakness, and not long thence of her death, which was on the 24th of 
March (according to the English computation) Ao. Do. 1602,3 James the 6th being proclaimed King 
in London and Westminster, by the Lord Mayor, with the Lords of the Privy Councill, and by 
them solemnly invited to take progress and receive the crown, with the kingdoms of England, &c., 
into his gracious protection. 6 Accordingly his Majesty (as soon as conveniency would allow) went 

"other families" referred to in the text beside those of 
Eglinton and Glencairn requiring to be reconciled were, 
principally, the master of Glammis and the earl of Craw- 
ford, the earls of Angus and Montrose, and the earls of 
Huntly and Marischal. These, together with many others 
of the nobility, were invited by the king to a grand banquet 
in Holyrood, on Sunday, the I5th of May, at which the 
king drank to them thrice, loudly calling on them to be 
reconciled to each other, and uttering threats against the 
first who should disobey the injunction. " Next day, after 
supper, then an early meal, and after 'many scolls' had 
been drunk to each other, he made them all march in 
procession, in their doublets, up the Canongate, two and 
two, holding by each other's hands, and each pair being 
a couple of reconciled enemies. He himself went in front, 
with lord Hamilton on his right hand, and the lord 
chancellor Maitland on the left ; then Angus and Mont- 
rose, Huntly and Marischal, Crawford and the master of 
Glammis. Coming to the Tolbooth, his Majesty ordered 
all the prisoners for debt to be released. Thence he ad- 
vanced to the picturesque old market-cross, covered with 
tapestry for the occasion, where the magistrates had set 
out a long table well furnished with bread, wine, and 
sweetmeats. Amidst the blare of trumpets and the boom 
of cannon the young monarch publicly drank to his nobles, 
wishing them peace and happiness, and made them all 
drink to each other. The people, long accustomed to 
sights of bloody contention, looked on with unspeak- 
able joy, danced, broke into songs of joy, and brought out 
all imaginable musical instruments to give additional, 
albeit discordant, expression to their happiness. All 
acknowledged that no such sight had ever been seen in 
Edinburgh. In the general transport, the gloomy gibbet, 
usually kept standing there in readiness, was cast down, 
as if it could never again be needed. Sweetmeats, and 
glasses from which toasts had been drunk, flew about, 
from the tables of the feast. When all was done, 
the king and nobles returned in the same form as they 
had come. " Moysie, Memoirs of the Affairs of Scot- 
land ; Birrel, Diary ; Calderwood, History of the 
Kirk ; Historie of King James the Sext, as quoted by 
Chambers, in his Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. 
i., pp. 177-8. These exciting ceremonies would seem to 
have been comparatively worthless, as in the year 1595, 
the king summoned the following parties into his presence, 
under the disagreeable conviction that "the commonweal 
was altogether disorderit and shaken louss by reason of 
the deidly feids and controversies standing amang his sub- 
jects of all degrees," viz., "Robert, master of Eglinton, and 
Patrick Houston of that Ilk ; James, earl of Glencairn, 
and Cunningham of Glengarnock ; John, earl of Montrose, 
and French of Thomydykes ; Hugh Campbell of Louden, 

sheriff of Ayr, Sondielandsof Calder, sir James Sondielands 
of Slamannan, Crawford of Kerse, and Spottiswoode of 
that Ilk; David, earl of Crawford, and Guthrie of that 
Ilk ; Sir Thomas Lyon of Auldbar, knight, and Garden 
of that Ilk; Alexander, lord Livingstone, sir Alexander 
Bruce, elder, of Airth, and Archibald CoJquhoun of Lusa; 
John, earl of Mar, Alexander Forester of Garden, and An- 
dro M'Farlaneof Arrochar; James, lord Borthwick, Pres- 
ton of Craigmillar, Mr. George Lawder of Bass, and 
Charles Lawder, son of umwhile Andro Lawder, in Wynd- 
park ; sir John Edminstone of that Ilk ; Maister William 
Cranston, younger, of that Ilk ; George, earl Marischal, 
and Seyton of Meldrum j James Cheyne of Straloch, and 
William King of Barrach ; James Tweedie of Drumelzier 
and Charles Geddes of Richan. " Chambers, Domestic 
Annals of Scotland, vol. L, p. 267. 

4 All animosities being compressed. On the contrary, 
Sir Thomas Kennedy of Colzean was murdered in the vi- 
cinity of Ayr, a short time before the king left for England, 
and in the same year, a terrible feud raged between the 
Mackensies of Kintail and theMacdonnells of Glengarry. 
Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol i., pp. 363, 


5 Ao. Do. 1602. The English of that period, and for 
more than a century later, commenced the year on the 
25th of March, so that according to this computation, the 
Queen died on the last day of the year 1602 ; whereas, 
according to Scottish computation, she died on 'the 24th of 
March, 1603, the Scotch commencing the year on the 
1st of January, as we now do. 

6 His gracious protection. Elizabeth died early on the 
morning of Thursday, the 24th of March, and James had 
intelligence of the event on Saturday evening, after he had 
retired to rest, in Holyrood-house. The news was brought 
to him by a young aspirant to court favour, named Robert 
Carey, who had thus made a rapid journey upon horse- 
back, from London to Edinburgh, in less than three days. 
On the 5th of Aprill following, the king commenced his 
journey to England, "at which time," says Birrel, "there 
was great lamentation and mourning amang the commons 
for the loss of the daily sight of their blessid prince." 
Birrel records also that "the queen and prince (Henry) 
came from Stirling to Edinburgh on the 28th May. 
There were sundry English ladies and gentlewomen come 
to give her the convoy. On the 3Oth, "her majesty and 
the prince came to St. Giles kirk, weel convoyit with 
coaches, herself and the prince in her awin coach, whilk 
came with her out of Denmark, and the English gentle- 
women in the rest of the coaches. They heard ane guid 
sermon in the kirk, and thereafter rade name to Haly- 
rood-house." Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, 
vol. i. pp. 381 2. 


to Westminster, attended by divers Noblemen and many Gentlemen, being by greater numbers con- 
veyed to the borders, where he was received by English Lords, Esqrs., and Gentry in great splendor.? 
Among the Scottish Lairds (which is a title equivalent to Esqrs.) who attended his Majesty to 
Westminster, he of Braidstane was not the least considerable, but made a figure, more looked on 
than some of the Lords' sons, and as valuable in account as the best of his own degree and estate in 
that journey. 

When the said Laird had lodged himself in Westminster, he met at Court with the said George 
(his then only living brother), who had with longing expectations waited for those happy days. 8 They 
enjoyed one the others most loving companies, and meditated of bettering and advancing their pecu- 
liar stations. Forseeing that Ireland must be the stage to act upon, it being unsettled, and many 
forfeited lands thereon altogether wasted, they concluded to push for fortunes in that kingdom, as 

7 In great splendor. As James passed on to take pos- 
session of his new throne, immense multitudes assembled 
to see him at various places on his line of progress, the 
magnates of each county, after he had passed the border, 
preparing entertainments for him at their houses. At 
Newcastle and York, civic banquets of unusual grandeur 
awaited him. " With splendour equally profuse, sir 
Robert Carey received him at Widdrington, the bishop of 
Durham at Durham, sir Edward Stanhope at Grimston, 
lord Shrewsbury at Worksop, lord Cumberland at Bel- 
voir castle, sir John Harrington at Exton, lord Burghley 
at Burghley, and sir Thomas Sadler at Standen. With 
princely hospitality, sir Oliver Cromwell regaled him at 
Hinchinbrook ; and there the sturdy little nephew and 
namesake of sir Oliver received probably the first impres- 
sion of a king, and of the something less than divinity that 
hedged him round Nearer and nearer Lon- 
don, meanwhile, the throng swelled more and more ; and 
on came the king, hunting daily as he came, incessantly 
feasting and drinking, creating knights by the score, and 
everywhere receiving worship as the fountain of honour. 
Visions of levelling clergy and factious nobles, which had 
haunted him his whole life long, now passed for ever from 
him. He turned to his Scotch followers, and told them 
they had at last arrived in the land of promise." Fors- 
ter, Grand Remonstrance, p. 100. Stow has given full 
details in his Annals, of the king's grand progress from 
Berwick to London, among a people who had been go- 
verned by queens for more than fifty years, and to whom 
a king had then become a wonder to behold. The first 
proclamation issued by James was one to prohibit the 
crowding of the people on his line of march, for the dust, 
as he approached London, became somewhat too oppres- 
sive for the royal cortege. He reached the great city on 
the nth May, and on the 1 6th issued his second proclama- 
tion forbidding the killing of deer, and of such wild-fowl 
as served hawking. James was crowned on the 25th 
July, and had previously ordered the money intended for 
distribution on that occasion to be struck with the inscrip- 
tion Casar C<csarum. Irvine, Lives of the Scottish Poets, 
vol. ii., p. 229, note. 

s Those happy days. From the hour that James had 
actually attained to the throne of Great Britain and Ire- 
land, he was never left at peace for a day by his Scottish 
subjects, who believed that he had now become the pos- 
sessor of inexhaustible resources, and were determined to 

assist him to the utmost in the development and enjoyment 
of the same. A small number of those who accompanied 
him into England, and who appear to have been special 
favourites with him in Scotland, soon felt the genial in- 
fluences of the change. Among the latter may be espe- 
cially mentioned sir George Home, created earl of Dun- 
bar ; sir John Ramsay, created earl of Haddington ;- sir 
John Hay, created earl of Carlisle ; and Mr. Robert 
Ker, afterwards earl of Somerset. The English nobility 
were, of course, very jealous of these and many other 
Scottish courtiers, calling them "beggarly Scots," of 
which indignity the latter complained to the king, who is 
said to have jocosely replied "Content yourselves; I 
will shortly make the English as beggarly as you, and so 
end that controversy." A ballad written at the time, and 
afterwards printed in Ritson's Country Chorister, thus 
notices the Scottishman's very much improved appearance 
after his residence for a few years in England : 

" Bonny Scot, we all witness can 
That England hath made thee a gentleman. 
Thy blue bonnet, when thou came hither, 
Could scarce keep out the wind and weather, 
But now it is turned to a hat and feather ; 
Thy bonnet is blown, the devil knows whither. 
Thy shoes on thy feet, when thou earnest from plough, 
Were made of the hide of an old Scot's cow; 
But now they are turned to a rare Spanish leather, 
And decked with roses altogether. 
Thy sword at the back was a great black blade, 
With a great basket-hilt of iron made ; 
But now a long rapier doth hang at thy side 
And huffingly doth this bonny Scot rkle-" 
Chambers, Domestic Annals, vol. i., p. 433. 

A Scottish lady, who accompanied her husband across the 
Border in the month of June following, has left a curious 
record of her expenses by the way, and during some time after 
her arrival in London. This document is printed by Fraser 
among the family papers at Eglinton Castle, and although 
he gives no account of it, we may reasonably infer that it 
was originally written by some member, or connexion, of 
the family. When this lady got so far as Newcastle, on 
her journey, she was obliged to. expend "iiii. s. for ten 
quarters of tefeni, to be me ane skarf." On her arrival in 
York, she incurred the following expenses : " For mend- 
ing of my coffer, vi. d. ; for ane par of shouis, ii. s. vi. d..; 
for tha wysching of my chlos, xii. d. ; for prines (pins), 
xii. d. ; for tou par of gloufes,, v. s. " In Lester, among 
other matters, she purchased certain trimmings " to make 



the laird had formerly done; and so setling a correspondence between them, the said George resided 
much at Court, and the Laird returned to his Lady and their children in Braidstane, and imploying 
some friends who traded into the next adjacent coasts of Ulster, he by them (from time to time) 
was informed of the state of that country, whereof he made his benefit (though with great cost and 
pains, as hereafter shall be related), giving frequent intimation of occurrences to his said brother, 
which were repeated to the King. After the King was some months in his palace at Whitehall, 
even in the first year of his reign, the affairs of Ireland came to be considered, and an office of 
inquest by jurors was held before some judges, whereby the forfeited temporal lands, and abby lands, 
and impropriations, and others of that sort, were found to have been vested in the Queen, and to be 
now lawfully descended to the King; but the rebellion and commotions raised by O'Doherty? and his 
associates in the county of Donegal, retarded (till next year) the further procedures to settlement. 

my quhyt (white) setting (satin) gown," for which she 
paid xx. d. ; thrid, vi. d. ; clespes, iiii. d." Arrived at 
Wondisour, she required " ane tyer of prell (pearls) to ver 
on my haed," which cost "x. s. ;" and "ane corldit 
wyer, to ver on my haed," which cost the same price. In 
Outlandis (Oatlands), the following were among several 
items of expense: "x. s. gifin to my lady Harintow's 
man, quhan she sent me ane peticot ; x. s. to my lady 
Harintow's man quhen I cem to Hamtoncourt ; ii. s. to 
the botman for taking me oup and doun the vatter ; v. s. 
to ane woman in Outislands that suor that Robert Stouert 
vas owen hir so much monie ; iii. s. for two par shous to 
my pag (page)." At Nonsuch, among other outlays, were 
the following : "Ane par of welluit pantlones, xii. s. ; 
ane quar of gilt peper, i. s. ; two chandeliers, iiii. s. ; ane 
par bellicis, i. s. ; two besimis (besoms), vi. d. ; to my lady 
Killders vagenman, for the caring of my sedell, v. s. ; ane 
plen pykit vyr, coverit with heir, to ver on my haed, x. s. ; 
ane par of worsit schianks to my pag, iii. s. ; to my lady 
Loumlis man quhan he broght me fmt, v. s. ; for the len 
of ane bed to Margrat Middletown sa lang as we ver in 
Nonsuch, x. s. ; gifin to James Dounkans man quhen he 
broght my gouns from Vinchester to Nonsuch, x. s. ; gifin 
to my lady Edmunts man quhan he broght me frut, v. s. ; 
to Johne Michell, quhan my lady Killderes void not lat 
no boyes stay, becaus of the plag, x. s. ; gifin to the man 
that kipit the Prences silluer vork, for lening me silluer 
vork so long as we var at the Prince Court, v. s. ; gifin for 
vyching my cloths and my pag cloths from my coming to 
Ingland quhill Martimes, xx. s." At Cumbe, the following, 
among many items of expense, are worthy of notice : 
" For ane Bybell, xii. s. ; for ane French bouk, i. s. ; for 
two reing, the on vith ane mbbi, and the other vith ane 
turkes ; the on to the man that teichis me to dance, and 
the other to the man that teichis me to vrel ; the pryce of 
the mbbi xx. schillings, prys of the turkes, xxiiii. schil- 
lings ; gifin to ane pure Skotis man quhan all the rest gef 
him, v. s. ; for two skins to line my masks, viiii. d. ; for 
fyve yardis of rund hollan to be me byg sokis, x. s. " 
Fraser, Memorials, vol. ii., pp. 245 51. 

9 By O^Doherty. The author here refers to the sudden 
and desperate movement of sir Cahir O'Doherty, which 
was supposed to have been a deeply premeditated rebel- 
lion, but which, in truth, was nothing more than an out- 
burst of rage on the part of that unfortunate chieftain, 
caused by gross personal provocation. On the death of 

his father, sir John O'Doherty, who was slain in the year 1660, 
the brother of the latter, named Phelim Oge, succeeded (by 
the tanist law, and with the consent of Hugh Roe O'Donel, 
lord of Tyrconnel), to the chieftainship of Inishowen. Al- 
though Cahir, being then but a boy, was considered too young 
to succeed to the leadership of his sept, sept, his foster- 
brothers, the MacDavitts, or MacDavids, were determined 
that he should not thus be set aside. They forthwith made 
known the case to sir Henry Docwra, offering to place the 
boy under his care, and moreover to renounce allegiance 
to Phelim Oge, the recognised head of their clan, on con- 
dition that sir Henry would procure from the crown, for 
their young chief, a grant of the lands of Inishowen. Sir 
Henry, naturally rejoicing at so signal an opportunity of 
assisting to abolish the Irish tanist law, and of substituting 
the English law of succession in its stead, accepted the 
proposal of the MacDavitts, and forthwith proclaimed 
Cahir as the queen's O'Doherty. The latter grew up 
under English influence, the pride of his foster-brothers, 
and the faithful assistant of sir Henry in all his skirmish- 
ing against the insurgent forces of O'Neill. His bravery 
on the field of Augher, where sir Henry encountered and 
defeated Cormac O'Neill, Tyrone's brother, was rewarded 
by the honour of knighthood, conferred by Mountjoy, the 
lord-lieutenant. On the final suppression of Tyrone's re- 
bellion in the spring of 1603, sir Cahir went to London, 
was received as a distinguished visitor at court, and had a 
new grant from James I. of all his lands, free from the 
exactions that had been ever previously claimed by his ter- 
ritorial superiors, the O'Donnells and the O'Neills. On his 
return from court, sir Cahir married Mary, daughter of 
Christopher, fourth viscount Gormanstown. After his 
marriage, he resided occasionally at the castles of Burt 
and Buncrana, but more frequently at Elagh, near Derry, 
where the family mansion had been rebuilt for the recep- 
tion of his bride. He seems to have had no regrets aris- 
ing from his abandonment of Irish customs and traditions, 
or his alienation from Irish leaders, knowing only his 
faithful foster-brothers, the MacDavitts, and associating 
with English settlers and officials in and around the 
city of Derry. Sir Cahir was known as decidedly hos- 
tile to the unfortunate earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel, 
and served as foreman of the jury at Lifford, where, after 
their flight, they were indicted for high treason. Only 
a month, however, after this zealous exhibition of his 
loyalty to the Government, sir Cahir appears to have 



In the mean while, the said Laird in the said first year of the King's reign pitched upon the 
following way (which he thought most fair and feazable) to get an estate in lands even with free 
consent of the forfeiting owner of them, and it was thus, viz. : The said Laird (in a short time after 
his return from the English Court) had got full information from his said trading friends of Con 
O'Neil's case and imprisonment in Carrickfergus towne, on account of a quarrell made by his servants 
with some soldiers in Belfast, done before the Queen died, which happened in manner next follow- 
ing, to witt: The said servants being sent with runletts to bring wine from Belfast 11 aforesaid, unto 
the said Con, their master, and Great Teirne 12 as they called him, then in a grand debauch at Cas- 

resolved suddenly to leave Ireland without asking the 
English authorities for a license to do so, which was in 
itself at that period a treasonable offence. The deputy, 
Chichester, instantly, on hearing this rumour, summoned 
him to Dublin, where sir Cahir, his father-in-law, and 
another gentleman, named Fitzwilliams, were required to 
enter into recognisances, himself for ,^1000 English, and 
the others for fifty marks Irish each, binding him not to 
leave Ireland during the next twelve months without the 
deputy's license, and requiring him to appear personally 
in Dublin at any time during that term, on receiving 
twenty days' notice. Soon after the arrangement of this 
affair, sir Cahir sold some lands to sir Richard Hansard, 
and, as it was necessary to have governor Pawlet's name 
affixed to the deed of transfer, the parties called on the 
latter for this purpose. It is more than probable that 
Pawlet had been the means of arousing the government's 
suspicions respecting sir Cahir's contemplated departure 
from Ireland, and it may be the latter charged him with 
some underhand influence on this occasion. At all events, 
during this interview, a furious controversy arose between 
them, in the course of which Pawlet, who was a man of 
violent temper, struck sir Cahir in the presence of the 
others. The Inishowen chief did not instantly retaliate, 
but went to relate the affair to his foster-brothers, who 
told him that blood only could atone for such an insult. 
The people on sir Cahir's estate were unanimously of the 
same opinion, and declared their readiness to espouse the 
quarrel of their lord. Sir Cahir having got a promise of 
assistance from his brother-in-law, the young chief of the 
O'Hanlons, proceeded to seize the fort of Culmore by 
stratagem, where heleftagarrison, and then marched rapidly 
on Deny. Pawlet was amongst the first to fall beneath 
the pikes and skeines of the O'Doherties. To plunder 
the houses of the wealthy inhabitants, collect arms, and burn 
the town was the work of only a few hours. When this 
was done, the insurgents proceeded to the palace of bishop 
Montgomery, who, fortunately for himself, happened 
to be in Dublin. Among the spoils removed were two 
thousand volumes from his library, for the restoration of 
which the bishop soon afterwards offered a hundred pounds 
weight of silver but in vain; for the books were burned 
in Culmore fort by Phelim Reagh M'Davitt. So soon as 
Chichester heard of the outbreak, he sent a force of 3000 
men against the O'Doherties ; under the command of sir 
Richard Wingfield, sir Toby Caulfeild, Josias Bodley, and 
others. The first and only skirmish took place on the 5th 
July, at the rock of Doon, in the vicinity of Kilmacrenan, 
where sir Cahir was shot by a common soldier. His head 
was struck off, sent to Dublin, and there exposed " on a pole 
on the east gate of the city, called Newgate." Meehan, 

Fate and Fortunes of the earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel, pp. 
' 287300; see also Annals of the Four Masters' 1 1608, with 
Dr. O'Donovan's notes, vo vi., p. 2359. On the 7th, 
Chichester issued his proclamation in which he announced 
that "O'Dohertie was happily slain near a place called 
Kilmacrenan, in the county of Tyrconnel, wherein God 
hath not only showed his just judgment upon this treacher- 
ous creature, but doth plainly declare to this nation and 
to all the world, that shame and confusion is the certain 
and infallible end of all traitors and rebels. " By this pro- 
clamation all O'Doherty's adherents were proscribed, and 
all who presumed to receive, or in any manner afford them 
relief, were to be "adjudged traitors in as high a degree 
as the said O'Dohertie himself or any of his adherents." 
The whole territory of Inishowen, which from time im- 
memorial had been the abode of the sept of O'Doherty, 
was handed over by James I. to Chichester, by grant dated 
22nd February, 1610, excepting 1300 acres reserved for 
the better maintenance of the city of Londonderry and the 
fort of Culmore. By the terms of this grant, sir Arthur 
was authorized to divide the whole territory into several 
precincts, each containing 2000 acres, erecting them into 
so many manors, and setting apart 500 acres, as demesne 
lands, to each manor. He was also empowered to hold 
fourseveral courts, leetand baron, viz. : "oneatBoncranagh, 
within the island of Inche, and territory of Tuogh-Cranoche; 
one within the Tuogh of Elagh; one within the lordship or 
manor of Greencastle; and one within the island of Malyne" 
(novvMalin). Calendar of Patent Rolls, James I. , p. 161. 

11 Bdfa-st. The progress of Belfast dates from the year 
1612, when the castle, town, and manor, were granted to 
sir Arthur Chichester. The name does not appear in 
Holinshed's enumeration of the principal seaports in the 
counties of Down and Antrim. In the year 1610, it is 
noticed in Speed's maps, but only as an unimportant 
village. It had been previously, in 1582, recommended 
by sir John Perrot as the "best and most convenient place 
in Ulster, for the establishment of shipbuilding;" but Bel- 
fast was not then within the English pale, and its natural 
advantages, including the magnificent woods of the district, 
were permitted, during several years afterwards to remain 

" Create Teirne. Teirne, from the Irish Tighearna, 
denotes a chief ruler in a district. From this title is 
derived Ochiern or Oigthierna, a term applied in Scotch 
law to the heir-apperent of a lordship, from Oig, " young," 
KtAtierna "lord." Logan, Scottish Gael, vol. i., p. 189. 
On the Latin form Tigherna, Dr. Reeves has the follow- 
remarks: "A Latin transformation of the Irish noun 
tigherna, a 'lord' proving that the^in the word is a radi- 
cal letter; and pointing to tig, a house, as the derivation, 



tlereagh, with his brothers, his friends, and followers; they returning (without wine) to him battered 
and bled, complained that the soldiers had taken the wine, with the casks, from them by force- 
Con enquiring (of them) into the matter, they confessed their number twice exceeded the soldiers, who 
indeed had abused them, they being very drunk. On this report of the said servants, Con was vehe- 
mently moved to anger; reproached them bitterly; and, in rage, swore by his father, and by all his 
noble ancestors' souls, that none of them should ever serve him or his family (for he was married 
and had issue^) if they went not back forthwith and did not revenge the affront done to him and 
themselves, by those few Boddagh Sasonagh 1 * soldiers (as he termed them). The said servants (as 
yet more than half drunk), avowed to execute that revenge, and hasted away instantly; arming them- 
selves in the best way they could, in that short time, and engaged the same soldiers (from words to 
blows), assaulting them with their weapons; and in the scuffle (for it was no orderly fight), one of 
the soldiers happened to receive a wound, of which he died that night, and some other slashes were 
given; but the Teagues's were beaten off and chased, some sore wounded and others killed; only the 
best runners got away Scott free. The pursuit was not far, because the soldiers feared a second 

like dominus, from domus, rather than to tyrannus, which 
O'Brien proposes. In the narrative (Life of St. Columba) 
these princes are called regii generis viri and nobiles viri. 
In the Lives of the Irish Saints, Dux is the usual repre- 
sentative of this word. The founder of Clones was called 
Tighernach, "quia multorum dominorum et regum nepos 
est." (Act. SS. Apr., torn, i., p. 401. ) The word appears 
in the old Welsh form of tigirn, and the Cornish 
ttyrn, as also in the proper names, Guorthigern, Etttigern, 
Tiarnan, Maettiern. (Zeuss, Gram. Celt, i., p. 100, 151, 
158, 162.) So Kentigern is interpreted Capitalis Domi- 
nus. (Pinkerton, Vit. Ant., p, 107)." Adamnan's Life 
of St. Columba, edited by the Rev. Dr. Reeves, p. 81, 
note a. Teirne is translated by the Scottish word laird, de- 
noting a landowner holding directly from the crown, and 
not from a feudal superior. The author defines laird as 
equivalent to an esquire, but until the sixteenth century, the 
laird was much the more important personage of the two. 
13 Had issue. His wife was a kinswoman, her name being 
Ellis-ny-Neill. They had at least two sons, namely Hugh 
Boy and Con Oge, whose son Domhnall (Donnell) was in 
1623, a claimant of a portion of his grandfather's lands. 
This Donnell, commonly known as sir Daniel O'Neill, was 
a gentleman of the bedchamber to Charles I. and II. 
4 Bodagh Sasonagh.Or rather, Bodach Sassenach, a 
phrase used by the Irish to mark the coarse manners and 
cold reserve of the English, especially of such as had not 
been residents in Ireland. These were generally super- 
cilious in their demeanour to the Irish, calling them 
Teagues ; and not less so to the English of the birth of 
Ireland, whom they called /ra/j Doggs, and who did not fail 
to fling back upon them the opprobrious name of ^English 
Jwbbe," 1 or churls. This use of invidious names among the 
English in Ireland required to be checked by Act of Par- 
liament at an early period. The ipth of Edward III. , 
cap. 4, enacted "that no difference of allegiance shall 
henceforth be made between the English born in Ireland 
and the English born in England, by calling them Eng- 
lish hobbe, or Irish dogge ; but that all be called by one 
name, the English lieges of our lord the king." The 
native Irish rarely, if ever, applied the term Bodach 

Sassenach to the English of the birth of Ireland, but re- 
served it, as in the instance mentioned in the text, for 
such English as had newly arrived, either as soldiers, or 
in some official capacity. Prendergast, Cromwellian 
Settlement of Ireland, Introduction, pp. Ixii. iii. 

15 The Teagues. The Irish Christian name TV^-(Tadhg), 
now represented by Thaddeus or Thady, was formerly so 
common that it was used to designate Irishmen generally, 
just as the term Paddy at the present day. This use of the 
name was probably introduced by English settlers, who 
spoke of the mere Irish who had no free or English blood as 
Teagues. Under the Cromwellian settlement of Ireland, 
landlords were bound to see that their Irish tenants should 
learn to speak English within a limited time, and also 
abandon their Irish names of Tiege and Dermot, then 
almost universally used, calling themselves by the English 
translations of such names. Prendergast, Cromwellian 
Settlement of Ireland, p. 119. The former, "which, 
according to all Irish glossaries, signifies a poet, . . . 
was first anglicised Thady, and the editor (O'Donovan) 
is acquainted with individuals who have rendered it Thad- 
daeus, Theophilus, and Theodosius." Topographical 
Poems of John O'Dubhagain and Giolla Na Naomh 
O'Huidhrin, edited by Dr. O'Donovan, Introduction, p. 
52. The term Teague ceased to be used as a contemp- 
tuous epithet in modem times. During the seventeenth 
and early part of the eighteenth century, it is often intro- 
duced in plays, jest-books, and comic writings generally, 
and sometimes preceded by the adjective honest. An 
illustration is found in the poems of Matthew Prior: 
" His case appears to me like honest Teague's 
When he was run away with by his legs." 

The Hon. Daines Barrington, Observations on the more 
Ancient Statutes from Magna Charta to the twenty-first 
of James I., Cap. XXVIL, conjectures about the deri- 
vation of Teague as follows: "In the laws of Hoel 
Dda, the villeyns are called Taeagua. From hence 
Teague is probably a term of reproach among the Irish ; 
though the villeyns which they had anciently, seem to 
have been more commonly styled betaghii, or betaghs." 
P. 302, and note. 


assault from the hill of Castlereagh, 16 where the said Con, with his two brothers, 1 ? friends, and followers 
(for want of more dorgh 18 ), stood beholders of the chase. Then in a week next after this fray, an 
office of en quest was held on Con, and those of his said friends and followers, and also on the 
servants, and on all that were suspected to be procurers, advisers, or actors therein, and all whom 
the Provost Marshall could seize (were taken), by which office the said Con, with some of his friends, 
were found guilty of levying war against the Queen. Z 9 This mischief happened a few months before 
her death; and the whole matter being well known to the said Laird, and his brother, and his friends, 
soon after the King's accession to the English Crown, early application was made to his Majesty 
for a grant of half the said Con's lands, the rest to Con himself, which was readily promised; but 
could not, till the second of his reign, by any means be performed, by reason of the obstacles to the 
settlement of Ireland aforesaid. 

But I must a little go retrograde, to make my report of their affairs better understood. The 
Laird having met with his brother, and returned from London (as before mentioned), came home, 
(his second son 20 being then about the third year of his age), and industriously minded the affairs 

16 Hill of Castlereagh. The site of Castlereagh, cats- 
lean riabhach, " grey-castle," is somewhat over two miles 
in a south- eastern direction from the Long Bridge of Bel- 
fast. This castle gave name to one of the nine sub-divi- 
sions of the ancient Clannaboy, a name which is now 
applied to the whole territory as comprised in the two 
modern baronies of Castlereagh. Chancellor Cusacke, 
writing on the 8th of May, 1552, to the earl of Northumber- 
land, has the following statement in reference to this dis- 
trict : "The same Hugh (O'Neill) hath two castells, one 
called Bealefarst, an ould castell, standing uppone a ffourde 
that leadeth from Arde to Claneboye, which, being well 
repayred, being now broken, would be good defence betwixt 
the woodes and Knockfergus. The other, called Castell- 
riouglie is fower miles from Bealefarst, and standeth uppone 
the playne in the midst of the woodes of the Dufferin." 
Reid, Hist, of the Pres. Church, vol. i., p. 485. Of the 
latter castle, Dr. Reeves remarks : " It had been occu- 
pied successively by Bryan Fagartach O'Neill, his son 
Neill, and his grandson Con, when Bryan MacArt O'Neill, 
a relative of the earl of Tyrone, seized upon it. In 
1601, it was taken by sir Arthur Chichester, and restored 
to Con O'Neill, who, in the preceding year, had been 
taken, with his retainers, into the Queen's pay. He 
held it, however, but a very short time, for a few months 
before the Queen's death, on occasion of his indulging in 
a grand debauch at Castlereagh with his brothers, his 
friends, and his followers, a riot occurred between his ser- 
vants and some soldiers, in which one of them received a 
mortal wound. This affray was pronounced the fol- 
lowing week to be a 'levying war against the Queen;' 
Con O'Neill was imprisoned in Carrickfergus, and cir- 
cumstances put in that train which eventuated in the entire 
transfer of the south Clannaboy estates to other posses- 
sors." Eccl. Antiquities, p. 347. 

17 Tivo brothers. The two brothers were Hugh Mergagh 
O'Neill and Toole O'Neill. 

18 More dorgh. The phrase, "for want of more dorgh," 
simply meant, for want of something else, or something 
better, to do. The word dorgh or dargh is evidently a con- 
traction for day's 'work. In the county of Antrim, dargh, 

pronounced da 1 ark, is used in the sense of day's work, but 
"only in turf-cutting time. The tenant farmers in the 
parish of Alloa "are subject to a dargh (or day's work) 
for every acre, or rod per annum," in addition to the 
regular rent. New Stat Account of Scotland, vol. viii. , p. 
602. These days are known as dargh-days. A Scottish 
proverb affirms that "he never wrought a good dark that 
went grumbling to it. " Another common proverb is "tine 
needle, tine darg," said to girls who lose their needles. A 
darg of peat-moss means as much as can be converted into 
turf in a day. Love-dargh is work done for affection or 
good-will instead of payment. Darghing or darghening 
is used in Scotland for working by the day. Thus, 

" I wish they'd mind how many's willing 
To win by industry a shilling 
Are glad to fa' to wark that's killing 

To common darghing. Galltrway Poems, p. 9. 

Dargher is used in Scotland, but not in Ulster, for a day 
labourer. Thus, in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, 
vol. iii., p. 357, we have the following illustration : 

" The croonin kie the byre drew nigh, 
The darglier left his thrift." 

See Jameson, Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish 

19 War against the Queen. The act on which Con's 
enemies depended, in his contemplated destruction, was 
doubtless the loth Henry VII. , c. 13, entitled, An Act 
that no person stir any Irishry to make war, and providing 
that "whatsoever person or persons fro' this day forward 
cause assemble, or insurrection, conspiracies, or in any 
wise procure or stirre Irishry or Englishry to make warre 
against our sovereign lord the king's authority that is to 
say, his lieutenant, or deputy, or justice, or else, if any 
manner person procure or stirre the Irishry to make warre 
against the Englishry, be deemed traytour, atteynt of high 
treason, in likewise such as assemble an insurrection had 
been levied against the king's own person." Irish 
Statutes, vol. i., p. 51. 

20 His second son Afterwards so well known as sir 
James Montgomery of Rosemount, born in the year 


in Ireland; and, by his said brother gave frequent intimations to the King, or his Secretary for Scot- 
land, 21 of all occurrences he could learne, especially out of Ulster (which had never been fully made 
subject to England); which services of the Laird, and the King's promise, were by his brother re- 
newed in the King's memory, as occasion served to that purpose. And the effects answered his 
pains and expectations, which was in this manner, viz. : The Queen being dead, the King filling 
her (late) throne, O'Doherty soon subdued, and the Chief-Governors in this kingdom of Ireland 
foreseeing alteration in places, and the King's former connivance of supplies, and his secret favor to 
the O'Neils and M'Donnells, in counties of Down and Antrim (being now well known 22 ) as to make 

21 Secretary for Scotland. This official was sir William 
Alexander of Menstrie. 

22 Being now well known Although James had been 
lavish in professions of friendship to Elizabeth, and more 
especially towards the end of her life, he really connived 
with the Ulster insurgents, headed by O'Neill, and actively 
assisted by sir James Macdonnell, of Dunluce. The king 
even sent supplies secretly from Scotland; in gratitude for 
which, O'Neill, after his victory over the English at the 
Blackwater, sent O'Hagan, his secretary, to Holyrood, to 
negotiate for additional means, which would enable him to 
march at once on Dublin, and proclaim his majesty king 
of Ireland, without longer waiting for Elizabeth's death. 
But the question of the succession on the queen's death was 
to James the most serious problem of his life, and he feared 
above all things, to take any steps, or adopt any policy, 
which might tend to thwart his eagerly-cherished hopes. 
Whilst conniving with O'Neill, therefore, he feared to 
accept his offer just then. His encouragement of the rebel 
chieftains, James and Randal Macdonnell, was more pub- 
licly given. He was well aware that these powerful Scots 
could do much either to oppose or facilitate his succession 
to the English throne. Whilst, therefore, he persecuted the 
Macdonnells of Isla and Cantire, because of their known 
leanings towards the English government, he cultivated the 
most friendly relations with the Macdonnells of Dunluce, 
because of their equally well-known hostility to that gov- 
ernment. Sir James Macdonnell of Dunluce, the eldest 
surviving son and successor of the celebrated Somhairle 
Buidhe (more familiarly known as Sorley Boy), visited the 
Scottish court in 1597, and received a distinguished wel- 
come. This visit is noticed in Patrick Anderson's MS. 
History of Scotland v& follows: "At this time, one sir 
James MacBuie (sir James MacSorley Macdonnell), a 
great man in Ireland, being here for the time to complain 
of our chief islemen, was knighted, and went with his train 
and dependers to visit the castle and provision therein, and 
gave great and noble rewards to the keepers." Birrel's 
Diary speaks of his leaving Edinburgh thus: "The yth 
of May, he went homeward, and for honour of his banality 
(ban oiler, an entertainment at the commencement of a 
journey) the cannons shot out of the castle of Edinburgh." 
The Chronicle of the Scottish Kings, published by the Mait- 
land Club, has the following record of Macdonnell of 
Dunluce* "This sir James was ane man of Scottis bluid, 
albeit his lands lies in Ireland. He was ane braw man of 
person and behaviour, but had not the Scots tongue, nor 
nae language but Erse (Irish)." After the suppression of 
the rebellion, the King's evident partiality for these rebel 
chieftains was apparent. No sooner had he succeeded to 
the English throne than he wrote to Mount] oy, informing 

him that O'Neill's pardon had been arranged, and that all 
the other grants promised by Mountjoy at O'Neill's sur- 
render should be fully accorded to the latter. The King 
concluded his letter by requesting Mountjoy "to indiice 
Tyrone to repair personally to London, as we think it 
very convenient for our service, and require you so to do; 
and if not, that you at least bring his son." When O'Neill, 
soon afterwards, visited London, his distinguished recep- 
tion by James astounded all men, but none more than sir 
John Harrington. "I have lived," writes the latter, to 
the bishop of Bath and Wells, "to see that damnable 
rebel, Tyrone, brought to England honoured and well 
liked. Oh, what is there that does not prove the incon- 
stancy of worldly matters. How I did labour after that 
knave's destruction. I adventured perils by sea and land, 
was near starving, eat horse-flesh in Minister, and all to 
quell that man, who now smileth in peace at those who 
did hazard their lives to destroy him; and now doth Tyrone 
dare us, old commanders, with his presence and protection!" 
O'Neill was restored in blood, obtained the restoration of 
his lands (excepting such as had been granted to sir Henry 
Oge O'Neill, and sir Turlough MacHenrie O'Neill), and, 
in addition, was given authority for the exercise of martial 
law "to be executed upon all offenders, the better to keep 
them in obedience." The representative of the Macdon- 
nells fared equally well, and, as it turned out, with much 
greater good fortune. Sir James MacSorley the elder 
brother had died in 1601 at Dunluce, but his brother, 
Randal, obtained a grant, in the first year of James' reign, 
of the territories known as the Route and Glynnes, in 
the county of Antrim, extending from Lame to Coleraine, 
and containing upwards of three hundred thousand statute 
acres. The exceptions reserved from this immense estate 
were only three parts in four of the fishing of the river 
Bann, the castle of Olderfleet with its appurtenances, the 
lands belonging to the see of Down and Connor, the 
lately dissolved abbey or monastery of Coleraine, and the 
interest of all free tenants who had any estate in the 
premises. The "Informations" of Nial Garve O'Donnell 
represent sir Randal as afterwards holding very intimate 
relations with the King. " He (O'Donnell) saith further, 
that it is a common opinion among all them in the north, 
that sir Randal Macdonnell is a party with them (O'Neill 
and O'Donnell, earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel), in all 
plots and devices, and that he had given out, that he cares 
not for sir Arthur Chichester more than for an ordinary 
person, knowing the King will hear him and further his 
desires, and if he should not, he would show him another 
trick." Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. i., 
pp. 286-7 ; Meehan, Fate and Fortunes of the earls of 
Tyrone and Tyrconnel, pp. 36, 39, 40, 7 1 . 


them his friends, and a future party for facilitating his peaceable entry and possession in those northern 
parts of the country (if needful), it so came to pass that the said Con had liberty to walk at his 
pleasure (in the day time) in the streets of Carrickfergus, and to entertain his friends and tenants in 
any victualling house within the towne, having only a single sentinel to keep him in custody, and 
every night delivered him to the Marshall. 2 3 And thus Con's confinement (which lasted several 
months after the Queen's death) was the easier, and supportable enough, in regard that 
his estate was not seized by the escheators, 2 * and that his words (at his grand debauch aforesaid) 
were reputed very pardonable, seeing greater offences would be remitted by his Majesty's gracious 
declaration of amnesty, which was from time to time expected, but delayed on the obstacles 
aforesaid. 2 s 

23 To the Marshall. The marshall, at that date, was 
probably Thomas Dobbin, who resided at the rere of an 
antique building in Carrickfergus, then the prison of the 
county of Antrim. M'Skimin, History of Carrickfergus, 
3rd edition, p. 113. 

24 The escheators. Escheat ors from the French Es- 
cheoir, were officers appointed in every county to make 
inquests of titles, which inquests were, in all cases, to be 
taken by the good and lawful men of the county, impan- 
nelled by the sheriff. (14 Edward III., c. 8 ; 35 Edward 
III., c. 13.) Escheat lands or tenements were such as 
casually fell to the king, or to the lord of the manor, by 
some unforeseen contingency, such as forfeiture for treason, 
or the death of a tenant without heir general or special. 
Wishaw, Law Dictionary, p. 108. From the original 
verb caer the Provenal form of the Latin cadere, came 
the old French c/iaeir, cheoir, escheir, to fall ; and the nouns 
chaet, cheite, a fall; and also the English words, a cheat, or 
cheater, the escheators having, by the very nature of their 
office, so many opportunities of fraud and oppression. 
The abuses to which this office was liable are stated as 
follows, in the preamble of the statute, I Hen. VIII. , c. 
8 " Forasmuch as divers of the king's subjects have been 
sore hurt, troubled, and disherited by escheators, and com- 
missioners causing untrue offices to be found, and some- 
times returning into the courts of record offices inqui- 
sitions that were never found, and sometimes changing the 
matter of the offices that were truly found, to the great 
hurt, trouble, and disherison of the king's true subjects, 
&c." See Bisset's History of the Commonwealth of Eng- 
land, vol. ii., p. 1 6. 

25 Obstacles aforesaid. The first act of James I. in relation 
to Ireland was an act of general oblivion and indemnity. 
The king's utter failure afterwards, through the evil influence 
ofChichesterand Davies, in carry ing out his loudly-professed 
purposes of good towards Ireland, is well stated by Mr. 
Prendergast, as follows : "He restored the earl of Tyrone 
to his estates; he promised the Irish that they should 
henceforth hold their lands as English freeholders, instead 
of under the law of tanistry, and assured the degenerate 
English that their estates should be confirmed to them for 
the future against the claims of discoverers, on easy terms 
of composition. By these measures the perpetual war, 
which had continued between the nations for four hundred 
and odd years, and was caused, says sir John Davies, by 
the purpose entertained by the English to roote out the 
Irish, was to be brought to an end. But before many years 

were past these first good resolutions were abandoned. 
The right of the Irish to their lands was derided ; and we 
find sir John himself sharing in the spoil. In the mean- 
time, the king's design with regard to the -Irish was to 
restore to the chiefs and principal gentlemen such demesnes 
as they kept in their own occupation, to hold as tenants 
by knight's service under the king; and to fix the inferior 
members of the clan, hitherto living the wandering life of 
the creaghts, in settled villages, paying certain money rents 
to their lords, instead of their former uncertain spendings, 
the object being to break up the clan system, and to 
destroy the power of the chiefs. This plan seems to have 
been matured by the summer of 1607. On the 1 7th of 
July, in that year, sir Arthur Chichester, lord-deputy, 
accompanied by sir John Davies and other commissioners, 
proceeded to Ulster, with powers to inquire what lands 
each man held. There appeared before them in each 
county which they visited the chief lords and Irish gentle- 
men, the heads of creaghts, and the common people, the 
Brehons and Shannahs, a kind of Irish heralds or chroni- 
clers, who knew all the septs and families, and took upon 
themselves to tell what quantity of land every man ought 
to have; they thus ascertained and booked their several 
lands, and the lord-deputy promised them estates in them. 
'He thus,' says sir John Davies, 'made it a year of jubilee 
to the poor inhabitants, because every man was to return 
to his own house, and be restored to his ancient posses- 
sions, and they all went home rejoicing.' Notwithstanding 
these promises, the king, in the following year, issued his 
scheme for the Plantation of Ulster, urged to it, it would 
seem, by sir Arthur Chichester, who so largely profited by 
it, though the highest councillor in the kingdom told him 
to his face, in the king's presence, that it was against the 
honour of the king and the justice of the kingdom. It 
could not be said that the flight of O'Neill and O'Donnell, 
earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnell, gave occasion to this 
change ; for the king immediately issued a proclamation 
(which he reversed on taking formal possession of the earls' 
territory), assuring the inhabitants that they should be 
protected and preserved in their estates, nothwithstanding 
the flight of the earls; nor the outbreak of sir Cahir 
O'Doherty, in the month of May, 1608, as it was confined 
to the neighbourhood of Londonderry, which he attacked, 
killing the governor, who had dared to strike him. Manors 
of 1000, 1500, and 3000 acres were offered by this project 
to such English and Scottish as should undertake to plant 
their lots with British Protestants, and engage to allow no 



In the mean time, the Laird used the same sort of contrivance for Con's escape as he had here- 
tofore done for his own ; and thus it was, viz. : The Laird had formerly employed, for intelligence 
as aforesaid, one Thomas Montgomery of Blac'kstown, 26 a fee farmer (in Scotland, they call such 
gentlemen feuers 2 ?); he was a cadet of the family of Braidstane, but of a remote sanguinity to the 
Laird, whose actions are now related. This Thomas had personally divers times traded with grain 
and other things to Carrickfergus, and was well trusted therein; and had a small bark, of which he 
was owner and constant commander; which Thomas being a discreet, sensible gentleman, and having 
a fair prospect given him of raising his fortune in Ireland, was now employed and furnished with 
instructions and letters to the said Con, who, on a second speedy application in the affair consented 
to the terms proposed by the Laird, and to go to him at Braidstane, provided the said Thomas would 
bring his escape so about as if constrained, by force and fears of death, to go with him. These 
resolutions being, with full secrecy, concerted, Thomas aforesaid (as the Laird had formerly advised) 
having made love to the Town Marshall's daughter, called Annas Dobbin 28 (whom I have often seen 
and spoken with, for she lived in Newtown till Anno 1664), and had gained hers and parent's con- 
sents to be wedded together. This took umbrages of suspicion away, and so by contrivance with 
his espoused, an opportunity, one night, was given to the said Thomas and his barque's crew to take 
on board the said Con, as it were by force, he making no noise for fear of being stabbed, as was 
reported next day through the town. 

The escape being thus made and the bark, before next sun-set, arriving safe at the Larggs, 2 9 in 

Irish to dwell upon them. For the security of the Planta- v 
tion, all Irish who had been in arms were to be transplanted 
with their families, cattle, and followers, to waste places in 
Munster and Connaught, and there set down at a distance 
from one another; while those who should be suffered to 
remain were to remove from the lands allotted to planters, to 
places where they could be under the eye of the government 
officers. . . . The Irish gentlemen who did not forfeit their 
estates received proportions intended to be three-fourths. of 
their former lands, but often only one-half orone-third (as the 
English were 'their own carvers'), as immediate tenants 
of the king Their lands were liable to forfeiture if the 
chief took from any of his former clansmen any of his 
ancient customary exactions of victuals; if he went coshering 
on them as of old; if he used gavelkind, or took the name 
of the great O, whether O'Neill or O'Donnell, O'Carroll 
or O'Connor. On his death, his youthful heir was 
made ward to a Protestant, to be brought up in Trinity 
College, Dublin, from his twelfth to his eighteenth year, 
in English habits and religion often after this enforced 
conformity all the more embittered, like sir Phelim O'Neill, 
against English religion. The wandering creaghts were 
now to become his tenants at fixed money rents. He 
covenanted that they should build and dwell in villages, 
and live on allotted portions of land, 'to them as grievous 
as to be made bond slaves.' Unable to keep their cattle 
on the small portions of land assigned to them, instead of 
ranging at large, they sold away both corn and cattle. 
Unused to money rents, though of victuals they formerly 
made small account because of their plenty, they were 
unable to pay their rents; and, their lords finding it im- 
possible to exact them, and being thus deprived of their 

living, numbers of them fled to Spain." Cromwdlian 
Settlement of Ireland, Introduction, pp. Ixix. Ixxii. For 
a list of persons pardoned in the County of Down soon 
after the king's accession, see Appendix B. 

26 Blacksto-tun. Blackstown was the name of a farm 
adjoining the lands of Braidstane. 

27 Gentlemen feuers. In Scotland a feu farmer was one 
who held lands by a vassal tenure instead of by military 
tenure. The mode of tenure is called feu-ferme, the rent 

feu-dfWtU) and the person holding/t'#^r. "In case it sail 
happen in time cummin ony vassal or fewar, holding lands 
in feu-ferme, shall failye in making of payment of his few- 
dewtie, he sail amitt and tine his said feu ; or his said lands 
conforme to the civil and canon law. " {Act Joe. vi. c. 
246. 1 597.) "Lands holden in feu-ferme, payand ane 
certaine yearly dewtie, nomine fev)di-ferm<z, may be 
recognosced by the superior for non-payment of few- 
dewtie.." Skene, quoted in Jamieson's Etymological Dic- 

28 Annas Dobbin. For notices of the family of Dobbin 
of Carrickfergus, see M 'Skimin, History of Carrickfergus, 
3rd edit, pp. 40, 113, 114, 115, 119, 319, 322, 323, 331. 

29 Larggs. Timothy Pont, the well-known Scottish to- 
pographer, who wrote at the beginning of the seventeenth 
century, has the following notice of Largs: "Neir this 
town did ye Scotts obtain a memorable victory under 
Alexander ye III., against Acho, king of Norway, quhose 
armies they utterly overthrew. It is a burgh of barony; 
it is a fyne plot, extended on ye bank of the great occeane, 
laying lowe. It hath also a small porte for botts on ye 
mouth of ye river Gogow. Upon ye north side of ye 
toune there is a part called by ye vulgar ye prison fold, 


Scotland, on notice thereof, our valorous and well-bred Laird kept his state, staying at home, and 
sent his brother-in-law, 3 Patrick Montgomery (of whom at large hereafter, for he was also instrumental 
in the escape), and other friends, with a number of his tenants, and some servants, all well mounted 
and armed, as was usual in those days, to salute the said Con, to congratulate his happy escape, and 
to attend him to Braidstane, where he was joyfully and courteously received by the Laird and his 
Lady with their nearest friends.3 1 He was kindly entertained and treated with a due defference to 
his birth and quality, and observed with great respect by the Laird's children and servants, they 
being taught so to beheave themselves. In this place the said Con entered into indenture of articles 
of agreement, the tenor whereof was that the said Laird should entertaine and subsist him, the said 
Con, in quality of an Esq., and also his followers, in their moderate and ordinary expenses; should 
procure his pardon for all his and their crimes and transgressions against the law (which indeed were 
not very heinous nor erroneous), and should get the enquest to be vacated, and the one-half of his 
estate (whereof Castlereagh and circumjacent lands to be a part) to be granted to himself by letters 
patent from the King; to obtain for him that he might be admitted to kiss his Majestie's hand, 
and to have a general reception into favour; all this to be at the proper expenses, cost and charges 
of the said Laird, who agreed and covenanted to the performance of the premises on his part. In 
consideration whereof, the said Con did agree, covenant, grant, and assign, by the said indenture, 
the other one-half of all his land estate, to be and enure to the only use and behoof of the said Laird, 
his heirs and assigns, at which time the said Con, also signing and registering; but no sealing of 
deeds being usual in Scotland, he promised by an instrument in writing to convey part of his own 

quher ther was a grate number of Danes enclosed and Andrew Stewart, who was Presbyterian minister at 
taken prisoner at ye battail of ye Lairgs." Fair lie Castle, Donaghadee from 1645 to 1671: "On these begin- 
now in ruins, Pont describes as, in his time, "a strong nings they proceed. The wife endeavours her hus- 
toure, and very ancient, beautified with orchards and gar- band's delivery, and Montgomery to have a vessel ready 
dens." Kdburne Castle, he states, "is a goodly building, to send for him upon notice given. The woman, there- 
veill planted, having very beautiful orchardes and gardens, fore, returning with what speed she could to Ireland, had 
and in one of them a spatious roume, adorned with a access when she would into the castle of Carrickfergus, 
christalin fontane, cut all out of the living rocke." Knock where her husband was ; sometime to bring in clothes, 
Castle is "a pretty dwelling, seatted on the mane occeane, sometime drink, sometime meat, and never, almost, with- 
and veill planted." Skelmorlie Castle, "seated on the out some appearance of a good errand. At last she had 
mane occeane, is a fair veill built house, decorred with appointed a boat to come from Bangor, which, being 
orchards and woodes, the inheritance of Robert Mont- light, might even come under the castle, and receive Con 
gomerie, laird thereof, who holds it off ye carles of Glen- out at a window at a certain hour, and thus to effect it. 
cairn." The following notice of Largs parish is abridged For one day she came into the chamber with two big 
from the Old Statistical Account of Scotland, vol. ii., p. cheeses, the meat being neatly taken out, and filled with 
360: "No parish in the west of Scotland, and few in cords, well packed in, and the holes handsomely made 
the Highlands, can afford such a variety of beautiful and up again. Those she brought to him without any sus- 
romantic scenes. The hills which begin to rise in the picion of deceit, and left him to hank himself down from 
neighbouring parishes of Greenock, Kilmalcolm, Loch- the window at such a time when, by moonshine, he might 
winnock, Kilbirnie, and Dairy, meet in a kind of general see the boat ready, and so begone as it was already con- 
summit at the eastern boundary of Largs, from which they trived. All this is done accordingly, and Con brought 
gradually descend as they approach the shore, till they over to the church of Bangor, where, in an old steeple, 
terminate at last in a variety of abrupt declivities, some he is hid, and kept till such time as Hugh Montgomery 
of which are almost perpendicular, as if part of their base might be advertised to send a relief for him. And indeed 
had been torn away by force. " Paterson, Account of the it was not long till, wind and weather serving, there is a 
Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., pp. 298, 301. boat sent with Patrick Montgomery, afterwards of Creboy, 

30 His brother-in-law. Patrick Montgomery had mar- in Ireland, to carry Con away. And away he went, and 
ried Christina Shaw of Greenock, sister to the sixth was well and kindly entertained in Scotland by the 
laird's wife. . family of Broadstone, till Hugh made ready and went to 

31 Nearest friends. The following account of Con's London, to do what he could to bring his desires to 
escape is preserved in a manuscript written by the Rev. pass." 



moiety unto the said Patricks 2 and Thomases as a requital of their pains for him, which he afterwards 
performed, the said Laird signing as consenting to the said instrument, the said agreements being 
fully indorsed and registered (as I was told) in the town council book of the Royal Burgh of Air or 
Irwine, the original of that indenture to the Laird I had, and shewed to many worshipful persons, 
but it was burnt with the house of Rosemount, the i6th February, 1695.34 

Upon the said agreement the said Laird and Con went to Westminster, where the said George 
had been many months Chaplain and Ordinary to his Majesty, and was provided with a living in 
London, in Commendum,35 worth above ^200 per annum, and the Laird was there assumed to be an 

s 2 Said Patrick. Patrick Montgomery is more than 
once mentioned afterwards by the author in these manu- 
scripts. Scottish genealogists represent him as a nephew 
of sir Hugh Montgomery; but William Montgomeryspeaks 
of him only as brother-in-law to sir Hugh. He obtained 
a grant of lands from sir Hugh at Creboy, or Craigbuye, 
about a mile and a half southward from the town of 
Donaghadee. We can find no mention of Con O'Neill's 
granting lands directly to Patrick Montgomery. Sir 
Hugh granted to him, by deed dated igth July, 1616, 
the lands of Ballyhannode and Ballygortevil, which he 
held in 1623, as appears by the Inquisition taken at Down- 
fatrick in that year. These lands lay in Con's division, 
but afterwards passed into the hands of sir Hugh Mont- 
gomery, and the deed received by Patrick from the latter, 
in 1616, was, most probably, a confirmation of the grant 
originally derived from O'Neill. The report of the com- 
mission appointed to hold the Inquisition abovenamed was 
delivered into Chancery on the 22nd of June, 1624, and ori- 
ginally filled twenty-one membranes. This most valu- 
able document has, unfortunately, been mutilated, the 
halves of all the leaves, from eleven to twenty inclusive, 
having been cut away. Supplement to Eighth Report of 
the Irish Record Commission, p. 468, note. See Reeves, 
Eccles. Antiquities, p. 347, note p., where this record 
is first noticed. Extracts from this mutilated original have 
been printed in Morrin's Calendar of the Patent and Close 
Rolls of Chancery in Ireland of the Reign of Charles I. , 
1863, pp. 225 233 ; and its whole contents have been 
published in the Appendix to the Hamilton Manuscripts, 
1867, pp. xxix Ix. The copy to which the editor of the 
Montgomery Manuscripts had access belongs to J. B. 
Houston, Esq., Orangefield, near Belfast. It is probably 
an almost complete copy of the original MS., and contains, 
in addition, as appears from marginal notices, several most 
interesting documents described as not being in the manu- 
script, but supplied from papers in the possession of Dean 
Dobbs. By the kindness of Mr. Houston we are enabled 
to print its entire contents, including the documents above- 
mentioned, which the reader may find in Appendix A, 
at the end of this volume. 

33 Thomas. This gentleman's name is not after- 
wards mentioned by the author. In return for his very 
important services, he received grants of lands in the 
Ards from Con O'Neill and Sir Hugh Montgomery. 
The former gave him an enfeoffment, dated 25th April, 
1606, of the lands of Ballyrossbuye, in the Gallough, be- 
tween Castlereagh and Belfast, with all the appurtenances 
and privileges belonging thereto. Inquisition of 1623. 
Among the Rolls of Chancery is an indenture, whereby 

Thomas Mountgomery, of Scotland, dwelling in the 
Newtowne, in the higher Clandeboys, granted and 
conveyed to James Cowper, of Neither Manes, then 
(1609) residing at Comber, and Alice, his wife, half 
of the lands of Ballyhosker, in the Great Ardes to 
hold in fee-farm and heritage of the right worshipful sir 
Hugh Montgomery, one of the esquires of his majesty's 
body, as of the manor of Gray Abbey, for ever. Feb- 
ruary 6, 1609. Morrin's Calendar, Reign of Charles /., 
P- 397- 

4 The \(>th February, 1695. At page I, the author 
states that he lost by this conflagration several " authentic 
papers and parchments," among which, we are now told, 
was the original indenture between Con O'Neill and the 
sixth laird of Braidstane. The loss of this document is 
to be regretted, as, unfortunately, the copy of it which 
was registered in the "town-council Book of the Royal 
Burgh of Air or Irwine," does not now exist. The Town 
Council Minutes of Ayr were carefully searched, but in vain; 
and, on the editor's application to the proper authorities 
in the sherift's court, he received the following reply : 
"County Buildings, Ayr, igth Dec., 1866. 

"DEAR SIR, I have made a complete search for the document 
referred to by you in your letter of the isth current, but have failed 
in finding any trace of its having been recorded in the Sheriff Court 
Books of this county. I am, dear sir, yours truly, 


James Paterson, Esq. , author of the Account of the Par- 
ishes and Families of Ayrshire, made a diligent search at 
Irvine for the indenture, but without success, as the fol- 
lowing note from him will explain : 

" I went to Irvine on Thursday, and returned yesterday, and I am 
sorry to say that there is not a vestige of the contract between Con 
O'Neil and the laird of Braidstane to be found. Mr. Gray, the 
town clerk, gave me every facility of search. The Record of Deeds 
and the Town Council Minutes have not been preserved farther back 
than 1659 but he thought it might be among the loose papers. 
These consist of documents of various kinds deeds, accounts, por- 
tions of Town Council Minutes, &c., some of them dating back to 
1594, 1601, &c. ; but although I looked carefully over them all, no 
trace, of the contract could be found. I regret this result ; but it is 
at all events satisfactory to ascertain that the record does not exist. 

" Edinburgh, isth June 1867." 

35 In Commendum. Commenda was a term of the canon 
law, which, in its original sense, was applied when the 
custody of a vacant benefice was committed to one who 
would discharge the spiritual duties without meddling with 
the profits, and who was thus said to hold the office or 
trust in commendam. This practice of honorary custody 
soon degenerated, however, into an actual reception of the 
profits, and the device of holding livings /;/ commendam 
was found to be a convenient method of entirely evading 
the canon law against pluralities. The dispensation to 



Esq. of the King's body, and after this was knighted, and therefore I must call him in the following 
pages by the name of Sir Hugh Montgomery, who made speedy application to the King (already 
prepared), on which the said Con was graciously received at Court, and kissed the King's hand, and 
Sir Hugh's petition, on both their behalfs, was granted, and orders given, under the Privy Signet, 
that his Majesty's pleasure therein should be confirmed by letters patent, under the great seal of 
Ireland, at such rents as therein expressed, and under conditions that the lands should be planted 
with British Protestants, and that no grant of fee farm should be made to any person of meer Irish 
extraction ;36 but in regard these letters took no effect, as in next paragraph appears, I shall make no 
further mention thereof, but will proceed to what afterwards happened to the said Sir Hugh and 

hold a commendam could only be given by the crown, and 
was generally granted to favourites, as a means of supple- 
menting small livings. But now, by 6 and 7 William IV. , 
c. 77, sec. 1 8, no ecclesiastical dignity, benefice, or office 
can be held in commendam. Wharton, Law Lexicon, p. 
15; Penny Cyclopedia, vol. vii., p. 398. 

36 Meer frisk extraction. The meer Irish, or such of the 
Iri s h as had no free or English blood, were forbidden by 
law to purchase land. "Though the English might take 
from the Irish, the Irish could not, even by way of 
gift or purchase, take any from the English. In every 
charter of English liberty, as it was called, granted to an 
Irishman, besides the right to bring actions in the King's 
Courts, there was given an express power to him to pur- 
chase lands to him and his heirs ; without this he could 
not hold any so acquired. The exchequer officers con- 
stantly held inquisitions for the purpose of obtaining a 
return that certain lands had been aliened to an Irishman, 
in order thereupon to seize them into the hands of the 
crown as forfeited. . . . The Parliament Rolls are 
full of cases where the inquisitions are set aside for the 
finding having been malicious and untrue, the parties 

complained of not being Irish, but English. They prove, 
however, that no Irishman could take lands by convey- 
ance from an Englishman ; and this continued to be the 
law until the year 1612, when sir John Davies framed an 
Act abolishing the distinction of nations. But the prohi- 
bition practically prevailed after the passing of the 
Act ; for, by plantation rule, the English were for- 
bidden, under pain of forfeiture, to convey any of the 
lands taken from the Irish in the extensive plantations of 
Munster, Ulster, and Leinster to any Irishman, and the 
Irish there could only aliene to English ; so that the Irish 
must be always losing, and the English gaining, by any 
change. The prohibition was again extended to the 
whole nation by the Commonwealth government ; and 
when the lands forfeited for the war of 1690 came to be 
sold at Chichester House, in 1703, the Irish were de- 
clared by the English Parliament incapable of purchasing 
at the auction, or of taking a lease of more than two 
acres. Shortly afterwards, another Act disqualified them 
for ever from purchasing or acquiring any lands in Ireland, 
and declared the purchase void." Prendergast, Crom- 
wellian Settlement in Ireland, Introduction, pp. 1. Hi. 



OW these affairs, as also Con's escape and journey with Sir Hugh, and their errand, took 
time and wind at Court, notwithstanding theirs (and the said George's) endeavours to 
conceal them from the prying courtiers (the busiest bodies in all the world in other men's 
matters, which may profit themselves), so that in the interim one Sir James Fullerton, 1 a great favourite, 
who loved ready money, and to live in Court, more than in waste wildernesses in Ulster, and after- 
wards had got a patent clandestinely passed for some of Con's lands, 2 made suggestions to the King 
that the lands granted to Sir Hugh and Con were vast territories, too large for two men of their 
degree,3 and might serve for three Lords' estates, and that his Majesty r who was already said to be 

1 Sir James Fullerton. It is rather remarkable that 
the particular branch of the Fullerton family to which sir 
James belonged has not been discovered, although he was 
probably a native of the parish of Dundonald in Ayrshire, 
where the Fullertons have resided numerously since the 
time of David II. He was, no doubt, of humble origin, 
and had made his own way into a distinguished position, 
else we should have certainly heard something of his 
family history. Commencing in the humble capacity of a 
teacher, in connexion with his friend, James Hamilton, he 
became eminently distinguished as a political agent of 
James I., occupying several high and lucrative places, 
after the accession of that king to the English throne, and 
receiving extensive grants of lands both in this country 
and in England. In establishing his school at Dublin in 
1587 (to which he appears to have brought Hamilton as 
an assistant), there is no evidence that he had any other 
object or design, than simply to discharge the duties of a 
teacher. When Fullerton and his associate had become 
well-known in Dublin, and by their talents and popularity 
contributed in some degree to make Scotland and Scots- 
men respected in this country, James VI. secured their 
service as political agents, and through them, smoothed 
the way for his acceptance by the Irish leaders, when he 
should be admitted, on the death of Elizabeth, to the Eng- 
lish throne. In both cases the king was most fortunate in 
the choice of his men, and he afterwards acknowledged 
their services in a very liberal manner. Fullerton 
received the honour of knighthood on the accession of 
James, and lived at the English court, holding among other 
appointments those of gentleman of the bed-chamber, 
master of the privy purse to the duke of York, governor 
to the young prince, and master of the court of wards 
and liveries. For notices of the various offices to which 
he was appointed in Ireland, and of the very extensive 
grants received by him, of lands in this country, the reader 
may consult Erck's Repertory of the Inrolments of the 
Patent Rolls of Chancery in Ireland, vol. i. , part ii. , pp. 
22, 39, 40, 41, 78, 90, 102, 249, 262. Of Fullerton's 
marriage, we have the following notice, in a letter written 

by Margaret Hay, countess of Dunfermline, to the countess- 
of Eglinton, on the 2nd March, 1614: "No newis (news) 
for sartintie, but ser James Fullartine is to be merit with 
my ladie Kellos, it is dowin or now. " Fraser, Memorials, 
vol. i., p. 195. Sir James died in 1630, without issue, 
and bequeathed his property to his "deare and well-beloved 
wife, the lady Brace. " Her brother, Thomas, lord Bruce, 
baron Kinloss, was his sole executor. M'Crie, Life of 
Melville, vol. ii. , p. 294. Thomas Bruce above-named was 
the third baron Kinloss. His father, Mr. Edward Bruce, 
of Clackmannan, obtained a grant of the lands which had 
belonged to Kinloss Abbey, and was created baron Kin- 
loss in 1601. His eider son, Edward, the second baron, 
was killed in a duel, at Bergen-op-Zoom, by sir Edward 
Sackville, in 1613. The narrative of that celebrated and 
bloody affair, as given by Sackville, afterwards earl of Dor- 
set, may be found in the Guardian, Nos. 129 and 133. 
On the death of lord Edward, without issue, his title and 
estates went to his younger brother Thomas above- 
mentioned, who, in 1633, was created earl of Elgin. New 
Slat. Account of Scotland, County of Elgin, p. 205 ; 
Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. i., pp. 447 

2 For some of Con s lands. We have not been able to 
discover the names of these lands. Sir James Fullerton 
had lands and tenements granted by the crown, in the 
counties of Westmeath, Cork, Antrim, Tipperary, Water- 
ford, Sligo, Dublin, Roscommon, Kildare, Queen's County, 
Limerick, and Donegal, but none in the county of Down. 
His Antrim grants lay principally in the towns of Car- 
rickfergus and Larne. Calendar of Pattnt Rolls, James I. > 
pp. 7, 8. The absence of any record of such lands in the 
Patent Rolls, as those referred to in the text, may be 
accounted for by the grant having been irregularly or 
clandestinely obtained. 

3 For two men of their degree. This argument of sir 
James Fullerton was probably the one which had most 
weight with the king in making up his mind to set aside 
the original compact between Con and sir Hugh at Braid- 
stane. P. 27, supra. It was found that a grand 


overhastily liberal, had been over-reached as to the quantity and value of the lands, and therefore 
begged his Majesty that Mr. James Hamilton* who had furnished himself for some years last past 
with intelligencies from Dublin, very important to his Majesty, might be admitted to a third share 
of that which was intended to be granted to Sir Hugh and Con. Whereupon a stop was put to 
the passing the said letters pattent, which overturned all the progress (a work of some months) that 

mistake had been made by preceding sovereigns in granting 
lands in Ireland too liberallyand extensively to individuals, 
and that the grants thus made had altogether failed in the 
objects they were originally intended to promote. In the 
provinces of Leinster and Munstcr, where favoured indi- 
viduals had obtained immense tracts of forfeited lands, it 
was found that the grantees soon forgot or ignored the 
terms of the contracts by which they held their possessions, 
building castles, and assuming a semi-royal state, whilst 
the unfortunate natives, whom they were bound to protect 
and encourage, were driven into the woods and mountain 
fastnesses of the land. There they lived without security, 
or industry, or improvement of any kind, and were thus 
absolutely driven into conspiracies and insurrections. This 
.great mistake in former Plantations determined James I., 
and his advisers, to offer the forfeited lands in Ulster to 
undertakers, in comparatively small proportions, and to 
impose such conditions on the holders as would tend to 
the mutual benefit of all classes. Such was undoubtedly 
the original plan contemplated in the Plantation of Ulster, 
although it was afterwards unfortunately abandoned. 

4 James Hamilton. James Hamilton was eldest son 
of Hans Hamilton, the first Protestant minister, after 
the Reformation, settled in the parish of Dunlop, Ayr- 
shire. The Maitlaud Club has published a curious old 
Register of ministers, exkorters, and readers, and of their 
stipends, after the period of the Reformation, and in this regis- 
ter the following entry occurs in reference to the parish of 
Dunlop: "John Hamilton, vicar and exhorter, the thryd 
of the vicarage, extending to xxvi li., providing he wait 
on his charge betym, 1567." As there is no doubt among 
Ayrshire genealogists that this John was the identical 
Hans above-named, it is presumed that Hans or Hanis 
Hamilton, the name by which he is usually known, is a 
corruption of the Latin Johannes. Paterson, Parishes 
anal Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii. , p. 43. The Hamilton 
MSS., which were written about the close of the seventeenth 
century by some member of the Hamilton family in Ulster, 
describe James Hamilton, at p. 4, "as one of the great- 
est scholars and most hopeful wits of his time, insomuch 
that he was noticed by King James and his grave council 
as one fit to negotiate among the gentry and nobility of 
Ireland for promoting the knowledge and right of King 
James's interest and title to the crown of England, after 
Queen Elizabeth's death, and on this account was advised 
to write a book of his said interest, which was done to 

very good effect Therefore he was called 

to keep a public Latin school in Dublin, being in- 
structed in the meanwhile, and creditably supplied for con- 
versing with the nobility and gentry of Ireland, for the 
king's service above-mentioned, as he was very serviceable 
and acceptable therein." This account embodies the 
now generally accepted story that both Hamilton 
and Fullerton, two humbly-born young men, were 
specially appointed to Ireland as political agents of James 

VI., on their leaving college, and that they opened a 
school in Dublin only to conceal the real purpose of their 
residence there. Neither of them has left any record from 
which this representation could be sustained. Ussher, who 
knew them well, and intimately, never hints at any such 
improbable arrangement ; but, on the contrary, speaks 
of them as coming to settle originally at Dublin "by 
cfiance 3 ' (M'Crie, Life of Melville, vol. ii., p. 292), or, 
as other young Scotchmen had settled, as teachers, in 
other localities. John Strype, author of the Life of that 
sir Thomas Smith, to whom Queen Elizabeth granted the 
territory of the Ards, speaks of James Hamilton, p. 182, 
as " once a schoolmaster, tho' afterwards made a person 
of honour;" and the author of the Montgomery Manu- 
scripts, evidently using the language of some family docu- 
ments left by his grandfather, the first viscount, describes 
Hamilton in the text as "furnishing himself for some years 
last past with intelligencies from Dublin, very important 
to his majesty.'" In Birch's Life of Henry Prince of Wales, 
there is a reference to the school taught by Fullerton and 
Hamilton in Dublin, but no hint that these gentlemen 
were originally sent there in the capacity of political 
agents. On the contrary, he describes them as simply the 
channel through which certain English lords sent their 
letters, containing professions of allegiance to King James, 
immediately prior to the death of Elizabeth. "There 
was," says Birch, "a Scots gentleman of great learning 
and parts, sent out of Ireland to be chief governor for the 
duke (afterwards Charles I.). This gentleman, whose 
name was sir James Fullerton, had been at first usher 
of the Free School, in Dublin, while another Scots- 
man, Mr. James Hamilton, afterwards knighted, and at 
last created viscount Claneboy in Ireland, was master of 
it. The first foundations of their fortunes being laid 
at Dublin, in the latter end of Queen Elizabeth's reign, 
by conveying the letters of some great lords in Eng- 
land, who worshipped the rising sun, to King James, 
and his letters back to them, that way being chosen 
as more safe than the direct northern road." M'Crie, 
Life of Melville, vol. ii., pp. 292, 293; Hamilton MSS., 
edited by T. K. Lowry, Esq., p. 5, note. The book said to 
to have been written by James Hamilton is unknown, 
at least so far as we are aware. The story seems to 
have originated in a statement of Dr. Richard Parr, in his 
Life of Archbishop Ussher; but Parr rests his statement on 
no authority, and it was taken for granted that he had 
obtained it from Ussher. But we have no evidence that 
Ussher had ever heard of the royal appointment claimed 
for Fullerton and Hamilton. His remarkable expression, 
that these teachers had come to Dublin "by chance," 
implies that if he had heard the story of their appoint- 
ment originally as political agents, he did not believe it. 
All that can be advanced in favour of the generally ac- 
cepted account of this matter is stated in Dr. Elrington's 
Life ef Ussher, pp. 2, 3, and notes. 


Sir Hugh had made to obtain the said orders for himself and Con.s But the King sending first for 
Sir Hugh, told him (respecting the reasons aforesaid) for what loss he might receive in not getting 
the full half of Con's estate, by that defalcation he would compensate him out of the Abbey lands 
and impropriations, which in a few months he was to grant in fee, they being already granted in 
lease for twenty-one years, 6 and that he would also abstract, out of Con's half, the whole great Ardes 
for his and Mr. James Hamilton's behoof, and throw it into their two shares; that the sea coasts 
might be possessed by Scottish men,? who would be traders as proper for his Majestie's future 

5 For himself and Con. The account of this transaction 
given by our author differs in toto from that of the Stewart 
Manuscript : the latter represents the laird of Braidstane, 
not as concealing his designs from courtiers, but as re- 
vealing them to James Hamilton, who had given up his 
fellowship in Dublin College, and was then with his 
friend, sir James Fullerton, living in great favour at the 
Court of James I. Montgomery, when applying to 
Hamilton for assistance in the affair, is further repre- 
sented as promising "a half of his two parts, if by 
his friends and means he might have access to work 
out Con's pardon, and have the king's gift of the 
lands to be divided among the three ; for it was 
thought sufficient for them all. Mr. James Hamilton, 
glad of this, makes way, first with the Hamiltons, then 
with others of the English and Scottish nobility, that now 
Montgomery is well heard and especially respected by his 
majesty, and in a word, the grant is given out, Con has 
his life and a third part, Montgomery has a third, and Mr. 
James Hamilton has a third part of Con O'Neill's estate 
in Down." The introductory part of this extract is un- 
doubtedly apocryphal. The laird of Braidstane did not 
require to seek access to the king through the intervention 
of Hamilton, Braidstane's own brother, George, as events 
proved, was a special favourite with James, having acted 
as his agent in England, as Hamilton had done in Ireland. 
The earl of Eglinton, besides, was a very influential noble- 
man, ready at all times to espouse and support his kins- 
men's plans. Again, the division of Con O'Neill's lands 
into three parts very much disgusted Montgomery, and 
was an arrangement altogether different from the original 
compact between him and O'Neill, at Braidstane. Ha- 
milton's position as agent for sir William Smith gave him 
a knowledge of the situation and extent of Con's lands, 
and enabled him, especially when assisted by sir James 
Fullerton's influence, successfully to combat Montgomery's 
original plan. Hamilton was charged with betraying the 
trust reposed in him by sir William Smith, who believed 
he had a prior claim to most, if not all, the lands in dis- 
pute. John Strype, the writer of sir Thomas Smith's Life, 
when referring to this matter, says: "I have been in- 
formed by some of that worshipful family, that sir William 
Smith, nephew to our sir Thomas Smith, was meerly 
tricked out of it by the knavery of a Scot, one Hamilton 
(who was once a schoolmaster, tho' afterwards made a 
person of honour), with whom the said sir William was 
acquainted. Upon the first coming in of King James I. 
he minded to get these lands confirmed to him by that 
king, which had cost sir Thomas (besides the death of his 
only son) ^10,000, being to go into Spain with the English 
ambassador, left this Hamilton to solicite this his course 
at court, and get it dispatched. But sir William being 

gone, Hamilton discovered the matter to some other of 
the Scotch nobility. And he and some of them begged it 
of the king for themselves, pretending to his majesty, that 
it was too much for any one subject to enjoy." Life of 
Sir Thomas Smith, 1698, p. 182. 

6 For twenty -one 'years. An extensive grant of abbey 
lands in the counties of Down, Antrim, and Cork, was 
made to John Thomas Hibbots and John Kinge, of Dub- 
lin, Esqrs., on the 6th of December, 1604, to hold for 
twenty-one years, trees, mines, and minerals excepted, at 
the yearly rent of ^25 135 8d. Irish. The following church 
lands, in Down, were included in this grant, viz. '' I. The 
site, ambit, and precinct of the late monastery of Bangor, 
consisting of the abbey, with all the houses, manses, gar- 
dens, churchyard, and curtilages to the same belonging, 
the towns, villages, or hamlets, of Bangor, Balleportavo, 
Ballefridon, Ballemeean, Ballowe, Ballevullecragh, Balle- 
cormache, Ballemacconnell, Ballecrohane, Ballehunne,. 
Ballenoghue, Ballonore, Carrowslanclackanduff, Callo- 
sneseron, Carrownereigh, Ballemowne, Carroghraloghele r 
Ballesebane, Ballenbarnen, Balleneardogh, Ballencellor, 
Ballemulle, Ballesallogh, Balleocrane, Ballecrotte, Balle- 
shalle, Ballemegh, Ballemachores, Ballemajor, with all 
the tithes, great and small, of the premises. 2. The 
site, circuit, and precinct of the monastery of Leigh, 
or Grey Abbey, otherwise Jugo Dei, with all houses, 
gardens, manses, orchards, and tithes to the same 
belonging, lying in seven towns near and about the 
said monastery viz. , Corballie, Ballibrenny, Ballen- 
boly, Ballevaltragh, Ballecaslane, Ballevallanee, Ballecul- 
lemanagh ; and three other towns, called Ballitun- 
graunge, Ballieedon, and Corballen, in Lecale, being the 
estate of the said Gray Abbey, the lands formerly granted 
to Rice Ap-Hughe excepted. 3. The priory of Holliwood, 
and the site thereof, with all messuages, lands, and tithes 
in the five towns of Ballekeille, Ballimannacke, Ballacul- 
tracke, Ballaenderrie, and Balleknocknegonie. 4. The 
site of the late priory of Newton, with all manses and 
tithes in three villages, parishes, or hamlets called Newton, 
Killcowman, and Barnes, near said priory. 5. A certain 
island or lough called Inischargy, eight villages or town- 
lands being about or near said island, viz. Enischargie, 
Ballegarvagan, Ballecurkubben, Balliabakin, Ballerodine, 
Ballilimp, and Balliglassarie, in Bangorbreg, i qr., the 
the church quarter of Inischargie, I qr. the quarter of 
Carmonie, the Fisher's quarter, the advowson of the rec- 
tory or vicarage of Inischargie, parcel of the estate of Brian 
Oge O'Flynne, attainted." Calendar of Patent Rolls, 
James I., pp. 38, 39. 

7 Possessed by Scottish men. This arrangement was in 
accordance with the original plan to be followed out in 
the Plantation. To the servi/ors, or those who had served 



advantage, the residue to be laid off about Castlereagh (which Con had desired), being too great a 
favour for such an Irishman. 8 

All this being privately told by the King, was willingly submitted to by the said Sir Hugh, and 
soon after this he and Con were called before the King, who declared to them both his pleasure 
concerning the partitions as aforesaid, to which they submitted. On notice of which procedure, Mr. 
James Hamilton was called over by the said Sir James Fullerton, and came to Westminster, and 
having kissed the King's hand, was admitted the King's servant (but not in a great while knighted, 
therefore hereafter I shall make mention of him as Sir James Hamilton, in its due place) ; all which 
-contrivance brought money to Sir James Fullerton, for whose sake and request it was the readilyer 
done by the King. Sir Hugh and Mr. Hamilton met and adjusted the whole affair betwen them- 
selves. Whereupon letters of warrant to the Deputy, dated i6th April, 3d Jacob., 1605,? were granted 

the crown either in a civil or military capacity, were as- 
signed the positions of greatest clanger. In this instance, 
the coast was to be placed in the possession of British 
settlers for the double purposes of trade, and of security, 
in cases of insurrection among the natives. Con O'Neill, 
as well as all other native chieftains permitted to become 
settlers, were obliged to fix their residences in the open 
country, and in unguarded places, where, from their exposed 
position, they were under constant inspection, and thus 
compelled to live peaceably. On the other hand, the 
positions of greatest strength and command were held 
by the British settlers, thus reversing the state of affairs 
adopted in the south during the reign of Elizabeth; and 
thus, as it was supposed, taking effectual means for 
security against the Irish, who could no longer form 
their hostile designs unseen, on the mountains, or in the 
wooded glens. 

8 For such an Irishman. That is for a mere Irishman, 
having no free or English blood in his veins. Con 
O'Neill's preference for Castlereagh was induced no 
doubt by his natural wish to retain the ancient 
residence of his fathers, and because this district, more 
than any other portion of his territory, must have been 
endeared to him by family associations and traditions. 
As compliance with his wishes in this instance involved no 
derangement of the original Plantation scheme, he was 
indulged so far as to obtain that third part of his own 
property which he preferred. The castle has now entirely 
disappeared, but some of the stones remain, having been 
used in building a wall around the place on which the 
"grey" old structure stood. The stone-chair on which the 
chieftains of southern Clannaboy were inaugurated, and 
which was originally placed at a little distance from the 
castle, now rests at Rathcarrick, in the county of Sligo, 
the seat of a Mr. Walker, for whom it was purchased in 
1832, and "with whom," we are told, "it will be preserved 
with the care due to so interesting a monument." The 
stone-chair had been subjected to various indignities in 
Belfast, from the time of its removal from Castlereagh in 
1750, until its redemption by Mr. Walker, nearly a century 
later. It had done duty as a seat in the butter-market ; 
it had lain obscurely amid the rubbish of an old wall in 
that most vulgar locality; and it had been finally tumbled 
into a yard in the rere of some house in Lancaster Street. 
It is quite clear, therefore, that Belfast was not worthy of 
this relic, and the probability is that had Mr. Walker not 

interposed, the inauguration chair or throne, would have 
long since been broken up, and its fragments built into 
some ignoble wall. Dublin Penny Journal, vol. i., 
p. 208. 

9 l6tA April, 3 Jacob., 1605. A copy of this letter 
from King James I. to sir Arthur Chichester, was found 
among the papers left by sir James Balfour, and has been 
printed in the Miscellany of the Abbotsford Club, vol. L, 
pp. 270-3. See also Erck, vol. i. p. 245, -where U is printed 
from the Rolls. The king, at the " humble suite of Con 
M'Neale M 'Brian Fertagh O'Neale, Esq., and at the 
humble suite, and in consideration of the faithful service 
done unto us by our well-beloved Hugh Montgomery, 
Esq., and James Hamilton, our servaunte," directs Chi- 
chester to have a grant of Con's whole territory made to 
Hamilton, under certain conditions. The letter was 
"given under our signet at our manor of Greenwiche." 
The conditions are repeated in the Tripartite Indenture 
between Con, Montgomery, and Hamilton, which the 
reader may see in the Inquisition of 1623, at the end of 
the volume. The king's letter directed that Hamilton 
should be permitted to hold these lands by the desirable 
tenure of ' ' free and common soccage only, and not in 
capite, nor by soccage in capite, nor by knight's 'service." 
The feudal tenure known as knight's service, although 
once considered the most honourable, had become 
very unpopular, even among the representatives of those 
Norman nobles by whom it was originally introduced. 
Indeed, compared with its injurious and oppressive 
character, the cuttings and cosherings and exactions 
connected with Irish tenures, were but as mere child's 
play. By the military tenure of knight's sendee, the 
tenant and his heirs were bound to perform the service 
of a knight to the landlord and his heirs an obligation 
which, in most cases, was impracticable, and when so, 
imposed a ruinous expense in providing substitutes. 
But, in addition to his military services, the tenant was 
bound to incur, on his lord's behalf, certain incidental ex- 
penses known zsaids, reliefs, primer seisins, wardships, mar- 
riages, and fines upon alienation. An aid was levied to 
assist in rescuing the lord from captivity, or to constitute 
his son a knight, or to provide a marriage dowry for his 
daughter. A relief was a sum paid to the landlord by the 
heir when the latter attained his majority, for permission 
to enter on the actual possession of his estate. Primer 
seisin was a year's profit given to the crown in case of the 



to pass all the premises, by letters patent, under the great seal of Ireland, accordingly, in which the 
said Sir James Fullerton obtained further of the King, that the letter to the Deputy should require 
him that the patent should be passed in Mr. James Hamilton's name alone, yielding one hundred 
pounds per annum to the King; and in the said letter was inserted that the said lands were in trust 
for the said Mr. Hamilton himself, and for Sir Hugh Montgomery, and for Con O'Neill, to the like 
purport already expressed. 

Then the said Con, Sir Hugh Montgomery, and Mr. Hamilton entered into tripartite indentures, 
dated ult. of the said April, whereby (inter alia) it was agreed that unto Con and his followers their 
moderate ordinary expenses from the first of August preceding the date now last mentioned being 
already paid them, should be continued them, 'till patents were got out for their pardons, and also 
deeds from Mr. Hamilton for Con's holding the estate, which the King had condescended to grant 
him. Soon after this, Mr. Hamilton went to Dublin to mind his business and to ply tdis extremis 
for the furtherance of it. 10 

All this being done, and Sir Hugh having no more business (at present) at Whitehall, he re- 
solved with convenient speed to go through Scotland into Ireland, to follow his affairs, which he did 

heir being of age when succeeding to the family property. 
Wardship was simply a power vested in the king, to plun- 
der minors, which power the king had the right to sell to 
others, who generally performed this work without much 
scruple. Sir Thomas Smith, who was secretary of state 
in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and to whom she granted 
the Ards, among other possessions, in the year 1572, 
speaks of this power of wardship as follows: "Many 
men do esteem wardship by knight's service contrary to 
nature, that a freeman and gentleman should be bought 
and sold like a horse or an ox, and so change guardians 
at first, second, or third hand, as masters and lords. The 
king having so many wards, must needs give or sell them, 
and the grantee or buyer has no natural care of the infant, 
but only of their own gain; thus, they will not suffer a 
ward to take any great pains, either in study or any other 
hardness, lest he should be sick and die, before he hath 
married the buyer's daughter, sister, or cousin, for whose 
sake he bought him, and then all the money which he paid 
for him would be lost The guardian doth but seek to 
make the most of his ward as of an ox or other beast." 
Marriage was the right of the lord or guardian to provide 
a wife or husband for his ward if under age, and for the 
discharge of this duty he always took good care to remuner- 
ate himself liberally. In the exercise of this power, the 
most flagrant deceptions were very often practised. In 
tendering such marriages, the lords or warders sometimes 
imposed old husbands or wives on their youthful wards, 
by a stratagem to which lord Bacon alludes, as follows, in 
his Maxims: "If I covenant with my ward that I will 
tender unto him no other marriage than the gentlewoman 
whose picture I delivered unto him, and that picture hath 
about it cztatis su<z anno 1 6, and the gentel woman is seven- 
teen years old ; yet, nevertheless, if it can be proved that 
the picture was made for that gentlewoman, I may, not- 
withstanding the mistaking, tender her well enough." 
The tenure known as soccage, from soc the French for the 
coulter or share of a plough, simply implied at first cer- 
tain services in husbandry, generally plough-service, per- 

formed by the tenant to the lord of the fee. These ser- 
vices included also other humble but very useful operations, 
such as carrying out manure to the fields, and making 
hedges. This species of tenure was confined principally 
to the class anciently called villeins, now tenant-farmers. 
Soccage in capite was considered much more honourable, 
because it meant holding immediately from the crown, but 
it was felt to be very oppressive, as the tenant had no speci- 
fied time of tenure, and was subjected to many capricious 
exactions. These grievous systems of tenure have been 
all happily swept away, and the laws providing for their 
abolition have done more, according to Blackstone, for the 
freedom of property than Magna Charla itself. An ordi- 
nance for abolishing the Court of Wards and Liveries was 
passed on the 24th of February, 1645, and was very much 
improved in 1656, by the assembly known as Bare- 
bone's Parliament The Plagiary Act of 12 Charles II., 
c. 24, formally went over the work which had already 
been thus substantially done during the commonwealth. 
The evils of the feudal tenures had become so unpopular 
that they could not be revived at the restoration, but com- 
pensation was given to the king for acquiescing in their 
abolition. The Act of 12 Charles II., is entitled, an Act 
to take away the Court of Wards and Liveries and Tenures 
in Capite, and by Knighfs Service, and Purveyance, and 
for settling a Revenue upon his Majesty in lieu thereof. All 
lands are now, with slight exceptions, held, by the tenure 
otfree and common soccage, or in other words, exemption 
from the oppressive exactions imposed by the old feudal 
tenures, especially knight's service. Blackstone, Commen- 
taries on the Laws of England, voL ii. , p. 63 ; Amos, 
English Constitution in the reign of Charles the Second, 
pp. 209 211; Knight's Political Dictionary, as quoted in 
MacNevin's Confiscation of Ulster, pp. 132 3. 

10 For the furtherance of ii. The sooner the terms of 
this agreement could be fulfilled, the sooner would James 
Hamilton be free from responsibility and expense. A 
complete copy of this Tripartite Indenture is contained in 
the Inquisition of 1623. 



so soon as he had renewed his friendship with the English and Scotish Secretaries; 11 and laid down 
further methods, with his said brother, of entercourse between themselves for their mutual benefit; 
and the said Con, well minding Sir J. Fullerton's interposition for Mr. Hamilton (whereby he was 
a great loser), and that the patent for his lands was to be passed in Mr. Hamilton's own name, and 
only a bare trust expressed for his, Con's use, in the letters of warrant aforesaid, he thought it 
necessary that Sir Hugh and he should look to their hitts. They therefore took leave at Court; 
(and being thoro' ready) they went to Edinborough and Braidstane, and after a short necessary stay 
for recruits of money, they passed into Ireland, taking with them the warrant for Con 12 his idemnity, 
pardon, and profit. 

Mr. Hamilton having gone to Dublin, as aforesaid, then, (viz.) on the 4th July, 1605, (being 
two months and four days posterior to the said tripartite indenture, a second office was taken,'3 whereby 
all the towns, lands, manors, abbeys, impropriations, and such hereditaments in upper Claneboys 1 * 

11 English and Scotish Secretaries. These officials were 
sir Robert Cecil, afterwards earl of Salisbury, and sir 
William Alexander, afterwards earl of Stirling. 

" Warrant for Con. This warrant is not recited in 
the Inquisition of 1623. 

13 A second office was taken. This Inquisition, mainly 
respecting church lands and revenues, was taken at 
Ardquin, in the Ards, on the 4th July, 1605, and in 
pursuance of the Tripartite Indenture above-mentioned. 
The commissioners on that occasion were William Par- 
sons, Esq., surveyor-general of Ireland; John Dallway, 
Esq. ; Robert Barnwall, Esq. ; and Lawrence Master- 
son, Esq. The jurors were John White, lord of the 
Dufferin, Esq.; Christ. Russell, of Bright, Esq., James 
Dowdall, of Strangford, gent. ; George Russell, of Rath- 
mullan, gent.; John Russell^ of Killough, gent.; James 
Stackpoole, of Ardglass, gent.; Simon Jordan, of the same, 
gent., [ ,] of [ ,] gent. ; Robert Sword, 

alias Crooley, of Ballidonnell, gent.; William Meriman, 
of Ballynebregagh, gent.; Gillernow Oroney, of Srow, 
gent. ; Patrick Russell, of St. John's Point, gent. ; Robert 
Hadsor, of Cullevaile, gent. ; Owen M 'Rorie, of Down, 

fent. ; Simkin Fitzwilliams, of Grange, gent. ; and Redmond 
avage, of Saul, gent. The jurors found that the territory 
of Claneboy embraced the lesser patrice of Upper Clande- 
boy, le Great Ards, le Little Ards, and Kilultagh, in 
which were comprised the minor districts or clanships of 
the Sleught Henrickies, the Kellies, the Sleught Neales, 
the Durminges, the Sleught Hugh Bricks, the Sleught 
Brian-Boy, the M 'Gillechrenes de le Gallagh, the Mul- 
chreiues dele Tawne, the Sleught Owen M'Quinn, and 
the Sleught M'Carteglane, with others. The territory of 
Great Ardes in Claneboy, contained within itself certain 
lesser territories or habitations of families called the 
Sleught Mortagh M'Edmond, the M'Gillmurres, the 
Sleught Brian O'Neile, the Turtars of Iniscargie, the 
M'Keamyes, the Magics of Portabogagh, with others. 
The territory, of Kilultagh, in Claneboy, contained within 
itself lesser territories or habitations of families called Slut 
Neale M'Cormock, the Hamells of Edergaowen, the Clan 
Rowries, the Slut Roches, Slut Brian M 'Shane Oge, with 
others. The aforesaid jurors found that Connogher 
O'Hamble was prior of Holiwoode at the time of the sur- 
render and dissolution, James M'Guilmere abbot of Mo- 

villa, John O'Mullegan abbot of Cumber, William 
O'Dornan abbot of Bangor, John Casselles abbot of Leigh, 
or Jugo Dei, otherwise Gray Abbey, and sir John Raw- 
son, knight, prior of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem. 
Inquisitions Down, Jac. /., No. 2. Sir John Rawson 
was prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in 
Ireland, and as such possessed certain manors, &c., in 
county Down, as well as elsewhere through the island. 
Kilmainham was his seat. 

14 Upper Claneboy s. The territory of upper or southern 
Clannaboy Clann-Aodha-Buidhe was commensurate 
with the present baronies of Castlereagh and the Great 
Ards. In Dr. Reeves's Eccles. Antiquities, pp. 347 8, we 
have the following admirably clear and concise account of 
the ancient and modern sub-divisions of this celebrated 
territory, derived principally from the inquisitions of 1605 
and 1623: "i. Castlereagh. This district comprised that 
part of Knockbreda parish which lay in the vicinity of 
O'Neill's residence of Castlereagh. 2. Les Gillachrewes 
de le Gallagh. This small tract comprehended a por- 
tion of Knockbreda, lying between Castlereagh and the 
Lagan. 3. Slut Neales. That is the 'Sliocht or family 
of Neills.' It embraced the parishes of Drumbo, Saint- 
field, Killaney, with parts of Kilmore and Knockbreda, 
and such portions of Blaris, Lambeg, and Drumbeg, as lie 
in the barony of Upper Castlereagh. In Jobson's Map of 
Ulster (1590), the territory marked Slut M'O'Neale is 
bounded on the north by the Lagan, on the west by Kil- 
warlyn, on the east by the Kelles, and on the south by 
Kinelarty. (MS., T.C.D.) The Shit M'Nele is similarly 
placed on Norden's Map. (State Papers. ) 4. Les Mul- 
chreives de le Tawne. This family occupied the west side 
of Knockbreda, from Ballymacarret southwards. The 
name Maolcraoibhe, or Mulcreeve (Four Masters, A. D. 
1490, ) was anglicised by Rice. (Stuart's Armagh, p. 630). 
These four districts now appear united in the ijarony of 
Upper Castlereagh. 5. S/ut Henrickies. Occupied part of 
of Killinchy and Kilmoo;! in Lower Castlereagh, adjoining 
a small portion of Killinchy nnd Kilmore, which they held 
in the upper barony. The name was probably derived from 
Sliocht Enri Caoich, 'Tribe of Henry the Blind,' a branch 
of the Clannaboy O'Neills. (MacFirbis's Gen. MS., p. 
121). 6. Slut Kellies. They occupied the greater part of 
Comber and Tullynakill. On Norden's Map the name 


and Ardes, were found to be in the King; it bearing a reference (as to spiritual possessions) for 
more certainty unto the office taken concerning them, primo Jac. Ao. i6o3, j s and also it was shuffled 
into it that Killough 16 was usually held to lye in the county of Down; this office being returned and 
inrolled in September then next following, it was (by inspection thereof) found to vary from the 
jurors' briefs and notes, and from many particulars in the office taken ist Jac. and the matter of 
Killulta was amiss. 1 ? 

About this time, the inquisition found against Con and his followers for the feats at Belfast 
aforesaid, being vacated and taken off the file in the King's Bench Court, and the pardon for himself 
and all his followers, for all their other crimes and trespasses against law being passed under the 
great seal, and the deed of the 6th Nov., i6o5, 18 from Mr. Hamilton of Con's lands, being made to 
himself; Con then returned home in triumph over his enemies (who thought to have had his life 

Ketties is laid down in the situs of Comber, and Slut Kellies 
a little W.S.W. of Drumboe. Jobson's Map places the 
Kelles between Castlereagh and Dufferin on the east and 
south, and Slut M 'O'Neale and Kinelarty on the west. The 
family was originally settled near Drumbo. 7. Slut Hugh 
Bricks. T\iaki5SliochtAodhbreac, ' the family of freckled 
Hugh.' Their territory contained the N.E. portion of 
Comber, S. W. of Newtownards, and S.E. part of Dundon- 
ald, lying principally between Scrabo and the town of 
Comber. 8. Slut Bryan Boye. Occupied five townlands 
in the N. E. of Holywood parish. 9. Slut Durnings, and 
Slut Chvcn MacQuin. These families occupied some town- 
lands in Holywood, in Dundonald, and in the adjacent 
part of Newtownards. The five districts last named are 
comprised in the barony of Lower Castlereagh. On the 
establishment of the baronial names the ancient territorial 
ones gradually sank into disuse : even the generic name 
Clanneboy, having forsaken the family in whom it origin- 
ated, and the territory to which it belonged, is now only 
known as a joint-title with Dufferin, in the Baronage of 

15 Ao. 1603. This Inquisition, of 5th November, 1603, 
is largely quoted by Archdall, in his Monasticon Hiberni- 
cum, pp. 109, no, 121. He refers to it as being then 
preserved in the Chief Remembrancer's Office. The list 
of the Inquisitions formerly kept in that office, is to be 
found, for county Down, in Supplement to the Eighth 
Report of Irish Record Commission. (Reports, vol. ii., 
P- 593- ) There the Inquisition of 1603 appears under Jac. 
I., No. 2, as Abbatia de Leigh [i.e., Gray Abbey] &* al\ 

16 Killough. Killough is a misprint for Killultagh or 
Killulta. This territory was anciently known as Coill- 
Ulltach, "Wood of Ulster." It was not, strictly speaking, 
a part of Clannaboy, north or south, but was generally 
regarded as a territory or district per se. It is now in- 
cluded in the county of Antrim, and (with the small addi- 
tions of the parish of Tullyrusk, three townlands of Der- 
riaghy, and the east portion of the parish of Camlin) 
constitutes the present barony of Upper Massereene. Dr. 
Reeves defines Killulta as containing the present parishes 
of Ballinderry, Aghalee, Aghagallon, Magheramesk, 
Magheragall, and the portion of Blaris north of the river 
Lagan. Eccles. Antiquities, pp. 234, 347. The reader 
will find an account of the boundaries of Killulta and a 
list of its townlands in the Inquisition of 1623 ; also, 
Calend. of Pat. Rolls, Jac. I., p. 73. 

I7 1 Killulta was amiss. In other words, this territory 
had been reckoned as a part of the county of Down, in the 
Inquisition of 1605, whereas it should not have been so 
included, or misplaced. 

18 6thNov., 1605. Bylndentureof this date, James Ha-; 
milton conveyed to Con O'Neale the lands of Ballynag- 
nockan, Ballynaghabricke, Ballybrinan, Ballycowan, Bally- 
carney, Ballyclogher, Ballycrossan, Ballycarrycroegh, Bal- 
lycreweh, Ballycargie, Ballicardganan, Ballidulloghane, 
Ballydromboe, Ballidulloghmucke, Balliderimore, Balli- 
gromebegg, Ballineganwye, Ballihollivvood, Ballihawne- 
newde, Ballylimebrenye, Ballylemoghan, Ballylary, Bally- 
lisnerean, Ballycloghany, Ballyliscowneganagh or Ballylis- 
gan, Bally liscromelaghan, Ballyloghgar, Ballylistoodry, 
ballymmylagh, Ballymaltane, Ballinemoney, Ballymo- 
lagh, Ballyomulvalegh, Ballyogheli, Ballyskeghan, Bally- 
templedrome, Bally tern pleblarisse, Ballytulloghmistikine- 
oll, Ballynechallen, Ballytullowre, Ballylischahan, Bally- 
carrowneveigh, Ballitulloghbreckan, Ballycreigenasassa- 
nagh, Ballycargeeneveigh, Ballicarrid, Ballycloinemore, 
Ballydrumhock, Ballimagroven, Ballilonbegg, Balliha- 
liske, Ballarecmmen, Ballydeyan, Ballydromveyne, and 
Ballygonemagh, all lying in the territory of Shit O'Neales; 
and also the towns of Negassane and Ballylaggegowan, 
in Slut Kellies; also Ballynebredagh, Ballinefeigh, Bally - 
knockcolumkill, Ballilisnebroyne, Ballimaekerit, Balli- 
crevine, Ballirosboy, Balligalvalley, Ballicregogie, and 
Ballicastlereagh, with their appurtenances, privileges, 
&c. ; also one market to be held at Castlereaghe every 
Thursday, weekly, for ever; and one fair to be held 
at Castlereaghe on the Feast of St. John the Baptist, 
yearly, for ever, with court of pie powder, court leet, 
and court baron to be held for ever of the king, at 
the rent of .23 i6s. Irish. Con O'Neale to furnish, in 
addition, two horsemen and four footmen, well equipped, 
to attend the hostings of the chief governor in Ulster. 
O'Neale was prohibited by the terms of this indenture 
from granting any estate of freehold or inheritance out 
of said lands to any of the mere Irish. He was also 
bound to release James Hamilton from all covenants con- 
tained in one pair of the tripartite indentures made between 
him of the first part, Hugh Montgomery, Esq., of the 
second part, and J ames Hamilton, of the third part, dated 
30th April last. Inquisition of 1623. This indenture is 
described as not in the MS. Inquisition, but supplied from 
the papers of Dean Dobbs. 



and estate 1 ?), and was met by his friends, tenants, and followers, the most of them on foot, the better 
sort had gerrans, 20 some had pannels for saddles (we call them back bughams), 21 and the greater 
part of the riders without them; and but very few spurrs in the troop, yet instead thereof they might 
have thorn prickles in their brogue heels (as is usual), and perhaps not one of the concourse had a 
hat; but the gentry (for sure) had on their done wosle barrads, 22 the rest might have sorry scull caps, 

T 9 His life and estate. Among Con's enemies, the most 
formidable was supposed to be sir Arthur Chichester. 
The author of the Stewart Manuscript mentions the peril 
with which Con was threatened from this quarter, as fol- 
lows: "This man (Con) being rebellious, and his land 
falling to the King, was apprehended by the then deputy, 
Chichester, and was laid up in the King's castle, at Carrick- 
fergus; a drunken, sluggish man, but he had a sharp, nimble 
woman to his wife. The deputy thought to have him to 
suffer according to law, and to be chief sharer in his lands. 
But divine providence had otherwise appointed. For the 
woman, his wife, in the greatness of her spirit, taking in 
high indignation, that her husband was not only captive, 
but appointed to an ignominious death, soon resolved that 
the saving his life with a part of his estate was better than 
to lose all. Therefore, this she strongly intends and 
diligently endeavours. But in a throng of thoughts how 
to accomplish her desire, she lights on this expedient, viz. , 
to pass secretly to the next Scottish shore, and there light, 
if she could, on some good instrument for making good her 
design. And God leading her to Mr. Hugh Montgomery 
of Broadstone, in Scotland, a man sober, kind, humane, 
and trusty, to whom she revealed her husband's case and 
her own desire, saying, if Mr. Montgomery would be at 
pains and charge to purchase from the king her husband's 
life and liberty, with a third part of the estate for him and 
her to live on, the said Montgomery should, with their 
great good-will, have the other two parts, to be purchased 
by the King's grant. Montgomery, considering the matter 
wisely and maturely, entertains the gentlewoman with all 
kindness, till he was ripe to give her answer, which, in 
short, was this, that if she should find the way to deliver 
her husband Con out of the deputy's hands, and let him 
have the secure keeping of his person, with such assurance 
as he could give that the articles should be performed which 
she had proposed in her husband's name, then would he 
make adventure and labour for the said Con's life and 
liberty." Stewart MS., quoted in Dr. Reid's Hist. Pres. 
Church, vol. i., pp. 82, 83. The conduct of Hugh Mont- 
gomery contrasts very favourably with that of others who 
profited also by the confiscation of Con O'Neill's estates. 
Had it not been for his prompt and able interposition, Con 
would have no doubt met the inevitable doom of all land- 
owners at that period who could, in any way, be found 
guilty of treason. Con had no means and no friends ; 
and when Montgomery began to expend money on his 
behalf, the prospect of recompense must have been but 
very faint, seeing that Chichester was all-powerful in 

20 Gerrans. The word gerran is probably a diminutive 
of gabhar, pronounced garron, and written gearron, 
denoting a work-horse, or hack. Spenser uses the term 
to denote a common country hack. Works, vol. viiL, 
p. 329. Burt, a Scottish author, employs the word to 
mean cheap, coarsely-made animals, employed in the 


drudgery of the farm. Thus, vol. ii., pp. 29 30, he 
says : " This bog was stiff enough at that time to bear 
the country garrons. There is a certain lord in one of 
the most northern parts who makes use of the little gar- 
rons for the bogs and rough ways; but has a sizeable 
horse led with him through the deep and rapid fords. " 
See Jamieson's Etymol. Dictionary of-^ihe Scottish Language. 
Another writer, quoted in Logan's Scottish Gael, vol. i., 
p. 345, describing the process of breaking one of these 
animals, says : " Sometimes the garron was down, and 
sometimes the Highlander was down, and not seldom 
both of them together." 

21 Back bughams. Bugham was probably a Scottish 
form of this word ; but in Ulster it is brecham. There 
were back brechams and neck brechams, although the 
word could only be strictly applied in the latter sense, 
being derived from braigh, the 'neck,' hence braighaidain t 
or brechem, a collar. These primitive neck collars for 
horses were made of old stockings stuffed with straw, and, 
probably in some districts of Ireland and Scotland they 
have not yet been entirely superseded by the modern leather 
collar. Of the same materials the country people also 
manufactured their saddles, called back-brechams. In 
Scotland, when they indulged in the luxury of a saddle 
at all, it was of this description. In the Minstrelsy of the 
Border, vol. i. , p. 1 76, we have the following allusion to 
this simple convenience : 

" Yottr armour guid ye maun na shaw, 

Nor yet appear like men o' weir ; 
As countrie lads be a' arrayed, 

Wi' branks and brechonte on each meere." 

28 Done wosle barrads. The barrad, or Bared, as worn 
by the ancient Irish, was made of woollen cloth dyed 
purple, blue, and green. Its shape resembled the cap of 
a modern grenadier, or rather it was made in the style of 
the old Phrygian bonnet. The Highland bonnet is the 
modern representative of the ancient Irish barrad. The 
term done-ivosle is used here ironically, to denote, as in 
Ayrshire, a class of small farmers, although the word was 
expressive of much higher rank in former times. It is 
derived from duine, 'a man,' and uais, 'noble,' and 
was originally used only in reference to noblemen. We 
have the following illustration in Pitscottie's Chronicle, 
edit, of 1814, p. 357:" The king passed to ye Illes, and 
caused many of the great Dunny- Vassilis to show their 
holdings and fand mony of thame in non-entrie, and 
therefore took thame to his awin crown." In Colville's 
Mock Poem, i., 57, there is this verse: 

" Some, sir, of our Duniwessels 
Stood out, like Eglintoune and Cassils ; 
And others, striving to sit still^ 
Were forced to go against their will." 

Subsequently, the term came to denote a gentleman of only 
secondary rank, generally a cadet of a noble family, who 
received his name from the lands he occupied, although 


otherwise (in reverence and of necessity) went cheerfully pacing or trotting bare-headed. Con 
being so come in state (in Dublin equipage) to Castlereagh, where no doubt his vassals (tagg-ragg 
and bob-tail 2 3) gave to their Teirne More, 2 * Squire Con, all the honour and homage they could bestow, 
presenting him with store of beeves, 2 5 colpaghs, 26 sheep, hens, bonny blabber, 2 ? rusan butter 28 (such as 
it was); as for cheese I heard nothing of it (which to this day is very seldom made by the Irish 2 ?), and 

holding them at the will of his chief. Of this secondary 
meaning, we have an illustration in Garnet's Tour in the 
Highlands of Scotland, vol. L, p. 2OO: "He was born 
a Duin-'wassal, or gentleman; she, a vassal, or commoner 
of an inferior tribe, and- whilst ancient names and cus- 
toms were religiously adhered to by a primitive people, 
the two classes kept perfectly unmixed in their alliances." 
In Ritson's Songs, also, at vol. ii., p. 55, there is the fol- 
lowing use of the word in its secondary meaning: 

" Boreland and his men's coming, 
The Camerons and Macleans coming, 
The Gordons and Macgregors coming, 
A' the Dunewastles coming." 

The dunny-vassal of this secondary rank enjoyed the pri- 
vilege of wearing a feather in his bonnet, which indicated 
his relationship to the chief. In sir W. Scott's novel of 
Waverley, vol. ii., p. 233, the author, in describing one of 
the characters, says: "His bonnet had a short feather, 
which indicated his claim to be treated as a Duinhe-was- 
sell, or sort of gentleman" which implies that the term 
had come at last to be applied to persons of still humbler 
rank than the recognised gentleman. Transactions of the 
Ossianic Society, vol. v., p. 208 ; Jamieson's Dictionary 
of the Scottish Language. 

23 Tagg-ragg and bob-tail. Tag, in this sense, simply 
means any worthless appendage. The phrase tag-rag is 
older than the time of Holinshed. In his Description of 
England, book ii., chap. 23, he says " Of the other two, 
one is reserved for comlie personages and void of loth- 
some diseases; the other is left for tag and rag. The 
poet Spenser, in his State of Ireland, uses the phrase in a 
similar sense: " For upon the like proclamation there, 
they all came in both tagg and ragg. " The word bob- 
tail was added to complete the phrase, but when, or by 
whom, it would be difficult to discover. See Richard- 
son's English Dictionary, and Nare's Glossary. 

24 Teirne More. Tighernach Mor. See note, p. 21, supra. 

25 Beeves. Beeves, as the plural of beef, has been in use 
at least since the beginning of the fourteenth century. 

26 Colpaghs. Colpaghs were two-year-old heifers or 
bullocks. The Irish word Colbthach denotes a cow-calf, 
and Colpindach was the common Scottish word to denote, 
according to Skene, "ane young beast, or kow, of the 
age of ane or twa yeiris, quahilk is now called a cow- 
dach or quoyack." Calpich, the name of a payment made 
to Celtic chiefs, was derived from, colbthach, a cow, in 
many instances the only article that could be given by the 

27 Bonny-blabber. This word is generally written 
bonny-claber, for which it is probably here a misprint. It 
is evidently derived from boinne, the common Irish word 
for milk, and claber, a well-known Scotch word for mud 
the phrase bonny-claber meaning simply thickened milk. 
The lord-deputy Wentworth, writing to lord Cottington, 
from Boyle Abbey, on the I3th of July, 1635, snccringly 

refers to this article of food as follows : " 'Tis true, I am 
in a Thing they call a Progress, but yet in no great Pleasure 
for all that. All the Comfort I have is a little Bon neyclabber; 
upon my Faith, I am of Opinion it would like you above 
Measure, would you had your Belly full of it, I will warrant 
you, you should not repent it, it is the bravest, freshest 
Drink you ever tasted. Your Spanish Don would in the 
Heats of Madrid hang his Nose and shake his Beard an 
Hour over every sup he took of it, and take it to be the 
Drink of the Gods all the while. The best is, we have 
found his Majesty's Title to the County of Roscommon, 
and shall do the like I am confident for all the other three 
Counties ; for, the Title is so good there, there can nothing 
be said against it." Stafford's Letters and Despatches, 
vol. i., p. 441. In more modern times the term bonny 
clabber has been invariably applied to sour or stale butter- 
milk. Journal of the Kilkenny and South- East of Ireland 
Archaological Society, vol. ii., new series, p. 25, note. 

28 Riisan butter. In modem Irish, rusg means the bark 
of a tree, and rusgan a vessel made of bark ; the latter 
word is probably that used in the text as an adjective, 
the g being lost. Small barrels, about the size of the 
modern firkin or keg, and made each from a single piece 
of wood, with the exception of the lid and bottom, pre- 
ceded the staved and hooped vessels of modern times. 
Sir. W. R. Wilde has described specimens of these ancient 
vessels, which have been deposited in the Eastern Gallery 
of the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy, and are 
numbered 36 and 37. They are small barrels, each made 
from one portion of the trunk of a sallow tree, having 
the rusg or bark, and enclosing the substance known as 
bog-butter. Catalogue of the Antiquities of Animal Mate- 
rials in the Museum of tha Royal Irish Academy, pp. 212, 
267. "In enumerating the food of the Irish," says Sir 
\Vm. R. Wilde, ' ' Petty mentioned ' butter made rancid by 
keeping in bogs.' When I originally read the statement 
of Petty, I came to the conclusion that he was wrong, and 
that this bog butter was much older than his time ; but I 
have learned to correct that opinion. Why or wherefore 
the people put their butter in bogs I cannot tell, but it 
is a fact that great quantities of this substance have been 
found in the bogs. It is invariably converted into a 
yellowish-white substance like Stilton cheese, and in taste 
resembling spermaceti ; it is, in fact, changed into the 
animal substance called adipocere. ... It was first 
found in Finland, in 1736. About the year 1820, a quan- 
tity of it, then called mountain-tallow, was discovered on the 
borders of Loch- Fyne, in Scotland. . . . Since 1817, 
numerous discoveries have been made of it throughout 
almost every county in Ireland. It is almost always enclosed 
in wood, either in vessels cut out of a single piece, as in 
large viethers, or in long firkins. If the butter is allowed 
to remain too long in the bog, it loses its acidity and 
weight, dries up, and acquires a rancid taste. " Proceedings 
of the Royal Irish Academy, vol. vi., pp. 36^ 372. 



there was some greddan meal strowans,3 with snush.3 r and bolean,3 2 as much as they could get to re- 
gale him; where I will leave him and them to congratulate each other's interview, till other occasions 
to write of him offer themselves, and he gave them not many months after this time. But good 
countrymen (Erinagh or Gelaghs 2 ), Irish or English, if you believe not this treat as aforesaid, neither 
do I, because I could not see it, nor was I certainly informed; many histories have stories in them, 
for writers make King's and Gentlemen's speeches which, perhaps, they never uttered ; however, 
the worst on my part in this is, that it is a joke, and such I hope you will allow it, and also the 
Pope's own country Italian proverb, used in the holy city, and the mother (church) Rome itself, 

29 By the Irish. Although cheese was not among the 
offerings presented on this occasion to the chief of Clanna- 
boy, it was also known as an article of food. Probably, 
however, its use was superseded in a great measure by 
rusan butter. A military gentleman, named Bodley, 
visited Lecale in l6o|, and reported that cheese was among 
the articles of food supplied to him rather too frequently 
for his comfort. Ulster Journal of Archceology, vol. ii., 
p. 89. Quantities of cheese (cdise) have been also found 
in bogs, but in every instance without any covering. 
Sometimes it has been found still retaining on its surface 
the impress of the cloth with which it was surrounded in 
the press. Dr. Wilde describes two specimens of ancient 
Irish cheese deposited in the Museum of the Royal Irish 
Academy, and numbered 43 and 44. The former is a 
globular mass, very light, dry, and crumbly, and more like 
Stilton than any other in the collection. This specimen 
bears the impress of the cloth, and has also some leaf- 
marks on its surface. No. 44 is a cheese of a brick 
colour, 7| inches long, by 3^ inches deep, marked all 
over with the impressions of the cloth, which appears to 
have been of a much finer texture than that which enve- 
loped No. 43. It has also a raised cross on one side, 
evidently derived from the press, and at the ends may be 
seen the marks of the folds of the cloth. Catalogue of 
the Antiquities of Animal Materials in the Mtiseum of the 
Royal Irish Academy, pp. 268 269. The author's state- 
ment, however, that cheese "to this day is very seldom 
made by the Irish" was perfectly correct in its general 
sense; and the fact that "he heard nothing of it" as among 
the commodities given to the O'Neill is an evidence of the 
truthfulness of his description. Curiously enough Pliny 
expressed his surprise that some peoples who thickened 
their milk into a pleasant curd and rich butter, should not 
also have manufactured it into cheese, and Strabo mentions 
this circumstance as an evidence of the ignorance of the 
Britons in matters of domestic comfort and economy. 
The Germans were satisfied with coagulated milk, and 
the ancient Irish, although they knew well the process 
of cheese-making, generally preferred the use of bonny- 
claber and rusan butter. Logan, Scottish Gael, vol. ii., 
p. 109. 

30 Greddan meal strowans. This phrase denoted mea- 
sures of oatmeal, varying in number according to the 
amount due to O'Neill by each vassal or tenant. Strowans 
is evidently intended for sroan, a measure containing a 
gallon and a-half of oatmeal. Oatmeal and butter were 
always given to the chiefs by measure, and these refections 
were therefore known as sorren, another form of sroan, or 
measure. Ulster Journal of Arehceology, vol. iv., p. 244. 

See also Ware's Antiquities of Ireland, pp. 74, 75. 
Greddan meal was so called from the Irish word GREAD 
to scorch, because the husks were burned from the grain 
as a preparation for grinding it. This process answered 
nearly the same purpose as modern kiln-drying, with this 
difference, that the bread made from greddan meal was 
known to be more wholesome, though not of such 
strengthening quality as that prepared by the kiln. 
Martin, Western Islands of Scotland, 1703, p. 204. 
Originally, the straw was burned as well as the husks, and 
this old practice required to be prohibited by Act of Par- 
liament. In more modern times, the process was con- 
ducted so as to preserve the straw. The usual method, 
for instance, at a late period, in Badenoch, and other 
places in Scotland, was to switch the grain from its husks 
with a stick, and then put it in a pot, not on the fire but 
pushed into the fire, whilst a person keeps stirring it with 
a pot-stick, or speilag. This manner of preparation is 
called araradh. " I have seen," says a gentleman from 
Laggan (a district of Cantire), " the corn cut, dried, 
ground, baked, and eaten in less than two hours." It 
was usual in such districts for labourers when returning 
from their daily toil, each to carry home to his cabin as 
much oats in sheaf as might be necessary for the next 
day's consumption. Sometimes it required to be con- 
verted into brochan, or strowans (bannocks), by the hands 
of his wife or daughter, for the family supper, an hour 
after his arrival. Logan, Scottish Gael, vol. ii., pp. 
97, 98. 

31 Snush. This word is probably a misprint for smush, 
spelled smaois, and pronounced smooish. It is given in 
the supplement to O'Reilly's Irish Dictionary, and sig- 
nifies marrow. The phrase boiled to smush is still in 

32 Bolean. Bolean is evidently a misprint for bolcan 
an Irish word commonly used to denote soft cheese. 
Mulachdn, pronounced mullahawn, is another form of this 
word, and is the one given in O'Reilly's Dictionary. 
The article thus named was some preparation of milk, 
but evidently different from the bonny-claber above 

33 Gelagh. Gelagh, a corruption of Gallaibh, an Irish 
phrase used to designate the ancient Englishry in the north 
of Ireland. The people known as such had not acknow- 
leged the sovereignty of the O'Neills since the remote 
period when the latter ruled as Riogha Uladh; but Shane 
O'Neill re-established his authority for a time over them, 
requiring the tribute usually paid by them to the early 
princes of his race. Ulster Journal of Archeology, voL 
iii., p. 105, note. 


viz. Si non e vero e ben trovato if it be not truth, it is well invented for mirth's sake ; and so I 
intended it, for it is not unlikely.34 

But before I recount the after actions I mean to treat of, I must mention two transactions more 
between him and Sir Hugh, viz : On i4th March, the same 3d Jac., according to English suputation, 
Ano. 1605, but by the Scottish account, 1606 (for they have January for the first month of 
their yearns as the almanacks begin the calendar), Con specifying very honorable and valuable 
considerations him thereunto moving, makes and grants a deed of feofments 6 of all his lands unto Sir 

34 Is not unlikely. It is highly probable that some such 
scene as that described in the text occurred at Castlereagh 
on the grand occasion of Con's safe return. The various 
useful commodities mentioned by the author as presented 
to O'Neill by his people, were not given as gifts, but 
evidently as rents. Although the author speaks in a 
somewhat depreciatory tone of the whole affair, similar 
scenes were of daily occurrence in Scotland, where the 
Highland chiefs and border lairds reckoned their reve- 
nues, not in money, but by chauldrons of various kinds 
of victuals. Oatmeal, cheese, calved cows, coal, lime, 
marts (beeves slaughtered), wood, honey, fish, wool, 
poultry, eggs, butter, &c., &c., were the means by which 
rents were paid. Transactions of lona Club, pp. 161 
177. In the year 1600, the rental of the marquis of 
Huntly, then the most potent lord in Scotland, included, 
besides the "silver mail," or money rent, the following 
substantial items, under the head of " ferm victual," viz., 
3,816 bolls, besides which there were 55 bolls of citstom 
meal, 436 of multure beir, 108 of custom oats, 83 of cus- 
tom victual, 167 marts, 483 sheep, 316 lambs, 167 grice 
(young pigs), 14 swine, 1,389 capons, 272 geese, 3,231 
poultry, 700 chickens, 5,284 eggs, 4 stone of candle, 46 
stone of brew tallow, 34 leats of peats, 990 ells of custom 
linen, 94 stones of custom butter, 40 barrels of salmon, 
8 bolls of teind victual, 2 stone of cheese, and 30 kids. 
Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. i., p. 315. Even so late 
as the year 1717, the rentals of thirty-eight estates (for- 
feited in that year because of their owners joining the 
Prince Pretender) were found to be greatly composed of 
payments in kind. The earl of Wintoun's rents amounted 
to .3,393, of which only 266 75. 9d. was paid in 
money, the remainder being paid in barley, oats, straw, 
capons, hens, coal, and salt. The earl of Southesk's rent 
amounted to 3,271 IDS., of which more than two-thirds 
was paid in oatmeal, swine, and poultry. And so with 
all the other estates, including those of Linlithgow, Keir, 
Panmure, Wedderburn, Ayton, Kilsyth, Bannockburn, 
East Reston, Mar, Invernitie, Auchintoul, Bowhouse, 
Nutthill, Bowhill, Lathrisk, Glenbervie, Preston-Hall, 
Woodend, Fairney, Nairn, Dumboog, Fingask, Niths- 
dale, Kenmure, Lagg, Baldoon, Carnwath, Duntroon, 
Dmmmond, c., &c. Charles, History of Transactions 
in Scotland in 1715-16, and 1745-6, vol. i., pp. 433-448. 
35 First month of their year. The change in England 
and Ireland, from the old style to the new, is comparatively 
of recent date, for prior to the September of 1752, our 
civil or legal year began on the day of the Annunciation, 
the 25th of March. The so-called historical year, how- 
ever, had for a long period commenced on the day of the 
Circumcision, the 1st of January. The latter arrange- 
ment prevailed almost exclusively on the Continent, and 

Scotland early adopted it, from the intimate connexion 
of that country with France. To avoid the confusion 
that prevailed in England and Ireland from the discrep- 
ancy between the legal and historical year, it was deter- 
mined by Act of Parliament that both should commence 
with the 1st of January. This Act was entitled An Act 
for regulating the commencement of the year, and for cor- 
recting the Kalendar now in use. By its operations the old 
style ceased on the 2d of September, 1 752, and the next day, 
instead of being called the 3d, became the I4th of September. 
The confusion that had previously existed on this important 
matter is easily imagined. As an illustration, it may be 
mentioned that, in describing the year between the 1st of 
January and the 25th of March, civilians regarded each 
day within that period as belonging to one year and histo- 
rians to another ! Thus, while the former wrote January 
Jf/i, 1658, the latter wrote January 1th, 1659, though 
both agreed that from the 25th of March all the ensuing 
months were in the year 1659. To prevent the mistakes 
which might naturally be expected to arise from such an 
uncertain arrangement, the doubtful part of each year was 
usually written in accordance with both modes, by placing 
two figures at the end ; the upper being the civil or legal 
year, and the lower the historical thus : 


Hence, whenever we meet with a date thus written, the 
lower figure always indicates the new style, or year now 
used in our calendar. M'Skimin, in a note at p. 45 of 
his History of Carrickfergus, refers to the inconvenience 
of the former system as follows: "In Morrison's (Mory- 
son's) History of Ireland frequent mention is made of old 
style and nerv style, in treating of events which took place 
in 1 60 1 -2; and in Thurlow's State Papers some of the 
official letters are dated old style and some new style; and 
in many old books we find dates marked thus 1701-2 or 
170^. Hence, our chronology is still in confusion from 
the uncertainty of dates. " There is perplexity, but there 
need be no uncertainty as to any particular date. The 
reader may see a lengthened explanation of the cause of 
the change from the old computation in the Notitia His- 
torica of Sir H. Nicholas. See also Soane's New Curio- 
sities of Literature and Book of the Mont/is, vol. i. , pp. 

36 Deed of feoffment. This deed of feoffment made by 
Con O'Neil to sir Hugh Montgomery in 1606, was in 
pursuance of articles drawn up and signed by them, on 
the 24th of December, 1605. Sir Hugh Montgomery is 
described as of Bryanstown, Scotland, which is no doubt 
an error of the transcriber for Braidstane. The ' ' very 
honourable and valuable considerations" moving Con to 
this act are specified at length in the articles thus: "The 


Hugh Montgomery (then returned from Braidstane to prepare habitations for his family). John 
M'Dowel of Garthland,37 Esq., and Colonel David Boyd,3 8 appointed to take and give livery of seizin39 
to Sir Hugh, which was executed accordingly the 5th September following, within the six months 
limited by the statutes in such cases made and provided, the other was added from Con conveying 
by sale unto Sir Hugh Montgomery, the woods growing on four townlands therein named this sale 
was dated the 22d August, 4th Jaco., 1606.4 Patrick Montgomery and John Cashan 41 being Con's 

said Conn O'Neale, in respect of the pardon and estate of 
land which he hath obtained from his majesty, by means 
of said sir Hugh, and in consideration of the great sums 
of money the said sir Hugh disbursed for said Conn; he, the 
said Conn, doth for himself and his heirs covenant that he 
will, at any time hereafter, upon request, by feoffment, grant 
to the said sir Hugh, his heirs and assigns, for ever, all those 
his lands situated in the Upper Clanneboy, which Mr. 
James Hamilton, by his deed, dated the 6th of November 
last, conveyed to the said Conn; the said sir Hugh yield- 
ing such and no other rents, duties, and services than the 
said Conn is bound to pay the said James Hamilton. 
Item, that the said Conn, his heirs and assigns, shall not 
convey or encumber the premises to any person but the 
said sir Hugh and his heirs, he or they paying as much 
as any other person shall do, still reserving power to lease 
any parcel of said lands to his brethren, Hugh O'Neale and 
Tool O'Neale, or to any other loyal subject, with reser- 
vation of the usual rents and clauses of recovery. Item, 
the said Hugh covenants within eight days after such 
feoffment made, to reinfeof the said Conn, and the heirs 
male of his body in the premises, to hold in fee tail of 
said sir Hugh and his heirs, paying the rents and services 
due to the king, so long as the said Conn continues a 
loyal subject, and shall not commit any unlawful act to 
forfeit said lands. Item, said sir Hugh covenants that 
should said Conn, or the heirs male of his body, by 
unlawful means forfeit said lands, the said act of forfeiture 
not being committed against said sir Hugh, that said sir 
Hugh and his heirs do pass an estate over of said lands to 
next lawful heir male of the body of said Conn, to hold 
as the said Conn, or his heirs male do hold same. Item, 
they both covenant to do no wrong to each other, 
but shall defend each other's tenants from unlawful in- 
vasions, and be umpires between all their tenants' dis- 
putes. Item, that said Conn shall seal a deed or any 
sufficient obligation for .1000, for observing the afore- 
said ; the said sir Hugh to do the same. 24th December, 
1605." Inquisition 0/1623. These articles are described 
in the margin as not in the manuscript, but extracted from 
a MS. belonging to Dean Dobbs. 

37 *fohn M { 'Dowel of Garthland. John M 'Dowel was 
descended from a long line of Galloway princes. He died 
in 1611. His estate of Garthland, anciently written 
Gairachloyne, in Wigtonshire, was eight miles south of 
Lochnaw- Agnew, Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway, p, 28. 

38 Colonel David Boyd. Colonel David Boyd was a 
cadet of the Kilmarnock family. On the 2d of August, 
1609, Conn O'Neil, with the consent of sir Hugh Mont- 
gomery, granted to colonel David Boyd the townland of 
Ballymacharret, with one parcel of land without the 
woods, called Stranmore, in the parish of Knockcolom- 
chille, in Upper Claneboy, bounded between the river 
of Belfast, and the water of Stracharean, and the 

townland called Ballymurty To hold of the said Conn 
O'Neale, and his heirs male of his body, in free and 
common soccage, yielding the rent of 2 yearly, together 
with the rent reserved to the king, as it is due out of 
other townlands, reserving to the said Conn the right of 
patronage of the kirk of Glencolumchille, within the 
parish whereof the said lands lie. These lands came 
afterwards by conveyance into the possession of James 
Cathcart, and passed from the latter to James Hamilton, 
lord Clannaboy, before the year 1623. Inquisition of 
1623; Ulster Inquisitions, Down, No. 40, Car. I. 

39 Livery of seizin. " This livery of seisin," says Black- 
stone, "is no other than the pure feodal investiture, or 
delivery of corporeal possession of the land or tenement, 
which was held absolutely necessary to complete the dona- 
tion." Commentaries, book ii., c. 2. The original mean- 
ing of Livery is something given out at stated times, and 
in stated quantities, as clothes of a certain pattern to dis- 
tinguish the servants or adherents of the donor, or the 
supply of victuals or horse provender to which certain 
members of the household were entitled. Seisin is pro- 
bably of Celtic origin, from the Gaelic word shs, to lay 
hold of, to fix, or adhere to. Wedgwood, Dictionary of 
English Etymology. 

4 Dated 22d August, 1606. This grant was made by 
indenture, conveying to sir Hugh Montgomery, for the 
consideration of .317, the "four townlands of Ballyna- 
doulaghan, Ballynalessan, Ballycorraghan, and Ballyna- 
carney, alias Drumbricklan, in Slut McNeales, with the 
appurtenances, courts leet, and royalties, as also all the 
timber, trees, woods, underwoods, and all other trees 
lying, being, or growing within the country called Slut 
McNeales and the Kelly's country, and they having liberty 
to take by digging, burning, or in any other way whatso- 
ever most beneficial to their interest (preserving the liberty 
of the tenants to cut all kinds of timber, oak excepted, 
necessary for their buildings, and that they shall have in- 
gress and egress and regress thro' all the lands granted to 
Con by James Hamilton, for the purpose of cutting and 
carrying away the woods and underwoods, to any place 
they think proper, either by river, land, or sea, and that 
they may remain, converse (?), or build houses on any 
of the lands, for the better enabling them to dispose of 
said woods, and that they shall have power to dig, re- 
move, and on the said lands To hold to 
the said sir Hugh Montgomery, his heirs and assigns, of 
the king, his heirs and successors, as of the castle of Car- 
rickfergus, in free and common soccage, as said Con doth, 
and should hold the same, yielding to the king 2 pounds 
sterling, being part of Con O'Neale's rent which he 
yields to the king out of his whole lands." Inquisition 
of 1623. 

41 John Cashan, In December, 1607, sir Hugh Mont- 
gomery enfeoffed John Cashan or M 'Hassan, of the lands 


attorneys, took and gave livery of seizin ; accordingly this much encouraged the plantation, which 
began in May this year. Likewise the said Mr. Hamilton (as he had done to Con) by deed dated 
next day after that conveyance to Con, viz., on the yth November, 1605, grants to Sir Hugh 
Montgomery divers temporal and spiritual (as they call them) lands in Clanneboys and Great Ardes, 
thus part of the trust and covenants in the tripartite indenture was performed to hirrU 2 So Sir Hugh 

of Ballynacroie, which he held in 1623, In 1629, Hugh 
M'Cashan (probably a son of John, and named after sir 
Hugh Montgomery) held the lands of Ballygrange, alias 
Kilmanagh, in the parish of Gray Abbey. This is stated 
in the grant of sir Hugh to his second son, James Mont- 
gomery. See also Inquisitions, Down, No. 75, Car. I. 

42 Was performed to him. "The jury find a feofment 
made by James Hamilton to Hugh Montgomery, dated 
7th November, tertio Jacobi, of the towns and lands 
of Ballykencade, Ballygortgribbe, Ballytullochbrackane, 
Ballymylough, and Ballynemony, in the territory of Upper 
Claneboys ; also the moiety or one half of the residue of 
the said country or territories of Upper Claneboy and 
Great Ardes, which the king by pattent, dated the 5th of 
November anno regni tertio, granted to James Hamilton 
for ever, and the moiety of the residue of all other castles, 
manors, &c., in the Upper Claneboy and Great Ardes, of 
which Neal M'Brien Fertagh O'Neale, or his father Brien 
Fertagh O'Neale were in their lives seized, or out of which 
they received any rents, duties, or cuttings, and which are 
granted to James Hamilton by said patent. This grant 
which is given at length in the Inquisition of 1623, con- 
cludes as follows : ''And also James Hamilton did grant 
to Hugh Montgomery, one market at Greyabbey every 
Friday, and one Fair on St. Luke's day and two days 
after, with Court of Pie Powder, liberty to make chases, 
warrens, &c. , in the moiety of the premises granted with 
the moiety of other privileges granted to him by the king, 
and one court leet to be held within the territory of Great 
Ards, and one court leet to be held within the territory of 
Claneboy, with all profits and advantages thereto apper- 
taining, and also several courts in the said moiety of the 
said premises by these patents granted, to inquire of all 
such matters as in courts barons, within the realms of Eng- 
land and Ireland, and to hold pleas every Thursday from 
three weeks to three weeks, of all such matters, debts, 
covenants, trespasses, accounts, and contracts whatsoever, 
which in debt or damage do not exceed the sum of 40 
shillings, made due or perpetrated in any hundreth, barony, 
manor, place, town, village, hamlet, or borough, within 
the said moiety of the said country or territory by these 
patents granted to the said Sir Hugh, his heirs, or assigns, 
by his and their writing shall assign and declare; and all 
profits arising therefrom to hold to the said sir Hugh, 
nis heirs, and assigns for ever (except as before excepted) 
as fully as was granted to the said James Hamilton, of the 
king, as of the castle of Carrickfergus, in free and common 
soccage, at the rent of ^32 IDS 8d Irish payable to the king, 
&c., to find two able horsemen and an half, and six foot- 
men, well armed for 40 days to serve the chief governor at 
hostings in Ulster, with covenants for payments, &c., 
livery and seizin. Inquisition of 1623. The court 
of Pie Powder was a necessary adjunct to the fair, 
and was originally established for the purpose of settling 
all disputes arising therein. It was a very summary court 

of justice (as the circumstances required it to be), for it 
was intended to arrange difficulties between parties who 
had come from distant places to attend the fair, and whose 
occupation of pedlars, or travelling merchants, required 
that immediate jurisdiction should in all cases be had. It 
was usual, therefore, for transgressors to be arrested, the 
cause tried, and judgment given in the space of one hour. 
Respecting the name and the object of this court Daines 
Barrington has the following remark: " I cannot but here 
take notice that the etymology of the word Pipowder seems 
to be mistaken by most of the writers upon the law, who 
derive it from pes pulverisatus, or dusty foot; now pied 
puldreaux, in old French, signifies a Pedlar, who gets his 
livelihood by vending his goods where he can, without any 
certain or fixed residence. In the burrow laws of Scotland 
an alien merchant is called pied puldreaux, and likewise 
ane farand man, or a man who frequents fairs;' the court 
of Pipowder is, therefore, to determine disputes between 
those who resort to fairs, and these kind of pedlars, who 
generally attend them." Observations on the more ancient 
Statutes, p. 423. The following is Skene's account of the 
institution: " Pede-pulverosus, ane French word, pied 
puldreux, dustiefute, or ane vagabond, speciallie ane mar- 
chand, or cremar (German kramer, a dealer or trader), 
quha hes na certaine dwelling-place, quhair the dust may 
be dicht from his feet or schone. To quhom justice 
shuld be summarilie ministred within three flowinges 
and ebbings of the sea. Ane pedder is called ane merchand, 
or cremar, quha beirs ane pack or creame (the German 
kram, 'wares,' or 'commodities') upon his back, quha are 
called beirares of the puddill by the Scottesmen in the 
realme of Polonia, quhair I saw ane great multitude in the 
town of Cracowia anno Dom. 1569." De Verborum 
Significatione, at the end of Skene's Laws and Actes, fol., 
Edinb., 1597, as quoted by Soane in his New Curiosities 
of Literature, and Book of the Months, vol. ii., pp. 161-2, 
note. Brand, Popular Antiquities, vol. ii., p. 322; John- 
son, Dictionary of the English Language, edited by H. J. 
Todd. The court leet was another franchise or privilege 
conveyed by the terms of this grant. Leet is the Dutch 
laet, a peasant tenant, subject of a certain jurisdiction; 
laet-banke, the court of the tenants, court-leet. In Eng- 
land court-leet is the court of the copyhold tenants op- 
posed to court-baron, that of the freeholders of the manor, 
copyhold or lease being a servile tenure. Wedgewood, 
Dictionary of English Etymology, vol. ii., p. 324. Cowell, 
as quoted in Latham's Johnson's Dictionary, says of the 
word leet that "it seemeth to have grown from the Saxon 
Lethe, which was a court of jurisdiction above the wapentake 
or hundred, comprehending three or four of them, otherwise 
called thirshing, and contained the third part of a province or 
shire; these jurisdictions, one and other, be now abolished 
and swallowed up in the county court." Blackstone, in 
his Commentaries, book iy., c. 19, says "the other general 
business of the leet and tourns was to present by jury all 



returned from Dublin, and (as hereafter shall be said) taking possession, he went forthwith to 
Braidstane, and engaged planters to dwell thereon. 

Now, on the whole matter of Sir Hugh Montgomery's transactions with and for Con O'Neil, 
the benefits done to him will appear very considerable, as the bringing them to pass was very costly 
and difficult, as followeth, viz., Con (by the said transporting and mediation for him) had escaped 
the eminent danger of losing both his life and estate ; because, by the said inquest against him, his 
said words (and perhaps his commands too) were proved fully enough or they might have been en- 
tered therein, and also managed (in future) so dexterously by the covetors of benefit arising out of 
the forfeitures, as to make him guilty of levying war against the Queen, which (by law in Ireland) is 
treason. Moreover, Con's title was bad, because imprimis by act of Parliament,^ in Ireland, nth 

crimes whatsoever that happened within their jurisdiction; 
and not only to prevent, but also to punish, all trivial mis- 
demeanors." In early Saxon times, however, these 
assemblies were held, principally, for the purpose of view- 
ing the frank pledges or bonds, entered into mutually among 
each other by freemen, "to see each man of their pledge 
forthcoming at all times to answer the transgression com- 
mitted by any gone away, so that whosoever offended, it was 
forthwith inquired in what pledge he was and those of that 
pledge either produced him within thirty-one days, or made 
satisfaction for his offence." Wishaw, Law Dictionary. 
This view of frankpledge, resembled an early Irish custom, 
or arrangement known as Kincogish, so called from Cin, 
'crime,' 'debt,' 'liability,' and comhfogus, 'kindred,' or 
' relations. ' By the Brehon law, the tribe was collectively 
responsible for the crimes of any of its members. By the 
nth Edward IV., c. 4, this Irish custom of Kincogish was 
made law, the statute binding every head of every clan, 
and every representative of every family, to bring forward 
for punishment any member of that sept, or of that family, 
convicted of crime. This statute, which seems to have lain 
dormant from the time of its enactment, was put in force 
against the Tories after the Restoration. Marcus Trevor, 
first viscount Dungannon, concludes a letter to sir George 
Rawdon, written on the 8th December, 1666, as follows: 
"I had like to have forgot informing you that my lord- 
lieutenant and council are determined now to put in practice 
the ancient custom of Kincogish against these Tories, which 
will certainly reduce them, or root out their whole gene- 
ration. " The writer did not probably know of the statute 
when he thus speaks of the executive as about to revive an 
Irish Custom. 77ie Rawdon Papers, p. 225. See also 
Spenser's View of Ireland, p. 451; and Prendergast's 
Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, p. 169, note. Another 
power or privilege conferred by the terms of the foregoing 
grant from Hamilton to sir Hugh Montgomery was that of 
making free chase and warren. A chase, from the French 
chasse, was a large extent of woody ground lying open and 
specially intended for such wild animals as were hunted for 
amusement. It was less than a forest, but larger than a 
park. Only the king could own a forest, whilst any of his 
subjects, on whom the right was conferred, might hold a 
chase. It was not enclosed like a park, and differed from 
the latter ' ' in that a man may have a chase in another 
man's ground as well as in his own; being indeed the 
liberty of keeping beasts of chase, or royal game, therein, 
protected even from the owners of the land, with a power 

of hunting them thereon." Free -warren, from the old 
high German Giwar, 'security' "is a franchise conferred 
as the phrase implies, for the preservation or custody of 
beasts and fowls of warren, which, being fern natures, 
every one had a natural right to kill as he could; and this 
franchise gave the grantee a sole and exclusive power of 
killing such game, as far as his warren extended." 
Wishaw, Law Dictionary, pp. 57, 334. We have the 
following illustrations of this term quoted in Richardson's 
New English Dictionary: "Fulvius Herpinus was the 
first inventor of warrens as it were for winkles, which he 
caused to be made within the territorie of Tarquiny, a little 
before the civile warre with Pompey the Great." Phile- 
mon Holland's Translation of Plinie, Book ix., c. 56. 
"Whereas in parks and warrens, we have nothing else 
than either the keepers and warreners lodge, or at least 
manor place of the cheef lord and owner of the soile. " 
Ilolinshed, Detcription of England, book ii., c. 18. 

43 Act of Parliament. This celebrated Act, which was 
passed nearly two years after Shane O'Neill's death, pro- 
vides " that all the lords, captains, and people of Ulster 
shall be from henceforth severed, exempted, and cut off 
from all rule and authorytie of O'Neyle, and shall onely de- 
pend upon your imperiall crowne of England, and yeild 
to the same their subjection, obedience, and service for 
ever. " The following enumeration of the lords and cap- 
tains of Ulster at the date of this Act, together with the 
terms on which they were to hold their estates, will be 
interesting to the readers of Irish history: "And where 
divers of the lords and captains of Ulster, as the sept of 
the Neles, which possesseth the countrey of Claneboy, 
O'Cahan, MacGwylin, the inhabitants of the Glynnes, 
which hath been sometime the baron Missett's (Bisset's) 
lands, and of late usurped by the Scots, whereof James 
MacConell (Macdonnell) did call himselfe lord and con- 
queror ; MacGynes, O'Hanlon, Hugh MacNeile More; 
the foure septes of the MacMahouns, MacKyvan, 
and MacCan, hath been at the commaundemente of 
the said traytour Shane O'Neile, in this sharpe and 
tray terous warre by him levied against your Majestic, your 
crowne and dignitie. . . . And albeit that the said 
lords and captains be not able to justifie themselves in the 
eye of the law, for the undutifull adhering to that said 
traytour O'Neile, in the execution of his false and tray- 
terous attempts against your Majestic, your crown, and 
dignitie, yet having regard to his great tyranny which he 
used over them, and the mistrust of your Majesties earnest 



Elizabeth, Shane O'Neil," who had engaged all Ulster in rebellion, being killed by Alex. Oge 
M'Connell, (so the statutes sur-names the M'Donnell,) the whole sept of O'Neil were all attainted 
of treason, and the whole country of Clanneboys, and the hereditaments belonging to them, or any 
of their kinsmen and adherents (besides Shane's patrimony in Tireowen), now vested in the Queen's 
actual possession, and did lawfully descend to King James, and was his right as wearing the Crown.* 6 
And Con's title being but a claim by tanestry, whereby a man at full years is to be chosen and 
preferred to the estate (during his life) before a boy, and an uncle before a nephew-heir under age, 
whose grandfather survived the father ; and so many times they preferred persons, and their de- 

following of the warre, to deliver them from his tyrannical 
bondage, as you have now most graciously and honourably 
done, wee must think, that rather fear, than any good de- 
votion, moved the most part of them, to stand so long of his 
side, which is partly verified in that, that many of them came 
in to your Majesties said deputie, long before the death of 
the sayd traytour, and that after his decease, Tirrelaghe 
Leynaghe, whom the countrey had elected to be O'Neile, 
and all the rest of the said lords and captains came of 
their owne voluntarie accord, into the presence of your 
Majesties said deputie, being then in Ulster, and there, 
with signs and tokens of great repentance, did humbly 
submit themselves, their lives and lands, unto your 
majesties hands, craving your mercy and favour with 
solemne oathes, and humble submission in writing, 
never to swerve from that their professed loyaltie and 
fidelitie to your imperiall crowne of England. And, 
therefore, we, your Majesties ancient, obedient, true, and 
faithfull subjects of this your realm of Ireland, with 
these your strayed and new reconciled people, fleeing now 
under the wings of your grace and mercy, as their onely 
refuge, most humbly and lowly make our humble petition 
unto your most excellent Majestic, that it would please 
the same to behold with your pitifull eyes the long-endured 
miserie of your said strayed people, and rather with easie 
remission than with due correction, to look unto their 
offences past, and not onely to extend to them your gra- 
cious pardon of their lives, but also ... to grant 
unto them such portions of their sayd several countries to 
live on by English tenure and profitable reservations as to 
your Majestic shall seem good and convenient ; in the 
distribution whereof your Highnesse sayd deputie (sir 
Henry Sidney) is best able to enform your Majestic, as 
one, which by great search and travayle, doth know the 
quantity of the sayd countreys, the nature of the soyles, 
the quality of the people, the diversitie of their lynages, 
and which of them hath best deserved your Majesties 
favour to be extended in thisbehalfe." Irish Statutes, vol. 

i-> P- 335- 

4 Shane O'Neill. Shane O'Neill, son of Con first 
earl of Tyrone, was surnamed an diotnais, 'of the Pride,' 
or 'Ambition,' but was more familiarly known as Shane 
Donghailech, because of his having been fostered with the 

45 The M'Donnell. The surname of Macdonnell is 
pronounced in Gaelic like Macconnell, and English writers 
generally spelled it according to the sound. This Alexander 
Macdonnell was surnamed Oge we 'young,' to distinguish 
him from his father, also named Alexander. The latter 
was lord of Isla and Cantire, and left seven sons, of 
whom the Alexander mentioned in the text was second, 

and the renowned Sorley Boy the seventh. For an ac- 
count of the circumstances which led to the slaying of 
Shane O'Neill by the Macdonnels, on the and of June, 
1567, near Cushendun, see Ulster Journal of Archeology, 
vol. ix., pp. 13941. 

46 As wearing the crcnvn. The following clause in the 
eleventh of Elizabeth had put the queen into actual posses- 
sion of all the lands in Ulster : " be it enacted . . . 
That your Majestic, your heyers and successors, shall have, 
hold, possesse, and enjoy, as in the right of your imperial 
crown of England, the countrey of Tyrone, the countrey 
of Claneboy, the countrey of Kryne, called O'Cahans 
countrey, the countrey of the Rowte, called MacGwylins 
countrey, the countrey and lordship of the Glynnes, 
usurped by the Scots, the countrey of Iveagh, called 
MacGennes countrey, the countrey of Orre, called 
O'Hanlons countrey, the countrey of the Fues, called 
Hugh MacNeyle Mores countrey, the countries of Ferny, 
Ireel, Loghty, and Dartalry, called the MacMahons 
countreys, the countrey of the Troo, called Mac Kynans 
countrey, and the countrey of Clancanny, called Mackans 
countrey, and all the honours, manors, castles, lands, 
tenements, and other hereditaments, whatsoever they be, 
belonging or appertaining to any of the persons aforesaid, 
or to their kinsmen or adherents, in any of the countreys 
or territories before specified, and that all and singular 
the premises with their appurtenances shall be forthwith 
invested with the reall and actual possession of your Ma- 
jestic, your heyres, and successors for ever. " Irish Statutes, 
vol. i., p. 336. The nth of Elizabeth was a ready wea- 
pon in the hands of such men as Chichester and Davies, 
who did not fail to wield it with terrible effect against 
such native Irish proprietors as could be implicated in 
rebellion. The latter foolishly supposed that pardons 
granted from the crown subsequently to that Act secured 
them against its consequences ; but it was interpreted to 
mean that the countries mentioned therein were always in 
actual possession of the Crown, and that the Irish pro- 
prietors, and all living under them, had no estate what- 
ever in the lands, and were permitted to remain there 
simply on sufferance. This interpretation enabled Chi- 
chester and Davies to come to the relief of their royal 
master, beset as James then was by a host of greedy Scot- 
tish courtiers, and a rout of common people, who had 
followed him across the Tweed in such multitudes, that 
their presence, by over-crowding, endangered the public 
health of London. By the I ith of Elizabeth, James could 
afford to be munificent in his grants of lands in Ulster to 
his Scottish friends, and the latter in turn relieved him 
from the pressure by carrying off vast numbers to plant 
on their newly-acquired Irish estates. Meehan, Fate 



cendants, intruded by strong hands, and extruded the true lineal heir. 47 And Con's immediate 
predecessors, Brian Fortagh O'Neill, &c., Con's reputed grandfather, and father, were intruders (as 
himself also was) into the Queen's right and possession, in those troublesome times especially, 
whilst Hugh O'Neill, whom the Queen restored to his predecessor's possessions, and to the title of 
Earl of Tireowen (alias Tireogen* 8 in Irish speech), rebelled and ravaged over all Ulster, and most 
other parts in Ireland, until the latter end of the year of the Queen's reign, of whose death he had 
not heard till he had submitted himself prisoner to the Lord Deputy Chichester, in Mellefont.49 

and Fortunes of the Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel, 
p. 285. 

* 7 True lineal heir. We have here, in a few words, 
a correct account of the Irish tanist law, which was 
occasionally cruel in its operations, but, as a general rule, 
answered the purposes of its adoption very well. The 
history of every county in Ireland would probably afford 
illustrations of the evils of the tanist law, as well as of 
its advantages. In almost every instance, however, it was 
found to operate for the advantage of the clan in general, 
and the depression of the lineal heirs. Thus, in the 
county of Antrim, Sorley Boy Macdonnell succeeded as 
chief of the Ulster Scots, although his elder brother James 
who died in 1565, left sons whose claims to the position 
were backed up, but in vain, by the English authorities. 
And Randall Macdonnell, who became first earl of Antrim, 
although he assisted zealously in setting aside Celtic cus- 
toms, must have nevertheless taken advantage of the 
provisions of the tanist law, when, early in 1603, he appeared 
before James I. as representative of the Antrim Macdon- 
nells, to the exclusion of the sons of his elder brother, 
sir James, who died in 1601. 

48 Earl of Tireogen. Tir-Eoghain, 'the country 
of Eoghan' so called from Eoghan (pronounced Owen), 
son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, whose descendants, 
called the Cinel-Eoghain, or Race of Owen, gave name 
to Inis-Eoghain or Inishowen, and in process of time, 
occupied a large tract of Ulster, which was subsequently 
divided into the counties of Tyrone and Armagh. Hugh 
O'Neill, last earl of Tyrone, of the first creation, was the 
son of Ferdoragh, and grandson of Conn, first earl of 
Tyrone. On the murder of his father, by Shane 
O'Neill, Hugh, as a young orphan nobleman, was pro- 
tected by the state, and resided during some years in 
London. He commanded a troop of horse during Des- 
mond's rebellion so much to the satisfaction of the civil 
and military authorities that he received from the Ex- 
chequer a yearly allowance of one thousand merks. 
Whilst bearing himself loyally in outward appearance 
to the Government, he was secretly making arrangements, 
at least as early as 1592, to assume the name and position 
of The O'Neill in Ulster. He soon afterwards threw off 
the mask and entered upon that terrible conflict with the 
English power which reduced Ulster to a wilderness, and 
ended in the extinction of his family and name as a 
governing power in the North. For an account of his 
temporary restoration by James I., see p. 24, supra. 
Fynes Moryson, who has written an account of Hugh 
O'Neill's rebellion, describes him as a' man of "mean 
stature, but strong in body, able to endure labours, watching, 
and hard fare ; being withal industrious and active, valiant, 
affable, and apt in the management of great affairs ; and 

of a high, dissembling, subtle, and profound wit ; so as 
many deemed him born either for the great good or ill 
of his country." Ulster Journal, vol. ii., p. 5. 

49 Mellefont. The author erroneously states that 
O'Neill's submission was made to " lord-deputy Chi- 
chester," the latter not being appointed deputy until 
February, 1603-4. The submission was made to lord- 
deputy Mountjoy in the preceding year. In 1602, 
Mountjoy received private intelligence of the Queen's 
dangerous illness, and, anxious to bring the rebellion to a 
close as speedily as possible, sent sir William Godolphin 
and sir Garret Moore to O'Neill, with a protection for 
his safe conduct, dated Tredagh (Drogheda), 24th March, 
1602-3. O n tne 2 7th, sir Garret Moore rode to Tul- 
loghoge, near Dungannon, and had an interview with 
O'Neill, and on the 29th sir William Godolphin presented 
him with the lord-deputy's safeguard or protection. 
O'Neill met Mountjoy the next day at Mellifont, five 
miles north-west from Drogheda, in Louth, and surren- 
dered himself on his knees. On the 3 1st of March, he 
made his submission, in writing, in the presence of a large 
assemblage. In a tract now very rare, written by Thomas 
Gainsforde, O'Neill's submission is represented as abject in 
the extreme. ' ' At his first entrance into the roome, euen at 
the threshold of the doore, hee prostrated himselfe grouel- 
ing to the earth, with such a deiected countenance, that 
the standers by were amazed, and my lord-deputy himselfe 
had much adoe to remember the worke in hand. For 
whether the sight of so many captaines and gentlemen ; 
whether ashamed of himselfe, when he saw such a number 
of his own nation spectators of his wretchednesse ; whether 
the consideration of his fortunes, that had thus embased 
him contrary to expectations ; whether the view of my lord 
to be his judge, whom once hee reputed to be at his mercy ; 
whether hee repented this course of submission, and dege- 
nerating begging of life, when a noble death had beene 
both honourable, and the determiner of misery ; or whe- 
ther man's naturall imperfection, to bee confounded and 
altred with affliction, depressed his spirits, I know not, 
but it was one of the deplorablest sights that euer I saw : 
and to looke vpon such a person, the author of so much 
trouble, and so formerly glorious, so deiected, would have 
wrought many changes in the stoutest heart, and did no 
doubt at this instant raise a certaine commisseration in his 
greatest aduersary. After a while the deputy beckned him 
to come neere ; belieue it, hee arose ; but with such degrees 
of humility, as if misfortune had taught him cunning to 
grace his acluersity. For hee passed not two steps, before 
hee yeelded to a new prostitution, which might well bee 
called a grouelling to the ground, and so, by diuided cere- 
monies, fell on his knees, beginning an apology for some 
of his actions, but at euery word confessing in how many 

4 6 


The said Brian, Neil, and Con, so intruding into Clanneboys and the Great Ardes, in those days of 
general confusion, and (for peace sake) winked at, they continued their possession, and at some 
times more avowedly (by reason of the fewness and weakness of the English garrisons) did take up 
rents, cuttings, 30 duties, and cesses, 51 coshering* 2 also upon their underlings, being therein assisted 
by their kindred and followers, whom they kept in pay, as soldiers, to be ready on all occasions 
(when required) to serve him. 

treasons hee had plunged himselfe, offending God and her 
Maiesty, how hee had abused her fauours, disturbed her 
kingdom, disobeyed her lawes, wronged her subjects, 
abandoned all ciuility, and wrapped himselfe in the uery 
tarriers of destruction ; so that nothing remained, but to 
Hie to the refuge of her princely clemency, which had so often 
restored both his life and honour. Heere my lord-deputy 
intercepted his oratory, with disclaiming all circumlocu- 
tion, or defence of the courses he had so disorderly under- 
taken ; nay, he would not heare a word of Justifying his 
dependancy on Spaine, or admission of that enmity to- 
wards England, withall applying some instructions worthy 
of so great a commander's name, intermingled with re- 
prehensions full of authority and eloquence, he admitted 
him to stand neerer, and (after an houre or more) gave him 
leaue to be couered, using him with honourable respect, 
both at his bord and priuate conferences, and so within 
two daies brought him as a trophe of his uictories into 
Dublin, with a full resolution to carry him into England, 
and present him to her Maiestie." Pp. 40, 41. The 
full title of this Tract is as follows: The True Exem- 
plary, and Remarkable History of the Earle of Tirone: 
Wherein the manner of his first presumption, affrighting 
both England and Ireland with his own and the King of 
Spain's forces, and the misery of his ensuing detection, 
downefall, and utter banishment, is truly related : Not 
from the report of others, or collection of authors, but by 
him who was an eye-witness of his fearfull wretchednesse 
and finall extirpation. Written by T. G., Esquire. 
London, Printed by G. P. for Ralph Rownthwaite, and 
are to be sold at the signe of the Flour e-de- Luce and Crowne, 
in Paulas Church-yard. 1619. Gainsforde's Life of 
Tirone, although curious in some respects, is to be read 
with caution. He appears to have been but a political 
pamphleteer who wrote courageously on the winning side. 
He is supposed to be the author of a curious old play, 
entitled The Siege of Tredagh, in which he introduces 
himself and the earl of Tyrone among the dramatis 
persona. MS. Notes of William Pinkerton, Esq. 

50 Cuttings. Cuttings were taxes imposed by Irish 
chieftains on their vassals to meet sudden or extraordinary 
emergencies, and were felt to be the more grievous because 
unexpected. The word cutt is still applied in many coun- 
try districts, although inappropriately, to the cess raised 
for county purposes. It may be inferred from the follow- 
ing passage quoted in Richardson's English Dictionary, 
that the ancient cutting was a formidable impost : " Se- 
condly, by imposing continual taxes and tallages, worse 
than Irish cuttings, being sometimes the tenth, sometimes 
the fifth, sometimes the third, sometimes the moiety 
of all the goods both of the clergy and laity." State 
Trials, anno 1607. 

51 Cesses. Probably identical with sess or assess, from 
asscsso, to impose a tax, which was never imposed except 

by an assize (nisi ab assessu) of men appointed for that 
purpose. "A subsidy," says Camden, "we call that 
which is imposed on every man, being cessed by the poll, 
man by man, according to the valuation of their goods 
and lands." In Spenser's View of the State of Ireland, p. 
227, we have the following explanation of this word : 

" Eudox. But what is that which you call cessc ? It is a word 
sure unusual among us here ; therefore, I pray you expound the 

" Iren. Cesse is none other than that which yourselfe called im- 
position, but it is in a kind unacquainted perhaps unto you." 

The word <rm is derived originally from the Irishfios, and was 
applied to more than one tax or impost. In addition to their 
regular rents and duties, the vassals of an Irish chief were 
required, almost as a general rule, to pay the cios-cosanta, 
or cess for protection, the people of almost every district 
or clan having to be protected from the people of other 
adjoining districts or clans. This tribute when imposed 
on the English settlers in Ireland was known among them 
as black-mail. Another cios or cess was imposed on all 
exempted from military service under the bratach or banner 
of the chief in every Gairm Sluiagh, 'calling of an army,' 
a Hosting. Ulster Journal of Archeology, vol. iii., 
p. 105. 

52 Coshering. The term coshering is supposed to be 
derived from cios-ri, king's cess, which was exacted when 
the chieftain could not make it convenient to billet himself 
and his train, if in time of peace, or his staff in time of 
war, in the houses of the clansmen belonging to his family. 
This primitive way of support could only be practised in 
the rudest state of society, and was considered by the 
English as altogether objectionable. The very first printed 
statute, anno 1310, is intended to abolish the practice of 
cosherie, and another act was passed, in 1634, for the 
same object. Although thus checked, and in certain dis- 
tricts entirely prevented, by the operation of these enact- 
ments, the custom was revived in some degree after the 
wide-spread confiscations of the seventeenth century, 
"when some of the kindliest feelings of human nature 
conspired to renew this ancient custom, in order to sup- 
port the families of the fallen chiefs." Ulster Journal of 
Archeology, vol. iv., p. 245. The poor Irish peasantry, 
with characteristic kindliness of heart, were always ready 
to share their scanty meals with cosherers, come from what 
quarter they would, pitying them as persons who had seen 
better days, and who were compelled to wander about as 
strangers in their own land. This sympathy was deepened 
in consequence of the stringent and cruel measures passed 
from time to time against these ruined Irish gentry. An 
Act, passed in 1636, For the suppression of cosherers and 
idle wanderers, describes them as "young gentlemen of 
this kingdom that have little or nothing to live on of 
their own .... but live coshering on the country, 
and sessing then i -elves and their followers, their horses 



This being the pickle wherein Con was soused, and his best claim but an unquiet possession, 
usurpation and intrusion against the laws of the kingdom, neither his ancestors nor himself being 
released from that attainder aforesaid, nor he anywise set rectus in curia for joining with Hugh 
O'Neil, it must needs follow, by all reasonable consequences, that Sir Hugh Montgomery had done 
many mighty acts for the rescue and welfare of Con himself, his friends and followers, as hath been 
fully proved were done for him and them; the very undertaking and prospect of which welfare could 
not but be very strongly obliging on Con O'Neil, kindly and with hearty thanks to accept of and 
to agree to the articles signed to Sir Hugh Montgomery at Braidstane, aforesaid. 

and their greyhounds, sometimes exacting money to spare 
them and their tenants, and to go elsewhere for their 
eeaughl and adraugh, viz. , supper and breakefaste . 
being commonly active young men, and such as seek to have 
many followers . . . apt upon the least occasion of 
insurrection or disturbance .... to be heads and 
leaders of outlaws and rebels." Prendergast, Cromwellian 
Settlement of Ireland, p, 2, note. These active young gen- 
tlemen were the sons of dispossessed fathers, who were 
doomed to see prosperous strangers in the occupation of their 
lands, and who, in fact, had no hope but in times of com- 
motion and rebellion. A great outbreak and massacre of 
the strangers occurred in 1641, and after an interval of 
twenty years, came another Act, in 1656, for the attainder 
of more rebels, and the expulsion of a still greater number 
of cosherers. In that dismal interval no less than "forty 
thoiisandotthz old English and Irish nobility, and gentry and 
commons, who had borne arms in the ten years' war (1642 
1652), were forced to abandon wives and children, home 
and country, and embark for Spain." This Act was so 
framed as to transplant the hapless families of these rebels 
to Connaught, and to transport the more troublesome to 
the English plantations in America. "And whereas," says 
the Act of 1656, " the children, grandchildren, brothers, 
nephews, uncles, and next pretended heirs of the persons 
attainted, do remain in the provinces of Leinster, Ulster, 
and Munster, having little or no visible estates or subsis- 
tence, but living only and coshering upon the common sort 
of people who were tenants to or followers of the respective 
ancestors of such persons, waiting an opportunity, as may 
justly be supposed, to massacre and destroy the English, 
who as adventurers or souldiers, or their tenants, are set 
down to plant upon the several lands and estates of the 
persons so attainted," are to transplant or be trans- 
ported to the English plantations in America. Prender- 
gast, Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, p. 163, note. 
These hapless cosherers and wanderers generally carried 
their ancient title-deeds about with them, wrapped up 

in old handkerchiefs, thus exciting, the pity of the 
people generally, and also the fears and hatred of such 
as had possession of their lands. The sight of these 
memorials naturally aroused a dangerous state of feeling 
among the families, descendants, and kindred of the dis- 
possessed proprietors, and therefore the House of Com- 
mons that assembled after the Restoration made provision 
that all title-deeds should be forcibly taken from such 
wanderers. Again, in the year 1707, game another Act 
to deal with such cosherers as were created by the for- 
feitures that followed 1 688, and who were then alleged to 
make common cause with the tories or robbers. Arch- 
bishop King writes as follows: "The ancient owners had 
still such influence and respect from their tenantry and 
the Irish generally, that they maintained them in their 
idleness and in their coshering manner. These vagabonds 
reckoned themselves great gentlemen, and that it would 
be a great disparagement to them to betake themselves to 
any calling, trade, or way of industry; and therefore either 
supported themselves by stealing or torying, or oppressing 
the poor farmers, and exacting some kind of maintenance 
either from their clan or sept, or from those that lived on 
the estates to which they pretended. And these pretended 
gentlemen (together with the numerous coshering popish 
clergy that lived much after the same manner) were the 
two greatest grievances of the kingdom, and more especially 
hindered its settlement and happiness." State of the Pro- 
testants of Ireland, 410, pp. 27 8. The Act of 6th 
Anne, chap. ii. (1707), describes them as "pretended Irish 
gentlemen, who will not work, but wander about demand- 
ing victuals, and coshering from house to house among 
their fosterers, followers, and others," and then orders 
them, on presentment of any grand jury of the counties 
they frequent, to be seized and sent on board the Queen's 
fleet, or to some of the plantations in America. Prender- 
gast, Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, p. 178; yournal 
of the Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland Archaelogical 
Society, vol. iii., new series, pp. 174-5. 



j]E have in the foregoing narrative a few of the many generous acts of the 6th Laird of 
Braidstane; let me trace him on the back scent, as well as I can for want of papers, and 
of the original articles of Braidstane, between him and Con alone, 1 and of the consequencial 
proceedings thereupon interrupted by Sir James Fullerton, 2 2d Jac., till we find the time about which 
he was knighted, pursuant to which I observe, imprimis by the letters patent passed (5th November, 
3d Jacobi, Ao. 1605), to Mr. James Hamilton, who therein is named James Hamilton, Esq., and 
called by the King his servant. 3 Our 6th Laird is stiled Sir Hugh Montgomery, knight, in which 
patent the letters to the said Deputy Chichester for passing it (dated i6th April forego ing s), that 
Nov". is intermini recited. Item in a deed, ist October, that same year 1605, it appears that James 
Hamilton, Esq., servant to the King, (as aforesaid) pursuant to the first trust, grants unto our said 

1 Atid Con alone. By these "original articles," which 
were burned among other papers at Rosemount, Con had 
granted the half of his lands to sir Hugh Montgomery. 
P. 27, supra. 

2 James Fullerton. P. 30, supra. 

3 King his servant. In this, and the two succeeding 
paragraphs, the author recapitulates, for the purpose of 
showing that Hugh Montgomery was knighted in 1605, 
and, consequently, had precedence of James Hamilton, 
who at that date was only an esquire and servant of the 
king. In the king's letter of the i6th April (see p. 33, 
supra), the laird of Braidstane is styled Hugh Mont- 
gomery, Esq. ; but in the grant to Hamilton of the 5th of 
November following, he is styled sir Hugh Montgomery ; 
so that he must have received the honour of knighthood 
in the interval between these dates. Hamilton was no 
doubt well content to allow the precedency in honor to 
Montgomery, whilst he enjoyed the more substantial 
boon of having this immense grant drawn out in his own 

4 Deputy Chichester. Sir Arthur Chichester was the 
second son of sir John Chichester of Raleigh, in Devon- 
shire. He commenced his public career by robbing one 
of the queen's purveyors, for which offence he was com- 
pelled to retire to France, where he soon became dis- 
tinguished as a soldier. Queen Elizabeth pardoned him, 
probably because she thought that she had as much need for 
his military services as Henry IV. of France. Lodge, 
Peerage of Ireland, edited by Archdall, vol. L, p. 318; 
Granger, Biographical History of England, vol. ii. , p. 98. 
On Chichester's return, he was sent to Ireland to assist in the 
suppression of Tyrone's rebellion, and proved himself a 
willing and effective instrument in carrying out Mountjoy's 
ruthless policy of extermination against the native Irish. 
English writers, and among them old Fuller, delight to 
tell how Chichester was so instrumental in ploughing and 
breaking iip the barbarous Irish nation, and then sowing 

the soil with the seeds of civility. The preparatory pro- 
cess consisted simply in the remorseless and wholesale 
destruction of human life, and all kinds of property. 
He proceeded on the conviction that the sword, even 
when wielded against helpless women and children, was 
not sufficiently destructive, and therefore called to his work 
all the horrible agencies of famine and pestilence. Describ- 
ing a journey which he made from Carrickfergus, along the 
banks of Loughneagh, into Tyrone, Chichester says: 
" / burned all along the loiigh, within four myles of Dun- 
gannon, and killed 100 people, sparing none of what qua- 
lity, age, or sex soever, besydes many burned to death ; we 
kyll man, -woman, and child ; horse, beast, and whatsoever 
we find." On another occasion, after his return from a 
similar expedition into the Route, he writes "I have 
often sayd and wrytten that it is famine that must consume 
them ; our swordes and other indeavoures worke not that 
speedie destruction which is expected. " See an interesting 
Contribution, by Wm. Pinkerton, Esq. , in Ulster Journal 
of Archeology, vol. v., p. 209, and note. Thomas Gains- 
forde, the writer of The True Exemplary, and Remark- 
able History of the Earl of 7^irone, already quoted, refers 
to the dire calamity inflicted at that period on the helpless 
inhabitants of Ulster. "For the sword-men," says he, 
"perished with sicknesse and famine the next yeere fol- 
lowing, and the poore calliots (old women) deuoured one 
another for meere hunger, and showed us the lamentable 
effects of a calamitous warre and afflicted country" p. 37. 
The writer expresses his gratification on the advancement 
of Chichester to the chief-governorship as follows : " By 
this time is sir Arthur Chichester lord deputy, who 
watched these parts of the North more narrowly than any 
other before him. First, because of his long experience 
and residence amongst them, as being gouernor of Knog- 
fergus, and a laborious searcher of Logh Con (Strangford 
Lough) with all the territories adjacent" p. 47. 
5 1 6th April foregoing. P. 33, sup-a. 



Laird (by the name of Sir Hugh Montgomery, Knight, one of the Esqrs. of his Majesty's body), 
the abbey and lands of Movilla, &c., which is a prior date by a month and five days to the patent 
last named. 6 This was so early done because abbey lands were first passed. James Hamilton, Esq., 
by patent, dated 2oth July the said year, 1605, Sir Hugh Montgomery not being then come to 
Dublin, but in September y e next month following, the said 2oth July notwithstanding all the ex- 
pedition he and Con had made through Scotland, that they might look to their hitts aforesaid.? 

Item, I observe by the tripartite indenture, dated ult. April, 1605, aforesaid, that James 
Hamilton, Esq., was to bear equal share in the expences of Con and his followers from the ist of 
August preceding that indenture. 8 This August was A. 1604, which was ad Jacobi, and was 
many months after Con was brought to Whitehall by our Laird, in all which time, and till the said 
letters to the Deputy, dated the i6th of April, 1605, our said Laird and his brother George, the 
Dean, had solicited Con's pardon, and the grant for half of his estate, the other moiety to the Laird 
himself, and obtained the King's letters of warrant to the Lord Deputy to pass letters patent con- 
formably to the said articles at Braidstane. But this affair taking time, and wind, at Court, was 
interrupted by Sir James Fullerton, as you have already heard; and that thereupon the said Con 
and Hugh Montgomery, of London, Esq., and James Hamilton, of London, Esq., adjusted affairs 
between themselves, so that it seems our Laird was knighted in April, 1605, or not long afterwards, 
but of Knights Bachellor? no record is kept, so that for want thereof I must desist my inquiry. 

6 Patent last named. Hamilton began by granting 
sparingly to his rival. This grant was, by indenture, dated 
the 1st of October, anno tertio Jacobi, and James Hamilton, 
in consideration of^io6 55. od. English, commonly called 
old silver, every pound containing four ounces troy weight, 
to be paid to him at Martinmas following, granted the 
scites, &c., of Movilla, Gray Abbey, and Newtone, with 
the several particular townlands and premises, and all the 
tithes and royalties belonging to the same, before granted 
to said James Hamilton by letters patent, to hold for ever, 
at the rent of $ i6s. 8cl. to the king, on condition of 
payment of said sum of 106 $s. od. on the day ap- 
pointed. For a recital of the possessions and appropria- 
tions of the several religious houses above-mentioned, see 
the Inquisition of 1623. 

7 Their hitts aforesaid. There is some portion of the 
Manuscript omitted in this passage. The 2Oth of July 
was the date of the letters patent granting the whole lands 
to Hamilton, in his own name. The "hitts," of which 
the author speaks more than once, consisted, principally, 
in the arrangement between Con and Sir Hugh, by which 
the former was bound not to alienate his lands to any one 
without the knowledge of the latter. P. 40, supra. 
Sir Hugh's hitts seem to have been no match for Hamil- 
ton's tactics. The latter "was so wise," says the Stewart 
MS., "as to take, on easy terms, endless leases of much 
more of Con's third part, and from other despairing Irishes, 
than Sir Hugh had done." 

8 That indenture. One of Con O'Neill's inducements 
to enter into this Tripartite Indenture was "in considera- 
tion of much costs, charges, and expenses which they, the 
said Hugh Montgomery and James Hamilton, have been 
at, and shall be at, as well in procuring and passing the 
said Con O'Neale MacBrian Feartagh O'Neale his said 
pardon, and the grant of the said territories, castles, 

manors, lands, hereditaments, premises, or so much 
thereof as by the king's majesty shall be pleased to grant 
unto the said James Hamilton, and also in bearing and 
paying the said Con O'Neale and his followers, their 
moderate and ordinary charges whatsoever in England, 
Ireland, and Scotland, as well since the beginning of the 
month of August last past, before the date of these 
patients, as also untill the said pardon and grants of the 
said territories so passed" under the great seal of Ireland, 
shall be deemed, assured, and conveyed by the said James 
Hamilton imto and between Con O'Neale, &c." The last 
clause of the Tripartite Indenture is as follows : "It is 
mutually covenanted, &c., between the said Hugh Mont- 
gomery and James Hamilton that all and every sum or 
sums whatsoever, as from the beginning of August now 
last past, hath been disbursed and laid forth by them for 
touching or in anywise concerning the said Con O'Neale 
and his affairs, and that hereafter shall be laid forth and 
disbursed by them for touching and concerning the pro- 
curing and passing of the said pardon and grant, or for 
touching and concerning the divisions aforesaid, and all 
assurances whatsoever thereupon to be had, made, and 
perfected, and otherwise concerning the premises, shall 
'be equally paid and borne, by and between the said 
Hugh Montgomery and James Hamilton, without fraud 
or covin, upon account, to be made by and between them. " 
Inquisition of 1623. Covin means a fraudulent arrange- 
ment between two or more to the prejudice of a third. 

9 Knights Bachellor. Bachelor, from bas-chevalier, was 
a tenn used to designate the humblest, although the most 
ancient, order of knighthood. Knights bachelors are so 
termed to distinguish them from bannerets, the chief or 
superior order of knighthood. " The functions of a knight 
were complete when he rode at the head of his retainers 
assembled under his banner, which was expressed by the 


Item, we have heard also how that after the said overthrow [;iven to the Laird and Con by Sir 
James Fullerton's procurement of a letter of warrant to the Lord Deputy, Arthur Lord Chichester, 10 
dated the i6th April, 1605, aforesaid, was granted to pass Con's estate and some abbey lands, by 
patent, to James Hamilton, Esq., in his sole name, in trust for himself, our Laird and Con, and that 
y" last day of y e said April, y e tripartite indenture was made between the said three persons. 11 

Now to faciliate the performances thereof, Mr. Hamilton returned soon to Dublin with an 
order for an inquisition on the lands of the said Con, and on y e abby lands, which was held the 4th 
July, 1605, and being returned enrolled in Sept. next following, and wherein was a reference (for 
more certainty) unto the office taken ist Jac. A. 1603, and from which and y e jurors and breefs 
the last above said inquisition did much vary, as hath been before now related. 12 However, Mr. 
Hamilton, y e zoth of y e said July, passed letters patent in his own name, of the premises;^ and Sir 
Hugh Montgomery being arrived in Ireland, with Con, they went to Dublin as aforesaid, where, 
pursuant to the former said agreements, he did, ist October next following (as is said), grant the 
lands of Movilla, Newton, and Gray Abbey, 1 * &c., to Sir H. Montgomery; then on the 5th Nov., 
1605, passed a more ample patent of Con's estate/s and of all the abby lands therein; and, pursuant 
to agreement with the said Con, Mr. Hamilton grants him his lands in and about Castlereagh, y* 
very next day 16 after the date of the said ample patent last above mentioned. So Con's whole affair 
being done for him, and he releasing Sir Hugh Montgomery and Mr. Hamilton of all contracts and 
expenses relating thereunto, soon returned to Castlereagh, where I left him treated by his friends and 
followers as before herein is briefly related. In this dispatch is seen Sir Hugh Montgomery's 
kindness to Con and himself. 

Observe further, as aforesaid, that the said Mr. Hamilton, on the 7th day of the said November, 
1605, again grants to Sir Hugh Montgomery, the lands of Newtown, Gray Abbey, &c. This was 
done the next day after Mr. Hamilton had given the deed to Con. No doubt this dispatch pleased 

term, lever bannib-e. So long as he was unable to take this a grand monument was erected to his memory. For an 
step, either from insufficient age or poverty, he would be account of his funeral procession, see Ulster Journal of 
considered only as an apprentice in chivalry, and was Archeology, vol. ix., pp. 193 6; for the pompous in- 
called a knight bachelor, just as the outer barrister was scription on his tomb, see M'Skimin, History of Carrick- 
only an apprentice at law, whatever his age might be." fergus, pp. 149 5 1 - 
Wedgewood, Dictionary of English Etymology. * Said three persons. See Inquisition of 1623, Appen- 

10 Arthur Lord Chichester. See note 4, supra. Chi- dix A. 

Chester had received the honour of knighthood from Eliza- " Before related. P. 36, supra. 

beth in 1595, and was created baron Chichester of Belfast I3 Of the premises. This is the date of the grant to 

in 1612. His enormous grants from the crown in the Hamilton of the "Abbeys, Monasteries, and other religious 

counties of Antrim, Tyrone, and Donegal, are recited at Houses of Holywood, Movilla, Black Abbey, Gray Ab- 

length in the Calendar of Patent Rolls of the reign of bey, Newton, and Bangor." Inquisition of 1623. 

James I., pp. 49, 1 20- 22,161,169. Yet although this man * 4 Gray Abbey, &c. P. 42, supra. 

may be said to have been gorged to repletion by the pos- IS Ample patent of Con's estate. This princely territory, 

session of forfeited lands, we find him, in what he calls a including Upper Clannaboy and the Great Ards, contained 

" Note of some of his most material! services," during the two hundred and thirty townlands, or sub-divisions of 

first nine years of his official career in Ireland, actually various extent. The reader may find the denomina- 

taking credit to himself for self-denial in refusing to make tional names of these sub-divisions recorded in the Inqui- 

certnin grants to the natives, as other chief governors had sition of 1623, at the end. 

done, and which grants would, says Chichester, "have * 6 Y e very next day. Namely on the 6th of November, 

bin verie profitable unto me, if I had preferred myne owne The author has recorded these several dates with great 

private gaine before yor Ma^es service, and good of the accuracy. The ATS. Inquisition of 1603 also mentions 

comon-wealth. " He died in 1625, without issue, his only this grant on the same date. It included sixty-seven 

child, a son, having gone before him, in 1606. lie was townlands immediately adjoining Castlereagh, among 

buried in the church of St. Nicholas, Carrickfcrgus, where which were the Knock and Ballymacarrett. P. 36, supra. 


every of the three parties for their respective private reasons : Con being contented to the full for 
aught I find to the contrary, and Sir Hugh with whatever he got (de bene esse) in part for the presents, 1 ? 
that they both might more closely follow the plantations they were bound to make, and therefore 
Sir Hugh, also, after a small stay, returned from Dublin, and on the isth January of the same year 
1605, livery of seizin of Con's lands was taken by Cuthbert Montgomery, 18 and given to Sir Hugh in 
trust for Con's use, '9 and much about the same time livery of seizin was given to Sir Hugh, pursuant 
to the said deed, dated the yth of November abovesaid, Jo. Shaw and Patrick Montgomery, Esqrs., 
being appointed attornies by Mr. Hamilton to take and deliver the same accordingly. 

These few last rehearsals, being the sum of the chief transactions between Mr. Hamilton, 
trustee aforesaid, and Sir Hugh Montgomery and Con before A. 1606, I thought it necessary to be 
recapitulated before I proceed to other matters done between them after the 22d of August, 1606, 
on which day the said Con had sold to Sir Hugh Montgomery the woods of four town-lands 20 as 
aforesaid, and then I will (as well as I can) give the narration of Sir Hugh promoting and advancing 
his plantation after the last mentioned August. But first i must intimate two things, of which I 
shall not write hereafter : The first is that Mr. Hamilton and Sir Hugh were obliged in ten years' 
time, from November, 1605, to furnish British inhabitants (English and Scotch Protestants) to plant 
one-third of Con's lands granted to himself. 21 The second thing was that Mr. Hamilton passed 
another patent in February, 1605, which is posterior as you now see to that of the 5th of November 
the same year, according to English account or supputation current in Ireland, 22 by virtue of which 
patent in November now mentioned, it was that Mr. Hamilton gave the deeds aforesaid of the 6th 
and yth of the same month, unto Con and Sir Hugh, as is (herein) before remembered. 

These two remarks being made, I now go on with Sir Hugh Montgomery's plantation, which 
began about May, i6o6, 23 and thus it was, viz: Sir Hugh, after his return from Ireland to Braidstane, 
in winter 1605, as he had before his coming into Ireland, spoken of the plantation, so now he con- 
duced his prime friends to join him therein, viz: John Shaw of Greenock, 2 * Esq., whose sister 

17 For the presents. Hamilton's conduct did not satisfy and dwell under him the said Con and his heirs, in and 
sir Hugh Montgomery, who, in 1618, obtained by arbi- upon one third part of the aforesaid territories, castles, 
tration a larger amount of church lands. De bene esse is a manors, lands, and premises which shall be assured 
phrase in law which means to take any act as well done for and conveyed unto him, the said Con, and his heirs, the 
the present. said persons paying and doing to the said Con and his 

18 Cuthbert Montgomery. Cuthbert was a prevailing heirs, such reasonable rents, duties, and services as shall 
Christian name among the Montgomerys of Largs, and be agreed and concluded upon by and between him, the 
to that branch the gentleman here mentioned most prob- said Con or his heirs, and them, the said English and Scotch 
ably belonged. persons, for inhabiting the said third part of the moiety of 

*' For Con 's use. This property was re-granted to Con by the premises or any part thereof." Inquisition of 1623. 

sir Hugh Montgomery, pursuant to articles made between 22 Current in Ireland. P. 40, supra. 

them, on the 24th December, 1605. Inquisition of 1623. 23 About May, 1606. On the 22d of November, 1605, 

20 Four town-lands. P. 41, supra. sir Hugh Montgomery, preparatory to his coming as a set- 

21 Granted to himself. Montgomery *and Hamilton tier in Ireland, received a grant of denization from the 
were so bound by the original terms of the grant from the crown, by which he was made free of the yoke of servi- 
crown, but more particularly by the Tripartite Indenture. tude of the Scotch, Irish, or any other nation, and made 
The following is the obligatory passages in the latter capable of holding and enjoying all the rights and privi- 
document: "And the said James Hamilton and Hugh leges of an English subject. Calendar of Patent Rolls of 
Montgomery, for themselves, their heirs, executors, &c., James I., p. 84; see also Erck's Repertory, &c., p. 235. 
do severally covenant, promise, grant, and agree, that By this arrangement an alien was constituted a subject, 
they shall, and within ten years next ensuing the date of and was called donaison (denizen), because his legitima- 
these pattents, cause and procure such and so many Eng- tion proceeded ex donation e regis. 

lish and Scotch persons as shall be sufficient to inhabit 24 John Shaw of Greenock, P. n, supra. This John 


Elizabeth he had married divers years before that time, and Patrick Montgomery of Black House, 2 * 
Esq., who married the said John Shaw's sister, Christian. These two Gentlemen had been in Ire- 
land, and given livery of seizin as aforesaid to Sir Hugh, who also adduced the afore mentioned 

Shaw was a younger son of John (or James) Shaw, 
laird of Greenock, who was son of Alexander Shaw of 
Sauchie, by his second wife, Elizabeth, a daughter of 
William Cunningham of Glengarnock. John (or James) 
Shaw, father of the gentleman mentioned in the text, 
married, in 1565, his cousin, Jean, daughter of John Cun- 
ningham of Glengarnock, and, besides this John who came 
to the Ards, left James, his successor, and at least two 
other sons. Crawford, History of the Shire of Renfrew, 
4to, 1818, p. 125. On the igth July, 1616, sir Hugh 
Montgomery conveyed by deed to ' ' John Shaw, for ever, 
all these two new townlands, containing about xiice acres, 
Scottish measure, in the 2 old townlands called Bally- 
cheskeve and Ballingamoye, in the Great Ardes, adjoining 
to Lord Clancboy's lands in the south; Thomas Mont- 
gomery on the north; John Herriott and Robert Allen on 
the west; and the main sea on the east; with appurtenances, 
paying 405 English, King's rent, total 52s, paid at All 
Saints and May Day, or eight days after. " John Shaw was 
in peaceable possession of this property in 1623. Inqui- 
sition of 1623. Harris, in his Ancient and Present State 
of the County of Doiun, p. 59, states that, in 1744, there 
stood a house near the market cross of Newtownards with 
the Shaw Arms inscribed in front; which arms consisted 
of a "star in the middle of three cups, and the crest a 
phoenix." This house had been probably built by John 
Shaw, who dwelt at Newtownards, although he held lands 
at more than one place in the district. "The armorial 
bearing of this family," says Crawford, "is, azure, three 
covered cups, Or; supported by two savages, wreathed 
about the middle; and for a crest, a demi-savage; with 
this motto I mean well. " History of the Shire of Renfreiv, 
p. 126. Several members of this family of Shaw are men- 
tioned by the author in his memoirs. A rent-roll of the 
Donaghadee property, in 1718, contains the name of John 
Shaw, esq., of Gemaway, the representative of the ori- 
ginal John Shaw abovementioned Gemaway or Ganna- 
way, being the more modern form of Ballygamoye, one 
of the denominational names in the grant of 1616, from 
sir Hugh Montgomery. Members of this family settled 
also at Ballygelly and Ballytweedie, in the county of An- 
trim. The sixth earl of Eglinton (Greysteel), writing, 
on the 22nd of June, 1648, to his son, colonel James 
Montgomery, then serving in Ulster, says: "Gif ze have 
gottin any halkis (hawks) for me, send them over; for it 
is tyme they war maid : your brother has a rid on alreadie. 
Also caus send the two deir to me that captaine Drum- 
mond promised me; and caus scheir sume gras and put in 
beside them. What fraught ze agrie for I sail pay it upon 
sicht of zour letter; and gif there be any mae young anes 
in the cuntrie, speik Bellie Gellie, and sum otheris to get 
me sum." The earl had written to his son, on the previous 
day, respecting certain weighty affairs, political and mili- 
tary, concluding his letter thus : "I tak God to witness 
I deill frielie with zow, both for zour honour and well, and 
clesyres zow to tak the counsell of my lord Airds, Generall 
Major Munro, sir James Montgomerie, and IVilliam Schaw, 
whom I know will deill faithfullie with zow, and honouris 
and respectis zow, and spair not to show my letter to them 

all, and remember my love and service to them. " Fraser, 
Memorials, vol. i., p. 287. In June, 1657, a marriage was 
contracted between James Shaw, eldest son of James Shaw 
of Ballygellie, and his cousin, Elizabeth Brisbane of Largs. 
The estate of the Brisbanes was, by the marriage contract, 
settled on the heirs male of James Shaw, he taking the 
surname and arms of Brisbane, and his father paying 
j 20,000 Scots, to be applied in providing for the family of 
John Brisbane the younger. In 1671, James Shaw, or 
Brisbane, acquired the estate of Over Kelsoland, and soon 
afterwards the estate of Knock, both in the parish of 
Largs. There is a letter of remission from James II., 
dated 26th February, 1686, to this James Shaw, or Bris- 
bane, for certain fines that had been imposed on him in 
consequence of his wife's persistent attendance on Presby- 
terian conventicles. Law, Memorials, p. 271, as quoted 
in Paterson, Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii. , 
p. 308. A William Shaw, on the 23d June, 1703, pur- 
chased for the sum of ,1350, the towns and lands of Car- 
mavy consisting of 484 acres, lands in Ballyrobin 88 acres, 
and two mills, all which had been part of the forfeited 
estate of sir Neal O'Neill. Inrolled i$th January, 1703. 
Fijtccnth Report of Irish Record ^Commission, p. 360. 
Against O'Neill's estate he had the following claims, viz. 
I. ;66o penalty ; by assignment, dated the I4th February, 
1697 ; Witnesses, James Young, John Shaw, of a judgment 
obtained in Trinity Term, 1688, in the exchequer, on a bond 
dated I4th February, 1 686. 2. ^1320 penalty ; By coun- 
ter-bond, dated 1 4th February, 1686. 3. ^"300 penalty; by 
bond, with warrant of attorney, dated 25th April, 1680, 
and assigned to the claimant (William Shaw) by deed 
dated 3 1st October, 1694; Judgment entered in the com- 
mon pleas in Hilary Term, 1688. 4. 22 rent-charge 
on Ballytweedye ; by deed dated the 6th of July, 1686; 
Witnesses, Bryan O'Neill, Will. Shaw, and others. 5. 
75 I 3 S - I( i-> being a sixth part of the arrears, portions, 
interest, and maintenance money, secured on sir Neal 
O'Neill's estate. By articles of agreement, dated the I5th 
July, 1699. List of the Claims as they are entered with the 
Trustees at Cliickester House, on College Green, Dublin, on 
or before the Tenth of August, 1700, pp. 203, 328. The 
late Henry William Shaw, who died at Glen-Ebor, county 
of Down, in the month of November, 1867, was the last 
representative in the main line of the Shaws of Bally- 
tweedy, and probably of Ballygannaway. The family of 
Balligellie is not extinct, although it has long ceased to 
own its ancestral lands. 

25 Blockhouse. P. 28, supra. The lands of Blatk- 
house formed a portion of the superiority of Skel- 
morlie-Cunningham in the parish of Largs. Patrick 
Montgomery inherited Blackhouse from his father, John 
Montgomery, who was of the Braidstane family, and who 
died at the close of the year 1600. His son, Patrick, 
became the owner of the whole superiority of Skelmorlie- 
Cunningham, and of extensive landed property in the 
Ards, especially at Creboy, or Creighboy, in the parish 
of Donaghadee. He died in 1629, and by his wife, 
Christen Shaw of Greenock, left three sons. Hugh, the 
eldest, died in 1630, and was succeeded by his brother 



Colonel David Boyd, 26 who bargained for 1000 acres, in Gray Abby parish, Scottish Cunningham 
measure, at 18 foot 6 inches to the perch or pole. Sir Hugh also brought with him Patrick Shaw, 
Laird of Kelseland 2 7 (his lady's father's brother), and Hugh Montgomery, 28 a cadet of the family of 
Braidstane, and Mr. Thomas Nevin, 2 ? brother to the Laird of Mouck Roddirj and Cunning- 

John, an officer in the army. The latter was slain at the 
battle of Dunbar, in September, 1650, and was succeeded 
by his son, named Patrick, who sold the greater portion 
of his Scottish property in 1663. John Montgomery, son 
of the latter, sold the Irish estate of Creboy in 1716, and 
returned to occupy the remaining portion of the family 
property in Skelmorlie-Cunningham. Paterson, Parishes 
and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i., p. 230. The first Patrick 
Montgomery, mentioned in the text, besides the estate of 
Creboy, received a grant from his brother in-law, sir Hugh 
Montgomery, of the townlands called Ballyhannode and 
Ballogortevil, in 1616. In 1623, William Hamilton was 
in possession of the former, which he had obtained by 
assignment from Duncan M 'Lee, who had a lease of the 
same from Patrick Montgomery, for nineteen years, com- 
mencing from the year 1616. Inquisition 0/1623. 

36 David Boyd. Page 41, mpra. There is the follow- 
ing account of this grant to Boyd in the Inquisition of 1623: 
"We further find that the said lord viscount Ards, 
by the name of sir Hugh Montgomery, by his deed of 
feoffment, bearing date 7th September, 1607, did grant 
unto Colonel David Boyde, Esq. , his heirs and assigns for, 
ever, thetownes and lands of Ballymeskivie alsFitsthearton, 
Ballyheghlaye als Castown, Ballymechertunere als the 
Great Bog, Ballymaccachow, Ballytemplechrone als 
Owlstown, Ballygrange, and Ballychallock, being in the 
whole 1000 acres of land, Scottish measure, after 120 acres 
to every hundred acres, with appurtenances, as the same is 
marched and meared by the said deed, to hold all and 
singular the premises, unto the said Colonel David Boyde, 
his heirs and assigns, for ever, under the yearly rent of 
^16 sterling, English money, to be paid at the feast of 
Pentecost, and St. Martin the buschapp, by even portions, 
and by other services and duties as provided in the said 
deed. Robert Boyde, son and heir to the said Colonel 
David Boyde, on the 8th of December last was, and is, in 
quiet possession thereof, and of every part and parcel 
thereof, by virtue of said grant, given unto said Colonel 
David Boyde deceased." A king's letter was granted, di- 
recting a commission to issue to inquire by inquisition 
what lands, tenements, and hereditaments were purchased 
by colonel David Boyd, deceased, not being a free denizen 
of either Ireland or England, from lord viscount Mont- 
gomery of the Ards in Ulster; and of whom said lands 
ought to be held, and by what tenures, rents, and services, 
and upon the return of said inquisition, in consideration 
of the good and faithful services of David, to make a grant 
of same lands to his son, Robert Boyd. 22 March, 22 Jac. i. 
Cal. Pat. Rolls, James /., p. 582. The above mentioned 
grant is thus referred to in the report of an Inquisition held 
at Downpatrick on the 4th of September, 1633: "The 
viscount Mountgomerie was seised, as of fee, of the townes 
and lands mencioned in a deed indented, made the 7th 
September, 1607, between his lordship by the name of sir 
Hugh Mountgomerie of Bradston, knight, of the one parte, 
and colonell David Boyde, esq. , of the other parte. The 
said colonell David Boyde was a Scottishman, borne in 

the kingdom of Scotland long before King James became 
King of England and Ireland, and at the time of 
making of the said deed he was not made a denison, by 
any letters pattents. All the rents and other duties, re- 
served in and by the said deed, are in arrear, since the year 
1625." Ulster Inquisition, Down (40), Car. I. The 
family residence of the Boyds was in Castletown, or Sally- 
castle, as the place is called in the report of a post-mortem 
Inquisition held at Downpatrick, on the 4th of October, 
1636. Ibid. (75), Car. I. Ballycastle (which is now 
included, with most of the other lands held by the Boyds, 
in the Mountstewart demesne) is supposed to have been 
so called from the castle occupied by Thomas Smith, jun., 
during the short interval between his coming to take pos- 
session of the Ards, as granted by Elizabeth in 1572, and 
his assassination by the natives in the following year. For 
further account of the Boyd family, see Appendix C. 

27 Laird of Kelseland. This Patrick Shaw, being uncle 
of sir Hugh Montgomery's lady, must have been a younger 
son of Alexander Shaw of Sauchie, by his second wife, 
Elizabeth Cunningham. Kelsoland was the name of an 
estate in the parish of Largs, so called from Hugh De 
Kelso, or Kelcho, who owned it in 1296, and whose 
descendants held it, without interruption until 1624, when 
the property passed into the hands of the Shaws of Green- 
ock. Patrick Shaw was not laird of Kelsoland at the 
time of his coming to the Ards, but having afterwards 
obtained the estate, the author naturally gives him the 
title by which he was best known. He was residing 
at Kelsoland in 1636, having probably returned to 
Scotland in 1624. Robert Kelso of Halrig, the heir male 
of the Kelso family, and the thirteenth in descent from 
Hugh De Kelso the founder, re-purchased Kelsoland from 
Hugh Shaw, son of Patrick. Robert Kelso's son, John, 
finally alienated the estate in 1671, to James Shaw of 
Ballygellie, county of Antrim, who, from the time of his 
marriage with his cousin, Elizabeth Brisbane, had taken 
her name. See p. 52, supra. From that time, Kelsoland 
has formed part of the Brisbane estate, in the parish of 
Largs. Paterson, Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. 
ii., pp. 313, 480. For an account of the sepulchral vault 
of the Shaws and Brisbanes, see p. 10, note 34, stipra. 

28 Hugh, Montgomery. A Hugh Montgomery, the 
younger, held lands on the estate granted to sir James 
Montgomery in 1629. This Hugh, who was son of a 
Hugh Montgomery in Scotland, held, among other lands, 
the island called Islandmore, near Greyabbey. Insula vo- 
cata Ilandmore possessionata per Hugonem Mountgomery 
junioremetsuossnbtenentes,cumpertinentiis. Ulst. Inquis., 
Down (75), Car. I. 

** Thomas Nevin. Thomas Nevin was nephew of the 
firstlady Montgomery of the Ards, one of her sisters having 
married Andrew Nevin, second laird of Monkredding, or 
Monkroddin, in the parish of Kilwinning. Although the 
Monkredding estate was small, consisting only of 700 
acres adjoining the village of Kilwinning, its lairds were 
kinsmen of the earls of Eglinton, and appear to have 




ham,3 a gentlemen,hisnearallys,andalsoPatrickMoore, of Dugh^ 1 Neils* and Catherwood, 3 3 gentlemen, 
with many others, and gave them lands in fee farm in Donaghadee parish34 (all which parish, except 

been engaged in several confidential matters connected 
with the Eglinton family. In 1581, Andrew Nevin, the 
second laird and father of Thomas, mentioned in the text, 
witnessed an obligation from Margaret Maxwell, lady 
Giffyn, and Duncan Foster of Killmoir, her spouse, to 
the third earl of Eglinton. He also witnessed a bond 
given by the same earl in 1582, relating to a marriage 
contract between Robert master of Setoun and Margaret 
Montgomerie, the earl's daughter. In 1583, Monkredding 
was one of the witnesses to an obligation from Muir 
of Caldwell to surrender certain papers to Agnes 
Montgomerie, lady Sempill. Paterson, Parishes and 
Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., p. 253: Fraser, Memorials, 
vol. ii., pp. 221, 224. Thomas Nevin, of Ballycopland, 
parish of Donaghadee, obtained a grant of denization, in 
May, 1617. Calendar of Patent Rolls, James I. , p. 326. 
This gentleman appears to have returned to the family 
estate in Ayrshire, where he died about 1651. His will, 
dated on the 22nd of January in that year, is preserved in 
Dublin, although it was written in Scotland. In this do- 
cument he mentions his lands in Ireland, and his son, "Mr. 
Hew, in Ireland." MS. Notes of Rob. S. Nicholson, Esq. 
On coming to the Ards, it is certain that the Nevins 
first settled in the parish of Donaghadee, where their 
descendants continued in possession of considerable 
landed property until late in the eighteenth century. In 
1771, the lands known as the two fiallymacre^uses 
were held by David and John Nevin, and had pre- 
viously been in possession of Benjamin Nevin, prob- 
ably their father. Besides this property, John Nevin 
held a part of Ballyvester, and David a part of Canny- 
reagh, in the same parish. In 1775, John and William 
Nevin held extensive house property in Donaghadee, in- 
cluding "the water-corn mill and wind-mill." MSS. in 
possession of Daniel De la Cherois, Esq. , Donaghadee, to 
whose kindness the editor is indebted for the loan of many 
interesting Family Papers. 

3 Cunningham. This gentleman, whose Christian 
name was John, was a younger son of John Cunningham, 
fifteenth laird of Glengarnock, parish of Kilbirnie, and 
brother of Jean Cunningham, married to John Shaw of 
Greenock. Crawford, History of Renfrewshire, p. 125; 
Paterson, Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii. , p. 119. 
The following notice of the grant to John Cunningham (date 
not given) occurs in the Inquisition of 1623 : " Wee find 
the said Lord Montgomery granted by Deed to Jn. Cunning- 
ham, Esqr. , and the lawful heirs of his body, all and whole 
acres of land Scottish measure, of the lands of Ballyrin- 
creavye and Carrownemuck, together with as much of the 
nearest moss as is sufficient for his House, for ever ; and 
failing his heirs to return back to the said Lord: at the 

Sarly rent of four pounds English, together with us. for his 
ajestie's rent, at May and Hallowmas yearly, by even 
portions ; to be holden of the said Hugh Montgomery in 
free and common socca^~. " Alexander Cunningham, son 
of said John, was in possession in 1623. 

38 Of Dugh. Although this Patrick Moore had lived 
at Deugh before coming to the Ards, he was probably one 
of the Moores of Muirstown, a small estate in the vicinity 
of Braidstane. Deugh, or Deughlinn, is in the parish of Cars- 
phairn, Kirkcudbrightshire, which parish occupies the moun- 

tain ridge separating Ayrshire from Kirkcudbright. New 
Statistical Account of Scotland, Kirkcudbright, p. 4. The 
Inquisition of 1623 records no fee-farm grant to Patrick 
Moore from sir Hugh Montgomery. In 1616, Con 
O'Neill leased to John William Moore, the lands of 
Ballynacrossan, alias Crossan, for the period of twenty- 
one years, at the annual rent of twenty-six shillings. 
Patrick Moore of Aughneil attended the funeral of the first 
viscount Montgomery, at Newtoune, in 1626. Quintine 
Moore of Aughneil obtained letters of denization in the 
year 1617. Calendar of Patent Rolls of James I., p. 329. 

y Neil. Probably a member of the family dwelling at 
Mains-Neill, near Braidstane. In 1635, John Neill was 
portioner of Mains, and Archibald Neill held the property 
called Muirstoun at the same date. Paterson, Account of 
the Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i. , p. 278. 

33 Cathenvood. The Inquisition of 1623 does not men- 
tion any grant as made by sir Hugh Montgomery to William 
Catherwood, although he held lands of considerable ex- 
tent in the parish of Donaghadee. On the 1st of October, 
1630, William and Archibald Edmonston, father and son, 
sold to Wiliam Catherwood the towns and lands of Bally- 
vester for 612, and ,9 a year rent, part of the fee-farm 
rent of rent. The Deed recording this purchase was in 
possession of John Catherwood, Esq., in 1813. MS. 
Notes ofj. W. Hanna, Esq. William Catherwood attended 
the funeral of the first viscount Montgomery, in 1636. 
His son, who was styled "laird Catherwood of Bally- 
vester, near Donaghadee," married a daughter of John 
Johnson, of Ballinderry, near Portmore, county of Antrim. 
This lady was a descendant of the Hon. and Rev. Thomas 
Johnston, third son of an earl of Annandale. Johnston, 
Heterogenea, p. 212, Downpatrick, 1803. In a Rental of 
the Mountalexander estate, about the year 1680, the Bally- 
vester property is mentioned as consisting of 360 acres, the 
chief rent of which was ^i 135. A later rent-roll, about 
the year 1700, represents William Catherwood as occupy- 
ing 120 acres of Ballyvester, and Robert Cathenvood 80 
acres. The Will of Luke St Laurence, Esq. , Donagha- 
dee, dated 29th April, 1 763, recites, among other lands, 
that part of Ballyvester which the testator held under 
"Mr. William Cathenvood." In certain Deeds of Agree- 
ment, Partition, &c., between Samuel De la Cherois and 
Nicholas Crommelin of the first part, Richard Parsons of 
the second part, and Robert Carson of the third part, 
1771-1775, "the part or parcel of Ballyvester, formerly 
in the possession of John Catherwood, and now or lately 
in the possession of William Catherwood and his under- 
tenants," is frequently specified. 

3* In Donaghadee parish. The lands given to Scottish 
gentlemen, "in fee-farm, under small chief rents," in the 
parish of Donaghadee, were those of Ballymacwilliam, 
Ballynova, Ballynecrosse, Ballynemoney alias Necabragh, 
Ballycarrowreagh alias Ballynecraghed, Bally necraboy 
alias Ballynecabry, Ballykilcolmucke, Ballyvaster, Bally- 
copland, Ballykillaghy, Ballydrumchay, Ballygrange, Bally- 
butler, Ballyfrenish, Ballyottogee, the two Ballyhayes, 
Carrownathan, Ballyrolly, Ballymacreevey alias Necreevy, 
Ballycoskey, Ballymoney, Ballyaughrea, Ballyenrea, Bally- 
ganevey, Ballykilbracton, Ballydownan, and Carrowdore. 
MS. Montgomery Patent of 2 Car. I, 


some of the town parks, is under fee farm or mortgage), under small chief rents, but did not ascertain 
the tythes to any of them, nor would he put them into the clergy's hands, because he would keep 
his tenants from under any one's power but his own. Besides his Lordship considered that the 
contentions (which too frequently happen) concerning tythes, might breed dislike and aversion 
between the people and Minister; therefore he gave unto the incumbents salaries, with glebes and 
perquisites or book money (as they are commonly called) for marriages, christenings, burials, and 
Easter offerings, the clerk and sexton also had their share of dues; and the people in those days 
resorted to church and submitted to its censures, and paid willingly those small ecclesiastical dues, 
and so were in no hazard of suits in the Ecclesiastical Court, but of their landlord, if he pleased to 
chastise their stubborness or other misbehaviour.35 

There came over also divers wealthy able men, to whom his Lordship gave tenements in free- 
hold, and parks by lease, so they being as it were bound, with their heirs, to the one, they must 
increase the rent for the other, at the end of the term, or quit both, which makes the park lands 
about towns give ten shillings per acre rent now, which at the plantations the tenants had for one 
shilling rent, and these being taken, the tenants had some two, some three, and some four acres, 
for each of which they passed a boll of barley, rent. They built stone houses, and they traded to 
enable them buy land, to France, Flanders, Norway, &c., as they still do. 

Here is to be noted, that Sir Hugh got his estate by townlands,3 6 by reason of his agreement 
with Con O'Neil, whereas other undertakers of plantations in Ulster had several scopes of land 
(called proportions) admeasured to them, each containing one thousand acres, profitable for plough 
and good pasture, mountains and bog not reckoned in the number, but thrown in as an appur- 
tenance.37 In the Queen Elizabeth's reign, y e perch or pole was 24 feet long; Parliament reduced it 

35 Other misbehaviour. Sir Hugh Montgomery brought the quarterland, and twelve the ballybetagh. Sometimes 
with him from Scotland two or three chaplains to minister a smaller division was in use, called the sessiagh. " Of 
to the spiritual wants of his colony. His arrangement for the last named denomination, Dr. Reeves in a note 
their support appears to have been liberal, although tithes observes : "Sessiagh is a different word from seisreach, 
were withheld, and perhaps too much was expected from the but seems to convey the idea of sixth, though in reference 
collection of " small ecclesiastical dues. " Sir Hugh's plan to what standard it is difficult to say. Asa measure it 
may have worked well enough for a time ; but it certainly prevailed in Donegal, Tyrone, Armagh, and was con- 
did not, and could not, long continue to give satis- sidered the third of a ballyboe or plowland. As a town- 
faction to the clergy or people. The former naturally land name it occurs simply or in composition twenty- one 
soon began to regret the impropriation of their tithes, times, and the average contents are 1 70 acres. In a stanza 
whilst the latter, being generally of Scottish birth, looked cited by the Four Masters, at 1031, we find the term 
suspiciously on all 'offerings' as savouring of popery. Seisedhach in the sense of a 'measure'" p. 477, and 
They would willingly give yearly contributions to their note. See also an excellent paper by W. H. Hardinge, 
pastors in the shape of stipend, but not as Easter or other Esq., On Manuscript mapped Townland Surveys in Ireland, 
offerings. These offerings became so oppressive through- of a Ptiblic character, from tJieir introduction to zyd October, 
out Ireland, generally, that in the year 1641 the people 1641. This Paper is printed in the Proceedings of the 
petitioned the Irish Parliament for relief, and some of the Royal Irish Academy, vol. viii., pp. 39-55. 
most objectionable of the exactions were then removed. 37 As an appurtenance. In the forfeited counties of 
See Commons Journals of Ireland, vol. i., pp. 258-262. Ulster, namely, Tyrone, Donegal, Armagh, Fermanagh, 

3 s By Townlands. " On the townland distribution of Cavan, and Coleraine (now Derry), the small sub-divi- 

Ireland, " the reader may see a truly learned and most valu- sions were thrown together __ to form the scope or pro- 

able paper, by the Rev. Dr. Reeves, in the Proceedings of portion intended for each undertaker. The first or largest 

the Royal Irish Academy, vol. vii., pp. 473-490. In proportion consisted of 2,000 acres ; the second of 1,500; 

this paper, the writer states that throughout the county of and the third of looo, each settler being allowed only 

Down, "the prevailing denomination was the ballyboe or one of such lots. One-half of the whole forfeited land 

' cowland,' sometimes called the car ewe, from the Latin in each county was arranged in scopes of 1,000 acres 

carucata, or plowland, which in the Bagenal Patent was each, whilst the other half was laid out in lots of 1,500 

estimated at three score acres. Three of these formed or 2000 acres each, thus securing the greater number 


to 21 feet, y e English perch being but 16 feet 6 inches, but Sir Hugh sett his land by Cunningham 
measure, as the planters were used to have it at home, which is 18 feet 6 inches a perch. 

I desire that this brief account may serve as a sampler of Sir Hugh's ist essay to his plantation, 
for it would be tedious (as it would be impossible for me) to enumerate all the substantial personss 8 
whom he brought or who came to plant in Gray Abbey, Newton, and corner parishes, among whom 
Sir William Edmeston, 7th Laird of the antient honorable family of Duntreth,39 was very consider- 

of small proprietors. To prevent disputes, and the 
evils of favouritism, the lands were drawn by lot; and 
to make allowance for wastes, bogs, and glens, a new 
mode of measurement, since known as the Irish plantation 
measure, was adopted. These lands were all made over 
to the occupiers and their heirs for ever. The undertakers 
of 2,000 acres were to hold of the king in capite, each 
undertaker of this extent being bound within four years to 
build a castle and enclose a strong court-yard called a 
bawn, and to settle upon the lands within three years forty- 
eight able men, or twenty farmers of English or Scottish 
birth. Of these, four were to have fee-farms of 120 
acres each, six to be leaseholders, each occupying a farm 
of loo acres, whilst the remainder of the lands not 
required for a demesne, was to be let to families of 
cottagers, artisans, and labourers. The undertaker of 
1,500 acres, or rooo acres, wasto hold by knight's service, 
and to erect a house and bawn within two years. An 
annual rent from all the lands was reserved to the crown, 
for every sixty English acres, the British undertaker pay- 
ing 6s 8d, the servitor los, and the native chief 135 4d 
per acre. Such as had to incur the expense of re- 
moval from England or Scotland were exempted from 
this charge for the term of two years. All were bound to 
reside on their lands within five years after the date of 
their patents, either personally or by such agents as might 
be approved by the government. The British undertakers 
and servitors were prohibited from alienating their lands to 
the Irish, lest such lands might eventually come into the 
possession of owners who might refuse to be bound by the 
oaths of allegiance and supremacy. The native Irish 
undertakers held by the tenure of free and common soccage, 
and were prohibited from taking exactions or cuttings from 
their tenants in addition to the regular rents. They were 
at the same time required to see that their tenants ceased 
the old custom of creaghting, or wandering in search of 
pasture for their cattle, and conform to the usages of 
civilized life. Harris, Hibernica, or some Antient Pieces 
relating to Ireland, part i., pp. 105-241 ; Scottish Journal 
of Topography, voL i., pp. 107, 1 08. 

3 s A II the substantial per sons. Persons of this class gener- 
ally took out letters of denization soon after they came to 
Ireland, sometimes beforehand. The following received 
such letters of denization in 1617, the majority of them 
having settled on sir Hugh Montgomery's estates, prob- 
ably ten years prior to that date, viz. : John Wyly of 
Ballyhay ; Nynnan Bracklie Newton of Donoghdie ; 
Robert Boyle of Drumfad; John Montgomery of Ballyma- 
crosse ; Robert Harper of Provostoun ; William Cader- 
wood of Ballyfrenzeis; John Barkley of Ballyrolly ; Hector 
Moore of Donan ; William Hunter of Donan ; William 
Moore of Milntowne ; John Thompson of Blackabbey ; 
Charles Domelston of Proveston ; Walter Logane of the 
game; Thomas Nevin of Ballicopland ; William Wymis 

of Newtowne ; William Crawford of Cuningburn ; Andrew 
Agnewe of Carnie ; Gilbert Adare of Ardehine ; Robert 
Wilson of Newtowne ; James Williamson of Clay ; Claud. 
Conyngham of Donoghdie ; James Cathcart of Ballirogane ; 
Patrick Montgomerie of Ballycreboy ; William Cuning- 
hame of Donoghdie ; Robert Montgomery of Donoghdie ; 
William Montgomery of Donoghdie ; John Peacocke of 
Ballidonan ; John Cuningham of Rinchrivie ; Hugh 
Cunyngham of Castlespick ; David Cunyngham of Drum- 
fad ; Patrick Shaw of Balliwalter ; Hugh Montgomery of 
Granshaghe ; John Maxwell of Ballihalbert ; John Mont- 
gomery of the Redene; Michael Craig of the Redene; 
James Cowper of Ballichosta; Thomas Agnew, Grayabbey ; 
Quintene Moore of Aughneill ; Thomas Boyde of Crowners- 
ton ; John Mowlen, of the same ; Patrick Allen of Bally- 
donane ; John Harper, John Fraser, John Moore, James 
McMakene, and John Aickin, all of Donaghdie ; John 
Harper, Ballyhay ; James Maxwell of Gransho ; David 
Boyde, Glasroche ; Uthred M'Dowgall of Ballimaconnell ; 
Thomas Kelso, Ballyhacamore ; David M 'Ilveyne, Balle- 
logan ; William Moore, preacher at Newton ; Thomas 
Harvie of Newton; William Shaw of Ballykilconan ; 
Andrew Sempill of Ballygrenie ; David Anderson of 
Castlecanvarie ; David Kennedy of Gortivillan ; Allen 
Wilson of Newton ; Matthew Montgomery of Donoghdie; 
John Marten of Dunnevilly; Alexander Speire of Gray 
Abbey. Calendar of Pat. Rolls, James I., pp. 326, 339. 
39 Of Duntreth. This William Edmonston was the 
seventh in descent from sir William Edmonston of Cullo- 
den, who married lady Mary Stewart, a daughter of 
Robert III., and obtained, through this connexion, a grant, 
in 1452, of the lordship of Duntreath, in Stirlingshire. 
On the ist of June, 1498, sir Archibald Edmonston, the 
second lord of Duntreath, entered into a contract with 
Hew, lord Montgomerie, by which John, the eldest son 
of the latter, was bound to marry Bessy or Elizabeth Ed- 
monston, eldest daughter of sir Archibald ; and failing 
Bessy, then Katern, and failing Katern, then Helen, 
all bound in succession to marry a son of lord Montgomerie. 
Although such prospective arrangements may appear 
strange to us, they were frequent between powerful families, 
and were required to cement alliances during the stormy 
feudal ages. For several contracts of this nature in the 
Eglinton family, see Eraser's Memorials, vol. ii., pp. 28, 
52, 68, 88. In the instance above mentioned, the parties 
originally intended by the contract were married, but a 
dispensation was required from Rome, probably on the 
ground of relationship between John Montgomerie and 
Bessy Edmonston. The dispensation cost 16 a consi- 
derable sum in the fifteenth century and was negotiated 
through Andrew Haliburton, a Scotch commission mer- 
chant, residing generally at Middleburgh, but carrying on 
business at the Fairs of Berri, Bruges, and Antwerp. 
Cosmo Innes, Scotland in the Middle Ages, p. 245. 



able, both for purse and people, but after some years he sold his interest and settled his family in 
Broad Island, and there built two slated houses, on y e Dalway's estate, 40 near Carrickfergus. 41 

William Edmonston, mentioned in the text, mortgaged 
the Duntreath estate to sir William Livingstone of 
Kilsythe, and invested the money thus raised in the 
purchase of land on the Irish coast. This step he, and 
his brother James, were probably induced to take in 
consequence of the unfortunate political troubles in which 
their father, sir James Edmonston, the sixth laird, had in- 
volved himself, by entering into a conspiracy against the 
liberty of the young king, James VI. , immediately after 
the celebrated Raid of Ruthven. Three of sir James's 
fellow-conspirators, named Douglass, Cunningham, and 
Hamilton, were executed, but he having pleaded guilty, 
and implored the king's mercy, was permitted to live. 
Although he had held the high office of justice-deputy of 
Scotland, sir James never afterwards appeared in public 
life. His sons, William and James, who are described as 
of Dimthriffe (Duntreath), obtained a grant of denization, 
on the 1 8th of August, 1607, Erck's Repertory, &><:., of 
Patent Rolls, p. 346, and soon afterwards appeared in the 
Ards. In Calendar of Patent Rolls of James I., p. 105, 
their Scottish estate is named Dunlhriffe. A grant from 
sir Hugh Montgomery, conveying to William Edmonston 
the lands of Ballybreen or Ballybrian, and part of Bally- 
monestragh, is dated the 25th August, 1607. " The 
Scottish contract," made on that occasion, is stated 
in the Inquisition of 1623, to be " now in the pos- 
session of William Edmonston, Esq., according to an 
order of the Council Table, bearing date the 25th of 
February, 1616." The lands of Ballybrian, parish of 
Greyabbey, were held in 1629 by Archibald Edmonston, 
son of William, and occupied by his undertenants, as 
appears by a grant in that year from the first viscount to 
his son, sir James Montgomery. MS. in the possession of 
Daniel De la Cherois, Esq. These lands, together with the 
two Ballyvesters, In the parish of Donaghadee, had been 
granted, on the 2Oth of July, 1624, by the first viscount 
and his eldest son Hugh, to William Edmonston of Broad 
Island, Isobel his wife, and Archibald his son, in con- 
sideration of a sum of ^"250. On the 1st of Oct., 1630, 
the Edmonstons, father and son, sold the Ballyvester 
property to William Catherwood, for ^612. Note 33, 
supra. The Inquisition of 1623 mentions that William 
Edmonston held considerable tithe property in Lecale, 
in conjunction with Hugh Kessane and Col. David Boyd. 
These several holdings in the county of Down were sold 
from time to time, the owner having permanently settled 
at Broadisland, in the county of Antrim, so early as the 
year 1609. 

40 Dalway's Estate. This estate was not formally 
granted to John Dal way until the 4th of July, 1608. In 
its original dimensions it consisted of the two territories or 
tuoghs of Ballynowre and Braden -Island, together with 
two parcels in Carrickfergus, the latter being bounded by 
premises owned by William Dobbin, Owen M'Edmond 
McGey, John Wills, Tho. Stephenson, Tho. Hibbotts, 
Wiliam Bathe, and Mary Vaughan. The names of the 
towns and lands in Braden-Island were Ballihill, the 
mountain of Arlonewater, Ballymullagh, Killroe, White- 
head, Balleslannan, Ballibantragh, Ballimullaghmoyle, 
Ballyharrington-Savage, Ballyalfrackaman, Ballyisland- 
Ogree, and Clubforde. This property was granted to be 

held for ever at the yearly rent of 6 133 4d., in common 
soccage. Calendar of Patent Rolls, James I., p. 125. 

41 Near Carrickfergus. On the 26th of May, 1609, 
John Dalway of Brayde-Island, esq., granted to William 
Edmonston of Duntrath, in Scotland, esq., the towns, 
lands, fishings, and hereditaments of Leslanan, Whiteheade, 
Holmanstowne, Spearpointstowne, Islandogree, Allfrackyn, 
Readhall, Harington-Savage, Molaghmoyle, and Ballin- 
vantroe, all lying within the towagh or barony of Brayde- 
Island ; and also all other the lands which he had, or of 
right ought to have, within the following limits 2870 
acres at the rate of 160 perches to an acre, and 2\\ feet 
to every perch, viz., from the ford called Cloobford, on the 
south-west part by a bog or marshy ground .to a ford or 
water called Bel tyde- Ford, near the town or village of Bel- 
tyde; thence to a lough called Loughduffe; thence to 
Raven's Rock; thence by Cloghbally-Edward to Lissi- 
nusky, according to the mears between Brayde-Island and 
Magherimorne to Loghlarne, and by the said lough to a 
place called Fort- Alexander ; thence furthertoalittlestream 
dividing Island-Maghie and Brayd-Island to Castle-Chi- 
chester lately built, and so by the south part of the said 
castle to the sea; and so on by the sea-coast to Cloghocrye, 
otherwise the Partition-Trench, which are the bounds be- 
tween the lands of S pearpointstown and the lands of Kilroute 
and Ballymacmurtagh to Island O'Dreyne, and so forward 
upon the south-west side of a small river to a trench or 
ditch to be made and cast up by the lands of John Dobbe and 
Ballyhill, directly to a place whereat a stream coming from 
the bog near Clubbford, fell into the said river running near 
Castle-Dobbe, and so forward by that stream to the said 
bog near Clubbford aforesaid ; the advowson and right of 
patronage of the rectory and vicarage of Templacurran in 
Brayde-Island; with free warren, hawking, hunting, fish- 
ing, and fowling within the premises; reserving to said 
Dalway and his heirs all the tithes and tenths of the 
premises, wrecks of the sea, courts leet and baron, and 
all the lands then in the possession or occupation of the 
said John Dobbe, within Brayde-Island, and all other lands, 
&c. , which the said Dalway had or ought to have within the 
said towagh or barony, which were not herein mentioned to 
be contained within the mears and bounds before expressed; 
also, common of turbary, and free common of pasture 
without number, for all manner of cattle commonable, 
which the said Edmundston, his heirs and their tenants, 
should keep to be going and depasturing together with the 
cattle of the said Dalway and Dobbe in Brayde-Island, in, 
by, and through all that great waste, heath, or common of 
Brayde-Island, lying toward the W. and N. W. of Lough- 
morne and Beltyde, and all other the lands in Brayde- 
Island; except the lands of John Dobbe, and 400 acres 
which the said Dalway intended to lay to his manor 
house of Dalway, and all such lands as he had formerly 
granted to sir Arthur Chichester, knt., lord-deputy of 
Ireland To hold to the said Edmondston, and his heirs, 
by fealty, suit of the said manor-court, and a rent of 
160 95. 4d. sterling, at the parish church of St. Nicholas 
of Carrickfergus, with a herriot upon the death of every 
freeholder or principal tenant, viz. , the best beast or $ 
English in lieu thereof, at the election of the heir of each 
freeholder, and to attend said Dalway with five horsemen 


Therefore let us now pause a while, and we shall wonder how this plantation advanced itself 
(especially in and about the towns of Donaghadee and Newton), considering that in the spring 
time, Ao. 1606, those parishes were now more wasted than America'' 2 (when the Spaniards landed 
there), but were not at all incumbered with great woods to be felled and grubbed, to {he discourage- 
ment or hindrance of the inhabitants, for in all those three parishes aforesaid, 30 cabins could not 
be found, nor any stone walls, but ruined roofless churches, and a few vaults at Gray Abbey, and 
a stump of an old castle in Newton, in each of which some Gentlemen sheltered themselves at their 
first coming over. 

when necessary. Calendar of Patent Rolls of James 1., 
p. 278. The Ballymena estate was at first held jointly 
between William Edmondston and William . Adair. 
William Edmondston died on the I2th or I3th of Septem- 
ber, 1 626. His wife, Isobel, survived until the 1 3th of March, 
1638. Ulster Inquisitions, Antrim (3, 131), Car. I. On 
her death, his son Archibald came into full possession, and 
sold as much of the Red-hall estate as was required to free 
Duntreath from the mortgage held against it by the Living- 
stones. This eighth laird represented Stirlingshire in the 
Scottish parliament which met at Edinburgh in the year 
1633, and was also a prominent actor in the political and 
religious affairs of Ulster. He died in 1636, leaving two 
sons, William, who was twelve years of age at the time 
of his father's death, and Archibald. William, the 
elder of these sons, being a deaf mute, did not succeed 
to the property, but he bore the Scottish title, and was 
well known in his life-time as the "dumb laird of 
Duntreath." The following story was told of his boy- 
hood in the vicinity of Duntreath castle. Having dis- 
covered that he was frequently overlooked by the other 
members of the family on account of his "inability to 
communicate, and being in particular left at home when 
the rest went to church, he was found one day, on the 
family returning from worship, sitting among the horses 
in the stable. When his mother let him know that this 
conduct excited surprise, he imparted to her, by such 
means as were at his command, that seeing himself treated 
as if he were something less than a human being, he had 
thought it only right and proper that he should place him- 
self in the society of the animals, who had the same de- 
ficiency as himself. The reproach was felt, and he was 
thenceforth treated more on a footing of equality, and 
allowed to go to church with the rest of the family." There 
is a portrait of the deaf and dumb laird still preserved at 
Colzium House, the seat of the Edmonstons of Duntreath, 
and this portrait is described as presenting an aspect of 
intelligence much beyond what one, subject to so great a 
deprivation, could have been supposed to possess. His 
family were rigidly devoted Presbyterians, and among the 
good people of that persuasion he got the character of 
being pre-eminently pious, some even going so far as to 
allege that he possessed the gift of clairvoyance or second- 
sight. For several ridiculous illustrations of his second- 
sight, see the Rev. Robert Law's Memorable Things, from 
1638 to 1684, as quoted by Chambers, in his Domestic 
Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., pp. 384, 385. 

** More -wasted than America. This state of desolation 
was the result, in a great measure, of Mountjoy's ruthless 
policy, as carried out against the natives by Chichester 
and his officers, especially in the county of Down. The 

following extract from Fynes Moryson's Itinerary, is 
an awful record of the condition to which the hapless 
natives were reduced: "Now because I haue often 
made mention formerly of our destroying the Rebels 
Come, and vsing al meanes to famish them, let me by 
two or three examples show the miserable estate to which 
the Rebels were thereby brought. Sir Arthur Chichester, 
Sir Richard Moryson, and the other Commanders of the 
Forces, sent against Bryan Mac Art aforesaid, in 
their returne homeward, saw a most horrible spectacle 
of three children (whereof the eldest was not aboue ten 
yeeres old), all eating and knawing with their teeth the 
entrals of their dead mother, vpon whose flesh they had 
fed twenty dayes past, and hauing eaten all from the 
feete upward to the bare bones, resting it continually by 
a slow fire, were now come to the eating of her said en- 
trails in like sort roasted, yet not diuided from the body, 
being as yet raw. . . . Captaine Treuor and many 
honest Gentlemen lying in the Newry can witnes, that 
some old women of those parts, vsed to make a fier in the 
fields, and diuers little children drilling out the cattel in 
the cold mornings, and comming thither to warme them, 
were by them surprised, killed and eaten, which at last was 
discovered by a great girle breaking from them by strength 
of her body, and Captaine Treuor sending out souldiers to 
know the truth, they found the childrens skulles and 
bones, and apprehended the old women, who were exe- 
cuted for the fact. The Captaines of Carrickfergus, and the 
adjacent Garrisons of the Northerne parts can witnesse 
that vpon the making of peace, and receiuing the rebels 
to mercy, it was a common practise among the common 
sort of them (I meane such as were not Sword-men), to 
thrust long needles into the horses of our English troopes, 
and they dying thereupon, to bee readie to teare out one 
anothers throate for a share of them. And no spectacle 
was more frequent in the Ditches of Townes, and espe- 
ciallie in wasted Countries, then to see multitudes of 
these poore people dead with their mouthes all coloured 
greene by eating nettles, docks, and all things they could 
rend vp aboue ground." Part ii., book 3, chap. I 
(p. 271). 

*3 Coming cn<er. The author's words implies an extent 
of desolation seldom produced even by the dire agencies of 
war. The destruction of all religious houses in the district 
was the work of sir Brian MacFelim O'Neill, who with the 
connivance of the English, had usurped the chieftainship 
of both Upper and Lower Clannaboy, when his uncle, sir 
Con, and his elder brother, Hugh, were prisoners in Dub- 
lin Castle. Brian's allegiance was always doubtful, but 
he suddenly assumed a hostile attitude on hearing that the 
queen had made a grant of the Ards, to sir Thomas Smith, 



But Sir Hugh in the said spring brought with him divers artificers, as smiths, masons, carpenters, 
&c. I knew many of them old men when I was a boy at school, and had little employments for 
some of them, and heard them tell many things of this plantation which I found true.** They soon 
made cottages and booths for themselves, because sods and saplins of ashes, alders, and birch trees 
(above 30 years old) with rushes for thatch, and bushes for wattles, were at hand. 4 s And also they 
made a shelter of the said stump of the castle for Sir Hugh, whose residence was mostlie there, as 

His letters of remonstrance against this apparently unex- 
pected injustice are still preserved, and clearly indicate the 
writer's characteristic vigour and intelligence. On the 
6th of March, 1572, he wrote from Belfast to the lord 
Deputy, informing him that the grant to the Smiths, father 
and son, had been actually made, and expressing his con- 
viction that Elizabeth could not have thus given away his 
lands, had she been made aware of his (the writer's) 
sacrifices in her service. Knowing that the deputy was 
opposed to Smith's grant, sir Brian concluded his letter, 
which was written in Latin, by boldly announcing that her 
majesty's act must be cancelled. * A few days subsequently 
he wrote to the queen ^ Carrigfergusia, remonstrating against 
granting his lands to Smith, and stating that the Ards 
belonged to his ancestors during more than fourteen descents. 
This letter is also written in Latin, and signed Bernardus 
O Nelefilius Philimei. On the 27th March, he addressed 
himself to the Council in plain English, from Knock- 
fergus, stating, among other matters, that "there have been 
certaine bookes spred in print, that it hath pleased the 
queen's highnes to geve unto sir Thomas Smith, knight, 
and Thomas Smith, his sone, some part of the countrie, 
the which hath bene possessed by myne ancestours above 
fourteene discents, as their inheritance, namelye Clande- 
boye." Hamilton's Calendar of State Papers, vol. i. , pp. 
467, 469. O'Neill evidently uses the term Clandeboye 
as including the Great Ardes, which it did at that period, 
and he reckons, probably, from the time of the conquests 
made in Down and Antrim by his ancestor, Hugh Boy I. 
The "bookes spred in print" to which he refers were 
several Broadsides issued in connection with Smith's project, 
one of which bore the following title : " The Offer and 
Order given forth by Sir T. S., and T. S., his son, in 
his voyage for inhabiting some parts of the North of 
Ireland. The payment to begin four years hence 1750. 
God save the Queen," Ulster Journal of Arc haology, vol. 
iii. , p. 45. These remonstrances on the part of Sir Brian, 
and also the suggestions of the queen's agents in Ulster, 
were alike unheeded, as her majesty had set her heart on 
the colonisation of the Ards by the Smiths. Then came 
the revolt of O'Neill, during the progress of which 
that chieftain literally swept the country with fire and 
sword, burning the abbeys of Bangor, Movilla, and Com- 
ber, together with all other structures which might be 
made available as garrisons for the English, and complet- 
ing his desolating raid by laying the town of Carrickfergus in 
ashes. The abbeys and other houses then destroyed were 
never afterwards repaired, and when sir Hugh Montgomery 
and his colonists arrived, only the walls remained, which, 
in most instances, soon afterwards disappeared. In 1573, 
the earl of Essex was appointed governor of Ulster, and, 
among other cruel and treacherous acts which rendered his 
government not only a failure but an infamy in history, 
was the assassination of sir Brian MacFelim O'Neill, 

whom the English had originally brought out in opposi- 
tion to the interests of his own family and race. The 
following account of his seizure and execution is recorded 
in the Annals of Ireland under the year 1574 : "Peace, 
sociality, and friendship, were established between Brian 
the son of Felim Bacagh O'Neill, and the Earl of Essex ; 
and a feast was afterwards prepared by Brian, to which 
the Lord Justice and the chiefs of his people were invited; 
and they passed three nights and days together pleasantly 
and cheerfully. At the expiration of this time, however, 
as they were agreeably drinking and making merry, 
Brian, his brother, and his wife, were seized upon by the 
Earl, and all his people put unsparingly to the sword, men, 
women, youths, and maidens, in Brian's own presence. 
Brian was afterwards sent to Dublin, together with his wife 
and brother, where they were cut in quarters. Such was the 
end of their feast. This unexpected massacre, this wicked 
and treacherous murder, of the lord of the race of Hugh 
Boy O'Neill, the head and the senior of the race of 
Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and of all the 
Gaels, a few only excepted, was a sufficient cause of hatred 
and disgust to the Irish." After the death of sir Brian 
MacFelim, the Ards had a short interval of rest, during 
which some English fanners settled therein ; but their 
small beginnings of prosperity were in turn swept away by 
the rebellion of Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone. The 
old castle at Newton, of which only the "stump" remained, 
originally belonged to the O'Neills, and occupied the site 
now known as the Castle Gardens. The reader may find 
much interesting matter in reference to Essex's move- 
ments in Ulster by consulting Devereux's Lives aud 
Letters of the Devereux, Earls of Essex, 2 vols., 8vo, 


44 / found true. These conversations between the 
author and the old men who had come to settle at Newton 
in 1606, occurred between 1644 and 1650. See p. 2, 
note 4, supra. 

43 Were at hand- On the forfeited lands of Ulster, 
the tenant settlers often built their first dwellings in similar 
fashion. The houses in Belturbet were built of cage-work, 
large trees being, no doubt, used to make the frames, 
and the underwood for wattles to fill up the spaces 
between. Harris, Hibernica, p. 150. In this important 
matter of hastily constructing their first abodes, the settlers 
in the Ards and elsewhere took a lesson from the native 
Irish inhabitants. The dwellings of the latter, everywhere 
throughout Ulster, were then made of wattles, covered 
with sods, which they could easily remove and erect again, 
as they wandered from place to place in following their 
herds of cattle, with their wives and children, and seeking 
"fresh fields and pastures new," as their exigencies re- 
quired. The aggregate of families thus following one herd 
of cattle was called a creaghl. Fynes Moryson, Itinerary, 
p. 164; and Spenser's State of Ireland, p. 35, as quoted 



in the centre of being supplied with necessaries from Belfast (but six miles thence), who therefore 
came and set up a market in Newtown, for profit for both the towns. As likewise in the fair summer 
season (twice, sometimes thrice every week) they were supplied from Scotland, as Donaghadee was 
oftener, because but three hours sail from Portpatrick, where they bespoke provisions and necessaries 
to lade in, to be brought over by their own or that town's boats whenever wind and weather served 
them, for there was a constant flux of passengers coming daily over. 

I have heard honest old men say that in June, July, and August, 1607, people came from 
Stanraer, four miles, and left their horses at the port, hired horses at Donaghadee, came with their 
wares and provisions to Newton, and sold them, dined there, staid two or three hours, and returned 
to their houses the same day by bed-time, their land journey but 20 miles. Such was their en- 
couragement from a ready market, and their kind desires to see and supply their friends and 
kindred, which commerce took quite away the evil report of wolves and woodkerns, which envyers 
of planters' industry had raised and brought upon our plantations; but, notwithstanding thereof, by 
the aforesaid Gentlemen's assiduity to people their own farms, which they did, Ao. 1607, after Sir 
Hugh and his Lady's example, they both being active and intent on the "work (as birds, after payr- 

in the Journal of the Kilkenny and South-east of 
Ireland Archaeological Society, vol. iii., p. 423. 

& Upon our plantations. These startling rumours were 
not without foundation, and could not be traced exclusively 
to "the envyers of planters' industry." The Cethern 
Coille, or 'Wood-Kern, 'constituted one of Ireland's direst 
evils, from an early period down to the close of the seven- 
teenth century, when the extensive woods and forests had 
generalry disappeared. Multitudes of the natives who were 
driven from their habitations by the Anglo-Norman in- 
vaders took refuge in the woods, from which they preyed 
upon the herds and flocks of their conquerors. Strongbow 
in the east, De Courcy in the north, De Burgh in the west, 
Fitzstephen and De Cogan in the south, and DeLacy in 
the central plains of Ireland, were more or less surrounded 
.and circumvented by the Cethern Coille. So early as 
1297 the English settlers endeavoured to grapple with the 
evil by the enactment of a law against wood-kern. One 
passage in this Act recites that the Irish assume a bold- 
ness in their offences, by reason of the confidence they gain 
from the density of the woods, and the depth of the adja- 
cent morasses ; that the king's highways are often ob- 
structed by the rapid growth of the trees, so that the 
wood-kern cannot be overtaken, and therefore it was 
ordained that all lords of the woods and their tenants 
should be compelled to keep the ancient passes clear, by 
the removal of the growing trees and fallen timber. The 
woods being thus such convenient and impregnable hid- 
ing-places for such as had lost their inheritance in the 
plains, the clearing of the country hence became an im- 
portant work with the English settlers of the Pale. In a 
description of Ireland written in the time of Elizabeth, it 
is stated that " there was then a great plenty of woods, 
except in Leinster, where, heretofore, for their great incon- 
veniences, finding them to be ready hives to harbour Irish 
rebells, they have been cut downe, so that nowe they are 
enforced in those parts, for want of fewel, to burne turves. " 
See Paper by the late Mr. Hore in Journal of the Kilkenny 
and South-east of Ireland Archaeological Society, new series, 
vol. ii. , pp. 23 1 -33. But when the planters came to Ulster 

in the seventeenth century, they found the woods and 
morasses here in great abundance, and infested not only 
by the regular wood-kern but a large number of native 
soldiers who had served under Hugh O'Neill. In the au- 
thor's Narrative of Gransheogh, which will be printed in its 
proper place, he tells of the massacre by wood-kern, of 
John Montgomery of Gransheogh, together with all his 
family, excepting the eldest son. This settler was cousin 
to sir Hugh Montgomery, and, prior to his settlement on 
the coast of Down, had married a wealthy heiress belong- 
ing to one of the numerous influential families of the 
Stewarts in Scotland. His reputed wealth was supposed 
to be the fatal cause of his murder, but it is quite as pro- 
bable that the wood-kern who perpetrated the deed had 
been previously occupiers of the lands on which he had 
lucklessly settled. In Blennerhassett's Direction for the 
Plantation in Ulster, published in 1610, as quoted by 
Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church, vol. L p. 
80, it is stated that " sir Toby Caulfield's people (county 
of Armagh) are driven every night to lay up all his cattle, 
as it were inward, and do he and his what they can, 
the wolfe and the wood-kerne, within culiver shot of 
his fort, have oftentimes a share." In Adair's True 
Narrative of the Rise and Progress of the Presbyterian 
Church in Ireland, Edited by the Rev. Dr. Kitten, it 
is stated at p. 9, that "the wolf and wood -kern were 
greatest enemies to the first planters, but the long-rested 
land did yield to the labourers such plentiful increase 
that many followed these first essayers." See also 
Pynnar's Survey of Ulster, in Harris's Hibernica, p. 228. 
The wood-kern always found an asylum among the creaghts 
referred to in the preceding note. These communities, 
therefore, soon became suspected by the government, 
and stringent measures were enacted for their disper- 
sion, and even for the punishment of such Irish tenants 
as lived outside, or at a distance from towns and 
villages, and who, it was alleged, connived with the 
wood-kern. See Journal of the Kilkenny and South-east 
of Ireland Archaeological Society, old series, voL iii., 
pp. 427, 428. 



ing to make nests for their brood), then you might see streets and tenements regularly set out, and 
houses rising as it were out of the ground (like Cadmus's colony) on a sudden, so that these dwell- 
ings became towns immediately. 4 ? 

Yet among all this care and indefatigable industry for their families, a place of God's honor tQ 
dwell in was not forgotten nor neglected, for indeed our forefathers were more pious than ourselves, 
and so soon as said stump of the old castle was so repaired, (as it was in spring time, 1606,) as 
might be shelter for that year's summer and harvest, for Sir Hugh and for his servants that winter, 
his piety made some good store of provisions in those fair seasons, towards roofing and fitting the 
chancel of that church, for the worship of God;* 8 and therein he needed notwithdraw his own planters 
from working for themselves, because there were Irish Gibeonets 4 ? and Garrons enough in his woods 
to hew and draw timber for the sanctuary ; and the general free contribution of the planters, some 
with money, others with handycrafts, and many with labouring, was so great and willingly given, that 
the next year after this, viz. Ao. 1607, before winter it was made decently serviceable, and Sir Hugh 
had brought over at first two or three Chaplains 50 with him for these parishes. In summer 1608, some 

*> Towns immediately. The settlers had all the 
materials for building amply supplied to them in the 
Ards, with the one exception of lime which could not be 
had nearer than Belfast, or in the vicinity of Lisburn. 
They had quarries of the best common building stone in 
every parish, inexhaustible stores of freestone at Scrabo, 
and timber of the largest size and in enormous quantities 
on the four townlands in Slut Neills, which had been 
secured by purchase from Con O'Neill, for the use of sir 
Hugh Montgomery's tenants. Slate quarries were opened 
at various times, and, in some instances, from an early 
period, at Greyabbey, Bangor, Ballywalter, and Bally- 
dunlady in Castlereagh. Of the town of Newtownards, 
Harris observes, at p. 59, of his Antient and Present 
State of the County of Down, " that it is well paved, and 
has many neat houses in it, on the front of several of 
which are the dates and names of the builders cut in 
stone. There is a humorous, perhaps a modest inscription 
over the door of one of them, we know not by whom 
erected, which runs thus : Not by my merit, that I 
inherit." Nearly all the houses of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, having dates and names, have disappeared. In 
Mill Street, there is a one storey house having the inscrip- 
tion "J. M. E. N. 1686." In North Street is a house 
with the following : " Built by John Mcullough, 1690." 

48 For the worship of God. The settlers who came to 
the county of Down with sir Hugh Montgomery and sir 
James Hamilton were probably of a better and more 
respectable class than those who generally occupied 
the escheated counties of Ulster. Andrew Stewart's 
description of the English and Scottish settlers generally 
is not flattering: "From Scotland," says he, "came 
many, and from England not a few, yet all of them gener- 
ally the scum of both nations, who, for debt, or breaking 
and fleeing from justice, or seeking shelter, came hither, 
hoping to be without fear of man's justice in a land where 
there was nothing, or but little, as yet, of the fear of God. 
And in a few years, there flocked such a multitude of 
people from Scotland that these northern counties of 
Down, Antrim, Londonderry, &c., were in a good 

measure planted, which had been waste before ; yet most 
of the people, as I said before, made up a body (and, 
it's strange, of different names, nations, dialects, tempers, 
breeding, and, in a word, all void of godliness), who 
seemed rather to flee from God in this enterprise than 
to follow their own mercy. Yet God followed them 
when they fled from him albeit, at first it must be re- 
membered that they cared little for any church." Stew- 
art's History, as published with Adair's Narrative^ pp. 

3 J 3. 3H. 

4 9 Irish Gibeonets. This allusion shows pretty clearly 
the estimate in which these settlers held the native Irish 
inhabitants. The actual name Gibeonites is only once 
applied to the people of Gibeon 2 Sam. xxi. I 9, Au- 
thorised Version of the Bible. They were Gibeonites, but by 
race Hivites, who by a stratagem obtained the protection 
of the Israelites, and, on discovery of the stratagem, were 
condemned to be perpetual bondsmen, hewers of wood 
and drawers of water, for the congregation, and for the 
house of God and altar of Jehovah. (Joshua, ix., 17, 
23, 27. ) Saul violated the covenant made with this miser- 
able people, and in a fit of enthusiasm, or patriotism, slew 
some of them, and planned the general massacre of the 
rest (2 Sam. xxi., I, 2, 5.) This treachery was ex- 
piated many years after, by the Israelites giving up seven 
men of Saul's descendants to the Gibeonites, who hung 
them, or crucified them, "before Jehovah," as a kind of 
sacrifice in Gibeah, Saul's own town. (Verses 4, 6, 9.) 
At the time of the writing of this scriptural narrative, the 
Gibeonites had become so identified with the Israelites 
that the historian inserts at verse 2, a note explanatory of 
their origin and their non-Israelitish extraction. See 
Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, voce Gibeonites. 

5 Three chaplains. Two of these chaplains were pro- 
bably David M 'Gill and James Montgomery, whose names 
are afterwards introduced. A Mr. David Maxill of Gray- 
abbey is mentioned in the grant of 1629 from the first 
viscount to sir James Montgomery ; he probably came as 
a chaplain at the commencement of the plantation, or soon 



of the priory walls 51 were roofed and fitted for his Lady and children and servants (which were many) 
to live in. 

Now the harvests 1606 and 1607 had stocked the people with grain, for the lands were never 
naturally so productive since that time, except where no plough had gone, and where sea oars 2 (called 
wreck) is employed for dung, to that degree that they had to sparesa and to sell to the succeeding 
new coming planters, who came over the more in number and the faster, because they might sell 
their own grain at a great price in Scotland, and be freed of trouble to bring it with them, and could 

s 1 Priory walls. This priory, the walls of which were 
thus made available for the construction of a private 
residence, was originally a Dominican house. It "is 
styled by De Burgo 'Coenobium Sancti Columbse,' and 
its foundation ascribed to Walter de Burgo, A.D. 1244." 
Reeves, in Ulster Journal of Archaeology, vol. ii., p. 55, 
note; see also Reeves, Ecdes. Antiquities t p. 13; and 
Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum, p. 127. Harris says: 
" A convent of Dominican Friars was settled here in 
the year 1244, by the Savages (as it is said), in which 
Chapters of the Order were held in 1298 and 1312." 
State of the County of Down, p. 56. 

s 2 Sea oar. Sea-oar appears in Johnson's Dictionary as 
Oreweed or Orewood, which is explained ' ' a weed either 
growing upon the rocks under high watermark, or broken 
from the bottom of the sea by rough weather, and cast 
upon the coast by the wind and flood. " In the county of 
Dublin the sea weed which the people gather for manure 
is called by them Woar, which is the old English name. 
In Scotland, it is wraic ; in the Channel Islands, vraic ; 
and in France, varech. So important is this product con- 
sidered as a manure that a proverb among the inhabitants 
of Guernsey is point de vraic, point de hantgard, ' No 
sea- weed, no corn stacks. ' The reader may see an inte- 
resting account of sea-oar, and its uses, in Cirthbert Bede's 
Glencreggan, or, A Highland Home in Cantire, vol. ii., pp. 
100, 156, 158, 159, 160, 162, 164. Sea oar was employed 
almost exclusively in the Ards for the manufacture of kelp. 
"This vegetable," says Harris, "is too precious to be 
used much as a manure; for they turn it to a better 
account by burning it into kelp, which they do in such 
great quantities, that they not only supply the linen 
manufacturers in this and the neighbouring counties, but 
export it in abundance for the use of the glass-houses in 
Dublin and Bristol, as appears from the Custom-house 
books of Portaferry." State of the County of Down, p. 
43. The people of the Little Ards, especially, have an 
abundant supply of this very useful material, not only from 
the eastern shore, but also from the numerous islands of 
Strangford lough. In sales of property, and sub-letting 
of lands in the Ards, this production has its special 
mention as an important element in the value of such 
properties and farms. The Rosemount deed of sale in 
1719 specifies " all kelp, wreck, and sea- weed growing or 
being, or that shall hereafter grow or be, on the said 
manor, towns, lands, rocks, and premises, or on the 
coasts or shores thereof, or that belong, or are reputed to 
belong, to the same. " 

53 They had to spare. This superabundance of food in 
the young colony, whilst it attracted additional settlers, 
became a source of supply to the parent country. There 
soon commenced with the Scottish coast a trade in 

grain, which occasionally supplied the inhabitants of 
Argyle, Galloway, and even Ayrshire, at a cheaper rate 
than they could grow it for themselves. To meet this 
difficulty, Scottish statesmen devised no other remedy than 
Protection Acts, prohibiting the importation of agri- 
cultural produce, especially from Ireland. By an Act 
passed in 1672, it was forbidden to import meal from Ire- 
land, while the price in Scotland remained below a certain 
rate. But this and former Acts having the same object 
were often rendered futile by the necessities of Scotch con- 
sumers and the determination of traders to benefit by sup- 
plying the demand. In the April of 1695, the Scottish 
council determined to enforce the law by issuing an order 
for staving the grain brought in two vessels from Carrick- 
fergus, and for handing over the vessels themselves to sir 
Duncan Campbell of Auchinbreck, who had seized them on 
their way to a Scottish port. It so happened, however, 
that the crop of that very summer was stricken in one 
night by an easterly fog, and the price of victual in the 
western shires suddenly rose much beyond the impor- 
tation rate fixed by the sages of the Scottish Privy 
Council. The latter then issued one of their numerous 
orders, to the effect that in consequence of the " scarcity" 
and "distress," they would permit the importation of 
meal, but of no other grain, from Ireland, " to any 
port between the mouth of Annan and the head of 
Kintyre," from the 3rd of December until the first of 
February. Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. 
iii. p. 137. The trade in Meal, however, continued to be 
extensively carried on, until the year I73i when a very 
stringent measure was enacted against the Importation of 
Irish Victual, and a Mr. Alexander of Blackhouse, in 
the Mearns, was appointed to collect fines from all illicit 
traders in Irish meal. The following are the names 
of certain traders who surrendered, but there were many 
others whom the law could not, or did not, prevent from 
continuing the traffic : " Ane list of persons names trad- 
ing to Irland ffor victuall these two years bygonne, and 
who componed with Blackhouse and his deputts : George 
Dennie, John Speir, Arthure Park, James Scott, John 
Nevin, John Simsone in the Harbrayhead, John M'Eun 
alias young laird, William M 'Eun called meikle, John 
M'Eun his sone, John Morisone, James Simsone, William 
M'Eun Maich, John Simsone Carshogale, James 
M'Eun, John Morisone Levan, Edward Mudie there, 
Robert Wardan, Alexander Kerr, John Young, John 
Craswell, John Wardan, John Hyndman miller in Inver- 
kipe, Morisone in Inverkipe, Muire in Portoferrie, 
John Craufoord, John Alexander called ghosop, John 
Hunter, Matthew ffrew in Kilwinning and his partners, 
Duncan Campbell in Grinok, John Campbell there, 
M'leish in Irvine, John Gay in Newaik, millar in fferry- 


have it cheaper here. This conference gave occasion to Sir Hugh's Lady to build watermillss* in all 
the parishes, to the great advantage of her house, which was numerous in servants, of whom she 
stood in need, in working about her gardens, carriages, &c., having then no duty days' works from 
tenants, or very few as exacted, they being sufficiently employed in their proper labour and the ' 
publique. The millers also prevented the necessity of bringing meal from Scotland, and grinding 
with quairn stonesss (as the Irish did to make their graddon) both which inconveniencys the people, 
at their first coming, were forced to undergo. 

milne. All the above-named persons and a greate many 
more, who live in Renfrew, Glasgow, Air, and several 
other places, have traded to Irland these two years by- 
gonne, since the date of Alexander of Blackhouse's com- 
missione, and have payed compesitions to the said Black- 
house or his deputts." Paterson, Account of the Parishes 
and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i. p. 144. 

54 Water mills. From this statement it is evident that 
the use of water-mills was unknown in the vicinity of 
Newtown at the commencement of the seventeenth 
century, although the author in his general Description of 
the Ards, printed at the end of his Memoirs, states that 
the Danish or Ladle mill was then in common use in such 
localities throughout the two baronies as afforded the 
necessary facilities for their erection. The Danish was an 
approach to the regular water-mill, and from it the latter, 
probably, with all its modern improvements, gradually 
arose. The first corn mill driven by water is supposed 
to have been invented and set to work by Mithridates, 
king of Cappadocia, about seventy years prior to the com- 
mencement of the Christian era. Curiously indeed, " that 
coincident with the time of the inventor, as mentioned by 
Strabo, is the date of a Greek epigram on water-mills, by 
Antipater, a poet of Asia Minor, who lived about eighty 
years before Christ." This epigram has been translated 
as follows : 

" Ye maids who toil'd so faithful at the mill, 

Now cease from work, and from these toils be still ; 

Sleep now till dawn, and let the birds with glee 

Sing to the ruddy morn on bush and tree ; 

For what your hands perform'd so long, so true, 

Ceres has charg'd tlie water-nyinpfis to do : 

They come, the limpid sisters, to her call, 

And on the wheel with dashing fury fall ; 

Impel the axle with a whirling sound, 

And make the massy mill-stone reel around, 

And bring the floury heaps luxuriant to the ground." 

It is certain that mills driven by water were kn6Vn 
in Ireland at a very early period, and appear to 
have been at least as generally used in ancient as in 
modern times. Irish authorities, and with them Irish 
traditions, are unanimous in representing that the first 
water-mill ever known in Ireland was introduced by 
Cormac MacArt, who reigned during a part of the third 
century, and that the good king brought his millwright 
from Scotland. The Annals of Tighernach state that 
Maelodrain's yl////was the scene, in 651, of the slaughter, 
by the Lagenians, of Donchad and Conall, the two sons 
of Blathmac, king of Ireland, son of Hugh Slaine. 
Under the year 998, the Four Masters record the fall of 
a remarkable stone known as the Lia-Ailbhe, which stood 
on the plain of Moynalvy in Meath, and add that the king 
Maelsechlainn made four mill-stones of it. The ancient 
Brehon Laws contain frequent references to water-mills. 

Irish charters preserved in the Book of Kells mention 
in grants of lands made to that monastery, so early as th e 
middle of the eleventh century, the mill as the common 
appendage to a ballybetagh, when the place was favourable 
to its erection, a statement curiously corroborated by the 
author of the Montgomery Manuscripts in his Description 
of Ards, who says that a Danish mill was to be found in 
almost every townland, having, of course, the necessary 
accommodations of site and water. In the charter of lands 
granted to the monastery of Newry, by king Muirchear- 
tach or Murtough Mac-Loughlin, there is also ample evi- 
dence of the existence of a mill in that district in 1161. 
Abridged from Memoir of the City and North- Western 
Liberties of Londonderry, pp. 215, 216; See also Reeves's 
Adamnarfs Life of St. Columba, p. 362 ; Senchus Mor, 
vol. i., pp. 125, 141, 163, 167, 185, 189. 

55 Quairn stones. The Irish name for the quern is 
bro, but the term generally used is lamh-bro, 'hand- 
mill.' Although of very great antiquity, the quern is 
in use throughout some districts of Ireland at the pre- 
sent day. "It was also used," says the late Dr. 
O' Donovan, "to a late period in the Highlands of Scot- 
land, though prohibited by the law of Scotland as far back 
as the reign of Alexander III., in the year 1284, when 
it was enacted That na man shall presume to grind quheit, 
maisloch, or rye, with handmylnes, except he be compelled 
by storms, and be in lack of mylnes quhilk should grind the 
samen. We know of no law ever having been passed against 
it in Ireland. We often ground wheat with it ourselves. 
We first used to dry the wheat on the bottom of a pot, grind 
in a hurry, and then eat the meal mixed with new milk. " 
See O'Daly's Tribes of Ireland, p. 83, note. The most 
primitive variety of quern is that, says Sir W. R. Wilde, 
"in which the upper and lower stone are simply circular 
discs, from twelve to twenty inches across ; the upper ro- 
tating on the lower by means of a wooden handle, or 
sometimes two, inserted into the top, and 'fed' or supplied 
with corn by an aperture in the centre, analogous to the 
hopper, and which maybe termed the 'grain-hole' or eye. 
The meal, in this case, passed out between the margins 
of the stones to a cloth spread on the floor to receive it. 
The upper stones are usually concave, and the lower con- 
vex, so as to prevent their sliding off, and also to give a 
fall to the meal. The second variety is usually called a 
Pot-quern, and has a lip or margin in the lower stone, 
which- encircles or overlaps the upper, the meal passing 
down through a hole in the side of the former. Most of 
this variety are of a smaller size than the foregoing, 
which is evidently the more ancient and the simpler form, 
as well as that which presents us with the greatest 
diversity. The upper stone was turned by a wooden 
handle sometimes by two or, in some of the larger 

6 4 


Her Ladyship had also her farms at Greyabbey and Coiner,* 6 as well as at Newtown, both to 
supply new-comers and her house; and she easily got men for plough and barn, for many came over 
who had not stocks to plant and take leases of land, but had brought a cow or two and a few sheep, 
for which she gave them grass and so much grain per annum, and an house and garden-plot to live on, 
and some land for flax and potatoes,*/ as they agreed on for doing their work, and there be at this 
day many such poor labourers amongst us; and this was but part of her good management, for she 

specimens, by a lever placed nearly horizontal ; or 
it was occasionally worked by a wooden lid or cover, 
with projecting arms to which ropes were attached, 
or a small animal might be harnessed. Generally speak- 
ing, however, 'two women sat grinding at the mill,' whch 
was placed upon the ground between them ; with one hand 
they turned the top-stone by means of the handle, either 
held by both together, or passed from one to the other ; 
and with the other hand they poured the grain into the 
eye or hopper. The lower stone is generally perforated 
for a pivot, or spudj usually of wood, but sometimes of 
iron, which passed into the aperture of the upper stone, 
where it was supported upon a cross-stick, or piece of iron; 
and by the application of leathern washers between the 
pivot and the socket in which it worked, the distance be- 
tween the stones could be increased, and so the meal 
ground coarse or fine as required." Descriptive Catalogue 
of Antiquities of Stone, Earthen, and Vegetable Materials 
in the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy, p. 105. 

5 6 Coiner. Coiner is a misprint for Comer, the form in 
which this name appears in the author's Description of the 
Ards. " The name is variously written Comar, Comer, 
Cumber ; from comar, a confluence. It is frequently 
applied, in Ireland, to places situate at the junction of 
rivers, either with rivers, or with large sheets of 
water. In the present instance it belongs to the 
townland where the river Enler enters Strangford Lough, 
and as the church stood on it, the name is borrowed 
for the whole parish. Muckamore, in the county 
of Antrim, derives its name from Magh-comuir ' the 
plain of the confluence,' being the angle formed by 
the junction of the Six-Mile-Water with Lough Neagh. 
The townland Ballentine, in the parish of Blaris, was 
formerly called Down-cumber, because of its situation at 
the union of Raveniet river with the Lagan. To a similar 
junction of a smaller stream with the Ballynahinch river, 
the townland of Cumber, in the parish of Maheradrool, 
owes its name. To the same origin may be traced the 
name Cumber in Derry, and Castlecomer in the Queen's 
County. Another famous spot of this name was the cumar, 
or meeting, of the three waters, the place where the Suir, 
Nore, and Barrow meet together." Reeves, Eccles. 
Antiquities, p. 197. 

57 Potatoes. The popular belief that the potato was 
first known in this country about the year 1586 is probably 
erroneous. If only planted at that date, by sir Walter 
Raleigh, in his garden near Youghal, it is not likely that 
during the war which desolated Ireland between 1586 and 
1 60 1, the potato should become so generally known and 
appreciated as thus to form an important article of food 
for the Scottish settlers in the Ards so early as the year 
1606. Sir Robert Southwell (so well known among other 
reasons for the fact that he was five times elected president 
of the Royal Society,) announced at a meeting of that 

learned body that his grandfather had obtained some potato 
roots or tubers from sir Walter Raleigh, who had brought 
them from America, and that from his cultivation of these 
roots had arisen that vast vegetable provision enjoyed ever 
since by the Irish peasantry. It is more probable, how- 
ever, that the potato was introduced much earlier into this 
country, and that it originally came to Ireland through 
Portugal or Spain. Our name for this production is evi- 
dently derived from the word used to designate it by 
Spaniards and Portuguese, an evidence that we are in- 
debted for it to this source. The natives of South America 
called the plant Papas. The Spaniards and Portuguese, 
to whom it was generally known soon after the discovery 
of America, corrupted Papas into Ba-ta-ta, to which our 
word Potato is an approximation. See The Penny 
Cyclopaedia. The first English author in whose writings 
there is any reference to the potato, was Gerard, the 
herbalist of 1597. Richard Bradley, who published his 
work on Planting and Gardening, in 1634, has also a 
sKort allusion to this root. In Crofton Croker's intro- 
duction to the Popular Songs of Ireland, the writer 
has the following remarks: "That potatoes were the 
ordinary food in the south of Ireland before the time of 
the commonwealth, is shewn by an account of an Irish 
Quarter, printed in 1654, in a volume entitled Songs and 
Poems of Love and Drollery, by T. W. The writer and his 
friend visited Coolfin, in the county of Waterford, the seat 
of Mr. Poer, where, at supper, they were treated with 
codded onions, and in the van 

" Was a salted tail of salmon, 
And in the rear some rank potatoes came on." 

Cole, who published his Adam in Eden, or the Paradise 
of Plants, in 1657, has the following curious passage about 
the potato: "The potatoes which we call Spanish [not 
the sweet potato], because they were first brought up to us 
out of Spain, grew originally in the Indies, where they, or 
at least some of this kind, serve for bread, and have been 
planted in many of our gardens [in England], where they 
decay rather than increase ; but the soyle of Ireland doth 
so well agree with them, that they grow there so plentifully 
that there be whole fieldes overran with them, as I have 
been informed by divers souldiers that came thence. " The 
soldiers, to whose statements Cole here refers, served in 
the parliamentary forces sent to this country between 1649 
and 1653. The late Mr. Eugene O'Curry, in 1855, met 
with an Irish poem by John O'Neachtan (well known in 
Dublin between the years 1710 and 1750,) in which the 
writer always speaks of the potato as the Spaineach Geal, 
that is, the white, or generous-hearted Spaniard; and 
describes it as gladdening the hearts of the people from 
the first of August till St. Patrick's Day, in each year. 
Abridged from Proceedings of the Rcyal Irish Academy ; 
vol. vi, pp. 3563 6 3- 


set up and encouraged linen and woollen manufactory^ 8 which soon brought down the prices of y* 
break en s$9 and narrow cloths of both sorts. 

s 8 Woollen manufactory. At the period of the English 
invasion (1172), the Irish had flourishing woollen manu- 
factories, producing parti-coloured cloths in great abun- 
dance, and of excellent quality. In the I4th century, Irish 
woollens are said to have been extensively imported into 
England, and Irish serges into Italy, which appears the 
more remarkable, as at that period, woollen manufacture 
had attained to a high degree of perfection in the latter 
country (Dublin Penny Journal, vol. i., p. 23). This 
statement rests, among other authorities, on a passage in 
an ancient Florentine poem, written prior to the year 1364, 
and known by the title of Dittamondi or Data Mundi. The 
first earl of Charlemont, who died in 1799, had the credit 
of first directing public attention to this passage, in a paper 
written by him in 1786, and printed in Transactions 
oj the Royal Irish Academy, Antiquitiesvo\. i., pp. 17 24. 
The passage is as follows : "In like manner we pass into 
Ireland, which among us is worthy of renown for the 
excellent serges that she sends us." After quoting other 
authorities in connexion with his subject, Lord Charle- 
mont observes: "From all these several facts, and par- 
ticularly from the passage of our author, we may fairly 
conclude that Ireland was possessed of an extensive trade 
in woollens at a very early period, and long before that 
commodity was an article of English export. Manufac- 
tures are slow in being brought to that degree of perfection 
which may render them an object coveted by distant coun- 
tries, especially where the people of those countries have 
arrived at a high degree of polish ; and if in the middle 
of the fourteenth century the serges of Ireland were 
eagerly sought after, and worn with a preference by the 
polished Italians, there can be no doubt that the fabric 
had been established for a very long time before that pe- 
riod." This prosperous trade was continued to Ireland, 
with but slight interruptions until the year 1673, when 
English statesmen were compelled to destroy it, because 
English manufacturers would no longer tolerate any Irish 
rivals. During the viceroyalty of Lord Essex a formal 
overture was published for relinquishing the woollen-trade 
in this country, except in its lower branches, "that it 
might not longer be permitted to discourage English 
woollen manufactures." The tendency of this short- 
sighted policy was not only to impoverish Ireland, but to 
enrich France, for the Irish wool could always find a bet- 
ter market in France than in England. Sir Richard Cox's 
arguments against the impolitic course adopted in this 
matter drew the following candid acknowledgment from 
the ministers, through the mouth of Lord Godolphin : 
"They were convinced all he (Sir R. Cox) said was true, 
but they had the strong prejudices of the people to deal 
with, who looked on an increase of the woollen manufac- 
ture in Ireland with so jealous an eye, that they would 
not listen to the most reasonable arguments in its favour, 
and that they merely compelled the late king and his 
ministers to comply with them against theirown judgments : 
That nothing could change them but their own sufferings, 
which could not come so quickly, as that he could expect 
to see the alteration : But whenever they shall feel the 
mischievous consequences of what they had too rashly 
done, he will venture to prophecy that they will attribute 
them to any causes, however improbable, rather than 

confess the necessity of admitting their brethren of Ireland 
into any share of their trade, and will try a thousand ex- 
pedients, before they will put into execution the natural, 
and therefore the only one which can be effectual, and 
which France would give millions of money to prevent 
taking place." Harris' Ware's Works, vol. ii., Irish 
Writers, p. 219. The evils thus predicted very soon 
appeared, and to meet the difficulty, such heavy addi- 
tional duties were imposed, in 1698, on the exportation 
of woollen cloths, as amounted to an actual prohibi- 
tion. Ireland was declared to be more suited to the 
manufacture of linen than woollen cloth, and with 
this consolation Ireland was forced to be content. The 
woollen manufacture introduced and encouraged by 
lady Montgomery in the Ards, was no doubt conducted 
pretty much according to the process described in the fol- 
lowing extract from the pen of one who had evidently been 
well informed on the subject : "At the time of the acces- 
sion of William III., our farms were better suited to the 
woollen manufa:ture than the linen; our flocks were nu- 
merous, and our sheep-sheering began in May : the wool was 
immediately sorted and scoured ; the short fine wool being 
preserved for grey spinning, the web made of it was called a 
grey web, as in an Act of Henry VIII. This was died drab, 
blue, or brown ; and was spun on the great wheel, woven 
in summer, and dressed for clothes for the male branches 
of the family. Tuck mills were then more numerous than 
our bleach mills are at present (1800). The long fine wool 
was laid aside for the comb. This was generally spun 
upon the small wheel, the same as used for flax-spinning ; 
and was died of different colours, and woven as poplin, 
the warp and weft being of different colours ; when 
doubled it was woven as camlet, and worn by men in 
summer, or made into stockings. The middling kind of 
wool was made into blankets." Dr. J. M. Stephenson's 
Fasciculus second, of the Belfast Literary Society, as quoted 
in Dr. Stuart's History of Armagh, p. 422, note. 

59 Breakens. From the Irish breacan, ' a tartan 
plaid,' or breacanach, adj. 'tartan.' The breacan-jeile, 
literally ' the chequered covering, ' was the peculiar garb 
of the Highlanders from a remote period, and was also 
commonly worn by Ayrshiremen at the commencement of 
the seventeenth century. Lady Montgomery's 'breakens' 
were tartans, and the wearers of the breacanach were set- 
tlers from Ayrshire. Paterson, Parishes and Families of 
Ayrshire, vol. i. p. in, note. It was soon afterwards 
objected by Englishmen to the Scots of Ulster that 
the Scottish dress and customs were retained by 
them after coming to Ireland. During a debate in the 
English house of commons, on the 3rd of December, 1656, 
on the question as to whether adventurers for land in Ire- 
land would be permitted to occupy the forfeited estates of 
the third viscount Montgomery and the first earl of Clan- 
brassil, Major Morgan, a leading member of the house, 
was of opinion that these noblemen's estates ' ' ought to 
be assigned them in some other part of the nation. " His 
reason for urging this arrangement was stated by him as 
follows: "For in the North, the Scotch keep up an 
interest distinct in garb and all formalities, and are 
able to raise an army of 40,00x3 fighting men at any 
time, which they may easily convey over to the High- 



Now every body minded their trades, and the plough, and the spade, building, and setting fruit 
trees, &c., in orchards and gardens, and by ditching in their grounds. The old women spun, and 
the young girls plyed their nimble fingers at knitting 60 and every body was innocently busy. Now 
the Golden peacable age renewed, no strife, contention, querulous lawyers, or Scottish or Irish 
feuds, between clanns and families, and sirnames, disturbing the tranquillity of those times; and the 
towns and temples were erected, with other great works done (even in troublesome years) as shall 
be in part recited, when I come to tell you of the first Lord Viscount Montgomery's funeral, person, 
parts, and arts ; therefore, reader, I shall be the more concise in the history of the plantation, and of his 
loyal transactions; not indeed, with his life, for the memories (out of which I have collected obser- 
vations thereof) are few, by reason of the fire, February, 1695, and other accidents, and by my 
removal into Scotland, since A 1688, whereby such papers were destroyed or lost. 61 

Yet I find by a fragment (of a second information to the Herauld, concerning the Lord Viscount's 
coat of arms), written by Sir James Montgomery, that in a few years from the beginning of the 
plantation, viz. in A. 1610, the Viscount brought before the King's muster-master a thousand 
able fighting men 62 to serve, when out of them a militia should be raised, and the said Sir H. (for the 

lands upon any occasion; and you have not so much 
interest in them as you have in the inhabitants of 
the Scotch nation. I would have the adventurers have 
the land fallen to them by lot, and the other claimers 
(Ards and Clanbrassil) provided for elsewhere. " Burton's 
Parliamentary Diary, anno 1656. The Scottish breacan, 
or tartan, is a remnant of the ancient Irish Braccon, striped 
or parti-coloured, so universally worn at a very early date 
in this country. The Books of Leacan and Ballymote, 
compiled in the fourteenth century from ancient manu- 
scripts, state that in the reign of Tigearnmas, monarch of 
Ireland,cloths were first dyed purple, blue,and green, and that 
he established the custom of using one colour in the gar- 
ment of a slave ; two in that of a soldier ; three in that of 
an officer and of a young nobleman ; four in that of a 
Biatach, or gentleman who held land from the crown for 
the maintenance of a table for strangers and travellers ; 
five in that of lords of the district ; six in that of an ollav, 
or chief professor ; and seven in that of a king or a queen. 
The fashion of the Braccon, as worn among the ancient 
Irish, "was so admirably adapted to the manners of a 
martial nation," says Charles O'Connor, " that it received 
very little change through all ages. It helped to display 
action, and exhibited the actor in the most advantageous 
manner. It was so conveniently contrived as to cover the 
breast better than modern dress, while the close sleeves 
gave the soldier all the advantages he could require in the 
use of arms. " Transactions of the Ossianic Society, vol. 
v., pp. 207, 208. 

60 At knitting. In more modern days, the old women 
knitted, and the young women span. 

61 Destroyed or lost. See pp. 1 , 28, siipra. At the time of 
the Revolution in 1688, the author was one of many from the 
county Down who left Ireland. William Montgomery, 
of Rosmond, esq. , was named in the Act of Attainder. 
See King, State of the Protestants of Ireland, Appendix, 
p. 14, Dublin, 1730. 

62 A thousand able-fighting men. The muster-master 
(from montrer to show) was an officer commissioned in 

each district, to discover the number of able-bodied men 
therein, together with the available arms possessed by them. 
He was further required carefully to enrol the men and 
arms in a book, to be consulted when troops might be 
needed for active service. From this statement of the 
author it is evident that a large number of settlers had 
come with sir Hugh Montgomery to the Ards during the 
first four years of his colonisation. It is to be regretted 
that no list of these original settlers can now be found. 
Among them, were several named Orr, who appear to 
have originally settled in the townlands of Ballyblack 
and Ballykeel, and were the progenitors of a very 
numerous connexion of this surname throughout the Ards. 
The earliest recorded deaths in this connexion, after their 
settlement in the Ards, were those of James Orr of Bally- 
black, who died in the year 1627, and Janet M 'Clement, 
his wife, who died in 1636. The descendants, male and 
female, of this worthy couple were very numerous, and as 
their intermarriages have been carefully recorded, we 
have thus, fortunately, a sort of index to the names of 
many other families of Scottish settlers in the Ards and 
Castlereagh. Their descendants in the male line inter- 
married with the families of Dunlop, Gray, Kennedy, 
Coulter, Todd, M'Birney, M'Cullough, Campbell, Boyd, 
Jackson, Walker, Rodgers, Stevenson, "Malcomson, 
King, Ferguson, M'Quoid, Cregg, Barr, M'Munn, 
Bryson, Johnson, Smith, Carson, M'Kinstry, Busby, 
M'Kee, Shannon, M'Garock, Hamilton, Cally, Chal- 
mers, Rea, M 'Roberts, Creighton, M'Whirter, M'Kibbin, 
Cleland, Abernethy, Reid, Agnew, Wilson, Irvine, 
Lindsay, M'Creary, Porter, Hanna, Taylor, Smyth, 
Carson, Wallace, Gamble, Miller, Catherwood, Malcolm, 
M'Cleary, Pollok, Lament, Frame, Stewart, Minnis, 
Moorehead, M'Caw, Clark, Patterson, Neilson, Max- 
well, Harris, Corbet, Milling, Carr, Winter, Patty, 
Gumming, M'Connell, M'Gowan. Nearly an equal 
number of Orrs married wives of their own surname. 
These numerous descendants, bearing the surname of 
Orr, resided in Ballyblack, Clontinacally, Killinether, 



great encouragement of planters and builders) obtained a patent dated the 25th of March, nth Jac., 
which is the ist day of A 1613, Stilo Anglicanof* and but one day more than ten full years after the 
Queen's death, y" 24th March, 1602, being the last day of that year, by which letters patent Newton 
aforesaid is erected into a corporation, whereof the said Sir Hugh is nominated the ist Provost, and 
the Burgesses are also named. 6 -* This corporation hath divers priviledges, the most remarkable are 
that every Parliament they send two Burgesses to serve therein ; 6 s the other is that it can hold a court 

Ballygowan, Ballykeel, Munlough, Ballybeen, Castle- 
averie, Conlig, Lisleen, Bangor, Gortgrib, Granshaw, 
Killaghey, Gilnahirk, Ballyalloly, Ballyknockan, Bally- 
cloughan, Tullyhubbert, Moneyrea, Newtownards, Bally- 
misca, Dundonald, Magherascouse, Castlereagh, Bootin, 
Lisdoonan, Greyabbey, Ballyrea, Ballyhay, Ballywilliam, 
Saintfield, Ballymacarrett, Craiganflet, Braniel. The 
greatest number of the name lived in Ballykeel, Clontina- 
cally, and Ballygowan. The descendants in the female 
line from James Orr and Janet M 'Clement of Ballyblack, 
intermarried with the families of Riddle of Comber, 
Thomson, of Newtownards, Moore of Drummon, Orr of 
Lisleen, Orr of Ballykeel, Murdock of Comber, Irvine of 
Crossnacreevy, M'Creary of Bangor, Hanna of Conlig, 
Orr of Bangor, Orr of Ballygowan, M'Munn of Lisleen, 
Barr of Lisleen, Davidson of Clontinacally, Jamieson of 
Killaghey, Martin of Killynure, Martin ot Gilnahirk, 
Matthews of , Watson of Carryduff, Shaw of Clon- 

tinacally, Todd of Ballykeel, Jennings of , 

Davidson of , M'Kibbin of Knocknasham, 

M'Cormick of Ballybeen, M'Cullock of Ballyhanwood, 
M'Kee of Lisleen, Patterson of Moneyrea, Dun woody of 
Madyroe, Barr of Bangor, M'Gee of Todstown, Burgess 
of Madyroe, M'Kinning of Lisnasharock, Gerrit of 
Ballyknockan, Pettigrew of Ballyknockan, M'Coughtry of 
Ballyknockan, Yates of , Shaw of , 

Stevenson of Ballyrush, M'Kibbin of Haw, Piper of 
Comber, Blakely of Madyroe, Orr of Ballyknockan, 
Stewart of Clontinacally, Hamilton of Ballykeel, Dunbar 
of Slatady, Orr of Ballygowan, Malcolm of Bootan, 
Porter of Ballyristle, M 'Connell of Ballyhenry, Kennedy 
of Comber, Malcolm of Moat, Orr of Ballykeel, Martin 
of Ballycloughan, Reid of Ballygowan, Lewis of , 

Orr of Clontinacally, Orr of Florida, M'Creary of 

, Miller of Conlig, Lowry of Ballymacashan, 
Harris of Ballymelady, Orr of Ballyknockan, M 'Quoid of 
Donaghadee, Appleton of Conlig, M'Burneyof , 

Hanna of Clontinacally, Johnson of Rathfriland, Orr 
of Ballykeel, Stewart of Clontinacally and Ma- 
lone, Patterson of Moneyrea and Lisbane, Black of 
Gortgrib, Hill of Gilnahirk, Murdock of Gortgrib, Kil- 
patrick of , Gregg of , Huddle- 

stone of Moneyrea, M'Culloch, of Moneyrea, Steel of 
Maghrescouse, Erskine of Woodburn, Campbell of 
, White of , Clark of Clontina- 

cally, M 'Fadden of Clontinacally, Hunter of Clontinacally 
and Ravara, Orr of Castlereagh, M'Kean of , 

M'Kittrick of Lisleen, Frame of Munlough, Garret of 
Ballyknockan, Kennedy of Tullygirvan, Orr of Munlough, 
Dickson of Tullygirvan, M 'Clure of Clontinacally, Porter 
of Beechhill, Dinwoody of Carrickmadyroe, Strain of 
Newtonards, Burns of Cahard, Kennedy of Tullygirvan, 
M'Callaof Lisdoonan, M'Bratney of Raferey, Harrison 
of Holywood, Piper of Moneyrea, MacWilliam of Edna- 

slate, Patterson of Tonachmore, Wright of Craigantlet, 
Boden of Craigantlet, Henderson of Ballyhaskin, Morrow 
of Belfast, M 'Quoid of Braniel, M'Lean of Ballykeel, 
Neilson of Ravara, Crawford of Carrickmadyroe, 
M'Gown of Crossnacreevy, Orr of Ballybeen. MS. Gme- 
alogy of the Family of James Orr of Ballyblack, drawn up 
from inscriptions on tombstones, by the late Gawin Orr of 

63 Stilo Anglicano. See pp. 18, 40, 51, supra. 

64 Burgesses are also named. See Appendix D. 

65 To serve therein. The following is a list of the 
members of Parliament for the borough of Newtown, from 
1613 to 1800 : 

1613, April George Conyngham, Esq., Loghriscoll. 

James Cathcart, Esq., Ballenyane. 

J 634, June Hon. Hugh Montgomery, Master of the Ardes, 

1639, Mar. 2 Hon. Hugh Montgomery, Newtown. 

John Trevor, Esq., Balleclender. 

1640, Feb. Hon. George Montgomery, Ballylessan, vice H. 

Montgomery, sick. 
1640, March G. Montgomery. 
1661, April 18 William Montgomery, Esq., Rosemount. 

Charles Campbell, Gent., Donaghadee, Dublin. 
1692, Sept. 26 Robert Echlin, Esq., Rush, Dublin. 

Thomas Knox, Esq., Dungannon, Tyrone. 
1695, Aug. 19 Clotworthy Upton, Esq., Castle Upton, Antrim. 

Charles Campbell, Esq., Dublin. 

1703, Sept. 21 George Carpenter, Esq., Longwood, Hants. 

Charles Campbell, Esq., Dublin. 

1704, Feb. 23 Brabazon Ponsonby, Esq., Bessborough, Kilkenny, 

vice Carpenter absent on the Queen's service in 
1713, Oct. 29 Brabazon Ponsonby, Esq., Bessborough, Kilkenny. 

Charles Campbell, Esq., Dublin. 
1715, Nov. 4 Richard Tighe, Esq., Dublin. 

Charles Campbell, Esq. , Dublin. 
1725, Nov. 9 Hon. Wm. Ponsonby, Bessborough, Kilkenny, vice 

Campbell, deceased. 
1727, Nov. 8 John Denny Vesey (Bart.), Abbyleix, Queen's 


Robert Joeelyn, Esq., Dublin. 
1739, Oct. 23 Hon. John Ponsonby, Bishops' Court, Kildare, vico 

Joeelyn, Lord Chancellor. 
i75o,April 26 Chambre Brabazon Ponsonby, Esq., Ashgrove, 

Kilkenny, vice Vesey, Lord Knapton. 
1761, May 2 Hon. Richard Ponsonby, Dublin. 

Redmond Morres, Esq., Rathgar, Dublin. 

1768, July t6 Hon. John Ponsonby, Bishops' Court, Kildare. 

Thomas Le Hunte, Esq., Dublin. 

1769, Oct. 30 Sir William Evans Morres, Bart., Kilcreen, Kilkenny. 

1775, Oct. 10 Cornelius O'Callaghan (the elder), Esq. 

Arthur Dawson, Esq. 

1776, June 18 John Browne of the Neale, (Bart.) 

James Summerville, Esq. 
1783, Oct. 4 William Brabazon Ponsonby, Esq. 

Lodge Morres, Esq. 
1785, Jan. 20 Right Hon. John Ponsonby. 

Sir William Evans Ryves Morres, Bart. 

1788, Feb., 4 Henry Alexander, Esq., vice Ponsonby, deceased. 
1790, July, 2 Hon. Richard Annesley, 

John La Touche, Esq. 
1796, Mar., 2 John La Touche. jun., Esq. 
1798* J an -> 9 Rt- Hon. Sir John Blacquiere, K.B. 

Robert Alexander, Esq. 



every 2d Friday for debt, trespass, and damage, not exceeding three score six shillings and eight pence* 
sterling. The town hath in it an excellent piece of freestone work of eight squares, called the cross, 
with a door behind, within are stairs mounting to the towers, over which is a high stone pillar, and 
proclamations are made thereon ; on the floor whereof at each square is an antique spout which 
vented claret, King Charles the 2d being proclaimed our King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, 
&c. A". D 

1800, Feb., 3 Hon. Dupre Alexander, vice Robt. Alexander. 
The foregoing list has been kindly supplied by T. K. 
Lowry, Esq. , Editor of the Hamilton Manuscripts. 

*5 A" DO 1649. Although Charles II. did not actually 
succeed to the throne until the year 1660, the drift of events 
in Ireland encouraged his adherents to proclaim him at the 
date mentioned in the text Ormond by able and un- 
wearied efforts, had united the Catholics of the South with 
the Protestants of the North, in support of the royal 
cause. The former engaged to maintain an army of 
17,000 men at their own expense, to be employed against 
the forces of the Parliament ; whilst in Ulster, there was 
formed a union, although short-lived, between the royalists 
and covenanters, for the same object. Jones, the parlia- 
mentary commander in Dublin, and Coote, who held the 
same position in Londonderry, were almost entirely shut 
up within the limits of their respective garrisons. Monk, 
then a zealous republican, held Belfast for the parliament, 
but in consequence of the union between the Episcopalians 
and Presbyterians, he was obliged to retire to Lisburn, 
thence to Dundalk ; the latter place, with Newry, Drogh- 
eda, and several other garrisons soon afterwards declaring 
for the young king. At this crisis, too, the royal fleet, 
commanded by Prince Rupert, rode triumphantly off the 
Irish coast The inhabitants of Newton in the Ards ap- 
pear to have deeply participated in the passing gleam of 
royalist success which was so soon to be succeeded by a 
long-continued gloom. The English parliament had for- 
gotten Ireland for a time in its anxiety to defeat the roya- 
lists in England and Scotland. This task was triumphantly 
executed by Cromwell at the battle of Worcester, and was 
very soon succeeded by the utter dispersion of the Irish 
royalists also. The market cross, the principal scene of 
the rejoicings referred to in the text, has been described by 

Harris, as follows : " Before it (the market house) 
stands a neat octagon building of hewn stone, adorned 
with a slender stone pillar at top of the same form, which 
serves the town for a market-cross. In each side of the 
octagon, measuring to five feet four inches, is a niche 
curiously wrought, and adorned with an escallop shell. 
It is ten feet ten inches high from the pedestal to the 
cornish, and a belt of stone in an architrave runs round it, 
through which, at every angle, a stone spout projects it- 
self, consisting each of one entire stone, a foot and a half 
long, to convey the water from the roof; and all these 
spouts are set off with variety of carved work, some of 
them terminating in a dog's head, and others in those of 
other animals. On the top of the pillar, springing out of 
the roof a lion, carved in stone, is placed in a sitting pos- 
ture. The room within serves as a watch-house for the 
town. On every face of this octagon are different fancies 
or arms carved in stone, as namely, on one a rose, on 
another a helmet within the horns of a half-moon, 
and on it a flower-de-lys encompassed with a wreath of 
lawrel ; on another a cross within a coronet ; on another 
the arms of Mountgomery, earl of Mount- Alexander ; on 
another the arms, as we believe, of one Shaw, being a star 
in the middle of three cups, and the crest a phoenix ; for 
on a house near this building, erected by one of that name, 
are the same arms. On the sixth face of this octagon is 
a harp for the arms of Ireland ; on the face next to the 
market-house is inscribed 1636, being the date of this 
building, and on the opposite face is this inscription, un- 
der the king's arms : 

"Theis arms, which Rebels threw down and defac'd 1653. 

Are by this loyal Burrowgh now replac'd. 1666. 

W. B. Prowest. Deus nobis fare otia fecit." 




[HE foregoing things done, and in progress to their greater perfection, I begin again with 
Sir H. Montgomery and Con O'Neill's further dealings together. The last I mentioned 
was Con's conveyance to Sir Hugh, dated 22d August, 4 Jacobi, of the wood growing on 
the four townlands. 1 I find also that, in pursuance of articles of the 24th December, 3d Jacobi, and 
of a former treat and covenant, and Sir Hugh's part to be performed, mentioned in Con's deed of 
feofment, dated the i4th May, 3d Jacobi (for Con made then such a deed poll, which was accepted, 
because of mutual confidence between them). I say, pursuant to the premises, Sir Hugh made a 
deed of feofment, dated isth May, 1610, purporting a gift in taile to Con and his heirs male of all 
his own lands excepting ten towns. 2 And the same day Con releases to Sir Hugh all the articles 
and covenants he had on Sir Hugh ; and releases also thereby the said excepted ten towns, and this 

1 On four townlands. For an account of this convey- 
ance see p. 33, supra. Several early notices of this district 
represent it as being densely wooded. In a Map of the 
coast of Down, supposed to have been made about the 
year 1566, there is the following note explanatory of the 
difference between woods and underwoods: "Wheras 
anie wodds doe sygnifye in these platts ye underwoods, 
as hasell, holye, oiler, elder, thorne, crabtre and byrche, 
bot suche lyk, but noe greate hoke, neyther greate bwyld- 
inge tymber, and the mountayne topps ys barayne, save 
onelye for ferres (firs) and small thornes." On a Map 
published about 1590, extensive woods are represented in 
the vicinity of Bellfaste, and in a corner is the following 
note: "Alonge this river (the Lagan) be ye space of 
twenty-six miles groweth muche woodes, as well hokes for 
timber as hother woodde wiche maie be brought in the 
baie of Cragfergus with bote or drage." Ulster Journal 
of Archeology vol. iii., pp. 273 4. Marshall Bagenal's 
Description of Ulster in 1586, represents South or Upper 
Clannaboy (now the baronies of Castlereagh Upper and 
Lower) as "for the moste parte a woodland," the Diffrin, 
(Dufferin) "for the most parte woody," and Killulta "full 
of wood and bogg. " Ibid. vol. ii., pp. 1524. 

2 Excepting ten fauns. For the original articles of 24th 
Dec. , 1605, see pp. 40, 41, supra. Con's deed of feoffment 
is dated the I4th of March, (not May as stated in the text,) 
1606. "The jury find here a deed of feoffment, executed 
by livery and seisin, made by said Con to sir Hugh, in 
pursuance of the above articles (of 24th December, 1605) 
whereby said Con grants to said sir Hugh, all lands and 
privileges, and advantages, which James Hamilton granted 
by deed, on the 6th of November last (1605) to said Con, 
the said sir Hugh paying all sums and doing all services 
which the said deed of James Hamilton to said Con re- 
qired." Inquisition of 1623. Although Con made this 

feoffment to sir Hugh, he still retained possession of the 
property, exercising all the rights and enjoying all the 
advantages of landlord. The object of this temporary 
arrangement between them is not stated, but from the tenor 
of the original articles, we infer that it was adopted partly 
with the view of saving Con from the consequences of any 
forfeiture he might afterwards incur, as, in case of any such 
forfeiture, sir Hugh engaged to regrant the lands to Con's 
rightful heirs male. In return for this, Con virtually 
engaged to alienate the lands to no one without sir Hugh's 
consent. Accordingly, Con's grant to Thomas Mont- 
gomery of the lands of Ballyrosbuye on the 25th of April, 
1606, was made with sir Hugh's consent; as was also his 
grant to Col. David Boyd, dated the 2nd of August, 1609. 
P. 28, supra. On the I5th of May, 1610, sir Hugh 
regranted by deed of entail to Con O'Neill, these lands 
that had been transferred to him by the latter, in March, 
1606, excepting, as the author states ten townlands. The 
following were the names of the portions excepted in 
sir Hugh's deed of entail : Ballynadolloghan, Ballylis- 
gane, Ballymagherone, Ballycarney, Ballyclogher, Bally- 
dovvneagh, Ballylisngnoe, Ballynehaghlish, Ballymacarret, 
and Ballyrosbuye, lying in the demesne of Castlereagh, 
in Slut McNeills. In this deed of entail were also 
excepted courts leet and baron, fairs and markets, royal- 
ties, mines, woods, and underwoods. The deed also con- 
tained a clause of re-entry if Con should lease for above 
twenty-one years to his brothers Hugh and Tool 
(Tuathal) without sir Hugh's consent. These ten town- 
lands were excepted because four of them, conveyed 
by the deed of 22nd August, 1606, by Con to sir Hugh, 
had been discharged of that trust, and the remainder 
had been either formerly conveyed by Con to others, 
or not passed by Hamilton to Con himself. Inquisition 
of 1623. 




done in consideration of 35/. paid in hand, and of i,ooo/. sterling (formerly given, at several times, 
to y e said Con) and now remitted by the said Sir Hugh. 3 

And so here I leave off to write of Con, but will relate some troubles which came upon Sir 
Hugh, but not so grievous as those which were occasioned by that killing dart, when Sir James 
Fullerton, when he procured the letters to y 9 Lord Deputy, with that clause, that y* patent for Con's 
estate should pass in James Hamilton's name alone ; but Sir Hugh's courage and conduct (at long 
run) cured in part that great hurt. 

The first succeeding troubles and costly toils which I read of after this last spoken of transaction 
with Con, which Sir Hugh met with, sprang from the petitions and claims of Sir Thomas Smith/ against 

3 Remitted by the said Sir Hugh. The following are the 
words in which this Release was expressed : " I, Con 
O'Neale, did, by my Deed Pole, dated the I4th of March, 
anno Jacobi tertio, convey my whole estate, and all 
royalties, privileges, and inmunities thereunto belonging, 
in the Upper Claneboys, unto sir Hugh Montgomery, for 
ever ; all which lands were granted unto me by James 
Hamilton, Esq., by indenture, dated 6th November, 
anno Jacobi tertio : And whereas, by indenture, dated 
the 22nd of August, anno Jacobi quarto, I, the said 
Con, in consideration of the sum of 3 1 7 sterling, paid 
to me by the said sir Hugh, expressed in said indenture, 
besides the sum of ^250 not expressed, did sell to him and 
his heirs, not only the four townlands therein by name 
expressed, but also all woods underwoods, mines, &c., in 
and upon all my lands in the Upper Claneboys, with all 
royalties, &c. , thereto belonging. Now, forasmuch, as at 
the sealing and delivering of one part of indentures bear- 
ing date with these presents made between me and said 
sir Hugh, I do hereby confess to have received of the said 
sir Hugh the sum of .35 sterling more, and a release of a 
Bond of;i,ooo sterling, by me forfeited to the said sir 
Hugh, and also that he, the said sir Hugh, hath by the 
indenture of the date of these presents bound himself to 
pay the king's rent for most part of the lands which I 
hold to me and my heir's male. By which indenture the 
said sir Hugh hath assured to me, and the heirs male of 
my body, an estate tail in such lands as are in said 
indenture of the date of these presents contained. There- 
fore I, the said Con, do hereby release to the said sir 
Hugh, his heirs and assigns, all former articles, covenants, 
&c. , and all debts and demands which I may or might 
have had against the said sir Hugh by reason of any 
bargain or contract whatsoever before the date of these 
presents." Inquisition of 1623. This first release is 
stated to be "not in the manuscript." The Inquisi- 
tion records a second release from Con to sir Hugh, 
dated the 26th of March, 1612, which seems to have been 
given for the purpose of assisting sir Hugh to obtain a 
further confirmation of the premises from the king ; also a 
third release, dated the 2Oth December, 1615, in which 
Con for himself and his heirs, consents that sir Hugh 
"may obtain a confirmation of the premises from the 
king, or Act of Parliament." 

4 Claims of Sir Thomas Smith. This claimant was the 
grand nephew of the first sir Thomas Smith, to whom queen 
Elizabeth had granted extensive portions of Antrim and 
Down, including the Ards, in 1572. The first sir Thomas 
Smith, one of the most remarkable men of his age, was 

born at Saffron- Waldon, in the year 1512. He was 
equally distinguished as a statesman and a man of learn- 
ing. Whilst rising rapidly through several positions of 
public trust until at length he succeeded Burleigh as chief 
secretary of state, his name, was still more honourably 
known by his pre-eminent classical attainments, and his 
learned investigations in physical and experimental philo- 
sophy. He died in 1577, at the age of sixty-three. Of 
his numerous printed works one is entitled, A Letter sent 
by T. B. unto his -very frende Mayster R. C. Esqire, 
wherein is conteined a large discourse of the peopling and 
inhabiting the Cuntrie called the Ardes, taken in hand by 
sir Thomas Smith, and Thomas Smith, esquire, his- sonne. 
This tract, now very rare, was published in 1572. A 
complete copy, for which the editor is indebted to the 
kindness of J. W. Hanna, Esq., is printed in Appendix E. 
Among the titles of honor inscribed on Smith's monu- 
ment in the parish church of Theydon Mount was Ardce, 
Australisque Claneboy in Hibernia Colonellus. This was 
probably the emptiest of all his titles, although it appears 
to have been one which he very earnestly coveted. His 
minute arrangements for the success of the projected 
colony in the Ards proved how deeply he was interested 
in the enterprise. "It was a pity," says Strype, "it had 
no better issue ; for sir Thomas a great while had set his 
thoughts upon it, undertaking to people that north part of 
the island with natives of this nation. But for his more 
regular and convenient doing of it, and continuance thereof, 
he invented divers rules and orders. The orders were of 
two kinds. I. For the management of the wars against 
the rebels, and the preserving the colony continually from 
the danger of them. II. For the civil government : to 
preserve their home-manners, laws, and customs, that 
they degenerated not into the rudeness and barbarity 
of that country. He divided his discourse into three parts. 
First, to speak of wars; and therein of military officers 
to be used there. Secondly, concerning laws for the poli- 
tic government of the country to be possessed, for the pre- 
servation of it. Thirdly, in what orders to proceed in this 
journey from the beginning to the end : which sir Thomas 
called "A Noble Enterprise and a Godly Voyage." 
Strype's Life of Sir Thomas Smith, pp. 177 178. Sir 
Thomas appointed his natural son, also named Thomas, as 
the leader of this colony, and in addition to the many direc- 
tions given by himself, he drew up, as secretary of state, 
instructions to be sent from the queen to his son. Before 
finally dispatching the latter, he "entreated the lord trea- 
surer (Burleigh) to steal a little leisure to look these writ- 
ings over, and correct them, so that he might make them 


him and Sir James Hamilton ; they began in April, 1610, and the 6th April, 1611, Sir Thomas gets 
an orders o f reference to the Commissioners for Irish affairs (of whom Sir James Hamilton was one) 
to make report of his case (for he claimed by grant from Queen Elizabeth, and the Commissioners 
judged it fitt to be left to law in Ireland). What he did pursuant to his report I know not, but on 
the 3oth Sep., 1612, inquisition is taken, whereby Sir Thos. his title is found void and null, for breach 
and non-performance of articles and covenants to the Queen. 6 See Grand Office, folio 10 and n. 

ready for the queen's signing. And this he hoped, when 
once dispatched, might be as good to his son as five hun- 
dred Irish soldiers." Strype, Ibid., p. 179. When the 
younger Smith was about to sail in the summer of 1572, 
with his eight hundred men, to take possession of the 
Ards, he penned a conciliatory note to Domino Barnabeo 
filio Philippi, in other words, to Brian MacFelim O'Neill, 
announcing that he was coming to live beside him, 
and hoping that they might always maintain the most 
friendly relations with each other. But O'Neill did not 
by any means reciprocate these sentiments of apparent 
good will. On the contrary, he had decided on Smith's 
speedy expulsion, and when the latter arrived on the 3ist 
of August, he was quickly compelled to abandon the ter- 
ritory of the Ards, which he had persuaded himself was 
his own. Early in September, Smith wrote to Burghley, in- 
forming him that sir Brian would not part with a foot of the 
land, that the matter was referred to the lord-deputy, and 
that, in the meantime, he (Smith) had withdrawn his men 
from Newton in the Ardes to Renoughaddy (Ringhaddy) 
in the Dufferin. On the I2th of October, 1573, the earl of 
Essex wrote from Knockfergus to the council in London, 
announcing the death of Thomas Smith, the secretary's 
son, who had been slain in the Ards by Irishmen of his 
his own household, whom he had much trusted. This 
account is evidently founded on the rumours of the event 
that had reached Carrickfergus on Essex's arrival there ; 
but it was not likely that Smith had surrounded himself 
with Irish domestics under the perilous circumstances at- 
tending his forcible possession of the Ards. Carew has the 
following allusion to Smith's assassination in his pedigree 
of the O'Neills of Clannaboy: "Neill MacBrian Ertagh 
(Fagartach), lord of the Upper Clan-Hugh-boy, slew 
Thomas Smith, a valiant gentleman, base son to Sir T. S. , 
her majestie's secretarie, who holds the Upper Clandeboye, 
commonly called the Ardes, given unto him by her ma- 
jestic. He was slain in 1572, and not long after the said 
Neill was slain by Captain Nicholas Malbie." The reader 
will see that the above extract incorrectly represents the 
Upper Clannaboy and the Ards as identical, and also 
antedates the death of Smith at least twelve months. 
Hamilton, Calendar of State Papers, vol. i. , pp. 467, 469, 
472, 482; Ulster Journal of Archeology, vol. iii., p. 45. 
Camden's account of the manner of Smith's death, and 
the death of his slayers, is as follows: "After he (sir 
Thomas Smith) had been at great expence, his natural 
son, whom he had appointed governor, was surprized and 
thrown alive to the dogs by the Irish; but the abandoned 
wretches suffered the punishment of theircruelty, being slain, 
and given to wolves." Britannia, translated and enlarged 
by Gough, vol. iv., p. 422. On the death of the younger 
Smith, the colonists appear to have been dispersed, and 
sir Thomas made no further attempts to replace them. 
The earl of Essex, baffled also in all his hopes and pro- 

jects as governor of Ulster, proposed to purchase the Ards' 
as a retreat to which he might finally withdraw from the 
turmoils and disappointments of life. Sir Thomas Smith 
offered to let him have these territories, "bothegreateand 
litle, " for the sum of^2,ooo, and Essex would have accepted 
the offer, but the queen interposed, wishing to have the Ards 
to herself. In May, 1575, sir Thomas Smith writes : 
"He (Essex) hath written to me that he will have it, and 
given authoritie to Mr. Thresurer to go through with 
me. The Q. Matie. willing to have it hirself cawseth me 
to stay the bargaine. " Sir Thomas concludes with an offer 
to resign his grant to the crown, or to exchange it for a 
manor in Essex, "with a Park;" "because," as he ex- 
presses it, "it was never my chance yet to have a Park, or 
the keeping of a Park." Shirley, Account of Farney, p. 
52. Essex soon afterwards died in Dublin, and sir 
Thomas died two years later, without having made any 
sale or exchange of the Ards. 

5 Sir Thomas gets an order. The first sir Thomas was 
succeeded by his nephew sir William, who had two sons 
who succeeded him ; the elder named also sir William, and 
the younger, this sir Thomas, who, in 1610, prosecuted 
the family claim to the Ards. Strype, Life of Sir Thomas 
Smith, Appendix, p. 124. 

6 Covenants to the Queen. The Inquisitions of 1605 and 
1623, report several distinct breaches on the part of the 
Smiths, of the original terms of the grant from the crown. 
It appears, 1st. That although the Smiths, elder and 
younger, entered on possession of their estates in the Ards 
on the 2Oth of October, 1572, they did not, according to 
the contract, subdue, repress, expel, or bring into her 
majesty's mercy, any rebel or traitor whatsoever. 2nd. 
That neither they nor their heirs had permanently occupied 
the lands with true and faithful they were pledged 
to do by the terms of the original indentures. 3rd. That 
neither they nor their heirs had at any time in readiness, 
an English footman soldier for every plow-land or 120 
acres of arable land, nor an English light horseman soldier 
for every two plow-lands or 240 acres of arable land, to 
serve in defence of their territories, although there had 
been great wars and rebellion, and consequently great 
occasion of service within the said territories. 4th. That 
neither they nor their heirs did possess, inhabit, or divide 
any the castles, manors, coppices, abbeys, priories, lands, 
tenements, or other hereditaments lying and being in their 
territories, as they ought to have done, according to their 
agreement with the crown. 5th. That although there 
had been great wars and rebellion throughout the earldom 
of Ulster since the granting of these lands to the Smiths, 
and several general hostings had been proclaimed, and 
fifteen days' warning given in and upon the said lands, yet 
neither the Smiths nor their heirs had, as they were bound 
to have, any heads or captains, any horsemen or footmen 
soldiers, to attend the lord deputy for the space of forty 


But it seems this was not all the trouble put upon Sir Hugh, for I find (folio 507 of Grand Office) 
he gave unto the Lord Deputy, Sir John, 8 the King's letter, dated 2oth July, I4th Regis, inhibiting 
any lands to be passed to any person whatsoever away from Sir Hugh Montgomery, to which he 
had claim by deed from James Hamilton or Con, and this caveat with a list of the lands he entered 
in the Secretary's office in Dublin.? 

Between this and the year 1618, divers debates, controversys and suits, 10 were moved by Sir Hugh 
against Sir James Hamilton, which were seemingly taken away by an award made by the Right 
Honourable James Hamilton, Earle of Abercorn, 11 to which both partys stood ; in conformity to which 

days, within the earldom of Ulster. 6th. That neither 
the Smiths, nor their heirs, did pay, or cause to be paid 
to the queen, or to her successor, or to any sheriff for the 
County of Down, 2os. of the current money of Ireland, 
yearly, for every plow-land on their estates, according to 
the tenor of the letters patents and indentures, and the 
covenants and agreements in the same. yth. That the 
said 20 shillings, mentioned by the said indentures to be 
paid out of every plow-land of the premises is altogether 
behind in arrears and unpaid, from the feast of St. Michael, 
in anno 1576, until the day and time of the taking of this 
Inquisition (in 1612). 8th. That our sovereign lord King 
James that now is was seized in his domain as of fee in the 
right of his crown of England and Ireland, of and in all 
and singular said lands, tenements, and premises, with 
their appurtenances. 

7 Folio 50. This is the reference to the membranes 
on which the report of the Inquisition of 1623 is written. 

8 Sir John. Sir John is a misprint for St. John, the 
name of the lord deputy who succeeded sir Arthur Chi- 
chester in 1615. 

9 Office in Dublin. On the 7th of August, 1616, a 
king's letter had issued for a regrant to sir Hugh Montgo- 
merie, knt. , of all the lands which he held by grant or 
otherwise, from sir James Hamilton, knt., by the name of 
James Hamilton, esq. , or from Con O'Neill, esq. , or from 
any other within the Great Ards and the higher Clande- 
boyes. The regrant which this letter authorized was 
delayed for several years, during which time sir Hugh was 
involved in heavy law expenses, for Con O'Neill had been 
induced to enter into a tripartite indenture, on the 2Oth of 
December, 1616, with sir James Hamilton and sir Moses 
Hill, in contravention of the deed of entail received by him 
from sir Hugh Montgomery, on the 24th May, 1610. By 
this indenture Con conveyed to Hamilton and Hill all his 
property in Castlereagh and Slut Neales, (consisting then 
of 58 townlands) except the lands of Tullycarnan and 
Edencharrick. Then came the struggle between sir 
Hugh and the other two knights for these lands, and 
the 'trouble' referred to in the text. The terms of the 
tripartite indenture causing all this mischief are stated in 
the copy of the Inquisition of 1623 printed in the Appendix, 
although it is said in the margin that these terms were not 
given in the manuscript. 

10 Controversies and suits. All these unpleasant proceed- 
ings arose more or less directly from the original mistake of 
granting the entire estates to Hamilton, in his own name, 
thus giving him the power (afterwards so fatal to his own 
peace), of controlling, and possibly curtailing the rights of 
his rival, sir Hugh Montgomery. The writer of the 
Hamilton Manuscripts, referring to these disputes, ob- 

serves: "He (sir James Hamilton) had several tedious 
and chargeable lawsuits with the lord of Ards of lands and 
other trifles, wherein pride and incendiaries occasioned 
great expense of money and peace." We may judge also 
from a passage in the will of sir James Hamilton, how 
bitterly be must have felt on the subject of these "con- 
troversies," when we find him therein solemnly endeavour- 
ing to perpetuate the strife between his own descendants 
and those of sir Hugh Montgomery. In the passage 
referred to, he directs his executors to pay his daughters' 
dowries ten days after their respective marriages, "pro- 
vided their husbands are not of the children, or posteritie, 
of sir Hugh Montgomerie, of Newton, knight. And if 
they shall marry with any of the posteritie of sir Hugh 
Montgomerie, or without the consent or good liking of their 
mother, then I do appoint their portions to revert to their 
brother, my sone, or my next heire, and they to receive 
such portions as he shall think meet. And I do desyre 
my wife, as alsoe my said sone, or sones, and daughters 
(if my wife fall out to Be now with child of any sone or 
daughter), that upon my blessing they, nor none of them, 
match nor marrie not with any sone nor daughter of the 
house or posteritie of sir Hugh Montgomerie, now of 
Newton, knight." Sir James Hamilton's will is dated 
the i6th of December, 1616, and was written, therefore, 
during the very heat of his "controversy" with sir Hugh 
Montgomery. Hamilton Manuscripts, pp., 30, 31, 49, 50. 
11 Earle of Abercorn. This James Hamilton was created 
earl of Abercorn in the year 1606. His father, lord 
Claud Hamilton, was fourth son of the second earl of 
Arran. He was selected, probably, as arbitrator on this 
occasion, from his supposed knowledge of the value of 
lands in Ulster, being himself the owner of large estates in the 
barony of Strabane. Hamilton of Wishart, who repre- 
sents him as a person of " extraordinary accomplishments," 
states that he died at Moncktoun, in Ayrshire, on the 23rd 
of March, 1618. The following is an extract from his 
will : "I committ my saul into ye holie handis of myguid 
God and merciful Father, fra quhome throw y e richteous 
meritis of Jesus Christ, I luik to ressave it againe at y 
glorious resurectione joynitwt yis same body, qlk heir Ileif 
to sleip and be bureit, gif so it pleis God, in ye sepulcher 
qr my brethir, my sisteris, and bairnes lyis; in ye iyll 
callit St Mirreinis Iyll, at y 6 south heid of ye croce 
churche of Paslay ; trusting assuredly to rys at yt blissit 
resurrectione to lyf etemell. 1 desyre that yr be no vaine 
nor glorios seremonie vsit at my buriell, raying (crying) 
honouris, bot yt my corps be karayit to y e grave be some of 
mymosthonorabilland neriest friendis with mybairnis, &c. 
New Statistical Account of Scotland, Renfrewshire 
p. 171, note. 



award, and the King's letter relating thereunto, at least to the chief parts thereof, Sir James 
Hamilton conveys several lands to Sir Hugh Montgomery, and both of them in the deed are stiled 
Privy Counsellor; 12 which deed bears date 23d May, 1 6 18, George Medensis, T 3and William Alexander, 
&c., subscribing witnesses. I presume this might be done at London, for much about this time Sir 
Hugh and his Lady lived there, and made up the match between their eldest son and Jean, the 
eldest daughter of Sir William Alexander, J 4 Secretary for Scotland, whom I take to be one of the 
witnesses in that great concern, by reason, the match aforesaid was about this time or some months 
afterwards completed. 

12 Privy Counsellor. The King's letter, approving of 
the award made by the earl of Abercorn, is dated 24th 
December, 14 James I. By an indenture bearing date the 
23rd May, sir James Hamilton gave over according to the 
terms of Lord Abercorn's award, and in obedience to his 
majesty's will and pleasure, extensive additions to the es- 
tates of sir Hugh Montgomery, consisting especially of 
abbey lands. On the same date, sir Hugh also by inden- 
ture, resigned to sir James portions awarded to the latter, 
including a moiety of the woods and underwoods, growing 
on the subdivisions of Castlereagh and Slut-Neills. Al- 
though sir Hugh Montgomery was a gainer by this arrange- 
ment, the results of Abercorn's award did not altogether 
meet his expectations, nor were they regarded as final in 
the quarrel with his astute neighbour. The substance of 
these two indentures is contained in the Inquisition of 1623, 
the latter being supplied, as stated in the margin, from the 
papers of Dean Dobbs. 

J 3 George Medensis. Dr. George Montgomery's pro- 
motions had followed each other in rapid succession from 
the day on which he was personally known to the king. 
Queen Elizabeth had bestowed upon him a parsonage and 
deanery (p. <), supra), and king James had no sooner arrived 
in London than he appointed him chaplain to himself with 
a living in London, in cominendam, worth at that period the 
respectable sum of 200 a year (p. 28, supra). Montgomery 
was next advanced to the sees of Deny, Raphoe, and 
Clogher, by privy seal dated I5th Feb. , 1604. The mandate 
for consecration was made by patent, dated 1 3th June, 1605. 
On the next day (i4th June), the bishop received a grant 
for the restitution of such temporalities as had been alien- 
ated in the sees above named. On the 2nd of May, 1606, 
a king's letter was issued granting a commission, should the 
bishop require it, to ascertain the see lands of the bishopricks 
of Derry, Raphoe, and Clogher. There is no record of 
his consecration, but it is well known that he did not make 
his appearance in Ulster until the month of May, 1607. Sir 
John Davies, in the interval between the bishop's appoint- 
ment and arrival, spoke of his "three dioceses" as 
comprising the chiefest part of Ulster, now united for one 
man's benefit. The bishop's delay in coming was spoken 
of by Davies as "the cause why this poor people hath not 
been reduced to Christianity ; and therefore majus pcccatum 
i"'-' " This complaint, addressed to the earl of Salisbury, 

halet. ' 

the English chief secretary, from so high an authority as 
the attorney -general for Ireland, had no doubt the effect of 
hastening Montgomery's arrival. Many impropriators 
(probably sir John Davies among the rest), who were 
anxious for the bishop's advent, had cause very soon to 
repent their zeal in this matter, for, as we shall see, his 
ordship aimed above all things at restoring every impro- 

priation to the church. And during the three years he held 
the sees of Derry, Raphoe, and Clogher, he was able to 
do wonders in this respect which will be more particularly 
noticed when we come to the author's memoir of the bishop. 
On the 2 ist of July, 1609, bishop Montgomery was ap- 
pointed one of a commission to ascertain what castles, 
lands, advowsons, &c. , had been escheated in the counties of 
Armagh, Tyrone, Coleraine, Donegal, Fermanagh, and 
Cavan, and to distinguish the ecclesiastical lands from the 
lands belonging to the crown. The appointment of this 
commission was intended as a measure preparatory to the 
complete plantation of Ulster, but the bishop only assisted 
at the inquiries relating to Coleraine (now the county of 
Londonderry), Donegal, Fermanagh, and Cavan. Whilst 
Montgomery held these sees, the king annexed the abbey 
of Clogher, with its revenues, to the see of Clogher, which 
made it one of the richest then in Ireland. On the 24th 
of July, 1610, this fortunate bishop was advanced to the 
bisnoprick of Meath, various substantial annexes being 
added, which will be afterwards mentioned. Calendar of 
Patent Rolls of James I., p. 22; Harris, Waters Works, 
voli., p. 1 88; M.S. Notes of J. W. Hanna, Esq.; Mee 
han's Earlsof Tyrone and Tyrconttel, p. 60, note. 

14 Sir William Alexander. Of the numerous fortune- 
seekers who followed the king across the border, few had 
better luck, or were less envied on account of it, than sir 
William Alexander. As a poet he was very popular, and 
as a speculator he had few rivals, even in that age of enter- 
prise. He was a statesman, too, of no ordinary intelli- 
gence and determination, holding many high, responsible 
trusts, and always steadily advancing from one enviable 
position to another of greater emolument and honour. 
True, he was the subject of an occasional pasquinade, and 
got credit for having somewhat greedy proclivities, but the 
several extensive grants received by him from the crown 
turned out more for the public benefit than his own. Few 
were able to form a truer estimate of his contemporaries 
than sir Thomas Urquhart; and, although the caustic 
knight of Cromarty was severe on one or two projects in 
which sir William engaged, he yet addressed the following 
epigram " to the Earle of Sterlin a little before he (sir 
Thomas) dyed :" 

" In th' universal list of al the spirits 

That either live or are set down in storie, 
No tyrae, nor place can show us one who merits 

But you alone of the best poet the g'orie 
That ever was in state affairs employed. 
And best statesman, that ever was a poet." 

Sir William Alexander is said to have been descended 
from Alexander Macdonnell, second son of Donald, king 
of the Isles, who was grandson of the renowned Somerled, 
or Somhairle, thane of Argyle in the twelfth century. 



The produce of this marriage, 1 * which lived to come to age, was two sons and a daughter, 16 which 
only survived that comely pair. The eldest left behind him two sons, now alive. '7 One of which 
hath also two males. living and life like. 18 And of the ist Viscount's second and third sons, there 
are in good health two old Gentlemen, past their grand climacterick ;*9 and the eldest of them hath 
his son married above 1 1 years ago; 20 of whose loins there are three male children, unsnatched away 
by death, and he may have more very probably. The other old Gentleman is father to two proper 
young Gentlemen, one lately married, and the other able to ly at that wedding-lock above four years 
past 21 

Amid all his prosperity, this nobleman was haunted with 
the conviction that his honours might soon pass to a colla- 
teral branch, to prevent which he surrendered his titles of 
baronet of Nova Scotia, lord Alexander of Tullibodie, 
viscount of Canada, and earl of Stirling, into the king's 
hands, who, by charter, under the great seal, bearing date 
7th December, 1639, granted them de novo to the heirs 
male, and failing them, to the eldest heirs female. Notwith- 
standing this precaution, all his titles became extinct in less 
than a century after his death. He was succeeded by his 
grandson, also named William, who died in May, 1640, or 
three months after his accession as second earl of Stirling. 
Henry, the third son of the first earl, then succeeded, and 
died in 1644. The son of the latter, also named Henry, 
became fourth earl, and died in 1690. His son Henry, 
the fifth earl, died in 1 739, without issue, and at his death 
the family titles became extinct, whilst the vast estates 
granted to the first earl in Scotland, and in America, have 
long since passed from his descendants. 

j s This marriage. The marriage between Hugh, after- 
wards second viscount Montgomery of the Ards, and 
Jean, eldest daughter of sir William Alexander. 

16 Two sons and a daughter. The two sons were Hugh, 
third viscount, and James, born at Dunskey castle, in 1639, 
and who died at Rosemount 1689. The daughter was the 
Hon. Elizabeth Montgomery, who married her cousin, 
William Montgomery, author of the Montgomery Manu- 

17 Two sons now alive. Hugh, the third viscount, and 
first earl of Mount-Alexander, left two sons, Hugh and 
Henry, who became in succession the second and third 
earls of Mount-Alexander. 

18 Living and life-like. Henry, the third earl, left two 
sons, Hugh and Thomas, who became successively the 
fourth and fifth earls. 

*' Passed their grand climacterick. One of these old 
gentlemen was our author himself, son of sir James Mont- 
gomery of Rosemount, the first viscount's second son. 
The other old gentleman was Hugh Montgomery of Dun- 
brackley, son of Captain George Montgomery, the first 
viscount's third son. The grand climacterick (from climax, 
a scale or gradation) of man's life was supposed to be his 
sixty-third year the most critical period every seventh 
year until that point being marked with some great prepa- 
ratory change in the constitution. Aulus Gellius, in his 
Noctes Attica;, lib. xv., cap. 7, refers at some length to this 
interesting point, informing us that the number sixty-three, 
which is a multiple of seven by nine, is particularly fatal 
to old men, adding that disease, or misfortune, or loss of 
life awaits all who arrive at that age. In connexion with 

his own remarks, the Roman author has preserved a letter 
of Augustus Csesar to his grandson Caius, in which this 
old belief is simply and beautifully expressed. "Be of 
good cheer," says the writer, "my beloved Caius, whom, 
so help me heaven, I ever long for, when thou art absent. 
But more particularly do my eyes demand my Caius on 
days like yesterday, when I hope, wherever you were, that 
you celebrated in health and joy my sixty-fourth birth-day; 
for, as you see, I have escaped my sixty-third year, that 
common climacteric of old men. " See Soane, Book of 
the Months, vol. i.. pp. 298, 299. Of this word we have 
the following illustrations quoted, among others, in Rich- 
ardson's New English Dictionary: 

" He (Sir Thomas Smith) departed this mortal life in the climacterical 
year of his age, in the month of July, 1577, and was buried in the 
church of Theydon Mount, or Theydon at Mount, in Essex." 
Wood's A thena Oxonienses. 

" Death might have taken such, her end deferr'd, 
Until the time she had been climacter'd, 
When she would have been at three score years and three, 
Such as our best at three-and-twenty be." 
Drayton's EJegy on tJie death of Lady Clifton. 

" And therefore the consent of elder times settling their conceits 
upon climacters not onely differing from this of ours but one another : 
though several ages and nations do fancy unto themselves different 
years of danger, yet every one expects the same event, and constant 
verity in each." Brown's Vulgar Errors, b. iv. c. 12. 

" These gentlemen deal in regeneration ; but at any price I should 
hardly yield my rigid fibres to be regenerated by them ; nor begin in 
my gratid climacterick, to squall in their new accents, or to stammer 
in my second cradle, the elemental sounds of their barbarous meta- 
physicks. Burke, Rejections on the French Revolution. 

20 II years ago. The author's only son, James, was 
married, in 1687 (eleven years before this was written), 
to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Archibald Edmonston, of 
Broadisland, and had then three sons living. The author 
recorded the names of his grandchildren on " a stone lying 
flat on the floor of the chancell " in Greyabbey, adjoining 
the " vaulted tomb," in which he and his wife were in- 
terred. The names of his grandchildren who had died 
before the erection of that monument were Anna, Helena, 
Hugh, Jane, and Archibald. The names of those then 
alive were Elizabeth, William, Martha, and James. 
Harris, County of Down, p. 54. Another son, named 
Edmonston, was born after the writing of the above in- 
scription, as he is mentioned in the will of the second earl 
of Mount Alexander, and there described as son of James 
of Rosemount, and brother of captain William Mont- 
gomery, afterwards of Killough. 

21 Above four years past. These two "proper young 
gentlemen" were the sons of Hugh of Dunbrackley, some- 
times styled of Ballylesson, the elder named Hercules, 
and the younger, Hugh. Hercules had already married 



Yet, for all our expectations, I neither can (nor will) divine how long these three families may 
last, seeing that neither the said Earle of Abercorn, nor heirs of his body (that I can learn), hath 
any children, only his brother's (the Lord of Strabane) offspring enjoy the title, either from his said 
father, or by a new creation of one of the two late Kings, the Stewards ; 22 and seeing, likewise, the 
ist Viscount Clanneboy left but one son, who left two, who are both dead, without leaving any 
issue behind them, the more is the pity, for many reasons too well known, as by the records in 
Dublin doth appear. 2 3 This consideration, on the duration of families, is to prevent overmuch care 
to raise posterity to grandeur. 2 * 

The said Sir Hugh had (no doubt) further troubles between the said year 1618 and 1623, 
because, at his chief instance and request, and for his greater security, the King granted a com- 
mission and order, directed unto Henry Lord Viscount Faulkland, Lord Deputy of Ireland, for 
holding an inquisition concerning the lands, spiritual and temporal, therein mentioned, which began 
to be held before Sir John Blennerhassett, Lord Chief Baron, at Downpatrick, the i3th October, 
1623. This inquest is often cited, and is commonly called the Grand Office. Again, Sir Hugh 
(that he might be the more complete by sufferings) is assaulted by Sir William Smith, who strove to 
hinder the passing of the King's patent to him ; 2S on notice whereof, Sir Hugh writes a large well 
penned letter (which I have) with instructions to his son James how to manage that affair. This is 

Jane, only child of Archibald MacNeill, chancellor of 
Down, and Hugh soon afterwards married a daughter of 
general Creighton. 

22 Tke Stewards. On the death of George, third earl of 
Abercorn, the male line of the main branch became ex- 
tinct. The family was then represented by the descend- 
ants of Claud Hamilton, second son of James, the first earl. 
This Claud, known as second lord Strabane, died in 
1638, leaving two sons ; James, the elder, third lord Stra- 
bane, was drowned in 1655, leaving no children. His 
younger brother George, fourth lord Strabane, died in 
1668, leaving two sons. The elder, Claud, succeeded as 
fifth lord Strabane, and became fourth earl of Abercorn. 
He espoused the cause of James II. in Ireland, and suf- 
fered forfeiture of his estates. He died in 1690, and the 
title of earl of Abercorn devolved on his younger brother 
Charles, who became fifth earl. In 1692, the latter ob- 
tained a reversal of his brother's attainder, and succeeded 
to both title and estate of Strabane. He died in 1701, 
leaving no issue, so that this branch also became extinct; 
and the representatives of the family have next to be 
sought for among the descendants of George Hamilton, 

fourth son of the first earl. Crawford, History of Ren- 
frewshire, pp.. 319, 320. 

23 In Dublin doth appear. James Hamilton, first vis- 
count Clannaboy, left one son, who became first earl of 
Clanbrassill. The latter had three sons, according to Lodge 
(edited by Archdall, vol. iii., pp. 6, 7), viz., James, who 
died young ; Henry, who became second earl of Clanbrassill ; 
and Hans, who died without issue. On the death of Henry, 
the second earl, without issue, in 1675, the male line of 
the first creation became extinct. The earldom was after- 
wards conferred on James Hamilton, viscount Limerick, 
who was great-grandson of John Hamilton of Tollimore. 
On the death of his son without issue in 1 798, the male 
line of this family also came to an end. Lodge, ut supra, 

vol. iii. , pp. n, 12. The author's mention of the ' ' records 
in Dublin," in connexion with the Clanbrassill family, has 
reference to the lengthened and notorious litigations among 
the Hamiltons, on the death of earl Henry. The reader 
may see a full account of these litigations in the Hamilton 
Manuscripts, pp. 93 156. 

24 Posterity to grandeur. The main line of the Mont- 

fomerys of the Ards became extinct at the death of the 
fth earl of Mount- Alexander, in 1757. 

25 King 's patent to him. This sir William Smith was 
nephew and successor of the first sir Thomas, and is de- 
scribed by John Strype as " a brave gentleman and soldier 
in Ireland, being a colonel there ; till having attained to 
thirty years of age, he returned into England, and pos- 
sessed his deceased uncle's estates. He married into the 
family of Fleetwood of the Vache in Bucks, and had 
divers issue. And was of great figure and service in the 
county of Essex. All which may be better known by the 
Inscription on a noble monument for himself and his lady, 
set up on the south side of the chancel opposite to that of 
sir Thomas Smith, his uncle." This inscription is as 
follows : 

" To the pious memory of her loved and loving husband, 
SirWilliam Smith ofHilhal, in the county ef Essex, Knight : who, 
till he was thirty years old,followed the wars in Ireland, with such 
approbation, that he was chosen one of the Colonels of tlie Army. 
But his uncle, Sir Thomas, Chancellor of the Garter, and principal 
Secretary of State to two princes, King Edward VI., and the 
late Queen Elizabeth of famous memory, dying, he returned to 
a full and fair inheritance : and so bent himself to the affairs of 
the country, that he grew alike famous in the arts of peace as war. 
All offices there, sorted with a man of ,'iis quality, he right wor- 
shipfully performed, and died one of the Deputy Lieutenants of 
the shire ; a place of no small trust and credit. 

"Bridget, his unfortunate widow, who, during- the time of 
thirty-seven years, bare him three sons and four daughters, daughter 
of Thomas Fleetwood, of the Vache in the county of Bucks, Esquire, 
and sometime Master of the Mint, to allay her languor and longing 
after so dear a companion of htr life, rather to express her affection 

7 6 


dated 23d February, 1623, about four months after the Grand Office 26 was found. I have the original 
every word written by himself. I should greatly admire at the exactness thereof, both in point of 
fact and law, but that so ingenious a person and so long bred (by costly experience) to the law (as 
for 20 years before this Sir Hugh was used) could not want knowledge to direct his son to pass that 
ford which himself had wridden through. 2 ? 

But to continue the troublesomeness of Sir Thomas Smith. 28 King James died Ao. 1624, and 
on the nth April, 1625, the Duke of Buckingham 2 ? writes to the Judges to make report to him, in 
William Smith's and Sir James Hamilton's case, that he might inform the King thereof, which they 
did in the same manner as the Commissioners for Irish affairs before had done (in Ao. 1611), viz : 
That Smith should be left to the law in Ireland, and herein the said James Montgomery was agent, 

than his office, this Monument erected, destinating it to herself, 
their children, and posterity. He lived years seventy-six, died the 
12 of Decemb,, 1626." Strype, Life of Sir Thomas Smith, pp. 

516 Grand Office. This Grand Office or Inquisition was 
held, in consequence of "divers causes and controversies, 
which had longe depended, or bine stirred, or mooved, 
betweene lord viscount Motmtgomerye, lord viscount 
Claneboye, sir Henry Pyerce, sir Robert M'Leland, sir 
Moyses Hill, Donnell O'Neale, son and heir of Con 
O'Neale, esq., John Hamelton, James Cathcarte, William 
Edmunston, Michael White, and others, as competitors for 
or concerninge the said Con O'Neale's late estate and posses- 
sions, or some parte of them, in the said countye of Down, 
wherein each of them did severally pretende to have severall 
interests or title." The Commission for holding this 
investigation was granted, as the author states, principally 
at the urgent request, and for the security, of the first vis- 
count Montgomery of the Ards, who appears to have had 
the greatest interest at stake. The Inquisition was held 
at Downpatrick, commencing on the I3th of October, 1623, 
and the report of the Commission was delivered into Chan- 
cery on the 22nd of June, 1624. The Commissioners, five 
of whom acted, were sir John Blenerhasset, sir Wm. 
Parsons, sir Thos. Hibbots, sir Christopher Sibthorpe, sir 
Wm. Sparke, sir Wm. Rives, Nathaniel Cataline, Rich- 
ard West, Walter Ivers, Peter Clinton, and Stephen 
Allen. The jurors, fifteen of whom served, were Nicho- 
las Warde, of Castlewarde, esq. ; George Russell, of 
Rathmullen, gent. ; Richard Russell, of Rossglass, gent. ; 
Simon Jordan, of Dunsforde, gent. ; Owen McRowry, 
of Clogher, gent. ; Robert Swords, of Rathcalpe, gent. ; 
Patrick McCarton, of Ballekin, gent. ; Patrick M 'Coil- 
muck, of Killscolban, gent. ; George Russell, of Quoniams- 
town, gent. ; Fardoroghe Magneys, of Clonvoroghan, gent, ; 
Owen M 'Carton, of Lyssnynny, gent. ; John Russell, of 
Killoghe, gent. ; James Audley, of Audlestowne, gent. ; 
Bryan M'Ever Magneis, of Shanker, gent. ; and Shane 
M 'Bryan, of Ballintegart, gent. The task imposed 
on these gentlemen commissioners and jurors alike 
was such as needed the exercise of more than ordi- 
nary patience and discretion. It required the examination 
of many witnesses, and of innumerable papers. It implied 
a thorough investigation respecting ^r.r/, the titles and 
boundaries of the lands claimed by the several disputants 
above-mentioned ; secondly, the castles, lands, tenements, 
rectories, tithes, advowsons, glebes, fisheries, and other 

hereditaments, belonging to the monasteries of Bangor, 
Greyabbey, Movilla, Black Abbey, Comber, and the 
priories of Newton and Holiwood ; thirdly, the spiritual 
lands, tithes, and advowsons, in the territories of Upper 
Clannaboy and the Great Ards, previously granted to James 
Hamilton, with all others in the same territories ; fourthly, 
the bishop's lands, the glebe lands, and the several 
incumbents' and vicars' maintenances, allotted to them 
for their cures from the temporal lands ; fifthly, the 
impropriate tithes and impropriate rectories in the Upper 
Clannaboy and the Great Ardes ; sixthly, the bounds 
of every parish, as far as they could be discovered ; 
and, seventhly, what castles, lordships, manors, lands, 
religious houses, rectories, tithes, fishings, and other 
hereditaments, as well spiritual as temporal, belonged to 
the lord viscount Montgomery, lord viscount Clannaboy, 
sir Foulke Conway, and the several other claimants above- 
named. Inquisition of 1623 ; Calendar of Patent Rolls, 
Joe. L, p. 250, a. In Erck's Account of 'the Ecclesiastical 
^Establishment subsisting in Ireland, p. 30, the author has 
the following reference to this Inquisition: "It may be 
observed, however, that the commission contains very little 
information relative to the property of the bishop and clergy 
of the diocese of Down ; for the commissioners themselves, 
being the claimants of the possessions of these monasteries 
under patent from King James not only concealed, as it 
would seem, but usurped upon the spiritual lands, glebes, 
tithes, and advowsons of the greater part of the livings in 
those districts, which of right belonged to the bishops and 
clergy." The possessions of the religious houses above- 
named belonged, with slight exceptions, to the viscount 
Ards and Clannaboy, so that the Commissioners could not 
have been influenced by the motives here ascribed to them 
by Dr. Erck. 

a ? Wridden through. The letter of sir Hugh Montgo- 
mery here described is probably still in existence, as the 
author evidently had preserved it with great care, and does 
not class it among those other documents which had been 
lost in his sudden removal to Scotland in 1689, or de- 
stroyed by the fire at Rosemount in 1695. 

25 Sir Thomas Smith. The son and successor of sir 
William above-mentioned. 

29 Duke of Buckingham. This was the great duke, or 
prime favourite of James I. and Charles I., assassinated 
in 1626. His duchess re-married in 1635 with 
Randal Macdonnell, second earl and first marquis of 



for I have a letter dated from Bangor, 4th November, 1625, to him, signed J. Clanneboy (who was 
then possessed of Killileagh) advising him to consult Sir James Fullerton, &c., in the business against 
Smith, for James Montgomery was then going to Court about it, 30 his father, some months or days 
before that time, being created Lord Viscount, for his patent was prior to the said Clanneboys, and 
so henceforth I must stile him the first Lord Viscount Montgomery.3* 

The 3oth April, 1626, Sir William Smith, in a new petition, complains against the Viscount 
Montgomery, and prays orders to stop the letters patent to him for any lands; and obtained warrants 
of Council, dated May and June next following, requiring the said Lord Viscount to appear before 
some English Lords authorised to report their cases, that both his Lordship and Smith might be 
heard ; which orders were served on James Montgomery, as agent to his father ; but the said agent 
being then Gentleman Usher of the Privy Chamber in ordinary to King Charles, Hamilton petitioned 
his Majesty, setting forth that Sir Thomas and Sir William Smith's cases (both in the late King's 
time and in the beginning of his Majesty's reign) were adjudged to be left to the law in Ireland; and 
that no stop was put to the passing the respective patents, in behalf of the Lord Chichester, the 
Lord Claneboys, or Foulk Conway,3 2 thereupon, A.D. 1626, 2 Car., said Lord Montgomery's patent 
for his lands, conform to Abercorn's award, was ordered by the King to be passed, under the broad 
seal of Ireland, which bears date 33 

30 Going to Court about it. The labours of James 
Montgomery at this important crisis were most serviceable 
in protecting the interests of sir Hugh, his father, and sir 
James Hamilton. These services were afterwards acknow- 
ledged by his father, in the shape of a very substantial 
grant of lands in the Ards and Castlereagh, and were, 
indeed, considered so eminent, that the author referred to 
them in the inscription on his father's monument in 

3 1 First Lord Viscount Montgomery. The patent creat- 
ing Hugh Montgomery viscount Montgomery of the Great 
Ards is dated 3rd May 20 James I. (1622) (Calendar, p. 
552, b}. This honour was accompanied with a fee or 
stipend of ^13 6s. 8d. Irish, payable out of the customs 
of Dublin. The next day James Hamilton was created 
viscount Clandeboy, with a like stipend, payable out of 
the customs of Dublin (Calendar, p. 552, a). The 
first viscount Montgomery's patent declared that such 
dignity was conferred ' ' on account of his many and great 
deserts," and of the assistance rendered by him in pacify- 
ing Clandeboye after rebellion, in the tumults of the 
peasants in Ulster ; also in pacifying of Ardes, towards 
the increase of the restored religion, and towards the 
obedience of the peasants to us." In this patent he is 
styled " our dear and faithful Hugh Montgomery of 
Braidstane, in our kingdom of Scotland." Mrs. E. G. 
S. Reilly, Genealogical History, p. 41. See a copy of the 
Latin original in Lodge's Peerage, 4 vol. edit., vol. i., 

P- 363- 

3 2 Or Foulk Comvay. As these estates were all portions 
of the vast grant to the Smiths, and as the owners had 
obtained their respective patents without trouble, it ap- 
peared evident that there were no other or better grounds 
for disputing viscount Montgomery's claim to his lands. 
Sir William Smith " complained against the viscount 
Montgomery, and prayed orders to stop the letters patent 

to him for any lands," from the fact, no doubt, that Mont- 
gomery had possession of a large portion of the Ards, on 
which the Smiths had originally set their affections, and 
in connexion with which sir Thomas Smith had ex- 
pended ten thousand pounds. Although his grant from 
Elizabeth included large tracts in the county of Antrim, 
sir Thomas, probably, never intended to attempt colonising 
any other territory than the Ards. On Essex's arrival at 
Carrickfergus in 1573, Smith consented to give up Belfast, 
Massareene, Castle Mowbray, and Castle Toome, in the 
county of Antrim, on the condition of his being firmly 
secured in the possession of the Ardes. A memorandum 
to this effect was preserved by Essex, dated 26th May, 
1573. Hamilton's Calendar of Stale Papers, vol. i., p. 
507. But the total breach of the original contract on the 
part of the Smiths (see p. 71, supra) abolished their claim 
to the Ards no less than to the other districts included in 
their grant. All the lands thus became equally vested in 
the Crown, and were granted by James I., on the same 
conditions to Chichester, Conway, Hamilton, and others. 
If any claim to the Ards could have been established in 
favour of sir William Smith, it must have been as against 
sir James Hamilton, in whose name the grant from the 
Crown of the Upper Clannaboy and the Great Ards had 
been made. 

33 Which bears date. The date of this new patent is 
nth October, 1626. In the king's letter, issued on the 
pth of August preceding, there is the following passage : 
"We are graciously pleased, in pursuance of what our 
dear father of blessed memory was pleased to do, in con- 
sideration of the good and faithful service done by the now 
viscount Montgomery of the Ards, to grant unto him, his 
heirs and assigns, all such manors, townships, and lands, 
spiritual and temporal, as were conveyed, or mentioned 
and intended to be conveyed, unto him by the now viscount 
Claneboye, or by Con O'Neale, or by any others, by force 



Moreover, to the Lord Montgomery further trouble arose. For I find there was a decree in 
Chancery the i2th December, 1626, touching underwoods and timber; whereby the Lord Mont- 
gomery was to have those growing in Slutevils34 and Castlereagh, as should be awarded or recovered 
from Francis Hill, So the reader may observe, that from the date of the tripartite indenture 

of any grant, assignment, contract, or other assurance 
whatsoever, with all the rights, members, and appurten- 
ances thereunto belonging, which by office (Inquisition) 
have been found to be parcels of the possessions aforesaid, 
as they were formerly conveyed by letters patent heretofore 
made unto the said viscount Claneboys; the which grant, 
by the advice of our officers and counsel learned here, we 
have caused to be prepared in a bill, under our hand 
revised, corrected, and made ready for the sealing here, 
which upon further consideration, we have been pleased 
to transfer into Ireland." This letter authorised also the 
granting to viscount Montgomery the right of establishing 
a ferry to Scotland at Donaghadee, and the issuing of 
pardons to sir Hugh Montgomerie for liberating the larde 
of Colleyn, and to the larde for killing William Invine, 
then a rebel and fugitive. Calendar of Patent Rolls, 
Joe. /., p. 312 b. The patent obtained in pursuance 
of this letter regrants to the first viscount all the lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments in the territory of Upper 
Clannaboy and the Great Ards which he had received 
from James Hamilton and Con O'Neill, including the 
sites, circuits, precincts, and possessions of Greyabbey, 
Blackabbey, Movilla, Comber in part, and the priory 
of Newton : " Excepting all lands within the ter- 
ritory of Slut Neale and the town of Ballymartenagh 
alias Ballymarten, under such special tenures and increase 
of rent for the residue as in the bill are contained; also 
excepting the port of Ballyvvalter, and all other ports and 
creeks formerly granted to the viscount Claneboye, and all 
lands and tenements belonging to the same viscount, sir 
Fulk Conway, sir Moyses Hill, or John Hamilton." 
Morrin's Calendar of Pat. Rolls of Charles I,, pp. 129, 131. 
This patent is printed in Appendix F. The parties here men- 
tioned as holding lands specially reserved, had purchased 
their property in Castlereagh from Con O'Neale. On the 
24th of December, 1609, sir Fulk Conway of Killultagh, 
governor of Carrickfergus, obtained a lease from Con, for 
21 years of the two townlands of Dunconnor and Bally- 
money, in the territory of Slutneale, at the rent of l 
sterl. for each towne, which rent was released to sir Fulk 
by Con, on the 1 3th January, 1609. On the yth of November, 
1615, Con sold to sir Fulk, the above two townlands of 
Ballydunconnor alias Ballynefeagh, and Ballynamoney alias 
Lisderry, in consideration of 100 pounds sterling, yielding 
to the king, yearly, eleven shillings, the rateable charge 
which Con's other lands bore to the king's service. Thomas 
Hibbots sold the town and lands of Ballynafeagh, (received 
by grant from Con O'Neill), to sir Fulk, on the 7th of 
April, 1619, for the sum of ^125. The record of these 
transactions is described in the margin of our copy of 
the Inquisition of 1623 as not being in the Manuscript, 
and was, therefore, probably supplied from papers in the 
possession of Dean Dobbs. Sir Fulke Conway's grant 
from James I. (1610) recites the towns and lands of 
Ballilargymore, Ballinmullane alias Ballynmullagh, Bally- 
tooleconnell, and Ballyomullan alias Ballyomulvallegh, 
parcel of the estate of Neal McBrian Fertagh O'Neale, 

or his father, Brian Fertagh. Calendar of Patent Rolls 
of James L , p. 146, b. By an Inquisition held at Down- 
patrick, on the 9th of August, 1625, it was found that sir 
Fulke Conway of Lisnegarvagh (now Lisburn), had died 
on the 4th of November, 1624, and that at the time of 
his death he held the following portions of ' ' Sleught 
McNeale's country in the county of Down viz., Bally- 
lorganmoore, O'Mullacrannagh, O'Ballynelan, O'Bally- 
tooleconnell, Lisnakeaghan, O'Carroconecrawle, Bally- 
mallhan, Herrenagh, Doone, Mullacrant, half of Brogn- 
echy, Drane, Aghaskelge, Ballytaghbricke, and Bally- 
tene." Inquisitions, Down, no. I, Car. I. In 1609, 
sir Foulke was styled of Eneshallogane, which was a for- 
tified position, afterwards known as Innislaughlin, in the 
vicinity of Moira, the ruins of which were visible a few 
years ago. Ulster Journal, vol. -nil., p. 79, note. The 
following lands were in possession of sir Moses Hill at the 
date of his death, roth Feb., 1630: Ballynagnockan, now 
Ballyknockan, parish of Saintfield; Ballybrinan, now Bally- 
macbrennan, parish of Drumbo;Ballyclogher, nowClogher, 
do.; Ballycrossan, now Crossan, do,; Ballycreweh, now 
Creevy, do.; Ballicardganan, now Ballycarngannon, do.; 
Ballydromeboe, now Drumbo, do. ; Balligrombegg, now 
Drumbeg; Ballineganwye; Ballylisnarean, now Lisnas- 
harrah; Bally liscromelaghan; Ballyloghgar, now Creevy- 
loghgar, parish of Saintfield; Listooder, 
parish of Saintfield; Ballytempleblarisse, now Blaris, 
parish of Blaris ; Ballycreignesassanagh, now Craigh- 
nasonagh, parish of Saintfield; Ballycargeenneveigh, now 
Carricknaveigh, parish of Killaney; Ballihaliske; Balli- 
dromveyne, now Drumgivin, parish of Kilmore; Balline- 
feigh, now Ballynafoy, parish of Knockbreda; Ballilisne- 
broyne, now Lisnabreeny, parish of Knockbreda ; Balli- 
crevine, now Crossnacreevy, parish of Comber; Ballicre- 
gogie, now Cregagh, parish of Knockbreda; Ballicastle- 
reagh, now Castlereagh, parish of Knockbreda. Inquis. 
Down, nos. 29, 53, 86, Car. I. Daniel O'Neill had an 
annuity of 6% out of the lands abovenamed. The lands 
were held by the tenure of free and common soccage. 
Con's sales to sir Moses Hill were not originally recorded 
in the Inquisition of 1623, but the record of them is said 
to have been supplied to that document. John Hamilton, 
whose lands are also excepted from viscount Montgomery's 
grant, held the two townlands of Ballylenoghan alias 
Ballyderrymore, and Ballydunregan, also the quarter of 
MacEnespicks, as parcel of Ballylenoghan. Inquisition of 
1623. These lands were held by sir Moses Hill, in 1630, 
and had been purchased from Hamilton. 

3+ Slutevils. This is a misprint for Slutneills. 

35 Francis Hill, Esq. Francis Hill was son of Peter 
Hill, and grandson of sir Moses. By his wife, Ursula 
Stafford, daughter of sir Francis Stafford, of Portglenone, 
Francis Hill left one son Randal, who died young, and 
three daughters, viz., Ann, Rose, and Penelope. He 
died on the 7th of February, 1637, at which date his 
daughter Ann was six years and six months old ; Rose five 
years and five months ; and Penelope two years and ten 


ulto. April, 3d Jac. Ao. 1605, till December, 163 3,36 there arose many difficulties between Sir James 
Hamilton and Sir Hugh Montgomery (Viscount i623>,37 occasioned by that ominous and fatal inter- 
position of Sir James Fullerton aforesaid, and chiefly by the clause he procured to be inserted in 
the letter of warrant^ 8 dated April, 3d Jac. Ano. 1605, whereby Mr Hamilton was nominated as the 
only person in whose name alone the letters patent for Con's estate and the abbey lands in upper 
Claneboy 3 ^ and the great Ards were to be remembered. 

Yet in all my reach of papers and enquiry of knowing more, I cannot find or hear what became 
of Sir James Fullerton, or of his posterity, or whether he died childless/ there being none of that 

months. His wife re-married with sir George Rawdon or 
Reydon. At the time of his death, he held a castle, 
manor, and the following lands, viz. , Ballycastlereagh, 
Ballybronell, Ballymaconaghie, Ballylisnabruny, Crossna- 
crynan, alias Crossnycryvan, Cregoge, Monafaghoge, alias 
Monakoghige, Carrownemucke, Ballycarnagarren, alias 
Ballycarngannon, Ballycarrickmadery, Ballycarrickne- 
veagh, Ballylisdrumlaghan alias Lisbane, Annagh, Bal- 
liclontinakally, Ballymacbrennan, Ballinekay, Ballylissin- 
creane, Ballycrossan, Ballyblaris, Ballytullynecrosse, Bally - 
in the county of Down. Inquisitions, Down, no. 86, Car. 
/. Francis Hill dying without an heir male, the family 
estates were inherited by his uncle, Arthur, youngest son of 
sir Moses. Ann, eldest daughter of Francis, married 
Moses, eldest son of Arthur, who was a lieutenant-colonel 
in the army, and after the Restoration represented the 
borough of Drogheda. She re-married with Patrick 
Sheridan, bishop of Cloyne, and died in 1683. Her 
youngest sister, Penelope, married sir Robert Colville of 
Newton, and died in 1693. Archdall's Lodge, Irish. 
Peerage, vol. ii. , p. 326 ; Funeral Entry oj Hill Colville, 
in Ulster's office. 

3 s December; 1633. This was the date of an attempt 
made by arbitrators to arrange the disputes between 
viscounts Montgomeiy and Clannaboy. But the articles of 
agreement then drawn up and signed were not fulfilled by 
the latter, so that new legal proceedings were commenced 
against Hamilton by the first viscount Montgomery, and 
his eldest son Hugh, which continued until the breaking 
out of the rebellion in 1641. See infra. 

37 Viscount 1623. The date of the patent is 3rd May, 
2o Tames I. 

3 Letter of "warrant. See p. 33, supra. 

39 Upper Claneboy. For the ancient and modern sub- 
divisions of upper or southern Clannaboy, see pp. 3S> 3^> 
supra. This territory has been noticed by Sir Thomas 
Cusake, lord chancellor of Ireland, in his well-known letter, 
dated 2nd May, 1552, and addressed to the duke of North- 
umberland. His words are as follow: " The next coun- 
trye to Arde is Clannebooy, wherein isoneMoriortagh Dul- 
enaghe, one of the Neyles, who hath the same as captayne 
of Clannebooy. But he is not able to maintayne the same. 
He hath eight tall gentlemen to his sonnes and all they 
cannot make past xxiiii horsemen. There is another 
sept in that countrye of Phelim Backagh his sonnes, 
tall men which take part with Hughe McNeille Oge, 
till now of late that certain refused him and went to knock- 
fergus." Brewer's Calendar of the Car ew Manuscripts, p. 
242. In 1575, when sir Henry Sydney visited Ulster, the 
territory of Upper Clanneboy was held by Nial, son of 

Brian Fagartach, and father of Con. This chieftain also 
ruled the adjoining territory of the Dufferin, which Sydney 
found "all wast and desolate, vsed as they of Clandeboy 
list." "In the Streights of this countrie (the Dufferin), 
Neill Mac Brian Ertaugh, made Capten of Clandeboy by 
the Earle of Essex, shewed his Force, and refused, though, 
upon Protecion, to come to me, yet that Day he offered 
me no Skirmishe. " Sydney afterwards states that he "was 
offered Skirmishe by MacNeill Brian Ertaugh, at my 
passage over the Water of Belfast." The Sidney Letters 
and Memorials of State, vol. i. , p. 76. From Marshal 
Bagenal's Description of Ulster, written in 1586, we quote 
the following reference to southern Clannaboy: "Southe 
Clandeboy is for the most parte a woodland, and reacheth 
from the Diffrin to the River of Knockfergus; the Capten 
of it Sir Con McNeil Oig O'Nele, who in the tyme that 
th' Erie of Essex attempted this coun trey was prisoner in the 
castle of Dublin, together with his nephew, Hughe McPhe- 
lim, capten of North Clandeboy, by meane whereof Sir 
Brian McPhelim (younger brother to Hughe), did then 
possesse bothe the countries. The Southe parte is now 
able to make 40 horsmen and 80 footemen." Ulster 
Journal of Archeology, vol. ii., p. 154. Ten years later, 
the district appears to have been pretty much in the same 
condition, at least it is so represented by a writer whose 
name is not known, and whose account of it is copied to 
some extent from Marshal Bagenal's Description. The 
following notice occurs in a MS. belonging to the Lambeth 
Library, written about the year 1597, and quoted in 
Dubourdieu's Antrim, p. 629: "South Clandeboy is for 
the most part a woodland, and reacheth from the Duffryn 
to the river of Knockfergus. The captain of this tract 
is Neill MacBryan Flain ; his chief house is Castle Reaglr. 
The country is able to make forty horsemen and eighty 
footmen. " 

< Died childless. This want of information respecting 
sir James Fullerton arose from the fact that no account of 
his life has been written, nor were there any printed notices 
of him, so far as we can ascertain, prior to Dr. Birch's 
Life of Prince Henry of Wales. Sir James Fullerton's 
services in the royal household were such as to require 
some passing notices, at least from the biographer of 
prince Henry. Fullerton appears to have been brought 
from his distinguished position in Dublin to be a sort of 
guide, philosopher, and friend to the prince. He "died 
childless," as appears from his will. See p. 30, supra. 
Fullerton, although a courtier in his later days, retained 
to the last his love for the studies which had occupied his 
early life. In Hume's Grammatica Nova, part ii., p. 15, 
there is the following reference to his scholarship : 
"Hoc saxum (i.e., a grammatical difficulty) cum din ^ol' 



sirname (that I can learn) in Scotland, above the degree of a gentleman/ 1 only I read in Bishop 
Ussher's life, that he lies in St. Erasmus Chapel,-* 2 where that Primate was buried. & 

There arose also difficulties (after December, 1633,) between the first and second Viscount 
Montgomery^, plaintiffs, and the Lord Claneboys, defendant, concerning the articles of agreement 

vissem, tandem incidi in Jacobum Futtertonum, virum 
doctum, et in omni discipline, satis exercitatnm. Cum eo 
rent disceptavi," &>c. See also Leochad Epigram, pp. 
23 48. Sir James always treated his early teacher, 
Andrew Melville, with marked respect and friendship. 
M'Crie's Life of Andrew Melville, vol. ii., p. 294, note; 
see also pp. 410, 530. 

** Above the degree of a gentleman. The author here 
mentions a circumstance not less true than curious viz. , 
that, of the many Fullertons in Scotland, not one, with 
the exception of sir James, had risen in rank above the 
degree of gentleman. The family of Fullerton, although 
really one of the most respectable in Scotland, does not 
appear, at any time in its long history, to have been 
ambitious of the distinction which mere titles are able to 
confer. When it first attracts the notice of Scottish an- 
nalists under the name of MacLeosaigh, Maclowis, and 
Macleod, it occupied a high social position, but not better 
than it does at the present day. The oldest branches are 
undoubtedly those of Arran and Dundonald, the former 
being founded by Leosaigh, a Norwegian settler in that 
island, who came about the time of Haco's expedition in 
1263 ; and the latter by Alan de Fowlertoun, who died in 
1280, and was probably a brother of the former. The 
lineal descendant of the first Maclowis or Fullerton of 
Arran is the present Captain Archibald Fullerton of 
Kilmichael, in that island, who holds a curious and exten- 
sive collection of family charters. His ancestor first ob- 
tained a grant of these lands from Robert Bruce for certain 
faithful services rendered to that hero on his arrival in 
Arran from Rathlin in the spring of 1306-7 ; and, although 
the original charter is not known now to exist, there is 
one of 1391, from Robert III., which confirms to Fergus 
of Foulertoun all the lands specified in the first given by 
Robert Bruce. This second grant was succeeded by a 
third, in 1400, from Robert III., to John of Foulertoun ; 
by a fourth, in 1427, from James I. to John Maclouis or 
Maclowy; by a. fifth, in 1511, from the earl of Arane to 
Fergus Fowlertoune, the son and heir of Alan Fowler- 
toune or Maclowe ; by a sixth, in 1523, from the same 
earl, to Alexander, nephew and heir of the deceased 
Alan ; by a seventh, in 1563, from James Hamilton, son 
of James, duke of Chaltellaraut, to Alan Mackloy ; by 
an eighth, in 1572, from James VI.; and by a ninth, in 
1 590, from James, earl of Arran, to Allan, lard Maclowy. 
The representative of this family was hereditary coroner 
of Arran, and his perquisites, as such, in the eighteenth 
century, were a firlot of meal and a lamb from every 
towne in the island. Origines Parochiales Scotia, vol. ii., 
pp. 248, 249; Ulster Journal of Arcluzology, vol. ix., pp. 
99, 319; Martin's Western Isles, pp. 223, 224. George 
Fullerton of Fullerton, in Dundonald, Ayrshire, is the 
twenty-fourth in descent from the founder of this branch. 
The Fullertons, of Fullerton, intermarried, in their gene- 
rations, with the families of Wallace of Craigie, Maxwell 
of Nether Pollok, Blair of Adamtoun, Hamilton of 
Bothwellhaugh, Lockhart of Boghall, Mure of Rowallan, 
Cunningham of Cunninghamhead, Cunningham of Glen- 

cairn, Brisbane of Bishoptoun, Gray of Warristoun, 
Cleland of Cleland, Craufurd of Restalrig, Blair of Blair, 
Mackay of Reay, Fairlie of Fairlie, Stewart of Ascog in 
Bute, and many others in the same highly respectable rank. 
From about the year 1500 the principal family residence 
of the Fullertons was Fullerton House, which, in 1805, was 
sold to the duke of Portland. Paterson, Parishes and 
Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., pp. 12 20. The Fuller- 
tons in the county of Antrim are traditionally said to have 
come from Arran about the year 1603, with the first earl 
of Antrim, who was known as Randal-na-Aran, from the 
fact of his previous residence in that island. The first 
settlers, named Fullerton, on the Antrim coast, appear, in 
some instances, to have enjoyed the rank of country 
gentry; but, generally, they were of the respectable 
farmer class, above which they have not since, with only 
one or two exceptions, aspired. William Fullerton, a 
country gentleman, was distinguished, in 1641, for his 
gallant conduct in assisting to hold the castle of Ballintoy 
against the Irish. One of his descendants in the eighteenth 
century, having realised a large fortune, as a physician, in 
Jamaica, purchased the Ballintoy estate for 20,000, soon 
after it had been sold by the Stewarts. Having no family, 
he bequeathed his property to his niece, Catherine Ful- 
lerton, who married Dawson Downing of Rowesgift and 
Bellaghy, in the county of Londonderry, and whose son, 
according to her uncle's will, assumed the name and arms 
of Fullerton. This son, named George Alexander (after 
both her father and uncle), was born in the Mansion- 
House at Ballycastle, in 1775, and died at Tockington 
Manor, Gloucestershire, in 1847. His eldest son, named 
Alexander George Fullerton, was born in 1808, and in 
1833, married the Lady Georgiana Leveson Gower, second 
daughter of the late earl Grenville. Their only son, born 
in 1834, died in 1855, just as he had attained his majo- 
rity, and the family estates are inherited by his cousin. 
Family MS. 

" 2 St. Erasmus Chapel. "During the second half of the 
1 5th century, there existed in Westminister Abbey a 
chapel dedicated to St. Erasmus, founded by Elizabeth 
Woodville, wife of Edward IV., on a portion of the site 
since occupied by Henry VII's chapel, to make way for 
which exquisite edifice, it, (St. Erasmus Chapel), together 
with the Lady Chapel built by Henry III., was pulled 
down about the year 1 500. It seems scarcely probable that 
there were two chapels of St. Erasmus within the precincts 
of the abbey at the same time. On the demolition of 
Elizabeth Woodville's chapel, it would, no doubt, be con- 
sidered necessary to dedicate some other part of the abbey 
to St. Erasmus, and accordingly I am of opinion that the 
entrance portion of St. John the Baptists' chapel was so 
named and set apart; the narrow dimensions of the place 
being compensated by its special architectural beauty, and 
the abundance of colour and decoration bestowed upon it. " 
Notes and Queries, October 20, 1866, p. 320. 

43 Primate was buried. The life of Ussher here men- 
tioned is no doubt that which was written by Dr. Richard 
Parr, his chaplain, 



made i7th December, 1633,44 not being fully performed to the Lord Montgomery (ufdiatur},vfhich 
ended not till the rebellion in Ireland began 1641, verifying the Latin adage, Inter Anna Silent 
Leges. So I find that many are the troubles of the righteous, but the Lord delivereth them out of 
them all. 45 

All which differences sirceasing that last named year, and so were sedated, or buried, or for- 
gotten, that they were never stirred up again, I shall therefore leave no memory of the Mont* 
gomerys' losses therein by mentioning them either by word or writing, because of the love and 
kind deference now among us, all Montgomerys and the Hamiltons of that family ;4 6 but now I will 
readress myself to the narrative of the said Lord Montgomery, only (as in parenthesis) I here 
insert that Con, the ist January, 1616, made a deed purporting a lease unto Ellis Nyneil,47 his wife, 

44 Made I'jth December 1633. These articles of agree- 
ment will be best explained by the following extract from 
an Inquisition held at Killileagh,, on the I4th January, 
1644: "The jurors further say that there was a certain 
deed or writing mentioned, bearing date the igth of Aug. 
1635, executed and perfected in due form of law, between 
the late viscount Claneboy and the late viscount Montgo- 
mery, and shown in evidence to the jurors, the tenor of 
which is in these words Whereas by Articles of Agree- 
ment made in anno 1633 between the Rt. Hon. Hugh lord 
viscount Montgomery and sir James Montgomery second 
son of the said lord viscount of the one part, and the Rt. 
Hon. James lord viscount Claneboy of the other part, it 
was fully concluded and agreed upon by and between the 
parties [ ] townes and lands of Ballydulloghan, 

Ballycowan, Ballynelessan, Ballynecarne, Ballyaghlish, 
Douneagh, Ballyclogher, and Lisnegnoe, whereof each of 
the lord viscounts possessed one half should [ ] 

to be chosen by the said lord viscounts, be cast into two 
entire parts and divided by lot between them [ ] 

the same by writing as by the said indented Articles may 
appear; viscount Montgomery having declared himself to 
have the said division made, and for that purpose having 
appointed John Montgomery of Movilla, Thomas Kennedy 
of Cumber, Alexander Crawford of [ ] and Hugh 

Calderwood of the same upon his parte to make ye said 
division, and viscount Claneboy having in like manner, 
appointed Gawen Rea of Lisnetra, Gawen Hamilton of 
Ballymenaustragh (Ballyrftonestragh), John Robb of Car- 
rowreagh, and John Mitchell of Ballyhackawe (Ballyhacka- 
more?) upon his part, for the same division; attending to 
the purport of the articles, the said dividers having divided 
all the said townes, and the meares and bounds of the same, 
together with the qualitie and quantitie thereof, have cast 
them into these two distinct moyties following, viz., the 
said towne of B.dulloghan and the said towne of B. cowan 
and so much of the said towne of B.nelessan by and next 
unto the said towne of B. cowan as was heretofore bounded 
by the said dividers, and is now again by them, the day of 
the date of these presents, perambulated and set out in 
presence of the said lords viscounts and many others, for 
one full moitie of all the said townes of B.dulloghan, 
B. cowan, B.nelessan, B.carney, B.aghlish, B.clogher, 
Downeagh, and Lisnegnoe; and the said townes of B.agh- 
lish, B.clogher, Downeagh, Lisnegnoe, and the remain- 
der of the said townes of [ ] next unto the said towne 
of B.carney to be the other full moitie of all the said 
townes : the remainder of the said towne of B.nelessan, by 

and next unto the said towne of B. carney, bounded as afore- 
said, to be the lott and moitie of lord viscount Mont- 
gomery." With this division the two viscounts for 
themselves and their heirs expressed themselves contented. 
In witness whereof they "interchangeably put their hands 
and seals the igth day of August, 1633," in presence of 
J. Garthland and Paul Rainalds. This extract from the 
Inquisition of 1634 is wanting in the copy printed in 
Ulster Inquisitions, p. , and also in the copy published 
in the Appendix to the Hamilton Manuscripts. 

45 Out of them all. In the course of these contentions, 
the disputants required to visit London, for the purpose, 
if possible, of arriving at that cessation of hostilities which 
was eventually forced upon them by the rebellion of 1641. 
The following passage from a letter of Thomas Coventry, 
the lord keeper, dated i8th August, 1637, and addressed 
to the lord deputy Wentworth, represents lord Clannaboy 
as having greater controul over his temper than lord 
Montgomery: "My lord Claneboye I did heretofore 
know, when he used to resort into England about the 
differences betwixt him and sir Hugh Montgomery, and 
observed him a wise discreet man, and much better 
tempered than the other." Stafford's Letters and Dis- 
fatches, vol. ii. p. 94. 

& Hamiltons of that family. Notwithstanding the im- 
proved state of feeling thus introduced by the course of 
events between the Montgomerys and Hamiltons, it is 
remarkable that very few marriage alliances occurred among 
any of the leading branches of these families. Indeed the 
only instance which suggests itself to us at this moment 
was the marriage of Hugh Montgomery of Ballymagown 
with Jane Hamilton, daughter of Hans Hamilton of Cam- 
sure, near Comber. This appears, in every respect, to 
have been a happy union, of which we shall hear the par- 
ticulars in a subsequent portion of the author's Manuscripts. 

47 Ellis Nyneil. The Inquisition of 1623 states, "We 
find a lease of Con O'Neale's to Ellis Neal his wife, 
and Hugh Boy O'Neale his son, of the lands of Bally- 
carngannon (in Drumbo parish), Bressage (in Saintfield 
parish), and Crevy (in Drumbo parish), dated the ist of 
June, 1616, for 101 years, at 8 shillings rent during said 
Con's life, and after his decease his wife to give as much 
to his heir during her life, and after her death, yielding 
20 shillings to his heir, out of every of the said town- 
lands. And we find the said Con did by indenture, 
dated and December, 1616, make a conveyance of said 
lands unto lord Claneboy and sir Moyses Hill, who have 
been in possession thereof ever since." These terms arc 



and unto Hugh Buy O'Neil, his son, of the townlands of Ballycargbreman, 48 Bressag, &c., delivered 
the deed to his said wife, for the use of his said son, being a child of five years old, and there present 
in the house ; also that the said Con had two brothers (whether uterin or by marriage I know not) 
viz: Tool O'Neil and Hugh Mergagh O'Neil, to each of whom he gave lands, and they sold their 
interest therein. 4 ? As for Con's other actions and dealings (because most of them were failures to the 
first Lord Montgomery) I bury them in silence and oblivion, 30 having occasion, hereafter, to write of 

described in our copy as "not in the Manuscript" from 
which it was transcribed. Ellis Nyneil was a namesake 
in full of the first countess of Antrim, and was most prob- 
ably related to her. She was the second wife of Con 
O'Neill, as their son Hugh was only five years of age in 
1616. Ellis was not old at the time of Con's death, 
for, in 1628 she remarried with Henry Savage of Ard- 
keen. She died in the following year. Her son Hugh 
Boy O'Neill must have died young, as the author men- 
tions that Daniel was old Con's only surviving off- 
spring. The name Ellis is now sometimes written Alice, 
and the form Nyneil, used in the text, implies that the 
lady was the daughter of an O'Neill, most probably one 
of the many chieftains which this race furnishes. 

48 Ballycargbreman, Ballycarngannon is the present 
form of this name, see note 35, supra. 

4 ' Their interest therein. The grants from Con O'Neale 
to these brothers are minutely described in the Inquisition 
of 1623: "We find that the said Con did by writing 
under hand and seal demise unto his brother, Hugh 
Mergagh O'Neale, the townes and lands of Ballynalessan, 
(whereof Tulloure is a quarter), Ballyaghley, Ballykille- 
nure, Ballycarricknasassanagh, Ballylistowdean, and the 
mill of Ballyknockan, for 99 years, to begin the 1st May, 
1606, at the rent of two shillings sterling, and the yearly 
rent proportionally due out of the same to the king, which 
lease is now lost, but was proved by several witnesses. 
And wee find that said Hugh Mergagh conveyed his interest 
in said lease to sir Fulk Con way, who, for these 17 years 
last past was, and is yet, in possession thereof. And wee 
find that the said Con did by said lease, demise to said 
Hugh Mergagh, the town and lands of Clontinakally, for 
the term, and under the rent aforesaid, who demised the 
same to sir Moyses Hill, and that sir Moyses Hill is in 
possession thereof, by virtue of said lease, and that said 
Hugh Mergagh did, by Indenture, dated 27th June, 1614, 
assign his interest in Clontinakally to sir Fulk Conway. 
Also that Edmund Barry is in possession of one quarter of 
Ballyknockan, demised to him by Hugh Mergagh from 
the said Con. Also, we find William Hamilton in pos- 
session of the half town of Crevilogan by lease from said 
Hugh Mergagh, paying IDS. yearly; also, a quarter of the 
town of Ballyknockan by lease from said Hugh Mergagh. 
We find the said Con O'Neale by deed, 23rd, July, 1610, 
demised unto Toole O'Neale, his brother, the three towns 
of Ballytannymore, Ballyrichard, Ballydughan, and half 
towne of Drumhirk, for the term of 21 years, paying 28 
shillings yearly." 

50 Silence and oblivion. Con's principal 'failure' to sir 
Hugh Montgomery was, doubtless, in the affair of the 
tripartite indenture, entered into by him with sir James 
Hamilton and sir Moses Hill, by which he conveyed away 
all his remaining estate excepting two townlands, and 
imposed great law expenses on sir Hugh, incurred by 

the latter in maintaining his prior claim to the purchase 
of said estate. Seep. 72, note 10, supra. Con, no doubt, 
like all others of his rank and class, being prohibited from 
taking up his rents in the old Irish fashion, was unable to 
collect them at all, and felt that he had no choice but to 
sell out, and thus free himself from the difficulties surround- 
ing him on all sides. And so he proceeded to sell with 
lavish haste until all was gone. In a very few years, he 
was landless, and had taken his departure from Castlereagh, 
the ancestral residence of his family. In 1609, we find 
him residing at " Dmonaregan, in the Upper Clannaboy," 
(probably the present Ballyrogan), and there selling to sir 
Fulk Conway of Eneshallogane in the county of 
Antrim (afterwards Innislaughlin, the name of a fort 
near Moira), four townlands in consideration of the sum 
of ^200. In 1 6 1 3, we find him at Ballyhennocke, probably 
the present Ballyhanwood, where "a chestnut coloured 
mare" was stolen from him, one Tirlagh Oge McBryne, 
being tried for the theft, and acquitted. Ulster Roll of 
Gaol Delivery, 1613 18, as printed in Ulster Journal of 
Archaology, vol. i., p. 261. In the year 1615, Con re- 
sided at Tullycarnan, where, on the 1st of November in 
that year, he demised unto Tool McCormick McDonnell 
McCormick O'Neill, the half towne of Kilduffe in Slut 
Neales, for eleven years, at the rent of twenty shillings. 
There now remained very little if any of the sixty-eight 
townlands conveyed to Con by James Hamilton, on the 
6th of November, 1605. These lands consisted of portions 
of the parishes of Drumbo, Knockbreda, Saintfield, Kil- 
more, Blaris, Lambeg, Killaney, and Comber ; they are 
nearly represented at the present day by the modern town- 
lands of Ballyknockan, Ballyagherty, Ballymacbrennan, 
Ballycowan, Ballycarn, Clogher, Crossan, Cargacroy, 
Creevy, Ballycarngannon, Ballydollaghan, Drumbo, Dur- 
ramore, Lisnabreeny, Ballylenaghan, Ballynahatty, Lisna- 
nasharragh, Creevyloghgare, Listooder, Mealough, Ballyna- 
vally, Ballyskeagh, Drumbeg, Blaris, Tullywasnacunnagh, 
Carricknaveigh, Craignasasonagh, Cahard, Ballydyan, 
Drumgivin, Duneight, Breda, Ballynafoy, Lisnabreeny, 
Ballymacarrett, Crossnacreevy, Ballyrushboy, Galwally, 
and Castlereagh. Con died prior to 1621, as in that year 
he is spoken of as deceased. His death is supposed to have 
occurred about the year 1618, at Holywood; and he is 
also said to have been buried in the little churchyard of 
Bailie O'Meachan, now Ballymaghan, a townland in the 
south of Holywood parish. Of this place Dr. Reeves 
states, Eccles. Antiquities, p, 12: "There are no remains 
of the church or churchyard now to be seen, but it is known 
that they occupied the ground at present under the orchard 
which belongs to the Moat House. At the building of 
this house several of the ancient tombstones were employed 
for architectural purposes, and one which was set in the 
wall of an adjacent office house is still exposed to view." 
This stone is now in the Belfast Museum, and is supposed 


his only surviving issue, Daniel O'Neil, Esq.* 1 who, Ao. 1641, attempted (as the Smiths aforesaid had 

to have originally marked the grave of a priest in the 
burying-ground of Ballymaghan. Con is always spoken 
of in the traditions of the district as the ould King. As 
no trace of his grave can now be seen, so neither does a 
vestige of his castle remain. About the year 1809 it was 
utterly demolished, and the stones of the fine old ruin used 
in building a wall around the site on which it had stood ! 
It is traditionally said in the neighbourhood, that the 
English settlers there called this castle the Eagle's Nest ; 
but whether because of its elevated position, or its peculiar 
appearance from the surrounding farms, we know not. 
The common story, which ascribes its demolition to the 
stupidity of a stone-mason, is not at all probable, not even 

s i Daniel O'Neill, Esq. Daniel O'Neill must have 
been born about the year 1603, as, at the time of his 
death in 1663, he was supposed to be sixty years of age. 
In his youth he became &protegl of Charles I., who pro- 
bably pitied him on account of the ruin of his once power- 
ful family; and he, in return, continued a devoted royalist 
through all the trying times for royalty until its restoration 
in 1660, when he received several lucrative appointments. 
Of him, Clarendon has recorded the following interest- 
ing particulars: "Daniel O'Neile (who was in subtilty 
and understanding much superior to the whole nation of 
the old Irish,) had long laboured to be of the bed-chamber 
to the king. He was very well known in the court, hav- 
ing spent many years between that and the Low Countries, 
the winter seasons in the one, and the summer always in 
the army in the other ; which was as good an education 
towards advancement in the world as that age knew. And 
he had a fair reputation in both climates, having a compe- 
tent fortune of his own to support himself without depen- 
dence or beholdingness, and a natural insinuation and ad- 
dress, which made him acceptable in the best company. 
And he was a great observer and discerner of men's natures 
and humours, and was very dexterous in compliance where 
he found it useful. As soon as the first troubles began in 
Scotland, he had, with the first, the command of a troop 
of horse ; to which he was by all men held to be very 
equal, having had good experience in the most active 
armies of that time, and a courage very notorious. And 
though his inclinations were naturally to ease and luxury, 
his industry was indefatigable when his honour required 
it, or his particular interest, which he was never without, 
and to which he was very indulgent, made it necessary or 
convenient. In the second troubles in Scotland he had a 
greater command, and some part in most of the intrigues 
of the court, and was in great confidence with those who 
most designed the destruction of the earl of Strafford ; 
against whom he had contracted some prejudice in the 
behalf of his nation : yet when the parliament grew too 
imperious, he entered into those new intrigues very frankly, 
which were contrived at court, with less circumspection 
than both the season and weight of the affair required. 
And in this combination, in which men were most con- 
cerned for themselves, and to receive good recompense 
for the adventures they made, he had either been promised, 
or at least encouraged by the queen, to hope to be made 
groom of the bedchamber when a vacancy should appear. " 
This object of O'Neill's ambition was attained soon after- 
wards (in 1645), although the king postponed the granting 

of it as long as he could conveniently do so, "having," 
adds Clarendon, "contracted a prejudice against him with 
reference to the earl of Strafford, or upon some other rea- 
son, which could not be removed by all his friends, or 
by the queen herself." History of the Rebellion and Civil 
Wars in England, vol. iii., p. 536 (third edition, Oxford, 
1849). Of Daniel O'Neill's protestantism, we have the 
following account by Carte, in his Life of Ormond, vol. i., 
Preface, p. x. : "Mr. Bennet, as far as I have observed, 
does not contradict any one fact which I assert in that Vin- 
dication (i.e.. Carte's Vindication of Charles I. from the 
imputation of being concerned in the Irish massacre); ex- 
cept in calling Daniel O'Neile an Irish Papist, whom I 
there affirm to be a Protestant. My assertion was founded, 
not only on his enjoying a post in the Bed-Chamber under 
King Charles I. when no Papist could enjoy any, and when 
his Religion would certainly have been objected to him, if 
he had been a Papist, but also on the testimony of the late 
Mr. Leasson then at Bath, who had been Comptroller of the 
Post Office from the Restoration till after the Revolution, 
and knew him very well. Daniel O'Neile was not only a 
Protestant by profession, but very zealous in his Religion, 
as I see by his letters (hundreds of which I have read), and 
gave better proof of his inviolable attachment to it, than 
any who asperse him have had opportunities of giving, by his 
strict adherence to it all the time of the troubles of Ireland, 
and of his following the King's fortune abroad. He was a 
man of great capacity, and was excellently qualified for any 
employment either in the field or cabinet, and could not 
have failed of a considerable post in foreign service, if his 
religion had not been an obstacle to such preferment, as it 
was to his being chosen upon Owen O'Neile's death Gene- 
ral of Ulster ; that command being offered him, if he would 
turn Roman Catholick." See also the same work, 
vol. ii., p. 112. O'Neill married Catherine, daughter of 
Thomas, lord Wotton, who had been previously the wife 
of Henry, lord Stanhope, eldest son of Philip, first earl 
of Chesterfield. Although her first husband died before 
his father, she was created countess of Chesterfield by 
Charles II. This lady survived her second husband, 
Daniel O'Neill, and had the following inscription placed 
over his grave in Boughton-Malherbe church. "Here lies 
the body of Mr. Daniel O'Neale, who descended from 
that great, honourable, and ancient family of the O'Neales, 
in Ireland, to whom he added new lustre by his own merit, 
being rewarded for his courage and loyalty in the Civil 
Wars, under King Charles the First and Charles the Second, 
with the offices of Post Master General of England, Scot- 
land, and Ireland, Master of the Powder, and Groom of 
his Majesties Bed-Chamber. He was married to the Right 
Honourable Katherine, Countess of Chesterfield, who 
erected him this monument one of the last marks of her 
kindnesse, to show her affection longer than her weak 
breath would serve to express it. He died A. D. 1663, aged 
60 years." Diary of Samuel Pepys, vol. i., p. 299, note. 
In vol. ii., p. 178, there occurs the following reference to his 
death : "This day, 24th of October, 1664 [ ] 

the great O'Neale died; I believe, to the content of all the 
Protestant pretenders in Ireland." On the day after his 
death, Edward Savage, writing to Dr. Sancroft, thus re- 
fers to the event: "Mr O'Neale, of the Bed-Chamber, 
dyed yesterday, very rich, and left his old Lady all" 


done) to reverse or greatly impair the two Viscounts' titles; 52 but he died a Protestant, as is thought, 
without issue, after King Charles the Second's restoration, being married to the old Countess of 
Chesterfield. Thus, many time innocent children are punished for their parent's faults ; yet not 
without procuring the same business of their own. 

Harl. MS., 3785, fol. 19, as quoted in note, Pepys's Diary, 
vol. ii., p. 178. 

s* Two viscounts' titles. The object of this attempt on 
the part of Daniel O'Neill may be easily enough understood. 
He might have succeeded in seriously impairing the two 
viscounts titles had not his plans been frustrated by the 
attainder of Strafford and the outbreak of the rebellion 
in 1641. O'Neill had two influential friends in Laud and 
Strafford. The former wrote to the deputy in the month 
of June, 1635, requesting him to take O'Neill's business 
cordially in hand, as, in a letter from Strafford on the 9th 
of the following March, the writer says: "According 
to your Lordship's desire wherein, I have desired the 
Lords Montgomery and Claneboy to send their agents 
hither to treat with me concerning this gentleman ; I will 
do him the best service I can, and after that I find what 
success I may hope for therein, I shall give your lordship 
a full advertisement thereof." Strafford's Letters, &>c., 
voL i., p. 518. See also a letter to the Prince Elector, 
p. 521. The lord deputy styles the gentleman simply 
Mr. Neale, but there can be no doubt that he referred 
to Daniel O'Neill. As illustrative of these attempts on 
the part of Daniel O'Neill, the following letters will be 
found highly interesting. They were printed in Laud's 
Works, vol. vii., pp. 122 126, 8vo., Oxford, 1860, from 
the collection in the possession of earl Fitzwilliam. These 
letters are most creditable to the writer, Archbishop 
Laud : 

Extract from Letter of Laud to Lord Viscount Wentworth. 
"Mv LORD I am earnestly desired by the Lord Conway, to re- 
commend to your Lordship's care and goodness, a young gentleman, 
Mr. Daniel O'Neile, of the Province of Ulster, in Ireland, whose im- 
provident father parted with a great estate there, very fondly, and 
so hath left this young man (being, as his lordship saith, one of very 
good parts), with a little fortune. Whether the young man be yet 
gone into Ireland from here or not, I cannot tell, But I pray you, 
my lord, when he resorts to you, to let him know that I have ac- 
quainted your Lordship with him and his fortune. And then for the 
rest, I leave your Lordship to do what in your own judgment shall 
be fittest," &c. 

"April 2oth, 1633. "W. CANT. 

Rec, 28th." 

" To the Lord Viscount Wentworth : Sal. in Christo. 

"MY VERY GOOD LORD, I am earnestly entreated by my Lord 
Conway to write to your Lordship in the behalf of Mr. Daniel 
O'Neile, and to desire your Lordship's favor for him, being a man 
(as I am informed), that is like to deserve well, and is not altogether 
unknown to your Lordship. 

" His case (I am told), is as follows : His Father, Con O'Neile, 
was seized and possessed of great proportions of land, called the 
UpperClaneboys, Ards, and Slum (Slutt) Neile, in the County of Down, 
now worth per annum twelve thousand pounds at least. He, with his 
tenants, and followers, served the late Queen Elizabeth for many 

ponding with the rebels, which the said Lord Chichester finding ap- 
prehended him, and committed him prisoner to his Majesty's castle 
of Carrick- Fergus, out of which he escaped, and not being able to 
live in his country, he fled to Scotland, and there met James Ham- 
ilton, now Lord Viscount Claneboys, and Hugh Montgomery, now 
Viscount of the Ardes, with whom he contracted to give two-thirds 
of his estate to procure his pardon, which was done, and they enjoy 
the lands. And afterwards the said Lord Viscount Claneboys, Lord 
Viscount Ardes, and Sir Moses Hill, deceased, did, for very small 
considerations, get from his said father his other said part, reserv- 
ing only a small rent of a hundred and three-score pounds per an- 
num ; which is all he and his brother have out of all those lands. 

" These lords, taking into consideration the younjj gentleman's small 
means at his last coming out of Ireland, were willing, and offered to 
give him some increase; but so small that all will not make a com- 

" My Lord, his case standing thus, I desire you, if you know no 
great cause of hindrance, why you should not meddle in this busi- 
ness, to treat with these lords, and see if in a fair way you can 
help him to a subsistence. 

" You shall then do a great deal of charity in restoring a gentleman 
that is lost without his own fault, and bind him thereby to be your 
servant forever, as he is already, your Lordship's very loving friend, 

"W. CANT. 

" Lambeth, Jan. 15, 1635. 

" Rec. 7 Feb., by Mr. D. O'Neile. 

_ " P. S. If these lords will do little or nothing for him, if you can 
find any other way to help the poor gentleman, I see all his friends 
here will thank you heartily for it." 

At p. 38, note 52, supra, it is stated that Daniel O'Neill 
was grandson of Con, but he is distinctly represented in 
the foregoing letters as his son. His brother, referred to 
in the second letter, must have been Con Oge, who was 
slain at Clones, in 1643. For further particulars, very 
interesting, see Clarendon, vol. iii., pp. 537, 538, 541, 
545; vol. v., p. 146; vol. vi., pp. 60, 146, 154, 155, 157; 
vol. vi., p. 355 ; vol. vii., pp. 57, 99, 101. (8vo dition, 
Oxford, 1849.) Daniel O'Neill's sister, Catherine, was 
wife of Thady O'Hara, of Craigbilly, near Ballymena. 
Archdall's Lodge's Peerage, vol. iv., p. 216. He was 
Governor of Trim. Borlase's History of the Rebellion, 
p. 286. 1648, Bishop Bramhall styles him, " My noble 
friend, Mr. O'Neile." Carte's Letters, vol. i., p. 163. 
Charles II. writing to the Dutchess of Orleans on the 24th 
Oct., 1669, (?) says: " Poore O'Neale died this after- 
noon of an ulcer in his gutts ; he was as honest a man 
as ever lived : I am sure I have lost a very good servant 
by it.'' Dalrymple's Memoirs of Great Britain and Ire- 
land, vol. ii., p. 27, Appendix. His appointment as 
major-general (being a protestant instead of a catholic) 
was alleged as a charge against lord Ormond in the 
Declaration, Aug. 12, 1650. 



HAVE long retarded the history of the said Montgomery's progress in his plantation, and 
other affairs, by these foregoing interjections, concerning the Smiths and Con with other 
difficultys and troubles. It may be remembered, that I told you, reader, that some of the 
priory walls were roofed and fitted for Sir Hugh and his family to dwell in ; T but the rest of these 
walls, and other large additions of a gate-house and office-houses, which made three sides of a 
quadrangle (the south side of the church being contiguous, made the 4th side), with coins and 
window frames, and chimney-pieces, and funnels of freestone, all covered : and the floors beamed 
with main oak timber, and clad with boards ; the roof with oak plank from his Lordship's own 
woods, 2 and slated with slates out of Scotland ; and the floors laid with fir deals out of Norway, the 

1 To dwell in. See p. 62, supra. In an undated 
Carew MS., not yet calendared, but entitled Report 
of the Voluntary Work done by Servitors and other gent, 
of Quality upon lands given them by his Majestie or purchas- 
ed by themselves, within the three other counties of Down, 
Antrim, and Monaghan," there is the following mention 
of the improvements at Newton: "Sir Hugh Montgo- 
mery, Knight, hath repayred part of the abbey of Newtone 
for his owne dwelling, and made a good towne of a 
hundred houses or there aboutes, all peopled with Scottes. " 
The commissioners appointed to make the report from 
which the above is an extract, and by whom it is signed, 
were "A. Chichester, G. Carew, Tho. Ridgeway, R. 
Wingfield, and Ol. Lambert." These commissioners 
started on their journey into the province of Ulster on the 
29th of July, IOII. MS. Notes of William Pinkerton, 
Esq., F.S.A. 

3 Lordship's oivn woods. The first viscount's woods were 
of great value, but their possession appears to have involved 
him in many difficulties and much litigation. The earl of 
Abercorn's award did not settle finally the question of 
woods, nor indeed any other, between him and viscount 
Clannaboy. An interesting paper, having reference to 
this dispute, has been preserved, curiously enough, among 
the Balfour MSS., and was printed in 1837, in the 
Miscellany of the A bbotsford Club) vol. i., pp. 273 5- This 
document, which was drawn up in a very business-like 
style, is entitled The offer of sir Hugh Montgomery unto 
sir James Hamilton. It is as follows : 

"The 4 townes reserved tome by the Erles decree (in respect that 
there is paid out of them the half of Con O'Neale's rent to the King, 
which half in currant money of England, doth amount to 81b. i8s. 6d), 
I value but at 81b. per ann. a towne ; and in regard of the bishops 
claimes, I value them all but at ten yeares purchase, and soe I doe 
assesse them at 32lb. sterl. 

"The moitie of the Woods discerned to me by the said decree, I 
have already leased to Edwards for 31 yeares, of which lease 27 yeares 
are yet to come ; in which I have receaved an annuall rent of 6olb. 
starl. and half a tonne of iron yearley, which I esteam at ylb. star. p. 
annum, with liberty to cut soe much tymber as is necessary for myne 
and my tenants buildings. 

"The reuertion of this lease, by reason of those beneficiall re- 
seruations annexed unto it, I value at ip yeares purchase of that rent 
it now yealdeth viz. 6ylb. p. ann., which amounteth unto Cyolb. 

"The reuertion of all the rest of the Slutneales of the demesnes of 
Castlereagh, and of Con O'Neales lands in the Kellyes, I value at 
300! b. 

"Soe that I value this whole moitie at izpolb. At which rate (if 
Sir James accept it), he is to give me azgofb., whereof I demaund 
present payment for these reasonable causes viz: 

" Ferst, for that the purchase from Con O'Neale hath not onlie cost 
me above 2ooolb. of money and other considerations (as by Con his 
deede is evident), but allsoe for that I can directly prove that beside 
this Con hath receaved contynuall and daily benefits from me in 
money, horses, cloathes, and other provisions of good value, and 
allsoe hath bene chardgeable unto me in diuers other disbursements ; 
which chardge of myne ought in reason to bee respected in this con- 
tract, otherwise, it will fall out that I have supplied his wants to myne 
owne losse, and other men's profitt. 

" Secondlie, of this so deerely bought, I shall yeald to sir James a 
present and peaceable possession, and good right purchased by me 
with love and favour, and at the suit of the true owner, which in that 
country is no small advantage and commodity. Sir James, his lot 
of the towne lands, and of the reuertion of Con his possession, is 
equal with myne by vertue of the decree ; but his woods are noe way 
comparable, for that the half of the woods that are set to Mr. Nath. 
Edwards, and discerned to me by the decree, are that half that is 
onely proper and meate for the ironworks, and are the woods 
whereon the great tymber doth stand, and sufficient to furnish the 
ironworks, and the other half discerned to Sir James, is not onely 
altogether farr from them, but alsoe from all possibility to set any- 
such work upon, and neither neere water nor sale. Out of which 
alsoe I have reserued liberty for me to cut oaken tymber for my own 
proper building, and repainng of my churches, by the said decree, 
which will consume two parts of the whole tymber growing in the 
said woods, so as I can not value his woods for above isolb. at the 

" Lastlie, he selleth me nothing but that which is alreadie my 
owne right, and in my own possession, whereunto he hath no title, 
but onely by the possibility of a decree, by him most indirectly pro- 
cured, though without blemish to the nobleman who made it, and 
whether it be effectual in lawe or not, I know not. 

" Upon which groundes, I hope, it will be thought reasonable, that 
if he refuse to buy, I may have some good tyme given me for the 
payment of my money to him for my part ; being above ^500 starlg. 
better than his, soe as he shall have a great bargaine, whether he 
accepts of the lands or the money." 

Besides his litigation with lord Clannaboy, the first vis- 
count had also an expensive lawsuit with sir Foulk Con- 
way, and after the death of the latter, with his 



windows were fitly glazed and the edifice thoroly furnished within. This was a work of some time 
and years, but the same was fully finished by that excellent Lady (and fit helper mostly in Sir 
Hugh's absence), because he was by business much and often kept from home, after the year 1608 
expired ; 3 yet the whole work was done many months before Sir Hugh and she went to London, Ao. 

representatives, on the subject of woods, to which it is 
strange, the author makes no allusion in any part of his 
memoirs. In the preceding year, 1625, there was issued 
a decree signed "Longford, Master of the Rolls," in a 
suit between Hugh, lord viscount Montgomery and "Dame 
Amy Conway, widow and administratrix of Sir Foulke 
Con way, deceased," confirming to the lady Amy permission 
to cut trees and woods, mentioned in a certain order of 
the Court, for the use of her iron works, and all manner 
of woods and underwoods growing on the lands of Slutt 
McNeale except the bodies and butts of great and young 
oak which are not already dead or hollowed, and except 
such boughs and branches of oak as are fit for pipe boards, 
mill-timber, house-timber, and ship-timber, the exception 
or restraint to continue only until a division of the woods 
- shall take place ; and for this purpose it is ordered that a 
Commission issue to the bishop of Dromore, Sir Edward 
Trevor, Sir Henry O'Neill, Nicholas Warde, and Richard 
Weste, to inquire on oath, what waste had been com- 
mitted in the woods since the 22nd of August, in the 
fourth year of the late king (1606), by whom, and whether 
the timber so cut exceeds a moiety of the woods ; to di- 
vide the woods into two equal portions, one for the com- 
plainant, and the other for the Lord Viscount of Ards. 
M orrin's Calendar of Pat. Rolls of Charles 1. , p. 64, 65 . The 
iron works referred to in the foregoing document were situated 
in Malone. probably at the place called New Forge. These 
works were rented by a Mr. Stevenson in 1633 ; he was 
succeeded by Mr. Robert Barre before 1638. In 1641, 
Mr. Lawson held them, and sustained a very heavy loss 
by their destruction during the rebellion of that year. 
Historical Collections Relating to the Town of Belfast. A 
commission was appointed, in 1625, to inquire what waste 
had been committed in the woods in the territory or 
country called Slutt Neales, by lord viscount Montgomery, 
lord viscount Clannaboy, sir Foulke Conway, and the late 
Amy Conway, widow of sir Foulke. This Commission 
reported that there were then standing on the lands, of 
the size of six inches at the butt, 8,883 trees 5 tnat is to 
say, upon Ballynelaghan, 119; upon Ballymulvally, 75; 
Ballydalloghan, 101 (all the lands are thus described); 
and that there had been cut on the lands, of oak of the 
same size (no notice of those of smaller dimensions), 
11,631. The Commissioners also found that there had 
been cut for the use of lord Chichester, for the building 
of his houses at Knockfergus and Belfast, upon the lands 
of Ballynalessan, Ballykoan, Ballykarney, and the towns 
adjoining, 500 oaks. One Adam Montgomery, for two 
summers, with three or four workmen, cut forty trees in 
Lisdalgan, and other inland towns ; master Dalway cut, 
on Donkyamucke, three score trees ; Anthony Cosleth, 
who was tenant of sir Moses Hill, cut 127 trees on the 
land of Blaries ; and all were cut without the license of 
the lord Clanaboy, the lord of Ards, sir Foulke Conway, 
his lady, or any of their agents. The Commissioners 
also stated that the roofs of the churches of Grey Abbey 
and Cumber, and a store of timber for the lord of Ards' 

buildings at Newtone and Donaghadee, had been taken 
from the woods ; and a great store, for the manufacture of 
pipe staves, hogshead staves, barrel staves, kieve staves, 
and spokes for carts. M orrin's Calendar of Pat. Rolls of 
Charles /., p. 65. In 1626, a commission was appointed 
to decide the difficulty that had so long existed between the 
two viscounts on this subject. The Commissioners were 
the bishop of Dromore, sir Edward Trevor, sir Henry 
O'Neile, Francis Kenneston, Nicholas Warde, and 
Richard West. This commission decided that viscount 
Montgomery was to have "all the woods on Ballylenoghan, 
Ballymulvalley, Ballydullaghan, half Carewhughduff, 
Ballykoan, Edenderry, Ballylare, Ballynalessan, Ballyna- 
garrick, Carewlevesoge, half Ballycarney, half Drumboe, 
Lysnasaide, Tullyarde, Killmullachin, Ballybrennan, Bal- 
lyaghliske, half Dunkymucke, half Drombeg, None, 
Skeaghlatifeaghe, Tullycrosse, Little Malton, Kroall, 
Tullyconnell, Clogher, Ballynelan, Largiemore, Tean, 
Blaryes, Ballyhavericke, Lisnagnoe, Doneagh, Lisneshrean, 
Continekelly, half the said towns, making in all ten 
towns wholly furnished with wood. To the lord Clannaboye 
were given the woods on the following towns and lands 
viz., Ballyknockan, Killenewre, Lisdoran, Oughley, 
Dromnelegge, Carricknaveaghe, Carrickmadyroe, Carne- 
gannon, Bressagh, Crevelickevericke, two parts, Crossan, 
Carewlegacorry, Cargacroy, Braha, Killaney, Lisdrom- 
haghan, Carricknasassanagh, Lissan, Tollowre, Lisdalgan, 
Tawneymore, Tullywestfenna, Vickravana, Dromgevan, 
Ballydrean, Listodree, and Ballymullagh. M orrin's 
Calendar, of Charles I. , p. 66. 

3 After the year 1608 expired. From this date until 
1613, sir Hugh was engaged chiefly in promoting the 
general interests of the new colony, thus leaving his own 
domestic affairs to the management of his lady. In 1613, 
he and sir James Hamilton were retumed members of 
parliament for the county of Down, and he was afterwards 
necessarily much confined to Dublin. This election took 
place on the first day of May, and in the town of Newry. 
There were polled in all 131 British freeholders, and 101 
Irish freeholders. The two knights received for their 
attendance in parliament the sum of ^198 135 4d, which 
was levied by the sheriff off the county. The commis- 
sioners sent by James I. to Ireland, "to enquire princi- 
pally into the disturbances in the parliament of 1613," 
give the following account of this election in their report: 
"In the county of Down, it is agreed on all hands that 
May day was the county court day for the election, which 
the sheriff held at Newrie, after sufficient notice given, at 
which day, between eight and nine o'clock, the sheriff pro- 
ceeded to election, moved the freeholders to choose Sir 
Richard Wingfield and Sir James Hamilton, being recom- 
mended to him by the Lord Deputy. But the natives named 
Sir Arthur Magenisse and Rowland Savage: whereupon 
all the British freeholders, being 131 (as is deposed), cried 
"Hamilton and Montgomery," omitting Wingfield; 
and the Irish, to the number of IOI, cried "Magenis 
and Savage. " Exception beiu^ presently taken to clivers of 


1618, as the dates of coats of arms doth shew in the buildings, and as old men, who wrought thereat, 
told me. 4 

And so I shall here surcease from any further relation of the plantation and buildings, because 
of my promise to relate more of this matter when I come to speak of Sir Hugh Montgomery, his 
funeral, person, parts and acts ; and I will now enter upon his actions about and from the year 1623, 
repeating as little as I can of what hath been said, because I intend not to mention any of his law 
troubles, so unpleasing to my memory. 

Imprimis, in or about Anno 1623, the marriage between Sir Hugh Montgomery's eldest son, 
Hugh (he was called from his travels being then in Italy), and Jean, eldest daughter of Sir William 
Alexander, the King's Secretary for Scotland, was solemnized.s The new wedded couple were 

British freeholders who voted for sir James Hamilton and 
sir Hugh Montgomery, forwant of freeholdin some of them, 
fourteen of them were examined upon oath, by the sheriff, 
and deposed to their freeholds, upon which the two last named 
were returned, to which the Irish made objections before 
us, which we found to be partly untrue and partly frivolous, 
not fit, as we conceive, to be inserted in our certificate. 
Desiderata Curiosa Hibemica, vol. i., pp. 339, 340.; 
Erck's Calendar of Patent Rolls, Joe. I. p. 5976. 

4 Told me. This tribute to the intelligence and activity 
of Elizabeth Shaw, the first lady Montgomery, was well 
deserved. There is no subsequent mention of her in the 
manuscripts that have been printed. As she died before 
her husband, it is strange the memoir of him contains no 
notice even of her death, a pretty certain evidence that there 
are gaps here as well as in some of the other memoirs. 
The family residence, the building and furnishing of which 
she had " fully finished" in 1618, was known as New- 
tcnvn House. It was burned, 'by the carelessness of 
servants' in 1664, soon after the second earl of Mount 
Alexander (then fourteen years of age) had succeeded to 
the estates. At times when visiting the north, he lived in 
the gate-house which was fitted up for the purpose, until 
the year 1675, when the whole manor of Newton was sold 
to sir Robert Colville. The author states in his Description 
of the Ards, that sir Robert built on the same site, from 
the foundation ' ' one double-roofed house, stables, coach- 
houses, and all other necessary or convenient edifices, 
for brewing, baking, washing, hunting, hawking, plea- 
sure rooms, and pigeon-houses." The conversion of 
the old Dominican priory into Newtown House drew 
the following bitter remark from a Franciscan friar, 
named father Edmund MacCana, who journeyed 
through that district about the year 1643, and whose 
now well known Itinerary was written soon after- 
wards : "To the east of this, the same lake makes another 
angle, at the town called Newtown, where there was even 
in my day, a monastery of St. Dominic, which some years 
ago, Mogumrius the Scotchman converted into a secular 
dwelling; such is the propensity of impious heretics to 
obliterate all memory of what has been deemed sacred. " 
The Itincrarinm in Hibernia ex relationc R. P. Fratris 
Edmimdi AfacCana, "which is preserved, among other 
treasures of Irish literature, in the Burgimdian library at 
Brussels," has been translated and illustrated with most 
interesting and valuable notes, by the Rev. Dr. Reeves. 
See Ulster Journal of Arch ecology, vol. ii., pp. 44 59- 

s Was solemnized. See p. 73. supra. This marriage 
was solemnized on the 3rd of August, 1620, in Kensington 
Church, near London. The following is the entry in the 
Parochial Register: "1620 Hugh Montgomerie, Esq., 
Son of Sir Hugh Montgomerie, knt. , of Scotland, and Mrs. 
Jane Alexander, Daughter of Sir William Alexander of 
Scotland, knt. August 3rd." Banks's Memoir of Sir 
William Alexander. See Appendix G. Douglas, Peerage 
of Scotland, vol. ii., p. 535 states that the founder of Sir 
William's family was a certain Alexander Macdonnell, who 
obtained a grant of the lands of Menstrie in Clackmannan, 
from his patron, the earl of Argyle, and afterwards dropped 
his own surname, and assumed the name of Alexander. 
Douglas assigns no motive or reason for this unusual change 
of name, but it may have probably arisen from prudential 
motives, as between sir William's own family, the Macdon- 
nells, and that of his landlord, the Campbells, there had 
raged a relentless feud for many generations. In 1621, 
sir W. Alexander obtained by charter a grant of the terri- 
toiy of NovaScotia, and, as an encouragement for its colonisa- 
tion, he had authority from the Crown to divide the lands 
into one hundred lots, and to dispose of each lot, together 
with the title of Baronet, to any person paying the sum of 
200. As another encouragement to the new settlement, he 
obtained from the crown the questionable privilege of 
issuing a base copper coin known as Turners. In 1623, 
he was secretary for Scotland; in 1625, master of requests 
for Scotland; in 1626, secretary of state; in 1627, a com- 
missioner of exchequer; and in 1631, an extraordinary 
judge of the court of session. In 1633, he was created 
earl of Stirling. Probably his greatest distinction was 
that he obtained, from the council of New England, an 
extensive grant of lands now known as Long Island, and 
was practically the founder of that settlement from which 
has since arisen the "Empire State" of New York. In 
addition to Nova Scotia and Long Island, the earl of 
Stirling had also a grant of St. Croix, or Sagadahock, a 
territory comprising all the present state of Maine lying 
eastward of the Kennebec river. The last earl of Stirling 
conveyed his title to Long Island and St. Croix to the 
duke of York in consideration of an annuity of .300, no 
part of which was ever paid. The right of the earl to 
make this conveyance was questioned, by reason of his 
refusal to enter on the inheritance of his father, on account 
of the debts with which it was encumbered, and which 
had been incurred by the first earl in colonising 
his American estates. The Scottish estate, therefore, was 



comely and well bred personages, who went that summer with Sir Hugh (now Viscount) Mont- 
gomery and his Lady, to their new built and furnished house aforesaid in Newtown. Some years 
before this time, Sir Hugh had married his eldest daughter to Sir Robert M'Clellan, 6 Baron of Kirk- 
coby, who (with her) had four great townlands near Lisnegarvey, whereof she was possessed in 

sequestered, but the vast grants in America escaped 
sequestration, because of their remoteness and their 
then very trifling value. The progress of time and 
settlement have now rendered these territories of im- 
mense value, and the earl of Stirling's descendants 
still believe they have a just claim to compensation in 
virtue of the original grant of Nova Scotia. Dr. Duer's 
Life of William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, Major - 
General in the Army of the United States; 8vo., 
1847. The earl of Stirling's motto, per mare per 
terras was parodied per metre per turners, implying that 
he had attained to his wealth and position by means of his 
poetry (metre) and his base money (turners). On the 2nd 
of November, 1639, "King Charles's turners stricken by 
the earl of Stirling, was by proclamation at the cross of 
Edinburgh, cryit down frae twa pennies to ane penny; 
King James's turners to pass for twa pennies, because 
they were no less worth; and the caird turners (those made 
by tinkers) simpliciter discharged as false cunyie. But 
this proclamation was shortly recalled, because there was 
no other money passing to make change." In April, 1640, 
Spaldinghas the following allusion to this subject: "You 
see before some order taken with the passing of turners, 
whereof some appointed to pass for ane penny. Now they 
would give nothing, penny, nor half penny, for King 
Charles's turners; but King James's turners only should 
pass. Whereby all trade and change was taken away 
through want of current money, because thir slight turners 
was the only money almost passing through all Scotland." 
Chambers' s Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., p. 128. 
A person so given to speculations in land^s the first earl, 
was not likely to overlook Ireland, then an attractive field 
for investment. Accordingly we find that sir William 
purchased, in 1628, from sir James Cunningham of Glen- 
garnock, two thousand acres of land in the county of 
Donegal, for the sum of ^400. These lands were known 
as Dacostruse or, Docrastroose, and Portlaw, on which was 
the water-millof Cargyn. The heirs of sir James afterwards 
repurchased this property. Inquisitions, Donegal, no. 
5, Car. I. In the same year, sir William Alexander 
obtained a grant of the proportion of Mullalelish, 
in the barony or precinct of O'Neiland, county of Armagh, 
containing by estimation 1000 acres; also the small propor- 
tion of Legacorry, in the same precinct or barony, contain- 
ing by estimation 1000 acres; to hold for ever, in free and 
common soccage, with license to hold court baron, court 
leet, and view of frank pledge. Morrin's, Calendar, Charles 
/., pp. 268, 384, 439; Inquisitions, Armagh, no. 19, Car. 
I. Legacorry is another name for Richhill, and the two 
half proportions of Legacorry and Mullalelish form the 
Richardson estate. 

6 Sir Robert frP Clellan. Sir Robert M 'Clellan, baron 
Kirkcoby, or rather Kircoubry (a contraction for Kirkcud- 
bright), was the eldest son of sir Thomas Maclellan of 
Bomby, in Galloway, by his wife, Grissel Maxwell. Sir 
Robert was knighted by James VI. , and appointed one 
gf the gentlemen of the bedchamber, in which office Tie 

was continued by Charles I. , who advanced him to the rank 
of a baronet ; and by letters patent, dated 26th May, 
1633, raised him to the peerage with the title of viscount 
Kirkcudbright. He died in 1640, the title devolving on 
his nephew, Thomas Maclellan, son of William Maclel- 
lan of Glenshannock. The surname of Maclellan is one 
of the most ancient and respectable in the south of Scot- 
land. The family, originally Irish, settled first in Bal- 
maclellan, conferring the name on that parish, from which 
its various branches spread over Galloway. The clan be- 
came so numerous and influential that, at one period, it 
numbered fourteen knights, bearing the surname of Mac- 
clellan, and residing at the following places in Galloway, 
viz., Barscobe, Gelston, Borgue, Troquhain, Barholm, 
Kirkconnel, Kirkcormock, Colvend, Kirkgunzeon, Glen! 
shinnock, Ravenston, Kilcruickie, Bardrockwood, and 
Sorbie. The ninth and last lord Kirkcudbright died at 
Bruges in 1832, and the title is at present dormant. The 
last lord Kirkcudbright was deformed, and had not a 
fraction to live on but his allowance. He used to vote 
for representative peers, and then at the evening balls sell 
gloves to the people attending Holyrood Palace. Mr. 
Nicholson, editor of the Minute Book kept by the War 
Committee of the Covenanters in the Steivartry of Kirkcud- 
bright, in referring to the Maclellan family, says: "It is 
scarcely possible wholly to pass over unnoticed the for- 
tunes of one family, at the period in question (1640) cer- 
tainly the most pre-eminent in territorial influence within 
the bounds of eastern Galloway ; the editor alludes to the 
noble house of Kirkcudbright. Wide as their dominions 
then were, it is a fact that only one individual of the name 
is now in possession of a single acre of their original ter- 
ritory. The title has merged in a highly accomplished 
lady (1854), who believes herself to be the last represen- 
tative of her far-descended ancestry. How far she may 
be correct in that conclusion may admit of question. Of 
a race once so numerous as to consist of fourteen branches, 
all acknowledged to have sprang from the root of Bombay, 
it is not easy to conceive how an heir to the title should not 
exist somewhere." Preface, p. xxxi., p. 191. The 
sir Robert Maclellan mentioned in the text is not to 
be confounded with another knight of the same 
name, and no doubt from the same district in 
Scotland, who came to Ulster as an undertaker 
in the Plantation. The latter sir Robert Maclellan rented 
for sixty-one years, two scopes of land, each consisting of 
3210 acres, from the Haberdashers' and Clothworkers* 
Companies, in the county of Londonderry. One of these 
scopes was known as Ballycastle, in the neighbourhood of 
Newtownlimavady. See Pynnar's Survey of Ulster, in 
Harris's Hibernica, pp. 229, 230. For other inter- 
resting particulars of this knight, see also Morrin's 
Calendar, Charles /., pp. 184, 506. Sir Robert 
Maclellan of Ardkilley, in Londonderry, died on the 
1 8th of January, 1638, leaving a daughter, Maria, 
married to Robert Maxwell of Ballycastle. Ulster / 
quisitions, Londonderry, no. 7, Car, I, 



December, 1622.7 Sir Hugh and his Lady, also, had likewise given him a considerable sum of 
money as an augmentation to the marriage portion ; but the said Sir Robert spent the money and 
sold the lands after her Ladyship's death, and himself died not long after her, both without issue. 8 
Item, in or about the same year, 1623, the Viscount married his other daughter, Jean, to Pat. 
Savage,9 of Portaferry, Esq., whose predecessors (by charter from the Queen Elizabeth, and formerly 
as I am credibly informed,) were stiled, and in their deeds of lands they named themselves Lords 
of the little Ardes. 10 This family is reputed to be above 400 years standing in Ireland, and those 
Lords were men of great esteem, and had far larger estates in the county of Antrim, than they have 
now in the Ardes." One of the Earles of Antrim married Shelly, a daughter of Portaferry, and the 
late Marq. and Earle thereof, called those of this family Easens ; 12 and the Lord Deputy Chichester 
would have had the Patrick's immediate predecessor's and brother to have married his niece, 1 * but it 
is reported that Russell of Rathmullen, 15 made him drunk, and so married him to his own daughter, 

* In December, 1622. The original lease of these lands 
from Con O'Neale to the first viscount, with the view 
of their becoming the marriage portion of his eldest 
daughter, was made in 1611, and included originally only 
three townlands. The following is the account of this 
transaction in the Inquisition of 1623: "An indenture 
of lease for 33 years, dated 3d February, 1611, made by 
said Con to sir Hugh, in consideration of ^40 sterl., of 
the three townlands of Ballydownkimmuck, Ballytully- 
goane, and Ballycrossan, in Slut Neales country, at the 
rent of ,2 los sterling. Provided, if by means of war 
or rebellion in the county of Down, the tenants should be 
disabled from enjoying said lands, that during such time, 
the rents should cease, with a clause of renewal within 
seven years. This lease was found to be in trust for 
sir Robert M'Clellan." The author is correct in 
mentioning that Elizabeth Montgomery, wife of sir 
Robert [M'Clellan, had four townlands, for the Inquisi- 
tion of 1623 specfies that in December, 1622, sir Robert 
was in possession of Ballydrombegg (now Drumbeg), 
Ballydunskeagh (now Ballyskeagh), Bally tullgo wan (now 
Ballygowan), and Ballyduncaunmucke (now Hillhall)." 
See Reeves' Eccl. Antiquities, p. 46; Inquisitions, Down, 
no. 15, Car. I. 

8 Both without issue. Sir Robert had been previously 
married to a daughter of sir Matthew Campbell of Loudon, 
in Ayrshire, and at his death in 1640, he was succeeded, 
as already stated, by his nephew. His second lady, 
Elizabeth Montgomery of the Ards, died shortly before 

s Pat. Savage. This was the brother of Rowland 
Savage, who died in 1619, son of Patrick who died in 
1603, son of John, son ot Patrick, son of Rowland, who 
died at Portaferry in 1572. See Burke's Landed Gentry, 
under Nugent. 

10 Lords oft/u little Ardes. In May, 1538, a treaty was 
made between lord Leonard Gray, the then lord deputy, 
and Remond Savage (Jenico Savage, formerly chief captain 
of his nation orclan, being removed). Remond havingsworn 
fealty to King Henry VIII., was permitted to bear the 
name and enjoy the honours of chief captain of his nation, 
and of the country of the Savages, otherwise Lecale. By 
this treaty Remond Savage was bound to give to the lord 
deputy one hundred fat cows, and one good horse, or fif- 

teen marks Irish in lieu of the horse. Again, in October, 
I 559> a treaty of peace was formed between Rowland 
Savage, Remund Savage, and their kinsmen. Conten- 
tions had arisen among them respecting the inheritance 
and chieftainship of their nation. The leaders appeared 
before the lord deputy and council in Dublin, declared the 
losses and injuries they had sustained, and prayed the 
council to put a loving and quiet end to their quarrels. It 
was adjudged that Rowland Savage should be captain or chief 
of his nation and freeholders, and enjoy his rightful in- 
heritance to his lands in the Little Ardes. It was also agreed 
that they should join in amity and friendship for the fur- 
therance of queen Elizabeth's service, and the defence of 
the country. For the due performance of this contract, 
and for the maintenance of peace, the parties bound them- 
selves in the sum of ^1000. Morrin's Calendar, Henry 
VI II. and Elizabeth, pp. 45, 426. 

11 Have now in the Ardes. This fact will be noticed 
in connexion with the author's account of the two principal 
families of Savage in the Ards. 

12 Easens. Easens is a misprint for Cosens. No earl 
of Antrim married a lady of the Savages, but the first 
earl's great-grandmother was Sheela or Celia Savage of 
Portaferry, she having been the wife of John Macdonnell, 
lord of Isla and the Glynns of Antrim. This chieftain 
was surnamed Cathanach (probably because he was 
fostered in O'Cahan's country), and was, with two of his 
sons, executed on the Burrow-Muir, near Edinburgh, in 
1500, by command of his kinsman, James IV. A Robert 
Savage married a daughter of John, lord of the Isles 10 
Richard II. Exchequer Records, as quoted in Ulster 
Journal of Archceology, vol. ii., p. 154, note. The "late 
marquis" of the text was Randall Macdonnell, second earl 
and first marquis of Antrim, born in 1609. This noble- 
man died in 1682. 

'3 Immediate predecessor. His elder brother, Roland 
Savage, who died in 1619. 

'* His niece. Sir Arthur Chichester's four brothers and 
eight sisters were all married. He had, therefore, many 
nieces; but we know not the particular lady to whom the 
author here refers. 

j s Russell of Rathmullen. The Russells of Rathmullen 
were the descendants of an Anglo-Norman settler, who 
came to Lecale in the time of John De Courcy. 


who was mother to one O'Hara, 16 in the county of Antrim. This Patrick was reputed to be the 1 7th 
son, and succeeded to the manor of Portaferry, by virtue of ancient deeds of feofment in tail, for 
want of heirs males by his eldest brother. He was the ist Protestant of his family, through the 
said Viscount's care to instruct him. As to portions, the said Viscount gave 6oo/. (a great sum 
in those days); 17 he was Captain of a troop Ao. 1641, in the regiment of horse, under the command 
of the second Lord Viscount Montgomery. And the said Jean died Ao. 1643; he himself also 

16 On-e (THara. This was Cahill O'Hara of Crebilly, or 
Craigbilly, in the county of Antrim. On 26th June, 1606, 
James I. granted to him the territory called Tuogh-Kearte, 
and all the lands therein, viz. : Ballylislatty, Ballimac- 
Icowake, Ballichronekill, the two Ballierdnacallies, Balli- 
clugg, Ballycreevillye, Ballikilligadd, Ballidirrevan, Balli- 
lossochossan, Ballileneymeirew, Ballihawnychaharkie, and 
Ballaclagg, at the yearly rent of .4. This territory is 
described in the patent as bounded on the west and north 
by the Tuogh-Clinaghertie, between which two territories, 
(viz., Kearte and Clanaghertie), the mearing extends through 
the river Owen-Brade, about two miles from the confluence 
thereof, with the Mymvater (Mainwater), until it joins the 
river Owen-Devenagh (now the Deevnagh) ; thence through 
the midst thereof, between Tuogh-Kearte and Munter- 
Murrigan, about a mile to the head thereof in the little bog 
of Moncloghmister; thence directly across and through 
plains, about half a mile, to the top of the hill or fort 
called Lisneskilligie ; thence about half a mile, to the 
top of Mount Comanworhogie, and so directly about half 
a mile to -the Glynn of Altnerilige, through the midst 
thereof, to the river of Clancurrie (Glenwhirry), and by its 
course between this tuogh and the cinament of Dowgh- 
connor, until it joins the small river of Connor; and so 
through the midst of Glancurrie (Glenwhirry), between this 
tuogh and Tuogh Munter-Riuidie, until it runs into the 
Mynwater, between this Tuogh n nd Munter-Callie, and so 
on until that river joins Owen-Brade; except the lands of 
the see of Down and Connor, and those belonging to re- 
ligious houses, churches, advowsons, &c. All the 
premises are situated in Lower Clandeboy. To hold for 
ever, by the 2Oth part of a knight's fee, and to maintain 
one able horseman and three footmen to serve in Ulster. 
Calendar of Pat. Rolls, James /., p. 94. The Craig- 
billy estate is still known as the Karte estate. The O' Haras 
of Crebilly were a branch of the O' Haras of Leyny, in the 
county of Sligo. Dr. O'Donovan states that they are de- 
scended "from Hugh, the brother of Conor Gott O'Hara, 
lord of Leyny, who died in the year 1231. This branch 
removed to Dal Riada, with the Red Earl of Ulster, who 
died in 1326. This family is now extinct in the male 
line." The O'Haras of Crebilly came in for a notice in 
the well-known Satirical Poem of ^Enghus O'Daly, who 
lived in the reign of Elizabeth, and is said to have been 
employed by the agents of Mountjoy and sir George 
Carew, to lampoon the chiefs of the leading old Irish 
families. The following is his notice of the O'Haras : 

"The families of O'Hara, of small booleys, 
A tribe that never earned fame ; 
Their music is the humming of the fly, 
And the grumbling of penury in each man's mouth. 

"A long wide house on the middle of the highway, 
And not enough for a pismire there of food ; 
Heart-ache to the hungry kerne, 
That did not build a crib house of rods on a mountain.' 

O'Donovan's note to the last line is "on a mountain, so 
as not to be so accessible to the Bards, Jesters, Minstrels, 
Carooghs, Geocaghs, and other Strollers, as it is now, 
being built on the side of the highway. " The following 
is Clarence Mangan's versified Paraphrase of the foregoing 
passage : 

" The tribe of O'Hara are men of some height, 
But they've never been known to stand proudly in fight ; 
They have no other music but the hum of the flies, 
And hunger stares forth from their deep-sunken eyes ! 

" There is one wide, waste, void, bleak, black, cold, old pile 
On the highway ; its length is nearly one-third of a mile ; 
Whose it is I don't know, but you hear the rats gnawing 
Its timbers inside, while its owner keeps sawing." 

Dr. O'Donovan states that Mangan has missed O'Daly's 
meaning in the last two lines. The poet's meaning is, 
" Why did he (O'Hara) build his house on the roadside 
to induce travellers to look for hospitality in a house where 
nothing is to be found but poverty; why did he not build 
a hut far in the recesses of the mountains, where travellers 
would not have access to his door." O'Daly's Tribes 
of Ireland, with Poetical Translation, by James Clarence 
Mangan, and Introduction and Notes, by John O'Donovan, 
LL.D., pp. 59, 61, 95. 

17 6oo/. (a great stun in those days}. This was certainly 
a handsome dowry (or tocJier good, as the Scotch ex- 
pressed it), being nearly equal to ten times the amount in 
our present currency. When lady Jean Druminond, only 
daughter to the earl of Perth, was married, in 1629, to the 
earl of Sutherland, her dowry was 5000 merks, or ^287 
175 4d. In 1583, lady Anne Montgomery, daughter of 
the third earl of Eglinton, was married to lord Semple, 
and had a dowry of 6000 merks. The dowry of Jean 
Hamilton, the vicar of Dunlop's daughter, in 1613, was 
5000 merks. This lady was sister of sir James Hamilton, 
afterwards viscount Claneboy. Her dowry, no doubt, was 
supplied from the county of Down. Jean Knox of Ran- 
furly had 11,000 merks; Jean Mure of Glanderston, in 
1671, 8,000 merks; Margaret Mowat of Ingliston, in 
1682, 12,000 merks. In 1639, the great marquis of 
Huntley resided in the Canongate, where two of his 
daughters were married, lady Anne, who was "ane precise 
puritan," to lord Drummoncl ; and lady Henrietta, who 
was a Roman Catholic, to lord Seton, son of the earl of 
Wintoun. These ladies had each 40,000 merks, as a 
fortune, their uncle, the earl of Argyle, being cautioner for 
the payment, 'for relief whereof,' says Spalding, 'he got 
tlie wadset of Lochaber and Badenoch. ' Huntley's third 
daughter, lady Jean, was married in few months after her 
sisters, to the earl of Haddington, and brought to her 
husband 30,000 merks as tocher good. Chambers's 
Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., pp. 35, 134. The 
above-mentioned dowries were moderate when compared 
with some enjoyed by county of Down ladies in the follow- 


departed this life in the beginning Anno 1644, leaving orphan children only two daughters and 
Hugh (his 9th son) to the care of Sir James Montgomery (their mother's brother), who performed 
that trust with full fidelity, and to their great advantage, compounding many debts, paying them 
out of the rents, which then were high (for he waved the benefit of the wardship he had of the said 
Hugh's estate and person). He bred them at Rosemount, his own house, according to their 
quality, till harvest time Ao. 1649, that Oliver Cromwell's army (triumphing over us all) obliged 
himself and his son to go into Scotland, and leave them at Portaferry aforesaid. l8 

The said Hugh Savage lived till about Ao. 1666, and died without issue. He was educated 
at Rosemount and Newton with me as two brothers ; and he boarded himself many years with me, 
never having had a wife ; but his encumbered estate came (by virtue of the said Hugh and father's 
feoffments) to his nearest kinsman, Patrick Savage, Esq., 1 ? who now enjoys it, he having, by his prudent 
management, recovered it out of some great encumbrances thereon, and brought it to great im- 
provements of rents. 

And now I have ended the bad success of the said last recited two matches by our first Lord 
Viscount, let us now, as order requires, relate what his Lordship did for his other offspring and first 
of his son, James Montgomery (often before named). Him his Lordship called home from his 
travels, after he had been in France, Germany, Italy, and Holland (divers months in each of these 
countrys) ; and finding him fit for business, sent him to Court in England, Ao. 1623, to obviate the 
mischief feared from Sir Thomas Smith's complaints (as hath already been said) ; and there the 
said James continued to study the laws at the Inns of Court, and attending all his father's business 
which came before King James or King Charles, till Ao. 26. Car. that patents were passed to his 
father for his estate ; and then being called home (for now the clouds of danger, from the two 
Smiths 20 aforesaid, were blown over), he was, some months after that time, employed as his father's 
agent, both in the country and in Dublin, so that he became an expert solicitor, courtier, and states- 
man, as before his travel he had been a pregnant scholar, and taken his degrees as of Master in the 
liberall arts in the University of St. Andrews. The certificate, under the seal, I have shown to 
many persons who had esteem of learning. 

Now before I leave this brief account of him, I take the liberty to relate one instance of favour 
to him from the Royal Martyr, viz., His Majesty went to shoot at the Butts ; 21 necessaries were 

ing century. Anne Lambert, who was born in 1752, at *> Two Smiths, Sir William and Sir Thomas. See 

Dunleady, and became countess of Annesley, had a p. 77, supra. 

fortune of .15,000 ; and Alary Cowan, wife of Alexander 2I The Butts. This phrase means literally the mark at 
Stewart, who purchased what had been the Montgomery which archers shoot, but was used more generally to de- 
estates from the Colvilles, had a fortune of .150,000. note the place set apart in each district for the practice of 

18 Portaferry aforesaid. This Hugh Savage, son of archery. Several old statutes from the I3th to the i6th 

Patrick, died unmarried in 1666. The name of the two century made the practice of archery in England imper- 

sisters were Elizabeth and Sarah. Elizabeth married ative, and directed that the leisure time of young men, 

George Wilton, esq., Gaalstown, county of Westmeath; especially on holydays, should be devoted to the use of 

and Sarah became the wife, first, of sir Bryan O'Neill, of the bow. As the church then enforced the observance of 

Bakerstown, bart. , so created for his gallantry at the so many holydays, the time thus set apart for archery 

battle of Edge-Hillj and, secondly, of Richard Rich, esq. practice would be quite sufficient to enable one to acquire 

*' Patrick Savage, Esq. On the death of Hugh in 1666, the art to perfection. It is rather remarkable that all the 

the family estate passed to his cousin, Patrick Savage of laws for the encouragement of archery should have been 

Derry, a townland in the little Ards (see Reeves' Eccl. introduced subsequently to the invention of gun-powder and 

Antiquities, p. 23), afterwards of Portaferry, who died in fire-arms. Lord Herbert of Cherbury, who lived in the 

1724, aged 82, reign of James I., wrote it as his deliberate conviction that 


brought, the King desires Mr. Montgomery to try one of the bows, and he shot three or 
four ends with his Majesty so very well that he said, " Mr. Montgomery, that bow fitts your 
hand, take them and a quiver of arrows and keep them for your use." I was told this by my 
father, who carefully preserved them, and divers times (in my sight) used them at Rosemount, 
charging me to do so likewise; 22 they were left to his nephew Savage's care, Ao. 1649, who 
restored them to me at my return ; the bow was too strong for me, and he using it, it broke in 
his hands ; one half of it was desired and made a staff for the old Countess of Strevling, 2 3 when 

good archers would do more execution on the battlefield than 
infantry armed with musquets, even at that period. The 5th 
of Edward I V. , c. 4, enacts that every Englishman in Ireland 
shall be obliged to have a bow in his house, of his own 
length, either of yew, wych-hazel, ash, or awburn, pro- 
bably alder. There is a Scotch statute of the year 1457, 
which directs butts and bowmarks to be erected in every 
parish. The French having very convincing proofs of the 
superiority of English archers, began also to encourage 
the regular practice of the bow. See Harrington on The 
Ancient Statutes, pp. 424, 425. In the reign of Henry 
VIII., the law ordained that every man should have a 
bow and arrows continually in his house, that he should 
have bows and arrows for his sons and servants, and that 
every servant above seventeen, and under sixty years of 
age, should pay 6s. 8d. if found without a bow and arrows 
for one month. The inhabitants of every city, town, 
hamlet, and country district, were required by law to erect 
Butts, and practise shooting at the times above-mentioned. 
In Coates's History of the Town of Reading, there are 
curious entries printed from churchwardens' accounts, in 
reference to archery accommodation. Thus, in the Vestry 
Book of St. Lawrence Parish, there is the following 
entry: "A.D. 1549. Paid to William Watlynton for 
that the parishe was indebted to hym for makyng of the 
Butts, xxxvi s." The Vestry Book of St. Mary's, under 
the year 1566, has the following: "Item, for the makyng 
of the Butts, viii s," and, under the year 1622, "Paid 
two laborers to playne the grounde where the Butts should 
be, vs vid; 1629 "Paid towards the Butts mending, 
iis vid." In the parish of St. Giles's Vestry Book are 
the following entries: " 1566 Item, For carryinge of 
turfes for Butts xvi d. " 1605 Three laboureres, two days 
work aboute the Butts iiii s. Carrying ix load of turfes for 
the Butts iis. " For two pieces of timber to fasten on 
the railes of the Butts iiii d. " "1621 The parishioners 
did agree that the church wardens and constables should 
sett up a payre of Butts, in such place as they thinke most 
convenient, in St. Giles parish, which Butts to cost xis." 
The kings of England, generally, encouraged and practised 
archery, their example rendering it fashionable as an 
amusement, long after it had ceased to be a means of war. 
It appears from the text that Charles I. was not an ex- 
ception in this respect. That monarch issued a procla- 
mation in the 8th year of his reign, to prevent the fields 
near London from being so inclosed as to interrupt the 
necessary and profitable exercise of shooting. In Mark- 
ham's History of Archery, published in 1634, Charles I. is 
represented in the dress and attitude of a bowman. 
History of Reading as quoted in Brand's Popular Antiquities, 
vol. ii., p. 235; Penny Cyclopedia, vol. ii., p. 274. 

n To do liknvise. This bow was no doubt of yew, the 

most approved wood. Barrington is of opinion that the 
planting of yew trees in church-yards throughout England 
was done to protect them most effectually from cattle. 
This practice, it appears, was not known throughout other 
parts of Europe. By 4 Henry V., c. 3, it appears that 
the Asp was the best wood for arrows. Observations on 
the Ancient Statutes, p. 424, note. In the following words 
Holinshed indignantly laments the decay or disuse of 
archery in England: "Cutes the Frenchman and Rutters, 
deriding, &c. , will not let, in open skirmish, to turn up their 
tails and cry, Shoote Englishmen! and all because our 
strong shooting is decayed and laid in bed; but if some of 
our Englishmen now. lived, that served Edward III., the 
breech of such a varlet should have been nailed to him with 
an arrow, and another feathered in his bowels," Statute 
of Kilkenny, p. 23, note. 

^3 Old Countess of Strevling. This old lady, widow of 
the first earl of Stirling, was Janet, daughter and heiress 
of sir William Erskine, cousin german of the earl of Mar, 
the regent. She was the mother of seven sons and two 
daughters. The names of her sons were William, Anthony, 
Henry, John, Charles, Ludovick, and James. Her 
daughters were Jean and Mary. Her husband, the first earl, 
purchased a place of interment in Bowie's aisle, a part of the 
High Church of Stirling. In this he erected a sand- 
stone tablet in memory of his wife's parents, bear- 
ing a Latin inscription, which, with the following 
translation, is printed in the Rev. Dr. Rogers' Volume, 
entitled, Week at Bridge of Allan, I2ino, 1858: "Here 
lies in hope of the resurrection, William Erskine, of the 
order of knights, along with his wife, Joanna, a woman of 
singular virtue, of illustrious birth, and sprung from the 
main line of the Erskines, leaving behind them an only 
daughter, who was afterwards married to William Alex- 
ander, a distinguished knight, Master of Request to King 
James, Secretary and Commissioner of Exchequer to 
Charles. This love has blessed that daughter with a 
numerous offspring, and has raised this monument to her 
illustrious parents." "Bowie's aisle" was the earl's last 
resting-place also. Sir James Balfour has the following no- 
tice of the earl's burial therein : "In February this Zeire, 
also, deyed William, earle of Streueling, viscount Canada, 
lord Alexander, principal secretary for Scotland to king 
Charles first, London. Hes bodey was embalmed, and 
by sea transported to Streueling, and ther privately interred 
by night in Bowie's lyle, in Streueling churche the I2th 
Aprile, 1640." After his death, his countess lived at 
Mount- Alexander with her daughter, the wife of the second 
viscount Montgomery. She was alive in 1656, and 
at her death is believed to have been interred in 
the family vault of the Montgomerys at Newton. In 
consideration of her husband's services, the countess had 



she was entertained here by her daughter, the ad Viscountess Montgomery, at Mount Alexander 
house. 24 

His Lordship, to compensate the said James's constant, dutiful, well performed services, and 
to give him a zd son's portion, settled on him about ten townlands, 2 ^ five of them about Gray Abbey 
aforesaid, the rest in the barony of Castlereagh, and one summer, Ao. 1631, matched him to 
Katherine, 26 eldest daughter pf Sir William Stewart, 2 ? Knight and Baronet, a Privy Councellor. 

a warrant from Charles I., for a pension of yx> per 
annum. She had come to Ireland to enjoy the society of 
her favourite daughter, viscountess Montgomery. MS. 
Memoir of Sir William Alexander. See Appendix G. 

24 Mount- Alexander House. This residence, in the 
vicinity of Comber, was built for th 2 accommodation of the 
second viscount on his marriage, and was thus named in 
honour of his wife. Her son, who became an earl, 
adopted the name as that of his earldom, also in honour of 
his mother's family. In the patent of 1637, the lands ad- 
joining this residence are described as constituting the 
manor of Mount- Alexander or Comber. The house has 
long since disappeared, and its site is now known as the 
castle farm. Mount-Alexander is a townland of 400 acres 
in the parish of Comber, and was purchased a few years 
ago by the late marquis of Londonderry from Nicholas De 
la Cherois Crommelin, Carrowdore, esq. Great difficulty 
was experienced in making title, there being no such town- 
land in the patents, this being, as it were, made up 
from the skirts of several townlands. However, the 
difficulty was overcome at last. 

33 About ten townlands. This grant from the first 
viscount Montgomery to sir James is dated the 2Oth April, 
1629. The lands "about Greyabbey," including the site 
and surroundings of the old monastery, were Ballymone- 
stragh alias Corvallie, Ballynester, Ballyneboyle, the 
quarter of the Cardie, the half of Ballygrange and a 
portion of Ballyblacks alias Ballynepistragh. The lands 
included in this grant which lay on the opposite shore of 
Strangford Lough, were Ballylisnebarnes, Ballytullynegny, 
Ballydromcreagh, Ballyobonden, Ballymonestragh alias 
Belfort, the half of Ballygraffan, and the quarter of Kil- 
mood. These lands lay in the ancient subdivision of 
Southern Clannaboy known as Sluthendricks. They 
are situate in the parishes of Kilmood and Killinchy and 
barony of Upper Castlereagh. Inquisitions, Down, no. 
109, Car. I. The lands in the parish of Greyabbey in- 
cluded, besides those already mentioned, the following 
subdivisions, viz. , Islandmore, held by Hugh Montgomery, 
jun. ; Islandmaddy alias Dogg-iland; Ballybrian held by 
William and Archibald Edmonston; and Tullykeavin in the 
possession of John Peacock, who, with his undertenants, 
also occupied the Cardie. For this estate sir James Mont- 
gomery engaged to pay the sum of three pounds ten 
shillings yearly to the king, and five pounds yearly to 
viscount Montgomery, the lord of the soil, in two equal 
payments to be made at Easter and the Feast of St. 
Michael the Archangel. To hold for ever in free and 
common soccage. MS. preserved at Donaghadee. The 
following document, having reference to this ar- 
rangement between the first viscount and his son James, 
is printed in Fraser's Memorials, vol. ii., p. 288: 

"Obligation by James Montgomery to Hugh, Viscount Mont~ 
f ornery, of Airdes, his father, y>th January, 1629. 

"Be it knowen to all men by these presentis, me, James Mont- 

f ornery, secound lauchfull sone to ane noble lord, Hew, Viscount 
lontgomery, of Airdes ; that wheras the Right Honourable Alex- 
ander, Erie of Eglintoun, out of the speciall grace and favour which 
he beiris to my said Lord and father, and to all us that ar his 
childerene, hes bene pleased to honour us by affording his Lordshipis 
panes and travell to sie a present settling of our estaitis, to the better 
lyking of our said father and our greatar quyet and content : Wit, 
yea thirfoir me, the said James Montgomery, by these presentis, not 
only to testifie that I am weill pleased with that provision and estait 
which my said Lord and Father has allottit unto me now, bot also, 
(out of the consideratioun and trust I have of the said noble Erie his 
love and favour), to be bund and obleist that I shall nevor seik, have, 
nor crave any farder of the landis and inheritances which my said father 
dois now reallie and actuallie possess, or hes reicht and tytle to ac- 
cleame, nor move or proceed in anie such purches frome my said 
father, or prpcuir, ather be me self or be any utheris to my use, ather 
in landis or in sowmes of money, by landis frae his Lordship, for en- 
lairging of my estait, to the burdening, hurt, or prejudice of his Lord- 
ship's air (heir), without the speciall advyse and consent of the said 
Noble Erie, Alexander Erie of Eglintoun, first had and obtainit 
thairto : In witness wherof I have heirto set my hand and seale at 
Eglintoun, the penult day of Januar, the year of God i ra vi c twentie 
nyne yeares. " J. MONTGOMERY. 

" Signed, subscryvit, and delyvere J, in presence of us, 

" NKILL MONTGOMERIE of Langschaw. 
"J. S., Grinok JOHN SCHAW, of Greenock.) 
" T. NEVIN of Monkridding. 
"PATRICK SCHAW of Kelsoland." 

36 Katherine. This lady's mother was Frances, second 
daughter of sir Robert Newcomen of Mosstown, in the 
county of Longford, and Catherine, daughter of sir Thomas 
Molyneux, chancellor of the Irish Exchequer in the reign 
of Elizabeth. Lodge's Irish Peerage, edited by Archdail, 
vol. vi., p. 247. 

"i Sir William Stewart. William Stewart was pro- 
bably of the family of Dunduffe, which is the name of an 
estate in the parish of Maybole, Ayrshire. The name of 
an ancestor, also called Williame Stewarte of Dundufe, 
appears in the list of assize at a criminal trial, in 1558. In 
the following year a crown charter was given by Mary 
queen of Scots, of the lands of Aleikle Sallathane Willielmo 
Dunduff de eodem et Elizabeths Carry ejtts conjugi. 
From this it appears that the laird was sometimes called 
Dunduff and sometimes Stewart, although the latter was 
the real surname. The sir William Stewart mentioned in 
the text, was grandson of the above named, and succeeded 
to the family property in Maybole, about the year 1609. 
The estate passed from the family of Stewart, finally, in 
the year 1668, and was afterwards owned by the Whitefords. 
Paterson, County of Ayr. vol. ii., p. 354; See also 
Harris, Hibernica,^. 179,241. Before coming to Ulster 
in 1608, William Stewart, and his younger brother Robert, 
served as soldiers of fortune, in the armies of Denmark and 
Sweden. Although sir William attained to great wealth 
as a settler, his beginnings were evidently small. A 
Lambeth MS. , entitled A Relation of the workes done by 
the Scottish undertakers on their several portions of lande 
assigned them in the Escheated Counties of Ulster ; has the 



Then about this time his Lordship called home his third son, George Montgomery, Esq., from 
his travels in Holland, through London, where he stayed some months at Court. Thence to Scot- 
land, where he had visited (as he had been ordered) the family of Garthland, 28 and there stayed some 
time to be acquainted with the Gentlewoman designed to be his wife, which, in Ao. 1633, came to 
pass, his Lordship having first settled on him the lands, value about 3oo/. per annum, which Hugh 
(the said George his son) now enjoys. 2 9 These M'Dowells, Lairds of Garthland, near Portpatrick, 
have now stood in that place above 1000 years ; and were, in the first century, stiled Princes of 
Galloway, by allowance of the then Kings in Scotland. 3 

following brief notice of his original place of settlement, in 
1611 : "William Stewarte, Lo. Dunduffe, undertaker of 
1000 acres in the said precinct (Portlagh), his brother was 
heere for him the somer 1610, and retourned into Scotland ; 
he hath lefte a servant to keepe his stocke upone the land, 
beinge two mares and 30 heades of cattle younge and 
old." In 1627, Charles I., wrote to lord deputy Falk- 
land, stating that sir William Stewart, as captain of 
one of the foot-bands of the army in Ulster, had incurred 
great expenses "by maintaining the old and new soldiers 
under his command, without which they had long since 
disbanded," and ordering the deputy to take immediate 
steps to have this debt discharged. In 1629, sir William 
obtained a grant from the crown of the lands of Cooleleaghy, 
in the barony of Raphoe, Donegal, which he had formerly 
held as an undertaker. These premises were, according 
to the terms of the grant, to be constituted into a manor, 
to be called the manor of Mount-Stewart, with power to 
create tenures, to hold 400 acres in demesne, to appoint 
court baron and court leet, to claim waifs and strays, and 
to impark 300 acres. In the same year he obtained grants 
from the crown of \\\s,four proportions, 4000 acres, in the 
county of Tyrone. Two of these, called Ballynaconnally 
and Ballyravill, in the barony of Clogher, were erected 
into a manor, also known as Mount- Stewart. The two 
others, called Newton and Lislapp, in the barony of 
Strabane, were erected into the manor of New Stewarts- 
stown, or Newtown-stewart. All these lands in Tyrone 
were held on the same terms of free and common soccage, 
and with the same privileges as the grant in Donegal 
above-mentioned. In 1631, sir William, in conjunction 
with sir Henry Tichbourne, obtained a grant of the rents 
and profits of such lands in the province of Ulster as were 
found by Inquisition to have been forfeited to the crown, 
in consequence of their having been let to the Irish, con- 
trary to the provisions contained in the patents of the 
undertakers. Morrin's Calendar, Charles /., pp. 298, 
454, 476, 538, 588. 

28 Family of Garthland. This was the family of sir 
John M'Dowall (MacDubhghaill), whose daughter, Griz- 
zel, soon afterwards became the wife of George Mont- 
gomery. Garthland is in the parish of Stonykirk, Wig- 
tonshire, about five miles S.S.E. of Stranraer. It has 
passed away from the family of the original possessor, 
and now belongs to the earl of Stair. The name was 
anciently written Gairachloyne, or Garochloyne. See 
Agnew's Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway, pp. 28, 29. 

" Now enjoys. These lands were afterwards granted in 
trust for George Montgomery, by his brother Hugh, the 
second viscount Ards. It was found by Inquisition (Down, 
no. 109, Car. I. ) that Hugh, lord viscount Montgomery, by 

deed, dated the 6th of October, 1639, granted to sir James 
Montgomery, of Rosemount, kt., Patrick Savage of Porte- 
ferry, Henry Savage of Arkin, William Shaw of New- 
towne, and John Montgomery of Ballycreboy, esqs., the 
manor of Downbreaklyn, and all the townes, lands, and 
hereditaments of Ballymilagh (now Mealough), Bally- 
knockbreda, Ballycarny (now Ballycairne), Ballydown- 
eagh (now Duneight, parish of Blaris), Ballyclogher (now 
Clogher), Ballyaghlisk (now Ballyaglis, parish of Dram- 
beg), Lisnet!Tioe (now Lisnoe, parish of Blaris), and that 
part of Baliylessan containing 140 acres, in the possession 
of George Montgomery of Drumfaddy. The printed 
abstract of the Inquisition in the Calendar does not state 
the trusts of the above Deed; but an original copy of 
the latter, found among the family papers at Donaghadee, 
contains additional details. The grant confers the power 
to hold "court leet and court baron of the said manor, 
with all and singular the castles, houses, fishings, mines, 
&c., together with the rectorial tythes of the lands of 
Ballyhaughlisk (now Ballyaghlis), belonging to y* Rec- 
tory of Drum, on y e Laggan, to be held in free and 
common soccage, as of the manor of Newtown, by the 
rents and services after mentioned; To the use of Geo. 
Montgomery during his natural life, and after his decease 
to the following uses, viz., for a joynture to his wife, then 
to the use of Hugh Montgomery, and the heirs male of 
his body, and for want thereof to the heirs male of said 
lord, and for want thereof to the heirs male of said sir 
James Montgomery, and so to the heirs generally ; Yield- 
ing at y 6 feasts of Michaelmas and the Annunciation of 
the Blessed Virgin, by equal halfs, the yearly rent of Five 
Pounds sterlg. , and a good, able, serviceable horse worth 
ten pounds English at least. Alsoe, from tyme to 
tyme at all tymes hereafter an able hors and man to 
attend y person of y e Lord and his heirs male in all 
generall Hostings 40 days in Ulster. And if the said Five 
Pounds be unpaid in part or in whole for 40 days (being 
lawfully demanded) power of distress for y e rent, and for 
the hors after a year, the heir being at age, and, after due 
warning, for y e horsman also. In consideration whereof, the 
lord and his heirs to pay the crown rent due thereoutforever. 
Seizin of the premises thereon given to the feoffees." 

3 The then kings of Scotland. The MacDowalls of 
Garthland represented the ancient thanes of Galloway. 
" The three great families of Garthland, Logan, and 
Freuch all bore, with certain differences, the arms of 
the old lords of Galloway a lion argent on an azure 
shield." Agnew's Hereditary Sheriffs, p. 28. One 
of the earliest of their charters speaks of the origin of 
the family as ultra memoriam hominum, or as lost in 
antiquity. Ulrig and Donald MacDowall were leaders at 


Now having spoken of the said Lord Montgomery's offspring, as to what his Lordship did for 
them, I think it a due gratitude in this place to remember his Lordship's said brother George, the 
best and closest friend he had, they two being, like Castor and Pollux, to supply one another's 
absence. You have heard in what station he lived before Ao. 1603, and what preferment King 
James gave him, in the first year of his reign.3 1 Soon after this, his Majesty, finding the Dean of 

the battle of the Standard, in 1238, where they were both 
slain. The family is represented at the present time by the 
MacDo walls of Logan, in the parish of Kirkmaiden. Of 
this house was the well-known Andrew MacDowall, lord 
Bankton, a judge of the court of session, and author of 
"Institutes of the Laws of Scotland." He was the son of 
Robert MacDowall and Sarah Shaw, daughter of sir John 
Shaw of Greenock. Lord Bankton was born at Logan in 
1685, and died at Bankton in East Lothian in 1760. 
Chalmers' Caledonia, vol. iii., 379; Neu< Stat. Ace. of 
Scotland, Wigtonshire, p. 206. As this was one of the most 
powerful of Scottish families in ancient times, and as it is 
here specially noticed by the author in connexion with the 
family of Ards, we give sir Andrew Agnew's account of 
its three principal branches. He states that "the Garth- 
land descent alone has been accurately preserved: 


" i. Dougall McDowall of Garthland, who had a charter from 
Baliol, A D. 1295. 

"3. Dougall McDowall, son of the above 1362. 

" 3. Fergus McDowall, son of the above 1370 ; was sheriff-depute 
of Galloway. 

"4. Thomas McDowall, married a daughter of Wallace of Craigie; 
had a charter of earl Douglas, 1413; a witness to charter of Andrew 
Agnew of Lochnaw, first hereditary sheriff of Galloway, 1426; his 
daughter (or grand-daughter) married Andrew Agnew, second here- 
ditary sheriff; succeeded by his son. 

"5. Uchtred McDowall, succeeded 1440; married daughter of 
Robert Vauss of Barnbarroch (sister of dame Marietta Agnew, wife 
of third sheriff), and had 

"6. Thomas McDowall, circa. 1470; married daughter of Fraser, 
ancestor of Lord Saltoun; his son, 

"7. Uchtred McDowall, succeeded 1488; married Isabel, daughter 
of sir John Gordon of Lochinvar; killed, as was also his eldest son, at 
Flodden, 1513. 

"8. Thomas McDowall, married Isabel, daughter of sir Alexander 
Stewart of Garlics: killed at Flodden, 1513, leaving a son, 

"o. Uchtred McDowall, succeeded his grandfather in 1513; 
married his cousin, Marion, daughter of sir Alexander Stewart, of 
Garlics (sister of dame Agnes Agnew of Lochnaw), and had 

" 10. John McDowall, succeeded 1531; married Margaret daughter 
and co-heiress of John Campbell of Corswall ; killed at Pinkie, 1547, 
leaving a son, 

"n. Uchtred McDowall, retoured in 1548, before Patrick Agnew, 
sheriff of Galloway, as heir to his father; married ist, Margaret, 
daughter of sir Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains ; married 2nd, 
Margaret, daughter of Henry lord Methven; his son, 

" 12. Uchtred McDowall, succeeded 1593; married 1569, Eupheme, 
daughter of sir John Dunbar of Mochrum; his son, 

" 13. John McDowall, succeeded 1600; married a lady of the house 
of Lochinvar ; his son, 

"14. Sir John McDowall, succeeded 1611, and married Margaret 
Kerr, daughter of Lord Jedburgh, and left, 

"15. Sir James McDowall, succeeded 1637; married Jean, daughter 
of sir John Hamilton of Grange. (Colleague of sir Patrick Agnew as 
M.P. for Wigtonshire, 1643, and of sir Andrew Agnew as M.P. 1644 
to 1647.) His son, 

" 16. William McDowall, succeeded 1661; married Grizzel, daughter 
of A. Beaton (was colleague of sir Andrew Agnew, tenth sheriff, in 
Parliament, 1689 to 1700); had ten children; his son, 

" 17. Alexander McDowall, succeeded 1700; married Jean, 
daughter of sir John Fergusson of Kilkerran, and had a son, heir, 

"18. William McDowall, laird of Garthland, 1747. William 
McDowall's (No. 16) fifth son, William McDowall, a military officer, 
married Mary Tovie, a West India heiress. In 1727, he purchased 
Castle-Semple, and died in 1748. His grandson, William, in 1760, 

purchased Garthland from his cousin, a grandson also of William (No. 
16), and on his cousin's death in 1775, became head of the house, 
which is now represented by Major General Day Hort McDowall." 


"The family of Logan indignantly deny the statements of Craw- 
ford and Chalmers that they are cadets of the House of Garthland. 
For their arguments on this subject, see Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. ii., 
and Murray's Literary History of Galloway. 

The oldest papers of the family were destroyed circa 1500 by the 
burning of their castle of Balzeiland. 

" The first authentic account of the family is to be found in tha 
Lochnaw charter-chest where 

"i. Patrick McDouall of Logan appears as a witness to the 
service of Andrew Agnew of Lochnaw, as heir to his father, Andrew 
Agnew, in his estates and office of sheriff of Galloway, 1455. 

"a. Patrick McDouall, his son, married Catherine, daughter of 
sir Alexander McCulloch of Myrtoun, previous to 1494; and had a 

" 3. Charles McDowall, killed at Flodden; leaving a son. 

"4. Patrick, succeeded 1513; whose son, 

"5. Charles, had, A.D. 1547, a dispensation to Mary Alisone Max- 
well, his cousin in the 3rd and 4th degree he left 

"6. Patrick, succeeded 1548; married 1568, Helen, daughter of 
Uchtred McDowall, of Garthland. 

"7. John McDouall, his son, succeeded 1579, and married, first, 
Grizzel, daughter of sir Patrick Vaus of Barnbarroch, and widow of 
J. Kennedy of Barwhannie; and second, Margaret, daughter of Craw- 
ford of Carse; his son, 

"8. Alexander McDouall, succeeded 1618, married, 1621, Jane, 
daughter of sir Patrick Agnew of Lochnaw, his son, 

"9. Patrick McDouall, succeeded 1661 ; married Isabel, daughter 
of sir Robert Adair, of Kilhilt. 

" 10. Robert McDouall, his son, succeeded 1699, having married, 
1678, Sarah, daughter of sir John Shaw of Greenock, by whom he 
had, with his successor, Andrew McDouall, born 1685, the celebrated 
lawyer, styled lord Bankton. 

" ii. John McDouall married, 1710, Anna, daughter of Robert 
Johnston of Keltoun, who had (with Isabel, married 1733, Andrew 
Adair of Genoch) 

" 12. John McDouall, his successor, married, 1757, Helen, daugh- 
ter of George Buchan of Kells. 


" This was also a powerful house. We have traced its successions, 
but have not been always able to discover the dates. The first on 
authentic record is 

"i. Gilbert McDowall, circa, 1445, married Catherine McGiligh; 
his son, 

"2. Fergus McDowall, married Agnes, daughter of sir Alexander 
McCulloch of Myrtoun; he predeceased his father, leaving a son, 

" 3. Gilbert McDowall, succeeded his grandfather; married Isabel, 
daughter of sir Robert Gordon of Lochinvar, killed at Flodden. 

"4. Fergus McDowall, succeeded 1513, married lady Jane 
Kennedy, daughter of David, first earl of Cassilis, killed at Pinkie. 

" 5. James McDowall, succeeded 1547, married Florence, daughter 
of John McDowall of Garthland. 

"6. Mary McDowall, daughter and heiress of No. 5, marritd her 
kinsman, John McDowall of Dowalton, and left a son, 

"7. John McDowall, married Mary, daughter of sir Patrick Vaus 
of Barnbarroch. 

"8 Uchtred McDowall, son of No. 7, married Agnes, daughter 
of sir Patrick Agnew of Lockanaw. 

"9. Patrick McDowall, (his son) married Barbara daughter of 
James Fullerton of that Ilk; his son, 

"10. Patrick McDowall, succeeded 1680, married Margaret, 
daughter of William Hattridge of Dromore, county of Down, leaving 
a son. 

Sfieriffs of Galloway, pp. 61316. 

3 1 Year of his reign. See p. 28, supra. 


Norwich, his chaplain, Geo. Montgomery aforesaid, his abilitys for state affairs and his great skill 
in ecclesiastical matters, and the Church of Ireland being under very bad circumstances, and being 
careful that abuses should be redressed, (I say) his Majesty thereupon sent over the said George, 
Ao. 1605, 3d Jac., in quality of a Privy Councellor, to be informed and to acquaint him in what 
condition the Church and State stood in that kingdom, and to be one of the Commissioners for set- 
tling clergy affairs : this proved much for their and that Church's benefit, and his carriage therein 
so well pleased the Primate, Archbishops, and Bishops, that he was their darling and chief advocate, 
but his employment ran counter to some English Lords and others of the laity, who had grasped 
over hardly too much of the tithes due to the Priest's office. 3 2 

After a few years toilsome pains to understand the business of his errand and of the commision 
for settling the affairs aforesaid, the chaplain George aforesaid was employed Ao. 1606, 4th Jac., by 
the Primate and the Bishops in Ireland, to represent to his Majestic the grievances of the clergy, to 
the great thwarting and hinderance of the laity aforesaid, in their will and designs, on which (as I have 
heard from his daughter, the old Lady of Howth,) they had a great grudge against him ;33 but he, 

3* Priesfs office. It would thus appear that Dr. George 
Montgomery came to Ulster prior to his appointment as 
bishop of Derry, Raphoe, and Clogher, being sent 
specially by the king, as a privy councillor, to collect 
information, generally, respecting political and ecclesiasti- 
cal matters in the northern province, as well as to in- 
quire into what lands, castles, advowsons, &c. , had been 
escheated in the counties of Armagh, Tyrone, Coleraine, 
Donegal, Fermanagh, and Cavan, distinguishing the ec- 
clesiastical lands from the lands belonging to the crown. 
He appears to have at once come into hostile collision 
"with some English lords and others of the laity" who 
had got hold of certain church property, and were of 
course unwilling to surrender it again. The author here, 
no doubt, refers especially to the fact that some lands 
"belonging to the bishoprick, within the island (i.e., the 
Island of Derry), the cathedral and parochial churches, 
and the bishop's house in Derry, had passed to sir R. 
Bingley in fee-farm, and from him to sir H. Docwra, and 
from him to sir George Pawlett." Other impropriations 
appeared, but those above-named seem to have aroused 
all Dr. Montgomery's powerful antagonism, and especially, 
perhaps, as he had then the prospect of being appointed 
to the bishoprick. When he did become bishop, these 
church possessions were all recovered by him, together 
with a "church which sir Henry Docwra had built at the 
expense of the city, and which was withheld by Pawlett, 
the vice provost, as sold to him." See Meehan's Earls 
of 'Tyrone and Tyrconnel, p. 77. 

33 Grudge against him. Thus, in the interval between his 
appointment to the sees of Derry, Raphoe, and Clogher, 
in 1605, and his coming to settle permanently in the 
spring of 1607, the bishop was actively engaged in devising 
those measures by which the church property was restored. 
Sir John Davis, the attorney-general, complained of the 
bishop for absenting himself so long from his charge, but 
the latter was much better employed in London than he 
could have been in Derry or Clogher, at least for the tem- 
poral interests of the church ; and when he came, he must 
nave soon made his presence felt, as the champion of the 
spoliated and poverty-stricken clergy. He thus excited 

against himself 'the grudge' of protestant impropriators in 
Derry, and being satisfied that several lands belonging to 
the church were included in the re-grant which the earl of 
Tyrone had recently received from the crown, the bishop 
set to work to recover these also. During his proceedings 
for this purpose, Tyrone remonstrated, saying, "My lord, 
you have two or three bishopricks, and yet you are not 
content with them, but seek the lands of my earldom." 
"Your earldom" replied Montgomery, "is swollen so big 
with the lands of the church, that it will burst if it be not 
vented." Carleton's Thankful Remembrance, as quoted 
in Meehan's Earls of Tyrone and Tvrconnel, p. 79. The 
unfortunate earl, feeling utterly helpless, wrote to the king, 
on the 26th of May, 1607, reminding his majesty of the 
terms on which he had received the recent grant of his 
lands, and asking James to protect him against threatened 
dangers from various quarters. "But now, most gracious 
sovereign," he writes, "there are so many that seek to de- 
prive me of the greater part of my residue which your 
majesty was pleaded I should hold, as without your high- 
ness's special consideration of me I shall in the end have 
nothing to support my estate ; for the lord bishop of Derry, 
not contented with the great living your majesty has been 
pleased to bestow upon him, seeketh not only to have from 
me unto him a great part of my lands, whereunto none of 
his predecessors ever made claim, but also setteth on others, 
as I am informed, to call in question that which was never 
heretofore doubted to be mine and my ancestors. " The 
' others ' to whom Tyrone here refers was principally Donald 
BallaghO'Cahan.whoenteredintoan agreement with bishop 
Montgomery, offering to reveal to him the church lands in 
Tyrone's estates, on condition that Montgomery would se- 
cure him against O'Neill's vengeance, and assist him in 
obtaining a grant of his own lands from the crown, thus 
relieving him in future from that chieftain's power. Both 
one and other, however, were sooner relieved from Tyrone's 
antagonism and even his presence in Ulster, than they had 
dreamed of. Of the earl's flight, and its cause, we have 
the following account from Dr. Carleton, bishop of Chester, 
a contemporary of the actors in that still somewhat myste- 
rious affair: "Montgomery, bishop of Derry, suspected, 


having the best cause in hand and his native Prince's favourable hearing in God's and his servant's 
concern, did prosper in that message, and at the .Council Board (where he sat) had the King's 
orders confirmed and by others obeyed. 

Now Chaplain Montgomery became more and more esteemed of the superior and inferior 
clergy, and was recommeded by the Bishops that he should have the diocess of Deny, and with it 
Clogher and Raphoe in commendam, which were then very low in tithes and revenues, by reason 
of O'Doherty's rebellion, in which Derry was sacked and burned, and the lands being as it were a 
waste wilderness without English plantations and garrisons ; and laying further Church business 
on him, as their agent at Court, he went the second time into England. 34 I was credibly informed, 
that divers Lords (some of them Privy Counsellors) gave him the compliment of seeing him to the 
ship, telling him, at parting, that he should fail in that enterprize which he then undertook, and 
that his answer was My Lords, I am going to the King, and you know it is the business of God's 
oppressed Church, which His Majesty and the laws protect, and if the divine permission suffer my 
errand to miscarry, through yours and other men's profanement, I shall lament the misfortune in 
England, and our sins which may draw on us that punishment, and be contented with my livings 
in England, for I am not pursuing preferment for myself, but the service of the Church in Ireland ; 
and I will cast my cap at this kingdom, and never return to it. But, be assured, whether I come 
back or not, the sinful politick measures taken against God's Church will not prosper. 

Then the said Chaplain doubled his diligence at Court, the more for the opposition he met 
with ; and he obtained for the Church and himself what was committed to his agency. Then he 
returned with strict orders that the petitioned for desires of the Primate and other Episcopalians 
should be granted, and himself to be preferred to the dioceses aforesaid. All which affairs were 
accomplished as soon as might be done by the Government ; for his consecration stuck not at all 
for want of the Bishops' ordaining hands ;35 and this was very lucky for those northern parts, be- 

or was told that Tirone had gotten into his hands the as abridged and quoted by Curry, in his Review of the 

greatest part of the lands of his bishoprick; which he in- Civil Wars in Ireland, pp. 69-70. MacNevin ( Confis- 

tended in a lawful course, to recover ; and finding there cation of Ulster, p. 33, note), repudiates the idea that 

was no man could give him better light or knowledge of O'Cahan, "who was a Roman Catholic and a gentle- 

these things than O'Cahan, made use of such means that man, would communicate to the bishop of Derry any 

the latter came to him of his own accord, and told him he information which could injure his ally and friend, 

could help him to the knowledge of what he sought, but O'Neill;" but the Rev. C. P. Meehan, when speaking of 

that he was afraid of Tirone ; yet he engaged to reveal all the fate of Donald Ballagh O'Cahan and Nial Garve 

that he knew of that matter, provided the bishop would O'Donnell, both of whom died prisoners in the Tower, 

promise to save him from Tirone's violence, and not deliver says "no one lamented them, not even those who em- 

him into England ; which the bishop having promised, he ployed them to do the work of spies and delators, for 

brought O'Cahan to the council in Dublin, to take his con- they regarded them with loathing and abhorrence, as they 

fession there. Upon this, processes were sent to Tirone, to merited ; so true is the old proverb : Proditores etiam its 

warn him to come up to Dublin, at an appointed time, to qnos anteponunt invisi sunt ;" in plain English traitors 

answer the suit of the lord bishop of Derry. There was no are despised even by those they serve." Earls of Tyrone 

other intention but in a peaceable way, to bring the suit to and Tyrconnel, p. 320. 

a trial; for the council then knew nothing of the plot. 34 j n to England. The author is here evidently unac- 

But Tirone having entered into a new conspiracy of which quaint ed with the date of bishop Montgomery's advancement 

O'Cahan knew, began to suspect, when he was served to the sees of Derry, Raphoe, and Clogher, for he speaks 

with a process to answer the suit, that this was but a plot as if he had received the appointment at, or after, the date 

to draw him in, and that surely the treason was revealed of O'Doherty's rebellion. 

by O'Cahan. Upon this bare suspicion, Tirone, with his 35 Ordaining hands. It is rather remarkable that no 

confederates, fled out of Ireland, and lost all those lands in account of bishop Montgomery's consecration is known to 

the north." Carleton's Thankful Remembrance, p. 168, exist. 


cause his residence therein and watchful unwearied industry mightily advanced the British Pro- 
testant plantations, and the Bishop's revenues to treble the value he found them at, as will appear 
in the sequel of this discourse concerning that Lord Bishop.3 6 

And here I must make a large stop for want of councilable books, and the first Lord Viscount 
Montgomery's and the Bishop's own papers, out of which (if by me) I could have plentiful memoires 
of this good Bishop's memorable services for his God, King and country. I must therefore have 
leave to spare fruitless pains, being troubled with the gout. I take him where I find him, signing 
George Medensis to a deed from Sir James Hamilton to Sir Hugh Montgomery, made in parcel, 
pursuant to Abercorn's award, dated 23d May, in the year of God, 1618, as aforesaid ;3? and after 
this, for want of the said books and papers, I can say little of his transactions for the publick, but 
much of his usefulness in the plantation, of the marriage in bestowing his daughter, and his pro- 
moting Dr. Ussher to succeed him, and of some other things of lesser moment relating to him. 
I premise, to this future narrative of this Right Reverend Father, that it is most probable he was 
no lazy Bishop nor idle patriot, in the posts he held, but very prudently and sincerely, as well as 
piously, active in business, fearing God and hating covetousness, to which last quality he had no 
temptation, as being a widowers 8 long before his death, and having but one child, a daughter, to 

3* That Lord Bishop. On the 2lst July, 1609, bishop 
Montgomery was appointed one of a commission (prepara- 
tory to the final settlement of the plantation) to find what 
lands had escheated in the six counties of Armagh, Tyrone, 
Coleraine (Deny), Donegal, Fermanagh, and Cavan, 
distinguishing the ecclesiastical lands from the lands be- 
longing to the crown. The result of bishop Montgomery's 
exertions was that the king adopted almost all his recom- 
mendations, and had them carried into effect, on the final 
settlement of the plantation of Derry, in 1613, ordaining 
that all ecclesiastical lands should be restored to their 
respective sees and churches ; that all lands should be 
deemed ecclesiastical from which bishops had, in former 
times, received rents and pensions ; and that compositions 
should be made with the patentees for the sites of cathedral 
churches, and the residences of bishops and dignitaries. The 
patentees of estates were to receive equivalents, provided 
they compounded freely; otherwise, they were to be de- 
prived of their patents, on the ground that the king had been 
deceived in his grants. All its former possessions were to 
be restored to the church. To provide for the inferior 
clergy, the bishops in succession were obliged to resign 
their appropriations, and every incumbent of a parish was 
permitted to enjoy the tithes connected therewith. Every 
proportion allotted to undertakers was made a parish, with 
a parochial church to each, and each incumbent, in addition 
to his tithes and duties, had glebe lands assigned to him, 
of 60, 90, or 1 20 acres, according to the extent of his 
parish. Harris, in his edition of H'arJs Works, vol i., p. 
285, says : "There is but one parish inthediocese (ofDerry) 
that wants a glebe, which is Termonamungan, nor is there 
one sinecure in it ; every rectory being intire with the cure 
annexed. This proceeded from the care and piety of the 
bishops succeedingthe reformation, who were extraordinary 
men. Before the reformation the bishop had one-third of 
the tythes, a lay person, who was the bishop's farmer, called 
an Eirenach, had another, and the third was allowed 
for the cure. But Bishop Montgomery, who was the first 

bishop after the reformation, abolished all these, and gave 
the whole tythes to the cure, King James the First sup- 
porting and forwarding him in it." During Montgomery's 
exertions as a commissioner he prepared an interesting 
report on the Ancient estates of the bishopricks of Derry, 
Rapho, and Clogher, including a notice of the Present 
estate of the Primacy of Armagh, and of the BisJiopricks 
of Derry, Rapho, and Clougher, and of Kilmore, in the 
Province of Ulster, within the kingdom of Ireland, with 
certayne motions unto his Ma*ie for restoaring the sayd 
byshopricks, erecting of parish churches, and seminaries of 
learning within the sayd Province, and the reasons moving 
thereunto. This tract has been printed in the Ordnance 
Memoir of Londonderry, pp. 49 54, from a MS. pre- 
served in the Cottonian Library, British Museum. 

3 7 Year 1618 aforesaid. See p. 72, supra. At the time 
of lord Abercorn's award in 1618, Dr. Montgomery had 
been bishop of Meath and Clogher, nearly eight years. 
This appointment to the richer see of Meath with Clogher 
was made on the 24th of January, 1610-11, and in express 
acknowledgment of the bishop's great services on behalf 
of the church in Ulster. The language of the patent is 
"in recompence of the great charge he hath sustained, 
in attending, by our appointment, the erection and settling 
of the bishopricks and churches in the north, which he 
hath efiectuallie performed." He had already held the 
bishoprick of Clogher since 1605, but in July 24, 1610, to 
to render it more worthy of his acceptance, in addition to 
that of Meath, the abbey of Clogher, with its very large 
revenues, was annexed. See King's Letter, I2th October, 
1614 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, Jac. I., p. 275, b.). On 
the 3Oth September, 1611, the king issued another letter 
in the bishop's favour, whereby the impropriate parsonage 
of Loughsewdy, otherwise Ballymore, was annexed to 
the bishoprick of Meath. Calendarof Patent Rolls, Jac. I., 
p. 201, b. 

s 8 Being a widower. In 1614, Dr. Ussher married 
Phoebe, daughter of Dr. Luke Challoner, by whom he 


prefer'; yet he lived with great hospitality, gathering little or nothing but what he employed to 
religious uses, and building for his successor Bishops, and in charity to the poor ; and I must be 
excused for my prolixity in writing (if it be such) of this very eminent Prelate, who left behind him 
no male or other issue capable to transmit to after ages a due memory of his pious actions, and the 
precious endowments of his Heaven-born generous soul. 

Now, as to his Lordship's usefulness in advancing the British plantation in those three north- 
ern dioceses, the footsteps of his so doing are yet visible ; so that I need but tell the reader that 
he was very watchfull, and settled intelligences to be given him from all the sea ports in Donegal 
and Fermanagh, himself mostly residing Deny but when he went to view and lease the Bishop's 
lands, or settle preachers in parishes (of which he was very careful.) The ports resorted from 
Scotland were Deny, Donegal, and Killybegs ; to which places the most that came were from 
Glagow, Air, Irwin, Greenock, and Larggs, and places within a few miles of Braidstane ; and he 
ordered so that the masters of vessels should, before disloading their cargo (which was for the most 
part meal and oats), come to his Lordship with a list of their seamen and passengers. The vessels 
stayed not for a market. He was their merchant and encourager to traffick in those parts, and 
wrote to that effect (as also to the said towns wherein he was much acquainted and esteemed); and 
had proclamations made in them all, at how easy rents he would set his church lands, which drew 
hither many families ;39 among whom one Hugh Montgomery, his kinsman, a master of a vessel, 
and also owner, was one who brought his wife, children, and effects, and were settled in Derry- 
brosh,-* near Enniskillen, where his son, Mr. Nich. (my long and frequent acquaintance) aged above 

obtained large means. His wife died soon after the birth Armagh, who is the wife of sir Timothy Terrill, knight, 

of their first and only child, a daughter named Elizabeth. a great sufferer for his loyalty to his majesty and his 

This daughter was married to sir Timothy Tyrrell, of royal father, so much forfeited lands, tenements, and 

Shotover House, near Oxford. Her grandson, lieutenant- hereditaments, lately held in fee, or which paid chiefries 

general James Tyrrell, soon before his death in 1 742, to the church in this kingdom, and not already disposed 

bequeathed the Shotover estate to his kinsman, Augustus of to adventurers or soldiers, as are of the clear yearly 

Schutz, esq. Dr. Ellington's Life of Ussher, p. 38. value of five hundred pounds sterling per annum; to 

On the 1 6th of June, 1662, sir Paul Davys, knight, have and to hold to the said lady Terrill, her heirs 

his majesty's principal secretary of state, "moved the and assigns for ever. Commons Journals, vol. ii., pp. 

house in the behalf of the most reverend father in God, 65, 78. 

James, late lord primate of all Ireland, deceased, who, for 39 Hither many families. In the Calendar of Patent 

his eminent piety and profound learning, was famous all Rolls of James /., pp. 306, 307, 339, the reader will find 

over Christendom, and for his loyalty to his sovereign most the names of many persons who, in 1616 and 1617, ob- 

memorable; that his sufferings, by the rebellion in this tained letters of denization as settlers in the counties of 

kingdom, and by the late usurpers, were such, as that he Fermanagh, Tyrone, and Donegal, and several of whom 

could make no provision for his only child, from whom were doubtless encouraged to leave Scotland through the 

hath sprung a numerous issue; for which, and many more inducements held out by bishop Montgomery, 

reasons urged by the said sir Paul Davys, he desired, that *" In Dcrrybrosh. This name is now written Derry- 

this house would deliver over to posterity a testimony of brusk, from the Irish Doire-Brosgaidh. There is the fol- 

the respect they bore to that most pious and learned pre- lowing curious reference to this place in O 'Daly's satirical 

late, by conferring on his daughter, the lady Terrill, a poem entitled the Tribes of Ireland : 

grant of five hundred pounds per annum, out of such lands 

r _r jf i -j -K- r 4-u u i " At Doire-Brosgaidh, which God has not blessed, 

as are forfeited and formerly paid chiefry to the church not Starvation is ever hatching in the Church ; 

being set out to adventurers and soldiers." On the 27th A thin cake, like the fins of a fish, 

of June the house appointed a committee of its members And like the egg of a blackbird 1 got on a dish. 

to "attend upon the right honourable the lords justices, The f o ii ow i n g versified paraphrase of the passage has been 

and signify to their lordships, that it is the humble de- made by James Clarence Mangan: 
sire of this house, that their lordships and the council 

would be pleased to transmit to his majesty, in due form a "igSj^'i^^^^^^^ft 

bill, for granting unto Elizabeth lady 1 ernll, the sole M y bread there was thin as the rind of a hen egg, 

daughter and heir of the said late lord archbishop of And my fare was a butter ball, small as a wren egg." 



85 years, 41 now lives in sound memory, and is a rational man, whose help I now want, to recount 
particulars of that Bishop's proceedings in that country, whilst his Lordship stayed there ; which 
was, at least, till near Ao. 1618 aforesaid, that he was Bishop of Heath/ 2 

One other Montgomery, named Alexander (a minister), his Lordship settled near Deny. He 
was prebend of ditto, 43 and he lived till about 1658; of whose, and the aforesaid Nich. their sons, 

In a note, Dr. O'Donovan states that Derrybrusk "is the 
present name of a celebrated church near Enniskillen, in 
the county of Fermanagh, of which the family of Mac- 
Gillachoisgle (now Cosgrove) were Herenachs or hereditary 
wardens. See Annals of the Four Masters, under the 
name of Aireach Brosga, at the years 1384, 1482, 1484, 
1487, 1506, and 1514. In the Annals of Ulster, which 
were compiled in Fermanagh, it is called by both names, 
from which it might be inferred that the words Doire and 
Aireach are synonymous, meaning roboretum, a place of 
oaks." O'Daly's Tribes of Ireland, pp. 54, 55, 93. 

* l Above 85 years. Scottish genealogists represent this 
Hugh Montgomery, father of Nicholas, as fourth son of 
Adam Montgomery of Braidstane, who died in 1576. If 
so, Hugh, who settled near Enniskillen, was uncle to the 
bishop and to the first viscount Ards. See Paterson, 
Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i. , p. 230. Of Hugh 
Montgomery and his son Nicholas, the author has a more 
lengthened notice when he writes, in his concluding me- 
moirs, of several families of the surname of Montgomeiy. 
42 Bishop of Meath. The author here exhibits his 
" want of councilable books," for he is evidently uncertain 
as to the time of the bishop's translation from Deny to 
Meath. This uncertainty may have arisen to some extent 
from the fact that although the bishop was designate to the 
see of Meath in 1610, he retained the see of Clogher in 
commetidam, with that of Meath until the time of his 
death. Scotch settlers were, no doubt, coming to his 
lands in Fermanagh so late as 1618. 

*3 Prebend of ditto. The word ditto in this sentence is a 
ridiculous misprint (or misconception) for Do, the name of a 
place in the barony of Kilmacrenan, county of Donegal. 
The author of the Montgomery Manuscripts always spelled 
this name Do, as appears from the original MS. still pre- 
served, of his memoirs of Ballymagown, and some other fami- 
lies of the Montgomerys. In a deed of sale, loth March, 
1613, from sir Richard Bingley to John Sandford of Castle- 
doe, the castle of Aghadoe, otherwise Castle Tuogh, is ex- 
cepted. The castle, bawn, and precincts of Castledoe, 
granted, 7th March, in Jac. I., to Sir John Davys. 
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Jac. I., p. 268. On the 3ist 
December in the same year, sir John Davis, knight, 
attorney-general, sold to John Sandford the castle and 
curtilage of Castledoe, with the precinct thereof. 
Calendar of Patent Rolls, James I., p. 293. The 
spelling in the patent, castle tuogh, preserves the Irish 
form tuath. In O'Mellan's Irish MS. Journal of the 
Wars, Castle Doe is twice correctly written cahlen na 
d-tuath, the d eclipsing the t in tuath and making it 
sound like duath or doe. The ancient Tuath Bladhach is 
now Tuath, anglicised Doe, "a well-known district in the 
north of the barony of Kilmacrennan, situated between the 
quarters of Cloghineely and Sheephaven." See O'Dono- 
van's Four Masters, A.D. 1515, p. 1332, O'Donovan's 
edition of Irish 7'opographical Poems, p. xxxi. Castledoe 
is a townland of 221 acres, in the parish of Clondahorka, 

at the head of Sheepshaven (Ord. Sun'., sheet 26.) The 
monastery of Bally macquinadoe was situated in the same 
parish. Two quarters of land belonged to the late abbey 
of Bally M'Swyne Odoe, beside Doe castle. Ulster Inqs., 
Appendix, Donegal, Inq. 1609. The burial ground of the 
Franciscan friary of Ballymacstuyneodoe is a little south of 
the castle in the townland of Castledoe. The ancient dis- 
trict, situated opposite the island of Tory, was known as 
TuatJia Toraighe. Of this territory Moyler Murough Mac 
Swyndoe was chief, at the beginning of the I7th century. 
He was also chief leader of O'Donnell's gallowglasses. 
See Miscellany of the Celtic Society, p. 298. Doe was the 
landing-place of Owen Roe O'Neill, on his coming to Ireland 
in 1642. "It is a lofty round tower, surrounded by high 
walls, on the northern coast of Donegal, at the entrance of 
a small bay or estuary. It is in perfect preservation (1865) 
and is inhabited to the present moment. It contains seve- 
ral good rooms, especially a banqueting-hall, and the view 
from the top is grand and extensive. Up to the reign of 
Elizabeth, it was held by the MacSwines. After the rebel- 
lion of sir Cahir (O'Doherty), it came into the hands of 
captain Harte of Culmore, and is, at the present date, 
the property of lieutenant Harte, R.N., the lineal de- 
scendant of the governor of Culmore." Meehan, Earls 
of Tyrone and Tyrconnel, p. 502. Mr. Alexander 
Montgomery, to whom the author briefly refers in 
the text, was undoubtedly a member of the Hes- 
silheid branch of the Montgomery family, and James 
Paterson, esq. , author of the Account of the Parishes and 
Families of Ayrshire, is of opinion that he was the son of 
Alexander Montgomeiy, the well-known Scottish poet. 
The following are Mr. Paterson's reasons for this con- 
clusion: "A trial for witchcraft took place in Glasgow, 
on the 22nd of March, 1622. Margaret Wallace was 
accused of having consulted the late Christiane Grahame, 
a notorious witch, for various purposes; and a somewhat 
voluminous charge was made against her, amongst other 
things for having bewitched the child of Alexander 
Vallance, burgess of Glasgow, and Margaret Montgomery, 
his spouse. "Mr. Alexander Montgomery," brother of 
Mrs. Vallance, had been called as a witness regarding the 
trouble of the child, but he absented himself on the ground 
of sickness, and forwarded a certificate to that effect In 
the pleadings it was urged specially that 'his (Mr. Alex- 
ander's) deposition could nocht have been ressuavit gif he 
had compeirit, becaus it wald haife bene objictit contrair 
him, that he and Margaret Montgomerie (Mrs Vallance) 
are brother bairns of the hous of Hessilheid, quhais dochter 
is allegit to haif bene witchit.' Now, there was no one 
to whom the expression 'brother bairns' could apply, 
save to the children of captain Alexander Montgomery, 
whose elder brother, John, succeeded to the family estate 
of Hessilheid. True, when the trial took place, Robert 
the grand-nephew of the poet was in possession of the pro- 
perty; but the passage does not state the precise relation- 
ship of the parties; it merely says that they were brother 



1 shall have occasion to speak, before this be done. Thus, by the Bishop George's industry, in a 
few years, the plantation was forwarded, and Church revenues encreased greatly. I was credibly 
told, that for the encouragement of planters on Church lands, he obtained the King's orders to the 
Governors, and an act of council thereon, that all the leases he made (which were for 31 years) 
should not be taken from the planters or their posterity, at the expiration of their term, but re- 
newed to them as they held the same, they paying their Bishop one year's rent for a renewal of 
their lease, to the other 31 years, which was a very encouraging certainty for planters; but the 
Parliament since that time have taken other measures more for Bishops' than tenants' profits. 

In or about this first (or rather second) visitation of the said diocess, his Lordship married the 
Lord Brabason's daughter, 44 by whom he had divers children, none surviving him except Nicholas, 
Lord Baron of Howth, 45 his Lady, with whom he gave in marriage portion three thousand pounds 
sterling, a round sum in those days. 

bairns of the hous of Hessilheid, and there are no others in 
the pedigree of that family to whom such a reference could 
be made but to the brothers, John and Alexander, 
In 1617, they (Alex. Vallance and Margaret Montgomerie) 
had a son baptised Robert, at whose baptism one of the 
godfathers was Mr. Robert Montgomerie for whom the 
child was no doubt called. This Mr. Robert must have 
been the minister of Symington, who surrendered the 
archbishopric of Glasgow in 1587. He was a younger 
brother of Captain Montgomery. There was indeed only 
one other Mr. Robert Montgomery, described in his latter 
will, which is recorded 4th April, 1611, as 'Sumtyme 
minister at Stewartoun.' It therefore could not be this 
Mr. Robert. Mr. Alexander Montgomery, brother of 
Mrs. Vallance, was no doubt the same party who after- 
wards became 'prebend of Do.' That his father, Captain 
Alexander Montgomery, was an Episcopalian is to be 
presumed from his being a courtier of James VI., and 
from his intimacy with ' Bishop Beaton' (archbishop of 
Glasgow from 1552 to 1560, and again from 1598 to his 
death in 1603): hence the fact of his son being also an 
Episcopalian, ' prebend of Do. ' He had every inducement 
to go to Ireland. The viscount of Ardes was his cousin 
by the mother's side, and the houses of Braidstane and 
Hessilheid were descended from the same source. Nor 
had he reason to complain of the reception he met with 
from the viscount (not from the viscount, but from the 
viscounts' brother, George Montgomery, bishop of Deny, 
Raphoe, and Clogher). These facts are confirmed by 
the Hessilheid arms, which, as given in Font's MSS., 
Advocates' Library, are 'Azure, two lances of tourna- 
ment, proper, between three fleurs-de-lis, or, and in the 
chief point an annulet, or, stoned, azure, with an indenta- 
tion in the side of the shield, on the dexter side. ' The 
arms of the poet, he being a younger son, were slightly 
different two lances, with three fleurs-de-lis in chief, and 
three annulets in base, which he and his family seem to 
have cherished. They are found on a tombstone at Do 
where Mr. Alexander was prebend, united in a shield with 
those of the Conynghams, now marquis of Conyngham, 
descended from the earls of Glencairne, together with this 
inscription : ' Here lyeth tJie body of Margaret Montgomery, 
alias Conningham, who was wife of Mr. Alexander Mont- 
gomery, who deceased the 18 of June, Anno Domcni 1675.' 

Margaret had thus outlived her husband seventeen years. 
. . . It will thus appear that there are substantial 
reasons for believing that the house of Hessilheid is still 
represented by the descendants of the author of the 
Cherrie and the Slae." Notes and Queries, number for 
January 4, 1868, p. 6. There is no prebend of Do in 
Raphoe diocese, but Do is in the parish of Clondahorka, 
which, though in the gift of Trinity College, Dublin, is 
prebendal. Alexander Montgomery, M. A. , was instituted 
April, 29, 1 66 1. Cotton, Fasti. Hib., vol. iiL, p. 371. 

44 Lord Brabasorfs daughter. This lady was daughter 
of Edward Brabazon, raised to the peerage of Ireland in 
1616 as baron Brabazon of Ardee, and grand-daughter of 
the well-known sir William Brabazon, who held the ap- 
pointments of vice-treasurer and general receiver of Ire- 
land, from 1534 until the time of his decease in 1552. 
Sir Richard Cox, when chronicling the events of the last- 
mentioned years, says: "Which year was unhappy, not 
only by the civil dissensions in Ulster, between the earl 
of Tyrone and his son Shane O'Neile, and by the scarcity 
of provisions, but also by the death of sir Willian Brabazon, 
who died in July, and was one of the most faithful men to 
the English interest that had appeared in Ireland, from the 
conquest to that day." History of Ireland, vol. i., p. 293. 
His grandson, the second lord Brabazon, was created earl 
of Meath in 1627. Elizabeth Brabazon, wife of bishop 
Montgomery, remarried, after his death in 1620, with sir 
John Brereton, and died in 1639. Lodge, Peerage of Ire- 
land, edited by Archdall, vol. i., p. 274. This lady's 
marriage with bishop Montgomery took place during the 
interval between his appointment to the sees of Deny, 
Raphoe, and Clogher in 1605, and his going to reside 
permanently at Deny in the spring of 1607. She probably 
felt that she had come to Ulster rather soon, as the re- 
bellion of sir Cahir O'Doherty broke forth shortly after 
her arrival. She was carried off by the insurgents from 
her residence in Deny, and sent under escort to Burt 
Castle, where she remained until liberated by general 
Wingfield, and restored to her husband. 

45 Nicholas Lord Baron Howth. This marriage took 
place in 1615. Bishop Montgomery's son-in-law was 
Nicholas St. Lawrence, the 23rd baron Howth. Jane 
Montgomery's lord died in 1643, and she died in 1678, 
leaving three sons, Adam, Nicholas, and William; 



You have heard that 23d May, 1618, his Lordship signs Medensis as witness to a deed of 
lands made to his brother, Sir Hugh Montgomery. About this time (or how soon after his trans- 
lation from Deny to Meath I know not) he erected a Bishop's house at Ardbrackin, 6 near Navan, 4 ? 
and repaired the church near it, which was without a roof Ao. 1667, and therein built a vault for a 
burial-place of his wife and children who died some years before himself. I have seen the mo- 
nument 48 and took the figure off it with a black lead pen ; it had (under an open arch) on it, divers 
stone figures carved out from the table stones, where the inscriptions were engraven representing 
his Lordship's wife and the children kneeling one behind the other, with the palms of their hands 

and four daughters, Susanna, Frances, Elizabeth, and 
Margaret. The second daughter, Frances, became the 
third wife of her kinsman, sir James Montgomery of Rose- 
mount, in the Ards. Lodge's Peerage, edited by Archdall, 
vol. iii., p. 20 r. 

46 At Ardbrackin. This fact has not been noticed by 
dean Butler in his Notices of the Castle and Ecclesiastical 
Buildings of Trim, although he refers to Ardbraccan fre- 

47 Near Navan. This was the seat of the episcopal 
residence as early as the fourteenth century. The date 
1667 (given in the text as the year in which bishop 
Montgomery repaired Navan church) is a misprint for 

48 Ihaveseenthe monument. It is to be regretted that the 
author's "draft" of this much criticised monument is lost. 
When William Montgomery examined it (probably 
between the years 1680 and 1700), the inscriptions were 
"much defaced," but he certainly had not then observed 
those incongruities or absurdities of design which have 
since so excited the choler of other and much less compet- 
ent critics. In 1813, the Rev. Richard Moore, rector of 
the parish of Ardbraccan, assisted by his curate, the Rev. 
Thomas Toomey, wrote a Statistical Account of the parish. 
The following is their notice of this tomb, extracted from 
Mason's Parochial Survey of Ireland, vol. i. , pp. 89 91 : 
"Bishop Montgomery's monument is hi the churchyard 
also. The figures carved thereon, representing the 
bishop, his wife and daughter, are some of the rudest 
productions of the chisel that can be well conceived. 
Underneath these figures on the pedestal are the words 
surges, morieris, judicaberis, and in this order. Over them 
is a Latin inscription, purporting that the monument, 
having suffered from the devastations of time, or, rather, 
sacrilegious hands, was repaired in the year 1750, and 
that the bishop, who was of the house of Eglington, was pro- 
moted to the see in 1610, and died in 1620. The original 
inscription, which is on the east side, written as on two 
opposite pages of a book, is to the following purpose : 
Deo et Episcopo Midensi posuit Georgius Montgomerius 
Scoto-Britannus divina providentia Episcopus Alidensis et 
Clogherensis, cetatis suee 51. On this side is a bust, with 
three plumes surmounted by a mitre, and over the mitre is 
a cup, with the figure of the sacramental bread or wafer used 
in the church of Rome ; underneath the bust are two swords, 
laid across, interspersed with fleurs-de-lis, and under all, 
'1614.' On the west side is an angel sounding a trumpet, and 
a shield with armorial bearings, and the motto non nobis 
tiati; underneath these is the legend 'repose' S. M. (Sarah 
Montgomery, the bishop's wife). The shield is on this 

side also surmounted by a cup, and the figure of the sacra- 
mental bread used in the church of Rome. The original 
inscription, if written with any precision, shews either the 
low estate of ecclesiastical revenues at that time in Ireland, 
when for the support of one bishop it was found neces- 
sary to unite two of the richest sees, or that the pussillani- 
mous and pedantic James indulged in Ireland also his 
passion for accumulating favours on favourites. The 
figure of the sacramental bread, used in the church of Rome, 
is a device so unfit for the monument of a protestant bishop, 
that it leaves room to conjecture that the repairing of the 
monument fell into the hands of unskilful persons, and 
that part of the monuments of bishops who lived before the 
Reformation was added to this monument The manner 
in which this part of the work is fitted to the other parts, 
seems to countenance this conjecture. It also derives 
additional support from an inscription surrounding the cup, 
&c. , carved in a different character (which we could not 
decipher) from that in which the inscription given above 
is written. Supposing, however, these devices, to form a 
part of the monument as it originally stood, it affords a 
demonstrative proof, that the Reformation, in the genuine 
spirit and simplicity of the gospel, was not at that time es- 
tablished in Ireland." The following passage from Col. 
F. O. Montgomery's MS. notes, in reference to the 
bishop's monument will explain the heraldic emblems 
which puzzled the two rev. critics abovenamed : "The 
bust with three plumes must be an heraldic helmet, or 
perhaps more likely an armed hand holding a fieur-de-lys, 
which was bishop Montgomery's proper crest ; and the so- 
called 'cup' with the 'wafer' nothing else than the crescent 
the heraldic distinction of a second brother, with the fur- 
ther heraldic distinction on it for a second or third house, 
which he (the critic) calls a ' wafer. ' The two swords and 
fleurs-de-lys are clearly the arms of Braidstane (see ist 
edit of Montgomery Manuscripts, p. 90 ; Ulster Journ. of 
Archeology, vol. ix. , p. 292, and Narrative of Gransheogh). 
If this suggestion of mine be correct, it disposes of a 'popish 
device" on a protestant bishop's monument. If rudely cut, 
or much worn by time, the writer may easily have taken an 
armed hand for a ' bust,' as, strange enough, Harris does 
for a helmet At p. 58, speaking of the market cross at New- 
townards, he (Harris) says: 'a helmet within the horns of 
a \ moon with a fleur-de-lys upon it ;' what he alluded to is 
nothing else than the Braidstane crest, an armed hand 
holding a fleur-de-lys with an heraldic crescent under it as 
may be seen to this day. " A writer in the Parliamentary 
Gazetteer, following the guidance of the authors of the 
Statistical Account, speaks of this monument as "strongly 
fixing attention by its mere element of pretension, bar- 



joined and erected before their chins, which, with the rest of the monument, were much defaced, 
and my draft thereof is (to my grief) lost 

barousness, and absurdity !" So much for blundering 
critics. The monument was repaired in 1750, and now 
bears the following inscription : 

" Hoc monumentum olim memoriae sacratum Reverendi admodum 
Georgii Mountgomeri, Episcopi Midensis, ex illustri comitis Eglin- 
toniiB stirpe oriundi (sub quo etiam uxor ejus et filia supremum diem 
exspectant) injuriis temporum collapsum seu potius sacrilegis mani- 
bus dehonestatum (jam nunc ne justi memoria apud nos penitus 
deleatur), instauratum est A.D, MDCCL, 

"pignissimus hie Prsesul ad hanc sedem (cui plurima ex munifi- 
centia regia erogavit, evectus est. A.D. MDCX. Obiit Kal. 
Februarii, A.D. MDCXX." 

Cotton, Fasti, ffib., vol. iii., p. 1 1 8. In this tomb 
two prelates have since been interred the learned 
Pococke and bishop O'Beirne. See dean Butler's Notices 
of the Castles and Ecclesiastical Buildings of 7'rim, 
p. 175. 




fOW let us recur to Ao. 1618, and soon after it we find his Lordship in Westminster, where 
he departed this life Ao. 1621, or beginning 1622.* I touched the grudge some lay lords 
and others had against him, and it seems their animosity arose from his hindering them to 
be confirmed in their sacriledgious acquests, not suffering the Church to be despoiled of her rights, 
nor the King's goodness to be overreached and abused by their misinformations. For thus it was, 
viz. Dr. Ussher, for his printed books against the Popish religion, and other divinity tracts, and 
for his printed disputations against MaCoon, 2 the learned Jesuit, was had in great esteem by the 
University at Dublin ; they having, for those actions and his wonderful learning, given him a degree 
for a Doctor of Divinity, 3 when he had but newly passed the years of age which the canons require 
should be elapsed, before a man can be regularly admitted to full orders of Priesthood ; but they 
took not ordinary rules with him whom they found God had highly honoured with such extraor- 
dinary gifts and graces as he had by the divine bounty bestowed on him, for the future particular 
welfare of the Church in Ireland, and the universal good of all true Christians. 

This said University, this dear alma mater, as he was its humilis alumnus, did moreover get 
some Lords of the Council and other Officers of State to write letters of recommendation* to their 
correspondents at Court, in favour of Dr. Ussher (unsolicited by him, who was contented enough 

1 Beginning 1622. Lodge (Peerage of Ireland, edited 
by Archdall, vol. i., p. 274,) gives 1620 as the date of the 
bishop's death; and whoever repaired his tomb in 1750 
adopts the same date. 

3 MaCoon. MaCoon is evidently a misprint for Malone. 
William Malonewas born at Dublin, about 1586, and be- 
came a member of the Order of Jesuits when he was only 
20 years of age. He spent a small portion of his youth in 
Portugal and at Rome,and was subsequently appointed rector 
of the Irish College of St. Isidore (a Franciscan house), at 
the latter place. He became eventually superior of the whole 
mission of Jesuits, and, as such, excited the suspicions of the 
Irish government He escaped from prison in this country 
and fled to Spain, where he died in 1659, rector of the British 
college at Seville. The controversy between Ussher and 
Malone excited general interest at the time, and drew forth 
much learned matter from the immense stores that the 
former had always at hand. Allegambe represents Ussher 
as the challenger on this occasion, adding that Malone 
"drew his pen and put the prelate to silence." But the 
fact is that Malone was the challenger, he having published 
a paper entitled The Jesuit's Challenge, in which he de- 
manded answers to a series of questions arising out of the 
controversy between the two churches. This challenge 
Ussher took up, publishing, in 1625, An answer to a 
challenge made by a Jesuit in Ireland. Wherein the judg- 
ment of Antiquity , in the points questioned, is truly delivered, 

and the novelty of the now Romish Doctrine plainly dis- 
covered. This answer extends to 596 octavo pages, and 
occupies the whole third volume of Ussher's works, in 
Dr. Elrington's edition. In 1627, Malone published at 
Douay, in quarto, A reply to Dr. Ussher' s Answer about 
the judgment of Antiquity concerning the Romish Religion. 
This reply was reprinted in 1628, and called forth re- 
joinders from Drs. Hoyle, Synge, and Puttock, but Ussher 
did not notice Malone further. See Ware's Writers of 
Ireland, edited by Harris, p. 130. See also Elrington's 
Life of Ussher, p. 64. 

3 Doctor of Divinity. Ussher was ordained deacon and 
priest at the age of twenty-one, but he was not D. D. till 
1612, when he was thirty-one years old. The answer to 
The Jesuit's Challenge was not printed till he was bishop 
of Meath, and forty-five years of age. 

4 Letters of recommendation. Ussher was suspected by 
many of a leaning towards Puritanism, and on his visits to 
London, he carried letters from some of his friends ex- 
onerating him from this suspicion. In 1612, his old 
teacher, James Hamilton, wrote one such letter with 
Ussher, to sir James Semphill, in which he says: "Clear 
them (Ussher and Challoner) to his Matie. that they ar not 
puritants, but they have dignitarieships and prebends in 
the cathedral churches here. " McCrie's Life of Andrew 
Melville, vol. ii., p. 292, note. The recommendatory 
letter to which our author refers in the text, as having 


with the livings he then had, 5 being unmarried), that he might be parson of Trim. Every step in 
this business and of the Doctor's speedy coming over, and of the house he was to lodge in, was soon 
known to the Bishop of Meath, who, from the time of his being settled in England, long before the 
Queen died, never would want exact intelligences (the best rudder and wind by which Statesmen 
steer their courses, according to the old verified axiom Vigilantibus et non dormientibus sanciunt 
Leges) ; for the Doctor was not an hour or a little more alighted from his horse at his inn) where he 
intended to stay incognito all next day, to rest himself, after his wearysome journey, and till he had 
got new habits, according to the Erfglish clergy made) ; but fresh news thereof came to the Bishop, 
who sent his Gentleman to the Doctor with positive request that he should come forthwith to his 
Lordship in his company, for the Bishop stayed in his lodgings to receive him, and this present 
visit the Doctor must not omit, unless he desired to return re infccta. Upon this strict message, the 
Doctor caused his clothes to be brushed, and went (like Nicodemus) when it was night with the 
Gentleman to the Bishop, when after caresings salutation and a glass of wine, they sat down 
together, to do which the Bishop found some difficulty from the Doctor's native humility, and from 
the great deference he had for the Bishop. This being overcome, the Bishop began thus as follow- 
eth, viz. Doctor, I know very well your errand, and how unexpectedly and unwillingly too you 
were engaged in it, because you had not first obtained my leave to move in y e suit, and that you are 
not recommended by any letter to me ; and here the Bishop mentioned all the persons from 
whom and to whom the recommendatory epistles (as St. Paul calls such like letters) 6 were written 
and the time he received them, and the time he hastened away with them, when he landed, at what 
inn he was advised to alight from his horses (which he was to have at his arrival in England), and 
how his Lordship had laid watch to send him immediate notice when he should come to the inn, 
he was advised to, and here his Lordship held his tongue. This harangue would have amazed any 
young man, but the Doctor, who knew there was no familiar demon or other spirit that ministered 
that intelligence, but only the Bishop's watchfulness for his care of his diocess, had procured his 
Lordship that wonderful information, in so many points, which were carried on with all the secrecy 
that might. And now the Doctor being mute awhile, admiring the Bishop's conduct, he rose from 
his chair and began to apologize for consenting to meddle in that business, before he applied him- 
self therein to his Lordship, and had his allowance thereunto ; and so going on in his excuses, the 

been signed by "Lords of the Councill and Other officers doctrinesoagreeable.asthosewhoagreenotwithhim.areyetconstrain- 

of State/'was carried by Ussherto London, in 1619, when ** .JtSSStn. ^I^f,^^ $ 

he wanted the appointment at Trim. This letter, addressed j es ty : and thus with the remembrance of our humble duties we take 

to the privy council in England, is as follows : leave. Your Lordships most humbly at command, 


of the bearer Mr. Doctor Ussher prevaileth with us to offer him that HENRY DOCWRA. DUD. NORTON. WILLIAM TUAMENIS. 

favour (which we deny to many that move us) to be recommended to . WILLIAM METHWOLD. FRA. AUNGIERS. 

your Lordships: and we do it the rather, because we are desirous to " From Dublin, the last of September, 1619." Dr. Elrington's 

set him right in his Majesties opinion, who it seemeth hath been in- Life of A rchtishop Ussher, p. 51. 

formed, that he his somewhat transported with sigularities, and , , ,, , 

unaptness to be conformable to the rules and orders of the church. 5 Livings he then had. Ussher was then Chancel 

We are so far from suspecting him in that kind, that we may boldly gt. Patrick's and professor of divinity in Trinity College, 

recommend him to your Lordships, as a man orthodox and worthy to Dublin In l6ll, he had letters patent for the rectory of 

govern in the Church, when occasion shall be presented, and his Ma- ' , , .. r ,. .re,. p n t_:_i, c 

jesty may be pleased to advance him : he being one that hath preached FmglaSS, annexed to the chancellorship Ot bt. ^atr 

before the State here for eighteen years, and has been his Majesties Calendar of Patent Rolls, Jac. /., p. 204, 0. Ussher was 

Professor of Divinity in the University for thirteen years ; and a man married in l6l4, and this letter is dated 1619. 

xvho was given himself over to his profession : an excellent and pain- , c r>,.,/ ,//, ,,,,-/, /;!,, ht/srt SPP 7 Pnr iii I 

ful preacher, a modest man, abounding in goodness, and his life and **** calis suc ' 1 Me '"Urs. 



Bishop interrupted him and rising, said, I will be brief with you, who may not know the meanness 
of the revenues of that diocess for a Bishop thereof, whose station ties him to almost continual 
attendance at the Council Board, and to be in readiness at all times to go thither, when called; and, 
therefore, you shall not be Parson of Trim/ the King having already granted to me that the parson- 
age shall be annexed to the Bishoprick, for the reasons aforesaid, But trouble not yourself, Doctor 
(said the Bishop), at this repulse; I know you deserve a much better living than Trim, and I will 
be solicitor to the King that you may be better provided for. I will discourse his Majesty to- 
morrow morning, and prepare the King to receive you (as I am assured he will do) gratiously; only, 
Doctor, deliver not your letters but as I shall advize you, and so take your designed rest after the 
journey, and give me notice when your new habits are on, that I may apprise you a time when you 
shall next come to me, and may bring you to kiss the King's hand, when he is best at leizure to 
talk with you, of whose abilities he hath, from myself, abundantly heard, besides what the public 
fame has reported to his Majesty. The Doctor, thereupon, give his humble and hearty thanks? 
promising to obey all his Lordship's commands. And so the Bishop dismissed the Doctor with his 
episcopal benediction, and sent his said servants to conduct him back to his inn. 

? Not be Parson of Trim. For this disappointment 
bishop Montgomery endeavoured to make amends to 
Ussher by introducing him to the King, and obtaining a 
general promise from the latter that Ussher would succeed 
him (Montgomery) in the bishoprick of Meath, which 
happened not long afterwards. In the meantime, bishop 
Montgomery had made himself pretty comfortable in 
worldly acquisitions. He held Clogher see enhanced by 
the abbey possessions of the same ; and Meath see en- 
hanced by the rectories of Ballymore-loughsewdy and 
Trim. A king's letter, dated I2th October, 1614, related 
to the bishoprick of Meath, to idemnify the bishop for re- 
signing the deanery of Norwich. Calendar of Patent Rolls, 
Jac. /., p. 257, b. In 1617, sir Francis Rush was obliged 
to surrender six appropriate parsonages to the bishop of 
Clogher. Galena. Pat. Rolls, Jac. I., p. 329 a. "Be- 
sides the endowed vicarage of St. Patrick s of Trim, there 
was a rectory which was in the gift of the Crown. Sir 
John Davids calls it ' the best parsonage in all the King- 
dom.' Letter to the F.arl of Salisbury, 1607- 1 6o3i 
Robert Draper, rector of Trim, was granted the bishop- 
ricks of Kilmore and Ardagh, and the rectoiy of Trim 
was continued to him in commendam. Pat. Rolls. Jac. /. , 
p. 59. and Calendar p. 13, b. He died in 1612, and the 
rectory was bestowed on Benjamin Culme, who, how- 
ever, at the request of the archbishop of Canterbury, sur- 
rendered it to Thomas Jones, archbishop of Dublin, it 
bein^ one of the best spiritual preferments in the King- 
dom. Calend. Pat. Rolls, Jac. /., p. 435 b. 1614, Oct. 
12 King's letter relative to bishoprick of Meath, to 
pass an act (among other things) to indemnify the bishop 
of Meath for resigning the deanery of Norwich (which he 
did, 2Oth September, 1614. Le Neve, Fasti (ed. Hardy) 
vol. ii. p. 476), and for surrendering those of Derry and 
Raphoe at the king's request to employ the said bishop 
in the new ecclesiastical commission, and to extend other 
favours to him, &c. Calendar Pat. Rolls Jac. /., p. 275, 
b. In this letter the parsonage of Trim was ordered to be 
annexed to the see of Meath. But archbishop Jones 
seems to have been in possession, which he held till his 

death, loth April, 1619. On the very same day a patent 
was passed, presenting James Ussher, D. D., to the rectory 
of Trim, vacant by the death of Thomas, late archbishop 
of Dublin, the late incumbent, and in the king's gtftpleno 
jure. Ibid. p. 432, b. There seems to have been some 
hitch in the matter, probably arising from Bishop Mont- 
gomery reviving his dormant claim. Harris says : ' He 
was, a little before his advancement to the see of Meath, 
presented to the rectory of Trim, on the I7th of April, 
1620, but was never instituted and inducted to it.' This 
is true of the appointment, loth April, 1619, but not, 
when he was presented again, 22 Feb., 1620-1. See 
Dr. Elringtons's Note in the Life of Ussher, p. 56. It 
was probably to adjust this matter with the bishop that 
Ussher went to London for his recommendatory epistles 
given him by the lords of council, are dated in Sept. 30 
of this year (1619). However, it would seem that bishop 
George managed to keep the rectory ot Trim, for the rest 
of his life, which was not long. 1620, I, Jar. 16 King's 
letter to grant to James Ussher, D. D. , the bishoprick of 
Meath, and the parsonage of Trim. Calendar Pat. Rolls, 
Jac. /., p. 495 b. 1620 I, Feb. 22 Grant to James 
Ussher, D.D., of the bishoprick of Meath and the rectory 
of Trim united therewith, vacant by the death of Geonre 
Montgomery, Ibid., p. 497 a. 1624-5, Feb. 22 King's 
letter granting to Anthony Martin the bishoprick of Meath, 
with the parsonage of Trim, void by the translation of 
Dr. J. Ussher. Ibid. p. 503, b. Since the time of Bishop 
Montgomery, the rectory of Trim has been held by the 
successive bishops of Meath; although it was not finally 
appropriated by letters-patent until 1684, when it was so 
granted to bishop Dopping. Some notices of the Castle 
and Eccles. Buildings of Trim, by Richard Butler, dean 
of Clonmacnoise, p. 150. The rectorial tithes of Trim 
benefice, compounded for 430, are appropriate, and held 
under lease for term of years from the diocesan, by Wm. 
Allen, esq. Third Report of Eccles. Revenue and Patron- 
age in Ireland, p. 241." The foregoing lias been kindly 
supplied by ///<? Rev. Dr. Reeves. 


Next morning, the Bishop went to the King, and had his further order to confirm the parsonage 
of Trim to his successors, Bishops of Meath, and acquainted his Majesty of the Doctor's coming to 
Westminster, and of his errand and recommendations, and prayed his Majesty's leave and orders 
to speake to the Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of London to provide the first good living 
that fell for the Doctor, and to accept him for his Chaplain in Ordinary (as his Majesty had done 
for himself), and to let him know when he should bring the Doctor to kiss his Majesty's hand, and 
to have the honor of discoursing with him, to all which the King agreed. 

Then the Bishop sent that evening for the Doctor, telling him what had passed between the 
King and him, concerning promises and the time appointed for his reception ; so the Bishop brought 
the Doctor the day following to see the Court, where every body was curious to see him of whom 
so much had been spoken, especially the clergy regarded him, observing the countenance and 
deference which the favourite Bishop (for the King commonly called him his black Ireland Bishop) 
gave publicly to the Doctor; yet none of them could draw from him his errand. The time being 
come for the Doctor's private appearance before the King, who said, I long grieved to see you, of 
whom I have heard a great deal of praise, and then told the Doctor he thanked the Lords and 
others who had recommended so worthy a man as he to his favours, and calling for the letters, and 
reading the subscribers' names, saying he should love them the better all his- life, for their love to 
him ; but added he need not read them because this Bishop there had fully enough interceded for 
him, giving the Bishop order to see that the Doctor should be admitted at present his Chaplain in 
Ordinary, till further provision (by his careful enquiry) might be made for him. Then after the 
Doctor had made his submissions and thanks on his knee, the King bade him rise and discoursed 
him on divers abstruse points of religion, and received learned pertinent answers, the King saying 
again Doctor I find you are sufficiently able, and therefore you must soon preach before me, as my 
Chaplain, for I can advance you. And the King would not allow of his excuses as to his youth 
and the envy it might bring on him ; no matter for all that, said the King, seeing I shall be careful 
of you, and my Bishop here is your solicitor; but I will order you the text and time for preaching. 
And so that interview passed over. 

But I must not here break off my discourse of what was further done for the Doctor, it being 
a part of the history of Bishop George, of whom I am writing. The Doctor (a while after this), 
being admitted the King's Chaplain, was called before his Majesty, who told him he must preach, 
within a week, in his presence, and, opening a Bible, recited an historical verse in the book of 
Chronicles (which was very hard bones to pick) ; yet, the Doctor handled them so warmly, that he 
extracted abundance of good oyle from, them to the admiration of all that heard him. Upon this 
charge, the Doctor, falling on his knees, vowed his dutiful obedience to all his Majesty's commands: 
but begged that at least the time might be granted him for preparation allowed to his other more 
learned Chaplains, lest he should be called an arrogant novice, on whom his Majesty had now looked 
(as he hoped) with gracious and favourable eyes. No more words, Doctor, said the King, you 
shall pass this and future tryals before myself, for I will not refer you to the report of others. So 
the King rising from his chair, and the Doctor from his knees, the assembly (as I may call it, 
because there were many spectators) was dissolved, the Doctor still attending the Bishop, and both 
of them saluted by the lay and clergy courtiers. 



Now, as to the Doctor, I need say no more, but he performed his task beyond expectation, by 
preaching in the King's audience, and also at the intreaty of the Archbishop and Bishop aforesaid, 
to whose care he was recommended. The Doctor was provided for; nevertheless the Bishop 
George, had reserved the best good turn for him of any; and thus it was, the Doctor being provided 
for of a good fat benefice 8 (as they call those of the greatest profit), and in his turn paying his attend- 
ance and preaching as Chaplain to the King, the Bishop finding him well liked of all and very 
deserving, obtained of the King that the Doctor should be his successor in the diocess of Meath, and 
got his boon confirmed when he fell ill in his last sickness. This pleased very well courtier divines 
expectants for English livings, there being as yet no great temptation to covet those in Ireland, and 
they feared a new favourite at Court (for the King was much addicted to over love them); and the 
Bishop having procured the necessary licenses from the King in behalf of the Doctor, he sent for 
him from his living (much better than the parsonage of Trim), and informed him of what was done, 
giving him the letters with his advice and charge not to neglect his business, because his Lordship 
said he trusted in God that the Doctor should be a great instrument for the welfare of the Church 
in Ireland, and his Lordship wrote letters to his friends to assist the Doctor.? 

This being the last public actions (I hear of) done by the Bishop, he died soon after in West- 
minster, which was the latter end of Ao. 1621, or beginning of Ao. i622, I0 for I find by the Doctor's 
letter to Dr. Teatly 11 the Archbishop of Canterbury's Chaplain, dated the i6th of September, 1622, 

8 Good fat benefice. Where was this good thing spoken 
of in the text ? This passage is unintelligible ; for surely 
the presentation of Ussher to Meath did not happen before 
bishop Montgomery's death. 

9 Wrote letters to his friends to assist the Doctor. Our 
author must have derived this curious and highly interest- 
ing narrative, from some account preserved by bishop 
Montgomery, of Ussher's visit to London. These in- 
terviews of Ussher with the king are recorded in general 
terms by the many biographers of that learned divine, but 
none of them seem to have been aware how much Ussher's 
success was promoted by the kind offices of bishop Mont- 
gomery. The following statements of Dr. Elrington, based, 
of course, upon similar representations of earlier biographers, 
curiously corroborate the truth of these Manuscripts, al- 
though failing to preserve any record of bishop Montgo- 
mery's friendly interposition on behalf of Ussher: "This 
attestation (the letter from the Deputy and Council in 
Dublin) appears to have produced a good effect, but Ussher 
was indebted for his success much more to a conversation 
with his Majesty, in which the king exercised his favourite 
office of examinant into points of faith and doctrine. Of 
the particulars of the interview no record has been pre- 
served. If the King pressed his two favourite subjects of 
discussion, the head of the church, and the unlawfulness 
of resistance to regal authority, Ussher could have given 
his Majesty the fullest satisfaction that he did ftot entertain 
Puritanical notions on these questions; but whatever were 
the topics debated, he succeeded so completely, that the 
King declared 'that the knave Puritan was a bad, but the 
knave's Puritan an honest man.' It is probable indeed 
that his Majesty had many interviews with Ussher, who 
appears to have remained two years in England. In 
January, 1621, Dr. Montgomery, bishop of Meath, died, 

and the king immediately named Dr. Ussher the new 
bishop, and often boasted ' that he was a bishop of his own 
making. ' " Dr. Elrington's Lift of Ussher, prefixed to his 
works, p. 52. These interviews with the king, which the 
biographers of Ussher supposed to have been without 
record, are in part, at least, described by the author of the 
Montgomery Manuscripts. 

10 Ao. 1622. See note I, supra. 

11 Dr. Teatly. Teatly is a misprint for Fealley. Dr. 
Daniel Featley was one of the few episcopalian divines 
who attended the well-known assembly which met at West- 
minster, on the ist of July, 1643. He ventured to advo- 
cate the cause of episcopacy against fearful odds, writing 
to archbishop Ussher from time to time an account of the 
proceedings, and soliciting through the latter an appoint- 
ment to some bishoprick or_deanery, as a reward for his 
advocacy of church principles and interests. Unfortunately 
for him, his letters were intercepted and laid before the 
assembly. The parliament, at the instigation of the 
'divines,' ordered Featley's livings to be sequestered, his 
property seized, and to be himself thrown into the common 
gaol, where he died. "So solicitous," says Clarendon, 
{History, vol. Hi., p. 471,) "was that party to remove any im- 
pediment that troubled them, and so implacable to any who 
were weary of their journey, though they had accompanied 
them very far in their way. " See Elrington's Life of Ussher, 
p. 231, note. During the proceedings of the divines, a 
question arose as to the propriety of admitting Ussher to 
their deliberations, and Selden is said to have exclaimed 
in irony that they might as well inquire whether Inigo 
Jones (the celebrated architect) might be admitted to a com- 
pany of mousetrap-makers. " But Ussher, so far from wish- 
ing to present himself at that assembly, controverted its 
authority ; and in return the house of commons confiscated 


that he subscribed Jac. Midensis, (see his fragment remains collected by Dr. Burnett, printed 1657) 
leaving a petitionary letter (which I have by me to King James, in behalf of the family of Howth, 
in which he had settled his daughter as aforesaid; and so piously dying, he was embalmed, coffined in 
lead, and transported to Howth, then, pursuant to testament, thence taken to Aberbrecken, to rest 
with his wife and children. 

I cannot sufficiently say or express his due eulogium, but this may be added to the premises, 
that for his honor and in memory of his contributions to the reparations in Christ's Church, Dublin, 
I saw his coat of arms over the door which lets into the quire of said Church, in which place only 
divine service and sermons are now used. The said coat was the same with the uppermost of those 
three which is over the gate house entry at Newtown, except that instead of helmet tors and crest, it 
was surmounted by an episcopal mitre, and bore a distinction of a second brother, the arms being 
the bearing of the Lairds of Braidstane, before the first Viscount Montgomery was nobilitated; but 
this coat, with the rest of the contributor's arms, are now totally expunged. 

I saw likewise, Ao. 1696, his Lordship's picture and his wife's, at Howth house, but little re- 
garded since the late Lady, his grandchild, died ;* those of them which were carefully preserved in 
Newtown-house, till the late Earle of Mount Alexander died, were about Ao. 1664, burned there with 
the several pieces, could cost no less than twenty pounds each, being done sitting in chairs and to 
y e feet. 12 To conclude with his Lordship, he was a faithful servant to God and his Church, and King, 
and an excellent friend, especially more than a brother to his brother (the sixth Laird of Braid- 
stane), where he was born A.D. 1562, and at his death 61 years of age. 

Having brought this Rev. Prelate to his tomb, I can do no less (being under greater duty) than 
to convey his eldest brother to his grave in peace to Newtown Church, which he had re-edifyed, and 
shall rehearse some of his peaceful actions (for I will not mention any more of his law troubles), but 
proceed in my intended narrative. 

his library, as the property of a delinquent. Through the " To ye feet. A portrait of bishop Montgomerywas pre- 

good offices of Selden, however, a friend was able to served in the Clerical Rooms, in the town of 

purchase the books for a small sum, and restore them to Monaghan, to which place it was transferred with several 

the owner. When Ussher, soon afterwards, was compel- others from the See-house of Clogher, on the suppression of 

led to retire to Glamorganshire, he was met by a party of that see and the consequent alienation of the See-house. 

Welsh mountaineers, who carried off certain precious The following particulars of this portrait are taken from 

books and manuscripts, which he was anxious, of all the Journal of the Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland 

others, to preserve. This loss weighed heavily on ArcJuzological Society, vol. iv., new series, p. 138: 

his spirits. "I know," said he to his daughter, "No II. Name and Date George Montgomery, 

"that it is in God's hand, and I must endeavour to bear 1605, ob. 1620. Age, Dress, and Characteristics 

it with patience; though I have too much human frailty Middle age; clerical costume, thin black hair, 

not to be extremely concerned. I am touched in a very with long beard and moustache; high forehead; 

tender place, and He has thought fit to take from me, at sunken eyes; Roman nose, and idealization in the visage, 

once, all that I have been gathering together, above these Bishop Montgomery was a native of Scotland, and a scion 

twenty years, and which I intended to publish for the ad- of the Eglinton family. Having been translated from 

vancement of learning, and the good of the church. " See Deny and Raphoe to Meath, he continued to hold with it 

Stuart's Historical Memoirs of the City of Armagh, pp. the see of Clogher, and the deanery of Norwich." This 

326-8. portrait is "painted on canvas in oil. Size twenty inches 

11 His grandchild died. Two of the bishop's grand- by eighteen. The name and armorial bearings surmounted 

daughters, the ladies Elizabeth and Margaret St. Lawrence, by a mitre, being represented on the sinister top corner." 

were unmarried, and resided at Howth Castle. The latter This portrait, which was in the Clerical Rooms of Mon- 

died in 1684, and it was probably to Elizabeth that the aghan, was removed, with the other Clogher portraits, by the 

author referred in the text as being lately dead in 1696. primate last year to Armagh, where it is now (1868) hung up. 





|T hath been said very briefly what his Lordship did as to providing wives for and settling 
his two younger sons. Now before these last two marriages his Lordship was a widower 
many months, and being at leisure, as well for diverting melancholy as to look after his 
affairs at Braidstane, he went into Scotland and visited his chief and superior, the Earl of Eglington, 
paying him all the gratefull returns of former kindnesses and countenances in his affairs from first 
to last. From this Earle, besides his assistances in his business in Scotland and England before his 
Lordship was Viscount, had not only given him a certificate (which in Scotland is called a bore 
brief, 1 ) of the said genealogy and extraction from his family of Eglington, but also afterwards 
(the more to make his descent appear lucidus in future, and to shew his present respects), he con- 
sents that the Viscount's coat armorial should agree with his own in all things, except that the 
Viscount's hath not the same crest nor motto, and but one of the Earle's supporters, with this other 
difference (for a distinction as a cadet) that in the nombril of his Lordship's shield he should bear 
an escutchion charged with the same sword and lance, sattire wise, as he had over all his coat when 
he was Laird of Braidstane; and he, with his Lordship's 2d son, Sir James Montgomery, managed 
that affair, as appears by copys of his letters to the said Earl and the Herauld yet extant. 2 Let me 

1 Borebrief. A borebrief, borbrieff, or birthbrief, was 
a certificate of lineage or extraction, which a person settling 
in a foreign land always required as an introduction to 
society in his own rank, and not unfrequently as a pass- 
port to preferments. Thus, George Crawfurd, in his 
Memoirs oftheEchlins of Pittadro, speaking of a gentleman 
of that family, says : " I think he went into foraign service, 
where he attained to the Degree of a Captain, and that there 
might be no Bar in the way of Preferment, that could not 
be attained but by a gentleman of blood and birth, he 
procured a Birthbrieff testiefeing, and declaring his descent 
from eight noble ancient families, both on the Paternall and 
maternall line." (P. 13). The Litera Prosapia, or birth- 
brief, when not furnished by the head or representative of 
the family (as it was in the case mentioned in the text), 
had frequently to be provided for applicants by the govern- 
ment. Numerous entries in the records of the Scottish 
Privy Council are applications from Scottish men of good 
family, resident abroad, for borbrieffs to be drawn up and 
sent to them, for the purpose already explained. These 
applications appear to have been more numerous before and 
after the Restoration than at any other previous time, in 
consequence, no doubt, of so many political exiles from the 
two great parties in Scotland having been compelled to 
settle abroad during the convulsions that occurred 
between 1640 and 1 660. Among these entries are 
several such applications from ladies. In 1669, Maria 
Margaret Urrie, eldest lawful daughter of the deceased 
sir John Urrie of that Ilk, "being abroad in a strange 

country, where her birth and pedigree is not known, 
to the prejudice of her fortune in those parts," had pur- 
chased a certificate of her pedigree under the hands of 
the earl of Panmure and several other noblemen and 
gentlemen of quality; "and afterwards asked the Privy 
Council for a 'borbrieff in her favours,' conform to 
the said certificate." In 1670, a similar application 
came from Elizabeth, countess of Grammont, who had 
obtained the necessary "certificate of her descent and 
pedigree under the hand of the duke of Hamilton, the 
marquis of Douglass, the carles of Argyle, Marischal, lord 
Lauderdale, and divers other noblemen." Chambers's 
Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., p. 325. In the in- 
stance mentioned in the text, the borbrief was a certificate 
of the first viscount's genealogy, and extraction from the 
family of Eglinton. By this document, the earl of Eglin- 
ton agreed that the first viscount Montgomery's arms 
should conform to his own in every thing excepting the 
particulars specified in the text. 

8 Heraitldyet extant. The Eglinton Arms&re, quarterly 
first and fourth, azure, three fleurs-de-lis, or, for Mont- 
gomery: second and third, gules, three annulets, or, stoned 
azure, for Eglintoun; all within a bordure, or, charged 
with a double tressure, counter-flowered, gules. Crest, 
a lady representing hope, richly attired, azure, holding in 
her dexter hand an anchor, and in her sinister the head of 
a savage by the hair ; in some emblazonments, on an escrol 
above, the word Towless, or Ropeless, that is without a cable 
in allusion, it is said, to a lady of the family who slew a 


have the favour, reader, to insert (as a parenthesis) a very probable conjecture, viz., that the said 
ist Viscount was god-son unto Hugh, Earl of Eglington, who was insidiously slain at the river of 
Annock, the i8th day of April, A.D. 1586, for the reasons formerly mentioned, there being in those 
days no scruple for a man to be a god-father, and to answer at the font for a friend's child. 3 

This lately said visit of our Viscount, to the said Earle, and his friends and kindred, was 
received with great love and respects by them all, which they continued till and after his funeral;* 

ruffian in self-defence, while on a sea-voyage, and unpro- 
tected. Supporters two dragons, vert, vomiting fire ; 
the crest of Seton, earl of Wintoun. Motto 'Garde bien.' 
The Mount-Alexander Arms are, quarterly, first and fourth, 
azure, three fleurs-de-lis, or; second and third, gules, 
three annulets, or; stoned, azure, the whole within a 
double tressure, flowered and counter-flowered of the first. 
Difference, an inescutcheon, charged with a sword and 
lance, salterwise. The following is William Montgomery's 
statement of the arms of Braidstane: " Party per pale 
azure and gules, 3 flowers delice in chiefs, and 3 annulettes 
set with turquoises in base, over them a lance and a sword 
salterwise, all the charge being ore except the turquoises 
and the blade of the sword, which are proper with a cres- 
cent argent as the distinction of a second brother. . . . 
The coat of arms of yours (family) hath an armed hand 
holding a flower delice, or; as for the Motto of these arms, 
it must have been the same with the earl of Eglinton's, 
viz, guarde Men, because our Montgomerys were from that 
family, unless sir Hugh took another diton, of which I 
know not. But now, sir Hugh's posterity, and none else, 
may pretend to carry the arms, and use the motto of the 
lord viscount of Ards, both which were altered when they 
were first nobilitated. " In this description, the author 
states that "the very same shield and charge bishop George 
Montgomery, brother of the said sir Hugh, did seal with, 
and the like is now over the gate house window in New- 
town. " NarrativeofGransheogh, see infra. For the family 
arms of Braidstane and Mount- Alexander, see also Paterson's 
Account of the Families and Parishes of Ayrshire, vol. i., 
p. 282; Eraser's Memorials, vol. ii., on the Indenture be- 
tween the first viscount Ards and the sixth earl of Eglinton, 
dated 27th February, 1630. Respecting these amis, Col. 
F. O. Montgomery says . "You will observe by reference to 
the illuminated Deed in Fraser's Memorials, 2nd vol., p. 
289, that the left hand side of the Braidstane shield has the 
ground or field red, William Montgomery in his Narrative 
of Gransheogh has it reversed ; that is, left field blue, right 
field red. Also, in the Earl of Eglinton's coat on same 
Deed, and in Frontispiece of vol. i. , contrary to the usual 
custom, the first and third quarters fleur-de-lis on red in- 
stead of blue. I find in a Dictionaire de la Noblesse, published 
in Paris, 1775, the writer, after describing the Arms of the 
Counts de Montgomery of Normandy, adds 'Quelque fois, 
les trois fleurs de lys sur un fond de Gueules. ' In the 
plate of arms cut for me by the Messrs. Archer, I have 
adhered to the arms (of Braidstane) as given at the head 
of deed in Fraser's Memorials, though contrary to what 
William Montgomery says." 

3 For a friend' 's child. If the author's words be here 
correctly given, his 'conjecture' is at fault. The first 
viscount was probably godson to the third earl of Eglinton, 
who died in 1585. Thefourf/i earl, who was slain at the 
ford of Annock, was born in 1563, so that he must have 

been younger than the first viscount Ards, supposing the 
latter to have been born about the year 1560, as the author 
states on the following page. The fourth earl was only 
in his twenty -fourth year when he was slain in 1586, as 
appears from a list of the earls of Scotland in the State 
Paper Office, vol. xli., no. 96. Fraser, Memorials, voL 
i., p. 49. 

4 Till and after his funeral. On the first viscount's re- 
turn to Newtown from his visit to Eglinton Castle, he en- 
tered into a contract by which he acknowledged the earl 
of Eglinton as his chief, binding his heirs, as they came 
each, in succession, to the family estates, to present to the 
heirs of the house of Eglinton, a horse worth .30, in testi- 
mony of the feudal superiority of the latter. The original 
document is very curious, being beautifully ornamented by 
portraits of the earl and viscount, with a representation of 
their respective arms. It was preserved at Eglinton castle, 
and was lent by the twelfth earl to a lawyer in Edinburgh, 
with the view of assisting to establish his claim to suc- 
ceed to the Mount- Alexander property, on the death of 
the fifth and last earl of Mount- Alexander, in 1757. 
Paterson's Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i., p. 
282. This indenture, or engagement, was drawn up at 
Newton in the Ards, on the 2Oth of February, 1630, and 
witnessed by the second and third sons of the first viscount, 
and by two other gentlemen, also named Montgomery, 
the seneschal and curate of Newtown. The alleged 
object for which this document was originally drawn up is 
thus stated by Fraser: "The Viscount wished to secure 
the assistance of the earl in the then disturbed state of 
Ireland, whilst the earl was anxious to secure himself 
against any doubt that might be raised of his being the head 
of the house of Eglinton, the viscount being directly de- 
scended from Robert Montgomerie, Braidstane, uncle of 
the first earl of Eglinton. The indenture is beautifully 
engrossed on vellum, as may be seen from the fac-simile 
of it which is in the second volume. At the top there are 
two portraits which may have been intended to represent 
the earl and viscount. Fortunately for the earl, an 
original portrait of him has been preserved, and shows 
that in his case the illuminator was not a very faithful 
limner; it is to be hoped, that as little justice has been done 
to the Viscount." Memorials, vol. i., Preface, p. xv. 
The state of Ireland in 1630 could not be described as 
'disturbed,' but the first viscount was then deeply in- 
volved in the struggle with his rival, lord Clannaboy, and 
both antagonists aimed at making as many influential 
friends as possible. This may have been lord Mont- 
gomery's principal object in thus acknowledging the feudal 
superiority of Eglinton. The indenture is as follows : 

"This Indenture made the seavn and twenteth day of Februarie in 
the yeere of our Lord one thousand six hundred and thirty, between* 
the right honourable Sir Hughe Montgomery, knight, Lord Viscount 
Montgomery of the Create Ardes, on the one parte, and the right 



and after it, to the two succeeding Viscounts, whilst they lived, as their heirs have a kind deference 
and regard to our present second Earle of Mount-Alexander. 

At this time, it was during his Lordship's stay in Scotland, he married the Viscountess of Wigton,* 
and brought her to Newtown, to fill up the empty side of his bed, not minding profit from her jointure 
lands, which he left to her Ladyship's own disposal and ordering; but she not liking to live in Ire- 
land, though great improvements were made, both as to his large store-houses in Newtown, sufficient 
for two succeeding Viscounts to dwell in, and also at Dunsky Castle, 6 which his Lordship had bought 
in his first Lady's time, with the lands belonging to it, and Portpatrick town, also from Sir Robert 

honourable Alexander, Earle of Eglinton, in the kingdom of Scotland, 
on the other parte, witnesseth, that whereas the said Lord Viscount 
Montgomery, being descended of the honourable hpwse of the Earles 
of Eglinton within the said kingdome of Scotland, is most willing that 
hee and his heires should at all tymes forever hereafter acknowledg 
the respect and duty which they owe to the honor of the said house : 
In consideration whereof, and for the naturall love and affection which 
hee, the said Lord Viscount Montgomery, hath to the sayd Alexander, 
nowe Earle of Eglinton, and his heires, the said Lord Viscount Mont- 
gomery for him and his heires, doeth graunt, covenant, and agree to 
and with the said Alexander Earle of Eglinton, and his heires, Earles 
of Eglintone, which shalbee of the name and surname of Montgomery, 
that- the heir and heires of the said Lord Viscount Montgomery shall, 
in perpetual remembrance of that love and dutie, freely give and 
deliver one faire horse of the value of thirty poundes of lawful money 
of and in England, or thereabouts, to the said Alexander, Earle of 
Eglinton, and his heires, being of the surname of Montgomery, within 
the space of one yeere after the heire and heires of the said Lord 
Viscount Montgomery shall have sued for his or theire livery, and 
entered into theire manors, lordshipps, landes, and hereditaments, 
within the kingdoms of Ireland and Scotland ; and the said Lord 
Viscount Montgomery for himselfe, his heires and assignes, doeth 
couenant, promise, and agree, to and with the said Earle of Eglinton 
and his heires, Earles of Eglinton, by theis presents, that upon default 
of the deliuery of the said horse of the said price of thirty poundes by 
the heire or heires of the said Lord Viscount Montgomery, made at 
the sayd tyme, contrary to the true intent and meaning of theis pre- 
sents, that then it shall and may be lawfull unto the said Alexander 
Earle of Eglinton and his heires, Earles of E;;linton, being of the 
surname of Montgomery, to sue for the same, together with the sume 
of fifteen poundes sterling, of like money, nomine poenae , for every such 
default to bee made by the heires of the said Lord Viscount Montgo- 
mery, having first given due aduertisment and notice of theis presents, 
vnto the heire by whom the default shall happen to be committed 
aforesaid: And the said Hugh Lord Viscount Montgomery doeth by 
theis presents, couenant, promise ; and agree to and with the said 
Alexander Earle of Eglinton, that hee, the said Lord Viscount Mont- 
gomery shall and will doe, make, acknowledge, finish and execute, 
all and euery such other reasonable act and acts, thing and things, 
conueyance and assurance in lawe, for the good and perfect assurance 
and suerty for the deliuery of the said horse of the price aforesaid, 
according to the true meaning of theis presents, as by the said Alex- 
ander Earl of Eglinton shalbee reasonably devised or required, soe 
that the said Lord Viscount Montgomery bee notdesirred to travaile 
for the makeing or acknowledging of such assurance from his dwell- 
ing-house. In witness, whereof, the said partyes to theis presents 
have hereunto interchangeable putt theire hands and scales, the day 
and yeere first above written. " MONTGOMERY'. 

"Sygned, sealled, and ueliuered in presens of 
" G. MONTGOMERIE. R. MONTGOMBKIE, Minister of Newtone. 

Fraser, Memorials, vol. ii., pp. 289, 290. Robert 
Montgomerie, minister of Newtown in 1630, was pro- 
bably the same who had been sometime minister of 
Stewarfoivn, in Scotland. See p. 101, note 43, supra. 

5 Viscountess of Wigton. This lady was Sarah Maxwell, 
daughter of William, lord Herries. She was of the house of 
Caerlaverock, "so celebrated in Scottish history, and in 
chivalry, afterwards raised to the dignities of lord Herries 
and earl of Nithsdale. Their Direct male line failed in 
the person of John, Lord Maxwell, son of William the 

fifth earl, forfeited in 1715." Crawford's Renfrewshire, 
p. 279. 

6 Dunsky Castle. The ruins of the old castle of Dunsky 
or Dunskey occupy the summit of a high cliff overlooking 
a little creek anciently known as Portree, by which name 
the castle also was designated until about the close of the 
fourteenth century. It stood near the edge of the cliff over- 
hanging the sea, separated therefrom by a meadow. The 
creek of Portree is at a little distance. See the account in 
the New Statistical Account, vol. iv., Wigtonshire, p. 132. 
The ancient owners of Dunskey were the Adairs, originally 
Fitzgeralds, of the house of Desmond, and deriving the 
surname, by which they were known in Galloway, from 
the lands of Athdare or Adare, in Ireland. The first 
owner of Dunskey bearing this surname was Robert 
Adair. Of his representatives we have the following 
account in sir Andrew Agnew's Hereditary Sheriffs of 
Gallmvay, pp. 616, 617: 

" 2 Neil or Nigel Adair of Drumskey (styled of Portree/ was a wit- 
ness to the restoration of the lands of Lochnaw, by William Douglas 
to Andrew Agnew, 1426 ; had a second son, Robert Adair of Kildonan, 
ancestor of tlie Adairs ofGenoch; his eldest son (or grandson). 

" 3. William Adair, married a daughter of Robert Vaus of Barn- 
barroch (sister-in-law of Quintin Agnew of Lochnaw), and had 

"4. Alexander Adair (styled of Kilhilt), married first, Euphemia, 
daughter of sir Alexander Stewart of Garlics ; and second, Janet, 
daughter of Uchtred M'Dowall of Garthland; killed at Flodden, 
1513, leaving 

" 5. Ninian Adair, married Katherine, daughter of Patrick Agnew 
of Lochnaw, sheriff of Galloway, died 1525, leaving by her 

' 6. William Adair, married lady Helen, daughter of Gilbert, 
second earl of Cassilis, by whom he had 

" 7. Ninian Adair, who married Helen (or Elizabeth), daughter of 
sir James Gordon of Lochinvar; \i\s_fourtft son, Alexander, was dean of 
Raphoe, 1616 ; bishop of Killaloe ; bishop of Waterford and Lismore, 
1641 ; died 1646 ; his eldest son 

" 8. William Adair, married first Rosina, daughter of sir Thomas 
M c Clellan of Bomby, succeeded 1608 (exchanged Dunskey for Bally- 
mainoch (Ballymena) with sir Hugh Montgomery, viscount Airdes) ; 
married secondly daughter of Houston of Castle Steward ; married 
thirdly Helen, daughter of Cathcart of Carlton, by whom he had 
William Adair, minister of Ayr, 1640 to 1684. 

" 9. Sir Robert Adair (eldest son of the above by his first wife), M.P. 
for Wigtonshire, 1639 ano " 1648 ; married Jean, daughter of William 
Edmondston of Duntreath, by whom he had, besides his successor, 
a third son, Alexander of Drummore, and Isabel, married to Patrick 
M^Douall of Logan. 

" 10. William Adair, succeeded 1655, married Jean, daughter of sir 
William Cunningham of Cunninghamhead ; married second Anne, 
daughter of colonel Walter Scott ; by her he had 

" ii. Sir Robert Adair of Kilhilt and Ballymena, a knight ban- 
neret, sold the baronies of Kilhilt and Drummore to the earl of 
Stair; married first Penelope, daughter of sir Robert Colville; mar- 
ried second Martha; married third, October, 1705, Ann M'Aulay; 
married fourth Arabella Ricketts ; left by his third wife 

" 12. Robert Adair, a major of dragoons (" ncnv living," Adair 
MS,, 1760) ; married Catherine Smallman, an English lady of 
fortune. The family is represented by sir Robert Stafto (Shafto{ 
Adair of FlLxton Hall." 


Adair of Kinhilt,? and had put many convenient and handsome additions to it; she, notwithstanding, 
after some months stay, returned to Scotland, and did remain therein, which obliged his Lordship 
to make yearly summer visits to her, and to send divers messages (by his son George) to persweade 
her Ladyship to return and cohabit with him, whose attendance at Council Board, and business in 
law, at Dublin, and private affairs at home, would not allow his Lordship dwelling with her in Scot- 

His Lordship brought over a page to his Lady, Edward Betty, 8 the prettiest little man I ever 
beheld. He was of a blooming damask rose complexion; his hair was of a shining gold colour, with 
natural ring-like curls hanging down, and dangling to his breast, and so exact in the symmetry of 

? Adair of Kinhilt. The founder of this family is said 
to have been Robert Fitzgerald of Athdare, or Adare (son 
of an earl of Desmond) who fled to Galloway, about the 
year 1 350, to escape the consequences of a feud. See note 6. 
This common story, which, however, cannot be relied on, 
further states that Thomas, sixth earl of Desmond, who 
died at Rouen, in Normanday, loth August, 1420, left two 
sons, Maurice and John (claragh),' who died in 1452 ; in 
which year also Maurice, being killed by Connor 
O'Mulrian, was buried at Roan, and left two sons, John, 
ancestor (as is related) to the Adairs of Ireland and Scot- 
land, and Maurice, to the Fitzgeralds, some time of 
Broghill. Archdall's Lodgers Peerage, vol. i., p. 66. Sir 
Andrew Agnew, in his book recently published, entitled 
History of the Hereditary Sheriffs of Gallcnvay, pp. 243, 617, 
states that "William Adair exchanged Dunskey castle and 
the property adjoining, with sir Hew Montgomery of 
Braidstones, for the lands of Ballymena in Ireland." The 
author of the Montgomery Manuscripts, however, here dis- 
tinctly states that the first viscount bought the Dunskey 
estate from sir Robert Adair. Had any such exchange as 
that mentioned by sir Andrew Agnew taken place, William 
Montgomery would have doubtless known of it, and re- 
corded it. Besides sir Hugh Montgomery never held lands 
at, or in the vicinity of Ballymena. The Adair family 
originally got a footing in this district early in the reign of 
James I., by purchase from sir Faithful Fortescue, who had 
an assignment from Rory Oge MacQuillin, the latter having 
got a grant of this territory: Clanagherty in lieu of 
Innishowen, which was transferred to sir Arthur Chi- 
chester. See Reeves, Ecclesiastical Antiquities, p. 344. Sir 
Hugh Montgomery owned the church lands of Ballyman- 
nagh, near Carrickfergus, which probably occasioned in 
some way the Scottish mistake on this point. William 
Adair, although the first of the family who settled at 
Ballymena, did not sell the Scottish estate, which was in 
possession of the family until 1716, when sir Robert Adair 
parted with Kinhilt and Drummore. At the time of William's 
death, which occurred on the 4th of November, 1626, his 
Ballymena property consisted of the following denomi- 
nations viz., half of the townlands of Ballyneclosse, 
Ballentirriagh, Ballesirryanane, Balleloughcarry, Balle- 
clogher, Ballecragbarrane, Ballevally, Baldromny, Balle- 
granchill, Ballecollrabacky, Ballekillyne, Balledromlegagh, 
Balled romynderragh, Balledownesyand, Balletissane, Bal- 
lenynaghdore, Ballekildony, Balletiellieny, Ballekilly, Bal- 
lesaravoy, and Ballemngherry, containing 40 messuages, 
and 1,000 acres, in the territory of Clynagharty alias Clyna- 
charthy. This estate was inherited by William's son, Robert 

Adair, who was 23 years of age at the time of his father's 
death. Inquisitions, Antrim, no. 4, Car. I. The castle 
of Dunskey had been abandoned as a family residence long 
prior to its purchase by sir Hugh Montgomery, the Adairs 
of Kinhilt occupying a mansion-house of which no vestige 
now remains, but which is known to have stood "where 
the line of Colfin Glen would meet the present turnpike 
road. " The present mansion-house of Dunskey is situated 
on an elevation about a mile from the harbour. New 
Statistical Account of Scotland, vol. iv., Wigtonshire, pp. 
132, 142. Besides the lands constituting the Dunskey 
property, the first viscount purchased others in the same 
district. The general register of sasines in the register- 
house connected with Wigtonshire, contains the following 
notices relating to such purchases : 

"i. July, 1633, Ren. be Robert Weir to Hew Vicount of Airdis 
of the landis of Dincke, Wigtonshire. 

"2. December, 1634, Ren. be Gilbert Kennedy and Sir Alexander 
Kennedy to Hew Vicount of Airdis, of the landis of Dunvin, Wigton- 

" 3. June, 1635, Ren. be Uchred Agnew to Hew Montgomerie, 
Vicount of Airdis, of the landis of Craigvordie, Wigtonshire. 

"4. July, 1637, Ren. be James Fultoun and Katherine Adair 
his spous, to Hew Vicount of Airdis of the landis of Killantinzeane 
(now Killintringan), Wigtonshire. 

" 5. November, 1638, . . . of Hew Vicount of Airdis of the 
foure markland of Portispittell (now Port Spittal), Wigtonshire." 

The two last-mentioned purchases were made by the 
second viscount, his father having died in 1636. The 
editor is indebted for copies of the above entries to the 
kindness of James Paterson, esq. , author of the Account 
of the Parishes and Families of Ayrshire. 

8 Edward Betty. This dwarf was possibly the son of 
a person who had been executed at Downpatrick in 1613. 
At a court of assize held there, on the 27th of February, 
before justice Sibthorp and Mr. serjeant John Beare, 
Edward and William Bettee of Duffrin, yeomen, were 
tried and found guilty of having, on the 2Oth February, 
1613, at Foynebrogl (Finnabrogue), carried away six cocks 
of oats worth 6s and 8d each, the property of Edmund 
O'Mullan and Cowlogh O'Kelly, and sentenced to be 
brought back to the gaol, through the midst of the town of 
Down, and be disengaged from their chains, and then led 
from the gaol as far as the gallows, and there to be hung 
by the neck until they were dead. Ulster Journal of 
Archeology, vol. i., p. 264. The following clause in the 
will of the first viscount has reference, no doubt, to Ed- 
ward Betty mentioned in the text : "Jtem, I do ordain my 
son Hugh to entertain my man, Ned Beattie, and to give 
him in pension from me yearly the sum of ^8 sterling." 



his body and limbs to his stature, that no better shape could be desired in a well carved statue. 
His wit was answerable to what his comely face might promise; and his cunning no less, for many 
times, when gentlewomen, that did not frequent Newtown-house since the first Viscount's death till 
the second Lord brought his lady to live therein, came to pay visits to her Ladyship, this beautiful 
mannick was often mistaken for one or the other of his Lordship's sons, and taken up by the gentle- 
women on their laps, and they kissed him to make him prattle, which he could very well do as a child. 
He kept them in their ignorance so long as to have occasion enough to make his Lady sport, 
nay sometimes he would protract his convers till his Lady came from her chamber to see the female 
visitant, his unmannerlyness being reproved by his Lady, so to impose on the gentlewomen, as to 
sit on their knee and promote the error. You may believe the mistaken ladies blushed and were 
extremely ashamed, and this happened when he had passed twenty years of age.? I did copy (after 
Vandyke's original) the picture of the Royal Martyr's dwarf, Jeffrey, 10 holding a silken cord, a mon- 

9 Twenty years of age. It is strange that the fame of 
this remarkable person had not reached to the time of 
Harris, who refers to several dwarfs, inhabitants of the 
county of Down. He mentions, among others, one James 
Downey, a native of the parish of Clonallon, who was only 
three feet four inches in height. "Being one day employ- 
ed in the furrow of a potatoe-garden, and suddenly rising 
up, a simple priest passing by took him for a fairy, just 
sprung out of the earth, and adjured him to approach no 
nearer ; but the little creature moving forward to undeceive 
the priest, so frightned him, that he clapped spurs to his 
horse, and fled quite away." State of the County of Doivn, 

P- 255- 

10 Royal Martyr's dwarf, Jeffrey . This little fellow 
whose name was Jeffrey Hudson, was born in the year 
1619, at Oakham, in Rutlandshire. "Being about eight 
years old, and not half a yard in height, the dutchess of 
Buckingham, whose seat was hard by, took him and cloathd 
him in sattin, and appointed two servants to attend him. 
At a splendid feast given by the duke there was a cold pye, 
which being opened, there reared up on end little Jeffrey, 
armed cap-a-pie! An old gossip having invited some 
Tattle-baskets to a junketting bout, some arch waggs stole 
her cat Rutterkin, flead him, dressed Jeffrey in her skin, 
and conveyed him into the room. When the feast was 
near over and cheese set upon the table, one of the females 
offered Rutterkin a bit. ' Rutterkin can help himself when 
he is hungry,' said Jeffrey, and so, nimbly, made down stairs. 
The women all started up in the greatest confusion and 
clamour imaginable, crying out a Witch! a Witch! with 
her talking cat! But the joke was soon afterwards found 
out, otherwise the poor woman might have suffered for it, 
as two others in that country did, who were hanged pur- 
suant to the sentence of those wise judges, Hobart and 
Bromley, on account of another Rutterkin, charged with 
the murder of the earl of Rutland's children. Jeffrey, not 
long after was presented to queen Henrietta Maria, and 
became her dwarf. Her majesty's monkey soon scraped 
acquaintance with him, and none so great as Pug and Jef- 
frey. It was a strange contrast to see him and the king's 
gigantic porter, William Evans, together, particularly in 
that Anti-masque at court, where the porter lugged out of 
one pocket a long loaf, and little Jeffrey instead of a salver 
of cheese, out of the other. Once as he was washing his 

face and hands, he had like to have been drowned in his 
bason. Another day, he had been blown into the Thames, 
but for a spreading shrub that saved him. He was employed 
on a kind of embassy to France to bring over the queen's 
midwife; and in his return he was taken by a Flemish 
pyrate. This captivity is celebrated by sir Wm. Davenant 
in a poem called Jeffreides, and printed with his Madagas- 
car,^. After therebellion broke out, beingmadea captain 
of horse in the king's service, he underwent many perils, 
till 1644, when he went over with his royal mistress to 
France. Here he had a quarrel with the lord Croft's 
brother, whom he obliged to meet him with powder and 
ball, and shot him dead on the spot. Afterwards, he was 
taken at sea by a Turkish pyrate, who lodged him in a 
drum, and carried him into slavery. Being redeemed, he 
returned to England, and lived on a pension allowed him 
by the D. of Buckingham and other persons of quality ; but 
being a Roman Catholic, he was clapped up in the Gate- 
house, and soon after his releasement, died, having almost 
attained his climacteric." Gentleman's Magazine vol ii., 
p. 1 1 20. A tiny volume was dedicated to Hudson entitled 
The Neio Year's Gift, presented at Court from the Lady 
Parvula to the Lord Minimus, commonly called Little Jefferie, 
Her Majesties Servant; I2mo. , London, 1636. The follow- 
ing lines form part of the Dedication : 

"Smal Sir, methinks in your lesse selfe I see, 
Exprest the lesser world's Epitomie. 
You may write Man, i' the ' abstract' us you are, 
Though printed in a smaller character : 
The pocket volume has as much methink, 
As the broad Folio in a larger print, 
And is more useful too. Though low you seem, 
Yet you are both great and high in men's esteem, 
Your soul's as large as others, so's your mind, 
To greatness virtue's not like strength confined." 

Scottish Journal of TopograpJtp, drv., vol. ii., p. 319. 
Jeffrey was eight years of age, and eighteen inches high 
when transferred by the duchess of Buckingham to the 
custody of Queen Henrietta. The transfer took place 
soon after the marriage of Charles I. , and whilst the royal 
party were entertained at Burleigh on the Hill, a residence 
of the great duke of Buckingham. During the festivities, 
Jeffrey was served up naked in a cold pie. The scene of 
Davenant's poem was Dunkirk, and the poet's object was 
the celebration of a battle between Jeffrey and a turkey- 


key on his shoulder, as a fancy to set him off, who, although he was very comely, well proportioned, 
and so diminutive as that the King's long porter's boot (as I was told Ao. 1664," by old courtiers), 
covered his brow when he was put in it ; yet he was not to be compared, for shape and beauty and 
far less for wit, with our homuncio, Edward, whose bones lie at the foot of the three Viscounts, whom 
he successively served, but did not survive the last of them, whose imprisonment at Cloghwooter 
Castle 12 broke our little man's great heart, that he died for grief thereof and despair of his Lordship's 
release, who was detained about two years in the restraint aforesaid. 

As to his Lordship's said Lady, the Countess of Wigton, she continuing in her refractory, 
1 humours, went to Edinboro to reside there, being 60 years old, and falling sick, his Lordship her 
husband personally attended her till she died in that emporium; his Lordship buried her where she 
had desired, giving her all the observation and obsequies due to her peerage :'3 but returning from 
her interment, his coach overturned, and he received bruises, the pains whereof reverted every 
spring and harvest till his own fall. And now his Lordship might have bid his last adieu to his 
native country and Braidstane, because he never again crossed the sea after he returned to Ireland, 

cock. At the time of Jeffrey's first capture by the Dun- 
kirkers, who were not pirates, as stated in the extract from 
the Gentleman 's Magazine, he was bringing a French mid- 
wife, a French dancing-master, and several valuable 
presents from the English queen's mother, Mary de Me- 
dici. He lost on that occasion .2,500 of his own money, 
which he had received as a present from the ladies of the 
French court. This little gentleman was suspected to be 
a party in the popish plot of 1682. For further particulars 
of his life and adventures, see Walpole's Anecdotes of 
Painting in England, vol. ii., pp. 14-16; Anecdotes and 
Traditions from MS. Sources, edited by W. J. Thorns, 
(Camden Society), p. 123. 

11 Ao. 1664. The author was in London at this date, 
soliciting certain favours for himself, and also on behalf of 
his kinsman, the second earl of Mount-Alexander, who 
was then only fourteen years old, and left in trying circum- 

12 Cloghwooter Castle. On the capture of the third 
viscount by the Irish, at the battle of Benburb, in the 
June of 1646, he was imprisoned for nearly the space of 
two years in Cloughowter castle, county of Cavan, a 
stronghold belonging to Owen Roe MacArt O'Neill, who 
died there in 1649. See infra. Clough-oughter castle is 
situated in a part of Lough Oughter. Ord. Surv. , Cavan, 
s. 20. Here bishop Bedell was confined at his death in 
February, 1642. 

13 Due to her peerage. This funeral was no doubt one 
of those grand heraldic processions so common at the 
period among the Scottish nobility. Sir James Balfour 
has the following notice of this lady's death "The 29 of 
Marche, this Zeire (1636) dyed Dame Sara Maxwool, vis- 
countesse of Airdis, sister of John, Lord Harries, and was 
solemly interred in the Abbey churcne of Holyrudhousses. 
This ladeywas thrysse married, first, to Sir John Johnstone 
(of Johnston), and by him had issue James, Earleof Hartefell, 
Lord Johnstone, and two daughters; and after his death she 
married to her second husband, John, first Earle of Vig- 
toune, and by him had issue one only daughter ; and after 
his death, she married to her third husband, Hugh Mont- 
gomery, Lord Viscount of Airdes in the kingdom of Ire- 

land, and by him had no issue." Annals of Scot- 
land, vol. ii., p. 252. Between this lady's family 
and that of her first husband, there raged a fierce 
clan feud, in the course of which each family lost two of 
its chiefs. In the celebrated clan battle of Dryfe Sands 
the last of any note fought in the southern part of Scot- 
land, Johnston slew lord Maxwell with his own hand, 
carrying off his head and right arm, and nailing them as 
trophies on the wall of Johnston's own castle of Lockwood, 
which had been burned down by the Maxwells in 1585. 
The battle of Dryfe Sands took place in 1593. Lord 
Maxwell's son, in his efforts to avenge his father's death, 
was guilty of deliberate murder, by shooting Johnston at 
an apparently friendly interview, in the year 1 608. For 
this act he was tried and beheaded five years afterwards. 
For some details of this feud, see Chambers's Domestic 
Annals of Scotland, vol. i., pp. 155, 252, 296, 410, 446, 
447. We find from the following passage in the Memoirs 
of Captain John Creichton, that the consequences of this 
feud were not confined to Scotland: " My great-grand- 
father, Alexander Creichton, of the house of Dumfries, 
in Scotland, in a feud between the Maxwells and the John- 
stons (the chief of the Johnstons being the Lord Johnston, an- 
cestor of the present Marquis of Annandale) siding with 
the latter, and having killed some of the former, was 
forced to fly into Ireland, where he settled near Kinard, 
then a woody country, and now called Calidon ; but with- 
in a year or two, some friends and relations of those Max- 
wells who had been killed in the feud, coming over to 
Ireland to pursue their revenge, lay in wait for my great- 
grandfather in the wood, and shot him dead, as he was 
going to church. This accident happened about the time 
that James the Sixth of Scotland came to the crown of 
England." Swift's Works, Edited by Sir Walter Scott, vol. 
x., p. in, Edinb. 1824. Several persons named Maxwell 
came to settle on the lands of James Hamilton, at, or soon 
after the time specified in the foregoing extract. Among 
them were Edward Maxwell of Donover, James Maxwell 
of Gransha, and John Maxwell of Ballihalbert, all of 
whom afterwards, in 1617, obtained letters of denization. 
See Calendar of Patent Rolls, James I. , p. 326. 


which he did soon after his compliments were paid to his most honoured Earl, and to the beloved 
Montgomery Lairds, with his kindred and loving neighbours. 1 * 

We have his Lordship now in Newtown and in the neighbourhood, composing some differences 
(as to his lands) which had not been perfected to him, pursuant to articles made the lyth Dec., 1 633/5 
other whiles his Lordship attended the Council Board. Thus and in the service of God, his King, 
and country, as formerly, he spent the residue of his life, which ended May 1636, in a good old age 
of 76 years. 

Now reader, I have given some general notice of the affairs of the noble first Viscount Mont- 
gomery. I will only add to them a character of his person and internal parts, or endowments of 
his soul, and an account of his acts (as brief as I can), not to mutilate them, and the order of 
his funeral, with some other remarks. As to his birth, it was about Ao. 1560, when Hugh, Earl of 
Eglinton, by his parchment deed, signed and sealed (yet extant), not only confirmed all the lands 
of Braidstane aforesaid, but also sold all the lands of Montgomery, minnock als vocat Blackstown 
mynnock and Amiln unto Adam Montgomery,' 6 of Braidstane (he was our first Viscount's father), 
and his heirs and assigns, &c., by deed aforesaid, dated 25th Nov. i6$2.*7 This Earle (some small 
time before or after this deed) is supposed (very probably) to have been god-father to our Viscount, 
the said Earl slain, as aforesaid, being the first Hugh of his family, 18 as our Viscount was the first of 
that name in his own. 

14 And loving neighbours. This last visit to Scotland, 
to attend the funeral of his second lady, occurred in 1636, 
the year of his own death. The "most honoured earl," 
whom he visited after the funeral, was Alexander, sixth 
earl of Eglinton. The "beloved Montgomery lairds" 
alive in 1636, and most of whom were doubtless visited by 
the first viscount, were sir Henry Montgomery of Giffen, 
second son of the earl of Eglinton ; Robert Montgomery, 
of Hessillhead or Hazlehead ; Matthew Montgomery of 
Bogstown, who appears to have resided for a time at 
Braidstane ; John Montgomery of Blackhouse ; Neil 
Montgomery of Lainshaw or Langshaw ; sir Robert Mont- 
gomery of Skelmorlie ; and Hugh Montgomery of Stane, 
afterwards of Bowhouse. See Paterson's Parishes and 
families of Ayrshire, vol i. , pp. 230, 288, 289, 292; vol, 
ii., pp. IOI, 310. His "kindred and loving neighbours" 
of other surnames were numerous, especially in the parishes 
of Beith, Largs, and Ardrossan. 

T s \ith Dec., 1633. See p. 81 supra. 

16 Adam Montgomery. This Adam Montgomery was 
the fifth laird of Braidstane. In 1561, Hugh, third earl 
of Eglinton, revoked certain charters and acts done by 
him in his minority, and among these "ane infeftment 
made be the earl to Adam Montgomery, sone and appear- 
and are (heir) to John Montgomery of Bredstane, of the 
xij. mark lands of Braidstane and the xls. of Montgomereis 
Mynnok." Eraser, Memorials, vol. ii., p. 161. The 
author states, on the authority of family papers, that the 
regrant of the lands of Braidstane was connrrrted by the 
earl to Adam Montgomery in 1562, and that the latter 
purchased from his chief, in the same year, certain other 
lands known as Montgomery minnock, alias Blackstown 
minnock, or 'little,' to distinguish these lands from others 

of the same name. "On the 7th November, 1622, John 
Swan, younger, in Mylne of Beith, granted his obligation 
to Matthew Montgomery and his son Robert, then in 
Bogstown, for eight score merks. This is on record in 
the books of the regality of Kilwinning, preserved in the 
General Register House, vol. i." Paterson, Parishes and 
Families of Ayrshire, vol. i. , p. 289. The first earl of 
Abercorn had a residence called Blackstown in the neigh- 
bourhood of Eglinton castle. The sixth earl of Eglinton, 
writing to his countess in July, 1619, says "Therefor, 
fell not to send your kotch and horses eist to me after the 
reset of this. ... I tink or now the horse that my 
lady Abercorn had is com houm to you. Gif not, ye will 
get him for the sending for at Blackstown. " On the 3rd 
of June, 1620, Marion Boyd, countess of Abercorn, writes 
to the earl of Eglinton, from Blackistoun, thus : 

" MY VERIE HONORABILL GUIDE LORD I understand my sone has 
wrettin to zour lordship anent our going to Edinburgh, quhair, God 
willing, we think to be onTuisday at night, the xiii. of Junii instant, 
expecting zour lordship will be there also, as my son has desyrit zow. 
And because my kotchman hes gone from me, I must intreate zour 
lordship to send me zour cotcheman, and ane or twa of zour cotche 
horses, on Friday or Settirday next ; quhilk, trusting zour lordship 
will do, as I salbe willing to pleasour zour lordship at all occasiones. 
Thus craving zour lordship's excuse of my hameliness, my hardiest 
commendatiounes rememberit to zour lordship and guid lady, I rest 
" Zour lordship's maist affectionat cousigne, 

Eraser, Memorials, vol. i., pp. 210, 213. 

J 7 Nov., 1652. This date is a misprint for 1562. 

18 First Hugh. First is evidently a misprint for fourth, 
the earl slain at Annock being the fourth earl as well as 
the fourth bearing the Christian name of Hugh. It has 
been already shown, note 3, supra, that the fourth earl 
could not have been godfather to the first viscount. 



Imprimis, then his Lordship was of a middle stature (I had his picture as large as the life), 1 * he 
was of ruddy complexion, and had a manly, sprightlie and chearful countenance; and, I believe, 
his temperament was sanguine, for his body and nerves were agile and strong, beyond any of his 
sons or their children, according to all the stations of youth, manhood and old age, no wise troubled 
by cholicks, gravel or gout, or pains, but what were occasioned by the bruises aforesaid, being of a 
sound vigorous constitution of health, and habit of body, seldom having sickness, because he was 
greatly sober and temperate in meat and drink, and chaste also, and used moderate exercises, both 
coursing badgers 20 and hares with grey hounds on foot (before he was nobilitated), and afterwards 
frequently with hounds, hunting (on horses) the deer and the fox 21 in his woodlands yearly at the 
fittest seasons, and wolves when occasion offered. 23 His Lordship kept a blood (in Scotland called 

'' His picture as large as the life. An oil painting of the 
first viscount is in the possession of Mrs. Sinclair, formerly 
of the Falls, near Belfast, who is seventh in lineal descent 
from him. The same lady also possesses a portrait in slate 
of sir James Montgomery of Rosemount, and miniature 
likenesses of col. Wm. Montgomery of Killough, and his 
wife, Isabella Campbell of Mamore. Col. William Mont- 
gomery was grandson of the author, and great-grandfather 
of Mrs. Sinclair. 

20 Badgers. In the native Irish language the name of 
the badger (meles vulgaris) was broc. In old Saxon the 
name was broce, and barsuk in the Russian. In Scotland 
and Ireland the term broc is still commonly used. We 
learn from the Tale of Deirdre (see Transactions of the 
Gaelic Society vol. i. , pp. 47 49, note), that badger's flesh 
was considered as a delicacy in Alba or Scotland. This 
tale refers to events that occurred so early as the first 
century of our era. See Proceedings of Royal Irish 
Academy, vol. vii., p. 194. 

21 And the fox. This animal (vulpes vulgaris) has left 
its name in more than one place of the district. It was 
known generally as ntadaidh ruadh, 'the red dog,' and from 
it the townland of Ballycarrickmaddyroe in Castlereagh 
takes its name. Castle-Ward 1 , near Strangford, was 
anciently called Carrick-ne-Sheannagh, or Sinnach, 'the 
Foxes' Rock.' Harris, State of the County of Down, p. 41. 
The Sinnach or Fox was said by the ancient Irish to be 
'the longest lived of dogs,' neck is sine do conaib. See 
Proceedings of Royal Irish Academy, vol. vii., p. 194, note. 

22 Wolves when occasion offered. See p. 60, supra. The 
wolf (canis lupus), sometimes called by the Irish Mac Tire 

filius terra, 'the son of the land,' and sometimes Cu-allaidh 
or wild dog, is often referred to in modern Irish history, 
and did not wholly disappear until late in the eighteenth 
century. Transactions Royal Irish Academy, vol. vii, 
p. 193. t In 1614, "the king being given to understand 
the great loss and hindrance which arose in Ireland by the 
multitude of wolves, in all parts of the kingdom, did by 
letters from New-Market, 26th Nov. , 1614, direct a grant to 
be made, by patent, to Henry Tuttesham, who by petition, 
had made offer to repair into Ireland, and there use his best 
skill and deavour to destroy the said wolves, providing at 
his own charge, men, dogs, traps, and engines, and requir- 
ing no other allowance, save only four nobles sterling, for 
the head of every wolf, young or old, out of every county, 
and to be authorized to keep four men and twelve couple 
of hounds in every county, for seven years next after the 

date of these letters." (12 Jac. i., d. R. 17.) Proceedings of 
Roy. Irish Academy, vol. ii., p. 77. Tuttesham's work had 
not been thoroughly done, as wolves were very numerous in 
Ireland, in 1640, throughout all wooded and mountainous 
districts. The writer of a tract entitled Ireland's Tragical 
Tyrranie, 4to, 1642, mentions the lamentable case of an 
English family, named Adams, who were compelled, 
through fear of massacre during the outbreak of 1641, to 
seek shelter in the woods, where they were all, consisting 
of fourteen persons, devoured by wolves. See Logan's Scot- 
tish Gael, vol. ii., p. 32. On the nth of March, 1652-3, 
captain Edward Piers obtained a lease, for five years, from 
May, 1653, for the sum of .543, of all the forfeited lands 
in the barony of Dunboyne, county of Meath, on the terms 
of his keeping up an establishment for killing wolves and 
foxes. His dogs were to be three wolf-dogs, two English 
mastiffs, and a pack of hounds of sixteen couple, three of 
them to hunt the wolf only, a knowing hunstman, and 
two men and a boy an orderly hunt to take place thrice 
a month at least. As security for the performance of 
his engagement, he was to pay ^100 a year additional rent, 
to be defalked in wolf and fox-heads ; 6 wolf-heads and 
24 fox-heads the first year; 4 wolf-heads and 16 fox-heads 
the second year; 2 wolf-heads and 10 fox-heads the third 
year; and one wolf-head and 5 fox-heads in each of the two 
last years of the term. In case he should fail to kill and 
bring in the said number of wolves' and foxes' heads yearly, 
then deduction was to be made out of the said yearly 
allowance or salary of i<x>, for every wolfs head so 
falling short the sum of $, and for every fox's head 55. 
Order of Council as quoted in Journal of the Kilkenny 
and South-East ef Ireland Archtzol. Society, vol. iii,, new 
series, p. 77, note. The prices offered for wolves' heads by 
the government of the commonwealth show how alarmingly 
these animals had increased during the period of the war 
from 1641 to 1652. There is the following Declaration 
touching Wolves, and offering immoderate prices for their 
destruction: "For the better destroying of wolves, which 
of late years have much increased in most parts of this 
nation, It is ordered that the commanders in chiefe and 
commissioners of the revenue in the several precincts, doe 
consider of, use and execute all good wayes and meanes, 
how the wolves, in the counties and places within the re- 
spective precincts, may be taken and destroyed ; and to 
employ such person or persons, and to appoint such daies 
and tymes for hunting the wolfe, as they shall adjudge 
necessary, And k is further ordered, that all such person 


a sleuth) hound's to trace out thieves and woodkerns (so were torys then termed) which was a great 
terror to them, and made them to forbear to haunt in his bounds; 2 * he also had an huntsman for those 

or persons, as shall take, kill, or destroy any wolfes, and 
shall bring forth the head of the woulfe before the said com- 
manders of the revenue, shall receive the sums following, 
viz. for every bitch wolfe, six pounds; for every dogg 
wolfe, five pounds; for every cubb which prayeth (preyeth) 
for himself, forty shillings; for every suckling cubb, ten 
shillings; And no wolfe after the last of September until 
the loth of January be accounted a young wolfe and the 
commissioners of the revenue shall cause the same to be 
equallie assessed within their precincts. Dublin, 2gth 
June, 1653." But the following Declaration against trans- 
porting of Wolfe- Dogges is, perhaps, the most significant 
document that could be quoted on this subject : 
"Forasmuch as we are credibly informed, that wolves doe 
much increase and destroy many cattle in severall parts of 
this dominion, and that some of the enemie's party who have 
laid down armes, and have liberty to go beyond sea, and 
others, doe attempt to carry away several such great dogges 
as are commonly called wolfe dogges, whereby the breed of 
them, which are useful for destroying of wolfes, would (if 
not prevented) speedily decay. These are, therefore, to pro- 
hibit all persons whatsoever from exporting any of the 
said dogges out of this dominion; and searchers and other 
officers of the customs, in the severall parts and creekes of 
this dominion, are hereby strictly required to seize and 
make stopp of all such dogges, and deliver them either to 
the common huntsman appointed for the precinct where 
they are eized upon, or to the gouernor of the said 
precinct. Dated at Kilkenny, 27th April, 1652." 
The above declaration was intended to prohibit the 
gentry and others who had laid down their arms, 
and who appear to have been peculiarly attached to 
the dogs of this breed, from carrying them into Spain, to 
which country they were emigrating in great numbers. 
Their dogs, however, could not be spared from Ireland, 
where wolves were then increasing, as announced in another 
Declaration touchinge the Poore, dated at Dublin, the I2th 
of May, 1653 and signed by Charles Fleetwood, Edmond 
Ludlow, Miles Corbet, and John Jones. In this 
document it is stated that many of the orphan children then 
wandering about the country were "fed upon by ravening 
wolves, and other beasts and birds of prey." O'Flaherty's 
West Connaught edited by Hardiman, pp. 180, 181 ; 
Journal of the Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland 
Archceol. Society, old series, vol. ii., p. 149; see also 
Ulster Journal of Archaeology, vol. ii., p. 281. 

*3 Sleuth-hound. Sleuth denotes the track of a 
man or beast as known by the scent, from the Irish 
sliocht, a track, and the sleuth-hound is the species of 
dog designated by naturalists as the cants sagax. This 
animal seems to have been of greater importance in 
Scotland than in any other country. The inhabitants of 
the marshes were obliged by the border laws to keep a 
certain number of sleuth-hounds in every district Thus, 
"in those parts beyond the Esk, above the foot of Sark, 
by the inhabytants there was to be kept, one dog. Item, 
by the inhabytants insyde the Esk, to Richmond Cleugh, to 
be kept at the Moot, one dog. Item, by the inhabytants 
of the parish of Arthuret, above Richmond Cleugh, to be 
kept at Barleyhead, one dog." And so on throughout the 

border lands. Persons aggrieved, or who had lost property 
by robbers, were allowed to pursue the hot trode with hound 
and horn, with hue and cry, and all other accustomed 
means of hot pursuit. Nicholson's Border Laws, p. 127, as 
quoted in Pennant's Tour in Scotland, 1772, pp. 77, 78. 
Walter Harris, in his additions to Sir James Ware, 
speaking of the sleuth-hound, says: "But this cha- 
racter (scenting the track of game) does not hit the 
Irish wolf-dog, which is not remarkable for any great 
sagacity in hunting by the nose. Ulysses Aldrovandus 
and Gesner have given descriptions of the Cants Scoti- 
cus, and two prints of them very little different from the 
common hunting hound. They are (says Gesner) some- 
thing larger than the common hunting hound, of a brown 
or sandy spotted colour, quick of smelling, and are em- 
ployed on the borders between England and Scotland 
to follow thieves. They are called the Sleut-Uound. In 
the Regiam Majestatem of Scotland is this passage : 
Nullus perturbet aut impediat canem trassantem, aut homines 
trassantes cum ipso adsequendum latrones aut adcapiendum 
malef actor es, 'No person shall give any disturbance or 
hindrance to tracking dogs, or men employed with them to 
track or apprehend thieves or malefactors. ' Ware's Works, 
vol. ii., p. 167. The Scottish sleuth-hound appears to 
have been peculiar to that kingdom, so much so as to be 
named the Scotticus cam's in the sixteenth century "when 
modern Scotland", says Harris, "was well known by the 
name of Scotia." At an earlier period, the same term 
cants Scoticus would have meant the Irish dog, for Scotia 
was originally a name for Ireland. Harris, in his ac- 
count of the Irish wolf -dog, observes : "I cannot but 
think that these are the dogs which Symmachus men- 
tions in an epistle to his brother Flavianus. ' I thank you,' 
says he, ' for the present you made me of some (Canes Scoliti) 
Scottish dogs, which were shewed at the Circensian games, 
to the great astonishment of the people, who could not 
judge it possible to bring them to Rome otherwise than in 
iron cages. ' I am sensible, Mr. Burton, treading in the foot- 
steps of Justus Lipsius, makes no scruple to say that the 
dogs intended by Symmachus hi this passage were British 
Mastives. But with submission to such great names, how 
could the British Mastive get the appellation of Scoticus in 
the age Symmachus lived? For he was a Consul of Rome 
in the latter end of the fourth century ; at which time, and 
for some time before, and for many centuries after, Ireland 
was well known by the name of Scotia, as I have shewn 
before, chapter!. Ware's Works, vol. ii., p. 166. The 
sleuth-hound mentioned in the text appears to have 
been a species coming in between the wolf-dog and 
the beagle, and combining the wondrous scenting power 
of the one, with much of the courage and strength of 
the other. 

34 To haunt in his bounds. For notices of wood -kerns 
and tories see p. 60, supra. Sir Arthur Chichester, who 
unscrupulously employed whatever means he considered 
most efficient in accomplishing his objects, was charged 
by Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone, with having enlisted the 
services of wood-kern to intimidate and plunder the ten- 
ants of the latter. This extraordinary charge is circum- 
stantially stated in Articles exhibited by the Earl of Tyrone 



games, and a falconer to manage his hawks, 2 * netts and spaniels; but he delighted little in soft easy 
recreations (fit only, as he said, for Ladies and boys), from his youth taking most pleasure in the 

to the King's most Excellent Majesty, declaring certain causes 
of discontent offered him, by which he look occasion to depart 
his country. Two principal wood-kern, so employed by 
Chichester, were Henry Oge O'Neill and Henry Mac- 
Felymye, who, with others, "committed many murders, 
burnings, and other mischievous acts against the earl's ten- 
ants, and were always maintained and manifestly relieved 
among the deputy's (Chichester's) tenants and others their 
friends in Clandeboye, and did openly sell the spoils that 
they took from the earl's tenants amongst them." See 
Meehan's Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnell, pp. 201 203. 
Notwithstanding the many and stringent legal enactments 
against tories, these successors of the wood-kern continued to 
pillage and alarm the Scottish and English settlers through- 
out the whole period of the Commonwealth. They survived 
the Restoration, although the most active means were em- 
ployed against them by the authorities in Ulster. The places 
in Ulster principally infested by tories after the Restora- 
tion were the counties of Down, Donegal, and Tyrone. 
Among their principal leaders were two disinherited chiefs, 
named CosteLlo and Maguire. Rawdon Papers, pp. 223, 
224. Perhaps a still better known tory leader was Red- 
mond O'Hanlon, who haunted generally the Fews moun- 
tains, and levied contributions extensively throughout 
the counties of Down, Armagh, and Tyrone. This 
formidable freebooter was finally assassinated by one 
of his own associates in the year 1681. It is generally 
believed that his life was* taken whilst he slept, a belief 
which arose probably from the supposed impossibility of 
reaching him at any other time. There was printed in 
Dublin, however, a tract, now very rare, entitled Count 
Hanlarfs Downfall, 1681, in which his death is stated to 
have been somewhat differently inflicted, although still by 
a stratagem. A Mr. Wm. Lucas of Drumintyan, county of 
Down, having received a commission from Ormond, the 
lord lieutenant, for the destruction of proclaimed tories, 
entered into an agreement with one Art O'Hanlon, his own 
(Lucas's) foster-brother, who was out with Redmond, for 
the killing of the latter. The following is the account of 
this transaction at p. 7, of the tract abovenamed : 
"On Monday, the 25th April, 1681, the said Art O'Han- 
lan and William O'Sheel, in company with Redmond 
O'Hanlan, were near the Eight Mile Bridge, in the county 
of Down, waiting for prize, on the score of a fair that was 
held there, at which place, while they were watching for 
their prey, Redmond took some occasion to quarrel 
with Art, as they were smoaking their pipes, and in the 
close bid him provide for himself, for he should not be 
any longer a tory in any of . the three counties (viz. , 
Monaghan, Down, or Ardmagh) whereupon Art rose up 
and said, I am very glad of it, and will go just now; and 
then taking up his arms (having his authority and pro- 
tection about him) immediately he shot Redmond in the 
left breast, with his carbine, and forthwith ran to the Eight 
Mile Bridge, for a guard, but Art returned with a guard, and 
Mr. Lucas, who soon had notice at the Newry where he 
was waiting Redmond's motions, for the same ends, found 
Redmond's body, but the head was taken off by O'Sheel, 
who fled with it, the body they removed to the Newry, 
where it lies under a guard, till orders be sent how it 
should be disposed of; and since that Mr. Lucas hath 

sent out a protection and assurance to O'Sheel, to bring 
in the head of that arch traytor and tory Redmond 
O'Hanlan." As rewards for the successful execution of 
their plot, Lucas received a command in the army, and 
Art O'Hanlon a sum of money. Redmond O'Hanlon's 
head was exhibited on the front of Downpatrick Gaol, 
and his body is said to have been buried in the grave-yard 
of Ballynaleck, in the county of Armagh, on the left hand 
side of the road leading from Tandragee to Scarva. 
After the Revolution of 1688, as the tories greatly increased 
throughout the waste, desolate portions of the country, the 
measures adopted by the government became more and 
more stringent. All persons whose names were presented 
as tories by the gentlemen of counties, and proclaimed as 
such by the lord lieutenant, might be shot without trial as 
outlaws and traitors. Rewards were offered for capturing 
or killing them, and the Irish inhabitants of each barony 
were to compensate for all robberies, to pay ten pounds 
to any person wounded by tories, and thirty pounds to the 
heirs of any one whom t^ey had slain. Any tory who 
should betray and kill two other tories was pardoned for 
all the former burglaries and robberies committed by him- 
self, a measure which excited great distrust among their 
ranks, and contributed very much to their final abatement. 
This terrible act did not expire until the year 1776. 
Abridged from Journal of the Kilkenny and South-east of 
Ireland Archtzol. Society, new series, vol. iii., pp. 163, 164. 
During the continuance of the act above-mentioned, hunt- 
ing tories became the order of the day, and the county of 
Down was the scene of many such barbarous exhibitions, 
even in the eighteenth century. In 1711, Art O'Haggan, 
a rapparee, was executed at Downpatrick, and the sum of 
2 IDS given to Andrew Ferguson, for taking him 
prisoner. In 1716, Malcolm M'Neal received a reward 
of 20 2s 2d, for capturing Loughlin M 'Quoy, alias Pat 
Morgan, a proclaimed tory, who was hanged at Down- 
patrick. In 1717, James Stewart of Newry, received .5, 
as a reward, for seizing James Hamilton, a murderer, 
robber, and rapparee, who was executed in Downpatrick. 
In 1718, Robert M'Neight and John Warrick received 
$ for taking prisoner William Tuck, a noted robber, 
executed at Downpatrick. See M'Skimin's History of 
Carrickfergus, pp. 381-384. 

2 5 His hawks. Ancient Ireland was celebrated for the 
best breeds of these birds, which were trained in great 
numbers for field sports. See Ware's Antiquities, edited 
by Harris, chapter xxii. ; O'Flaherty's West Connaught, 
edited byHardiman, p. 115, and note; Jmirnal of the Kil- 
kenny and South-east of Ireland Archaeological Society, vol. 
ii., pp. 150, 151. "In 1605, James I. appointed sir Jeffrey 
Fenton, then principal secretary for Ireland, to be master of 
the hawkes and game of all sorts within that realm. It is 
stated in his patent that many honours and estates are held 
of the King by the service of rendering of a falcon eagle 
(ger-falcon or sea-eagle), gentle, goshawk, or tarsel of 
goshawk, or other kind of hawk, and that lords or chief- 
tains of territories had paid unto the king or his ancestors 
at the receipt of their exchequer sundry hawks of the kinds 
aforesaid, of which hawks the king was for the most part 
defrauded through the negligence of his officers, who ought 
to receive or demand the same." For reformation of this 


active sports which the tennis court, the foyles, the horse, the lance, the dogs, or fowling-piece gave 
him; for he could endure fatigue, yet was always complaisant in bearing company to ladies, or his 
guests, at any house game, but would not play for sums of money. 

Secondly, as to his mind, his Lordship enjoyed a continual presence of it, ready on all emergent 
difficulties, which did extricate him out of them. He was not passionate nor precipitate in word or 
deed, though he had ardour and martial inclinations enough. He retainedhis Latin, Logicks, and 
Ethicks, which he had acquired in Glasgow, and very promptly and aptly he applied verses of Ro- 
man poets, or sentences out of Tully and other authors, and the adages of his own country, to the 
discourse in hand, without ostentation. He spoke and wrote with gravity, either as to law or gospel. 
I have by me his letters of learned and full instructions to his son, J. Montgomery, for obtaining the 
Smiths' pretences, and his skill in law is evidently seen in removing thereby his other troubles. I 
have also his pious letters (like a learned divine's), condoling and consolating his said second son 
upon the death of his lady, dated February, Ao. i634; 26 but in this point, his actions, in their place 
to be related, will describe him more fully. 

His Lordship was very obliging by his condescending humility and affability; his usual compi- 
lation was kind (often in his ultry grand climaterick years), calling inferior men, my heart, my heart, 
and naming them; his worst word in reproaching them was baggage, and his most angry expression 
was beastly baggage, and commonly followed by the lifting up the staff at the trespasser, or a com- 
mittal to constable or stocks; this was his latter days intercomuning with his misdoing servants and 
yeomen tenants; but towards gentlemen or the nobility, his behaviour and discourse was no other- 
wise than as befitted him. His Lordship was a good justicier, dispensing to men their rights, inflict- 
ing the punishments of the law with the tender pity of a parent. Item, over and above all these 
and other commendable qualifications, as courage, liberality, constancy in friendship, which he 
placed discerningly, and other his excellent virtues, (whereof I have heard a great deal) his Lordship 
as a truly pious soul, which on very good grounds I verily believe (as generally others did, and all 
the old people yet do) is now in the Heavenly Paradise, blessed with the fruition (in part) of his 
Lord and Master's joy, reserved for all his elected servants till the consummation ef their happiness 
be given them at the great day of general judgment, which in order leads me to the relation at least 
of a few of his generous, noble and pious acts. 

and other enormities connected with the stealing and sale remitted by the House on the I Ith of the same month, their 
of hawks, sir Jeffrey was to be receiver of rent hawks for absence being occasioned by the death of sir James Mont- 
the king. Journal of the Kilkenny and South-east of Ire- gomery's late lady. Commons Journals of Ireland, voL L, 
land Archceological Society, vol. ii., p. 152. As an illustra- pp. 191, 195. The following is her funeral entry: 
tionof thevalueattached by private gentlemen to these birds, Dame Katherine> daugh ter of Sir William Steward of Mount- 
it may be mentioned that Morogh na Maor O Flaherty, of Steward, in the county of Tirone, Knight and Baronett, wife of Sir 
Bunowen, Connemara, by his will dated I3th April, 1626, James Mountgomery of Mountross, in the county of Downe, Knight, 

directed that his third son Brian, should have the lands of %<* fttf JfeftBCj fiSSffi!tK&& 

Cleggan, excepting onhe the Aiery of hawkes upon Barna- stowne, in the said county, the xviii'h O f March following. She had 

noran," which wasreservedforhiseldestson. O'Flaherty's issue by the said S r James one sonn named William, of y e age of 

West Connaught, edited by Hardiman,p. 6?, note. eighteen months, at the time of taking this Certificate. The truth of 

96 A .-.1 TV,:<- &-~~ tVio /lota ^f ti. A *v> f ,.:, tne premisses is testified by the subscription of the said S r James 

* Ao. 1634. This fixes the date of the death of sir thi.iiiiof May, 1635. " MONTGOM.RIE. 

James Montgomery S first lady. On the 7th of April, " Taken by me Thomas Preston Ulvester King of Arms, to be re- 

1635, sir James Montgomery was fined in .20, and Hugh corded in myne office." 

Montgomery, esq., in ^50, for defaults and neglects as Extracted from Funeral Entries, vol. vi., p. 88. A mag- 
members of the Irish House of Commons, which fines were nificent tomb was erected to dame Katherine's memory in 



In the third place, then, as to or for his acts beyond seas, or in Scotland, no more remarkable 
are come to my knowledge than what I have already expressed, 2 ? and as for those good ones done 
in Ireland, what is herein before said shall not be repeated, and for the residue of them they are so 

Ashera (Ardstraw?) church, which building, including the 
tomb, was destroyed by the Irish, at the outbreak of the 
rebellion in 1641. Harris, Antient and Present State of the 
County of 'Down ', p. 51. 

2 ? I have already expressed. The author had probably 
never heard of a transaction in which the first viscount 
Montgomery was concerned in his youth, and which, 
under other circumstances, and during more peaceful times, 
might have subjected him to severe criticism. At the 
period of the occurrence, however, it was probably re- 
garded in the light of a daring feat of retaliation, intended 
to redress some wrong that had been previously inflicted 
on himself or a member of his numerous maritime connexion. 
The following letters, preserved in the council book of 
Ireland, and now printed for the first time, will explain 
the affair to which we refer, and which took place in the 
year 1585, about two years prior to the first viscount's 
marriage. For copies of these letters the editor is indebted 
to the kindness of sir J. Bernard Burke, Ulster King of 
Arms, whose readiness in rendering his valuable assistance 
to historical inquirers is so well known : 


" TJie Copie of the Kinge of Scotts Ire. -written to Sir John 
Perrot, Lord Deputy: 

" Right trustie and welbeloved, we grete you heartilie well. It is 
right heoylie lamented unto us by sondrie o good subiects, inhabit- 
auntes of o r townes of Irewinge, Glascoe, and Salcotts, how that 
they havinge this yeare begane, directed to the ptes. of Ireland 
subiect to o' dearest sister the Queene yo r soveraigne's domynyon, 
greate stoare of fysches and other marchandizes for the use and com- 
oditie of the countrie. Y* in the moneth of August last you gave 
speciall warrant and commaunde to sir Nicholas Bagnoll, Marshall 
of Ireland, and to all maiors, sheriffs, bailiefes, and others, o r said 
dearest sisters officers, mynisteres, and lovinge subiects in those 
ptes., to staie and arrest whatsoever goods pteyninge. to any inhabit- 
auntes of o r said townes that shod repaire in those ptes. and to keepe 
and sequestrate the same in their wardes, until one Thomas Coppran, 
marchant of Dublin, pretendinge him to haue bin spoyled of certain 
fyshe and other merchandizes some space before by one Montgomery 
of Braidstanes, accompanied, as ye were informed, with fortye fower 
inhabitants of o r said townes, were redressed and satisfied of his said 
loss, as the copie of y or said warrant and direction, given at Dublin 
the xiii th day of August last, shewed and exhibited to us in Council, 
is at length verified : Whereupon, as we aie credibly informed, some 
some of the compl ts goodes are in verie deed staid and arrested. 
And the fyshes which they send thether in the time of Lent being 
thereby disappointed of the due season of their market, haue perished 
in the factor's hands, to their grete hinderance and verie skathe, a 
forme of doinge which in verie deed we find both in the self and for 
the daunger of the 

insolent and strange, consideringe y or said warrant founded upon a 
simple and naked narrative of the complainte, without any mention 
therein of treale taken of the truthe and information. And albeit he 
could have verefyed and proved the said Braidstanes, accompaned 
in manner afM, to have attempted the said faet, wherewith, till we 
heare further, we wil be lothe to note them : Yet justice and o r laws 
being patente to all men, we never suld with redres or protestacon 
taken of o r refuse to give out letters for troublinge and arrestinge of 
o r peacable and honest subiects' goodes. and make them answerable 
for an attempt neither comitted, assisted to, nor allowed by them, 
we thinke y l harder, nor can be warranted in reason farr less allowed 
by o r dearest sister and her counsel Wherefore, we will request 
you verie earnestlie to consider with us the strangenes and apparent 
iniquitie thereof, and to geve spedie order for the dischardge of the 
effect and execution which y s followed, or in anie time hereafter male 
follow thereupon to the hindrance of the said honest traffequers of 
o r said townes. Appointinge with them in like maner for the greate 

losse and damage they have susteyned therthroughe in the said 
fyshes perished by that occacon th '5 said factor's handsr. Ay' ins 
will showe you well affected to the contynuance of the goode amytie 
betwix us and o* said dearest sister, yo r soveraigne, and comend unto 
her yo r sen-ice in that chardge. Failinge thereof, which we cannot 
looke for, that ye will let us understaunde in answere what ye 
have for ye, that we may thereupon acquainte o r dearest sister and 
her counsell with yo r resolucon, or take such other order therewith 
as we shal be advised. _ Whereof trustynge ye will be lothe in this 
chardge and office to give us just occasion, we committ you, right 
trustie and welbeloved, to God's good protecion. From o r Palas of 
Halyrud hous, the xxiii'h daie of Aprill, 1585, and of o r raigne th 
xviii'h yeare. Yo r lovinge frend, 


" The Answer of the L. Depittie to the Kinge of Scotts Ire. : 
"It maie please yo r Highnes. I have received yo r Ires, of the 
xxiii of Aprill, concerning certen merchaundize goodes supposed to 
be staied, and belonging to some of yo r goode subiects of Irewynge, 
Glasco, and Salcotts, who as y* shold seme haue enfonned of greate 
hinderaunces susteyned by them upon my warrant of restrainte 
in August last. And like as yo* Highnes doth take know- 
ledge of the grief of yo r subiects, and as a gracious prince towardes 
them requireth a a restitucon of the the things staied, so in the same 
equitie and honour of my soveraigne I am truelie to laye before you 
the greefes of Her Ma ts subiects here, that have suffered violence by 
yo rs , and then to render a reason of my doings, and a true reporte 
what haue succeeded thereof to the inhabitaunts of those townes. 
The complainte made by Coppran of Dublin againste Montgomery, 
leard of Braidstanes, hath by deposicon of two other M rs of Baiques 
being then in view of the spoyle, appeared unto me and to this coun- 
sell. After w c h some of yo r Highnes's subiects being examined here, 
haue deposed that the provost of Glasco bought the goods, and a 
neere neighbor of that towne, called John a Knock, bought the 
Barque : other deposicons and circumstannces ther be extant to 
prove that the inhabitaunts in those townes before named were par- 
cel of Montgomerie's companie in that spoile. 

"Another poore man of Knockfergus, named John Ascollin, a 
victualler of the Queene's garrison's in Ulster, being weather-driven 
to the islandes, and taking land upon Ila, was ther spoyled of his 
Barque and goodes, his men, some executed and cruelly throwne 
downe the rockes, others imprisoned, and himself miraculously es- 
caped in a small cocke, and so recovered this coast. Coppran, the 
first of those whose spoyle (as he affirmeth) was great, half frantique 
with his losses, aged and tymorous, neither durst, nor as I 
conceived was of sufficient cappacitie to attend yo r Highnes, 
yet both exclaymed. I offered them my Ires, to yo r Highnes, as- 
suringe them of good regarde of their causes ; but feare restrayned 
them, bearing them in minde that the offenders themselves are to be 
founde in their dailie trades to this coaste ; whereupon I geve out 
my warrant, not with purpose to staie anie of yo r subiects' goodes, 
as appeared by the sequel, longer than to examine their persons and 
staie the faultie, if anie were. For proofe, my warrant was dated in 
August last ; no execucon of y* till therde of Marche, and in begin- 
ning of Aprill yo r Highnes's subiects complayned, and the matter 
by my appointment examyned by two of Her Ma tes Privie Councill 
here, and had grate restitucon, without anie hinderance or losse, as 
may appeare by the testimony under certen sealles of the citie of 
Dublin and towne of Droigheda, brought by this gent., captain 
Dawtrie, whom I have sent of purpose to make the same manifest to 
yo r Highnes. Onelie bondes were taken of some of them to answere 
the fact if it were proved upon them hereafter bondes I have now 
commaunded to be cancelled, because yo r Highnes promised justice. 
"The chardge that the Queene's Most Excellent Ma t( % my sove- 
raigne, geve me to preserve the good and happie amytie between 
both kingdoms ys a reason sufficient to give yo r Highnes's subiects 
justic, favour, and her Ma tes supportacon, if need were, so long as 
that good amytie shall (as I always wish it) have contynuance. In 
particular, I am to yeldyo r Highnes humble thankes that vou vouch- 
safed to write letters before you complayned to her Ma te in Eng- 
land. The leke measure I use now (as her M a tes deputy) to com- 
playne to yo r Highnes before any sute for restitucon be pretended in 
England. Besechyns yo r Grace to favour the cause of the two poore 
merchaunts aboue named, whose estates by this gent, shall be de- 
liveryed unto you, to whom I haue alsoe given an instruccon to 
move yo r Highnes for the restrainte of the Irish Scottes from dis- 



numerous and so many of them escaped my memory (besides those which were never in it) that therefore 
and to avoid being tedious, or to seem affectedly and partially bent to over-magnify my ancestor, I 
have rather chosen to mention only a few of them as followeth, viz: First of all he sent over to 
Donaghadee (by the understanding Irish then called Doun da ghee, 28 i.e. the mount or burial place 
of the two Worthies or Heroes 2 ?) before him some hewn freestone, timber and iron, &c. of which he 
caused to be built a low stone walled house for his reception and lodging, when he came from or 
went to Scotland. Mariners, tradesmen, and others, had made shelter for themselves before this 
time, but the Viscount's was the first stone dwelling house in all the parish. Then he repaired the 
old stump of the Castle in Newtown, as aforesaid. After a while's residence at Newtown, he assidu- 
ously plyed his care and pains to repair the chancel (a word derived from the upper part of the 
church, separated by a screen of nett or lattin work from the body thereof, like the sanctum sanc- 
torum of Solomon's Temple), for the communion table, which place the ancient clergy (in and after 
Constantine the Great's days) called cancelle of the church.3 It is now a chappel, and all the part 
thereof wherein sermons and divine service are used, itself alone being above feet in length, and 
24 in breadth. 3 1 In process of time the rest of that church was repaired, roofed, and replenished 
with pews (before his death), mostly by his Lady's care and oversight, himself being much abroad 
by his troubles aforesaid. His Lordship, in his testament, left a legacy sufficient to build the addi- 

turbynge her Ma tes subiects here, thereby the rather to prevente all 
violence, and to confirme the good amytie and the intercourse of the 
subiects of both realities. And so promissinge all good offices therein, 
I comend yo r Hignes to the proteccon of the Lord. 

"At Dublin, the vi* of June, 1585. 

"To the King of Scotts Excellent Highnes." 
The "difficulty" above-mentioned was probably so ex- 
plained and arranged by captain Dawtrie, as to require no 
further proceedings therein. At the date of these letters, 
piracy, more or less aggravated, was a frequent occurrence 
in the Scottish and Irish seas. For several illustrations, 
see Chambers's Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. i., pp. 
175, 176, 429, 430. 

28 Down da ghee. O' Curry, in MS. Materials for Ancient 
Irish History, p. 287, supposes that the early name of 
Donaghadee was Oirear Caoin, this being the place from 
which king Dathi (who suceeded Niall of the Nine 
Hostages in the year 405), invaded Scotland. This Irish 
name, however, is more like Arkeen. Dathi passed Magh 
Bile now Movilla, on his march from Newry to the coast. 
In reference to the modern name of Donaghadee, Dr. 
Reeves, our highest authority on this point, states that "the 
spelling in the Taxation looks as if the word was formed 
from domhnach dith, ' the church of loss.' " See Eccles. 
Antiquities, p. 17. 

29 Two worthies or heroes. A ridge of earth known as 
the Giants' Grave extends along the base of the Mound at 
Donaghadee in a north-eastern direction. Although this 
ridge was opened in 1834, we have not seen any report on 
the subject. It has been stated, however, that a stone cof- 
fin was found, and also the bones of various animals, but 
no human bones. An urn, eleven inches in height and 
nine in diameter, was taken from the opening then made. 
This urn is preserved in the Museum, Belfast. 

3 Cancelle of the church. Chancel'v&z. Franco-Norman 
word from the Latin cancellus, and the chancel is so called 
because separated from the rest of the church a cancellis, 

by bars or lattice-work. " The cancellarii were officers of 
a court of justice who stood ad cancellos at the railings, re- 
ceived the petitions of suitors, and acted as intermediaries 
between them and the judge. To them naturally fell the 
office of keeping the seal of the court, the distinctive 
feature of the chancellors of modern times." See Wedge- 
wood's Dictionary of English Etymology. 

3 1 And 24 in breadth. That part of the old church for- 
ming the chancel was afterwards converted into a chapel 
by sir Robert Colville who bought the manor of Newtown- 
ards from the second Earl Mount- Alexander in 1675. 
Harris notices this chapel, at p. 57, as follows : "Divine 
service is performed in a Chappel adjoining to it (the church), 
built by Sir Robert Colville for his family since the Revolu- 
tion ; the Entrance intowhichis bya large stone Door- Case, 
curiously adorned with Sculpture. This Chappel is the neatest 
piece of Church Building within side that is to be met with in 
Ulster. The Pulpit is finely carved and guilded, and so 
are two large Seats of the Colvilles placed on each side 
the great Door, over which are the King's Arms, and under 
them this Inscription : 

" Sanctuarivnt meum reveremini." 

The other Seats are regularly placed and painted, the floor 
well flagged, the compass Cieling divided into nine Pan- 
nels, and curiously adorned with stucco work in Plaister 
of Paris, well executed in various Wreaths, Foliages, and 
the Figures of Angels. The Communion Table is raised and 
wainscotted, and encompassed with twisted Pillars carved 
and guilded. These Ornaments, and much more of the same 
kind, added to the well lighting of the Room, have a fine 
Effect." Attached to the north and east walls is the vault of the 
Colvilles on which are the following inscriptions : Lady 
fine Colville Dyd Feb. the 6, 1693 : Sr Robert Colville de- 
parted this Life Jvne. the I2th 1697 : Hugh Colville Esqr. 
Dyed Feb. the 7th 1701 Anno, cetatis 25. Above each in- 
scription is the family coat of arms, 



tional church, contiguous to the body of the old one, and the steeple, which are now in good repair,3 2 
which was performed by the second Lord Viscount, soon after his father's death, for he then came to 
dwell in his father's house in Newtown.33 Next, after this church, the said first Viscount repaired 
two-thirds of that which belonged to the abbey of Comerer,34 the Lord Claneboy finishing the third 
part thereof, for he had the third part of the lands and tithes in that parish, as also the advowson to 
present (every third turn) a clerk of priestly order as Vicar, to officiate therein. 35 

The said first Viscount Montgomery also wholly repaired the church of Grayabbey, (in Irish, it 
is called Monastre Lea in the patent, called also Abathium de jugo Dei and Hoar abbeys 6 ) placing 
his Chaplain, Mr. David M'Gill (who married his Lady's niece), as Curate therein. 37 Then his Lord- 

y Now in good repair. For the previous repairs of the old 
church, see p. 61, supra. The following is Harris's notice 
of the more modern building as completed by the second vis- 
count : "The old Church of Newton is a large building, di- 
vided into Isles byfourhandsomestone Arches of the Dorick 
Order. It was finished, or at least repaired and adorned, 
in 1632, as appears by an Inscription on the Pulpit 
Another Inscription on a Stone over the North Entrance 
shews that the Steeple was finished in the year 1636. The 
Door, which affords an Entrance under the Steeple, is an 
Arch curiously ornamented with carved Work in Stone, 
where may be seen the Arms of the Montgomerys, under 
which, over the Portal, are the letters in Cypher NA. The 
Steeple is but moderately high, yet neatly built, and aspire 
of hewn Stone erected lately on it, gives it a handsome Ap- 
pearance. A large Tomb of the Colville Family (to a de- 
scendant of which the town now belongs), stands in the 
North Isle, raised five or six feet above the Floor, but naked 
of any inscription. This Church is only kept roofed, but 
entirely out of repair within side, and the seats, except a 
few, destroyed." P. 57- The monogram over the door, 
which Harris mistakes for the letters NA, is clearly a 
combination of the capital letters HLM, the initials of 
Hugh Lord Montgomery. MS. Notes of Col. F. O. Mont- 

33 House in Newtown. The second viscount had resided 
at Mount-Alexander from the time of his marriage, in 
1623 ; but from the date of his father's death, in 1636, he 
occupied Newtown House. The fate of this church, 
built by the 1st viscount, and about which he was so 
anxious, is described in the following letter, written two 
centuries after his death : 

" Newtownards, pth June, 1836. 

"SiR, In answer to your inquiries respecting the raising of the 
flat stones in the floor of the old church here, I have to inform you, 
that the old church was demolished in 1830, by a condition between 
the present marquis of Londonderry and me, whereby I agreed with 
his lordship, for a certain sum of money, with the priviledge of using 
any of the flags in the floor of the old church which I considered 
serviceable for laying the floor of the adjoining part of the building, 
which is the present Session House. I have further to inform you, 
that I was present at the raising of the flat stones in the church floor, 
and there appeared to be among them certain Tombstones, and I re- 
collect of seeing one of John Alexander, but I do not recollect that it 
had any long inscription upon it then remaining. I think it is one of 
the flags of the Session-House at present, but most of them were 
dressed over to answer the flooring. I am, Sir, your obt. Servt. 


This letter was addressed to ' Ephraim Lockhart, W. S. , 
Edinburgh,' a lawyer employed to collect evidence in 
defence of a Mr. Alexander, nominal earl of Stirling, who 
was prosecuted for alleged forgeries in his efforts to 

establish his right to that earldom. The defendant was 
acquitted, and his representative at the present day is 
engaged in prosecuting his claim. 
3* Comerer. See p. 64, supra. 

35 To officiate therein. The arrangement here mentioned 
was made pursuant to the award of the earl of Abercorn 
in 1618. 

36 Hoar abbey. This place will be noticed in connexion 
with the author's account of the Ards. 

37 As curate therein. David McGill belonged to a well- 
known family in Scotland, the founder of which appears 
to have been James McGill, a merchant in Edinburgh. A 
son of the latter, known as David McGill of Nisbet, 
became a celebrated lawyer, and was appointed lord 
advocate and a judge of the court of session, in the reign 
of James VI. In the Historie of the Kennedyis, he is styled 
"aduocatt to his Majestie." He died in 1596, leaving 
two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth. The elder, mar- 
ried lord William Cranstoun, and Elizabeth married 
first, Robert Logan of Restalrig, and secondly sir 
Thomas Kennedy of Culzean, son of the third earl 
of Cassilis. David McGill left also three sons, one of 
whom, named James, was created baron Oxenford by 
Charles I., and viscount Oxenford, in 1651, by Charles II. 
He died in 1663. His son, Robert, died without issue, 
in 1706, and the title became extinct. Scots Rudiments of 
Honour, pp, 396, 397. The family Arms were Ruby, Three 
Martlets, Topaz. Crest. a Phtenix in Flames; Motto 
Sine Fine. The chief family seat was Cranstoun-Magill, 
county of Edinburgh, three miles east of Dalkeith. The 
estate passed into a collateral branch of the family named 
Dalrymple in which it now remains. New Statistical Account 
of Scotland, Edinburh, vol. i., p. 191. Mr. David McGill, 
mentioned in the text as curate of Greyabbey, was 
either a son or nephew of David McGill, lord advo- 
cate and judge. He was most probably his son. He 
is evidently the person named in the will of Symon Fer- 
guson of Kilkerran, who died in 1591, and who appears 
to have been a family connexion. In one passage of that 
document, the testator "requeyris and nominate Bernard 
Fergussone, his father, sir Thomas Kennedy of Culzean, 
knight, and Elizabeth McGill, his spous, to be or'sears to 
his said bairnes. Item, he levis in legacie to the said 
Christian his spouse, his hors and his naig. Item, he levis 
to the bairn his said spous is now with, incaice it be a 
femall, the sowme of ane thousand punds money, and or- 
dainis his air to pay the same befoir yir witness Mr. David 
M c gill, Younger." Paterson's Parishes and Families of 
Ayrshire, vol. i., p. 391. Before coming to Ireland, Mr. 



ship built the great church and bell-tower in Donaghadee, near the mount and town, and Portpatrick 
church also; both of them large edifices, each having four gable ends (for the figures of them are 
crosses) raised on new grounds and slated, now in good repair, as the rest are, apparent to the view 
of all men. 38 

Lastly, his Lordship being tenant to the Bishop of Down (as he was also to the Lord Primate,) 
he repaired a church on the episcopal lands in Kilmore parish,39 furnishing all those six houses of 
God with large Bibles, of the new translation, and printed Ao. 1603,* with common Prayer Books, 
then likewise set forth, both sorts being in folio, 41 and fair Dutch print (except the contents of 
chapters, and explanatory interjections, marginal notes, &c., and such like). One of those Bibles, 
now covered, my father and I preserved by transporting them to Scotland, with our best things, 
when he fled thither Ao. 1649, and I Ao. i689, 42 it being bestowed to be used in Grayabbey Church, 
where it is now read, his Lordship being always a firm professed friend to episcopacy and our liturgy, 
as all his race have contined to be and are at this day. 43 There is one of the said common Prayer 

David McGill had married Elizabeth Lindsay whose 
mother was a sister of the first viscountess Montgomery of 
the Ards. He died in 1633. Harris mentions, p. 55, that 
"under the Coat of Arms of the Rev. David Magill, 
minister of this and the neighbouring parishes, within the 
church (of Greyabbey), on a Stone in the South Wall, is 
this Inscription : 

" Voce gregem, -ait&qHe Deo, Lethoquefideles, 

8ui pamt, placuit qui cruciavit, hie est. 
biit 15 Octobtis, Anno 1633." 

38 To the view of all men. In 1744, Harris describes 
the church in Donaghadee as "old," but " in good Repair, 
and erected in the Form of a Cross, with narrow Gothick 
arched Windows. At the West End of it is a Square 
Steeple.not so high as the church, and seems never to 
have been finished." An font and Present State of County 
of Down, p. 66. The church at Portpatrick, built by 
the first viscount, has been long in ruins. Its old walls 
are still standing, surrounded by the present parish manse, 
the parish school, and other houses. 

39 Kilmore parish. The present church in Kilmore was 
built in 1 792, from private funds, supplied principally by 
the Crawford family, of Crawfordsburn, to whom the 
estate of Redemon, in Kilmore, belongs. The parish is 
situated partly in the barony of Kinelearty, and partly in 
the barony of Upper Castlereagh. 

40 Printed Ao. 1603. These Bibles were, most probably, 
copies of the Geneva translation, which was printed in 
"Dutch," and was very generally in use until about 1640, 
when it was superseded by the authorised version. 

41 In folio. Both the Geneva Bible and the Bishops' 
Bible were printed, according to Lowndes, in folio, in 
1602, and both in quarto, in 1603; so that either Lowndes 
or the author must be slightly mistaken. The Prayer- 
book here mentioned was entitled The Booke of Common 
Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, London, 
R. Barker, folio, 1603. There is a copy of this edition in 
the Lambeth Library, another at Cambridge, and an im- 
perfect one, in the British Museum. It is not improbable 
that some of the copies referred to in the text may yet 
exist. See Lowndes' Bibliographer s Manual. 

* And I, AO. 1689. The author's father, sir James 

Montgomery, removed to Scotland, on the defeat of the 
royalist forces in Ulster, at Lisnastrain, near Lisbum, by 
those of the Commonwealth, in 1649. The author also 
retired to Scotland in 1689, when the army sent by Tyr- 
connell scattered the troops raised by the northern pro- 
testants, in the neighbourhood of Dromore. 

4 3 Are at this day. This statement is nearly, but not 
altogether, correct The lady of the second viscount 
Montgomery (Jean Alexander) was a vehement presbyterian, 
and when her son, the third viscount, succeeded to the estates 
in 1642, he certainly appears to have been also imbued 
with presbyterian principles. A letter written by him, on 
the 2oth of June, 1643, to th e Scottish General Assembly, 
goes far to prove his early partiality at least for presbyte- 
nanism, however much he may have aftenvards changed 
his views. This letter, which has been printed in Dr. 
Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church, vol. i., p. 378, 
commences with an expression of the writer's regret at the 
want of a "lively ministry," in his immediate neighbour- 
hood, which want, he states, was "partly occasioned by the 
violent acts of prelates in driving away some of our best 
ministers from the same." He then expresses his grati- 
tude to the assembly for " sending pastors to this place by 
turns;" and concludes by entreating them "to make choice 
of some two grave and learned ministers, of good and 
holy lives and conversations, and them recommend, and 
send over to this country, the one for the parish church of 
Newton, and the other for my regiment, and by the assist- 
ance of God, they shall not want competent stipends. " 
The 'prelates' to whom the third viscount refers in the 
above extract were bishops Echlin and Leslie, the former 
of whom had deposed, or ' driven away, ' the presbyterian 
ministers, Dunbar, Blair, Welsh, and Livingston, in 1631; 
and the latter had deposed, or 'driven away,' the presby- 
terian ministers Brice, Ridge, Cunningham, Colvert, and 
Hamilton, in 1636. Of these ministers, Blair, Cunning- 
ham, and Hamilton had officiated respectively at Bangor, 
Holywood, and Ballywalter in the Ards. Another 
fact may be mentioned, which tends to show that the 
author's statement must be received in a somewhat modi- 
fied sense, at least so far as the third viscount's career is 
concerned prior to the year 1646. When he was captured 



Books (much mangled because ill kept and not used, because of the new ones established by law) 
which hath his Lordship's coat of arms, as Laird of Braidstane," stamped on the cover with leaf 
gold, as all the other said service books and Bibles had. 

His Lordship likewise furnished the said six churches with large bells, one to each of them, 
having in like manner the said coat-armorial on them. They are all extant (except those of 
Comerer and Kilmore, which were taken away in the rebellion, begun Ao. 1641, and since then), 
which makes me and others take it for granted that, considering his Lordship's piety and liberality, 
the said books and bells were his free gift to the said churches, and an humble offering to God, 
who had preserved and exalted him for these words, Soli Deo Gloria, are in great letters embossed 
round this bell in Grayabbey, and, I believe, is so on the other three ;+ s and I cannot imagine any 
reason why the bells should differ, or that they and the books were not his Lordship's gift and 
offering as aforesaid, because I have enquired heretofore at the oldest sensible men who dwelt in 
those towns, and of some yet alive, who averred for truth my assertion; and, for my part, I have 
searched all the papers I could come at, for making the whole narrative, and cannot find one iota 
or tittle to contradict my belief, nor to gainsay the testimony of the old, honest, unbiassed men 

His Lordship also built the quay or harbour at Donaghadee/ 6 a great and profitable work, 

in that year by Owen Roe O'Neill, at the battle of Ben- 
burb, Charles I. solicited his liberation, O'Neill at first 
declining, on the ground that "the lord viscount Montgo- 
mery of Ards hath sided these two years past and more 
with the parliament rebels of England in open hostility 
against your majesty." But a still stronger proof of the 
third viscount's early presbyterianism is supplied by dean 
Rust, who preached his funeral sermon, at Newtown, in 
1663, and who stated on that occasion that the deceased 
nobleman, in becoming, as he did, a faithful churchman, 
had risen superior to the prejudices of his early education, 
thus implying that he had been brought up in a different 
communion. It is a fact, besides, that the Ards family 
were very generally influenced in all political and religious 
movements by the family of Eglinton the former re- 
cognising the feudal superiority of the latter. And it so 
happened that both the sixth earl of Eglinton and the 
third viscount Montgomery received the most flattering 
partisan testimonies from presbyterian ministers, the one 
in 1644, and the other in 1646. See Fraser, Memorials, 
vol. i., pp. 268, 269; Reid, History of the Presbyterian 
Church, vol. ii., pp. 58, 59. 

** As laird of Braidstane. For Braidstane Arms see 
p. in, supra. 

45 On the other three. Of the two bells thus bestowed 
to the churches of Comber and Kilmore nothing is known 
but it may be presumed that they were converted to some 
use by the insurgent Irish. The motto on the bell now 
in Greyabbey church is Soli Deo detur gloria, recast 1714, 
from which we infer that it is in all respects the true re- 
presentative of the original one bestowed by the first 
viscount. The following extract of a letter from lieut.- 
col. F. O. Montgomery, dated 22nd July, 1866, explains 
the history of the old Bell at Portpatrick: "I have had 
a reply from the Rev. S. Bahner, minister of Portpatrick, 

to whom I had written to enquire if the bell mentioned, 
page 104 Montgomery Manuscripts, was still extant. He 
tells me he got two men to go up to the bell on the Old 
Church, which is still there, and examine it. On it they 
found a Crown and Scotch Thistle, and the words and 
figures 'Parish of Portpatrick, 1748.' He also inspected 
the Parish Records, and under the Minutes of 1747, he 
found that the previous Bell had fallen down and been 
broken, and that the fragments thereof, with 8 155., had 
been sent to Bristol to procure a new one. We may 
suppose the Bell broken in 1747 to have been one of the 
six mentioned in the Montgomery Manuscripts. 
I don't believe the old Bell remains at Newtownards though 
there is a Bell in the old Church Tower. Donaghadee, 
then, is the only remaining one of the six to be enquired 
after. " The bell in the old tower at Newtownards was re- 
cast, and has in wreath the date 1732. The bell in the 
tower at Donaghadee has Roger Ford, London, 1733- 

& Harbour at Donaghadee. This work was accom- 
plished about the year 1626, the date at which the first 
viscount commenced his repairs at Portpatrick harbour on 
the opposite coast. In reference to the latter work, there 
is the following passage in a letter of Charles I., to lord- 
deputy Falkland, dated Whitehall, April 2, 1626: "And 
because the Viscount (Montgomery), having lands in our 
Kingdom of Scotland, may have occasion frequently to 
repair thither, and specially at this time being to build a 
church at Port Montgomery (Portpatrick), and to repair 
the Port, the doing whereof hath been often recommended 
to us by our British undertakers as a thing very necessary 
for our service, our further pleasure is, that you grant a 
licence to the viscount, to pass into Scotland, so often as 
his occasions shall require, and the licence to continue, till 
upon further considerations, we shall be pleased, or you 
from us, to discharge the samej and likewise, that the 



both for public and private benefit; and built a great school at Newtown, endowing it, as I am 
credibly told, with twenty pounds yearly salary, for a Master of Arts,-*? to teach Latin, Greek and 
Logycks, allowing the scholars a green for recreation at goff, football, and archery, declaring, that 
if he lived some few years longer, he would convert his priory houses into a College for Philosophy; 
and further paid small stipends to a master to teach orthography and arithmetic, and to a music- 
master, who should be also precentor to the church (which is a curacy), so that both sexes might 
learn all those three arts; the several masters of all those three schools having, over and beside 
what I have mentioned, wages from every scholar under their charge; and, indeed, I have heard, 
in that church, such harmony from the old scholars, who learned musick in that Lord's time, that 

Viscount have liberty to transport all such materials, 
victuals, and other necessaries from his own bounds in Ire- 
land as are requisite for his own use and advancing of the 
work intended at the port in Scotland, with as much 
liberty and immunity as can be granted, in regard of the 
barrenness of the place of the country where the port doth 
lie." Morrin's Calendar, Charles /., p. 201. The 
harbour of Donaghadee was still in good repair in 1 744. 
The following account is given of it by Harris, State of 
the County of Down, page 65 : "The Kay of Donagha- 
dee is made of large Stones, in Form of a Crescent, with- 
out any Cement, and is 128 Yards in length, and about 21 
or 22 feet broad, besides a breast Wall of the same kind of 
Stones about six feet broad. It affords good shelter to 
vessels that lie here from the East and North- East storms, 
and is capable of receiving twelve or fourteen Bottoms of 
considerable bulk." At page 269, Harris adds "The 
Kay of Donaghadee was built by the Lord Mountgomery. " 
47 Master of Arts. Among the first (probably the first) 
teachers in this school, was one John Maclellan, son of 
Michael Maclellan, an inhabitant and burgess of Kirkcud- 
bright. Livingstone says of him that he "was first school- 
master at Newtownards in Ireland, where he bred several 
hopeful youths for the college." As Maclellan came 
originally from Kirkcudbright, he was probably a family 
connexion of sir Robert Maelellan, who married Elizabeth, 
elder daughter of the first viscount, about the year 1620. 
The date of this marriage was probably the time of John 
Maclellan's coming to teach at Newtown. During his em- 
ployment as a teacher, he occasionally officiated in the 
pulpits of Presbyterian ministers in the district. "Being 
first tried and approved," says Livingstone, "by the honest 
ministers in the county of Down, he often preached in 
their churches. He was a most streight and zealous man; 
he knew not what it was to be afraid in the cause of God, 
and was early acquainted with God and his ways. " He 
was appointed minister of Kirkcudbright in 1638. Sir 
Robert Maclellan, then lord Kirkcudbright, applied to the 
magistrates to grant the new pastor the sum of 200 marks, 
for vicarage tiends, which had been enjoyed by Mr. 
Glendonynge, the former minister. They refused, however, 
alleging that they had only paid Glendonynge 50 marks, 
and that the other 150 marks were conferred upon him as 
a token of their esteem and respect. Probably this refusal 
had some effect in shaping the rebukes for which Mr. 
Maclellan's pulpit orations were remarkable. In 1639, 
one Gilbert Reid threatened to shoot him with "a pair 
of bullets," for which he was punished by imprisonment 
and fine; and in 1642, Jaaet Creichton spoke "misrespectt 

fully" to him while in the kirk, and when he was actually 
engaged in the discharge of his ministerial duties. Janet 
was compelled to expiate this offence by standing at the 
kirk door from the time the bell began to ring till the text 
was given out, with a paper on her head setting forth the 
nature of her sin! The pastor of Kirkcudbright, together 
with Mr. Samuel Rutherford and Mr. John Livingstone, 
were denounced by a commissioner from Galloway at the 
meeting of Assembly in 1640, as being great encouragers 
of private gatherings at night for the purpose of reading 
scripture and engaging in prayer. "At their own hands, 
without the allowance of minister or elders, the people had 
begun to convene themselves confusedly about bed-time hi 
private houses, where for the greater part of the night, 
they would expound scripture, pray, and sing psalms, 
besides discussing questions of divinity, whereof some 
sae curious that they do not understand, and some sae 
ridiculous that they cannot be edified by them. " ' The con- 
sequence was that they began "to act lichtly and set at 
naught the public worship of God. " Mr. Henry Guthrie 
brought in a formal complaint against these practices, 
which, it was charged, had become very general through- 
out the west and south of Scotland. An act was then, 
or soon afterwards, passed by the Assembly, direct- 
ing 1st, That family worship be performed by those of 
one family only, and not of different families. 2nd, That 
reading prayers is lawful when none of the family can 
express themselves properly extempore. And, 3rd, That 
none be permitted to explain the scriptures but ministers 
and expectants approved by the presbytery. A short 
time before Mr. Maclellan's death, which occurred early 
in the year 1650, he wrote his own epitaph, as follows : 

"Come, stingless death, have o'er; lo! here's my pass, 
In blood charactered by His hand who was, 
And is, and shall be. Jordan, cut thy stream, 
Make channels dry; I bear my Father's name 
Stampd on my brow. I am ravished with my crown ; 
I shine so bright, down with all glory, down, 
That world can give. I see the peerless port, 
The golden street, the blessed soul's resort; 
The tree of life, floods gushing from the throne, 
Call me to joys. Begone, short woes begone; 
I lived to die, but now I die to live, 
I do enjoy more than I did believe. 

The promise me unto possession sends, 
Faith in fruition, hope, in having, ends." 

Minute Book kept by the War Committee of the Cove- 
nanters in the Stewart ry of Kirkcudbright in the years 1640 
and 1641, edited by J. Nicholson, pp. 215 2O; Miscellany 
of Maitland Club, vol. i. , p. 476, as quoted in Chambers's 
Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., p. 127. 



no better, without a full quire and organs, could be made. For the precentor's method was this- 
three trebles, three tenors, three counter-tenors, and 3 bass voices, equally divided on each side of 
them (besides the Gentlewomen scholars which sat scattered in their pews), which sang their several 
parts as he had appointed them, which overruled any of the heedless vulgar, who learned thereby 
(at least) to forbear disturbing the congregation with their clamorous tones. The scholars of the 
great school also came in order, following the master, and seated themselves in the next form in the 
loft or gallery, behind the Provost, who had his Burgesses on each hand of them. 

But, alas ! this beautiful order, appointed and settled by his Lordship, lasted no longer than 
till the Scottish army* 8 came over and put their Chaplains in our Churches j who, having power, 
regarded not law, equity or right to back or countenance them; they turned out all the legal loyal 
Clergy, who would not desert Episcopacy and the service book, and take the Covenant, a very 
bitter pill, indeed, to honest men; 4 ? but they found few to comply with them therein; and so they 
had the more pulpits and schools to dispose of to other dominies, for whom they sent letters into 
Scotland. s 

48 Scottish army. The Scottish army which came to 
Ulster in 1642 consisted of ten thousand men. Its six- 
teen regiments were commanded by the following officers, 
viz., Alexander Lesly, earl of Leven, commander-in-chief; 
the marquis of Argyle ; the earls of Lothian, Cassilis, 
Lindsay, Eglinton, and Glencairn; lords Sinclair and 
Louden; the laird of Largeyj sir Duncan Campbell of 
Sleat ; general Robert Monro; and colonels Montgomery, 
Lauder, Hume, and Dalzell. On the 2nd of April, the 
first instalment of this army, consisting of 2,500 men, 
arrived at Carrickfergus, under the command of general 
Robert Monro; and on the 4th of August following the re- 
maining portion appeared, with Alexander Lesly, earl of 
Leven, at their head. M'Skimm'sWsforyo/Carric&fergus, 
pp. 52, 403. "On the breaking out of the Irish rebellion, 
October 23rd, 1641, the then Lords Justices of Ireland, 
finding that the Protestant forces of that kingdom were ' 
unable to make head against the enemie, wrote importu- 
nately to England for a speedy supply of men, money, and 
arms, to oppose the rebels, and particularly proposed that 
in regard the Scots could be more easily transported over 
to the North of Ireland than the English, methods might 
be taken to bring forces from Scotland to their assistance; 
whereupon, Articles and Propositions were assented to by 
King Charles ist and the Parliaments of England and 
Scotland, for transporting 10,000 Scots into Ireland, to 
fight against the bloody Irish. By the third of these 
articles it is provided 'that they have the command and 
keeping of the town and castle of Carrickfergus, with 
power to them to remain still within the same, or to en- 
large their quarters, and to go abroad in the country upon 
such occasions as their officers, in their discretion, shall 
think expedient for the good of that Kingdom. And if it 
shall be thought fit, that any regiments or troops in that 
province shall join with them, that they receive orders from 
the commanders of their forces." Husband's Collections, 
p. 57, as quoted in Kirkpatrick's Loyalty of Presbyterians, 
p. 252. 

4 ' To honest men. At the commencement of the re- 
bellion, the Protestant bishops, with few exceptions, fled 

from their sees, their people being cut off in vast numbers 
by the skeins and pikes of the Irish insurgents. The 
presbyterian ministers, therefore, who came as chaplains 
with the Scottish forces, as well as those who soon re- 
appeared on the scene of their former humiliation (see p. 1 24, 
note 43, supra), now found everywhere throughout Ulster a 
clear stage for the amplest presbyterial operations. ' ' Mean- 
time," says Adair, True Narrative, p. 95, "the country 
was destitute of ministers; for the bishops and their party 
were generally swept away by the rebellion, and now began 
to be also discountenanced by the parliament of England. 
So that from that time forth the Lord began more openly to 
erect a new tabernacle for himself in Ireland, and especially 
in the northern parts of it, and spread more the curtains of 
his habitation. " No doubt such episcopalian ministers as 
had clung to their charges notwithstanding the departure 
of their bishops, found the covenant 'a bitter pill,' ad- 
ministered so soon after their sufferings from the rebellion. 
Only a few, it would appear from the text, were able to 
swallow it, and all who could not, were summarily ex- 
pelled from their parishes. There were three Scottish 
covenants, or rather three varieties of one covenant. The 
first was framed during the minority of James VI. ; the 
second, known as the National Covenant, in 1638; and 
the third, or Solemn League and Covenant, in 1643. The 
first was simply an engagement against the dreaded en- 
croachments of popery, whilst the second and third were 
designed to uproot prelacy, as the accursed thing, which, 
at all hazards, was to be encountered and destroyed. The 
writer of Naphtali, or the Wrestlings of the Chiwch of Scot- 
land, at p. 53, says: "The rooting out of prelacy and 
the wicked hierarchy, therein so obviously described, is the 
main duty." See Buckle's Civilization in England, vol. 
ii., p. 336 and notes. The covenant referred to in the 
text, was the National Covenant of 1638, 

s Letters into Scotland. Curiously enough, the term 
dominies is here used as a contemptuous designation, al- 
though it was originally employed as a title of respect. 
Du Cange states that a bishop, abbot, and canon enjoyed 
the distinction of dominus. Domine, the vocative case, 



All those mighty and (as I may justly term them) pious works were performed by his Lordship 
before his second marriage. In the patent for his lands, which, by the trouble aforesaid, he could 
not get passed till 2d Car. Ao. i626, Sl which was then positively ordered by his Majesty, at the 
earnest solicitation of James Montgomery, Gentleman Usher in his Privy Chamber aforesaid. His 
Lordship had grants therein of fairs and weekly markets in Donaghadee, Grayabby and Comerer, 
towns aforesaid, with a free port to each of them;s 2 f rom whence all goods (except linen yam) might 
be exported, and the ordinary customs, both inward and outward, were granted to himself and his 
heirs, which he took at very low rates, the more to encourage importers, and such as would come 
to plant on his lands; which usage did wonderfully further and advance his towns & plantation with 
trade, which was begun and to a great degree encreased in the first seven years after it began, which 
was Ao. 1606, as aforesaid; and thus it continued growing better and better till his Lordship's 
death, and afterwards, also, even until the Lord Strafford's administration, when patents were re- 
newed, and the grants of ports, customs and officers were retrenched by Parliament, and vested in 
the crown again. 53 His Lordship also (before he was nobilitated) had his coat armorial, according 
to the bearing of his ancestors, gilded on his closet books, as the Bible and Prayer Books were. 

His Lordship had also granted to him many franchises, immunitys and privileges in his lands 

came to be the form of address from pupils to their teacher, 
when they wished to say Sir, or Master. The word was at 
length used as a name of contempt for ministers and school- 
masters alike. In Ritson's Collection of Songs, vol. i., p. 
179, we have the following : 

" Ministers' stipends are uncertain rents 

For ladies' conjunct-fee, laddie ; 
When book and gown are all cried down 
No dominie for me, laddie." 

The term was commonly prefixed, in conversation, to the 
surname of the minister spoken of, and was sometimes so 
used even in print: Thus in Franck's Northern Memoirs, 
p. 114, the author says, when speaking of a particular 
locality : "But there is one thing remarkable and that's 
the house of Dominie Caudwell (Caldwell), who absolved 
the thief, and concealed the theft, so lost his breeches." 
See Jamieson's Etymological Dictionary. The ministers 
to whom this term was applied by the author in the text 
were Messrs. Cunningham, Baird, Peebles, and Simpson, 
who had come as chaplains to Scottish regiments, and 
were soon afterwards followed from Scotland "by other 
dominies," as the pulpits were emptied of their episcopal 
occupants. These others were located at Ballymena, An- 
trim, Cairncastle, Templepatrick, Lame, Belfast, Carrick- 
fergus, Ballywalter, Portaferry, Newtownards, Donagha- 
dee, Killyleagh, Comber, Holywood, andBangor. Adair's 
Narrative, w- 95, 101, 102. 

5 Ao. 1626. Seep. 77, supra. 

s 2 Free port to each of them. See this Patent of 1626 in 
Appendix F, at the end of the volume. 

53 Vested in the crown again. Strafford's administration 
commenced from the date of his patent, July 3, 1633, and 
came to a close on the 3Oth of December, 1640, when lord 
Robert Dillon and sir Wm. Parsons were appointed to ad- 
minister the Irish government on his impeachment. 
Strafford was lord deputy until Jan. 1 3, 1639, when Charles 

raised him to the higher dignity of lord lieutenant The 
patent for the latter appointment recites that Thomas, earl 
of Strafford, having for six years and more approved his 
obedience and industry to the crown, in the office of L.D. 
pf Ireland, and general of the army there, the king in re- 
compence for his services in those stations, for his Majesty's 
honour safety of the church, and the whole people's good, 
appointed him L.L. for Ireland." Liber Hibernia, vol. 
i. , p. 7. Notwithstanding these honours, the administra- 
tion of Strafford was one of the most disastrous this country 
ever witnessed, and led directly to the outbreak of that 
fatal rebellion which soon afterwards followed. "Upon a 
stale assumption of a title in the crown to Connaught, large 
tracts in Munster and also in Leinster, he caused commis- 
sions to be issued out of chancery into the several counties 
in which the coveted possessions lay, and by a compulsory 
process with juries which the lord lieutenant of that 
day had the power to apply, findings were obtained 
exactly suited to Strafford's inconsiderate political pro- 
gramme The feeling of insecurity to all 

real property engendered by the inquisitions adverted to 
was natural, and the subsequent attainder and execution 
of Strafford, did not mitigate it, as the title of the crown to 
the devoted possessions was suffered to remain recorded in 
the court of chancery ; and that title, although by circum- 
stances suspended, might, at the earliest convenient oppor- 
tunity, be called into action. Had the English parliament 
upon Strafford's conviction, pronounced these inquisitions 
illegal and ineffective as was afterwards done in the pre- 
amble to the Act of Explanation in 1665, it would in all 
probability, have produced reaction, and created a confidence 
in the public mind that would have disarmed the spirit of 
disaffection and revolt, which the proceedings of Strafford, 
and the unconciliating and bitter tone of the Irish parlia- 
ment towards their Roman catholic fellow-subjects had 
excited to desperation." See Transactions of Royal Irish 
Academy, Antiquities, vol. xxiv., pp. 380, 381. 


and courts, and to his senischall, which, whether they stand on the old bottom, or be fallen, because 
of taking out the new patent, 13 Car. upon the Commission, for remedy of defective titles, 3 * I will 
not say pro or con, but leave it to those who shall be concerned, and so surcease mention of his 
other acts; and shall tell of him things which his Lordship never did nor knew, viz. the last 
memories, I mean his funeral, which I here write of him, who was, by the Irish, to the highest de- 
gree, beloved whilst alive and lamented when dead. 

s* Defective titles. In 1636, a commission was issued to same. After the passing of this act the second viscount 
inquire into defects supposed to exist in all titles to estates, Montgomery, who had succeeded to the estates in 1636, 
and to prepare an act of parliament for remedying the took out a new patent, 13 Car. I. 1638 See Appendix H. 




pASTLY as to his late Lordship's funeral, it was managed by the said Sir James, joint- 
executor, with his eldest brother 1 to the defunct's will, 2 as the alteration of his coat armo- 
rial had been. I here transcribe from his pen the order of it as concerted between him 
and Ulster King at Arms,* and Albone Leveret, Athlone (whose acquittances for fees I have), being 
his pursuivant. * The solemnity was performed with all the pomp that the rules of heraldry s would 
admit and decency did require. For the preparations thereunto no time was wanting, his late Lord- 
ship (as hath been said) dying in May, 1636, and his corpse being embalmed and rolled in wax 
searcloths was close coffined, (no more now Lord or Montgomery) was locked up in a turrett till a 
week before its interment, at which time (being in September the said last mentioned year), it was 
carried privately by night a mile out of town, and in a large tent laid in state, and attended with the 
formalities of wax candles, friends and servants, till the day of the procession on foot from the said 
tent to the Church. The persons who made up the procession were all clothed in blacks (called in 
Scotland dueil weeds 6 from this word dueil, but, burrowed from the French, signifying mourning) 

1 Eldest brother. This was Hugh, who had now become 
second viscount. 

2 Defuncfs will. The reader will find a copy of this 
document in Appendix I. 

3 Ulster King at Arms. This was Thomas Preston, 
esq., who had been Portcullis Herald in England, and 
who was appointed Ulster King in 1633. He died in 
1642, and was buried in St. Werburghs, on the I2th of July. 
Liber HibernicE, vol L, part ii. p, 85. 

* Being his pursuivant. Albone or Alvane Leveret, 
was eldest son of William Leveret, appointed Athlone 
pursuivant, by patent dated March 28, 1595. William 
Leveret surrendered this patent the l6th July, 1608, and 
on the following day, he and his son Alvane, or Albone, 
received a new patent including both their names. Liber 
Hibernia, vol. i., part ii. p. 85. 

s Rules of heraldry. Heraldry has been denned to be the 
art of arranging and explaining in appropriate terms every 
particular connected with the bearing of coats of arms, 
badges, and other hereditary or assumed marks of honour. 
It is also described as the science of marshalling pro- 
cessions, and conducting the ceremonies of coronations, 
creations of peers, funerals, and all other public solemnities. 
Depreciators of this art stigmatize it as "the science of 
fools with long memories. " It should rather be designated, 
others aver, "as a science which properly directed, would 
make fools wise. It is a key to history which may yet 
unlock stores of information. At present its learned pro- 
fessors have studied the art itself more than the use which 
may be made of it. " See Penny Cydoptzdia, vol. xii. , pp. 
139, 144. The significance of heraldic ceremonies may 
be inferred from a letter addressed by Charles I. to the 

lord-deputy Falkland, in 1626. The king commences 
this letter by referring to "diverse abuses and disorders con- 
cerning Arms and Armoury there (in Ireland) occasioned 
partly through the boldness of some mechanical persons 
who presume to set forth arms for the nobility and gentry, 
. . . and partly through the nobility and gentry them- 
selves, who have of late, as we are informed, wholly in a 
manner laid aside all funeral rites and ceremonies." This 
neglect the king describes as "a matter requiring speedy 
redress and reformation in regard of the gentry and nobility 
themselves whom so deeply in honour it concemeth, and 
whose houses cannot but in a short time grow into so many 
perplexities and confused disorders in their arms and pedi- 
grees, if all use of arms be laid aside at obsequies and 
funerals, and no entry made of the day of their decease, 
matches, and issues. " The letter concludes as follows : 
"And our further pleasure is to see our servant (Daniel 
Molyneux, then Ulster King of Arms) countenanced and 
furthered in the execution of a commission of Heralds' 
visitation throughout the several places and quarters of 
that our kingdom ; and if any whom it shall concern be 
backward or refractory against the due execution of the 
forenamed commission, our pleasure is that you take spe- 
cial notice of them, hereby requiring and authorizing you 
to use such means, as in any wise they be made obedient 
to this our command and pleasure to you signified in that 
behalf. " The reader may find the whole of this remarkable 
letter printed in Morrin's Calendar, reign of Charles /., p. 

6 Dueil -weeds. Dueil is the French for dule or dool, a 
Scottish word meaning grief. The Gaelic form is doilgkios, 
and the Latin dolor. The following illustration of the use 


and were seen in the following order, which the reader may please to peruse, if he doe not already 
know well enough the manner of burying Viscounts/ which is, viz. Imprimis, 2 conductors (with 
black truncheons) named Thomas Kenedy and John Lockart, both of Comerer adly, poor men 
(the oldest could be had) called salys (i.e. almsmen 8 ) in gowns, to the number of 76, the year current 
of his late Lordship's age, walking two and two, with their black staves 3dly, the servants of 
Gentlemen, Esquires, Knights, Barons, Vicounts, and Earles hereafter named, viz., by two's as they 

Hy. Savage, of Arkeen' . i Hu. Kennedy, of Greengraves 10 - - - i 

Rt. Barclay, Dean of Clogher 11 - -2 

of this word occurs in Bellenden's Chronicle, book vi., 
Chap. 1 8 : "Efter proscription of the men, come sundry 
ladys of Scotland, arrayit in their dule habit, for doloure 
of their husbandis, quhilkis war slane in this last battall." 
Wynton (Chronicle, vii.,.4,) says : 

" Mackbeth-Tynlayk and Lulawch fule, 
Oure-drevyn had all their dayis in dule." 

See Jamieson's Etymological Dictionary. 

i Of burying viscounts. The author has given us here 
perhaps one of the most complete accounts of this ceremony 
on record. The burying of a viscount differed only hi cer- 
tain heraldic arrangements from the burying of an earl, of 
which latter ceremony there are several instances recorded. 
The first earl of Buccleuch, who died in London at the close 
of 1633, was buried on the nth of June, 1634, an interval 
somewhat longer between the death and the funeral than 
was observed in the case of the first viscount Montgomery 
at Newtown. When Buccleuch's body was brought from 
England, where it had been embalmed, it rested twenty 
days hi the church of Leith, whence it was removed 
to the family residence of Branxholm, and thence, 
in due heraldic time and order, transferred to its 
last resting-place in Hawick church. The procession 
which preceded the body along the banks of the Teviot 
was composed first, of forty-six saulies (the number of the 
years deceased had lived) in black gowns and hoods, each 
carrying a black stave; then came a trumpeter, in the family 
livery, sounding his trumpet at intervals ; next advanced 
Robert Scott of Howshaw, fully armed, riding on a fair- 
horse, and carrying on the point of his lance a little banner 
of the defunct's colours, azure and or. After him came a 
horse in black trappings, led by a lackey in mourning, 
another horse with a crimson velvet foot-mantle, and three 
trumpeters in mourning, on foot ' sounding sadly. ' Then, 
the great scutcheon or gumpheon of black taffeta carried 
on a lance; the spurs of the deceased earl carried by Walter 
Scott of Lauchope ; his sword borne by Andrew Scott of 
Broadmeadows ; his gauntlets by Francis Scott of Castle- 
side, and his coat of honour by Lawrence Scott, all near 
kinsmen of Buccleuch. Eight gentlemen of the clan 
Scott followed, each bearing the coat of arms of one 
of the various paternal and maternal ancestors of the 
defunct. Other gentlemen of the name of Scott carried 
the great pencil, the standard, the coronet and the arms. 
After them went three other trumpeters, and the three pur- 
suivants in mourning. ' Last of all cam the corpse, carried 
under a fair pall of black velvet, decked with armes, larmes, 
and cipress of sattin, knopt with gold, and on the coffin 

the defunct's helmet and coronet, overlaid with cipress, to 
shew that he was a soldier. And so in this order, with 
the conduct of many honourable friends, marched they 
from Branxholm to Hawick church, where, after the 
funeral sermon ended, the corps were interred amongst his 
ancestors.' A MS. by sir James Balfour, and Ancient 
Heraldic Tracts, as quoted by Chambers, in Domestic 
Annals of Scotland, vol. ii., pp. 73, 74. 

8 Salys (i.e. almsmen). Salys, more generally written 
saullies, were hired mourners who walked in procession 
before the corpse. Acts, Jac. VI., 1621, c. 25, s. 12, 
directsthat "nodeuleweedesbegivento Heraulds, Trumpet- 
ters, or Saullies, except by earls, and lords, and their wives. 
And the number of saullies to be according to the number 
of the deule weedes, under the pane of one thousand 
punds." Fergusson, the Scottish poet, uses the word in 
the following couplet : 

"How come mankind, when lacking, woe, 
In saullie's face their heart to show?" 

This term is supposed to be derived from the constantly 
repeated salve uttered by the mourners who preceded the 
corpse in Roman catholic times. See Jamieson's Etymo- 
logical Dictionary. 

9 Hy. Savage, of Arkeen. This Henry Savage, whom 
the author afterwards notices especially in his Incidentall Re- 
membrances of Two A ncient Families of the Savages, was son 
of Jenkin Savage, and grandson of Ferdoragh Savage, of 
Ardchin. See Erck's Repertory, &c., of Patent Rolls, 
p. 251. 

10 Hu. Kennedy, of Greengraves. Greengraves is the 
name of a townland in the parish of Newtownards. 
There were many settlers in the Ards of this surname of 
Kennedy, belonging, no doubt, to several branches of the 
family in Ayrshire. One of the best known at an early 
period of the settlement in Down was Fergus Kennedy, 
who held extensive landed property in the parish of 
Comber, and of whom Hugh, mentioned in the text, may 
have been a son, probably so called after sir Hugh Mont- 
gomery. A second Fergus Kennedy's name appears on 
an early rent-roll in connexion with lands in Ballyclogher, 
Ballylurgan, and Ballyalteskeoge, in the parish of Comber. 
MS. Paper preserved at Donaghadee. 

11 Rt. Barclay. For dean Barclay's several appoint- 
ments see Liber Munerum Hibernia, vol. ii. , part v. , pp. 
1 06 in; Morrin's Calendar, reign of Charles 1., p. 
592, where his name is erroneously written Buckley. In 
the SpottiswootU Miscellany, vol. .i., pp. 104, 105, the 
reader may see a curious account of Barclay's at- 



Robt. Adair, of Ballymenagh" - 
Archd. Edminston,of Duntreth 13 
Sir Jos. Cunningham, Kt. 14 

- I Sir Wm. Murray, Kt. and Bart.' 5 

- 2 Mr. Jo. Alexander 16 - 

- I Sir Edw. Trever 1 ? 

tempt to reconcile certain family difficulties between lord 
Ridgevvay and sir James Erskine. In 1643, dean Bar- 
clay suffered deposition at the hands of the presbyterian 
ministers, who accused him of "trading in a way incon- 
sistent with the ministry, of cursing and swearing, pro- 
faning the Sabbath, intruding on a neighbouring parish, 
and frequent drunkenness." Adair's Narrative, p. 140. 
Two others, named Robert Young and Archibald Glas- 
gow, deposed at the same time, on more serious charges, 
were appointed at the Restoration to the rectories of Cul- 
daff and Clondevaddock. Had dean Barclay lived 
until the Restoration, his deposition by the presbyterians 
would, no doubt, have had the effect of securing his ad- 
vancement also. He purchased an estate in the county 
of Monaghan in the year 1632, and died at Glasslough in 
1659. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Max- 
well, dean of Armagh, by whom he left one child, Mary, 
who became the wife of a gentleman named Cope, and 
who was thirty years of age at the time of her father's 
death. Inquisitions, Monaghan, no. 1 12 Car. I.; no. 5 
Car. II. 

12 Robt. Adair, of Ballymenagh. See p. 113, supra. 
Robert Adair, afterwards sir Robert, born in 1603, 
succeeded to the family estate, at Ballymena, in 1626, 
the date of his father's death. He acted as an 
arbitrator on one occasion for the first viscount Mont- 
gomery, as appears from the following sentence in the 
will of the latter: "Imprimis, there is due and remain- 
ing unpaid unto me by Francis Lyall, Esqr. , according to 
an award made by Arthur Lyall and Robert Adair, Esqr. , 
the sum of ;8oo sterling." At the time of sir Robert 
Adair's death, in 1655, he resided at Ballymena als Kin- 
hillstowne, and was in possession of the towns and lands 
of Ballycloghcarry als Ballyloughnegarry, 120 acres; Bal- 
lyclogher, 1 20 acres; Ballycreegyburran als Ballycreegy- 
varran, 120 acres; Ballyvalley als Bally, 120 acres; the 
three quarter land of Ballydromin, 100 acres ; Ballydowne- 
fiane, 120 acres; Ballynegarvey, 1 20 acres; half a quarter 
land in Ballytissane called Killin, 20 acres; the towns, 
lands, and tenements of Ballymeanagh als Kinhillstowne, 
1 20 acres; Ballyloughan, 120 acres; Ballyloymore, 1 20 
acres ; half of the town and lands of Duneveagh, 60 acres ; 
half the town and land of Dungall, 30 acres ; Monaghan, 
1 20 acres; Clonteconnelagh, 120 acres; half the town and 
lands of Kilflegh als Kilflugh, 30 acres; the parcell of 
land called Ballylugg, alias Wm. M c Gee's parcel, 20 acres ; 
the quarter of Broghmolt, 60 acres ; the quarter of Cor- 
munck, 30 acres ; the quarter of Carrowdumoge, 30 acres ; 
the half of Antenecunties, 60 acres ; and the half of Bally - 
necabra, 30 acres, all lying in the territory of Clanagherty, 
county of Antrim. Robert Adair owed the earl of Antrim 
S7 I os, for which he paid to the latter the yearly sum 
of ,50 153. The earl of Antrim assigned this annuity to 
Alexander Colville, doctor of divinity. Inquisitions, An- 
trim, no. 3, Car. II. 

*s Archd. Edminston, of Duntreth. Son of William 
Edmonston and Isabella Haldane, see p. 58, supra. 

16 Sir Jos. Cunningham, Kt. Sir Jos. Cunningham 
is mentioned afterwards as holding a commission under 

sir William Stewart, in 1642. He is not noticed by 
Lodge, but most probably belonged to one of the many 
families of this surname settled in Donegal. 

'7 Sir Wm. Murray. This was sir William Murray of 
Clermont, in the county of Fife, who had married Margaret, 
second daughter of sir Wm. Alexander, and was therefore 
brother-in-law to the second viscount Montgomery of 
Ards. This marriage took place in Kensington church, 
near London, and is recorded as follows in the parochial 
register: "1620 Mr. W. Murray and Mrs. Margaret 
Alexander, daughter of sir William Alexander, a Scottish 
knight, July the 2Oth." See Appendix G. Sir William 
Murray was created a baronet of Nova Scotia on the first 
of July, 1626. His family was a branch of the ancient 
house of Murray, which has been seated in Blackbarony, 
county of Peebles, since the middle of the fifteenth century. 
See Burke's Peerage. 

18 Mr. Jo. Alexander. This was the fourth son 
of sir William Alexander, earl of Stirling. Of him 
Mr. Banks says in his Memoir: "Which Honourable 
John Alexander, after the death of his father, having 
been greatly harassed for the engagements he had 
entered into for his said father, to enable him to 
furnish the immense expenses continually required from 
him, to support his colonies in America, was obliged 
to quit Scotland, and thereupon he went to Ireland, 
where his mother, the Dowager Countess of Stirling, 
and his sister, the Viscountess Montgomery, were residing, 
and there by the assistance of his brother in-law, Gen. 
Monro, he found an Asylum, and thenceforth fixed his 
domicile. In the more early part of his life, he had at- 
tended with his three brothers, William, Lord Alexander, 
Sir Anthony Alexander, and Charles Alexander, the fune- 
ral of the first Viscount Montgomery at Newtown Ardes 
and he now rejoined the society of the family. He 
married Agnes, the daughter and Heiress of Robert Gra- 
ham of Gartmore, in Scotland, and had an only son John, 
the great grandfather of the present ( 1 829) Earl of Stirling. " 
It is believed that the hon. John Alexander resided in the 
neighbourhood of the town of Antrim. He was interred 
in the vault of the Montgomery family at Newtown. 
When the old church was demolished in 1830 (see p. 123, 
note 33, supra) his tombstone, with others, was used as flagging 
to make the floor of the court-house. It is strange that 
William Montgomery, who was usually careful to give to 
every man his proper title, does not designate John Alex- 
ander or his brother Charles by the epithet honourable, 
although they were sons of an earl. 

19 Sir Edw. Trever. Sir Edward Trevor was an old man 
at the date of the first viscount's funeral in 1636. He 
had served against the Irish during the rebellion of Hugh 
O'Neill, and was highly distinguished as a gallant officer 
in that service. Sir Edward's name appears on several 
important commissions connected with the county of 
Down. See Erck's Patent Rolls, James I., pp. 329, 352; 
Morrin's Calendar, Charles I., pp. 65, 289; Ulster 
Inquisitions, Armagh, no. 7, Jac. I.; 13, 27, Car. I.; 
Down, u, Jac. I.; 5, 39, 46, 51, 65, 84, 93, 97, Car. I. ; 
Harris, County of Down, pp. 83, 87. 



Jo. Shaw, of Greenock, Esq. 80 - 
Geo. Montgomery, Esq. 21 - 
Sir Anthy. Alexander, Kt. M 
The Lord Alexander 23 
The Lord Viscount Claneboy 24 - 

Sir Wm'. Semple, Kt. as - 2 

Charles Alexander 26 - i 

N. Montgomery, Esq., of Langshaw 27 - i 

Pat. Savage, 28 of Portaferry, Esq. - 5 

Sir Jas. Montgomery, Kt. 29 - - 6 

* John Shaw, of Greenock. This gentleman was son of 
James Shaw, and Margaret, daughter of Robert Mont- 
gomery, sixth laird of Hazlehead. James died in 1620, 
leaving John, his only son and heir, who added very much 
to the family estates, and died in the year 1679. Craw- 
ford's Renfrewshire, p. 125. Crawford errs in stating 
that Margaret Montgomery was daughter of Hugh, 
the fifth laird, she being his grand-daughter. 'The 
Commissary Records of Glasgow show that Margaret 
Wallace, spous to Robert Montgomerie of Hessilheid,' 
who 'deceissit in the moneth of Julii, 1602, left a 
daughter, Margaret Montgomerie (Mrs. James Shaw), in 
favour of whom her latter will and testament was made. ' 
Paterson, Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, voL i., 
pp. 291, 292, note. 

21 Geo. Montgomery, Esq. The third son of the first 
viscount was named George, but he, as chief mourner, 
followed the hearse on this occasion. The gentleman 
mentioned in the text was a kinsman. The second viscount, 
writing to the earl of Ormonde, on the 24th of March, 
1641-2. says: "I may not forgete to give your IQP. 
humble thankes for one George Montgomerie, a kinsman 
of myne, whom your loP. had been pleased to profarre as 
ensigne to lieu ten tant colonell Stirling. I shall intreate, 
that as your IOP. fyndes the young gentleman to deserve 
that, your lo p . will be pleased to take him in your care 
for further preferrment." Carte Collection, Bodleian 
Library, Oxford. 

23 Sir Anthy. Alexander. Sir Anthony was second 
son of the earl of Stirling, and a brother of the second 
viscountess Montgomery. In the Advocates' Library, 
Edinburgh, there are preserved two folio volumes in manu- 
script, entitled Secretary Alexander, his Register of Letters. 
This MS. contains the following notice of sir Anthony's 
death, which was most probably written by his father, the 
first earl of Stirling: " Londone, Sonday, 17 Septm., 
1637, S r . Anthony Alexander, knyght, dyed." 

2 3 The Lord Alexander. This was William, eldest son 
of the earl of Stirling, and eldest brother of the second 
viscountess Montgomery. In the collection or Register 
of Letters above quoted, there is the following notice of 
his death: "Londone, May 18, 1638, William, lord 
Alexander, eldest sonne to W. Alexander, earle of 
Stirling, dyed." The editor is indebted for the two fore- 
going extracts to the kindness of the Rev. Dr. Rogers, 
Greenwich, the author of A Week at Dunoon. In the 
Memoir of Mr. Banks, there is the following notice of the 
lord Alexander mentioned in the text : ' ' William, vis- 
count Canada, eldest son and heir apparent of William, 
earl of Stirling, was a young man of great talents and 
spirit. He was knighted in the life-time of his father, and 
for a considerable period was his deputy and lieutenant in 
Nova Scotia, in which station he was at great pains in 
settling the colony, but the hardships and fatigues he had 
to encounter in that undertaking so impaired his health, 
that, on his return to England, he died at London on the 

1 8th of May, 1638, in the prime of life, and before his 
father. He married the lady Jean Douglas, daughter of 
William, marquis of Douglas, and by her (who survived 
him), had one son, William, and three daughters, viz., 
Katherine, Jane, and Margaret, whereof the first married 
Walter, lord Torphichen, and the last, sir Robert Sinclair, 
bart, of Longfermachas. William, only son of viscount 
Canada, succeeded his grandfather as earl of Stirling, on 
the 1 2th of February, 1640, but died in May following, 
under eight years of age, leaving his three sisters as his 
co-heirs at common law ; but the titles and estates of the 
family, having by the charter of Novo Damns, of the 7th 
December, 1639, coalesced, and been limited to descend' 
together, the right of the whole inheritance devolved upon 
his uncle Henry, third son of William, the first earl of 

24 Viscount Claneboy. James Hamilton, created viscount 
Claneboy in 1622. He died in 1643. See p. 31, et seq. t 

2 s Sir Wm. Semple. Sir William Semple or St. Paul 
of Letterkenny, county of Longford, was brother-in-law of 
sir James Montgomery of Rosemount, having married 
Anne, the second daughter of sir William Stewart, and 
sister of sir James's first wife. This sir William Semphill 
was probably a son of Robert, fourth lord Semple, and 
lady Agnes Montgomery, a daughter of the house of 
Eglinton. Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, edited by Arch- 
dall, voL vi., p. 247. 

26 Charles Alexander. This gentleman was fifth son of 
the earl of Stirling, and fifth brother of the second 
viscountess Montgomery. He married Anne, daughter 

ot Drurie, and left one son, Charles, who died 

without issue. Banks's Memoir of Sir Wm. Alexander. 

*i Of Langshaw. The Montgomerys of Langshaw, or 
Lainshaw, in the parish of Stewarton, county of Ayr, were 
descended from Nigel or Neil Montgomery, second son 
of Hugh, first earl of Eglinton, and the lady Helen 
Campbell, a daughter of Colin, first earl of Argyle. 
Neil Montgomery, who was present at the funeral in 
Newtownards, was the sixth laird of Lainshaw. His 
mother was Maria Mure, daughter of sir William Mure of 
Rowallan. In the will of Patrick Houston of Park, who 
died in 1635, there is the following passage referring to 
this laird and his mother as debtors to the testator : "Item, 
there was awand, &c. , be Marioun Muir, ladie Langschaw, 
as principall, and Neill Montgomerie, hir sone, as 
cautioner for hir, the sowme of twa thousand poundis 
money, obleist be thame to the defunct, in the name of 
tocher, with Agnes Montgomerie, dochter to the said 
Marioun Muir, for the marriage solemnizat betuix hir and 
George Houstoune." Paterson, Parishes and Families 
of Ayrshire, vol. ii., pp. 453, 454. 

28 Pat. Savage. Son-in-law to the first viscount. See 
p. 89, supra. 

*> Sir James Montgomery, Of Rosemount; second sou 
of the deceased. 




Sir Wm. Stewart, 30 Kt. and Bart. - - 5 The Lord Montgomery, 31 the Earle's son 1 

The Earle of Eglinton 32 - - . - - 5 
Besides the attendants on their two Lordships' bodies. 

4th, Then marched the standard borne by Lt. Robert Montgomery^ 

5th, After it followed the servants to the second Viscount, the chief mourner, viz. 

John Boyd, 3 * Henry Purfrey, Hugh Montgomery, of Grange, 38 jun. 

William Catherwood, 33 Hugh Montgomery, of Newtown, 37 Edw. Johnston, 3 ' of Greengraves. 

Mr. Samuel Row, 36 James Fairbairn, 

37 Sir Wm. Stewart. See pp. 93, 94, supra. Sir Wm. 
Stewart survived the Revolution, and died at a good old 
age. His grandson was created lord Stewart of Ramel- 
ton, and viscount Mountjoy in 1692. The grandson of 
the latter was created earl of Blessington in I745> an( i died 
without issue in 1 769. The titles were revived in favour 
of the representative of Thomas Stewart of Fort-Stewart, 
county of Donegal, who was second son of the first sir 
William Stewart of Aughentean and Newton- Stewart. 
The titles have again become extinct, the late well-known 
countess of Blessington being the widow of the last earl. 
For an interesting account of this branch of the Stewart 
family in Ulster, see Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, edited 
by Archdall, vol. vi. , pp. 245 258. 

31 Lord Montgomery. This was Hugh Montgomery, 
eldest son of Alexander, sixth earl of Eglinton. He be- 
came seventh earl, on the death of his father in 1661, and 
died in 1669. 

3* Earle of Eglinton. The sixth earl, surnamed Grey- 
steel. See p. 7, supra. 

33 Lt. Robert Montgomery. Lieut. Robert Montgomery 
(as the author afterwards states in his memoirs of various 
families of this surname) was the second son of Nicholas 
Montgomery of Derrybrusk, near Enniskillen. His elder 
brother was Hugh Montgomery of Derrygonnelly, county 
of Fermanagh, and his younger brother was Andrew 
Montgomery, rector of Carrickmacross. 

34 John Boyd. This gentleman was, no doubt, a de- 
scendant probably a grandson of colonel David Boyd. 
John Boyd of Drumnafaddie, or Drumfad, near Donagha- 
dee, held a bond for ^150 against the second earl of 
Mount Alexander, in 1676. MS. Paper preserved at Don- 
aghadee. A rent-roll of the Mount- Alexander estate, at the 
close of the seventeenth century, represents David Boyd 
as in possesson of Drumfad, formerly held by John Boyd. 
The lands contained 1 76 acres, for which the yearly rent 
was 4 I3s4d. 

35 William Catherwood. Of Ballyvester, parish of 
Donaghadee. See p. 54, supra. 

& Mr. Samuel Row. A Presbyterian minister of this 
name was settled for a time in Ulster, but it is not known 
in what locality. He returned to Scotland before 1640, 
and became the colleague of Mr. Henry Macgill, in Dun- 
fermline. Dr. Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church, 
vol. i., p. 212. Probably Mr. Row, whilst in Ulster, had 
not charge of a congregation, but acted as chaplain to some 
family of the gentry or nobility. 

3 ' Hugh Montgomery, of Newtown. This gentleman 
was seneschal of Newtown. He is mentioned more par- 
ticularly in the author's account of several families of this 
surname towards the end of his Memoirs. 

38 Hugh Montgomery, of Grange. This Hugh was son 
of John of Gransheogh, murdered by wood-kerns. See 
p. 60, note 46, supra. Hugh here mentioned, although 
said to be a servant of the second viscount, was also his 
second cousin, their fathers being cousins-german. This 
Hugh was member of parliament for Newtown in 1634, 
and was fined in the sum of 50 for absence from his 
duties in the Irish House of Commons in that year, which 
fine was remitted when it was known that his absence 
was caused by the death of sir James Montgomery's first 
lady. See p. 1 20, note 26, supra. On the 2ist of Nov., 
1628, the first viscount and his son, Hugh Montgomery, 
by Indenture, conveyed the lands of Grangee (afterwards 
better known as Gransheogh) for thirty shillings rent, to 
the gentleman named in the text, which Indenture was 
made in pursuance of articles of agreement dated igth 
June, 1622. The lands thus conveyed in fee-farm for ever 
are described as adjoining the lands then occupied by 
Elizabeth Morriss (previously held by Matthew Mont- 
gomery), William Calderwood, Andrew Cunningham, and 
Andrew Clersane (Clernane?). Hugh Montgomery of 
Gransheogh was bound by the terms of this grant to do 
the usual suit and service to the baronial court ; to grind 
at the landlord's mill, paying the sixteenth grain as moulter 
or toll ; to pay on entering into possession a sum equal to 
two years' rent in the name of a Reliesse, together with 
fourtie shillings in the name of hericht ; and never to grant 
any portion of the lands " unto any the native or natives 
of the meere Irish." In a memorandum on the back of 
the Deed, it is provided that Hugh Montgomery shall 
attend his landlord, " newe furnished on horseback as ane 
gentleman," for all general nestings within the province 
of Ulster, during the space of fourteen days on each of 
such occasions. The attorneys who superintended this 
business for both parties were their "trusty and well- 
beloved in Christ, John Heriot and David, or either of 
them." In addition to the parties concerned, this Inden- 
ture is signed by George Montgomery, Blair, Patrick 

Montgomery, H. Montgomerie, W. Schaw, and Daniel 
Evans. The premises were assigned by Hugh Mont- 
gomery to his son, also named Hugh, in 1646. The ori- 
ginal Deed is in the possession of Hugh Montgomery, 
Esq., of Greyabbey, the seventh in descent from the 
gentleman to whom the grant was made. The editor has 
been kindly permitted to Examine the very interesting 
collection of family papers preserved at Greyabbey. 

39 Edward Johnston. Several families of this surname 
were early settled in the Ards and Castlereagh. James 
Johnston the elder and James Johnston the younger are 
mentioned in a Deposition referring to events in 1641, as 
having been engaged in a massacre of the Irish which 


6th, Next came the servants to the defunct 

Jo. Loudon, his clerk, Jo. Jerden, Matthew Haslepp, 

jo. Montgomery, of Newtown, Jo. Gillmore of the same, Jo. Millen, of Grayabby, 

Thos. Aitkin, Archibald Millen, Wm. Burgess. 

7th, In the ;th space came two trumpeters fitly equipped, sounding the death march. 

8th, Walked the horse of mourning, led by the chief groom, Jo. Kennedy, and one footman. 

9th, In the next place went the Divines, neither Doctors nor Dignitaries 

Mr. James Mirk,* Mr. Js. Blair, Portpatrick, 4 * Mr. William Forbes. 

Mr. Hugh Nevin, 41 Mr- James Montgomery, 43 

took place in the barony of Castlereagh. This Deposition 
is printed in the Notes connected with the author's Memoir 
of sir James Montgomery. See infra. A respectable 
family of the name of Johnston was settled at Kirkistown, 
in the parish of Ardkeen. Mr. Edward Johnston, of Kirk- 
istown was married to a daughter of captain James Magill, 
of Ballyvester. This Mr. Johnston's son, named Robert, 
inherited the house and lease of Ballyvester at the death 
of his grandmother, Mrs. Jane McGill, which happened 
in January, 1711-12, his sister, Mrs. Madden of Ferman- 
agh, getting the chattels and personal property. MS. 
preserved at Greyabbey. 

40 Mr. James Mirk. An inquisition taken at Downe, 
on the 8th of October, 1657, mentions Mr. James Mirke 
as ' preacher' in Killmore parish before the rebellion. 
The original report of this inquisition is in the possession 
of the Right Rev. Robert Knox, bishop of Down and 
Connor and Dromore. 

41 Mr. Hugh Nevin. Seep. 54, supra. In 1623, Thomas 
Nevin, Ninian Nevin, and Mr. Hugh Nevin, are witnesses 
to a testamentary deed. Paterson, Parishes and Families 
of Ayrshire, vol. ii., p. 253. On the 1st of December, 1634, 
Mr. Hugh Nevin was appointed, by royal presentation, to 
the vicarages of Donaghadee and Ballielty (?), with clause of 
union pro h<zc vice tanlum. Liber Hibernice, vol. ii. , part 
v., p. in. This clergyman is mentioned in Adair's Nar- 
rative, p. 96, amongst those who had been most conspicu- 
ous in their "conformity and defection," and who after- 
wards ' ' owned their sinful defection in those places where 
they had been particularly scandalous." It is remarkable 
that Adair does not name any other of the persons or 
places referred to. William Montgomery states, p. 127, 
supra, that 'few' could be found to swallow the "bitter 
pill" of the covenant in 1542. Mr. Hugh Nevin resided 
in Ballycopeland, parish of Donaghadee. His Will is 
dated at the commencement "12 Oct., 1652," and at the 
end "Second of November, in the year one thousand six 
hundred and fifty-two." In this document he mentions 
his ' ' spouse Margaret," but does not give her family name. 
He appoints his "brother (in-law), Tho. Maly, to be an 
overseer," and also nominates as overseers and assistants 
of his family, his "beloved friends and kinsmen, Sir 
Robert Adair, Mr. Hendrie Savadge, Mr. William Schaw 
of Newtowne, and Captaine William Howstowne, and 
Captaine James McGill, and I hope the right honourable 
the lord of Ardes will give his assistance. I shall like- 
wise desire my good friends, Hugh Montgomerie of 
Granguch (Gransheogh), John Montgomerie of Bellie Rollie, 
Mathew Haslett, and Robert Callewell, to be assisting to 

the above-named overseers." His Will is witnessed by John 
Montgomery and Mathew Haslett, the latter of whom 
makes his mark on the paper. He left by his wife four 
sons, Thomas, Robert, William, and Archibald ; and two 
daughters, one of whom was named Elizabeth. I. His 
son Thomas left two sons, Cowell and James. The 
former married Marjory, daughter of Anthony Lucy, and 
left two sons named Anthony and Richard, and two 
daughters, Marjory and Rebeckah. ii. Robert, second 
son of Mr. Hugh, married Jane, the eldest daughter of 
David Boyd of Glastry, by whom he left a son, the Rev. 
Thomas Nevin of Marlborough, near Downpatrick, in 
the county of Down, and one daughter named Margaret. 
The Rev. Thomas Nevin married his cousin, Margaret, 
eldest daughter of Thomas Boyd of Glastry, by whom 
he left a family of four sons and three daughters. His 
wife survived until 1767. ill. William, the third son 
of Mr. Hugh, resided at Bally-McChrews, in the parish 
of Donaghadee. He married and had issue a son and 
three daughters. His daughter Margaret was married to 
a Hugh Montgomery. His daughter Elizabeth, born in 
1670, became the first wife of Hugh White of Ballyree, 
in the parish of Bangor. IV. Archibald, fourth son of 
Mr. Hugh, does not appear to have left any family. The 
Nevins of Ballymacrews retained the family property 
until about twenty years ago, when it was sold by the last 
proprietor, Benjamin Nevin. For the foregoing details 
respecting Mr. Hugh Nevin and his descendants, the 
editor is indebted to Robert S. Nicholson, Esq. , Ballow, 
near Bangor. A MS. Rent-roll, preserved among the 
family papers at Donaghadee, records the names of 
Robert and John Nevin as occupying lands in the parish 
of Comber, about the year 1650. Three members of the 
Nevin family were successively Presbyterian ministers of 
Downpatrick. Thomas Nevin was ordained there in 
1710, and died in 1744. He was succeeded by his son, 
William Nevin, who was ordained in 1 746, and died in 
1780. A son of the latter, also named William, became 
pastor of the congregation in 1785, but resigned the 
charge in 1789. He was afterwards a distinguished phy- 
sician, and died in 1821. MS. of the late Rev. James 
Nelson, D.D., of Downpatrick. 

* Mr. Js. Blair. This clergyman was, most probably, 
minister of the church built by the first viscount at Port- 
patrick, and a member of that family of Blair by whom 
the Dunskey estate was afterwards purchased from the third 
viscount. See infra. 

Mr. James Montgomery. James Montgomery suc- 
ceeded Mr. David M c Gill in the charges of Newtown and 



loth, Then came the Gentlemen and Esquires, who were mourners, viz. 

Jo. Cunningham, of Newtown, Hugh Montgomery, of Derrybrosk, 4 * 

James Lenox, 

James Coningham, of Gortrie, 44 

Water Hows Crymble, of Donaghadee/s 

Richard Savage,*? 
William Melville,* 8 

Greyabbey, and also married Mr. M c Gill's widow. The 
author, in his subsequent account of the Ballymagown 
branch, states that Mr. James Montgomery was of a family 
sprung from the Hessilhead Montgomerys, who had settled 
in the vicinity of Munross (Montrose). This clergyman 
died in 1692, and was buried in Greyabbey church. He 
must have lived to a very advanced age, as his predecessor, 
David McGill, died in 1633. His epitaph is printed in 
Harris's State of the County of Down, p. 53. See also 
the author's Memoir of Ballymagown, infra. Another 
clergyman, named Mr. James Montgomery, was one of the 
arbitrators who made an adjudication between Robert 
Johnston of Kirkistown and Samuel Madden, of county 
Fermanagh, esqrs., respecting the property bequeathed by 
Mrs. Jean McGill of Ballynester, who died in the year 
1711-1712. See note 39, supra. 

44 Jatnes Coningham, of Gortrie. There was a Gortry 
(now Gartree) in Kilmakevett, county of Antrim, but 
the Gortrie mentioned in the text was no doubt the 
quarter of that name in the barony of Raphoe, granted 
with other lands to Cuthbert Cunningham, on the igth 
Sept., 1610. Calendar Patent Rolls, Jac. I., p. 167. 

*5 Water Hows Crymble. Waterhouse Crymble was 
probably a son of Roger Crymble, who married a daughter 
of sir Edward Waterhouse. The latter came to Carrick- 
fergus with the earl of Essex in 1573. He had written 
several letters from Chester prior to this date conveying 
intelligence to the council in Dublin respecting the move- 
ments of Sorley Boy Macdonnell, and other Scottish 
leaders. Hamilton's Cal. of Irish State Papers, vol. i., pp. 
356, 386, 387,406, 408,410, 413, 516, 523, 526. Rowland 
Savage, by grant bearing date 3rd February, 1617, demised 
to Waterhowse Crimble the messuages and park lately in 
possession of Henry Lyssy, lying in the town of Portferry, 
for the term of 31 years. Ulster Inquisitions, Down, no. 
9, Jac. I. In 1625, Waterhouse Crymble was appointed 
to the office of comptroller of the customs, great and small, 
subsidies and impositions, in the ports and towns of New- 
castle, Dondrome, Killough, Ardglasse, Kilcliffe, Strang- 
ford, Portferry, Donnoghadee, Bangor, Holliwood, and 
Loughcoyne, to hold during good behaviour. Morrin's 
Calendar, Charles I., p. 7. Crymble held this appoint- 
ment until the year 1649, when there seems to have arisen 
a feeling of dissatisfaction with the manner in which he 
had been performing his duties. Among the Family 
Papers preserved at Donaghadee is a ' Warrant' signed 
by the third viscount Montgomery, and "authorising 
Robert Campbell and others to receive the customs of 
Donnadee and Groomes Port for one moneth, from the 
6th of July, 1649." There is also the copy of "A Petition 
from Waterhouse Crymble to the Lord Viscount Mont- 
gomery, setting forth his desire to be continued in the 
office of Comptroller of the Customs in the several Ports 
of the county of Down, accordingtohislateMajestie's Letters 
Patent : And that the House built by him at Donnadee to 
be a Custom-House, may be imployed for that use 

onely, and no other, as by the same petition more at 
large may appear ;" upon which was endorsed this ensuing 
order : 

" By the Commander in Chiefe. 

" loth July, 1649. Upon consideration of this Petition, I hold it fit, 
and doe therefore soe appoint and order, that the House in the Pe- 
tition mentioned, appointed and built for a Custom-House, shall hold 
and continue for that use only, and the habitation therein, if so he 
think fit : And for the rest of the Petition which concerns the ports, 
when I am fully of his in his said imployment of 

Comptroller of the Customs, both before and since the Rebellion, I 
shall take such further course therein as shall in equity 

to his demerits. 


On the same day another Petition was exhibited by 
Waterhouse Crimble to the Lord Viscount Montgomerie, 
"shewing that not only his Majesty's customs, but also the 
established fees due to aim as Comptroller, have been taken 
up and not accounted for since the I5th of May last, by 
Serjt. -Major Finlay Ferguson," upon which was indorsed 
the following order : 

" ioth July, 1649. Serjt.-Major Ferguson is hereby required to ap- 
pear before me, on Monday next, by nyne of the clock in the morning, 
at Newtowne, and to come sufficiently prepared to exhonerate himself 
of what he is charged withal, in the within Petition. 


46 Of ' Derrybroske. See pp. 99, 100, supra. 

47 Richard Savage. In the author's Incidentall Remem- 
brances of the Savages, he states that Richard Savage, 
brother of Henry Savage of Ardkeen, married a daughter 
of Nevin of Monk- Roddin, and niece to the first viscountess 
Montgomery. There was also a Richard Savage, son of 
Robert Savage, a near family connexion of the Savages of 
Portaferry. The last-named Richard had a mortgage on 
the lands of C'arrogh, belonging to the Portaferry estate. 
His father, Robert, had also a mortgage on the lands of 
Tullycarnan, a part of the same estate. Robert died in 
1632, leaving, besides this Richard, two other sons named 
William and Rowland. At this date Richard was 21 years 
old, and was married. Ulster Inquisitions, Dawn, nos. 
9, 14, Jac. I.; 37, 48, Car. I. 

48 William Melville. Three gentlemen named Melville 
are mentioned as attending the funeral, viz. William, 
James, and Thomas, who were probably brothers, and 
the sons of sir John Melville, knight, who died in 1628. 
Robert Swoordes, alias Croly, by Indenture, dated gth 
March, 1610, granted to sir John Melville, knight, for the 
term of 21 years, and at the rent of ,28 per ann., the 
following towns and lands in the county of Down, viz., 
Tobbercorran containing 80 acres, the two Ballyrollies 
1 20 acres, Lissomayle 80 acres, Tullynamurray 60 acres, 
Corbally 60 acres, and Ballynagallbeg 60 acres. Ulster 
Inquisition, Down, no. 5, Car. I. Sir John was buried in the 
old church of Inch, near Downpatrick. Harris who mis- 
took his Christian name for James, tells us that he was 
supposed to have been descended from the celebrated 
sir James Melville, secretary to Mary queen of Scots. 
Speaking of sir John Melville's tomb, Harris thus de- 



Tho. Kenedy, of Pingwherry, 
James Edminston, 30 

scribes it, fortunately preserving the inscription: "The 
first-mentioned of these knights has here a monument of 
freestone erected to his memory, and placed in an arch on 
the north-side of the Altar, thus set out. Over a Scutcheon 
of Arms, the supporters of which are two birds (the rest 
being defaced), you have this line, viz. 
"S. ANNO 1628. D. 

"Then on the top of the Scutcheon in one quarter, 
I.M., and in the other quarter, A.R. At the foot of the 
Scutcheon on one side are these words thus placed: 



and underneath this inscription : 



Harris, County of Down, pp. 37, 38. The "two birds" 
mentioned by Harris, were the eagles, supporters in the 
Melville Arms. The motto is Denique coelum. The one 
word Gambia in the foregoing inscription decides the 
particular branch of the Melville family to which sir John 
belonged. Gambia, or Carnbee, is the name of a parish 
in Fifeshire, in connexion with which the Melvilles are 
mentioned in public documents, as lairds, from the year 
1466 until 1598 when the family property was sold by sir 
James Melville. New Statistical Account of Scotland, Fife- 
shire, p. 916. The Melvilles being kinsmen of bishop Echlin, 
were probably induced to settle in Down through his in- 
fluence and encouragement. The bishop's grandmother was 
the daughter of sir John Melville of Melville and also- of 
Raith. See Crawford's Memoirs oftheEchlins of Pittadro, 
p. 7. A clergyman of this name was settled in Down- 
patrick, and formally excommunicated Livingstone, the 
well-known presbyterian minister, after the latter had been 
deposed by bishop Leslie, in November, 1635. Reid, 
Hist. Pres. Church, vol. i., p. 178. A James Melville 
was rector of Kilmegan, at a later period, about 1690. 
MS. Status Dicecesis Dunensis. 

49 Of Pingwherry. Pingwherrie, more frequently 
written Pinquhirrie, was the name of a small estate owned 
by a family of the Kennedys, in the parish of Calmonell, 
Ayrshire. In the great family feud between the Kennedys 
of Cassilis and the Kennedys of Bargany, the laird of 
Pinquhirrie sometimes took one side and sometimes the 
other, so that it is not known to which of these families 
the Kennedys of Pinquhirrie were the more immediately 
related. Thomas Kennedy, who attended the funeral 'in 
Newtown, died in 1644, and was the last of his name who 
enjoyed the family property. See a curious notice of this 
family in the Historic of the Kenny dis, ed. by Pitcairn, pp. 
12 14; see also Paterson, Parishes and Families of Ayr- 
shire, vol. i. , p. 311. 

s James Edminston. James Edmonston came to Ire- 
land with William Edmonston, see p. 57, supra, and was 
no doubt a younger brother. James was their father's 
Christian name, but there is no evidence that the latter ever 
settled in Ulster. Besides William and James Edmond- 

Jo. Gordon, of Pingwherry, sen. 
Mr. Jo. Echlin, of Ardquin,s' 

ton already mentioned, other persons of this surname had 
settled in Ulster early in the seventeenth century. An 
Alexander Edmeston, of Ardfracken, near Carrickfergus, 
had a grant of denization on the 28th of November, 
1617. Calendar of Patent Rolls, James I., p. 339. 
A Wm. Edmonston, whose mother's name was Helen 
Cathcart, inherited, in 1600, from her, the lands of 
Ery , Carne, and Maghery, in the county of Tyrone, 
which he sold to Thomas Morris of Mountjoy. A 
Robert Edmonston bought the lands of Bovane in the 
same county in the year 1620, and afterwards sold them 
to John Coulson, gent, Henry Clarke, andWm. Plough- 
man. Inquisitions, Tyrone, nos. 5, 12, Car. II. In 1621, 
James Edmonston of Ballybantry, sir Hercules Langford, 
and Thomas Kilpatrick of Carrickfergus, were appointed 
executors to his will by William Edmonston of Redhall. 
It was found by Inquisition, held at Carrickfergus, on the 
1 7th of Aug., 1636, that Hugh Mergagh O'Neale, of 
Kilmakevett, sold to James Edmonston the towns and lands 
of Crossleggedrom containing 120 acres, Randocke 60 
acres, Largy 60 acres, and Gartry 60 acres. These lands 
were soon afterwards sold by James Edmonston of Bredi- 
land to Arthur Langford. Ulster Inquisitions, Antrim, 
nos. 3, 103, 118, Car. I. The following account of the 
family to which Hugh Mergagh O'Neale belonged is kindly 
supplied by the Rev. Dr. Reeves : 


Hugh O'Neill son of Felim Bacagh. 

Niall Oge of Killelagh, his patent 1606. 
(Calend. Pat. Rolls, Jac. I , p. 
94), ob. 1628 ; (and Erck, p. 285). 

Sir Henry O'Neill, Bart, 
born 1625. Creation, 1666. 

Hugh, joined 
with his brother in 
Pat. of 1606. He 
or his son was the 
Hugh Mergagh of 
the Inquis. temp., 
Car. I. 

Sir Neill O'Neill, Bart, 
died of his wounds 
after battle of Boyna, 
8 July, 1690. 

51 Jo. Echlin, of Ardquin. John Echlin was son of 
Robert Echlin, bishop of Down and Connor, who died in 
1635, who was son of Andrew Echlin of Pittadro, in Fife- 
shire, who was son of William, who represented the Ech- 
lin family in the year 1517. The editor of Crawford's 
Memoirs of the Echlin Family, is inclined to believe that 
the bishop left another son named Robert, who was born 
about the year 1629 from the fact that in the old church 
of Ardkeen there is a tombstone, under the reading-desk, 
bearing this inscription : Here lyes Interred the bodie of 
Robert Echline, of Castl Boye, Esqr; who died the 25 day 
of April, 1657, in the ztyh year of his age as also the Bodie 
of his daughter Marie. Crawford's Memoirs oftheEchlins 
of Pittadro, Appendix, pp. 22, 23, note b. In 1634, John 
Echlin was appointed one of the executors of Peter Hill of 
Castlereagh, who died in that year. Rory McBryan Oge 
Maginnis of Edentycollowe, alienated his large estate, with- 
out a royal license, to Richard Parsons, Edmund Stafford, 
William Usher, and John Echlin. Ulster Inquisitions, 



Mr. William Cunningham, of the Rash, sa 

Malcom Dormont, 

Thomas Nevin, of Monkroddin, 

James Melvill, Esq- 

John Crawford. 54 

Andrew Cunningham, of Drumfad, 55 

Pat. Muir, of Aughneil, 56 

Hu. Kenedy, of Drumawhay,57 

William Montgomery, of Ballyheft,* 8 

Hugh Echlin,59 

Lieut. Thomas Melvill, 

Mr. William Adair,. 60 

Jo. Gordon, of Aghlain, jun. 61 

William Burley, Gent. 6 ' 

Down, nos. 53 and 60, Car. I. Speaking of the family 
residence of the Echlins at Ardquin, Harris says, p. 47 : 
"This seat is a bishop's lease, which has continued in 
the family of the Echlins for several generations, even be- 
fore the rebellion of 1641 ; and the house stands northward 
of a mountain which is reckoned the highest land in the 
Ardes. Ardquin, the name of the place is a corrupted 
word fromArd- Cuan, signifying the heighth over the Lough 
of Strangford, formerly called Lough-Cuan; and the situa- 
tion of the place corresponds herewith." In Mr. J. W. 
Hanna's account of the parish of Inch, there is the following 
reference to this John Echlin: "Previous to 1630, we 
find Finnebrogue the property of John Echlin, esq., of 
Ardquin (eldest son of bishop Robert Echlin, and brother 
of Mrs. Henry Maxwell), who probably acquired it from 
Macartan. In October, 1633, Mr. Echlin, in consideration 
of the loan of^i,ooo (for four years) obtained a lease for 
6 1 years, from lord Cromwell (Thomas), then viscount Le- 
cale, of the adjoining lands of Inch (part of which project- 
ing into the Quoile river is still called Echlin's point), 
Ballyrennan, Dunanelly, and Magheracranmony, and also 
of the Ferry and Ferryboat of Portillagh, with liberty of 
fishing in Loughcoan (now the marshes), at the annual rent 
of^iio; with a proviso that if said sum and interest were 
not paid within said term of four years, then Mr. Echlin 
was to hold the lands for 1000 years, from the expiration 
of the said term of 61 years, at a certain rent. Mr. Ech- 
lin afterwards assigned his interest in the entire lands to 
his brother-in-law, Mr. Maxwell." Doivnpatrick Recorder. 
& Mr. Wm. Cunningham, of the Rash. The Rash, or 
Rush, may have been the present Ballyrush, a townland 
in the parish of Comber; but more probably this Mr. 
Cunningham resided at the Rash, a well-known locality 
in the neighbourhood of Omagh, county Tyrone. On 
the 23rd of April, 1638, sir William Stewart purchased 
lands near Omagh, afterwards known as the Rash estate, 
from George Arundel. See Lodge's Irish Peerage, edited 
by Archdall, vol. vi., p. 246, note. The name is now 
only applied to a wood in the district. 

53 Thomas Nevin, of Monkroddin, jun. Thomas Nevin 
was elder brother of Hugh, mentioned in note 41, supra. 

54 John Crawford. Probably ancestor of the Crawfords- 
burn family. The name of Andreiv Crawford appears on 
no. 8 of the Clandeboye Maps, which contains part of the 
lands constituting the manor of Bangor. These maps 
were constructed in 1625 and 1626, so that, probably, the 
Crawfords came among the first Scottish settlers, about 
the year 1606. They are believed to belong to the 
Kilbirnie branch of the Crawford family. The estate 
known for three hundred years as Crawfordsburn, near 
Greenock, was formerly reckoned as part of the barony 
of Kilbirnie, in Ayrshire. The mansion-house belonging 
to the Scottish Crawfordsburn is still in good preservation. 

It was built early hi the sixteenth century, and is now 
regarded as a very interesting specimen of the old baronial 
residence. The armorial bearings of the family are carved 
in stone, over the entrance to the court-yard, and are as 
follow : Gules, a fesse, ermine, between a crescent in 
chief and two swords salterwise, hilted and pomelled ; or, 
in base. For a crest, a sword with a balance, and the 
motto, Quod tibi hoc alteri. The trees in the park are 
described as " fine old sylvan giants, which would have 
delighted the soul of an Evelyn or a Gilpin. " Mac Donald, 
Days at the Coast, pp. 87, 88. William Crawford of 
Cunningburne, and John Crawford of Ballyaquart, had 
grants of denization, 2oth May, 1617. Calendar Patent 
Rolls, James I., p. 326. 

55 Of Drumfad. The name of a townland in the parish 
of Donaghadee. David Cunningham of Drumfad, had a 
grant of denization on the aoth May, 1617. Calendar of 
Patent Rolls, James I. , p. 326. 

56 Of Aughneil. Quintene Moore of Aughneill, and 
and John Moore of Donaghadee, had grants of denization, 
on the 2oth May, 1617. Calendar Patent Rolls, James I., 
P. 326. 

57 Of ' Drumawhay. The name of a townland in the 
parish of Newtownards. 

58 Of Ballyheft. The name of a townland in the parish 
of Newtownards. 

59 Hugh Echlin. The editor of the Echlin Memoirs is 
inclined to think that Hugh Echlin was a younger son of 
bishop Echlin, and that he was the gentleman of this name 
whose murder at Armagh, in 1641, is mentioned in Dr. 
Robert Maxwell's deposition. The following is the passage 
referring to this massacre: "The like they did at 
Armagh, when they murdered Hugh Echlin, esqr. ; they 
hanged and murdered all his Irish servants which had 
any way proved faithful or useful to him during this 
rebellion." Temple's Irish Rebellion, p. 119. 

60 Mr. William Adair. Probably the minister of Ayr, 
who was brother of sir Robert Adair. Sir Robert's son, 
William, would have been too young to attend the funeral 
in 1636. 

61 Jo. Gordon of Aghlain. There was an Aughlane in 
the county Fermanagh. Calendar Patent Rolls, James I., 
p. 306; and znAuchlean in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, 
which is probably the place here referred to. Several 
families of this surname resided within the Stewartry, 
during the I7th centuiy. See Minutes of War Committee 
of Kirkcudbright, pp. 118, 200. 

62 William Burley, Gent. This gentleman was after- 
wards a captain in sir John Clotworthy's regiment of 
horse, and was wounded whilst defending Lisburn against 
sir Phelim O'Neill, in 1641. In the preceding year he 
had been high-sheriff for the county of Down, Michael 
Garvey being sub-sheriff. 


Thomas Boyd, of Whitehouse, 63 
Hugh Hamill, of Roughwood, 64 
Henry Savage, of Arkeen, Esq. 63 
Thomas Nevin, of do., sen.** 
William Montgomery, of Briggend, 67 
Mr. Marcus Trevor, 68 

Mr. William Stewart,* 9 

Robert Adair, of Ballymenagh, 

Arch. Edminston, of Duntreth, Esq. 

Mr. John Trevor/ 

Alex. Lecky, of Lecky, 71 

Hugh Kenedy, of Girvan Mains. 7 ' 

6 3 Of Whitehouse. A Thomas Boyd was member of 
Parliament for Bangor, in 1663, and was expelled from 
the house for complicity in Blood's plot. He was originally 
a northern man, although afterwards described as a Dub- 
lin merchant. The remains of the "Old Whitehouse" 
still exist in the locality now known as Macedon Point, on 
the Antrim side of Belfast Lough. The troops brought 
by William III. to Ireland, in 1689, disembarked at the 
Whitehouse, and were there joined by the king, who had 
come on shore at Carrickfergus. He rested here for a 
time, probably in the house that had been occupied by 
Thomas Boyd, and was here joined by duke Schomberg, 
the prince of Wirtemberg, major-general Kirk, and other 
officers. Ulster Journal of Archeology, vol. i., p. 131. 

64 Of Roughwood. The lands of Roughwood consisted 
of 160 acres in the parish of Beith, and 85 acres in the ad- 
joining parish of Dairy, Ayrshire. The estate was so 
called because its soil formerly consisted, for the most part, 
of clayey and mossy grounds. The Hamills were a very 
olfl. family, Robert Hamill of Roughwood having ob- 
tained a grant of Braidstane from John de Lyddale, prior 
to its possession by the Montgomerys. The Hamills con- 
tinued to hold Roughwood until the year 1713, when the 
estate was sold to Robert Shedden. It is now occupied 
by a family named Patrick. Paterson, Parishes and 
Families of Ayrshire, vol. i., pp. 274, 279. Two brothers 
named Hamill came from Beith with the first viscount, and 
obtained lands from him in the Ards. Ballyatwood 
House was built by one of the Hamills. In the year 1672, 
the first earl of Mount-Alexander ' ' demised, sett, and to 
farme lett," to Hugh Hamill of Ballyatwood, "all that 
parte of the towne and lands of Blackabby which was 
formerly held and possessed by major William Buchanan, 
and now in the tenure and possession of William Pettcon 
and James M'Kee," for the full term of thirty and one 
years, at the yearly rent 8 IDS, the first payment to 
commence on the 1st day of May following the date of the 
Indenture. MS. Indenture preserved at Donaghadee. 

6 5 Henry Savage of Arkeen. See p. 131, supra. 

66 Thomas Nevin of do., sen. Henry Savage of Ard- 
keen had married, as his second wife, Elizabeth Nevin, 
eldest daughter of the laird of Monkroddin; and perhaps 
this Thomas Nevin was her father. This marriage is 
mentioned in the author's subsequent account of the two 
leading families of Savage. 

*7 Of Briggend. Bridgend is the name of a small estate 
in the parish of Maybole, situated en the banks of the river 
Doon, nearly opposite Kirk-Alloway. In former times 
this residence was known as Nether Auchindraine. 
William Abercrummie, episcopal minister at Minnibole 
(Maybole), who wrote an account of Carrick about the 
year 1690, describes Bridgend as a "pretty dwelling, 
surrounded with gardens, orchards, and parks." The 
residence is now known by the attractive name of Doon- 
side, but the house and grounds have been permitted 

to fall into comparative decay. Paterson, Parishes and 
Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii. , p. 367. William Montgomery 
of Bridgend, who attended the funeral of the first viscount, 
was of the Lainshaw or Langshaw branch, his ancestors, 
for several generations, holding a highly respectable rank hi 
Doonside. His grandson, also named William, sold the pro- 
perty of Bridgend in 1 70 1 , and emigrated to America, settling 
in Monmouth county, East Jersey. From him and his ex- 
cellent Quaker wife, Isabella Burnett, has sprung a numer- 
ous progeny on the other side of the Atlantic, many of 
whom have attained to a high social position. The 
Genealogical History of the Family, by Thomas Har- 
rison Montgomery, published at Philadelphia in 1863, 
contains an interesting and faithful account of the 
several families of this surname in the United States. 

68 Marcus Trevor Marcus Trevor was a son of sir 
Edward. He was soon afterwards knighted, and, in 1662, 
was created first viscount Dungannon. His sister, Mag- 
dalen, was married to sir Hans Hamilton of Monella and 
Hamilton's Bawn. Lodge, Peerage of Ireland, edited by 
Archdall, vol., i., p. 270. 

69 Mr. William Stewart. This was a son of sir William 
Stewart of Newtownstewart ; he died young, and unmar- 
ried. Lodge, Peerage of Ireland, edited by Archdall, 
vol. vi., p. 274. 

70 Mr. John Trevor. John Trevor and Arthur Trevor 
are spoken of in an Inquisition, (Down, no. 84, Car. I. ), 
as sons of sir Edward Trevor and Anne his wife. About 
the year 1633, John Trevor purchased the lands of Ballyn- 
leantagh and Cargagh-igry, county of Down, containing 
240 acres, from Ever Magenuse of Ballychryne, and his 
son Rory. Ulster Inquisitions, Down, no. 58, Car. I. 

71 Lecky of Lecky. Lecky of that Ilk, in Stirlingshire, 
appears to have settled at Castle-Lecky, in the county of 
Londonderry, early in the seventeenth century. In 1639, 
he refused to take the Black Oath, and was compelled to 
return, for a time to Scotland. Adair, Trtie Narrative, 
pp. 61, 62, gives a graphic account of Lecky's escape from 
pursuivants at Newtownstewart. 

T* Of Girvinmains. The Kennedys of Girvinmains 
were nearly allied by blood to the Kennedys, earls of 
Cassilis. They, and the numerous families of this sur- 
name in Carrick, were of Irish descent. William Aber- 
crummie, already quoted, when describing the people of 
this district, has the following observations: "The in- 
habitants are of ane Irish originall, as appears both by 
their names, being generally all Macks I mean the vulgar, 
and all their habitations of Irish designation; their hills 
are knocks, their casties ardes. But although the great 
and almost only name among them be the Kennedies, yet 
there be beside them the Boyds, Cathcarts, Fergussons, and 
Moores, that have been old possessors. But the later names 
that enjoysome of the ancient honourable seats of the Ken- 
nedies are /&7/<?Jthatpossess Bargany, Whitewordsft&A. 
possess Blairquhan t and Crawfuirds that have Ardmillan, 


nth, In this space went together the late Lord's Phisitians, viz., Hugh M'Mullin," practi- 
tioner, and Patrick Maxwell,?* Dr. in physic, and next after them came 

1 2th, Alexander Colvill, Dr. in Divinity, 75 Robert Barclay, Dean of Clogher.? 6 
1 3th, Then there walked Knights and Noblemen's sons, mourners, viz. 

Sir Jas- Conningham, Kt. 77 

Yet the Kennedies continue still to be the most numerous 
and the most powerful Clan. Besides the Earl of Cassilis, 
their chiefe, there be Sir Gilbert Kennedy of Girvanmains, 
Sir Archibald Kennedy of Colarne (Colzean), Sir Thomas 
Kennedy of Kirkhill, Kennedy of Beltersan, Kennedy of 
Kilherqiu (Kilchendie), Kennedy oiKirkmkhael, Kennedy 
of Knockdone, Kennedy of Glenour, Kennedy of Bennan, 
Kennedy of Carlock, and Kennedy of Drummellan. But 
this name is under great decay, in comparison of what it 
was ane age ago; at which tyme they flourished so in power 
and number, as to give occasion to this rhyme: 

"Twixt Wigtoune and the towne of Aire, 
And laigh doun by the craves of Cree, 
You shall not get a lodging there 
Except ye court a Kennedy." 

History of the Kennedyis, edited by Pitcairn, p. 166. 

" Hugh M'Mullin. McMullan, or McMullin, was a 
surname very prevalent in Kirkcudbrightshire, and pro- 
bably this medical practitioner was a native of that district. 
Alex. Mullan, of Greyabbey parish, was an officer under 
the command of the third viscount during the troubles after 
1641. A distinguished physician named Allen Mullen, a 
native of the north of Ireland is known as the author of 
the following publications, viz : A n A natomical Account of 
the Elephant accidentally burned to death in Dublin in June, 
1 68 1 ; Anatomical Observations on the Eyes of Animals ; 
1682; Five Essays printed in the Philosophical Transactions 
of the Royal Society. The first named work was dedicated 
to sir William Petty, and the second to the Hon. Robert 
Boyle. Taylor's History of the University of Dublin, p. 374. 

"" Patrick Maxwell. This Dr. Maxwell attended 
bishop Echlin during his last illness, and, according to 
Adair's True Narrative, p. 39, reported an exclamation of 
that prelate, which appears to have been accepted by 
Presbyterians as a mysteriously extorted testimony to the 
superior innocence and truth of their own cause, when 
contrasted with that of the bishops. During one of Dr. 
Maxwell's visits to the death-bed of bishop Echlin, he 
asked his patient to say of what he particularly complained, 
to which the latter replied "its my conscience, man!" 
The doctor immediately exclaimed "I have no cure for 
that!" Maxwell afterwards reported this circumstance at 
Newtown House, and the first viscount, then an old man, 
recommended the doctor not to repeat it in other quarters ; 
whereupon, his daughter-in-law, Jean Alexander, who was a 
zealous presbyterian, cried out ' ' No man shall get that re- 
port suppressed, for I shall bear witness of it to the glory of 
God, who hath smitten that man (Echlin) for suppressing 
Christ's witnesses." These 'witnesses' were the presby- 
terian ministers, Dunbar, Welsh, Blair, and Livingstone, 
whom the bishop had recently deposed. Dr. Max- 
well, mentioned in the text, afterwards became physician 
to Charles I. 

75 Alexander Colvill, D.D. This clergyman was of the 
Colvilles of Ochiltree, and, therefore, a family connexion 

of bishop Echlin, whose mother was Grissel Colville, 
daughter of Robert Colville of Clish, in the county of Kin- 
ross, ancestor of the Colvilles of Ochiltree. Douglass's 
Peerage of Scotland. It is probable that Dr. Colville was 
induced originally to come to Ulster by his kinsman, bishop 
Echlin. He was ordained deacon, Jan. 8, 1622, and priest, 
Aug. 5, 1622. Onthe i8th of August, 1622, being then chap- 
lain to the chancellor, he was presented to the precentorship 
of St. Saviour's, Connor, with a clause uniting the same 
pro hoc vice tantttm to the vicarage of Coule (Carnmoney), 
of which he was at that date in possession. On the 1 3th 
of December, 1634, he was presented to the rectory of 
Rathcavan and Skerry in the same diocese, with a clause 
of union, pro hoc vice tantum. Liber Hibernia, vol. ii., 
part v. , pp. 107, in. See Cotton's Fasti Eccl. Hibernica, ' 
vol. iii., p. 262, 271. 

7 6 Dean of Clogher. Seep. 131, supra. 

n Sir Jas. Conningham, Kt. James L, in July, 
1610, granted to this sir James Cunningham's father the 
lands known as the "small proportion of Moiagh 
alias Ballyaghan, situated in the precinct of Port- 
lagh, barony of Raphoe, and county of Donegal, and 
containing the quarters called Moiagh, Dryan, Maghery- 
begg, Magherymore, Tryan-Carrickmore, Eredy, and 
Grackhy, with their appurtenances, amountingto icoo acres. 
On the 1st of May, 1613, James Cunningham let these 
lands to the following settlers, viz., the quarter of 
Moiagh to Alex. Dunne, John Dunne, Donnell M'Kym, 
Job. Dunne, jun., John Younge, William Hendry, Alex. 
Grynney, and Will. Stewart; the quarter of Grackhy 
to Wm. Valentyne, Hugh Moore, Will. Moore, and 
David Kennydy ; the quarter of Magherymore to 
John Watson, Robert Paterson, Will. Ekyn, George 
Blacke, Andrew Smythe, James Gilmore, Will. Gaate, 
George .Peere, John M'Kym, Andrew Brown, Will. 
Sutherland, Will. Rankin, and John Smythe ; the quarter 
of MagJierybegg to John Purveyance, John Harper, Hugh 
Lokard, Thomas Scott, and John Brown ; the quarter of 
Dryan to John Roger, Will. Teyse, and Donnell M 'Eredy; 
the quarter of Tryan- Carrickmore to David Kennedy and 
Will. Valentyne ; the quarter of Eredy to Will. Arnettj 
Andrew Arnett, John Alexander, John Hutchine, Peter 
Stevenson, John Hamylton, Edward Holmes, and George 
Leich. On the lands of Moiagh, at Ballyaghan, the land- 
lord built a house 52 feet in length, 20 feet broad, and 22 
feet in height, in a court or bawn, enclosed by a wall 228 
feet in circumference, and 14 high. Ulster Inquisitions, 
Donegall, no. 7, Car. I. In the year 1629, sir James Cun- 
ningham, son of the above, obtained a grant from the 
crown of the lands already named, with a fishery in the 
waters of Lough Swilly. The premises were erected into 
a manor called Fort-Cunningham, with power to create 
tenures, hold 400 acres demesne, courts leet and baron, a 
market and two fairs. Morrin's Calendar, Charles /., p. 



Sir William Semple, Kt,the Lord Sample's son,* 8 Sir Wm. Murray, 81 Kt. and Bart. 

Mr. Charles Alexander," Mr. John Alexander, 82 

Sir James Erskin, 80 Kt. and Privy Counsellor, Sir Ed. Trevor, 83 Kt. and Privy Counsellor. 

1 4th, Went Mr. Robert Montgomery, 8 * Clerk, the Curate in Newtown, alone. 

1 5th, Dr. Henry Leslie, 85 Lord Bishop of Down and Connor, who preached the funeral sermon. 

1 6th, Then followed the great banner, advanced by William Montgomery, of Ballyskeogh. 86 

7 8 Lord Semptis Son. Seep. 133, supra. 

79 Charles Alexander. See p. 133, supra, 

80 Sir James Erskin. This sir James Erskin was ne- 
phew of the first countess of Stirling, and cousin of the 
second viscount Montgomery's lady, being a son of Alex- 
ander Erskin, second son of John, earl of Mar. Sir James 
held some appointment in the royal household at the time 
that sir William Alexander, first earl of Stirling, was in 
high favour with James I. Erskin's fortunes becoming 
desperate, he, as many others in similar circumstances, ob- 
tained lands in Ulster, about the year 1630. The editor 
of bishop Spottiswoode'sZz/, states that sir James Erskine's 
wife was Mary, daughter and co-heir of Adam Erskine of 
Cambuskenneth. By this lady he had four sons. " The 
two eldest, Henry and John, died without issue; the third, 
Archibald, married first Beatrix Spottiswoode, daughter of 
the bishop ; and, secondly, Lettice, daughter of Sir Paul 
Gore, bart. Sir James died on the 5th, and was buried in 
St. Michan's, Dublin, on the 8th of March, 1636. Archi- 
bald had one son, Thomas, who died without issue, under 
the age of eighteen, and two daughters, viz., Mary, wife 
of Wm. Richardson, esquire; and Anne, wife of John 
Moutray, or Moutrey, gent. On the death of Archibald, 
in 1645, his younger brother, colonel James Erskine became 
guardian of the infant children. Whether these children 
were by the first or second marriage is uncertain." It is 
probable they were by the second marriage. The Richard- 
sons now hold the Augher estate, and the Montr ays enjoy 
that known as Favour Royal, consisting of the lands of 
Portclare, Ballykiggir, and Ballmackell. The Moutrays 
are patrons of Errigal-keerogue parish, in county Tyrone. 
See mention of it in Stewartson's Parochial Survey. The 
Spottiswoode Miscellany, vol. i., p. 104, note. 

81 Sir Wm. Murray. Seep. 132, supra. 

82 Mr. John Alexander. See p. 132, supra. 

8 3 Sir Ed. Trevor. See p. 132, supra. 

84 Mr. Robert Montgomery. This "clergyman was pro- 
bably a member of the Hessilheid branch, but to what 
particular family he belonged we have not been able to 
ascertain. " R. Montgomerie, minister of Newtowne," 
is a witness to the indenture, in which the first viscount 
pledges himself and heirs to acknowledge the feudal 
superiority of the house of Eglinton. See p. 112, supra. 

5 Dr. Henry Leslie. Henry Leslie was born about the 
year 1580, and came to Ulster in 1614. The writer of 
bishop Spottiswoode's Life, who spells his name Harrye 
Laslyie, states that he commenced his career as a curate 
in Tredagh (Drogheda), and that he was very anxious, 
even then, to have Spottiswoode deposed and himself 
made bishop of Clogher in his stead. For a curious, but 
not complimentary, notice of Leslie, see the Spottiswoode 
Miscellany, vol. i., pp. 116, 148, 150. Although his de- 
signs on the bishoprick of Clogher failed, his promotion 
to other good livings was not long delayed. In 1620, he 

was presented by the crown to the prebend of Connor, 
with appurtenances to the cathedral church of St. Saviour's, 
at that place. In 1622 he became rector of Muckamore. 
He was soon afterwards appointed dean of Dromore and 
vicar of Bailee. In 1627, he became dean of Down ; and, 
in 1632, treasurer of St. Patrick's, Dublin. See Cotton's 
Fasti, vol. iii., p. 206; and vol. v., p. 235. In 1635, on 
the death of bishop Echlin, Leslie was advanced to the sees 
of Down and Connor. During his progress he was twice 
engaged in litigous proceedings on behalf of the church, 
being successful in one case, but foiled in another, al- 
though backed up by the powerful assistance of Strafford. 
Morrin's Calendar, reign of Charles 1., pp. 217, 328, 
610; see also Hanna's Account of the Parishes of Tyrella,- 
Ballykinlar, and Bright, published in the Downpatrick Re- 
corder. On the outbreak of the Rebellion of 1641, bishop 
Leslie was among the first to leave his diocese. Colonel 
Matthews, who commanded a small company at Dromore, 
besought him to remain as an encouragement to the in- 
habitants, with whose assistance that officer intended to 
take up a position which, he hoped, would arrest the ad- 
vancement of the insurgents in their progress farther north. 
But his efforts to inspire courage appear to have been made 
in vain, for, when Matthews, who ventured out a little way 
from Dromore to reconnoitre, came back again, he found 
the town " in a manner deserted by the bishop, and all 
the substantial inhabitants (except one Boyd, a merchant) 
having taken the opportunity of his absence to march off 
with bag and baggage, and the poorest sort ready to 
follow the example ; nor could he prevail with these 
people to stay without Boyd, whom he was forced to put 
into prison, when he could not persuade him by fair means 
to stay." Carte, Life of Ormond, vol. i., p. 1 86. On 
Leslie's return, at the Restoration, in 1660, he was promoted 
by Charles II. to the richer and less troublesome diocese 
of Meath. He died in 1661, and was interred in Christ's 
Church, Dublin. Thiprelate is generally acknowledged 
to have borne a very high character for piety and learn- 
ing. For notices of bishop Leslie's publications, see 
Ware's Work?,, edited by Harris, vol. ii., p. 342; also 
Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church, vol. i., pp. 
1 80, 230. 

86 Of Ballyskeogh. Paterson states that William Mont- 
gomery of Balliskeoch, in Scotland, was third son of 
William Montgomery of Bridgend, and that he ac- 
companied his father to the funeral of the first viscount 
in 1 636. This William Montgomery, who had the honour 
of carrying "the great banner," married Barbara, daughter 
of John Montgomerie of Cockelbie, and died without 
issue. There is a townland named Ballyskcagh, in the 
parish of Newtownards, but the place mentioned by the 
author in the text was most probably the Scottish Bellis- 
keoch.$>zz Paterson's Parishes and Families of Ayrshire^ 
vol. ii., p, 368. 


1 7th, Neile Montgomery, of Langshaw, 8 7 Esq., bore the cushion with a Viscount's coronet on 
it, and a circolet about it. 

1 8th, Athlone 88 Pursuviant at Arms, appeared marching by himself, and presenting to view the 
spurs, gauntlet, helm, and crest. 

1 9th, Then the defunct's Gentleman Usher, named Jo. Hamil, 8 ? walked bare-heatled next be- 
fore the King at Arms. 

2oth, Ulster King? at Arms carried the sword, target or shield armorial. 

2ist, Then was drawn (by six led horses, cloathed in black) the hearse, environed with a circolet 
mounted on the carriage of a coach, supported with posts or pillars, under which was laid the coffin, 
inclosing the remains of that late worthy Viscount, covered with a velvet pall, and on it pinned 
taffeta escutchions of his Lordship's own, and his matches coat's armorial, and elegys of the best 
sort also affixed thereto. The hearse on each side being accompanied by six men, with single ban- 
ner rolls without; and even in rank with them went six footmen belonging to his late Lordship and 
his three sons, each having a black battoun in his right hand. 

22d, Next immediately after the hearse followed now the Right Hon. Hugh, 2d Lord Viscount 
Montgomery, of the great Ardes, the chiefest mourner; after him, walked Sir Jas. Montgomery, 
George Montgomery and Pat. Savage aforesaid, as next chiefest mourners (I dare say it), both in 
hearts and habits." 1 

23d, Then walked the Viscount Claneboy? 2 and the Earl of Eglinton together; the Lord Alex, 
ander and the Lord Montgomery93 together; John M'Dowal94 of Garthland,and the Baron of Howth's 
son;9 5 St. Lawrence, Esq., and Sir William Stewart, Knight, Bart., and Privy Counsellor, in one, 
yank. All these, as chief mourners, who were attended by some of their own servants, appointed 
to wait on them and be near their persons; six men, also covered with long black cloaks, marching 
by two and two, in the servants' rear, a great mixed multitude following and going about the herse 
at decent distance; only all the women in black, and those who had taffeta scarfs and hoods of that 
colour, went next the six men in cloaks. The great bell then in the west end of the Church tolling 
all the while that the procession was coming from the tent. 

24th, And now all being orderly entered and seated, and the coffin placed before the pulpit 

8 ? Of ' Langshaw. See p. 133, supra. 93 Lord Alexander and the Lord Montgomery, These 
83 Athlone. Albone Leveret was Athlone Pursuivant. were the eldest sons of the earls of Eglinton and Stirling. 
See p. 130, supra. In 1608, he and his father were ap- 94 John M l Dowall. This gentleman was either father- 
pointed "Pursuivants of Ireland by the name of Athlone, in-law or brother-in-law of George Montgomery, third son 
and the style, title, liberty, pre-eminence, and perquisites of the deceased. See p. 94, supra. By the Inquisition of 
to such office of old accustomed; to hold, to them and the 1623, it appears that Balleloghan, Ballestoker, and Balle 
survivor of them, during good behavour; with the fee or M c Claffe, were then in the possession of sir Jo. M'Dowell, 
annuity of ;io English." Erck's Repertory of Patent by an estate from the lord viscount of Ardes, but what the 
Rolls, James I., p. 489. estate was (by what tenure he held these lands) the jurors 
*9 Jo. Hamill. From Roughwood in Beith, and pro- did not know. The first viscount, when making his will, 
bably son of Hugh Hamill mentioned at p. 139, supra. enumerates the moneys owing to him, and in this enumera- 
9 Ulster King. Thos. Preston, esq. See p. 130, supra. tion the following sum is specified : " Item, there is due 
s 1 Hearts and Habits. These chief mourners were the unto me by sir John M'Dowell the sum of 5000 merks 
three sons and son-in-law of the deceased. Scottish, being ^277 sterling or thereabouts." 

v Viscount CAzwtffoy See p. 133, supra. Although he & Baron of Howies Son. This was William St. Law- 
attended this funeral, there was no cordiality as yet be- rence, only son of Nicholas, twenty-third lord Howth, and 
tween him and the family of the deceased. The litiga- Jane, daughter of Dr. George Montgomery, bishop of 
tion went on between them until the year 1641. Meath. 


and the service ended, the Lord Bishop preached a learned, pious and elegant sermon (which I have 
seen in print long ago, from whence I might have borrowed some memories if I had it now). This 
done, and the corpse moved to the upper end of the chancel, was (after the office for the dead per- 
formed) there inhumed. The Church pulpit and chancel being circoled with black baze, and stuck 
with scutchions and pencils? 6 of the defunct and his matches,97 at due distances; the whole edifice 
thoroughly illuminated by wax candles and torches. The full obsequys were thus ended. 9 8 

Divers elegant elegys and epitaphs were made by Newtown school (as was their grateful duty) 
and others on his Lordship's death, as encomiums of his life (whose love to the learned was eminent), 
but these being too long and bulky to have room here, I will only in a few lines write my remarks 
on worldly grandeur and prophesy as a poet of the defunct. Take them; thus they are: 

As shaddows of dark clouds doe fleet away 
On sudden sunshines of an April day, 
So all the glorys of our Birth, Acts, State, 
Swiftly (like powder fir'd) evaporate. 
Not th' less his Justice, Piety and Name, 
Shall be preserved (in memory) by Fame : 
For written Monuments more lasting are 
Than those of Stone, or Metall, rear'd by farr. 
And Sun, Moon, Starrs (tho each a centinell) 
Doe by their beams, dangers and safetys tell : 
Yet virtue (to give life) wants parallel. 

In confirmation hereof vivit post funera virtus, says Ovid, 

And only the actions of the just, 
Smell sweet and blossom in the dust. 

This funerall was extraordinary great, and costly; all the noblemen and noblemen's sons, and 
the gentry which came from Scotland, and the knights, gentry, and heralds, with their retinue, and 

& Scutchions and pencils. Scutchion or escutcheon, supported by two savages, wreathed about the middle; and, 

from the Norman French ecusson, Latin scutum, is a family for a crest, a demi-savage; with the motto / mean "well. 

shield on which armorial ensigns are exhibited. The word According to the same authority, the Armorial bearing of 

in early times was generally spelled escocheon, as in the Maxwell is, Argent; on a saltyre, sable ; an annulet, 

following illustration from Wharton's History of English or; stoned, Azure; supported by two monkeys; and for a 

Poetry, vol. iii., p. 9: "The addition of the escocheon of crest, a stag's head; with the motto I am ready. History 

Edward the Confessor to his own, although made by the of the Shire of Renfrew, pp. 35, 126. When a widower died, 

family of Norfolk for many years, and justified by the as in the case of the first viscount, his arms were impaled 

authority of the Heralds, was a sufficient foundation for with those of his deceased wife or wives, having a helmet, 

an impeachment of high treason. " Latham's Edition of mantling, and crest, all the ground outside the escutcheon 

Johnston's Dictionary. Pencils, correctly Pencels, were or shield being black. 

little flags or streamers from the tops of lances, bearing & Were thus ended. There is an account of this funeral 

armorial designs. The word is from the old French procession in Ulster's office, drawn up, no doubt, under 

Pennoncel; hence also the diminutive Pennon. "And the the immediate superintendence of the then Ulster King at 

chariot was garnished with banners and pencelles of tharms Arms, Thomas Preston. For a copy of this account the 

of his dominions, titles and genealogies." See Richard- late sir William Betham charged the sum of ^i us. 6d., 

son's New English Dictionary. which may be considered very moderate for a herald. This 

97 Matches. -In other words, the armorial quarterings of is mentioned in a letter from J. T. Banks (author of the Me- 

the Shaws and Maxwells, the families to which his two moir of^Sir William Alexander, printed in Appendix G) to 

ladies had belonged. According to Crawford, the Ar- the late William Montgomery, esq., ofGreyabbey. The 

raorial bearing of Shaw is Azure, three covered cups, or; letter was written on the I5th March, 1829. 



the rest which came from Farmanagh, Tirowen, Donnegall, Armagh, and Antrim (which was no 
smal number) with the attendants of all these mourners, and their horses, besides the phisitians, 
divines, and bishop; and their servants, etc., were all entertained to the full, in meat, drink, lodging 
and other accommodations. The better sort of them in the Viscount's house, and the residue in the 
town, where wine (because there was no excise or new impost) was plenty at his Lordship's expense; 
the atcheivments (alone) costing above 6$/.w at the lowest rate that they could be bought by Sir 
James Montgomery, who was one of the executors to the late Lord his father's last will and testa- 

His late Lordship was generally well reported of, and even by those with whom he contended 
at law to gain possession of his own right, and they could not do otherwise (except clandestinely) 
because his Lordship took all the civil and fair wayes imaginable to obtain his lawful purposes. 
And he was universally revered, loved and obeyed by the Irish, and much esteemed of by Con 
O'Neil and his followers, but especially of his tenents of that nation, who loudly lamented for their 
loss of him, now he was dead : because he had been in general carefull to protect them all (within 
his reach) from injurys, and familiarly conversing with them his own tenents, when he used his sum- 
mer recreations of hunting and fishing in his woodlands, rivers and loughs, by which means his 
British planters seldom lost any goods (by stealth or robbery) that were not retrieved. 

99 Costing above 657. Achievement, often written 
Hatchment, was the coat of arms fully emblazoned on an 
escutcheon, which was exhibited on the hearse at funerals, 
and sometimes hung up in churches. The following 
passages contain illustrations of this term : 

" There was hung o'er the common gate an achievement, com- 
monly called a Hatchment" Wood's Athena Oxonienses, voL ii., 
p. 149. 

" His means of death, his obscure funeral, 
No trophy, sword, nor hatchment o'er his bones, 
No noble rites, no formal ostentation, 
Cry to be heard." Shakespeare's Hamlet, iv., 5. 
" I would have Master Pyed Mantel, her grace's herald, to pluck 
down his hatchments, reverse his Coat-Armour, and nullify him for 
no gentleman." Ben Jonson's Staple of News. 

" Receive these pledges, 

These hatchments of our grief, and grace as so much 
To place 'em on his hearse." Beaumont and Fletcher's Bonudca. 

See Richardson's Dictionary of the English Language. 
It was the duty of the Heralds in attendance at a funeral 
to record a genealogical account of the family of the 
deceased. These records were deposited in the Heralds' 
colleges, and are important as containing evidence of de- 
scent hi every case. Most of them are richly emblazoned, 
and engrossed on vellum, being technically known 
as funeral certificates. Soon after the close of the 
seventeenth century, Heralds ceased to attend the 
funerals of the nobility, and are now only summoned 
to superintend personally the funerals of the Royal Family. 
The following is the first viscount's funeral certificate, for 
a copy of which the editor is indebted to the kindness of 
Wm. Pinkerton, eaq. , F. S. A. , Hounslow, London : 

"The Right Honble. Sir Hugh Mountgomery, Knight, Visct. Mont- 
gomery of the Ardes, son and heir of Adam Mountgomery, Esq., and 
Margaret, daughter of Hugh Mountgomery, of Hazlehead, in the 
Kingdom of Scotland, Esq., his wife, which Adam was eldest son of 
John Mountgomery, Esq. and Elisabeth, his wife, daughter of Jervice 
Colchoune of Lusse, Esq., in the County of Kerry, eldest son of 

Robert Mountgomery and dame Margaret, his wife, and daughter of 
Sir Adam Mure of Caldwell, Knight, and widow of Sir Adam Cun- 
ningham, Alexander Lord Mouutgomery of Scotland, and second 
brother to Hugh eldest brother of Alexander Mountgomery and 
Elizabeth his wife daughter of Cunningham of Aughinkeer in the for- 
said Kingdom, which Alexander was eldest son of Robert, which 
Robert was second son of Hugh Mountgomery, first Earl of Eglin- 
ton, in the Kingdom of Scotland, which Ld. Visct. Mountgomery, 
of Ardes, departed this mortal life at Newtowne in the County of 
Down, in the Province of Ulster, the isth of May, 1636, and in the 75th 
year of his age, and was Honourably interred with the attendance of 
the King of Armes and Athlone officers of Armes, in Newtoune 
aforesaid, the 8th day of September following. This defunct, the 
Viscount, took to his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of James Shaw 
of Greenock, in foresaid Kingdom, Esq., by whom he had issue 
three sons living, and some others died young, viz. : Hugh Visct. 
Mountgomery of the Ardes, who married dame Jane daughter of 
William Alexander Earl of Stirling in the Kingdom of Scotland afore- 
said ; Sir James Mountgomery, Knighted by King Charles, Anno 
16, and one of the Gentlemen of his Majesty's Privy Chamber, who 
took to wife Katherine, daughter of Sir William Stewart, Knt. 
and Baronet ; and George, third son, who took to wife Grisella 
daughter of Sir John Macdougal (Macdouall), of the kingdom of 
Scotland aforesaid ; 

"And a daughter, viz. , Elizabeth, married Sir Robert M 'Clelland, 
Baron of Kilcobry, in the aforesaid Kingdom, which Elizabeth died 
without issue. Jane 2d married to Patrick Savage of Portaferry, in 
the County of Down, Esq. 

" This defunct took, to his second wife, dame Sara, daughter of 
Maxwell Ld. Harye, in the said Kingdom, and Countess Dowager 
of Wigton, widow of the Earl of Wigton in the foresaid Kingdom, by 
whom he had no issue. This defunct was Knighted by King James, 
the third year of his reign, being born in the Kingdom of Scotland 
aforesaid, and deserveth to be eternized for his worthy works of 
Plantation in the Ards and other parts in the said County of Down. 
The truth of the premisses is testified by the subscription of the Rt. 
Honble. now Visct. Mountgomery of the Ards, the said eldest son 
of the Defunct, who hath returned this Certificate to be recorded in 
the officeof the Ulster King of Arms, taken by Thomas Preston, Esq., 
Ulster King of Arms, and Allbone Leverett, Athlone, officer of Arms, 
the of September, 1636, afore. Funeral Certificates in Ulster's 
Office, 4820, Plut. clxix., i. 

For remarks on this account of the descent of Braidstane 
from an earl of Eglinton, see p. 4, note n, supra. 


But for all the said costly pomp and what was expended at the 2d and 3d Lords burialls, there 
is not as yett, An. 1698, any monument (but this) erected to the memory of any of them. Such 
hath been (as it is easy to be demonstrated) the troublesomness of the times elapsed since the said 
funeral, 100 

I shall only say, it hath been a frequent fate of great and good personages, to have no tombs ; 
and the luck of sordid capricious rich men, to have them, but then this latter sort do often build 
them (as Abraham bought a field and a cave for a burial place for him and his, and Jacob erected 
a pillar over Rachel) in their own life time, otherwise their heires, notwithstanding all the lands or 
money is left to them, are seldom so respectful or grateful as to doe it, tho it were prudence to gett 
a good name and repute thereby both alive and dead. 

But lett us see the poet's ill advised angry distich, and let who will discant on it, viz., 

" Marmoreo tumulo Licinus jacet, at Cato parvo ; 
Pompeius nullo : Quis putet esse Decs." 101 

Which I English thus : 

Glutton Licinus, in gilt marble sleeps, 

In a small urn Utica Cato keeps : 

Pompey the Great no lodging hath ; yet wee 

Miscall them Gods, were lesser men than Hee. 

I will now make a few generall remarks of the Montgomerys, and first of their ages; the first 
Viscount's forefathers lived long by reason of temperance, abstaining from excess, as wine, women, 

100 Since the said funeral. There have been no monu- titles, and dates of their death. These tombstones were 
ments erected over the graves of the two viscounts, or of no doubt, used by the builder, Charles Campbell, in 1830, 
their descendants, the five earls of Mount-Alexander. when laying the floor of the session-house. (See his let- 
From the date of the first viscount's death, in 1636, until ter, p. 123, supra.) They "were dressed over to answer 
the death of the first earl, in 1663, the times were indeed the flooring." At the trial of the so-called earl of Stir- 
troubled. Subsequently to the latter date, the fortunes ling, to which reference has been made in note 33 of same 
of the family had greatly declined, and the means of erect- page, " Margaret M'Blain deponed that her husband was a 
ing costly monuments, even if there had been the desire mason to his business, that he was employed in new 
to do so, no longer existed. Probably the same cause flagging the floor of the old church (when being converted 
prevented also the Scottish branches of the family from into a session-house) at the east end of Newtown House, 
the erection of monuments ; as, of all the once numerous and that after the work was finished, he stated to deponent 
and potent houses of this surname in Ayrshire, or rather that he had been on various graves, and he particularly 
in the district of Cunningham, not one such is known to mentioned the grave of lady Mount-Alexander, with whom 
exist, save that which was erected in 1637 by sir Robert the deponent had lived several years in her youth." This 
Montgomerie of Skelmorlie, in the church of Largs. The lady Mount-Alexander was Mary Angelica De La Cherois, 
family vault of Eglinton is beneath the parish church, countess of the fifth and last earl. As she died in 1771, 
and precludes, therefore, the idea of any monumental dis- the inscription on her tombstone was no doubt quite 
play. But it is a fact still more remarkable, that no legible when being "dressed over" in 1830. The other 
lettered stones remain in the burial-places of that district and earlier inscribed stones were not so legible, and did 
to mark the graves of humbler members of the clan. Not not attract the mason's attention. This witness farther 
even in the church or churchyard of Beith is there a mo- testfied that the tombstone of the hon. John Alexander also 
numental trace of the family of Braidstane, or Giffen, or attracted the observation of her husband. See p. 132, 
Hessilhead, or Bogstown, or Craighouse. This remark- supra. 

able circumstance was communicated to the editor in a I01 Putet esse Deos. This epigram of P. Terentius Varro 

letter from Wm. Dobie, esq. , Grangevale, parish of Beith, is as follows : 
dated igth November, 1866. See also The Edinburgh 

Topographical Magazine, 1849, p. 176. Although there " Marmoreo tumulo Licinus jacet ,at Cata parvo; 

" & * & *? TWT r Pompeius nullo : Ouis putet esse deos f 

were no monuments erected at Newtown, the graves of Saxa premunt Licinum, levat afcim/ama Catomtn; 

the Montgomerys buried in the old church were undoubt- Pompeium tittili. Credimus esse deos. 

edly covered by large flat stones recording their names, Anthologia, &>c., Ed. Meyerns; torn, i., p. 19. 



and variety of food, and useing corporeall exercises, abandoning idleness and a lazy life and soft 
pleasures, which hath corrupted the healths of the last century. 102 

His Lordship was past the midle of his 76 year, his son George x 3 lived to 68; of the other's 
shortness of life you shall hear in the sequel of this narrative : But to proceed on this head im- 
primis, I know An. 1646 (when at Newtoun school) many artificers and yeomen (whom his Lord- 
ship conduced to plant) that lived to great ages. Among which one Adam Montgomery (who told 
me many things of Braidstane, when I was young, which I studied not to remember), he lived to 
about 105 years as I am told, and as himself said he was a little before his death. 10 * Also John Pea- 
cock of Tullycavan, I0 5 my fee farmer, lived above 100 years, a healthy man, and had travelled much 
with the first Viscount. There was John Montgomery of Ballyrolly, who lived so long in sound 
health (but not memory) that he would play at hide and seek, and such like childish games, with 
his wife and his great grand children. 106 Also the Goodwife of Busby, 10 ? after the 85th year of her age, 

102 Last century. The six lairds of Braidstane lived 
between the years 1390 and 1636, which shows an average 
of only forty-one years for each. The fourth laird, how- 
ever, must have been ninety years of age at the time 
of his death in 1558. 

10 3 Son George. See p. 94, supra. George Montgomery 
resided first at Drumfad, near Donaghadee, and afterwards 
at Ballylesson. He lived during the later years of his life 
at Rosemount, and died there. 

I0 * Before his death. This Adam Montgomery was a 
carpenter, and is mentioned in an Inquisition of 1625, 
which was held to inquire what waste had been commit- 
ted in the woods of the territory called Slutt Neales. The 
report of this commission states that " one Adam Mont- 
gomery, for two summers, with three or four workmen, 
cut no less than 40 trees on Lisdalgan, and other inland 
towns." Ulster Inquisitions, Down, no. 105, Car. I. ; 
Morrin's Calendar, Charles L, p. 65. The name of an 
Adam Montgomery who occupied the position of a gentle- 
man, and was, no doubt, of the Braidstane line, appears 
among the earliest settlers. By deed, dated 25th of April, 
1610, sir Hugh Montgomery of Newtown, in the county 
of Down, knight, one of the esquires of the king's body, 
sold to Adam Montgomery, of Ballyalton, in the said co., 
gent. , the two towns and lands of Ballehenrie and Bally- 
alton, in the parish of Comber, in the lower Clandeboy, 
at a fee-farm rent of 3 35. 8d. English, to be paid in two 
equal parts, payable at May-day and Hollantide; these 
lands were bounded by the townland of Ballydamphe, in 
the occupation of Robert Montgomery, gent, E. ; by 
the lands of sir James Hamilton, W. ; by the townlands 
of Ballymacreny and Ballygovernor, held by Robert and 
James Cathcart, esqrs., N. ; by the hill of Scraboe, N.E. ; 
and by sir Hugh's lands of Comber, S. and S.W. 
all courts leet and baron, waifs, strays, and all royalties 
excepted ; the tenants to perform suits of court and mill, pay- 
ing for grinding their corn the l6th part thereof; herriots ; 
and for relief double the rent. To pay also as a common 
fine at every court leet, himself and his heirs, 6d. ; and for 
each of his undertenants, 3d. Calendar of Patent Rolls, 
James I., pp. 254, 255. 

Io s Of Tullycavan. To this fee-farmer, who is styled 
gent, in documents quoted below, the first viscount granted 
the lands of Tullykeaven, accounted for 60 acres, and Bally- 

dowen, at the yearly rent of 40 shillings, for ever. Inqui- 
sition of 1623. Tullykevin is the name of a townland in 
the parish of Greyabbey. This patriarchal farmer lived 
to have a succession of three landlords, after his settlement 
in June, 1623. On the 6th of August, 1631, Isabella 
Haddan (Haldane), widow of William Edmonston, of 
Braidisland, and Archibald Edmondston, her son, sold the 
lands of Ballybrian, in the parish of Gray Abbey, to John 
Peacock, of Tullykeavin, gent. , for the sum of ^333 6s. 
8d. These lands were then jointly occupied by tenants 
named Cathcart and Cunningham. Peacock was bound 
to pay, as the Edmonstons had been, the sum of six pounds 
yearly, a chief rent to viscount Montgomery, in two equal 
payments, at the feasts of Pentecost and St. Martin the 
Bishop, to do suit and service, and to grind all the corn 
used on the premises in the landlord's mill. Mrs. Ed- 
monston and her son appointed as their attorneys, to give 
possession and receive the purchase-money, their "well- 
beloved friends, Mr. James Hamilton, minister at Bally- 
waiter, and Robert Allen, or either of them." This in- 
denture is witnessed, among others, by Jhone Edmond- 
stoune and Robert Edmondstoune. On the I4th of 
December, 1670, James Peacock (son of John) and Janet 
Peacock, alias Fairly, his wife, conveyed the above-named 
lands of Ballybrian to James M 'Gill of Ballymonestragh, 
for the sum of ^316 is. 6d. the yearly chief rent being 
then "j 153. This indenture was witnessed, &c., by 
James Rosse, Wm. Schaw, Wm. Buchanan, Hugh 
Montgomerie, Calibb Bayly, Alex. Bayly, and others. 
Original Documents preserved at Greyabbey. 

106 Great grand-children. Ballyrolly is the name of a 
townland in the parish of Donaghadee This John Mont- 
gomery is afterwards mentioned in the author's account of 
various families of this surname. He was an intimate 
friend of Mr. Hugh Nevin. See p. 135, supra. 

10 ? Goodwife of Busby. The barony of Busby, in the 
parish of Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, was granted by Robert III. 
to David Mowat, in the year 1390, and remained in the 
Mowat family until 1630, although the greater part of it 
had been sold to the Eglinton family early in the seven- 
teenth century, The estate enjoyed by the Mowats of 
Busbie contained 800 acres of choice land. In 1626, the 
Guidman of Busby died, and in the same year his son, 
James Mowat, was included in a grant of denization, so 



walked to a communion in Comerer : and many more instances of longevity might be given, but 
forbear them. 108 

that he and the other members of the family were probably 
compelled by their circumstances to seek a new home on 
the Irish shore. The last Scottish representative of the 
family, from being a laird of Busbie, holding directly from 
the crown, had sunk to the position of only a guidman, or 
farmer, holding from the territorial lord. The "Good- 
wife" of Busby, mentioned in the text, was evidently the 
partner of Charles Mowat, who died in 1626. See Pater- 
son's Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., pp. 217, 
2l8, The surname of Mowat has almost entirely disap- 
peared from Ayrshire ; but the family of the last guidman 
settled in Castlereagh, and their descendants, invariably 
known as Busbys, though really Mowats, are still found in 
-the district In explanation of the two Scottish terms 
Laird &&&. Gudeman, sir George Mackenzie has the follow- 
ing remark: " And this remembers me of a custom in 
Scotland, which is but lately gone in dissuetude, and that 
is, that such as did hold their lands of the prince were 
called Lairds ; but such as held their lands of a subject, 
though they were large, and their superiours very noble, 
were only all called Good-Men, from the old French word 
bonne-homme, which was the title of the master of the 
family ; and, therefore, such feues as had a jurisdiction 
annext to them, a barrony, as we call it, do ennoble ; for 
barronies are established only by the prince's erection or 
confirmation." Science of Heraldry, pp. 13, 14. A laird 
might only be worth two or three hundred a-year, whilst 
& good-man (although his inferior in rank), might own as 
many thousands. 

I0 * But I forbear them. The following instance 
of longevity was recorded by the author on a tomb- 
stone discovered, a few years ago, in the grave-yard, and 
since brought into the Abbey: 

u-gO'S^ g- 

of Rosemount who died Ao. JEt. 85 

Dni 1689 : 
indulgent and kind, 

and left few his like behind, 
curavit posuitq : W. M. 

This stone appears to have been first intended for some 
retainer of W. M. , and to have been transferred afterwards 
to one Amer Gaa. The inscription signed W. M. is 
evidently of the old gentleman's own cutting, and probably 
to a family servant, but no more remains legible than is 
given. MS. Notes of colonel F. 0. Montgomery. The 
name Amer Gaa, on this tombstone, was rather a puzzle, 
as it appeared to be both the Christian and surname of the 
person. In the Northern Whig of the 6th of April, 1868, 
a police case is reported in which James Wallace was re- 
presented as having administered a poisonous drug to one 
William Emergaw. Harris mentions several remarkable 
cases of longevity well known throughout the county of 
Down in the early part of the i8th century. Alice Sale 
had died soon before 1754, in Lecale, aged 100 years. 
Two men, at Rose-Trevor, named respectively Gumming 
and Erwine, lived each to be upwards of a century old. 
A widow, named Agnew, was then ( 1 744) living in the same 
district, aged IOO years. Patrick Lowy of Clogher, in the 

parish of Down, had recently died, at the same age. 
Janet Tate alias Halliday, was then living aged 101 years. 
John Finlay, a fisherman of Bangor, lived to be 103 years 
of age. Jane Johnson of Donaghmore, died on Easter 
Sunday, 1744, aged 103 years. Mrs. Lasharway, 
(Delacherois) a French lady, was 105 in 1744. She spent 
much of her time at Mount- Alexander, the residence of 
her niece, who was the wife of the fifth and last earl of 
Mount-Alexander. Andrew Miscandle of Donaghmore, 
was certified by the minister and church- wardens to be 107 
years of age. The most remarkable case was that of Mary 
Crawly, of the parish of Ballynahinch, who died about 
the year 1740, at the age of 112 years. Harris's County 
of Down, pp. 251-4. Since 1744, the year in which 
Harris published his book, very many cases of longe- 
vity in the county of Down have been recorded, 
from which we here select a few of the most remarkable, 
mentioning the years in which the persons died, their ages, 
and their- places of abode: 





































Alexander Bennett, 125, Dowr.patrick. 
Jane M'Afee, 115, Rathfriland. 
Isabel Laughlin, 118, Rathfriland. 
Alexander Mackenzie, 120, Rathfriland. 
Jane Mackenzie, 114, Rathfriland. 
James Martin, 112, Ballynahinch. 
Arthur M'Grilland, 101, Ballynahinch. 
Henry Cromey, 106, Rathfriland. 
John Smith, 101, Carlingford. 
David Mporehead, 101, Killinchy. 
Ann Pettigrew, in, Waringstown. 
Mary M'Donnell, 118, Ballynahinch. 
John Bryson, 103, Holywood. 
James Cree, 107, Donaghadee. 
Charles Stanley, 104, Derryhale. 

Jane Montgomery, 103, Donaghadee. 

"ames M'Donagh, 109, Louhgbrickland. 
Margaret M'llveen, 106, Purdysbum. 

Robert M'Kee, no, Saintfield. 

Elizabeth Carson, zoo, Waringstown. 

Janet Thomson, 131, Ballynahinch. 

John Reid, 103, Saintfield. 

Alex. Brown, 105, Comber. 

Hugh Stephenson, 100, Dromore. 

Margaret Sloan, 104, Comber. 

James Quart, no, Saintfield. 

Alice Kearney, no, Portaferry. 

John Craig, 112, Saintfield. 

David Jamieson, 102, Saintfield. 
William Wade, 102, Saintfield. 
Jane Fitzgerald, 102, Donaghmore. 
Martha Adams, 105, Dromara. 
Samuel Malcolmson, 121, Rathfriland. 
Mary Stralton, 105, Copeland Isle. 
William Agnew, 104, Portaferry. 
Ann M'Dowall, 112, Donaghadee. 
Henry Edwards, 105, Donaghadee. 
Roger M'Cormack, 101, Newry. 
James Magee, 104, Saintfield. 
Patrick Fitzgerald, 107, Donaghmore. 
James Riddel, 102, Comber. 
Charles Havoran, 113, Newry. 
Dorothy Lemon, 107, Donaghadee. 
John Manson, 105, Bangor. 
Jane Cowan, 100, Donaghadee. 
Isabella White, 107, Newry. 
Agnes Beck, 104, Greyabbey. 
Jane Gibson, 105, Monlough. 
Jane Smith, 106, Drumbo. 
Wm. Gibson, 104, Monlough. 
Samuel Gumming, 112, Castle wellan. 
William, Johnston, ico, Saintfield. 



As to the sirname of Montgomery, the Scottish rithmers 10 ? designe them by calling them Poet 
Montgomerys, many of them having been excellent in that art. 110 This was their character in time 
of peace, which I read to be ascribed to some Roman Emperors, and to some Christian Kings, as 
a commendable quality or indowment, and a mark of the elevation of their spirits to high notions, 

fitting them for oratory, and lofty fluent speech, takeing them off from grovelling on vulgar appetites 
as worldings doe; by this sirname in the time of commotions and warrs were stiled the martiall Mont- 

i8 33 .- 

-William Rainey, 107, Killyleagh. 
-Mary Ligget, 107, Gilford. 
-Ann M'Areavy, 106, Ballyniacarrett. 
-Roda Steen, 105, Moville. 
-Bernard Doran, 100, Kirkcubbin. 
-Arthur Johnston, 105, Drumlough. 
-Harvey Murphy, 103, Rathmullan. 
Joseph Carnaghan, 108, Waringstown. 
-Peter White, 106, Loughbrickland. 
-John Robinson, 104, Saintfield. 

The above are taken from a vast number of cases collected 
by the late Samuel M'Skimin, author of The History 
of Carrickfergus. Mr. M'Skimin interleaved a copy of 
Harris's County of Down, thus adding a mass of most 
valuable material, intended, no doubt, for a second edition 
of that rare and very excellent book. The Rev. Dr. 
Macllwaine, incumbent of St. George's, Belfast, is now 
in possession of this precious Collection. 

10 9 Scottish Rithmers. Buchanan states, Historia Ecclesi- 
astica Gentis Scotorum, p. 86, that in his time the order of 
minstrels was still revered among the Celtic inhabitants of 
these kingdoms. Colville, in his Oratio Funebris Exe- 
quiis Elizabeths nuper Angliiz Regince deslinata, p. 24, 
Paris, 1604, has the following contemptuous reference to 
these "rithmers:" "When I was a boy, I had heard 
the beggarly jockies recite certain homely verses ascribed 
to Thomas the Rhymer, a reputed prophet." In George 
Marline's State of the See of St. Andrews, published in 
1797, we have a more charitable and accurate notice of 
the latest members of this fraternity. " To our fathers' 
time and ours, something remained, and still does remain 
of this ancient order. And they are called by others, and 
by themselves, jockies, who go about begging, and use still 
to recite the sluggornes ... of most of the true 
ancient surnames of Scotland from old experience and 
observation. Some of them I have discoursed, and found 
to have reason and discretion. One of them told me 
there were not now twelve in the whole isle ; but he re- 
membered when they abounded, so as at one time he was 
one of five that usualie met at St. Andrews." Irving's 
History of Scottish Poetry, edited byCarlyle, pp. 185, 186. 
The minstrels of the seventeenth century had thus evidently 
fallen from the high and distinguished position in which 
Percy and Pinkerton describe them in earlier times. See 
Percy's Essay on the Ancient Minstrels in England, p. xxi; 
and Pinkerton's Essay on the Origin of Scottish Poetry, 
p. Ixxiii. 

110 Excellent in that art. The old Scottish minstrels or 
rhymers were expected to recite poems in connexion with 
the surnames of the leading nobility, who were praised 
especially for martial exploits. The Montgomerys were 
further celebrated by the minstrels for the rare distinction 
of genius in song. The poetical vein appears to have 
come into the Montgomery family by the infusion of the 

Eglinton blood. Sir Hugh of Eglinton, who was born 
in 1320, is described by the old chronicler Winton as 
" cunning in literature, curious in his style, eloquent and 
subtle, and clothing his composition in appropriate metre, 
so as always to inspire pleasure and delight." This, how- 
ever, is only a prosy translation of Winton's lines, which 
occur in vol. i., p. 122, of his Crony kil, and enumerate 
sir Hugh's principal poems thus : 

" That cunnand wes in literature ; 
He made the gret gest of Arthure, 
And the Awntyre of Go-wane, 
The Pystyl also of Sivete Susane. 
He was curyws in hys style, 
Fayre of facund, and subtile 
And ay to plesans and delyte 
Mad in metyre mete his dyte, 
Lytle or nowcht nevyr-the-les 
Waverand frae the suthfastness." 

This poetical sir Hugh of Eglinton married Egidia, the 
half sister of Robert II., and by her left one daughter, 
Elizabeth, who inherited his large estates, and became the 
wife of John Montgomery of Eagleshame, ancestor of 
the Eglinton and other Montgomery families in Ayr- 
shire. The poems specified in these lines of Winton are 
better known than any other of sir Hugh's productions. 
The acts and exploits of the renowned king Arthur and 
his nephew, sir Gawane, are the themes of the two 
romances above mentioned. The Pystyl of Swete Susane 
was written about the year 1362, and is founded on the 
apocryphal story of Susanna. Irvine's History of Scottish 
Poetry, p. 83. A more celebrated poet belonging to this 
family was captain Alexander Montgomery, whose writ- 
ings we shall have occasion to notice in a subsequent note. 
Ezekiel Montgomery, founder of the Montgomerys of 
Weitlands, inherited some portion of the poetical genius 
of the race, and wrote such spirited poems that one of 
them, at least, was ascribed to his celebrated kinsman, 
Alexander Montgomery. Jean Montgomery, daughter of 
the fifth laird of Hazlehead, married sir William Mure of 
Rowallan, and her son, sir William, born about the year 
1594, was also a poet. His best known works are a 
poem entitled The Joy of Tears, and a Poetical Transla- 
tion of the Psalms, the latter of which is still in manu- 
script. In the Muse's Welcome, a collection of poems and 
addresses presented to James I. of England, on his re- 
visiting Scotland in 1617, there is a poetical address by 
sir William Mure. In 1628, he published a poetical 
translation of the Hecatombe Christiana of Boyd of 
Trochrig, together with an original poem entitled Doomes- 
day. His poetical version of the Psalms was completed 
in 1639, after a labour of several years. Paterson, 
Parishes and Families of Ayrshire, vol. i., p. 291; vol. ii., 
p. 192. 



gomerys, 1 " as their due epithet; and that they deserve it, I can give many instances, but too much 
of one thing is good for nothing. 

To these two characters his late Lordship and his brother Patrick gave proof (as their pro- 
genitors did to the first of them in France and Holland, and his Lordship, and his brother George 
(falling into peaceable times) shewed themselves suitable thereunto. I must here mention and dis- 
cover a little of his Lordship's temper (which I guess was fitt both for peace and warr) and it is 
from his devise 112 which he assumed when he went to travell; it was this, viz., a lute with two hands 
out of clouds, the one stopping, the other moving the strings, and this motto (the French and 
Scotch "call it a diton 113 ), viz., "Such Touch, Such Sound," but this is not certain. 

To the like purpose Sir Ja. Montgomery had for his devise as may be seen within the porch 
of Rosemount house, and on his .monument in Grayabby church aforesaid), viz., a sword and a lance 
(still part of our familys arms) saltirewise, surmounted on an open book, on the leaves whereof is 
written the words Arte, Marte* surrounded by a laurel and a bay branch, bearing fruit, interwoven 
wtihin each other: and under all for a motto appears those words, viz., In utrumque Paratus. 

111 Martiall Montgomery*. Very few, if, indeed, any, of 
the minstrels' chantings on this theme now remain. 
There was published in Glasgow, in 1770, a ballad of 
the seventeenth century, entitled Memorable* of the Mont- 
gomeries, which appears to have been manufactured from 
some earlier productions, and may thus be regarded as a 
representation of what was sung by the minstrels re- 
specting certain martial exploits performed by members 
of the family. This poem was printed "from the only 
copy known to remain, which has been preserved above 
sixty years by the care of Hugh Montgomerie, sen., at 
Eglisham, long one of the factors of the family of 
Eglintoun." It was re-printed in 1822. The author 
represents the founder of the family to have been a " noble 
Roman," and the family name to have been derived from 
Gomericus, a mountain in Italy. From this original seat 
a descendant came to France, where another branch was 
founded, which flourished for the long space of six cen- 
turies. The representative of this branch came to England 
with William the Conqueror, and so mightily distinguished 
himself at the battle of Hastings, that 

"Earl Roger then the greatest man, 

Next to the King was thought ; 
And nothing that he could desire, 

But it to him was brought. 
Montgomery town, Montgomery shire, 

And Earl of Shrewsburie, 
Arundale do shew this man 

Of grandeur full to be." 

A son of Earl Roger, named Philip, settled in Scotland, 
and was the founder of the Scottish house : 

" Where many ages they did live, 

By king and country loved ; 
As m*n of valour and renown, 

Who were with honour moved ; 
To shun no hazard when they could 

To either service do' : 
Thus did they live, thus did they spend 

Their blood and money too." 

The valour of sir Hugh Montgomerie and His son, sir 
John, at the battle of Otterburne, is duly noticed by the 
poet, who does not fail to record also the marriage of sir 

Hugh of Eglintoun with Egidia, a daughter of the royal 
house, from whom was descended lord Darnly, the father 
of James VI. The concluding stanza is. addressed to the 
members of the family generally : 

" Since you are come of royal blood, 

And kings are sprung from you, 
See that with greatest zeal and love 

Those virtues you pursue, 
Which to those honours raised your house, 

And shall without all stain, 
In herald's books your ensign flowr'd 

And counter-flowr'd maintain." 

112 p rom his devise. The device, from the French 
devise, is the emblem on a shield, or the ensign armorial 
of a family. We have illustrations of the use of this term 
in the following passages quoted in Johnson's Dictionary : 

" Then change we shields, and their devices bear 

Let fraud supply the want of force in war." Dryden. 
" Hibernia's harp, device of her command, 

And parent of her mirth shall there be seen." Prior. 
"They intend to let the world see what party they are of, by 
figures and designs upon these fans; as the knights errant used to 
distinguish themselves by devices on their shields." Addison. 

"3 Call it a diton. The diton, from the French dicton, 
is an inscription having reference to the armorial bearings, 
or to the bearer's name. The following passage containing 
an illustration of the use of this heraldic term, is quoted in 
Jamieson's Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Lan- 
guage: " As your arms are the ever-green holline leaves, 
with a blowing horn, and this diton i.ircscit vulnere virtus, 
so shall this your munificence suitablye bee, ever-green 
and fresh to all ages in memory, and whyle this house 
standeth." Guild's Old Roman Catholick, dedication, p. 9. 
The diton, according to the Dictionnaire de 7'revoux, is 
"un mot notable, ou de grand sens qu'on met en de 
tableaux ; ou des inscriptions, qui tiennent lieu d' em- 
blemes, ou de devises." 

"* Arte, Marte. This slone, or a similnr one, i.s still in 
the abbey, at Greyabbey, over the remains of the tablet 
erected to the memory of sir James Montgomery. MS. 
Notes of colonel F. 0. Montgomery. 


Thus it may be said of him, Proles sequitur suum patrem, in these brave qualitys and accomplish- 

Another generall observation (and so I shall omitt the rest) is, that it cannot be said (with any 
seeming truth) either that his late Lordships progenitors or himself, or his descendants, ever im- 
ployd any coin to buy imployments, or preferrment, but by their services, and at expence or hazard 
of their blood and lives they obtained the like favors, which they had of their respective princes : so 
they may say as they have found, tandem bona causa triumphat. Furthermore they were always loyal 
to the crowne and never tainted or stained in their blood," 5 and for maintenance of this honour, I 
here lay aside my pen and throw down my gantlet to answer all opposers of this my averment. 

And now I proceed to his late Lordships heire and successor: 116 and though my recitall is short 
of his merits, yet I shall be much briefer in what I shall write of his Lordship's descendants, not re- 
peating but touching (as shall be requisite) the mentions I have interwoven before : because I have 
seen but few records of their Lordships actions, except what my own knowledge can afford, or is 
come by the credible reporte, which must needs be litle, for I was in my grandfather Stewarts house 
till I was sent for to the Ards, a heedless boy of ten years and six months age an. 1644;"? kept at 
school till harvest 1649; that Oliver Cromwell's army chaced me into Scotland," 8 and then out of it 
into Holland, when I came an. 1652, into England, and so returned into Ireland an. 1653. I was 
kept soliciting for my birth right till King Charles the 2d's happy restoration May, 1660, and for 
eight years after it, imployd in my proper affaires; mostly abroad not at all resolving (but rather 
discouraged for want of papers) till anno 1697, that I should make these collections, concerning the 
Montgomerys in general, or of the family of Ardes, and others of that sirname in Ireland, or to write 
of them particularly. But the gout (I thank God for it, and for my health, and ability which had 
furnished me with some preparations) hath since that year given me occasion and leizure to scribble 
these and divers other sheets. 119 

"5 Stained in blood. The principal consequences of an abolished, but not very long ago. It is removed by 

attainder, attinctus, ' stained, "are forfeiture of real and per- the 3rd and 4th of William IV., cap. 106, sec. to, 

sonal estate, and what is technically called the corruption of which enacts that no attainder for the future should pre- 

the blood of the offender. Owing to this corruption of blood, vent descent from being traced through the attainted per- 

which completely in law stopped up the course of descent, it son, unless the lands escheated before the 1st of January, 

was impossible to derive a title to lands, eitherfrom theoffen- 1834. 

der directly, or from anymore remote ancestor through II6 Heire and successor, This heir was Hugh, second 

him. In the reign of Charles II., which was the vaunted viscount, who died in 1642. Unfortunately, the author's 

era of the theoretical perfection of our public law, Hale memoir of him, extending to upwards of 92 pages, is lost, 

writes "If the son of a person attaint purchase land, See p. I, supra. 

and die without issue, it shall not descend to his uncle; " 7 An. 1644. See p. 2, note 4, supra. 

for the attainder of his father corrupted the blood, whereby " 8 Chaced me into Scotland. After the defeat of the 

the bridge is broken down." Blackstone holds that corrup- royalist troops in Ulster under the command of the third 

tion of blood involved an obstruction of all descents by or viscount, on the field of Lisnastrain, near Lisburn, in 1649, 

through a person attainted, even to the twentieth genera- the author fled with his father, sir James Montgomery, into 

tion. See Amos on the English Constitution, pp. 212, Scotland. 

213. The practical injustice thus caused by the doctrine " 9 Divers other sheets. It thus appears that the ILont- 

of the corruption of blood in punishing the offences of the gomery Manuscripts were written during the last ten years 

guilty by the heaviest penalties on the innocent, has been of the author's life, or between the years 1697 and 1707. 




NOW return to write of the 3d Visct. as I promised, affectionately and without flattery,' 
Mr. Montgomery (for so he was then called) on the ist notice of that horrid Irish rebellion, 4 
being recalled from his travels beyond our narrow seas, came thro' England and kissed K. 
Ch. his hand at Oxford, who had the curiosity to look at the palpita" of his heart, w h was plainly 

1 Without flattery. There is here evidently a large 
gap in the Manuscripts, and whatever the author wrote of 
the second viscount, of his son James, or of his daughter 
Elizabeth, has been lost. The present chapter commences 
abruptly with the memoirs of the second viscount's eldest 
son Hugh, who became third viscount, on the death of his 
father in 1642. 

2 Horrid Irish rebellion. This was the great Irish 
rebellion which commenced in Ulster on the 23rd of 
October, 1641. On the evening of the 22nd, sir Felim 
O'Neill surprised and pillaged the castle of Charlemont, 
seizing lord Caulfeild and his family, together with the 
whole garrison. Immediately afterwards, on the same 
day, he took possession of the town and fort of Dun- 
gannon, whilst a leader under him, named O'Quin, sur- 
prised the castle of Mountjoy. These events took place 
on the evening of the day preceding that on which the 
general rising in Ulster began, and were known the next 
day pretty generally throughout Down and Antrim. As 
soon as the alarming news ' cached Lisburn, bishop Leslie 
addressed the following hasty note to the second 
viscount Montgomery of the Ards, which was written 
about six o'clock, P.M., on the 23rd of October : 

"To the Right Honourable my very good Lord, Thomas, (Hugh), 
Lord Viscount Montgomery. 

" RT. HONOURABLE There is newly come into Lisnegarvy a 
trooper post, who assures us that this last night Charlemont, was taken 
and Dungannon, by Sir Phelim O'Neill, with a huge multitude of 
Irish soldiers, and that this day they are advanced as far as Ton- 
deraghee. Captain St. John fled, his trumpeter slain, and all the 
country fleeing before them. I pray your Lordship to think of some 
course to be taken for making head against them, and let my Lord 
Clandebpys know soe much. I am now likewise sending post to my 
Lord Chichester, soe in great haste, I commend your Lordship to 
God's grace, and rest your Lordship's affectionate servant, 


" Lisnegarvy, 23rd Oct., 1641." 

This note was soon succeeded by the following, enclos- 
ing letters from other parties : 

" To the Right Honourable my very good Lord, the Lord Viscount 

Montgomery of Ardes. 

" Your Lordship now perceives by these enclosed letters from one 
Garty to Mr. Hill, and Mr. Hill unto me, that the news which I 
sent unto your Lordship, about four hours ago are too true, and a 
great deal worse than I then understood, for the Newry is taken, and 
we expect them (the insurgents) here this night or to-morrow, and 
cannot hold out long without help from those parts which your Lord- 

ship commands, soe in great haste, I beseech Almighty God to bless 
your Lordship, and to be our deliverer. 

" Your Lordship's most affectionate servant, 


" Saturday, at ten o'clock at night." 

This note is endorsed "Reed, from the busype, this 
Sunday morning, 7 hours, 24th Oct., 1641." For 
copies of the foregoing notes, now printed for the first time, 
the editor is indebted to the Rev. Dr. Macllwaine, 
Incumbent of St. George's, Belfast. In less than 
- a week after the commencement of the rebellion, the 
insurgents had possession of the counties of Tyrone, 
Monaghan, Longford, Leitrim, Fermanagh, Cavan, 
Donegal, Derry, and nearly all Armagh and Down. 
The district of Ards was the only portion of Down which 
was happily free from pillage and massacre, although the 
inhabitants there, on the first breaking forth of the re- 
bellion, hardly hoped to escape the doom of other places 
Refugees from other districts of Down and also from the 
adjoining counties crowded thither, from among whom, 
the second viscount, and his brother, sir James Mont- 
gomery of Rosemount, collected a considerable force. 
The following extract, containing the names of some 
of the principal insurgent leaders in Ulster together with 
an account of their first movements on the breaking out of 
the rebellion, is taken from O'Mellan's AfS. Journal of the 
\} r ars of 1641, in the possession of the late viscount 
O'Neile of Shane's Castle: "The chiefs formed a plan to 
seize upon all the fortified towns and strong places of the 
English and Scotch throughout Ireland in one night. The 
day fixed was Friday, being the last day of the moon. 
. . . Sir Felim O'Neill was chosen general in the 
province of Ulster, that is Mic Turlough, Mic Henry 
Mic Henry, Mic Shane, Mic Cuinn, Mic Henry, Mic Owne, 
&c. He took Charlemont and the governor of the town, 
Lord Caulfeild, and all who were there from him down- 
wards. Dungannon was taken, and its captain, namely 
Parsons, and all the inhabitants from him down, by Ran- 
dal MicDonnell, that is, the son of Ferdoragh, son of 
Owen, &c., and by Patrick Modar O'Donnelly. The 
great garrison of Mountjoy was seized, with all the sol- 
diers, by captain Turlough Gruama O'Quin ; and Lord 
Caulfeild's castle in Ballyodonnelly was taken by Patrick 
Moder O'Donnelly. The manor-house of Moneymore, 
that is Sir John Clotworthy's town, was seized on by the 



discernable at the incision which was made in his side ;3 Sir, said the K., I wish I could perceive the 
thoughts of some of my nobilities hearts as I have seen your heart ; to which this Mr. Montgomery 
readily replied, I assure your majesty, before God here present and this company, it shall never en- 
tertain any thought against your concerns ; but be always full of dutiful affection and steadfast re- 

governor Cormac O'Hngan ; and Mr. Fuisler's town, 
in Killeter, that is Ballyscullicn, was taken by Felim 
Guiama O'Neill son of Felim Balbh. The garrison of 
Liscallaghan was taken by ... son of Donnell son 
of Shane na Mallacht, and by ... and the English 
soldiers who were in it were captured. The strong gar- 
rison town of Trandragee was taken by Patrick Og 
O'Hanlon, and he was killed himself the same day. 
The Newry was seized by Con Magennis, that is, the son 
of Lord Iveagh, and also the great castle. Dundalk was 
taken by the' lieutenant-general Brian, son of Hugh Boy 
O'Neil, sonof Turlough, son of Henryna Gartan, and by the 
Clan of Hugh (Clannaboy). 24th. On Sunday was taken 
Desert-Martin, and the manor-house of Magherafelt by the 
governor, Cormac O'Hagan. 26th. Armagh was seized by 
the general, i.e., sir Felim. There were a great many 
English in the Great Church, and plenty of provisions 
with them. They could have defended themselves, but 
they surrendered. " The Journal from which the foregoing 
is an extract, was written by O'Mellan of Brantry Friary, a 
religious house situated in the townland of Gort-tamlaght- 
na-mnck, now Gort, lying on the south-east of the barony of 
Dungannon, county of Tyrone. The copy of this curious 
work to which the editor had access belongs to J. W. Hanna, 
esq., who transcribed it from one lent to him by the late 
Dr. Petrie of Dublin, and which had been translated from 
the Irish original in the late viscount O'Neill's possession, 
by Robert Mac Adam, esq., of Belfast. The leaders of the 
insurrection issued a declaration detailing the causes which 
had compelled them to revolt. Of these causes eighteen 
in number, the following may be particularly men- 
tioned "i. It was plotted and resolved by the Puritans 
of England, Scotland, and Ireland, to extinguish quite the 
Catholick religion, and the professors and maintainers 
thereof, out of all those kingdoms, and to put all Catholicks 
of this realm to the sword, that would not conform them- 
selves to the Protestant religion. 4. The subjects of Ireland, 
especially the Irish, were thrust out forceably from their an- 
cient possessions, against law, without colour or right; and 
could not have proprietary or security in their estates, goods, 
or other rights, but were wholly subject to an arbitrary power 
and tyrannical government, these forty years past, without 
hope of relief or redress. 10. All their heavy and insuffer- 
able pressures prosecuted and laboured by the natives of this 
kingdom, with much suit, expence, and importunity, both 
in parliament here, and in England before his majesty, to 
be redressed, yet could never be brought to any happy 
conclusion, or as much as hope of contentment, but 
always eluded with delays. 17. All the natives in the 
English plantations of this realm were disarmed by pro- 
clamation, and the Protestant planters armed, and tied by 
the conditions of their plantations, to have arms, and to 
keep certain numbers of horse and foot continually upon 
their lands, by which advantage many thousands of the 
natives were expulsed out of their possessions, and as many 
hanged by martial law, without cause, and against the 
laws of this realm; and many of them otherwise destroyed, 

and made away, by sinister means and practices." 
Desiderata Citriosa Ifibernica, vol. ii., pp. 78, 80, 8 1. 

3 Made in his side. This curious case was, no doubt, 
mentioned more particularly in the Memoir of the second 
viscount, which has been lost. It fortunately came under 
the celebrated Dr. William Harvey's notice, who de- 
scribes it as follows : " A young nobleman, eldest son 
of the Viscount Montgomery, when a child, had a severe 
fall, attended with fracture of the left side. The conse- 
quence of this was a suppurating abscess, which went on 
discharging abundantly for a long time from an immense 
gap in his side ; this I had from himself and other credible 
persons who were witnesses. Between the i8th and igth 
years of his age, this young nobleman, having travelled 
through France and Italy, came to London, having at 
this time a very large open cavity in his side, through 
which the lungs, as it was believed, could both be seen 
and touched. When this circumstance was told as some- 
thing miraculous to his serene majesty, King Charles, he 
straightway sent me to wait on the young man, that I 
might ascertain the true state of the case. And what did 
I find ? A young man, well grown, of good complexion, 
and apparently possessed of an excellent constitution, so that 
I thought the whole story must be a fable. Having saluted 
him according to custom, however, and informed him of 
the king's express desire that I should wait upon him, he 
immediately showed me everything, and laid open his left 
side for my inspection, by 'removing a plate which he 
wore there by way of defence against accidental blows 
and other injuries. I found a large open space in the 
chest, into which I could readily introduce three of my 
fingers and my thumb ; which done I straightway per- 
ceived a certain protuberant fleshy part, affected with an 
alternating extrusive and intrusive movement ; this part I 
touched gently. Amazed with the novelty of such a state, 
I examined everything again and again, and when I had 
satisfied myself, I saw that it was a case of old and ex- 
tensive ulcer, beyond the reach of art, but brought by a 
miracle to a kind of cure, the interior being invested by a 
membrane, and the edges protected by a tough skin. 
But the fleshy part (which I, at first sight, took for a 
mass of granulations, and others had always regarded as 
a portion of the lung, ) from its pulsating motions, and the 
rhythm they observed with the pulse when the fingers 
of one of my hands were applied to it, those of the other 
to the artery at the wrist as well as from their discordance 
with the respiratory movements, I saw was no portion of 
the lung I was handling, but the apex of the heart ! covered 
over with a layer of fungous flesh by way of external 
defence, as commonly happens in old foul ulcers. The 
servant of this young man was in the habit daily of 
cleansing the cavity from its accumulated sordes by means 
of injections of tepid water; after which the plate was 
applied, and with this in its place, the young man felt 
adequate to any exercise or expedition, and, in short, he 
led a pleasant life in perfect safety. Instead of a verbal 
answer, therefore, I carried the young man himself to the 


solution to serve your Majesty. He stayd a few days at Court, and the King had him in particular 
favour, and here (I believe) was laid that unshaken foundation of loyalty whereon all his succeeding 
actions were built. He had leave to return to his father, who had wrote to hasten him home, be- 
cause he feared his drowsy distemper woud grow too fast upon him, 4 w h perhaps was told to the 
King. Now, whether it was at this time, that the King gave our Master Montgomery his promise 
he shoud succeed in his father's commands I know not, but it is likely it was so; because Dr Max- 
well (who had made the orifice in his side when a boy at school, and prescribed the lotion for it) 
was then and there attending the K. as his phisician, and might inform his Majesty of the s d L d ' 8 
constitution and habit of body, likely to remove him, for this Dr. had been divers years a pensionary 
phisician to that and the first Lord, and I have named him, joined with another in that quality, at the 
funeral hereinbefore described ; 5 he was glad to meet with Mr Montgomery, of the Ardes, his quondam 
patient (as is lately said) now in good plight of strength and health. The same Mr. Montgomery 
came home before Ao. 1642 (as I think,) and, no doubt, was welcomed by all, and soon afterw* 3 was 
more endeared to this country by the signal proofs of his valor (in the quality of a volunteer against 
the rebels) to his parents' great joy and fear of his person. This Mr. Montgomery came accom- 
plished in the French tongue, dancing, fencing, touching the lute", riding the great horse, and other 
academy improvements; yet he laid aside all courtly recreations, and betook himself to fortification 
and other martial arts, w h (with other parts of the mathematicks) he had learned abroad ; he now 
using no musick (except in the church and in house devotions) but only the drum and trumpet and 
bagpipe among the soldiers, in which he delighted, for he was comformist to the adage, Dulce bellum 
inexpertis.^ It cou'd not be long after his father's death, that his Lo p assumed the command of the 
regm to and troop (those dangerous times not admitting any interim from action) ; but whether the 

king, that his majesty might, with his own eyes, behold Chichester at Lisburn, and continued to take an active and 

this wonderful case; that, in a man alive and well, he successful part in suppressing the rebellion, until the time 

might, without detriment to the individual, observe the of his death. His eldest son, Hugh, succeeded him. His 

movement of the heart, and with his proper hand even second son Henry died young; his third son James, was 

touch the ventricles, as they contracted And his most born at Dunskey, in 1639, and died at Rosemount in 

excellent majesty, as well as myself, acknowledged that 1689. The second viscount's only daughter, Elizabeth, 

the heart was without the sense of touch; for the youth married her cousin, William Montgomery, author of the 

never knew when we touched his heart, except by the Montgomery Manuscripts. 

sight or the sensation he had through the external integu- s Hereinbefore described. See p. 140, supra. 

ment. We also particularly observed the movements of 6 Dulce bellum inexpcrtis. The following letter, written 

the heart, viz., that in the diastole it was retracted and by the third viscount, about three weeks after his father's 

withdrawn ; whilst in the systole it emerged protruded ; death, reveals probably the first of the many difficulties in 

and the systole of the heart took place at the moment the which the writer was from time to time, involved. It is 

piastole or pulse in the wrist was perceived ; to conclude, addressed to the sixth earl of Eglinton, who always con- 

the heart struck the walls of the chest, and became promi- tinued to be the kind counsellor and efficient friend of 

nent at the time it bounded upwards and underwent con- the Ards family : 

traction on itself." Harvey's Works, Sydenham Society, " RIGHT HONORABLE AND MY VERIE GOOD LORD I am extreme 

pp 382-4 sorrie of the occasioune I have to trouble your lordship, yet the as- 

4 Grw 'too fast ufon /^-The second viscount 'died = e \^^<^^> Tec^from'your 

suddenly on the I5th of INovemrjer, 1042 111 the forty- lordship onlie I expecte soverane remeidies. I doubt not but the 

fifth year of his age. In 1637, the year after his father's generall, (to whom lam infinitly obliged (according to the ungrate 

death, he was appointed a member of the privy council. information of my cousin Bally Craboy, of "home I wold not have 

/ , - . r , . , ... ft. v n expected any such thing, hath informed your lordship of the bussy- 

On the breaking out of the rebellion in the following ne !; s which may be hath induced you to conceive some harsh opinion 

year, he received a commission from the Irish govern- ofme. Wherefore, I intreat your lordship not onlie to perswade 

ment, and SOOn afterwards from the kins; to be colonel of your selfe of the contrarie, but also the Gennerall ; and intrente him 

loco foot and five troops of horse, the greater part of S^ r ^ c ^ t ] SK;^T^U^^^U < Sw 

which he raised, equipped, and for one year supported at ^ to my gr i e f f or my cousines miscarage) that he hath extreamlie 

an expense of ;lOOO. With these forces he joined col. wronged me, and neglected his owne duety, else let not my name be 



same was resigned to him and confirmation gotten f* his Majesty (as I think is most probable) of 
whether the Ld Leicester? (I think his name was so) whom both K. and Parliament appointed to be 
General of the British army, renewed the commission to his Lo p , I cannot tell, but I may avow that 
it was his Lo p ' 8 due to have the command, because his father raised and many months maintained his 
own troop of horse and regm' of foot in Newtown and Donaghadee parishes, and in and about Comer 
town, by laying out his own money and engaging his credit, and by help of his tenants, whom he 
gave allowance in rent for it, and by the preys of cows w h he took from the enemy. 8 I presume his 
late Lo p had a certificate (P" the L d Chichestei? and J. Conway, 10 c., to whom the \J* Justices referred 

inscrybed amongs these of Cavileiris. So earnestlie desyreing the 
continuance of your lordshipis favouris, I rest, my lord, your lord- 
shipis most humble servant and cousine, 

" Newtowne, the 6th December, 1642. " MONTGOMERIE. 

" I intreate your lordship that this letter to my vncle may be 
gotten sent to him with all possible dliligence, and the best saftie can be. 

" For the right honorable and his verie good lord, my lord the 
Earle of Eglintowne. These present." 

Eraser's Memorials, vol. i., p. 259. The " Bally Craboy" 
of this letter was lieu. -col. John Montgomery of Black- 
house in Largs, and of Creboy or Craigbuy, in the parish 
of Donaghadee. The third viscount Montgomery here 
calls him cousin, because their grandmothers, Elizabeth 
and Christian Shaw, were sisters. Their grandfathers, 
the first viscount, and Patrick Montgomery of Creboy, 
were not cousins, but brothers-in-law. Fraser (Memo- 
rials, vol. i., p. 259,) errs in supposing this letter to 
to have been written by the second viscount. It must have 
been written by the third viscount at least three weeks 
after his father's death. 

i Lord Leicester. This was Robert Sidney, earl of 
Leicester, nephew of sir Philip and grandson of sir Henry 
Sidney. He was appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland, 
and general of the British forces in this country, by patent 
dated I4th June, 1642, but his commission was withdrawn, 
when he had reached Chester, on his way to Ireland, the 
kingdeclaring that Sidney enjoyed his royal confidence, but 
that the condition of Ireland then required the appoint- 
ment of an Irish peer. Leicester having gone from Chester 
to Oxford, where he remained for a time with the king, 
was reported to the Parliament as a delinquent and 
papist, and his estates, in consequence, were about to be 
sequestered. His countess, Elizabeth Egerton, a daughter 
of the earl of Bridgewater, having explained the circum- 
stances of his going to Oxford, in a memorial presented to 
the parliament, through her brother, the duke of Nor- 
thumberland, his estates were allowed to remain in the 
possession of the family. See Letters and Memorials of 
State, edited by Collins, vol. i., pp. 130, 176. 

8 Took from the enemy. This "prey of cows" was 
obtained in a raid against the Irish, commenced on the 
28th of April, 1642, and conducted principally by a party 
of 1600 Scottish soldiers under the command of general 
Robert Monro, assisted by Ulster forces commanded by 
lords Conway, Ards, Claneboy, Grandison, and Chi- 
chester, "in all," says Monro, in a despatch to general 
Leslie, "about 3400 in two divisions." This force 
marched as far as Newry, sweeping all opposing insurgents 
before it, and returning to Carrickfergus through Lecale 
and Kinelearty, with a large amount of spoil, among 
which was a multitude of cattle. As many as four 
thousand cows were taken from the territories of Magenis 

and Macartan, but when the soldiers came to divide the 
booty, on their return, on the I2th of May, the English 
charged the Scots with having stolen and appropriated the 
greater portion of the cattle, during the march. In a 
curious and valuable account of this expedition, written 
by one Roger Pike, an Englishman, the writer has the 
following bitter reflection on this affair: "The next 
day, when the cows were to be divided, many of them 
were stolen away into the Ards and Clandeboys the last 
night, and the goods so sneakt away by the Scots that 
the English troopes got just nothing, and the English 
foote very little, which gave them too just a cause to 
mutany, in so much as I think it will be hard to get them 
out to march with the Scots againe, who will have both 
the credit and profit of whatsoever is done or had. " The 
reader may see Pike's Letter reprinted entire, with 
illustrative passages from Monro's Despatches and major 
Turner's Memoirs, in the Ulster yourna I of Archeology, 
vol. viii., pp. TJ-&J. The "preys of cows" mentioned in 
the text had been evidently detached from the vast herd 
above mentioned. Pike was under the impression that 
whilst the Scots "sneakt away" with the goods, the most of 
the cows found their way into the Ardes and Clandeboye. 

9 Lord Chichester. This was Edward Chichester, who 
inherited the estates of his brother, sir Arthur. The 
title, which became extinct on the death of the latter, was 
revived in favour of sir Edward, who was granted the 
additional title of viscount Chichester of Carrickfergus. 
He succeeded his brother also as governor of Carrick- 
fergus, governor of Culmore,. admiral of Lough Neagh, 
and member of the Privy Council. Lord Chichester died in 
1648, and was buried in Eggesford Church, Devon, beside 
his first wife, who was a daughter of sir John Coplestone of 
Eggesford. On his monument, prepared by himself, but 
completed by his son, is this inscription : 

In Memory . 

of Edward, Lord Viscount Chichester, 
and dame Anne, his wife; and in hum- 
ble acknowledgment of the good provi- 
dence of God in advancing their House. 
Famed Arthur, Ireland's dread in arms ; in peace 

Her tut'lar genius ; Belfast's honour won : 
Edward and Anne, blebt pair, begot increase 

Of lands and heirs, viscount was grafted on, 
Next Arthur, in God's cause and king's, staked all, 
And had to's honour, added Donegal. 

The last-named Arthur was Edward's eldest son, and be- 
came first earl of Donegal in 1647. He is frequently 
mentioned in connexion with the civil and military affairs 
of Ulster, from 1661 to 1674, the year of his death. 
Lodge, Peerage, ed. by Archdall, vol. i. , pp. 329, 330, 333. 

10 J. Conway. We can find no J. Comwy in Ulster at 
the time referred to in the text. Sir Fulk Conway, the 


the examination and report of his Lo p ' g petition, concerning his expenses for the publick, that for 
the levying, arming, and subsisting his regm*- and troop the first year, it cost his Lo p above ^"1000 
(for Sir J. Montgomery had the like certificate for himself,) and that those sums were due unto them 
from the K. and kingdom, the preservation of this part of the country depending on such supplies 
and actions; 11 and likewise his Lo p deserved that honor and command because he had run many 
hazards of his life, to be an example and encouragement to his followers and others of the nobility 

founder of the family in Ulster bearing this surname, died 
in 1624, and was succeeded by his brother Edward, who 
was then 50 years of age. The latter had been knighted 
by the earl of Essex, in the year 1596, at Cadiz, where he 
was in command of an infantry regiment. The same year 
in which he succeeded to his brother's vast estates he was 
appointed one of the principal secretaries of state, and 
created baron Conway of Ragly, in Warwickshire. In 
the following year he was created, by Charles I. , viscount 
Conway of Conway Castle, in Wales. Although twice 
appointed to the office of secretary, James I. used to say 
of him that he could "neither read nor write," and 
Clarendon wrote of him that he had performed the duties 
of that high trust " with notable insufficiency." He died 
in 1630, and was succeeded by his son, also named 
Edward, the second viscount, who died in 1655- The 
son ot the latter, also Edward, was created earl of 
Conway in 1679, and died in 1683. See Inquisitions, An- 
trim, no. 7 Jac. I. ; nos. I and 2 Car I. ; no. 2 Car. II. ; 
Rawdon Papers, pp. 181, 185, notes. Probably J. Conway 
mentioned in the text is a misprint for H. Conway, a well- 
known gentleman in Ulster at the time referred to by the 
author. He is mentioned in the following passage of 
O'Mellan's Joiirnal of the Irish Wars of 1641 :- -" Sir 
Felim made an expedition to Bellaghy. He sent a mes- 
senger to demand the town from Mr. Conway, but he re- 
fused to capitulate. The town was then entirely burnt, 
together with the hagyards. The master at length sur- 
rendered, on condition of being sent safe across the Bann to 
Massareene. Then were burnt the manor house of Bellaghy, 
and the town of sir William Nugent, and on the same day 
the manor house of Magherafelt. " Mr. Conway, mentioned 
injthe above passageof O'Mellan's_/Wr;/rt/, was Henry Con- 
way. The following account of this transaction is given 
by the late Charles H. O'Neill, esq. , in his Papers on the 
O'Neills of Clannaboy, from the MS. Deposition of the 
Rev. Charles Anthony of Bellaghy, dated I2th June, 1642, 
preserved in Trinity College, Dublin. Mr. Anthony stated 
that, " on the breaking out of the rebellion in 1641, the in- 
habitants of Bellaghy rose in arms for their own defence, by 
the persuasion of Henry Conway, esq., who lived in the 
castle. The inhabitants repaired to the castle, and several 
of Magherafelt likewise. Henry Conway obliged all 
these to take the oath of allegiance. That Conway was 
playing a double game, for, while he appeared resolved in 
these preparations, he carried on secretly a correspondence 
with Anthony O'Mullan and the O'Hagans, all of whom 
were rebels. The object was that he, Conway, might be 
permitted to cany off certain valuables without molesta- 
tion, if he would deliver up the castle. A parley was 
held, Mr. Thomas Dawson acting for the besieged, and 
O'Hagan and sir Felim O'Neill for the rebels, in which 
it was agreed to deliver up the castle, on condition of 

marching out with liberty and goods, but that, as soon as 
Conway had got off with his trunks, the rest were plun- 
dered, and the town and castle burned." 

11 Supplies and actions. The following letters, written 
by the third viscount Montgomery, soon after the com- 
mencement of the rebellion, when he was only twenty 
years of age, have never been printed, and are very curious 
and interesting illustrations of the text. The originals are 
preserved among the Carte MSS. , in the Bodleian Library, 
Oxford : 

up of this Rebellion and receaving of advertissement from the Bishop 
of Downe, Captain Chichester, Mr. Arthur Hill, and others, that the 
Town of Lisnegarvy was threatened to be pillaged and burnt by the 
Rebells, whoe had resolved, that being done, to have marched for- 
ward to Belfast and Carrigfergus, I drew the country together an d 
marched up towards Lisnegarvy for securing of that place, which is 
a mayne passage both to the County of Antrym and to the County 
of Downe, where after meetting with Captain Chichester, Sir Arthur 
Tyringhame and Sir Thomas Lucas, and having receaved the Lords 
Justices' Commissioner, it was thought fitt that a garrisone should 
be established there and the like at some other place. Soon after 
both my Brother Sir James and myself returned home to take order 
for securing the best we could the rest of the countrey, since which 
tyme we have been in perpetuall actione sometymes in one parte of 
the county and sometymes in another, and have kept a forte at our 
owne charges, three or four hundred foote and two or three troupes 
of Horse, besides the drawing together oftymes of our whole tenantry. 
My Lord, if we had not been thus Imployed I would not have soe 
far overseen myself as not to have acquented the Lords Justices or 
your Lordship with the estate of those parts and our wants, which 
were well seen to Sir Thomas Lucas whoe I do assure myself has 
made a true relatione to the Lords Justices in what state we are in, 
which made me confident that their Lordships would have long be- 
fore this supplied us with Armes and ammunitions. But perceaving 
that no armes is comeing here to us, and having receaved His Ma- 
jestie's Commissione both for myself and my Brother we have thought 
fitt to acquent my Lords the Justices, and state in what case we 
stand here, which is for the present more dangerous nor ever it was 
by the accessione of Sir Phelemy O'Neall, who has now joined with 
Sir Con Magenis and the rest of the Natives in this County, and 
likewise have sent by this gentleman the copy, etc., of our Commis- 
sione, both to the Lords Justices and to your Lordship from whom 
we expect present supplyes to be sent to us by this bearer Mr. Johne 
Galbraith, Both of moneys, armes and ammunition, In some reason- 
able proportione according to the charges-we have. My Lord, this 
Gentleman is able to give your Lordship a full relation of the state of 
this countrey and in what case we are ourselves. I dare bouldly say 
it unto your Lordship that the charges we have hitherto borne, being 
upon such a suddent, has soe exhausted us that we are no longer 
able to indure it. Besides that there is no rent to be had now from 
our people at this tyme. Your Lordship has alwise been my most 
Noble friend, and now my Brother and I both must rely upon your 
favour to us, Being hopefull that your Lordship will earnestly move 
that this bearer may be despatched with supply unto us as is desired. 
What further concerns me or my Brother I shall intreat your Lord- 
ship to receive it from this gentleman In whome I do repose abso- 
lute trust. And soe, assuring myself of the the Continuance of your 
Lordships favour to him whoe shall ever be knowen for Your Lord- 
ship's most affectionate and humble servant, 


" Newtone the sth of deer. 1641." 

" For the Right honble and very good Lord my Lord, the Erie 
of Ormond These presents. 
Vol. ii., formerly marked " B" folio, p. 84. 



in Ulster; but however that was, his young Lo p the 3d Visct. became thereby to be youngest, and 
his uncle, Sr. Jas. M. to be the eldest ColoneJ, who was now entitled (as I was confidently told) to 
have the chair as president in all councils of war, before the Ld. Claneboy, Chichester, Con way, and 
Lo p , Sr. Jo. Clotworthys, 12 and Sr. Robert Stewart, Audley Mervins,^ and all other Colonels in 

" MY MOST HONORED LORD Within two days after Mr. Galbraithes 
returne to me I had sent me from Scotland soe many picked muskatts 
and Bandilows as compleatlie armed my Regiment, But to my extra- 
ordinary charge, I have likewise to this tyme maintained my Regi- 
ment of foote and three troupes of horse at my owne proper cost and 
charge, without burlhene to any man's lar.des whatsoever, except my 
owne, of which I have at least a thousand pound a yeare waisted by 
the Rebelles, who I have all this tyme opposed to the uttermost of 
my power, and I thanke god with good successe, and have under 
god been the preserver hitherto of the Baronie of the Ardes, and so 
muche of the Baronie of Comber as lyes on the north syde of the 
River of Comber, between Belfast and Comber. My brother Sir 
James has lykwise to his great charge provided his Regiment with 
armes. And now my Lord if we have some supplies of moneyes I 
wold most willinglie goe to the fielder ; and indeavour to do the best 
service I could against the enemye who have kept me reasonable 
busie all this Wynter, and yet durst never attempt my garrisone 
though in the nighttyme they gave me many allarumes by burning 
and waisting of the countrey and killing of some poore people be- 
tween a myle and a myle and a half to my garrisone, for whose re- 
lieffwe often sallied out upon the enemye, But could not doe much 
good upon them at so unseasonable tymes, as they made choyce of 
so acting their villanie, for our fright. I must humbly intreat your 
Lop. to moderate with my lordes the Justices on my behalf and my 
brothers, that their Ips. may be pleased to wryte earnestlie into Eng- 
land both to His Majtie and the parliament that we may be supplied, 
and the charges we have been at for armes and amunition refunded 
unto us, and our paie ascertained unto us in that measure as others 
who are to serve in this warre which I am verie hopefull their lops 
will pleased condiscend unto. My lord I must next intreate you 
that if any informacions have been made unto my Lordes the Justices, 
which shall come to your Lop's knowledge, or to your lop. against 
my Brother Sir James Montgomerie that you will be pleased not to 
give beleift'unto them, until he be heard, for I dare upon my honor 
assure you Lop. that they will be found groundless, proceeding from 
malice rather than any thing eliis, and that he will be abill to 
give a good accountt of himself. As for myself I defy the greatest 
unfriend I have to inform any thing against me ; The last is to give 
your Lop. humble thankes for yor noble favour in suppleing me with 
that hundreth pound which Mr. Galbraith receaved at your com- 
mand, for which I send your lop. here incloased my bill, till such 
tyme as moneyes be somewhat more plentiful! with mee, Intreating 
your lop. to beleive that to the uttermost of my power and fortune I 
shall never be wanting to express my self Your Lopps most affec- 
tionate Servant, "MONTGOMERIE. 

" Newton, the 24th of Marche 1641. 

"PoST. My lord I may not forgett to give your lop. humble 
thankes for one George Montsomerie, a kinsman of myne, whom 
yor lop. has been pleased to profarre as Ensyne to Lieutenent Colo- 
nell Stirling, I shall intreate that as your lop. fyndes the young 
gentleman to deserve that your lop. will be pleased to take him in 
your care for further preferrment. 

" For the Right honorable and verie good Lord my Lord the 
Earle of Ormonde These present with my humble seivice." 
Vol. iii., formerly marked " C" folio, p. 289. 

12 Sir John Clbtworthys. Among the fortune-seekers 
who came to Ulster with the earl of Essex in 1573, were 
two brothers, Hugh and Lewis Clotworthy, from Somer- 
setshire. The name of the latter is only mentioned in 
connexion with a grant obtained by him from the crown, 
on the nth May, 1605, constituting him licenser and re- 
ceiver of customs from all vessels coming to fish off the 
Irish coasts. His elder brother, Hugh, in the year 1603, 
was doing garrison duty in Carrickfergus, under the com- 
mand of sir Arthur Chichester, who had previously been 
appointed governor of that place, and who, although a 
host in himself, had the assistance and counsel, also, of 
such men as Fulk Conway, Moyses Hill, Roger Lang- 
ford, Henry Upton, and Edward Rowley. These men 

founded the families of Massereene, Donegal, Temple- 
more, Hertford, Downshire, Langford, and Templetown. 
In 1605, captain Hugh Clotworthy obtained a grant of the 
lands of Masserine, which had previously belonged in part 
to the church, and partly to the great family of O'Xeill 
of Killultagh. In the following year he settled on this 
estate, built a moated house on the site occupied by the 
present castle, and took to wife, Mary, the daughter of his 
neighbour, Roger Langford, of Muckamore. By her he had 
a family of three sons, viz., sir John Clotworthy, mentioned 
in the text; James, of Moneymore, in the county of Lon- 
donderry ; and Francis, who married the widow of 
Thomas Clotworthy, of Ballysaggart, in the county of 
Tyrone, and by her left two sons, named Hugh and John. 
James, the second son of sir Hugh Clotworthy, left one 
child, a daughter named Mary, who married lord Robert 
Fitzgerald, and from whom, through her son, who became 
nineteenth earl of Kildare, is descended the present duke 
of Leinster. Sir Hugh Clotworthy's only daughter, Mary, 
became the wife of captain Upton of Templepatrick, and 
from her is lineally descended the present lord Templeton. 
Sir John, the eldest son of sir Hugh, was created, -by 
patent dated 2 1st Nov., 1660, baron of Loughneagh and 
viscount Massereene. He had previously received several 
lucrative preferments at the hands of James I., Charles I., 
and the Protector (Oliver Cromwell). Among these may 
be mentioned a licence to him and his brother James, 
granted by the crown on the 5th of July, 1616, to keep 
taverns and sell wine and spirituous liquors in Newry 
and all places throughout the county of Down, excepting 
Downpatrick and a mile around it, and the lands of the 
archbishop of Armagh, in Down County; also in all 
places throughout the county of Antrim, excepting the 
towns of Dunluce and two miles round, Belfast, and 
Masserey ; and also in Ardee and its liberties in Louth 
county. Pat. Rolls, James /., pp. 302, 303. 

13 Audley Mcrvins. Audley Mervyn or Mervin was son 
of captain James Mervyn, who obtained four proportions 
of escheated land in the county of Tyrone, known as 
the Braid, Fentonagh, Edergoule, and C'arranvrackan, 
containing, in all, upwards of 6,000 acres. Morrin's 
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Charles /, p. 577. For an 
account of captain Mervyn's litigation with the bishop of 
Clogher, see The Sfottiswoode Miscellany, vol. i., pp. 143, 
144. His son Audley, mentioned in the text, was distin- 
guished both as a soldier and a lawyer. In 1640, whilst a 
captain and a member of the Irish Parliament, he was em- 
ployed to bring up an impeachment from the Commons 
to the House of Lords against sir Richard Bolton, lord 
chancellor ; Dr. John Bramhall, bishop of Deny ; sir Ger- 
rard Lowther, chief-justice of the common pleas, and sir 
Geo. Radcliffe. Mervyn was a very active officer against 
the Irish during the war that succeeded the rebellion of 
1641. He was soon promoted to the rank of colonel, 
and was one of the four officers sent to the king at Oxford 
to solicit succours for Ireland. At the Restoration he 
was knighted, and appointed first serjeant-at-law, and 


Ulster, except Col. Monk, who afterwards (by ordin ce of Parliament) was made governor of this 
province (there being no governors of countys during the rebellion and usurping times). What benefit 
(senority or eldership) in commission brings, is seen in the late reductions of affairs, wh u the young'* 
Captains are thrown out (who perhaps were the stoutest, because never in danger) and the weary, 
old beaten commanders continued in pay. 

I now presume to give the reader an account of the occurrences concerning our British forces 
(before I rehearse our worthy 3d Visct.'s actions;) in prosecution hereof, I will, for brevitie's sake, 
only name papers as followeth, viz. Imprimis, a copy of commissions granted under the signet at 
Edinburgh, the i6th of Nov. 17 Car. A.D. 1641 silicet. 

To the Ld. Visct. of Ardes, 1000 and 5 troops horse. 

Sr.Willim. Stewart, 1000 and i do. 

Sr. Robt. Stewart, 1000 and I do. 

Sr. J. M. 1 * looo and I do. 

Sr. Willm. Cole/s 500 

speaker of the Irish House of Commons. Besides the 
Impeachment Speech on the 4th of March, 1640, pub- 
lished at Dublin, 4to, 1641, he published the following: 
I. A Speech in the House of Lords, May 24, 1641, on a 
dispute whether the House of Lords in Ireland had power 
of judicature in capital cases ; 4to, Dublin, 1641. 2. An 
Exact Relation of all such occurrences as have happened 
in the several counties of Donegall, Londonderry, Tyrone, 
and Fermanagh, presented to the House of Commons of 
England; 4to, London, 1642. 3. A Speech on the nth 
of May, 1 66 1, in the House of Lords, when he was pre- 
sented Speaker by the Commons, before sir Maurice 
Eustace, knight, lord chancellor of Ireland, Roger, earl 
of Orrery, and Charles, earl of Mountrath, lords justices 
of Ireland; 4to, Dublin, 1661. 4. A Speech to the Duke 
of Ormond in the Presence Chamber of the Castle of 
Dublin, agth July, 1662; 4to, Dublin, 1662. 5. A Speech 
to the Duke of Ormond on the I3th of February, 1662, in 
the Presence Chamber of the Castle of Dublin; 4to, 
Dublin, 1662 ; 4to, London, 1663. This last-named 
speech, which is of great length, is principally in reference 
to the Act of Settlement. See Ware's Works, edited by 
Harris, vol. ii., pp. 162, 163. Sir Richard Cox eulogises 
Mervyn's speeches, but Carte (Life of Ormond, vol. ii. , 
pp. 231, 237), describes him as "a confident, verbose, 
pompous pretender to oratory," and as having a "quaint, 
tropical, unintelligible manner of haranguing." Carte is 
also very severe in his remarks on Mervyn's personal 
character. See Life of Ormond, vol. ii. , p. 230. 

** Sir y. M. Sir James Montgomery of Rosemount. 

j s Sir Willm. Cole. Captain, afterwards sir William 
Cole, settled in Fermanagh about the year 1607. Re- 
specting his settlement at Enniskillen, see Calendar of 
Patent Rolls of James I. , pp. 215 , 232 <; Pynnar's Survey 
of Ulster, in Harris's Hibernica, pp. 167 169 ; Morrin's 
Calendar, reign of Charles /., p. 452 ; Lodge, Peerage of 
Ireland, edited by Archdall, vol. vi., pp. 43, 44. In 
1641, sir William Cole, by almost superhuman exertions, 
saved the county of Fermanagh from the massacre and 
desolation which overspread neighbouring counties, and 
which, at one crisis, appeared to be the inevitable doom 

of his own. Throughout the lengthened struggle that fol- 
lowed, he was one of the bravest and most efficient of the 
military leaders on the side of the Government. A very 
interesting letter, written by sir William Cole, at an 
eventful crisis of the war, was printed in a small quarto 
pamphlet of 24 pages, which is now very rare. This 
tract, entitled The Irish Cabinet, was issued by order of 
the English Commons, 2Oth January, 1645, and contained 
copies of papers found in the carriage of the Roman 
Catholic or titular archbishop of Tuam, who was slain 
near Sligo in that year. The following is the letter to 
which we refer, and for a copy of which we are indebted 
to J. W. Hanna, Esq. : 

" Sir William Cole, upon Sunday morning, Novemb. 23, received 
a letter from Sir Charles Coot, Lord President of Connaught, who, 
to satisfie his Lordship's desires, commanded his troop to march unto 
him, to be at Sligo on Thursday night, Novemb. 27, to join in some 
expedition by his Lordship's orders, against the rebels in that 

" The greatest part of his Troop with their horses were then in the 
Island of Baawe (now Boa Island), sixteen miles northward from 
Iniskilline, who, upon his notice, did march away upon Monday, 
Nov. 24, together with almost all the foot-soldiers of two companies 
of his regiment that quartered with their cattle, and many of the 
cows of Iniskilline in that Island, unto Bellashanone, which was their 
place of rendezvouz. 

" The Cornet of that Troop, upon Tuesday, Novemb. 25, with 
about seventy Horsemen, marched from Iniskilline to the westward 
of Loughern, with resolution to lodge that night by the way, within 
fifteen miles of Sligo ; but a little snow falling, altered their deter- 
mination, and so took their course to Ballashannone without appoint- 
ment. God, in his high Providence, for the advancement of his own 
glory, and our good, directing them thither, where, as soon as 
they got their horses shod, they were still hastening towards Sligp, 
whither sundry of their foot-companies aforesaid on horseback rid 
before them. And a great part of the Troop were advanced as far as 
Bundrowes, where the alarm overtook them, with orders to return to 
resist the enemy, to the number of four or five hundred men of Owin 
Mac Artes army, under the conduct of several Captains, led by 
RouryMacGuirein chief, who, upon Wednesday morning, Novemb. 
26, being provided with two of our own boats by the treachery of 
one Bryan O'Harran and others of our bosome snakes, protected 
Synons, and entered the said Island of Baawe at the south end of it- 
and was burning, spoiling, preying their goods, wherein they pre, 
vailed, even to the stripping naked of all our women, plundering and 
taking theirs and our then-absent soldiers clothes, victuals, and arms 

"That party of our Horsemen speedily returning to Bellashanone, 



Sr. Ralp Gore, Ifi 500 foot. 

And these were obtained at the Ld. Visct's and Sr. J. Montgomery's instances and recom- 
mendations (wherein Sr. Jas. appears mindful of his 2 fathers-in-law 1 ? and friends) as is evident by 
the Secretary's letter to him, dated 26th of said month, and sent with the commissioners, by Mr. 
Galbraith aforesV 8 the original commission, 2do. f m (the Lds. Justices of Ireland) Sr. Wm. 

whence, with the Cornet, the rest of the said Troop, some of the 
foot-soldiers on horseback, and Captain John Folliot, accompanied 
with as many Horsemen as he could make, hastned towards the 
north end of that Island, which is distant from the south end thereof 
three English miles. But the enemy having driven the prey of cows, 
horses, and mares forth at the south end, our horsemen with Captain 
Folliot followed by Termon-Castle, whence they marched thorow 
very inaccessible woods and boggs in the night, to the Cash (distant 
sixteen miles from Bellashanny), being the first place that they 
could guide themselves by the track of the enemy and prey, which 
they still pursued with cheerfulnesse to Lowtherstowne, where, over- 
taking them about one of the clock in the morning of Nov. 27, 1645, 
their Trumpet sounding a charge, they followed it home so resolutely 
that after a fierce connection, in a short time they routed the enemy, 
and had the execution of them for a mile-and-a-half, slew many of 
them in the place, took some prisoners, rescued most part of their 
prey, recovered their own souldiers who were then the enemy's 
prisoners, with some of the Rebels' knapsacks to boot : which sudden 
and unexpected flight did so amaze Owin Mac Arte and his army, 
consisting of about two thousand foot and two hundred horse (as 
prisoners do inform), who, after they had made their bravado on the 
top of an hill within a mile of Iniskilline, in the evening of Nov. 26, 
to keep the town from issuing forth to resist or stay the prey encamped 
that night at Ballenamallaght, within four miles of this town, that 
they all in a most fearful and confused manner ran away to the 
mountains so vehemently scared and affrighted that their van thought 
their own rere were my Troops, and their rere likewise imagined (those 
that escaped the fight by flight from Lowtherstown) to have been also 
my party that pursued them ; whereby their mantles, clothes, and all 
that could be an impediment to their more speedie flight, were cast 
upon the ground, and left behind them ; and so continued until they 
passed the mountain of Slewbagha into the county of Monaghan, 
where they are quartered upon the county creaghts, which lies from 
Arthur Blayney's house, and from Monaghan Duffe, near the town 
of Monaghan, all along to Droghedah, consisting of the banished 

Edw. Grahame's that was shot and killed under him. And having 
put the said prey again into the said Island, upon Nov. 28, they 
marched to Bellashanny, whence again they came home to Iniskilline 
on the north side of Logherne, the 3Oth of Nov., 1645. 

"Among those that were slain, the grand son of Sir Tirlagh Mac 
Henry 3 Neal was one. 

" One Captain killed, two Lieutenants killed. And I find there is 
some man of more eminent note than any of these killed, but as yet 
cannot learn certainly who it is. Lieutenant Tirlagh 6 Moylan, of 
Captain Awney 6 Caghan's company, taken prisoner, who, upon exa- 
mination, saith that Inchiquin hath given a great blowe of late unto 
Castlehayen and Preston in their quarters near Yoghel, and also saith 
that the intent of this army was that if they could come off with our 
said prey without check, they purposed then to have besieged this 
town, and according as fortune favoured them, to have proceeded 
against the Lagan and other places in Ulster. 

"And yet I find by the answers of some others of the prisoners, 
that by direction from the supreme Council of Ireland, this army of 
Owin Mac Artes are to serve in nature of a running party to weaken 
our forces of Iniskilline, Laggan, and Clanebyes, by sudden incur- 
sions to kill, spoil, and prey us upon all occasions of advantage, 
according as by their successes therein they shall assume encourage- 
ment to themselves to go forwards against us, but especially against 
Iniskilline, which they conceive is worst able to resist their attempts. 
Captain Folliot had sixteen horsemen, with four of Mannor Hamil- 
ton's men, and four of Castle Termon horsemen, that joined very 
fortunately in the service with my Troop; for which God Almighty 
be ever glorified and praised by " WILLIAM COLE," 

16 Sir Ralp Gore. This officer was eldest son of captain 
Paul Gore, an undertaker of escheated lands in Fermanagh 
and Donegal. In Fermanagh he held the proportion called 

Carrick, containing 1000 acres, and in Donegal, the pro- 
portion of Dromnenagh, also containing 1000 acres. 
Pynnar's Survey, in Harris's Hibernica pp. 168, 190. 
Captain Gore claimed arrears from the crown for certain 
expenses incurred by him for the public service, and ob- 
tained remuneration by the novel expedient specified in 
the following passage: "There was an act of Council 
made in the year 1606, restraining the use of that barbarous 
custom of drawing ploughs and carriages by horses' tails, 
upon pain of forfeiting, for the first year's offence, one 
garron, for the second two, and for the third the whole 
team. Notwithstanding, this was not put in execution for 
almost five years after; and yet the fault not amended, 
until that in the year 161 1, Captain Paul Gore, demanding 
seven or eight score pounds, due unto him from his 
majesty, for pay of certain soldiers entertained by him upon 
the lord deputy's warrant, did for that and other extra- 
ordinary services, in the time of O'Dogherty's rebellion, 
desire the benefit of this penalty for one year, in one or 
two counties and no more; which the lord deputy was con- 
tented to grant, limiting him to ten shillings Irish for each 
plough so offending. In the year 1612, the lord deputy 
ordered to have the said penalty levied within the whole 
province of Ulster, at the rate of IDS. English, upon every 
plough drawn as aforesaid, and the money so raised, amount- 
ing to ,870, was employed to public uses. In the year 1613, 
the penalty of ros. English hath been taken up to the use 
of Sir William Uvedall, by letters patent, reserving a rent 
of ;ioo yearly, the profits whereof this year, within the 
province of Ulster, amount to 800 sterling, although we 
are informed the charge on the people is much more. 
Although divers of the natives pretend a necessity to con- 
tinue the said manner of ploughing, as more fit for stony 
and mountainous grounds; yet we are of opinion that it is 
not fit to be continued, being condemned by the English 
inhabiting those parts, as an uncivil and unprofitable 
custom." Roll of Patents, 16 James I., part iii./, printed 
in Calendar cf Patent Rolls, Jac. I., p. 399 b. In 1620, 
captain Gore's son, sir Ralph, obtained a royal grant of 
the lands of Dromnenagh, together with six quarters and 
a half in the same county, containing 960 acres. Morrin's 
Calendar of Patent Rolls of Charles /., p. 481. This 
family is at present represented by the owner of Manor 
Gore, county of Donegal. 

*? Fathers-in-law. Sir James Montgomery's two fathers- 
in-law here alluded to were sir William Stewart and sir 
William Cole. 

18 Mr. Galbraith aforesd. This officer's name was 
John Galbraith, and to him frequent reference is made in 
the letters of sir James Montgomery, and of his nephew, 
the third viscount. Although Galbraith's name must have 
been previously introduced by the author, the passage in 
which it was mentioned has been lost. Several persons 
of this surname settled in the county of Tyrone during 
the earlier part of the seventeenth century. Buchanan of 



Parsons 1 ? and Sr. Jno. Burlace, 20 signed by them and the Lds. Moore 21 and Dillon, 22 and many 

Auchmar concludes his notice of the Galbraiths of Scotland 
with the following remark : "The only remaining family 
of that name being Culcruich, Galbraith, laird thereof, fell 
into such bad circumstances, in King Charles I. his time, 
as obliged him to pass his estate and go to Ireland, where 
his posterity are in very good circumstances. Galbraith 
of Balgair is now representative of the family, Balgair's 
ancestor being a son of that family." Ancient Scottish 
Surnames, p. 174. The editor of the Spottiswoode Mis- 
cellany, vol. i.,p. 1 14, note, says "A younger branch of the 
Galbraiths of Balgair, in Stirlingshire, settled in Ireland, 
and acquired considerable landed property. About the 
beginning of the present century, the elder branch (in 
Scotland) failed, and the estate, which was under the 
entail, was successfully claimed by the heir male of a 
Major Galbraith, who lived in the reign of William III." 
Perhaps the individual, Major John Galbraith, referred to 
in the text was the original settler (in Ireland). On their 
coming first to Tyrone, William and Humphrey Galbraith 
were engaged, for a time, in the service of Spottiswoode, 
bishop of Clogher, whilst James appears to have followed 
the military profession, and Robert was probably an under- 
taker of land. The two former, in espousing the bishop's 
numerous quarrels with his neighbours, were involved in 
serious difficulties and dangers. In the discharge of their 
duties as his agents, they were required to seize and sell four 
horses belonging to sir John Wimbes (or Weymss), the 
sheriff of Fermanagh. Soon afterwards, sir John overtook 
them whilst making a similar seizure from his father-in- 
law, lord Balfour, and, " incensed with the indignity he 
thought done him so lately, he, without any worde, att 
the very first, thrust William Galbreith through the shoul- 
der with a pyke, then two or three of his company gave 
him divers other wounds. Humphrey Galbraith, seeing 
his brother in this case, he called so Sir John to forbear, 
and he should have all content, to whome Sir John an- 
swered, as the bishop's servants affirmed 'Devill have 
my soul if we part so' whereupon Humphrey grappled 
with Sir John, and while they were wrestling in a dirty 
bog one David Balfour wounded Humphrey in divers 
places. Humphrey laying his accompt his brother was 
killed, and himself could not escape, he tooke hold of a 
long skeen that was about Sir John Wimbes, and there- 
with did give him a deadly wound." This encounter, re- 
sulting in the death of sir John Wimbes, involved the Gal- 
braiths in great and protracted dangers, from which, how- 
ever, they eventually escaped. Spottiswoode Miscellany, 
vol. i., p. 114. Humphrey and Robert Galbraith held 
the following lands in the barony of Raphoe, county of 
Donegal, viz., the quarter lands of Corkagh, Lebindish, 
Lisglamerty, Ruskey, and Garrmore, together with the 
town and lands of Carrickballyduffe, containing 10 bally- 
boes, in all 700 acres, which they sold on the 1st of May, 
1654, to sir John Calhowne, knt. and baronet. Inquisi- 
tions, Donegal, no. 3, Car. II. 

*9 Sir Wm. Parsons. Parsons first held the office of 
surveyor-general in Ireland, and while so employed, ob- 
tained large grants of land in the counties of Wicklow and 
Kildare. In 1625, he was appointed master of the Court 
of Wards and Liveries, with an annual fee of ,300. In 
1628, he received additional grants in the counties of 
Meath, Cavan, Cork, Tipperary, Limerick, and Fer- 

managh. Sir William's great grandson, sir Richard 
Parsons, was created baron Oxmantown and viscount 
Rosse, in 1681. The son of the latter was advanced to 
the earldom of Rosse in 1 7 18. " The /nimble Remonstrance 
of the Northern Catholics of Ireland new (1641) in arms 
contains the following heavy accusations against Parsons: 

'The said Sir Wm. Parsons hath been a mean to supplant 
out of their ancient possessions and inheritances many of 
the inhabitants of this realm, though of your best sub- 
jects, and servitors to the crown, upon old feigned 
titles of three hundred years past, and he thereupon pro- 
cured the disposing of their lands by way of plantation; 
but he having the survey and measuring thereof, did most 
partially and corruptly survey the same, making the best 
land waste and unprofitable in his survey, and in the ad- 
measurement did reduce more than the half of these plan- 
tations to fractions under an hundred acres, being of far 
greater measure ; of which fractions the natives, antient 
possessors thereof, were wholly defeated, and your majesty 
not answered thereout any rent or other consideration, but 
the same wholly disposed of by the said Parsons at his 
pleasure, for his private lucre and advantage, &c., &c." 
Desiderata Curiosa Hibernica, vol. ii. , p. 97. 

20 Sir Jno. Burlace. Borlace, who was master of the 
ordnance, was associated with sir Wm. Parsons in discharg- 
ing the duties of deputy, on the withdrawal of lord Dillon. 
Parsons being removed also, by revocation, dated at Ox- 
ford, 3oth March, 1643, sir Hen. Tichborne was associated 

with Borlace, by patent, dated on the following dav. 

Liber HibernitE, vol. i., part ii., p. 7. "Sir William Par- 
sons and sir John Borlase were both bitter haters of every- 
thing belonging to Catholics except their property, and it 
was the opinion of no less a person than king Charles 
himself, that but for these men's disobedience to his com- 
mands, the terrible Irish rebellion of 1641 would not at all 
have happened, or would have been quickly suppressed. 
These commands of the King were to pass the bills for the 
securing of the estates of the natives, and for confirming the 
other 'graces,' which Stafford's own biographer, Mac- 
diarmid, admits were certainly moderate, relating as they 
did to abuses arising from a defective police, to exactions 
in the court of justice, depredations committed by the 
soldiery, monopolies which tended to the ruin of trade 
retrospective enquiries into defective titles, penal statutes 
on account of religion, and other evils, for which, to bor- 
row Moore's expression, these wretched people were 
obliged to bribe their monarch." Lenihan's History of 
Limerick, pp. 148, 149. 

" Lord Moore. This was Garret Moore, son of that sir 
Edward Moore who obtained a grant from Queen Eliza- 
beth of the lands that had belonged to the abbey of Melli- 
font in the county of Louth. The grant is dated 8th of 
February, 1583, and was only given for 41 years. In 
1605, sir Garret, the son, obtained from James I. a regrant 
of his estates of Mellifont, for ever. The latter was created 
baron Moore of Mellifont in 1616, and viscount Moore of 
Drogheda in 1621. His grandson, Henry, the third vis- 
count, was created earl of Drogheda in 1668. Erck's ./?<. 
pertory of Patent Rolls of James I., p. 171; Burke's 
Peerage, p. 326. 

32 Lord Dillon. This was Robert, lord Dillon, son of 
that sir James Dillon who was advanced to the earldom 



others of the Privy Council, sealed with the Council seal, and directed to the Ld. Visct. of 
Ardes, the Ld. Visct. Claneboy, the Ld. Visct. Chichester, 2 3 Capt. Ar. Chichester, 2 * Sr. Edwd. 
Trevor, 2 * Sr. James Vaughan, 26 Sr. Ar. Teryngham, Knt. 2 7 and Sr. James Montgomery, 
Knt. (and every of them) for suppressing the Irish rebells. By which three foregoing papers you 
may observe, that the Kings Secr ty and the Lds. Justices and Council afores d were no good heraulds, 
or at least, minded not the rules of that science (as to marshaling the persons' names) in the direc- 
tion of that general commission; 28 3mo, the Lds. Justices and Council's letter, directed (only) to 
their very loving friend, Sr. J. M. Kn*. signed by them and Ormond Ossory, 2 ? with the rest of the 

of Roscommon in 1622. This lord Dillon, who became 
second earl of Roscommon, was twice included in the 
commission of lords justices of Ireland. His grandson, 
Wentworth Dillon, the fourth earl, was a distinguished 
poet. To him Pope has made the following very com- 
plimentary reference : 

" Roscommon, not more learned than good, 
With manners generous as his noble blood ; 
To him the wit of Greece and Rome was known, 
And every author's merit but his own." 

3 Ld. Visct. Chichester. Edward, younger brother and 
successor of sir Arthur. Seep. 154, supra. 

<* Capt. Ar. Chichester. This Arthur Chichester, eldest 
son of Edward, was born in 1606, and appointed captain 
of a troop of fifty horsemen in 1626. He succeeded his 
father as governor of Carrickfergus, where he was residing 
in 1641, when the rebellion began. In 1643, he was 
appointed governor of Belfast, with a grant of ^"1,000 to 
repair the fortifications thereof. When the army in Ulster, 
principally composed of Scots, renounced its allegiance to 
the king, Arthur Chichester went to Dublin, where he 
joined the marquis of Ormond, and was admitted a mem- 
ber of the privy council. Ormond, in a letter to the king, 
dated igth Jan., 1645, strongly recommends that Chichester 
should receive some mark of the royal approval as a re- 
ward for his loyalty: "He hath served your Majesty 
against the Irish rebellion since the beginning of it ; and 
when through an almost general defection of the northern 
army, he was no longer able to serve your Majesty there, 
he came with much hazard to take his share in the suffer- 
ings of your servants here, and with them to attend for 
that happy time, that (we trust) will put us in a condition 
to contribute more to your service than our prayers. If 
your Majesty shall think fit to advance this gentleman to 
an Earldom, I conceive that of Dunnegall, a county in the 
province of Ulster, wherein he should have a good 
inheritance, is fittest, which I humby offer to your Majes- 
ty's consideration." The king, by privy seal in 1646, 
and by patent in 1647, created him earl of Donegall. 
Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, edited by Archdall, vol. i., 

PP- 332334- 

2 S Edw. Trevor. See p. 132, supra. 

* Sir James Vaughan. Sir James Vaughan was son 
of captain sir John Vaughan, an undertaker of escheated 
lands called Carnegille, in the county of Donegal. Pyn- 
nar's Survey, in Harris's Hibernica, p. 188. In 1607, 
captain John Vaughan was one of a commission appointed 
for the government of the counties of Tyrone, Tirconnell, 
and Armagh. fLt&sRepertoryof Patent Rolls of James /., 
p. 415. 

27 Ar. Teryngham. In 1626, sir Arthur Terringham 
was appointed governor of the forces in the towns of 
Dundalk, Carlingford, and the Newry, the Fort of Mount 
Norris, and the Fort of Moyrie, with the disposing of all 
the shipping, boats, and vessels for his Majesty's service. 
He was also appointed a chief leader of the army in the 
absence of the lord deputy, with power to execute martial 
law within the places above mentioned, provided he put 
to death no captain or officer of the army, or other person 
having ^10 in goods, or 405. a year. Morrin's Calendar, 
Charles I. , p. 167. 

28 General commission. Only two documents have been 
yet mentioned, and in these the writers ought to have in- 
troduced the name of sir James Montgomery first as being 
the oldest colonel in that service. In neglecting to do so, 
they violated, in the author's estimation, not only the rules 
of heraldry, but of courtesy also. 

=9 Ormond Ossory. This nobleman's signature in public 
documents was Ormond Ossory, the dignity of the earldom 
of Ormond being conferred on the family in 1328, and the 
earldom of Ossory in 1527. The nobleman, mentioned 
in the text, was the twelfth earl of Ormond. In 1642, he 
was created Marquis of Ormond ; in 1666, he was 
advanced to the dukedom of Ormond in Ireland, and 
in 1682 was created duke of Ormond in England. The 
marriage of Ormond, whilst viscount Thurles, with his 
cousin, the lady Elizabeth Preston, restored to the Or- 
mond family the greater part of their estates, alienated 
from them by James I., who had assigned them to Preston, 
one of his Scottish favourites, in right of his marriage with 
the daughter of Thomas, tenth earl of Ormond. Lady 
Elizabeth Preston had been destined by James I. and the 
duke of Buckingham to be wife of Ormond's rival, the 
earl of Desmond, but Ormond's romantic wooing, com- 
mencing secretly at church, and carried forward on one 
important occasion under the guise of a pedlar, was at 
length successful. By order of the Court of Wards, 
Ormond had been educated in the Protestant faith, and 
was ever afterwards its devoted adherent Writing to sir 
Robert Southwell, in the year 1679, he says " My 
father and mother lived and died Papists, and only 
I, by God's merciful Providence, was educated in the 
Protestant religion. * * * My brothers and sisters, 
though they were not very many, were very fruitful and 
very obstinate (they will call it constant) in their way. 
Their fruitfulness hath spread into a large alliance, and 
their obstinacy hath made it altogether popish. It w d be 
no small comfort to me if it had pleased God it had been 
otherwise. " Journal of the Kilkenny and South-East of 
Ireland Archaological Society , vol. iii., p. 214; vol. iv., 
new series, p. 286. 



Privy Counsellors, sealed with the Council seal, and dated the 28th Feb y . 1641, (wherein the Vise*. 
Montg y . is mentioned to be also written to) for taking out sub n f" the country, etc. proout the same; 
4 lr , the resolves of the House of Commons in England, dated ad Aug 8 *, 1642, to give 3 mo 8 , pay to 
the 10 troops joined with the Scotish army; 5* hly , the order of the Com n of Parliam* for one month's 
pay to the British forces, dated the i6th of Sep*. 1642; 6 thly , authentick copy of the L d ' and Com- 
mons' order, to pay Sr. Jas. Montg y Coll. Hill, 30 and Coll. Mervin's 31 regm*. a certain share of the 
^14,141, 8s. 4d. out of the adventurer's money 32 for Ireland, dated die Veneris, $th Octb r , 1642, and, 
no doubt, there was the like of the Ld. of Ardes' regm*, and I find no more publick papers: ;th, Sr. 
Dan Coningham,33 of London, K*. and Bar*, his signed and sealed declaration, dated the i4th 
Augs*. 1643, expressing, that pursuant to Sr. J. M.'s letter of att y to receive for the Ld. of Ardes 
and himself their several shares of the ,14,141, 8s. 4d. of credit was only a trust; 8th, a letter 
f" 1 a Committee of the Lds. and Commons to Sr. J. M. (himself alone) expressing, and taking 
notice of, and thanking him for his special services ag* the Irish, &c. dated 27th of 7 ber , 1645. 
There may be many other authentick original papers (as the aforementioned are) extant to be 
seen. 34 

3 Coll. Hill. This was Arthur Hill, a younger son of 
sir Moses, who succeeded to the family estates on the death 
of his nephew Francis Hill, in 1637. See pp. 78, 79, supra. 
He, also, refused to act in concert with general Monro, 
in the matter of the covenant, but continued to give his 
services to the commonwealth after the cause of royalty 
had expired in Ulster. At the time of his death in 1663, 
he was the owner of large estates in the counties of Down, 
Antrim, and Louth, and in the towns of Drogheda and 

3 1 Coll. Mervin. See note 13, supra. 

3 2 Adventurers money. By an Act of Parliament (17 
Car. I. ) for the encouragement of adventurers, the rights, 
titles and interests of all lands and hereditaments belong- 
ing to rebels in Ireland on the 23rd of October, 1641, the 
day on which the rebellion commenced, were forfeited to 
the king, and were adjudged, vested, and taken to be in 
the actual and real possession of his majesty, without any 
office or inquisition thereof to be found. For reducing the 
rebels, and distributing their lands among such persons as 
should advance money, and become adventurers in the 
reduction, two millions and a half of acres were assigned 
and allotted in the following proportions, viz., each ad- 
venturer of j2oo was to have 1000 acres in Ulster; of 
^"300, 1000 acres in Connaught; of .450, 1000 acres in 
Munster; and of .600, 1000 acres in Leinster, according 
to English measure. The bogs, woods, loughs, and 
barren mountains were cast into such lands, and so added 
to each adventurer's division. Out of such lands there was 
reserved a yearly quit-rent to the crown, of one penny per 
acre in Ulster, three pence in Connaught, two pence 
farthing in Munster, and three pence in Leinster. A com- 
mission was issued for the survey of all forfeited lands, 
625,000 acres of which were measured in each province, 
and these lands were divided among adventurers by equal 
lot. Each of these allotments was returned into the court 
of chancery, and every adventurer of such allotment was 
inactual seizin or possession of his share. Every adventurer, 
of looo acres in Leinster, 1500 acres in Munster, 2000 

acres in Connaught, or 3000 acres in Ulster, had power 
by the Act to erect his lands into a manor, with court baron 
and court leet and all the other privileges of a manor, 
such as fairs, markets, cleodands, and fugitives' goods. 
The sum mentioned in the text, .14,141 8s. 4d., prob- 
ably represented the lands adventured for in Ulster. "A 
more impolitic not to say unjust measure (17 Car. I.) was 
never resorted to by any nation, as the purchase money once 
paid into the Exchequer, and unhappily it was extensively 
so paid, deprived the English rulers of the opportunity or 
power of proposing, should the occasion for so doing arise, 
acceptable conditions of accommodation to their confeder- 
ate and implacable foe. The result was a ten years' 
struggle first between Ormond, the lord lieut. and com- 
mander-in-chief of the royal army, and the confederate 
Irish party, from the 23rd Oct., 1641, to the surrender of 
Dublin, and resignation of his government and insignia of 
office into the hands of commissioners deputed by the 
English Parliament to receive them, on the i8th of June, 
1647; and next, between the representatives and forces of 
that Parliament and the same Confederate party, to the 
surrender of the provincial armies of the Irish made to 
Gen. Ludlow by Lord Muskerry and other leaders, on I2th 
May, 1652." W. H. Hardinge, Esq., in Transactions of 
Roy. Irish Academy, vol. xxiv. , pp. 382, 383. 

33 Sr. Dan Coningham. The Christian name Dan., 
here given, is probably a mistake or misprint for Daw. In 
1634, the sixth earl of Eglinton's two sons, Hugh and 
Henry, spent some time in London, on their return from 
travel. They were introduced to sir David Cunningham, 
who resided in London, and who wrote to the earl, on the 
22nd of November in that year, referring to his "right 
noble sonnes" as follows: "Dureing the short time they 
have been heer, their discreet and well-fashioned carriage 
and behaviour hathe beene such as hath gained favour and 
respect from all." Eraser's Memorials, vol. L, p. 84. 

34 Extant to be seen. These documents are probably 
still preserved among the descendants of the author in 



I shall now write of some of them, w* relate to the general procedures of the British officers (reserv- 
ing the residue to a proper place:) and ist, an authentick copy of the council of war's conclusions 
at Antrim, begun the i4th of May, 1645,35 wherein it was ist agreed by the respective Cols, under- 
named, that a president should be chosen by lot (so it is phrased) this present council of war, and 
the same to be without prejudice to any of the Col*, rights of eldership, and the lot fell unto the 
L d . Vise*, of the Ardes, to be President of the s d Council ; and so to continue unto the next general 
council; the names of the s d council were as followeth, viz. 

Hugh Lord Viscount Montgomery, President. 
James Lord Viscount Claneboy. 
Sir James Montgomery, Kn*. 
Sir Robert Stewart, Kn*. 
Audley Mervin, Esq. 

The Lieutenant-Colonels were 

Sir Joseph Cunningham,^ under Sir William Stewart. 

35 \ifk May, 1645. "About this time," says Adair, 
(Narrative, p. 127,) both British and Scotch in the coun- 
try were in great straits for want of pay from the parliament 
in England. Upon which the British officers had a meet- 
ing in Antrim, in May, 1645, and did draw up a bond of 
union, as they called it, and a protestation to be sworn 
and signed by all the officers of the army, and the oath to 
be ministered to the soldiers also, who were bound thereby 
to go wherever they should be led. This some of the 
officers did scruple at, as captain Alexander Stewart, cap- 
tain Kennedy, and others, and desired the mind of the 
Presbytery in it. " The British officers were so designated 
to distinguish them from those of the Scottish forces who 
came to Ulster in the summer of 1642, and with whom 
they generally co-operated until after the defeat at Benburb 
in 1646. They were, with few exceptions, natives of 
Ulster, being generally the sons of Scottish and English 
settlers who had obtained lands, either by grant or as 
undertakers, at the commencement of the century. Ac- 
cording to articles of agreement between the English and 
Scottish parliaments, the forces sent from Scotland in 1642 
were placed under the command of a Scotchman ; in the 
first instance, of the earl of Leven, and afterwards of 
general Robert Monro. The British forces were placed 
under the command of Ormond, the lord lieutenant, but 
as a general rule Monro directed, for a time, all military 
movements in Ulster. When the original articles were 
drawn out no mention had been made of the covenant, and 
when, afterwards, the parliament of England, to strengthen 
itself against the king, agreed with the Scottish parliament 
in imposing the covenant on the army in Ulster, the British 
officers felt as if they had been betrayed, being almost to 
a man staunch assertors of royalist sentiments. With the 
covenant, therefore, came irreconcilable divisions, which, 
although kept in check by circumstances for a time, even- 
tually caused an open rupture between the parties. The 
British officers remonstrated against the imposition of the 
covenant, and other arbitrary acts which the English par- 
liament had been induced to sanction, and the parliament 

on its part appointed a committee to come to Ulster for 
the purpose of inspecting the British forces, with a view of 
ascertaining whether they were in a sufficient state of 
organization for going on with the war, and if so, 
to conciliate their support. As soon as this committee 
announced its intention of visiting Ulster, the British 
officers met at Antrim, on the I4th of May, 1645, and en- 
tered into a bond of union with each other, and then con- 
stituted themselves a court of war "for receiving the said 
committee and propositions from the parliament, for answer- 
ing the same, and for offering to them other propositions and 
demands for redress of the past grievances of the British 
regiments, as well as providing for their future subsistence. 
To prevent all misconstruction of their proceedings, they 
declared, that they intended to do nothing destructive of 
the covenant ; that they would prosecute the war against 
the Irish till an honourable and safe peace should be con- 
cluded by the consent of the king and parliament; and if they 
were not enabled to do so, they called heaven and earth 
to witness that, it was not their fault, if they were forced to 
take any other way whatever for their preservation and 
subsistence. " The officers declared farther that " as there 
was in the province an army of the Scots nation sent over 
by capitulation with the parliament to suppress the 
rebellion of the Irish, they professed themselves ready 
to join with them for that purpose, and even to re- 
ceive, upon occasion, orders from their general. Carte's 
Life of Ormond, vol. i., pp. 533, 534. No union, 
however, was re-established between them, farther than 
to fight once more side by side against the Irish, on 
the same field, in the following year, and to sustain together 
a signal defeat at the hands of Owen Roe O'Neill. The 
parliamentary committee did not desire to see the royalists 
and covenanters united, even had there been any genuine 
ties of sympathy between them. The object of the com- 
mittee was rather to see them disunited, so that both might 
thus be the more easily made to yield to the authority of 

& Sir Joseph Cunningham, Seep. 132, supra. 



Hu. Coghran, 37 under Sir Jas. Montgomery. 

Robert Saunderson, 38 under Sir Robt. Stewart. 

Jo. Clotworthy, 39 under Sir Jas. Clotworthy. 
The Majors were 

Finlay Fevhardson 40 in the Ld. Montgomery's regt. of foot. 

Geo. Rauden, in Col. Hill's regiment of horse. 41 

Geo. Keith, 42 under Sr. Jas. Montgomery. 

37 Hu. Coghran. This was colonel Hugh Coch- 
rane of Ferguslie, near Paisley, who had served under 
Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, and also through 
all the period of the civil war in Ireland from 1641 to 1652. 
He was the fourth son of Alexander Blair, who had taken 
the name of Cochrane in compliance with the settlement 
made by his wife's father, William Cochrane of Castle- 
cochran, on the borders of Paisley and Lochwinnock 
parishes. Hugh Cochrane's grandmother was a daughter 
of sir Robert Montgomerie of Skelmorlie. He had six 
brothers, viz., John, who also served in Ireland; William, 
who became earl of Dundonald; Alexander, of Auchin- 
creuch, also a colonel in the army; sir Bryce, also a 
colonel who served in Ireland, killed in 1650; Arthur 
or Ochter, a captain; and Gavin, a captain, who re- 
sided at Craigmuir, parish of Lochwinnock, and died 
in 1701. Hugh Cochrane mentioned in the text married 
a daughter of Hugh Savage, county of Down, and by her 
had the following family, viz., I. John, of Ferguslie, 
who married Barbara, daughter of James Hamilton, a 
merchant in Glasgow, and died without issue, prior to 
1697 ; 2. William, who succeeded to Ferguslie at the death 
of his brother, and married Bethia, daughter of William 
Blair of Auchinvale; 3. Grizzel, married to Mr. Robert 
Millar, minister of Ochiltree, who was 'outed' in 1662, 
and died in 1685 ; 4. Margaret, married to John Hamilton 
of Barr, parish of Lochwinnock ; and 5. Eupham, married 
to Archibald Stewart of Newtown, in 1688. At the 
funeral of the third viscount (first earl), Hugh Cochrane 
is mentioned among the kinsmen of the deceased, but 
by what family connexion or in what degree he was so, 
the editor is unable to discover. By the Acts of Settle- 
ment and Explanation, Hugh Coghran as a 1649 officer 
obtained his arrears of pay which amounted to the sum 
of .2,754 7s I id. Fifteenth Irish Record Commission 
Report, vol. iii. , p. 289 ; Paterson, Parishes and Families 
of Ayrshire, vol. ii. , pp. 507, 508. 

3 8 Robert Saunderson. Under the Acts of Settlement 
and Explanation colonel Robt. Saunderson, as satisfaction 
for debentures, obtained 10,214 acres, 2 roods, and 30 
perches of land, statute measure, in the county of Cavan ; 
and 901 acres, o roods, 18 perches in the county of Mon- 
aghan. Inrolled 2&th June, 1 666. Fifteenth Irish Record 
Commission Report, vol. iii., p. 6l. 

33 Jo. Clotworthy. This John Clctworthy, who served 
in sir James Clotworthy's regiment, was nephew to the 
latter, being the younger son of his brother Francis. John, 
although born at Ballysaggart, county of Tyrone, settled 
at Tirgracey, a townland in the parish of Muckamore, 
near the town of Antrim. His representatives in the male 
line ended at the death of Arthur Clotworthy in 1722, 
when the mansion house with other family property was 
sold to Thomas Thomson of Muckamore. The lands 

are now included in the beautiful demesne of Greenmount 
Family MS. 

* Finlay Fevhardson. This is, no doubt, the sergeant- 
major called Finlay Ferguson, who, in 1649, was charged 
by Waterhouse Crymble with mal-appropriation of the 
customs at Donaghadee. See p. 136, supra. 

41 George Raiiden. This surname is variously spelled 
Royden, Rauden, Rowden, Rawden, and Rawdon. 
George Rawdon, mentioned in the text, was the only son 
of Francis Rawdon of Rawdon, near Leeds, and was born 
in the year 1604. He was secretary to the first lord Con- 
way, who died in 1630. By the- latter he was, probably, 
induced to settle in Ulster, where he obtained extensive 
landed property at Moira. On the breaking out of the 
rebellion in 1641, he gallantly held Lisburn against a large 
force of the Irish, under sir Phelim O'Neill. The insur- 
gents, in their retreat, burned down his then recently 
erected mansion at Brookhill, carrying away ^3,000 worth 
of chattels and plate. In 1665, he was created a baronet 
of England ; and for his many and valiant services to the 
crown, obtained large grants of lands in the counties of 
Down, Dublin, Louth, and Meath. His first wife was 
Ursula Stafford, a daughter of sir Francis Stafford of 
Portglenone, who had been previously married to Francis 
Hill of Hill-Hall. This lady died at Brookhill in 1640, 
when only thirty years of age. Sir Geo. Rawdon married, 
secondly, in 1654, Dorothy, eldest daughter of Edward, 
second viscount Conway, and sister of Edward, earl 
Conway. Sir George received large dowries by both 
his ladies. He died in 1684, in the 8oth year of his age, 
and was buried in Lisburn. Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, 
edited by Archdall, vol. iii., pp. 104-8. 

42 Geo. Keith. George Keith was probably from the 
parish of Galston, in Ayrshire, and a descendant of the gal- 
lant sir William Keith of that place, who was third son of 
the great mareschal of Scotland. Sir William Keith of 
Galston, distinguished himself as a gallant opponent of the 
English in the time of Robert I. See Paterson's Parishes 
and Families of Ayrshire, vol. ii., pp. 64, 65. The Keiths 
are traditionally said to have come to the Ards with the 
Rosses, who are known to have belonged to Galston. 
In a rental, circa 1650, capt. Keeth, Henry Keeth, and 
Mary Keeth, are named as tenants on the Montgomery 
estate, in the parish of Comber. A captain John Keeth 
was a 1649 officer, and his arrears of pay, amounting to 
_i,37o i6s. 3d., were secured to him by a grant taken 
out for him and other officers in the name of Hugh Mont- 
gomery, probably of Ballymagown. Fiftecenth Report on 
Public Records of Ireland, vol. iii., p. 303. Early in the 
eighteenth century, Elizabeth Keith, daughter of Hugh 
Keith, of the county of Down, married Thomas Knox, 
of Ballycreely, near Comber. Lodge's Peerage, edited by 
Archdall, vol. vii., p. 199. 

1 64 


James Galbraith, under Sr. Robt. Stewart. 

Theophilus Jones, 4 * under the Ld. Conway. 

The Captains, Lieutenants, and Ensigns' names, and the subaltern officers of troops and corn- 
pan 7 ' there present, I omit as too many to be here inserted. In this paper are the councill's re- 
solves, with the articles of war and other matters therein concluded, w 11 are not to the purpose of 
this narrative, but are worth perusal; with it are wrapt up two loose papers (signed by the chief 
officers) the draughts of S r James Montg y concerning the same councill; gth, the other authenticpapers, 
W* I have relating (more particularly) to S r Jas. Montg y ' s transactions as a Col. I reserve them for their 
proper place, and resume my discourse of our s d third Visct. I confess my ignorance of all his 
Lo p ' s particular proceedings before the s d council of war, and till the next summer, in which he 
headed the British party, in conjunction with a party of the Scottish army, both commanded in 
chief by Major Gen 1 Munroe (thereunto authorised by the K. and parliament) so commonly called, 
at the fight near Benburb* 5 river, (a place where in Q. Eliz. reign, Shane O'Neil had defeated the 

43 James Galbraith. See p. 159, supra. Major Gal- 
braith, probably brother to John referred to at p. 158, 
supra, was also, it thus appears, employed by the 
British officers in their negotiations with Ormond, and 
seems to have been a popular and much-trusted person 
with the royalists. Among the provisions in the will 
of James Spottiswoode, bishop of Clogher, is the fol- 
lowing : "And I doe, in the last place, appoint, con- 
stitute, and nominate my trustie friends, major James 
Galbraith, captain Henry Spottswood, and James 
Spottswood, my servant, the executors in trust, onlie to 
see this my last will dewlie and truelie extended, so far as 
shall lay in their power; and I doe give to each of these 
my executors ten pounds a-piece, as a legacy, for their 
care and paines herein to be taken." Spottiswoode Atiscel- 
lany, vol. i., p. 163. Adair states, Narrative, p. 113, that 
major Galbraith, sir Robert Stewart, and col. Mervyn 
came on one occasion to hear the ministers preach and 
explain the covenant, but these officers proved themselves 
to be a party of " old malignants. " James Galbraith was 
a 1649 officer, his arrears of pay amounting 10^8,041 6s. ad., 
which was secured to him under the Acts of Settlement 
and Explanation. Fifteenth Report on Public Records of 
Ireland, vol. iii. , p. 299. 

44 Theophilus Jones. Theophilus Jones was son of 
Dr. Lewis Jones, a native of Monmouthshire, who was 
appointed to the bishoprick of Killaloe in 1633. The 
bishop died in 1646, when he had reached the great age 
of 104 years. He left four sons, viz., i. Henry, who be- 
came bishop of Meath, and died in 1681. 2. TheopJiilits, 
mentioned in the text, who resided at Osbertstown, 
county of Meath, and after the Restoration in 1660, be- 
came a knight and privy counsellor. 3. Michael, who 
was appointed governor of the city of Dublin in 1647, 
when surrendered to the Parliament by the marquis of 
Ormond. Michael Jones was also general of the army in 
Leinster at the time of his death in 1649; and 4. Oliver, 
a colonel in the army, who was appointed governor of 
1 -eighlin in 1 65 1 , and died in 1 664. Lodge's Peerage, edited 
by Archdall, vol. ii., p. 395, note. Theophilus Jones was 
among the boldest opponents of the parliamentary com- 
mittee, and, with the other officers of lord Conway's 

regiment, dared openly to resist its decisions. The com- 
mittee had dismissed lord Conway from his position of 
colonel to an English regiment, and put lord Blaney in 
his stead. Jones and the other officers of the regiment 
refused to receive lord Blaney, but accepted Mr. Edward 
Conway, appointed by Ormond to the command, whilst 
Jones was made lieut. -colonel on this promotion of the 
latter. Jones further assured the lord lieutenant (Ormond), 
that the royalists, having the island of Lee ale on their side, 
would require but very little assistance from his excellency 
to enable them to hold the North in despite of the 
Scottish army, and even to force the Scots to leave Ulster 
or submit to his (Ormond's) authority. Carte's Life of 
Ormond, vol. i., pp. 533, 538. Sir Theoph. Jones, as a 
trustee for the 1649 officers, obtained large grants from the 
" savings " under the Acts of Settlement and Explanation. 
His own claim for arrears of pay amounted to upwards of 
^3,000. Fifteenth Report on Public Records of Ireland, 
vol. iii., pp. 94, 104, 121, 153, 207, 270, 289, 291, 301, 312. 
45 Benburb. Benburb, Beann-borb, the 'proud cliff,' 
was the name of a castle, now in ruins, on the left bank 
of the Blackwater. See O'Donovan's note on the Four Mas- 
ters, an. 1601, vol. vi. , p. 2257. Philip O'Sullivan Beare 
twice translates this Pinna Superba in his Histories Catholicce 
Hiberni(C Compen